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3 1833 01208 9881 

THE BOOK_0._F.__ 

TH. E._.D.UF Fi 






1 y 1 4 














EARL FIFE, ..... 

XL JA:\1ES duff, second EARL FIFE, 








































56 i 




1. ADAM DUFF OF CLUNYBICG, ...... Fronlispiece 

From the picture by Gruaud van Hu.ntjiohst. In the pussessiou of 
H.R.II. thePriucess Iloyal. The date is a later addition, by the same 
hand which touched up a fjfood many of the Dulf House pictures. 

2. JOHN DUFF, NINTH LAIRD OF MULDA\'IT, . . . To face p. 20 

From a picture erroneously ascribed to Jamksone, really painted 
about 1600, as is shown by the costume. In the possession of 
H.R.H. thel'rincess Royal. 



With inscription on the background also obviously a later addition, 
as the date of picture is about 1600, before Jamesone's day. It 
is, moreover, not in his style. In the possession of H.R.H. the 
Princess Royal. 


Picture in possession of present writers. Artist unknown. 


In the possession of FI.Il.H. the Princess Royal. Artist unknown. 


By Jonathan Ricn\imsoN. In the possession of H.R.H. tlie 
Princess Royal. 


By WissiNG. In the possession of H.R.H. the Princess Royal. The 
date also a later addition by the same hand which" added those to 
the pictures above mentioned. 


By Sir Goiifiiev Knei.leii. In the possession of H.R.II. the 
Princess Royal. 


By ^VII,I,1A.M Smith. In the possession of Mrs. Chancellor. 


10. JANE GRANT, SECOND W^II'E OK 'I'lIlC I'IKS'I' EAKI. FIFE, . Tnfarcp. 12(1 

I'.y Wif.i.iAM Sinni. hi tlio pos.soi^iuJi of Mrs. (Jli.iMccllor. 

11. AIITIIUR DUFF OF OKTON, ...... icj 

By GiXJKOK Watson. In the possession of .Mrs. Chancellor. 

12. JAMES DUFF, SECOND EARL FIFE, . . . . , 180 

By FiiANcis CoTKs. In the possession of Airs. Chancellor. 


By G. Pope. In the possession of the present writers. 

By Siu IIkn-iiv RAKiiniN. In the jiossession of Mrs. Chancellor. 


From engraving hy ZoiiKr., after Chatei.ain. In the possession of 
the present writers. 


From eni^n-avinf,- hy G. II. W^nn, after Siit Fjiancis Giiant. In 
the possession of the present writers. 



Photograph by Lai.i.ik 

18. JAMES DUFF OF BANFF (Jacodite), „ 24( 

From the picture now in the possession of Adam Gordon Duff, 75 
Chester Scjuare. Artist unknown. 



By Hugh Rivikiik. Now at Hattou. 

20. GENERAL SIR BEAUCHAMP DUFF, G.C.B., ■ • • „ 25^ 

Photogr.-iph hy Mauli, and Fo.\-. 


In the possession of E. A. J. Duff, 22 Onslow Gardens, S.W. 

22. CAPTAIN GEORGE DUFF, R.N., . . , . . 2fi( 

By Sill IIenkv Raehuun. In the possession of E. A. J. Duff. 


By Sm Henuy Raeuuiin. In the possession of E. A. J. Duff'. 


By W1LLIA.M Moss.iiA.N. In the possession of H.R.H. the V 


V O L U M E 1 1 



rhotosraiili l.y Di.wnkv. 

2(;. ADMIRAL ROBERT DUFF, R.N., 7\. /i/ce ;;. 312 

By Sill Joshua Reynolds. Painted for Greenwich Hospital. Of this 
picture tliere are four replicas— one in the United Service Institu- 
tion ; one now at Fetteresso ; one in the possession of II.R.H. the 
Princess Royal ; and one at Hatton Castle. 


By Sill IIk.vuy Rakbuiin. At Fetteresso. 


By Sill He.niiy Rakbuhn. From a pliotoi;raph of a picture sold 
from Fetteresso. 


By Gkoiiuh Jamesone. In the possession of II.R.H. tlie Princess 


By Cos.Mo Ale.xandeu. Picture at Corsindae, and replicas in tlie 
jiDssession of II.R.H. the Princess Royal and Artliur C. (Jrant Duff. 


From the picture at Drumniuir. 


From the picture at Drummuir. 

33. JOHN DUFF OF DRUMMUIR. (Dres.sed as Hamlet), . . „ 390 

By A.NUEi.icA Kalffmann. At Drummuir. 


From tlie picture at Muirtown. 


By \V. K. Kkki.i.n,;. Iu the possession of fl.R.H. tlio Princess 

.■)0. GENERAL PATRICK DUFF ('TIGER'), . . . . „ 484 

By Geoiige Romney. In the possession of Miss Mary Ramsay, 


I'lHitoKn.pli l,y F.XMrrr an.. I'uv. 

To face p. •108 


By ^^'lLLIA.'\I Smith. In tlie possession of Mrs. Chancellor. 

39. JEMIMA AND ANNE WHARTON DUFF, . . . . „ 504 

My TiKiMAs Duncan. In tlio possession of Mrs. Cliancellor. 


CHIEFLY RESIDED, at end of Volume IT. 


SiiiEi.n OK TiiK Ancihnt Earls of Fife, 

Alkxandkii Duff op Keitiimore, 

Helen Grant, . 

BnACo House, 

Balvenie Castle, 

Duff Ilnisi:, 

RoTiiiioiiAY House, 

Innes House, 

Skene House, . . , . 


Deloaty Castle, 

Coat Armorial of the Earls Fife, 

(;raiost()N Castlk, 

Town House in Banff of Mrs. Duff 

Hatton Castlk, . 





Fkttehksso Castle, 



E I] 

. 309 


. 328 


. 354 


. 309 

MuiiiTowN House, 

. 407 

E,,0,N t ATlIEnUAL, 

. 442 

Oi.n House of Carnousie, 

. 4CG 

Dorothea Hay, Mrs. 'Tiger 


. 480 


. 491 

Orton House, 

. 502 

Sir Ja.mes Duff op Kinstaiu, 

. 500 

Park House, 

. 553 


. 502 

Arms of Alexander Duff ot 

Keith 3K 


. 504 



Ancient Eari.s of Fife, ..... 


MuLDAViT Family, ..... 


' Mr. ' John Duff's P'amily, .... 

. 29 

Adam Duff of Clunybeg's Descendants, 


Abercromby Family, ..... 

. 102 

Hatton Family, . . . . . ' . 

. 227,257, 

258, 259 

Mayen Family, ...... 

. 273 

s-ciPAL Surviving L: 

Descent from Adam Duff of Clunybko, al end of Volume I. 



Fkithuksso Family, 

. 327 

CoRsiNDAE Family, 

329, 3.'?4 

ToRRiEsouL Family, 

. 330 

Dhummuiii Family, 

. 3G5 

Mi'iiiTowN Family, 

. 407 

Duffs of Crumuik and Diff-Gordons, . 

414, 415 

Georoe Duff of Edindiacii's Descendants, 

. 427 

Duffs of Hili,ockiiead, . 

. 431 

Duffs of Lisbon, .... 

. 441 

Duffs in Elgin, .... 

. 443 

Duffs of Bade and Caiunwiielp, 

. 453 

Carnousie Family, 

. 4G7 

Gordons of Farskane, 

. 493 

Grant Duffs, .... 

. 490 

^VllAnTON Duffs, 

. 502 

Sir James Duff of Kinstaiu's Descendants, 

. 607 

Macduffs of Bo.miaud, . 

. 545 

Peuthshire Duffs, 

. 550 

GoRDo.NS OF Park, 

. 559 

Urquiiauts, .... 

. 500 


. 503 







'J'liE raniilj' of Fcttercsso took its rise from one of the younger sons of 
Patriek of Craigston, Admiral Robert Duff, who purehased this estate 
from the York Building Company in 1782, five years before his death, for 
£19,000. The mansion-house of Fcttercsso had been, previous to the 
attainder, the ancient scat of the family of the Earl Marischal. The 
attainted carl was an intimate friend of William Duff of Eraco, who died 
in 1718. See chapter vii.^ 

Robert was one of the very youngest of the enormous family of Patrick 
of Craigston. The only child who was certainly younger was Adam, 
Provost of Aberdeen, and it will be remembered that Robert was the 
child not known by sight to his father.- Unfortunately the date of his 
birth has not been recorded (as his ' fine tomb at Peterculter ' seems to 
have disappeared entirely) ; but from the dates of his entering the Navy, 
and of his various steps, it must have been about the year 1721. ^ 

' William Baird is responsible for the following statement : ' Mr. George Keith, advocate 
in Aberdeen, who died September 1738, assured me he had seen among Lord Marischall's 
[lapcrs a charter under the great seal, prior to 1400, ujion tlie lands of Fctteresso to Duff 
Scolach of Fctteresso, where DulT was the Christian name and Scliolach or ScoUie the surname." 
But whether this proves anything as to the antiquity of the Duff family and its connection 
with Kincardineshire or not, may be a matter of opinion. ' See chapter xvi. 

' The facts as to his services are tal;en from Charnock's ^"nval Biography, as there seems to 
have been no account of them kept in the family. Indeed, in the Fctteresso branch itself, the 
records are altogether very meagre; the letters of Lady Helen and a few business letters 
Irum the admiral having been preserved in Lord Braco's family. 


lie became a commander in 1744, and writes tluis to liis half-brother, 
Patrick Dull oi' Premnay : 


' Aprik ye 20, 1744. 

'Dear Brother, — Be pleased to accept my most hearty thanks for the 
favour of your kind and obliging letter of y^ 11th instant which was forwarded 
by my good friend Coloiiil Abcrerombic and came to hand j'esterday. In his 
letter he says he hopes I shall soon be removed to a better station : were all the 
other gentlemen you and the rest of my friends have taken the pains to re- 
commend me to as sincere as he is, it certainly would be so, but patience is a 
noble and necessary virtue. 

' I am greatly oblidged to you for the salmon. I begg leave to offer the 
Lady Braeco and Lady Premnay my most hearty thanks for granting my 
request and think they luid better pospond sending anything till a convoy 
offers. The fleet commanded by Sir Charles Hardy passed by this place two 
days ago ; if he has the fortune to meet the Brist squadron, I do not doubt but 
he will give a good account of them. We are fitting the Exeter for sea as fast 
as possible, but as seamen enter Init sloly, I believe it will be the end of May 
before we can be ready and then I bclive we shall only go a short crouse in the 

' Pray forward the enclosed to Ilatton and offer my most dutiful! respects to 
my IMother, the Lady Braeco, Lady Premnay, Gight's Family, Melrose's, 
Captain Urquhart's, Brother Adam and all other friends, and I am, with the 
greatest regard and respect. Your affec. Brother and most obedient humble 
servant, Robert Duff.' (D.) 

In the early part of 174G he was in command of the Terror bomb- 
ketch on the coast of Scotland, where he was very active in persecuting 
the rebels. There is one letter from him on the subject in the Additional 
MSS. British Jluseum. The following details arc taken from Bishoj) 
Forbes' Lyo7i in Mourning : 

' .Tuly 1740. Sir Jas. Stewart and three prisoners were turned over to the 
Terror sloop, commanded by Mr. Duff, son to Patrick Duff, sumetinie Laird of 
Craigston in Buchan ; Captain Norebury (of the Loo) sent a message to Mr. 
Duff to tell him how the prisoners had been treated by liim, and to say that any 
civilities he should show to them he would take as to himself. To which the 
haughty Duff paid very small regard. AVithin some hours after they had come 
to his sloop, they were, by the great indulgence of their new captain, cooped up 
in an ugly hole of six feet in length and less in breadth, Avhere they suffered 
extremely for many weeks, nor could a Turkish bashaw have borne himself 
higher towards these jirisoncrs than the young olfieer did, while under his 
command. The Terror, after going to Banff, where Duff visited his 
near relations, sailed for Woolwich, where Sir James was carritd to the new 


prison, wlicif lie died of fever. The three ])i-isoner,s remaining on the Terror 
were more harslily treated than before. The hold in whieh they were eonfined 
had iieitlier air nor hght, but from the door, and very httle of either that way. 
'J'heir humane countryman, the tender-hearted Captain, commanded tlie door 
to Ix- shut and padlocked at eight at night, and not to be opened till after eight 
in the morning. In addition two sentinels were j^Iaced at the door. After the 
liaLtlc of Culloden, Captain Duff went to Canua, Skye, and committed several 
liranehes of cruelty upon the poor ijcople, wanting them to inform him if the 
Prince or any of his ollieers were in hiding there. In June 17 10 Captain Duff 
went to the Isle of Kigg in order to execute the Disarming act ; called the people 
into one place and ordered them to give ujj their arms at their peril. They 
agreed, gave up their arms, but got no receipts for them. The poor people 
looked on themselves as out of danger. Some weeks later, Captain Duff went to 
Ivgg again, to look for Cajitain .John ]\Iacdonald. The inhabitants denied that 
he was there, and were again very harshly treated.' 

Rol)crt Duff's name is also mentioned as one of the witnesses in the 
trial of Simon Fraser, Lord Lovat. ' Captain Duff proved that a letter 
I'rom the Master of Lovat to Lord Lovat was taken out of the strong box 
in the prisoner's presence.' — March 13, 1747. 

In October 171G Robert Dvrff was jn-omotcd Post-Captain, and ap- 
])ointcd to the Anglesca. lie cruised on the coast of Ireland ' witli little 
success ' (presumably in tlie caj^ture of prizes). 

During the greater ])art of the peace he is not known to Jiavc held any 

In January 1755 he was appointed a regulating captain of the Press- 
gang, not a very enviable post. 

Later in the same year lie was appointed to the Jlochcstcr, fifty guns, 
and was principally employed in coasting off the coast of France, where 
he appears to have had good success in the capture of neutral ships whieh 
supplied the enemy witli stores and ammunition. From these prizes 
he amassed a large quantity of prize money, which he devoted later to 
purcliasing land. 

' In 1758 he was with Commodore Howe in the expedition against 
Clicrbourg ; and in the unfortunate and perilous affair in St. Cas Bay he 
commanded the flat-bottomed boats which took off the troops, and did 
this so well that to his exertions and those of his officers wc may fairly 
attribute the fact that the disastrous losses were not greater' (Charnock). 

In 1759 he became senior Captain, with the rank of Commodore, in 
command of the little squadron of four frigates and four 50-gun ships 
^lationed off the south coast of Brittany to watch the movements of the 
Firneii in Jlorbihan. 


He was lying ;iL anclior in Quil:)eron Bay wlicn, on the inorning of 
November 20, 1750, his outlook gave him the intelligence of the French 
fleet, to the southward of Belle Isle. He hastily put to sea and stood to 
the southward, chased by the French. Suddenly he tacked to the east- 
ward, his men manning the rigging, cheering and throwing their hats into 
the sea. The English fleet had just been sighted, in hot pursuit of the 
French, who, partly owing to their turning aside to chase Duff's squadron, 
were overtaken before they could get to a safe anchorage, and com- 
pletely defeated. Two French ships struck, four were sunk, and the rest 
were all damaged, and ran for shelter. This was the decisive battle of 
Quiberon Bay, ' when Hawke came swooping from the West,' and though 
Commodore Duff had no actual share in the fighting, his tactics greatly 
contributed to the result, and his name is always associated with the 

Charnock points out the similar post of command of the inshore Avatch- 
ing squadron held by Bobert Duff's ' great-nephew ' before Trafalgar. 

He was promoted to the command of the Foudroyant, and served next 
under Rodney in the West Indies. In 1775 he became Rcar-Admiral of 
the Blue, and was appointed ' Governor and Commander-in-Chief in and 
over the Island of Newfoundland and its dependencies.' - 

In the Record Oilicc there is preserved a letter from the Lords of the 
Admiralty to the Karl of Dartmouth, asking that 'Capt. Robert Duff, 
ajipointed Comm'' in Chief of II.IM.S. ships, etc., in Newfoundland, may 
have the usual eommiss" of Gov'' of Newfoundland.' 

In 1776 he became Rear- Admiral of the White, and in September 1777 
of the Red, and was appointed to the command of the Gibraltar station, 
flying his flag in the Panther, and co-operating with the garrison during the 
siege. At this period his great-nephew, George, aged thirteen, joined his 
ship. During his three years at Gibraltar he became successively Vice- 
Admiral of the Blue, and the White, but after Rodney's victory off Cape 
St. Vincent, in January 1780, he was recalled to England, and held no 
further command (though he became Rear-Admiral of the Red in 1781) 
until his death, Avhich occurred in 1787. His official reports and formal 
letters to the British Minister in Madrid during this period, some in 
cypher, are to be found in the British Museum MSS. Department. 

The following letter "to the Earl of Fife' belongs to the period of his 
retirement : 

' Baird, writing in 1773, alludes to ' Captain Robert Duff of Logic, a good Naval officer.' 
= Ann. Register, April 24, 1775. There is aletter from Robert Dulf, written from St. John's, 

Newfoundland, about the garrison of York Fort, in Labrador (Additional JMSS. British 





,/,.v/„^^, Jie'/nc'.i. 


' IUth, 12/// -l/iW/e 1700. 

' .Mv DF.AU Loitl),— I was duly lioiiorcd ^illi your lilUr iiI Llir IJlLh ulLiino 
and iiturii your Lordsliip lliaiiks Tor the franks yon was so obliging as to send 
inc. Il is with great pleasure I hear your Brother, Mr. Arthur, is recovering 
f.tst. As your Lordship used to like bath Cheese, I have taken the liberty to 
send you three by the coach that goes from this to-morrow morning, it puts 
up at the Angel Inn behind St. Clements Church, Strand, and will be in town 
to-morrow evening. 

' During the time of my being here, I have Ixen regular in my drinking the 
water and bathing, and begin now to find some benefite from them, but the 
scurvy requires time to get the better of it. If your Lordship has room in your 
c(;aeh house, will be obliged to you for your permission to put my postehaise into 
it for Ihc short time I shall be in London. I have the honor to be, with great 
esteem and regard, — My Dear Lord, Your Lordships most obedient and most 
humble servant, Robert Duff.' (Z).) 

' On December 6th, 1787, died at Quecnsferry, of tie gout in his stomach, 
on liis return from Bath, Robert Duff, Vice-Admiral of the Red.' 

He seems to have been a wealthy man, as by the provisions of his will, 
insides his new purchase of Fetteresso, he was able to leave a considerable 
sum of money to his eldest son, and suitable provisions for the younger 

For his services. Admiral Robert Duff had added to his armorial bearings 
two sailors as supporters, and George iii. had his portrait painted by Sir 
Joshua Reynolds for Greenwich Hospital. There are replicas of it at 
Fetteresso, in the Duff House collection, and at Hatton. 

In 1764 he had married Helen, the foxirth daughter of his first cousin, 
AViliiam, Lord Fife. 

When the admiral was not on active service he and his wife lived at 
Logic, in Crimond, Aberdeenshire, an estate which he bought in the year 
of his marriage and sold again when he bought Fetteresso. He writes 
from there as to his appointment to Newfoundland : ' The Lords of the 
Admiralty, thinking it proper that the Newfoundland squadron should 

' He was popular with his brothers-in-law, who allude to him frequently in their letters 
as ' the honest Admiral,' and Arthur writes, with pleasure, that ' the Admiral's share of prize 
money amounts to several thousands.' This was the money which was afterwards used in 
the purchase of Fetteresso, and founded this branch of the family. He also lent £5000 to his 
brother-in-law, Lord Fife, at four and a half per cent., as seen in the Rose letters. 

Burns is reported to have visited Fetteresso and to have been found by Admirzd Robert 
Dull fishing in the Carron River, without leave. \Yhca challenged, he threw down his rod, 
iuJ e.\claimed : 

' Your fish are scarce, your water 's sraa', 
There 's my rod, and Rob 's awa.' 


sail this year much earlier tlian tlicy foniKM-Iy liad to (h), liavc by hist 
directed iiic to i-cpair to town. An extraordinary dee[) stoi'ni of snow 
makes it impossible Lo travel at present, hut I shall set out as soon as 
possible. This call is several weeks sooner than I expected, but military 
men must submit to such disappointments.' 

In the same letter the admiral remarks : ' I am sorry for the loss of 
Quebec, it will be expensive and troublesome to retake it, although I hope 
the exertion the Administration is now making against the Americans 
will soon make them sensible of the superior strength of Great Britain to 
them.' Of course, Quebec was not actually lost, Carleton making a very 
able defence and checking the revolutionary troops at tlie last moment. 
But the admiral's sentiments with regard to the future progress of the 
war which ended in the surrender of Saratoga remind the reader of certain 
newspaper paragraphs in the early days of the last Boer War. As to his 
appointment to the Mediterranean command, he writes to Lord Fife : 

'Chavkn Stuki-.t, 20/// %)/. 1777. 
' jMy dear Lord, — When I had the honour to write your Lordship from Logic, 
I had just then received Lord Sandwich's letter desiring mc to conic immediately 
to London to be appointed to the Command at Plymouth. On my arrival here, 
his Lordship told mc I might have tlie Command at Plymouth, or change with 
Admiral Graves for the Mediterranean Command, and added if I changed 
Commands with Admiral Graves, he would appoint j\Ir. Leslie my first Lieutenant 
and soon give me an opportunity to make him a Captain. The iNIcditerranean 
Command being more lionorable and on many accounts more eligible than 
Plymouth, joined to the i^rospect of making my friend Leslie a Captain, made 
me, with a good grace, agree to his Lordship's proposal. I was, some days 
ago, appointed to the Connnand in the l\Icditerranean, where it your Lordship 
has any eonnnands, it will give me pleasiu'c to obey them. It will probably be 
late in November before I can sail from England, but I hope to be able to escape 
a part of the winter. Administration have no olficial accounts from Lord Howe 
or his Brother since the Sth of JulJ^ The private accounts, which I have from 
good authority, arc, that Lord Howe and his fleet were seen off the mouth of the 
Delawar, where they stoped some hom-s, and then went to the Southward. It 
is conjectured they were bound for Chcsapcak Bay, to endeavour to get between 
Washington and his iMagazins, which are at Lancaster near Susquahanna River. 
Washington has certainly crossed the Delawar with his army ; it is believed he 
is gone to defend his magazins, which will probably bring on a battle. God 
grant us good accounts. We have had three weeks of the finest weather that ever 
was seen, I hope you have had the same with you. 

' Wishing your Lordship health and happyness, I am, with the greatest 
respect, — Your Lordship's most obedient and most humble servant, 

' liOBERT Duff.' (E.) 


Lady Helen Duff writes to lier brother, ' the Lord Viscount Macduff,' 
from Jvhnburgli : 

' My dear BnoTiiER, — Wcerc I to tell you how mucli I gvcivc at my Silence 
I 'm certain you would forgive me. I can only say it is not for want of through 
inclination, as I have atcmpt writing these two posts,' but company has always 
[jrcwnted mc f i-om employing my pen. I have been to no Publick place since I 
ciunc to town but St. C^ecilia's Concert, it was vastly croud'l nor did I think the 
Town at present coud have produced so much good company. It would be in 
vain to mention how many Compliments I was desired to make both my Lady and 
you from numbcrlcs line folks, ... I believe the half of the company would have 
jiromiss'' to meet you at Stirling. The town 'tis said will be full. I 'm just 
now informed that Lord and Lady Elgin arc come to spend the winter in My 
Lady Galoways House and that their is a most splendid Coach made for them, 
by this I shoud imagin they intend cutting a flash. Lord Dunmore has come 
the length of having a Gold Lace round a fllaning wastccotc and my Lady is 
within a few days of giving him a son or daughter and I 'm told has got as many 
gentile airs as my Lady Countess her Mother. Lad)- Elgin is they say also 
arived and has taken Lady itLicduff's old quarters Mrs. Pittolaehs. The Beauty 
for the season was intended to be a Miss Dalzal. She, however, Dont answer the 
exi)ectations of the Publick so I fancie two or three plays will put her out of 
I'ation. The Play House was opend last Saturday, was very full and Mr. 
Diggs met wt. unspeakable applause but this I 'm fearfull wont last as Mrs. 
Digg's absence cant be made up. The famous Lady we wrote you off some time 
agoe is in Town, I saw her Sunday at Church. She is far from handsom — nor 
does she in least look like a woman of Eation, is but a Miss Clairly and nice to 
Lord Terres. Mr. and BL'S. Webster dined here yesterday and longs much for 
your arrival. Lady Doll Primcrrose is not yet come to town, she is at Lord 
Nepers, her aunt Lady Dorrothea has been here. Your acquaintcnce Mrs. 
Hodges is in town, shining in Dimonds and gold Apcaral — I woud take a good pen 
and write you a long leter but am obliged to go and dress as I 'm intended for a 
great Towr of visits in ye afternoon. I firmly resolved to have wrote My Lady 
this fornoon, but a flirting miss came in to me and has keep me up wt. very small 
talk these two hours, this I hope will serve as my apologie till next post, mean 
while i)resent her my Compts. and best regards. My Dear Brother, — Ever your 
affect, and nuieh obliged, Hei.ex Duff.' (D.) 

Robert and I^ady Helen Iiad six cJiildren : 

1. Jean, born 1705 (mentioned as liaving been burnt by quick lime 
during the alteration to liOgie) ; married, 1791, James Clerk of Bonnington. 
2 A son, born 17GG, o.s.p. 

3. Robert William, born 17G7. 

4. Another child, born 1771, died young. 

5. Adam, born 1775, died 18-10. 

(J. Jamks Alexander, born 1777, died ISOO. 


Admirnl Robert Duff to the Earl of Fife a! Wlillrhlll 

'Lov.iv., :i'< Marcli 1777. 

' My dear Lord, — Your sister Lady Helen having for some time past daily- 
expected to be brought to bed, made nic defer writing your Lordship till I could 
acquaint you of that event, which happened this forenoon, when she was safely 
delivered of a son who is to be christened to-morrow by the names of James and 
Alexander after your Lordship and your Brother Eeht : It is with pleasure that 
I acquaint you that Lady Helen and the cliild are both in a very good way. 

' Lady Helen joins me in affeetionat regards and best wishes to your Lord- 
ship. I am with the greatest esteem. — My dear Lord, Your Lordship's most 
obedient and most humble servant, Robert Duff.' (D.) 

On the admiral's going out to Gibraltar in January 1778 his wife and 
three children accompanied liim, and the following letter from Lady Helen 
is addressed, as was so much of the family correspondence, to her youngest 
brother, Artliur, in London : 

'GiDTiAi.TAii, Jan. 29, 1778. 

' My dear Brother, — The Admiral wrote you a few days after our arrival 
here and told you of our having had a good passage ; it was a short one for 
this season and with a convoy which made it two days longer than it would 
have been, for we had a favourable wind and plenty of it. It was but one 
day against us, but as I was sick enough to lay quietly in bed for the first week, 
I thought the voyage suIRciently long. Bob followed my example, Jeanie for 
three days, and Mr. Adam lost his breakfast once, and in an hour after made 
up his loss ; he was an excellent sailor.^ We are all now become stout, and I 
don't think any of us will be sea-sick again, as we have had some trials and 
bore them very well. We have had a good deal of blowing weather since we 
came into the Bar which has prevented us being much in town. I 've only been 
twice there. It is the most uncommon place I ever saw and has a very strieking 
appearance to a stranger, from the tremendous rock that liangs over it. In the 
Streets you would think you was at a Masquerade for you see people of all 
nations in different dresses and speaking different languages. "The weather, 
though sometimes blowing has been like our Summer ever since we came here 
and at present extremely pleasant. I shall now begin to go about a little, before 
it becomes too hot for walking. 

' Remember us in the kindest manner possible to our friends at Rothiemay 
when you write to them. I will write to them when I liave seen a little more of 
this place. The Admiral sends you his best wishes. Adieu. — Your ever 
affectionate sister, Helen Duff.' (0.) ^ 

Another family letter, quoting from Helen, remarks on the dearness of 
provisions in Gibraltar, mutton being then at '2s. a lb. ; and in a letter to 

' Adam was three years old at this time. 

- Lady Holon's spelling has considerably improved since her Edinburgh days. 


Ikt mother, she notes that ' the rock of Gibraltar is larger than anything 
to be seen at Rothieniay.' 

It is curious to find no allusion to her j'oungcst child James, who was 
under a year old, and was probably left at home. There are several letters 
of the same period, giving further details of their life at Gibraltar. The 
children had whooping cough there, and Lady Helen quaintly remarks 
that slic is glad they had got over ' the smalpox ' before going, ' as it would 
Iiavc been a bad kind if caught there.' Poor Helen died in September of 
the same year (1778), at Gibraltar, where she is buried. ^ 

Three years later, after his retirement, the admiral married again at 
Glassaugh, October 30, 1781, Jean, daughter of General Abercromby and 
.Mary Duff of Dipple, thus first cousin to his first wife and first cousin once 
removed to himself. 

Joan had been previously married, in 17G7, to Captain George Morison 
(second son of Morison of Bognie and himself owner of Haddo), and was a 
widow, with one little girl, Mary. This child, in later life, married her 
stepbrother, Robert William, son of Admiral Robert and Lady Helen, 
and brought into the family the properties of Glassaugh and Haddo, 
\shich she left to her younger sons. 

.■\dmiral Robert and his second wife Jean had no children, but she 
sccnis to have been a kind stepmother to Helen's four, as there are allu- 
sions in other letters of the admiral's to the progress of Bob and Jeanie 
at their lessons, and the pleasure he and his wife derive from the society 
of the two little boys ' wlio give us many happy hours.' 

There is a curious letter from the admiral, written three years after his 
second marriage, to his brother-in-law Arthur, about some diamonds 
left to his first wife, of which he imagines himself not to have got the full 

' The Aberdeen Journal of the period has the following notice : 

■ November g. Letters from Gibraltar bring accounts of the death of the Right Honourable 
I.ady Helen Duff, sister to the Earl of Fife, and lady to Admiral Duff. Her Ladyship died 
it f.ibr.iltar the loth of November last, to the great grief of her family and acquaintance. 
" Her form, once fairest of the beauteous kind, 
But lovelier far the beauties of her mind. 
That with sweet influence did still impart 
Joy to each eye and pleasure to each heart. 
In all its views her character so bright 
We ne'er can place it in a flattering light, 
Nor can we tell which we should most commend 
The wife, the sister, daughter, or the friend. 
Yet, cease your fruitless grief for sure 'tis vain 
To weep for her, who ne'er shall weep again ; 
H here she merited such wondrous love, 
How glorious shines her worlliy soul above." ' 
VOL. n. B 


number. lie says, ' In the co])y of I^ady Ro.sconuuou's ^Vill, Llie number 
of Diamonds is partieularly mentioned. Every person who had tlie honour 
to be acquainted with your father knew him to be a gentleman of strict 
integrity. . . . Lady Fife and I, from our time of Ufa, must expect soon 
to appear before a Judge to whom our most secret thoughts and actions 
are known. I therefore leave it to her Ladyship's conscience to do what 
she thinks just in this affair.' Both Koljcrt and his wife Helen seem to 
have been of an economical turn of mind. There is some correspondence 
M'ith her mother about a nurse for the children, named Fanny Crow, at 
£G a year. 

Jean Duff survived her husband for nine years, dying at Moffat in 1 790. 
Her stepson and her daughter were married two years after the admiral's 
death, in 1789, Robert AVilliam being then twenty-two. He was served 
heir to his father in that year, and in 179.3 to his deceased uncle Patrick 
Duff in the estate of Culter.' 

His career will be treated of later. We will deal first with his yotmger 

Adam was only twelve years old at his father's death, and seems to 
have been left to the guardianship of his mother's brother Arthur, the good 
genius of all the family. When Adam came of age in 1796 lie wrote a 
series of letters to his guardian uncle which reveal him as a thorough-paced 
prig. The following extracts will suflice : 

He ' has no doubt that all his money matters were properly settled, 
yet he insists on seeing all papers before granting a discharge.' As he sees 
that there has been a considerable saving chu-ing his minority, he is con- 
vinced that matters have been very properly managed, and returns sincere 
thanks to his uncle, begging at the same time for his advice in the future. 
For though he may sometimes deviate from it, it will not be without due 
consideration. He then describes the plans he had made for his own 
improvement, which included a year's residence in a foreign University 
to study the French and German languages, as he considers that ' from 
the great progress the Germans have of late made in literature, tlieir 
language is a proper branch of education.' In deference to his uncle's 
opinion, however, he is willing to substitute a year's residence at Oxford, 
where he understands Christ Church to be the best college, and he promises 

' Mrs. Udny, ' who relaincil the name o£ Duff, out ol respect for lier fatlier's memory,' had 
been left the estate of Gutter by her husbaml, I'atriclc Duff, for lier hte, ami at her death it 
was to go to Admiral Robert. lie predeceased her, and she, dying in 1793, left it to her cousin, 
James, Earl Fife. No title to the estate having been made up in her favour, her right to 
disjiose of it was challenged, and, after long and expensive litigation, the House of I.orils ilecule.l 
in favour of the claim of Kobert William Duff, son of Admiral l\oberl. 


Bi/ jSw J/id/jry Jtausl'icr/L: 


'< iMt' 'rii 

.; ' 'V^' -.^ 


liinisclf to associate only with the studious set, and wiLli tlieni as liltic as 
])Ossiblc. From Oxiord, hciny within a day's journey of L()ndf)n, he would 
iiavc it in his jjowcr ' to relax during a siiort vacation at easy expense.' 
Apparently neither of these schemes was carried out, and he studietl I^aw 
in Edinburgh, and was called to the Scottish Bar in 1799. In another 
letter he describes his projectctl journey to England. ' I intend taking 
the mail from Edinburgh to York, stopping a day there, and tlien taking 
the mail to Stamford, from whence Wharton (his uncle) tells me I can get 
plcnt}^ of stage coaches to carry me to Swaffham in Norfolk, where my 
brother James is at present recruiting.' (James had become an Ensign 
in the 3rd Regiment Foot Guards in May 1792.) 

In the repositories of Adam's uncle. Provost Adam of Aberdeen, opened 
after the lattcr's death in 1795, were found several wills appointing Adam 
and his brother James, or Adam alone, heir to the said uncle, but these 
were revoked by a subsequent will leaving everything to another of the 
Provost's nephews, ftlajor William Leslie of Jlelross, son to his sister 

In 1S07 Adam was appointed Slierifl of Forfar; in 1811 he was Com- 
missioner of Northern Lights. There is a note in Sir Walter Scott's Diary, 
July '29, 1814 : ' Sailed from Lcith on board the Lighthouse yacht, carry- 
ing six guns, amongst the company Adam Duff, Sheriff of Forfarshire; 
Robert Hamilton, Sheriff of Lanarkshire ; William' Erskine, Sheriff of 
Orkney and Shetland.' These were Commissioners of Northern Lights. 

In 1819 he was appointed Sheriff of Midlothian, and a ]iortrait of him 
appeared some time afterwards in Crombie's Modern Athenians, where he 
is described as ' a convinced Tory, plain-featured and very amiable, of 
careless exterior and slovenly gait. In the picture, he is shown sauntering 
along, wrai)ped in his coarse l)luc spencer and his hands idly folded behind 
his back, grasping an umbrella which can be of little service to him, seeing 
he has nothing on his person that rainfall would spoil.' He mellowed 
very greatly in later life, for when he died, after he had served for twenty- 
one years as sheriff, the obituary notices state that ' he was respected by 
both Whigs and Radicals, and beloved by all who came in contact with 
him. Few men have passed through such stormy times, and left behind 
them a character so unblemished.' He died, imraarricd, at his liouse in 
Charlotte Square, May 17, 1840. 

Of James, his younger brother, little is known beyond the fact that he 
became an Ensign in the 3rd Foot Guards at the age of fifteen, and Lieu- 
tenant and Captain in 1794. He died of consumption at Sidmouth, 
1800, aged twenty-three. 

Jean, the only sister, married on January 3, 1791, James Clerk, advocate, 


ol" Bonningloii, aI'Lerwards Biuon Clerk Raltruy, whose- uiollicr was Iicr 
first cousin. She died in 1S31.' 

Robert Wiiham of Fcttcresso was born in 17G7 at Logic. lie was 
apparently sent to school in Glasgow on the family's return from Gib- 
raltar, as an uncle going to Glasgow is asked to ' get a report of him from 
his master.' At the age of twenty he succeeded to his father, to which 
date belongs the following letter : 

George Hobinson to Lord Fife 

' • - ' EniNu., .Tcrf Jtmc 1787. 

' My Lord, — The unexpected death of Admiral Duff lias opened a sueecssion 
to his young heir — whicli would require more prudence than his years will allow 
— and more experience of the ways of this world than he has had time to acquire 
— to manage with propriety. Of infinite consequence therefore is it, before he 
enters upon this new scene, to direct his pursuits to such things as will tend to 
improve his mind, enlarge his ideas, and beget in him such habits of propriety 
as may secure to him during the remaining part of his life peace and happiness 
within himself, respect and attachment from those with whom nature, Literest, 
or fate, may lead him to be connected. ... In the course of last winter, I had very 
frequent o2)i5ortunities of being in company with BIr. Duff, and it gave me nuich 
satisfaction to find that he was attached to your Ldp. as a man and respected 
your advice as a friend. It is for this reason I thought it my duty to call him 
to your recollection in his present critical situation. I am acquainted with 
nobody better fitted than your Ldp. to open his mind to the scene before him, to 
expose it in the proper light, and to bend his views and affections to those objects 
which he ought to pursue, and to lay before him those snares and temptations 
he ought to avoid. . . . 

' So far as I could discover his Character and dispositions, he seems to be an 
honourable, lively, unsuspecting, unexperienced young fellow, totally devoid 
of schemes of his own, of course an easier prey to those who may wish to shajjc 
his Conduct in such a manner as will best gratify their own ends. . . . 

' If he is directed by fate or by reflection to betake himself to your pro- 
tection and friendship, I think I may safely promise it will be ever afterwards a 
Circumstance on which he will reflect with jjleasure and satisfaction. 

' I have the honour to remain, — Your Ldp's faithful and devoted servant. 

'Geo. Robixsox.' {Ji.) 

He married at twenty-two, and settled down at Fcttcresso. He 
commanded the Forfar Artillery and Kincardine Militia, which was 
embodied for some years during the war with France, and was in after life 

' It is believed that David, one of her sons, was the midshipmnn drowned in the bnrnins of 
the Ajax, otf Tenedos, 1S07. See chapter xvii. 

>XAR.Y >IOTlI S C M , 

:jBi:rt v/illiax liTj.hi of pktti:i<_e,sso. 

^y Ji> JTr.riry JUxtbio 


always known as ' the Colonel,' tliou^fh lie was never in the regular anny.* 
His wil'c, as has aheady been stated, was the daughter of liis stepniollier. 
Slic was a beautiful woman, and her portrait by Uaeburn was sold reeently 
and went to America. It is here reproduced from a photograph. 
They liad a large family : 

1. Robert, who succeeded his fatlier, born 1700. 

2. George, born 1791, died 170.3 ; buried in Fettcrcsso churchyard, 
where there is the following inscri])tion : 

' George Uuff died the 8th of July 1793, aged 2 years. Erected by his 
l)arents in memory of tliis promising child.' 

3. Jane, born 1702, and tlied 1807, aged fifLeen. 
■1. James, born 1793, died 1807. 

5. Arthur, born 1797, died 1855. 

(J. Helen, born 1798, died 1810, aged twelve; buried in Greylriars 
ehureiiyard, Edinburgh. 

7. Adam, born 1800, died 1870. 

8. Thomas Abercromby, born 1802, died 18G2. 

As in this case all the younger sons who survived had large families. 
Robert will be treated of first. The colonel died in 18;51, his wife in the 
l)revious year. 

Inscription in Fettcrcsso churchyard : 

' Robert William Duff, Ksi]., died 22 Marcli l,s;jl.. aged G6. Mary Abercromby 
Duff of Glassaugh, liis wife, died (J Novemlx'r 1833, aged G5. Tluy were 
endeared to their family and friends by their benevolent dispositions and genuine 
integrity of heart. Tliis monument is creeled in \eneralion of I heir memory 
by their affectionate son, Robert Duff.' 

No details are I'ortheonmg of the youth or education of the third Robert 
of Fettcrcsso. 

He was served heir to his father, mother, and brother George in 183-1, 
being then forty-four years of age. He resided much in Paris, and married 
a beautiful Frenchwoman of humble birth, Marie l\Iadeline Namont, who 
lived until 1900. They had only one daughter, Marie Albertine, wlio 
married a first cousin, and will appear later, and Fettcrcsso passed at 
Robert's death, in ISCl, to the son of his lu-othcr Arthur. 

Arthur was served heir to his mother in the estate of Glassaugh in 1838, 
and with it assumed the name of Abercromby. He was also served heir 
in 1834 to his brotliers James and George, presumably in the younger 
son's portions left them by their father. 

' Colonel Robert William Duff was godfather to Lord Byron. 


He married, Dcccml^cr 2, 18.'32, I^'Jizabcth Inncs of Cowic, and had 
three children : 

1. ]\Iary, born 18134; married, in ISGl.C'ajUain Herman (;alton,and had 
a large family.^ She died 1872. 

2. RoBEKT William, who reassumed the name of Duff on succeeding 
his uncle in Fetteresso in 1861. 

3. Margaret Gurney, born 1837 ; married Colonel Edmund Wil- 
loughby Lyons, anti died without issue in 1905. 

Arthur Duff died, in 1855, abroad, having been obliged to leave the 
country many years before, owing to financial embarrassments. 

His next brother, Adam, was Sheriff of Wigtownshire. He married, on 
June 29, 1829, at Christchurch, Marylcbone, Eleanor, eldest daughter of 
the late Captain Thomas Eraser of AVooilcote and Checkendon, Oxford- 
shire. He resided at Woodcote House until obliged to let it, owing to 
the assistance he had to give to his brothers, to whom he showed nujch 
kindness. He also, at one time, owned the estate of I?anniskirk in Caith- 
ness. He had five sons and three daughters : 

1. Thomas Eraser, born 1830, was chief engineer in the household of 
the Viceroy of Egypt. He married, in 1858, his first cousin, Marie Alber- 
tine, and they had four children. He died 1877. 

Robert Eraser, born 1860; married Mary Dempsey, and has 
two daughters: Gladys, born 1883, and Geraldine, 1884, 
both unmarried. 

Albert Adam, born 1862, died 1876. 

Marie Madeleine, born 1803, died 1865. 

Albertine Eleanore, born 1866, unmarried. 

2. The second son, Robert William, born 1831, died 1913; Major- 
Gcncral, Royal Engineers ; married, in 1866, Beatrice, daughter of James 
and Lady Caroline Maxsc. He has one daughter, Beatrice, married to 
Frederic Sharp. No issue. 

3. The third son, George Graham Duff, R.N., was born in 1835, and 
became a naval cadet in 18'18. He was midshipman and acting mate in 
H.JLS. Sidon during the Crimean War, and had the Crimean and Turkish 
medals with Sebastopol clas]). He served in China in 1857, and took part 
in the capture of the Taku forts. In 1863 he served in the New Zealand 
War, from H.JLS. Esl\ and was severely wounded while leading the sea- 
men to the assault of the narrow defile known as the Gate Pah, yVpril 29, 
1864. He was shot through the lungs by a Maori marksman, and was 

' Arthur, born December 14, 1852, now vicar of Lioiirne, Lines, ; Margaret, born 1836, dicil 
1891 ; Hrnest, born 1S57, dicil 1S68; Ralph Abercromby, born 1S59, died 1911; Lsal.iclla 
Ginevra, born 1861 ; Ahce Marj', burn 1864; Theodora Louisa, born 1870. 


also wounded in the spine by Tailing back upon the bayonets ol" his own 
men as they followed him up the steep ineline. lie was mentioned in 
despatches and jjromoted Commander on the same day. In 1870 he was 
promoted Post-Captain, but in 1871 he developed paralysis, in consequenee 
of his wouiul, and died November 1878. He married, in 1867, Mary 
Kaj'll, eldest daughter of John Kayll of Bishopwcarmouth, and liad four 
children. She died 1912. 

Ida, 1868, married Robert Law. One son Robert, born 1906. 
Geokge Graham Kayll, 18G9, Royal Artillery; married, July 15, 
1912, Louise Reecheroft, second daughter of W. E. Beech- 
croft of New Zealand and AVroxham, Norfolk. A dnugliter 
Yvonne Madeleine Lorne, born 1913. 
Hilda, 1871, married William Kayll. One daughter, Enid. 
Irene, 1874, unmarried. 

4. The fourth son was Adam, born 1839, died 1872. Like his eldest 
brother, he held an office in the household of tlie Viccro}' of Egy])t. 

5. The fifth son, Arthur Meredith, born 1810, was in the 71th 
Highlanders; he married Frances Tanner, who died in 1898 at I'olperro, 
Cornwall. Arthur sold out of the 74th in 1807, and died 1880, leaving 
one son Bruton, born 1877, married JIaud Cargill of New Zealand, and is 
now in Canada. 

Of the tlu-ee daughters, the eldest, Mary AnERCROMiiY, born 1833, died 
at Blackheath in 1848, aged fifteen. The second, Jane Clerk, born 1834, 
unmarried. The youngest, Eleanor Traill,^ born 1845, married Glynn 
Turquand, formerly of the Coldstream Ciuards, and has one son, William 
Allen, born 1878, married Mary Allsen, and has two children. 

Adam Duff died in 1870, during a visit to Bath. 

The sixth son of Colonel Robert William DulT of Fettercsso and Mary 
Morison, was Thomas Abercro:\iby Duff, born 1802. He was an advo- 
cate in Edinburgh, and at one time was an unsuccessful candidate for 
Parliament. He inherited the estate of lladdo from his mother, but he 
having fallen into j^ecuniary diflicultics, Iladdo was sold by his trustees 
in December 1819 to John Forbes, who also wt'ut bankrupt, and the 
estate remained in the hands of the creditois. The house has long been 
uninliabitcd and is now falling into ruins. 

Thomas Abercromby Duff was twice married. First, in 1825, to Mary 
Gordon of Newton, by whom lie had two sons : Robert ^^'ILLIA^I, born 
1826, and Alexander, Gordon, born at Fettercsso, August 28, 1828; 
and one daughter. Jane, born and died 1830. 

1 F.leanor Trail! Duff and Henry Duff Traill (the liistorian) wore so cliristene.I on accnnnt 
of the mutual fricnd-.liip of their fathers, who were neiRlibom-; at BIacl;heath. 


And, secondly, in 1833, to Laura Eliza Frascr, younger sister ol' the 
wife ol' his l:)rother Adam. By her he had four sons and one daughter : 

1. Thomas Abercromby, born 1833; Lieutenant 63rd Regiment; 
served through part of the Crimean AVar. Died of rapid consumption, 
Jlarch 13, 1857, unmarried. 

2. Ad.vji, born 1835 ; married Maria Stieler, and died without issue, 1865. 

3. George Gordon, born 1810 ; married Margaret Leydeekcr, and died 
without issue at Darmstadt, 1903. 

4. John Charles, born 181G; married, 18G7, in New York, Regina 
Laudenheimer, and had two sons : Thomas Abercromby Fraser, born 
1868, died unmarried 1889 ; and Joseph, born 1870, now in business in 

The one daugiiter of the second marriage was Jemuia Clerk, born 
1839, died IS 10. 

Afler his bankruptcy, Thomas Abercromby Duff, like his brother 
Arthur, lived entirely abroad, and the sons of his second marriage were 
brought up almost as Germans. The youngest son, John, was last heard 
of in America. 

The two sons of the first marriage were both in the Army. Robert 
WiLLLVM became an Ensign in the 92nd Highlanders in 1815, Paymaster 
of the Regiment in 1849, and Depot Paymaster in 1855. He lived for 
many years in the neighbourhood of Aberdeen, and after his retirement 
as lion. Lieutenant-Colonel in 1882 went to Edinburgh, Avhere he died 1892. 

He married, August 21, 1855, Marianne Georgina, youngest daughter 
of the late Colonel Forbes ]\Liebcan, R.A., of the Old Hall, Kirklcathen, 
Yorkshire, and had three sons and three daughters : 

1. Alexander Gordon, born 1857 ; obtained a commission in the 
Royal Highlanders (Black Watch) 1875; served in Egypt 1882-1884; 
.Soudan War, 1884-1885; and in South Africa, 1899-1901, where he was 
with the Highland Brigade at Magersfontein, and was wounded. He 
retired on half-pay as Brevet-Colonel, May 24, 1900, and has since held 
a Territorial command at Stirling. He now lives at Camberley. 

Married his first cousin, Katherinc Maebean, no issue. 

2. Robert Eraser, born 1858 ; was at one time in Lloyds' Bank ; 
now in America. 

3. George William, born 1867, died 1002. 

Of the daughters, Mary, born 1800, died 1875, and Blanche, born 
1865, died 1910. Margaret Helen, was born 1863, and is unmarried. 

The second son of Thomas Abercromby Duff and Mary Gordon of New- 
ton, Alexander Gordon Duff, was educated at a private school at Black- 
Jieath, wliere were also his brother and two cousins, and then at the Royal 

\ ^l ':. { ■• iih.C 


Military Academy, Woolwich, to wliich lie went in 1845. lie got a com- 
mission in the Madras Infantry in January 18t8, and went out to India 
willi a draft, tlic voyage round the Cape lasting six months. He served 
principally in Burmah, and while the mutiny was raging in India he was 
in sole charge of a small station, and had to disarm his men. He was in 
]'!ngland in 18CG, when he married Eliza., daughter of Mark Phillips of 
\\'addon, 'Wilts. On returning to Burmah he was employed in the political 
department, and became Commissioner and District Sessions Judge of 
Tenasserim. He retired in 188G, and became Lieutenant-General, January 
1, 1893. After his retirement he resided first at St. Leonards, and latterly 
at Tunbridgc Wells. He died at Rapallo, Italy, August 1904, leaving one 
daughter, Nora Beatrice Gordon, married, in 1913, to Albert Martinsen, 
a Russian subject, and two sons. Mrs. Dulf died in 1910. 

The elder son, Robert Harold Ambrose Gordon, born 1871, was edu- 
cated at Sherborne School, and was an exhibitioner of Wadham and a scholar 
of Lincoln College, Oxford, where he took his B.A. in 1893. He obtained 
eleventh place in the ojicn competitive examination for the Home Civil 
Service in 1894, and in the same year was appointed to an Upper Division 
Clerkship in the Local Government Board ; was Private Secretary to two 
Parliamentary Secretaries and two Presidents of the Board, and Secretary 
to the Poor Law Commission 1906-1909. In 1909 he was appointed 
General Insjicctor under the Local Government Board for Shrojishire, 
Cheshire, and Staffordshire. 

In 190;) he married Marjory, elder daughter of Henry Howard of 
Stone House, Kidderminster, and has one son, Robin Airlie Gordon, 
born 1909. 

The second son of General Duff, Arthur Allan Morison, born 1874, 
joined the Britannia as a cadet January 1887, entered the Navy on 
January 1, 1889, became a Lieutenant October 16, 1894, and was Flag 
Lieutenant to Admiral Cyprian Bridge in Australia 1895-1898 ; Commander 
December 31, 1903; Captain December 31, 1909. In February 1009 
he married Margaret Grace, elder daughter of the late Commander 
Wyatt Rawson, R.N.,^ and has a daughter, Joan Elsie, born 191], 
and a son, Daniel Alexander Wyatt Rawson, born August 2, 1912. 
Captain Duff commanded H.M.S. Lion, flagship of the first cruiser 
squadron, February 1911-February 1913. He now connnands II.;\I.S. 

' ' Commander Wyatt Kawson, R.N., born August 17, 1853, was the distinguished naval 
olTicer wlio directed the advance of the Britisli Army by the stars in the celebrated night marcli 
across the desert prehminary to the battle of Tel-cl-Kebir, 1882, in which he was mortally 
wounded' (Burke's Family Records). 



To return to the main line of Fcttcrcsso. 

As already stated, owing to the failure of male issue of Robert, eldest 
son of the Colonel, the estate of Fetteresso passed at his death, in ISGl, to 
his nephew, RonERT William, only son of his second brother Arthur, who 
liad assumed the name of Abercromby on taking possession in 1833-1834 of 
his mother's estate of Glassaugh. Robert William, who had hitherto 
been known as Abercromby, reassumed the name of Duff. Born in 1835, 
educated at a private school at Blaekheath, he entered the Navy 1848, and 
became a Lieutenant in 185G, retiring as a Connnander in 1870. Served 
principally on the South American station in suppression of the slave trade. 

He married, in 1871, Louisa, daughter of Sir W. Scott, Bart., of Ancrum, 
and had seven children : 

1. Helen Abercromby, 1872; unmarried. 

2. Robert William, 1873. Present owner of Fetteresso and Glas- 
saugh (having sold C'ultcr in 1909). 

3. Arthur Abercromby, 1874 ; Major of 3rd Battalion (^lilitia) 
Gordon Highlanders ; Vice-Consul in Abyssinia 1900. War service in 
Somaliland 1903-1004; mentioned in despatches, medal and elasj). 

4. Heather Mary AiiRRCnoMiiY, 1875 ; unmarried. 

5. Isabel Abercromisy, 1877; married, in 1004, Ronald Malcolm. 
Three sons : Colin, 1905 ; Kenneth, 1908 ; Alexander, 1910. 

G. Dorothy Abercromby, 1879 ; unmarried. 

7. Patrick Abercromby, 1881 ; first commission in the Royal 
Highlanders (42nd), .January 5, 1901 ; Lieutenant, 1903 ; retired on half- 
pay, August G, 1910 ; served in South Africa, Queen's medal and live 
clasps ; Mohmand expedition, 1908, medal and clasp. 

After his leaving the Navy, and his marriage, Robert William Duff of 
Fetteresso chiefly resided there. He took a very active part in the Scottish 
Fishery questions and the closing of the Moray Firth to trawlers. From 
18C1 to 1893 he represented Banffshire in Parliament, being re-elected 
three times. Until 1885 he was never opposed, and he succeeded in 
retaining the seat even in 188G during the Home Rule split of the Liberal 
Party, having a majority of 1899 in a poll of 3937. He served as Junior 
Lord of the Treasury and Liberal Whip from 1882 to 1885, and as Civil 
Lord of the Admiralty in 188G, Privy Councillor in 1892. 

Li 1893, he was appointed by Mv. Gladstone's Government Governor 
of New South Wales, and at the same time made a (i.C.RLG. He died 
during his tenure of this ofllee in 1895. 

Robert William, his son, born 1873, was educated at Eton and Brasenose 
College, Oxford, was a Lieutenant in the Forfar and Kincardine Artillery, 
and is a D.L. for Kincardineshire. He was A.D.C. to the Governor-General 
of Australia in 1900. 




)i;i;U'r DI'I'F, one of the younger ro 
ulen Dufr, ilmiglitcrof lirst Lord Fife ; 
I and widow of Ca|jt 

jf I'atrick of Craigoton, liorn 
.aecondly, 1781, Jean, d.iugl.l 
, deorge Aloriuou of lladtlo. 

mi 1721, died 1787, 

r of Ucncial AlK'rcroml>y of GlaBBaugli, 

Jean, born 1765, 
m. James Clerk 
of Honnington. 

Robert Williani 


ra. Blarv Moriao 

" I 

Another child 
born 1771, 
died young. 

Robert, Geo: 

17;W-lS(;i, 1791- 

M. JI. Namont. o.s. 

Marie Albertine, 

m. Tliomaa Fraser Duff, 



Arthur, Helen, Adam, Thomas 

1797-1855, 1798-1810. 1800-1870. Abercromby, 

1. E. Innea. (Table A). 1802-1862. 

I (Tabic B). 

Herman Galton. 

Robert William, 

m. Louisa Scott. 

Margaret G., 


m. Colonel Lyon 

Helen, Robert W., Heather, Isabel, Patrick, 


Adam Duff, m. Eleanor Fraae 

,. M. A. Duf 
See above. 

Robert W., 


m. i;. Jta.xse 

Mary A., Jane Clerk, George G., 
1833-1848. 1831. 1835-1878, 

m. Mary Kayll. 

m. Robert Law 
Robert, 1906. 

George G., 


. L. Beechcroft. 

AV. Kayll. 

Eleanor T., 
m. Glynn Turqu 

William Allen, 

m. Mary AUsen. 

Two children. 

Tliomas Abercromby Duff, m. first, Mary Gordon, 

TABLE i;. 

ee cbddren ; m. 6C' 

Robert W., 

m. M. G. Macbean. 

Alexander Gordon, 

m. Eliza l-hillins. 

Alexander, Roliert, Mary, Margaret, Blanche, George, 

1857, 1858. 1860-1875. 1863. 1865-1910. 1S67-1902. 

i.K. Macbean. 

> cliildren (Tabic C). 

A. O., Arthur A. M., 

I, 1874, 

Howard, m. Margaret Rawson. 

Children of Thomas A. Duff's second marriage. 

Thomas Abercromby. Adam, 

1833-1857, 1835-1865, 

o.s.jj. m. Maria Stieler. 

George Gordon, 

born 1S40, 

ra. Margaret Leydccker. 

John Charles, 
.■giua Laudenheimer. 



This family had its oriiiin in John Duff of Bowmakellach, born lG'2-t, 
second son of Adam of Llunybcg, whose history is thus given by Baird : 
' He was a very brave young man, and joined Montrose soon after he set 
up his standard ; ^ he got a commission and was the Marquis' close 
companion in all his marches and warlike expeditions. The house of 
Castle Forbes was committed by Montrose to his custody, and he kept a 
small garrison in it and defended it against all the power of the Forbescs, 
who were then mostly Covenanters, all the time the Marquis was in arms, 
and half a year after he was gone abroad, and never surrendered it until 
he obtained an honourable capitulation for himself and his men. He then 
retired to his farm, upon which he lived and died, and applied close to 
agriculture. But when he heard in IMarch 1G50 that his old General was 
landed in Caithness, he went directly to him. Everybody has heard of 
that heroic nobleman's defeat by Colonel Strachan, and his being soon after 
treacherously betrayed in his concealment, by a gentleman of that country 
(Maelcod of Assynt). Bowmakellach was taken, lurking in that neigh- 

Probably at Elgin in 1645, when Lord Gordon and many Huntly vassals joined the party. 

) . 





Margaret Kennedy 


m. Stewai 
of Busli. 

■ Corsmilae, 1G7H-17U2, mcrcliant in Banff, 
died 172:3 ; m. secondly, Magdale 

1 of Adam of Clunybeg, 

m. lionnvman 

liam of Corsindae, 1714-1 
3. 17-13, Kathcriiio Gordo 
of Carnousie, died 1753. 


rohn Stuart. 

Magdalen, 1744.1778, 


m. 17C3, John Dingwall. 




William, Arthur, 


17lil. 1707-1777. 

of lir.ickh'iv, 

,lohn William 


17lK.. 17U1I. 

m. Mary 



John Duff Dingwall 

(assumed name of Duff 

in 1833), 1315-184(1, 

ni. Fanny lirydgcs. 



1 1 

William, Ai 

1740-1833, Miwi 

m. Charlotte Cath 

Innes, died 1847. all c 


Catherine, Tw 
1770-1817, Ijoni 

d 1810 

Margaret Milne, 

m. .Kihn Grant 

of Kinrardiuc 


Patience H., 1808-1874, 

n. first, 1824, Captain J. Rcid ; 

secondly, 1841, Jo.-^eph K. .Sterrit; 

assumed name of Duff, 1844. 


Klizabcth Mary, 1835-1850, 

18,08, Dr. I'vlfe, 5th Dragoon 


K., 1850, suececde 

■ gra 


bourhood, being discovered in the same perfidious manner.^ The prisoners 
were all carried south to be hanged, by dirfcrent roads, for the sake of 
provision and forage for the horses. John Duff was brought luckily 
through the Cabrach (while his leader was taken to Keith),- where he 
had a grass room or summer shcaling, at that time ' in tack,' ' and 
was perfectly known and well acquainted at the public-house where 
they lodged. Here he got some ojjportunity of giving a hint to the 
landlord to ply the common soldiers (of whom there were only half 
a dozen for his guard) well with usque,'* while he himself took care of 
the officer who staid in the same room with him. And after he had got 
a sufficient dose and was fallen asleep, Mr. Duff left him, and knowing the 
avenues of the house, went straight to the stable to take out his horse. 
But here he found an unforeseen obstruction. One of the soldiers was 
sleeping before the door to keep it close, as it had no lock. In this dilemma 
Bowmakellach, having no time to lose, cut the unhappy fellow's throat 
with his penknife, then dragged his dead carcase aside and took out a horse, 
but being in the dark, instead of his ov,t\, it happened to be one of the 
soldiers' horses. He immediately mounted, but had not gone a great 
way when he heard the sound of horses' feet in pursuit of him. This 
made him leave the high road and turn off towards the nearest wood, in 
hopes of making his escape there ; but before he had got to it, daylight 
appeared and discovered to him that the horses all wanted riders, and were 
only galloping after his for company. Upon this he bent his course 
straight down to Buchan by the most private and least frequented by- 
roads, with all the soldiers' horses following him at the heel. He was 
very safe in that country where the loyal party had many well-wishers, and 
sold all his horses. He never left the kingdom, as his brother Keithmore 
had done four years before, but lived privately at home till the executions 
at Edinburgh were all over. His residence was in a loyal, well-principled 
country where he was much liked ; nobody informed against him, and in 
two or three years after, General Monk got the command of Scotland from 
Cromwell, and the Loyalists met with no I'urther disturbance, besides 
Bowmakellach had then no landed estate, nor any considerable stock in 

' ' Jolin Duff of Baulmakellach and Corsindac, a bold daring man, taken prisoner by the 
Covenanters. Would certainly have perished on the scaffold, if he had not contrived to make 
his escajx; from an escort of soldiers, who were conveying him to Edinburgh for trial." 

• It will be remembered that on January 30, 1645, General BaiUie offered battle to Mon- 
trose at Keith, but the victor of Auldearn declined it and passed on. In 1650 he revisited 
Keith as a prisoner. In 1745 Major Glasgow, acting for Prince Charles, defeated a body of 
government troops here, and carried off eighty prisoners. 

' i.e. Let. •> Whisky. 


money or other cffcets to tempt tlie avarice of the Covenanters, and so 
was less minded.' 

He married a merchant's daughter at Elgin by the name of Isobel 
Pringle, by whom he had one elder daughter Isobel, married to Stewart of 
Bush ; and two sons and two other daughters. John, who married 
Margaret Kennedy ; AnA^r, mortally woimded in a skirmish in Aberdeen ; 
Margaret, married to Bonnyman of Ilillockhead, and another daughter 
married to Melntosh, a merchant at Inverness, by whom she had Laehlan 
Mcintosh, an ofQcer of that clan under Prince Charles in 1745, who went to 
France after the battle of Culloden. He was married, in 1738, to Catherine 
Donaldson, daughter to Thomas Donaldson of Kinnairdy and Elizabeth 
DulT of Dipple,^ his own second cousin once removed. 

' Bowmakellacli a[)plied himself particularly to cleanse his neighbour- 
liood from houscl)reakiis and lliievcs, and all sorts of raganuUTans whom 
lie seized and deliveri'd to Justice, wherever he could find them, which got 
him the appellation of Rinse the Glen, but in this ])atriotic employment he 
frequently ventured his life.' Bowmakellach's eldest son, John, had one 
son, ' the late jA:\rES of Corsindae, born 1G78, who acquired a genteel 
fortime with as much and as honest industry as any man ever did ; he was 
of so active and stirring a spirit that he used to say it was hard that a man 
who lived but sixty years should sleep twenty of them. Yet he was a most 
liospitablc, kind housekeeper, and it will be acknowledged by all who 
knew him, that no man had a more friendly or warmer heart to everybody 
with whom he was connected, or whom he thought deserving of his friend- 
ship. He was born in 1678, and came to Banff in 1700, where he lived 
alwise afterwards, except a few years at Crombie and at Corsindae." He 
was a merchant and traded to a pretty considerable extent, and had for 
several years a tack of Lord Fife's salmon fishing upon Devcron. He 
also acted as factor for Lord Fife. When he merchandised, he would 
sometimes go to Edinburgh, Glasgow, or other seaports in the south or 
west, where his business called him, and in going and returning from these 
expeditions made such despatch as was really incredible ' (Baird). 

He was twice married, first, to a gentlewoman of the name of Anne 
Cumming, by whom he had one daughter and four sons : Margaret, 1712 ; 
William, 1714 ; David, 171G ; vVlexander, 1719 ; and Joun, 1721 ; ' and 
next to Magdalen, daughter to his great-uncle. Provost Duff of Inverness, 
but had no issue by her ; she died in 175G ' in an advanced age.' His 

' See chapter viii. 

2 Which was bought in 1727 from the Forbes by William Duff of Braco. See letter at end 
of chapter. 

^ Banff Registers. 


(laugliter Margaret, wlio also lived to I)e ninety, was twice married : first, 
to Mr. George Milne, by wliom she had one son, James I\Iilne, a merchant in 
Norway, who married his cousin, a daughter of Gordon of Farskane, and 
had issue, Margaret Mihic, who in riglit of her grandmother Helen, suc- 
ceeded to the estate of Eden ; and, secondly, to John Stewart of Banff. 
' Both her husbands were Supervisors of Excise.' 

James Duff of Corsindac died August 21, 17G2, aged eighty-four.' 
' His death made a great blank at Banff, where he was a sort of bank to all 
in distress ; for he was still ready to advance money to industrious honest 
tradesmen and housekeepers when they were in any dilFiculty, and would 
frequently trust men whom very few others would ; so tliat when he died 
he had about £.300 sterling lent out in this manner to very poor people, 
all from mere humanity and constitutional benevolence. Wherever he 
lived, his advice was alwise of great use to his acquaintance in the manage- 
ment of their private affairs. He was a few years factor of the estate of 
Echt, which is near to Corsindac, for Loril Fife, and lies in a part of the 
county where good husbandry seems to be still in its infancy, and the 
farmers upon it, who were then very poor, acknowledge to this day that 
he would put them frequently upon methods of making money which Mxre 
in their own power, l)ut which they would never have thought of ' (Baird). 
He was also long remembered in Banff as liaving been the first to intro- 
duce wheeled caits into that town. " 

His eldest son, Willtam Duff of Corsindac, born February 21, 1711, 
married, in 174.3, Catherine, the eldest daughter of Arthur Gordon of Car- 
nousie. 'Jliere arc two portraits of this lady at Corsindac, one as a young 
girl, the other in later life. She died in 17.53. There is also a portrait 
of this William Duff of Corsindac, another of his son, the second William, 
and a delightful portrait of old James of Corsindac, of which there was a 
duplicate in the collection at Duff House, and another in the possession of 
the Grant Duff family. 

Bninl adds that ' she died in 1753, and though William Duff was then 
but a young man, he has lived unmai'ricd ever since for the sake of his 
children, to all whom he has given the best education. He resided several 
years at Edinburgh on their account, and taught his daughters the French 
language himself. The eldest is married to Mr. ,Tohn Dingwall, junior, 
merchant in Aberdeen, and they have a promising young family.' 

William Duff is known to have had strong Jacobite sympathies, and 
tradition says that he started out with the Prince's I'orces, as did also 

' ■ At his house in Banfl in an advanced age, and with a fair {i.e. unblemished) character ' 
{Aberdeen Journal). 



- H-^r 


/?// Ca-.m,i Alr.umJ,: 


his father-in-law, Gordon of Carnousie.^ But tlie proverbial caution of 
the Duffs brought William home again before he had entirely committed 
himself, and he returned to Corsindae uneomproraised ; so was therefore 
able, also according to tradition, to conceal there a friend who was a fugutive 
after Cullodcn. In Lord Rosebery's List of Persons concerned in the Rebellion 
(1745), the following passage occurs : ' Aberdeen district. — Francis Gordon 
of Kincardin Miln, Writer, Aberdeen, acted as General Quarter-Master to 
the Rebels, lurked afterwards in the Highlands.- Did not long survive the 
campaign, as his Will, subscribed at London, Oct. 174G, was soon after eon- 
firmed at Aberdeen. He bequeathed his whole personal estate to William 
Duif of Corsindae and Alexander Chambers of Belnacraig for the use and 
benefit of his only son, Hugh Gordon, then an infant. Personalty was 
chiefly debts due to him by various parties, chiefly Jacobite.' The 
room in which Francis Gordon was concealcil, and the opening by which 
food was conveyed him, are still shown at Corsindae. 

The second son David died as an infant, and is Ijuricd with his mother 
in I?anff old churchyard. 

■ Ilic jaeet Anna Camming, uxor Jacobi l^uff in hac urbe mcrcatoris una 
cum filio Davide obiit hie 10 Nov. 1719. Ilia autem 17 .^lar. 17-_'2.' 

Either this Williajn Duff or his son, the second William, added 
to the family mansion of Corsindae (jiortions of which date from the 
time of Bruce), and strengthened the existing portion by the addition 
of three imposing pillar-like buttresses, to ensure, as he said, that his house 
should not blow away. 

William died in 1797. He had three sons and four daughters : 

Magdalen, called after his stepmother, born 1744. ; married John 
Dingwall, and wi!l be referred to later. 

James, born 1745, died young. 

Arthur, 1747-1779, a doctor.' Many interesting medical works be- 
longing to him are at Corsindae. He appears on the roll of voters for 
Morayshire in 1772, so must have held, at least nominally, some small 
property there. ^ 

William, 1749-1833, who succeeded to Corsindae. 

Anne, 175()-18'25 ; Maugaui:t, 1751 ; and Catherine, 1753, died young. 

> Afterwards among those excepted from the Act of Indemnity, 17.(7. See page 36S. 

- Also excepted from the Indemnity 17^7, with eighty other Scottish lairds, seven of 
whom were Gordons. 

^ There is a letter from his father to Lord Fife asking for help and advice for this young 
man who is going to Paris for his studies. 

* He had also sasine on the lands of Parkmore in Botriphnie, Banffshire, on September 15, 
1772, probably for the same purpose. 



Anne and Marourct lived lon/r at Corsindao in the early part ol' the 
nineteenth century, and were known as the ' ciisliie doos.' ' They are 
buried in the churcliyard ol' Blidinar. A sampler worked by Anne is still 
preserved at Corsindae. 

William of Corsindae married, in ISOO, Charlotte Innes of Clerkseat, 
but had no issue. He died in 1833, and the estate passed to his grand- 
nephew, grandson of his sister Magdalen. His widow, however, seems to 
have continued to reside at Corsindae during the greater part of the four- 
teen years slic survived him, though she died in Russell Square, London, 
February 1847. 

There is a precept of elare-constat liy yVlexniider, Duke of Gordon, 
dated February '2'2, 1798, in favour of AN'ilJiain DulT of Corsindae as heir 
to his fa11ur,"the deceased William DiHT of Corsirulae ; au<l a record 
of an earl\' sasine by James of Corsinilai' and A\'illiani his son in faNoiir 
of jNIagdalen, daughter of William, and failing her of I\rargaret Duff, 
daughter of James DulT, and sister to William, and of James Mill (sic) 
son to the said Margaret Duff. It was this James Milne who married the 
Jean Cordon of Farskane, and whose daughter subsequently became 
lieircss of Jvlen, and mother to James Cuninghame Grant Duff. It is 
thus that the Grant Duff family appeared in the entail of Corsindae, broken 
in 1883. The following table shows the coimeetion : 

Alcxaiulcr of Xfithinoro. 


John of IJowm 


Alexamk-r uf Ericu. 

(Fir:it cousins. 
(Second cousina 


.) Wil 

James of Gor 


sindae. , 

m. W. Gorduii of Farskane. 

lliam of Gorsindae. 

m. George Milne. 

William Gordon. 
m. Margaret Duff of Crombie. 

(Third cousins. 


James Milne, 

Jean Gordon, 
m. James Milne, her third ecus 


iMargarct Jlilne, 
m. John Grant. 


I.ui^aut Milnolluir, ui. J.jhn G 



Cuninghame Gra 

Magdalen, the eldest child of the first William Duff, married Mr. John 
Dingwall, junior, of Aberdeen, a prominent nu-reliant of that city, who 
introduced woven stockings in Hh: norlli. ' Jle was Dean of (iuild of 
Aberdeen, and a man of great prohily and worlli.' They lind ten eliildren : 

William, born 170 t, and John, born 17(i.-,, l)olh died as infants ; Artinn-, 
born 1707, and dieil 1777 of some childish eom|)laint; a second William, 
born 170!), u.s.p. ; Jolin Dingwall, who in 1812 succeeded to Brueklay ; 

' Turtle doves. 


Alcxiindcr, 1771, died in llic West Indies ; Jnmcs, ]77.'3, o.s.p. ; Cilhcrinc, 
177*;, married lo \V. SLewarL ; and twins, horn 1778, who died May (J, u 
lew days alter their hirlh, as did tlieir niolher, and all three were buried 
in tlie same colIin ; their lather surviving only Hve^wceks, and dying on 
June 10. 19i2<<t>l 

John, the fil'tli son, married Mary Gordon of Abcrdour, whose mother 
was a daughter of William Rose of Ballivat.^ lie was bred to the business 
of his great-uncle, another John Dingwall, as a jeweller in St. James Street, 
London, and succeeded that uncle in the estates of Brucklay, vVbcrdcen- 
shire. He died in 1833, leaving one son, christened John Duff, and a 
daughter j\Iary, who died as a child. 

The son John succeeded in the same year to the estates of Brucklay 
from his father, and of Corsindae from his grand-uncle; he was then 
eighteen, having been born in 1815. I^itlle is known of him, sa\e his 
tragic end. 

On November 11, 1810, the following appeared in the Aberdeen Journal : 

' Suicide of i\Ir. John Duff Dingwall. — Tlie deceased had arrived at the Bush 
Inn, Carlisle, by the Edinburgh Mail, accompanied by his manservant, on the 
evening of Sunday, 25 Oct. He seemed nervous and depressed and retired to 
bed late. At eight o'clock next morning the servant went to call his master, 
could get no answer to his knocking, and with the assistance of the landlord, 
forced open the door and found Mr. Duff Dingwall lying upon the bed with his 
throat cut, and one of the razors from his dressing case grasped in his right 
hand. A verdict of suicide wliile labouring under temporary insanity was 

But this case would seem to have been the prototype of Zangwill's 
Big Boia iMynicrij, for the manservant, long afterwards, confessed that he 
had murdered his master for a sum of £500 which he carried Avith him, and 
which was, of course, unknown to the coroner's jury, who reported his 
money and valuables as found intact in his dressing-case. The confession 
was made by the culprit on iiis ileathbed, in America, whither he iiad fled, 

1 This Mary Gordon was the eldest of sixteen children. It is apparently to her father 

that Mrs. Grant of Laggan refers in Letters from the Mountains, October 1S02. ' Gordon of A 

has nothing extraordinary about him, but that at twenty-five he is married and has already 
four daughters," but she understated the case, as there would seem to have been at that 
period ^i/t' daughters and two sons. He was, however, thirty years of age and his wife twenty- 

William Gordon married Mary Kose of Montcotfer, January 2, 1794, and had : Mary 
(above), born February 6, 1795; Alicia, born March 19, 1796; Alexander, born April 22, 
1797; Penelope, born January 3, 1799 (m. Patrick Dulf of Carnousie, rj.v.); William, born 
January 18, 1800 ; Huntly, born May 13, 1801 (m. Captain Marshall) ; Magdalen, born January 
4, 1S02. 


jiiid tlie lawyer called to lake liis <lyiI1^' dciiosilioii was, curiously cno\if;li, 
a Scottish f^eutlcinaii of the name of l>uinsden, brother to the late i\lrs. 
Gordon of IMidmar, and near neighbour to Corsindac. An engraving from 
a charming portrait of John Duff Dingwall as a child, is still at Corsindac. 
He was buried in the churchyard of Christchnrch, Botchergatc, Carlisle, 
and a stone was later erected to his memory, bearing the following inscrip- 
tion : ' To the memory of John Duff Dingwall, Esq., of Brucklay Castle, 
Aberdeenshire, who died at Carlisle, October 26, 18-40, aged twenty-five 
years.' He had married a year or two previously, Fanny, daughter of 
Sir Hervey Brydges of Beddington, but she had predeceased him, and there 
were no children. 

Brueklay, being entailed in the male line, went to his third cousin, 
Arthur Dingwall Fordyce, grandson of Arthur Dingwall Fordyee of Culsli, 
Commissary of Aberdeen. 

Corsindac went to the ' heir of line,' his aunt Catiierixe, the only 
daughter of John Dingwall and Magdalen Duff. She hail married, in 1797, 
William Stewart, Master Commander in the Navy, but she could not take 
possession until the death of William Duff's widow in 1847, and, as her 
own death occurred in the same year, she never came to Corsindac. She 
died and was buried at Shcerness, but on her daughter succeeding to Cor- 
sindac, the body was disinterred and brought to the family burying-place 
at Midmar. 

Catherine and William Stewart had two daughters. Patience Hud- 
dart, born 1808, called after the wife of her great-uncle John Dingwall, 
and Elizabeth Anne, born 1809, who died in London, unmarried, in 1883. 

Patience married, in IS'ii, Captain James Keid, Royal Navy, and 
after his death, in 1841, she married again Joseph K. Sterrit, and in 18-11 
they assumed the name of Duff. 

They had an only daughter, Catiiekine Elizabeth Mary, born 1835 ; 
married, 1858, William Johnstone Eyffe, Surgeon-Major 5th Dragoon 
Guards. She died in the following year, leaving an infant daughter, 
Catherine Josephine Elizabeth, who, in 1S7-1-, succeeded her grand- 
mother in the estate of Corsindac, and is unmarried. 

It is not known when the estate came into the possession of this branch 
of the family, but it was at one time owned by tlie Forbeses, who sold it 
to William Duff, afterwards Lord Braeo, 17-'7.i 

' I, William Forbes of Corsenday Doc licrby give full power ^V.•^rrand and 
Commission to my Uncle Mr. Arthur Forbes, my factor, to sell and Dispose to 

' In the Sheriff Court Books of Aberdeen there is recorded one Alexander Duff of Corsindae 
in 1578, but we cannot trace his connection with the family. 


Mr. Duff of Braco all my land and Esteat of Corscnday and Bandodlc and others 
belonging to me with the pertinents lying in yc parish of Midmar and Kinarnc 
and Shcivfdon of Aberdeen, but not under ye price of twenty-two years purchas 
payable in Edinburgh at yc termc of Martinniass next to come and yc sd. Mr. 
Duff of Braco's entrie to comcncc at from Whitsunday last past, he paying yc 
said William Forbes interest at live pr. cent for ye purchas mony from yc time 
of his entrie to ye time of payment, and whatever yc said Arthur Forbes my 
factorshalldooin yc seall of my Esteat I oblidg my self e to abid byand Homologat 
and doe by this presens Impowcr him to enter into articles with ye said Mr. 
Duff of Braco for completting this agrement which I oblidg my sclfe to fullfill in 
ye terms above specifyed, and Will accordingly Dispone ye said Estaet in ample 
forme in witness whereof this presens ar wrot on stamped paper with my own 
hand and subscribe by me at my house of Badsley in ye Countie of Southampton 
the first Day of Jully one thousand seven hundred and twenty-seaven before 
these witnesses Jacob Adams and Arthur Fry boath of them my mencall 
servants. Wm. Fforbes. 

' Jacob Adams, witness. 

' Arthur Fry, witness. (i2.) 

'July 21, 1727.' 

' John Duff (the progenitor of the family) was always stilcd of Bow- 
makellach from a farm in Botriphnie, now a part of the Drummuir estate, 
but then belonging to the Inneses. It was Mr. Duff's residence all his life ' 


John of Bowmakellach was, according to Baird, twice married, viz. first to 
Isobel Pringle, and, secondly, to Margaret Kennedy, and this, at times, inaccurate 
historian would make James of Corsindac the son of the first marriage and .Jehu 
and Adam the sons of the second. 

The fact that James of Corsindac, born 1G78, appeared to be contemporaneous 
with the grandsons of his uncles, Alexander of Keithmore and William of 
Inverness, had long puzzled the present investigators. The question has been 
settled by the following discovery. 

In IGSl a visitation by the minister of Botriphnie, recorded by the kirk- 
session, gives the family at Bowmakellach thus : 

John Duff; Isobel "Pringle ; John Duff, Adam Duff, sons ; Isobel Stewart, 
daughter ; Janet Adams ; Donald Bain. 

The two last mentioned were presumably house servants. 

John Duff, senior, was at this period fifty-seven years old ; it is to be noted 
that his (so-called) first wife is still alive. It seems unlikely that after this he 
should have married another. Moreover, James of Corsindac, said by Baird to 
be the eldest son of John Duff of Bowmakellach, died in 1762, aged eighty-four. 


At, the lime of lliis visilalioii he was llicn'ron' llirrc yi-irs old. It was alim.sL 
uiiknowii in those days for u man's eldest son not to he h(jrn till tiic fal her was 
lifty-four. Moreover, Ji>lui and Adam, said to be younger brothers of James 
of Corsindac, are shown in the visitation to be grown men, for only such arc 
mentioned. Further, in the year 1685, and afterwards, William Duff of Inverness 
is always described in legal documents as second son of Alexander of Kcithmorc, 
which shows that John must have been dead by thai; time, for in 1672 William 
describes himself, in the Lyon Register, as third son. 

It seems, therefore, quite clear that it was John Duff, son of John of Bow- 
makcllaeh, who married Margaret Kennedy and had the son, James, born in 
1678, who was therefore grandson, not son, to Keithmore's brother. 

James of Corsindac is more than once described in deeds as Keithmore's 
grand-nephew, which was otherwise puzzling, but agrees with this. 

An extra generation, more than those allowed by Baird, must therefore be 
inserted in the Corsindac table. 

As proof that children were not mentioned in the parish visitation it may be 
noted that on the same page of the Botriphnie Kirk-Session Records the list is 
given of the household at Drummuir, and the names of the three daughters, 
Katherine, Mary and Helen, aged twelve, eleven and ten, do not occur. 

Note. — The portrait of John of Uowmakellach }iere reproduced was described in Lord 
Fife's catalogue as Jolm Duff of Muldavit. 

There is a portrait of his wife, Isohel Priiigle, also by Jamesone, which was reproduced 
in the Connoisseur of Oct. 190-t. 



Having now dealt with the two elder sons of Adam Duff of Clunybeg and 
llieir posterity to the present day, we come to the tiiird son, William, 
Provost of Inverness. 13ut as his family, in the person of his eldest son, 
Alexander, became identified by marriage with the old family of Drum- 
nmir, the rise of this family must first be traced. 

ALKXANDER DUFli' of ToitiaEsour. obtained charter 1545 on lands of Turrifsoul. 

died IBS'J, parson of m. Gordon m, 
m. Barbara Rowane. Kinoir. of Uaauch. 

. Gordon of Drumheid. 

1 1 1 
Margaret. Adam. Alexander of Torri( 
m. first, m. s 
I\IarKaret Irvine ; Christia 


ccondlv, w 

n LumMlen. 


A son, 

l.ence tlio Dull'a of Bade. 

Alexander, Adam of Urummuir, Margaret, 
died 1614. m. Jean Gordon, m. Fraser 
died 1G45. of Finzeauch. 


of Warthill. 

1 1 
Elizabetli, Job 
m. Adamson 
of Floors. 

1 I 1 
Robert, killed at Alexander Jean, 
Alford, 1645. of Invermarkie. m. J. Clialrr 



ler. m. first. W 

m. ..condly, 

ice, Margaret, 
-.Leslie; m. W. Sands 
T. Grant. 

Adam of Drun 
died l(i82 

The earliest Duff of this braneli known to us is Alexander of Torrle- 
soul, a burgess of .Aberdeen in l.")38, and a bailie in 1'>G(). 

A precept of sasine to him, with a wadset of Torriesoul,i dated 15-15, 
is extant,- also his will. In 1565 he was wilness to Lady Iluntly's granting 
a lease. She could not write. 

' The old name of tlio place now known as Iluntly. 

' Precept of sasine by George, Karl of Iluntly, for ir 
Aberdeen, and Hlizabeth Rullierford, his spouse, in tlic 
lying in lUc barony of Slrathbogic, 24th July 15.(5.' 

-■fting Alexander Duff, 
iun half of the lands c 

)urgess of 


lie married Elizabeth RutlieiTord, and died 15(JG ; lie Icl't four eliildren : 

1. Alkxandkk, who sueeeeded him in Torriesoul, and died 158!>. 

2. Jamks, M.A., a parson. ' Translated from Coul ; held Botarie 
(i.e. Cairney) in conjunction with Kinoir and Dunbcnnan from 1585 to 
1589.' 1 James apparently died in IGIO, as in that year a new minister was 

3. Jane, ' spouse to Patrick Gordon of Daaueh.' ^ 

4. Elizabeth, ' spouse to George Gordon of Drumheid.' ^ 
Alexander Duff lield the lands of Robeston, afterwards belonging to 

his descendants, Duffs of Bade. In his will, whieli was not proved until 
February 13, 1588, twenty oxen on these lands are mentioned, sixteen 
young stots and eighty bolls of oats sown. ' Upon ye ground and lands of 
Torrysoill ' he liad ' 10 drawin oxen, price of ye pcce or held £8. 
' 10 ky wt. yr. calffs, price of ye pecc wt. ye calf, ten merks. 
' 12 stottis and quoyis * of two and thre yeir aulds, price 5 merkis 
threttene scoir scheipe, price of ye pece, 20s. Ane bull, price 10 merks. 
Aucht wark horses 20 merks ye pece 80 geiss, price of ye pece £lO. 

' Item, sawin on ye ground and lands of torrysoill 5 scoir bollis aittes 
(oats), 20 bollis bere (barley), sawin estimat to ye feird,^ corne extending 
to 80 bollis." 

Ujion the ground and lands of Tulloteallum more oxen, horses and 
grain. ' Of reddy money in hous, the sum of 500 merks. 

' In utensils and domiciles wt. the abulzements ^ of his body and silver 
wark by ye airschipe ' estimat to five hundreth punds money. 
' Sum ma of the inventar £3376, 14s. 4d.' 

Another item of interest in the will is a debt due to him by Andrew Duff 
in Clunybeg of £12. The relationship of the two is not stated. 

Other debts to the deceased are : ' By Dame Elizabet Keyt (Keith),^ 
countess of huntlie, 80£. By the tennents and oeeupiaris of Jiis ludgeing 
in Aberdeen for yr maills » yr of the witsonday term in anno LXVI 
yeiris 40 merks.' 

In February 1589 a ' Testament dative and Inventar ad omissa ' was 
proved by his eldest son Alexander, who was probably out of the country 
at the time of the proving of the first part of the will.i" 

The second Alexanuior Dui-f of Torriesoul, wlio married Barbara 
Rowane, is only known to us IVom one entry in the iV/r// Council Records : 

• Dunbennan parisli was added to Kinoir about 1567. In 1725 the name of Huntly was 

' Alexander's will. ^ Ibid. * Queys. 

' Foiirtli. » Clothing. ' Inheritance. 

' Sister to William, fourth Karl Marischal. " Kent. 
'" He was posiibly fiigitate on account of horning. 


' 1.T8S : Alexander DiilT dl' Torricsoll, ane ol' llic corniptil facliDn, sclioli' 
iiiul (liscliargit aiic pislollcl lorLlt of the said house aL James l,t:she' ; and 
I'urther down, 'Caution, that certain persons shall be harmless, ineludinjf 
Alexander Duff.' 

He was also witness to a charter in 1581.^ 

lie died in the end of the year 1589. Ilis wil'c, Barbara Uowane, 
havinrr predeceased him in 1587. 

From her will we learn that there were at that time three children : 
]\LvRGARET, apparently unmarried ; Adam, of whom nothing more is known 
(and who must therefore have died in the interval between his mother's 
making her will in 1587, and the death of his father in 15S9) ; and Alex- 
ander, who succeeded as the third laird of Torriesoul. There must also 
have been another son, the ancestor of the Duffs of Bade, younger than 
Alexander, Adam being older. 

The following list of ' dcttis awin be ye dcid ' must be given in full : 

Item : was awin be ye said umqll barjjara Rowane and hir said spous lo James 
Nichole merchand burgis of Edr. for wync lie Xb lib. 

Item : to James Setoun burges of Aberdein for wyne and mcrchandice 1 c LX Jib. 

Item : to yc crie of huntlic and his factors and chalmirlanes for his ferins and 
dcwtics of ye ground of linzcauch and nickill Abircatic restcn anc yeir 
11 c XL lib. 

Item : to Mr. James Duff minister and parsonc of ICynnoir - 1 c lib. 

Item : to Wm. Loremure burges of Aberdein LX lib. 

Item : to Jlagnus Duff jt XL lib. 

Item : to Andro Durn litster ^ for litting elayt and plaidis LIIII lib. 

Item : to Alcxr. Bisset for his lie X lib. 

Item : to Ingramet Andcrsone for his fie XII lib. 

Item : to George fuller for his fie VIII lib. 

I Inn : lo Issobcll Skynner for hir fie IIII lib. 

Summa of ye dettis awin be ye dcid IX c XXVIIII lil). 

The third Alexander of Torriesoul married, first, Margaret Irvine of 
Drum, the mother of his three sons and three daughters ; and, secondly, 
Cluistian Lumsden. 

In 1597 we find noted the ' Horning of Alexander Did'f of Torriesoul, 
burgess of Aberdeen.' He died in 1G0G-1G07. He is witness to a precept of 
clare-constat granted by George, Marquis of Iluntly, August 21, 1(J01.' 

' Reg. Mag. Sig. • Her brother-in-law. ^ Dyer. 

• And in the Calendar of State Papers he appears in 1594 as acting for ' his Master, the Earl 
of Huntly, wlio refuses to satisfy the demands of the Kirk.' tluntly was the liead of tlie Koman 
Catholic party in the North. He was created Marquis in 1599. In 1601 George, Marquis of 
Huntly, and Adam Duff, apparent of TuUynesle (a mistake for Torriesoul, sonielinies called 
TilliesouU), were made burficsses of Dundee {Burgess Ivoll). 


His cliildrrn were: Ali^xan'okr, wlio ]irc(lecc;isc(l Iiim ; Adam, wlio 
succcodcil to Toniesoul ; John, a goldsmilli, rcsicliii^f in Cullcn, 1013, wiio 
had several sons (WirxiAM, horn 1G30; Anukew, born 1G3G ; George, 
born 1G37 ; Alexander, born 1638 ; and John, born 1639). 

And three dauojiters: (1) Margaret, married to Adam Fraser of 
Finzeauch, son to Fraser of Durris.^ Margaret's father had a Avadset from 
Lord Huntl}^ of the hinds of Finzeauch {Gordon Castle Charters) in 1590, 
and possibly made it over to young Adam Fraser as her tocher (dower). 
(2) Mary, married to George Lesley of Warthill. (3) Elizabeth, married 
to James Adamson of Floors. 

Adam Duff, fourth laird of Torriesoul, jiarted witli that estate very 
early in life. It was subsequently held by his first cousin, James Duff of 
]iatle, 1G17, and by 1G27 hatl passed to Gordons, while Adam bought from 
the family of Anderson the estate of Wester Ardbrack, by which title he 
was known until his purchase in 1G21 from llobert Inncs of Balvenie of tlie 
estate of Drummuir. ' Adam Dufl' of Wester Ardbrack, infel't in Drum- 
muir, February 3, 1G21.' ^ 

He married Jean Gordon of Abergeldie, daughter of tlie Chancellor of 
Moray, presumably in the year 1G07, as in November 20 of that year there 
is a contract of wadset between the Marquis of Iluntly and Adam Duff 
of Torriesoul and Jean Gordon his spouse ' on tlie lands of Ckmybeg, 
jMilntown, miln and milncroft of Auehindown, Wester Keithmore and 
Smythstone, redeemable on the payment of £2000 in the Kirk of Dun- 
bennan.' All these lands were subsequently held bj^ the other Adam Duff, 
one of the younger sons of ' Mr.' Jolm Duff of Muldavit, and father of 
Alexander of Keithmore, l)ut tlie date of the transference is not known, 
though Baird gives it (with several manifestly inaccurate details) as 1G27 
or 1G28. 

Tjiere are two sasincs to Adam Duff of Clunybcg, one registered Jime 14, 
1G3C, of the town and lands of Over and Nether Pitglassie and Auchin- 
handoch,^ and the other registered February 2G, 1010, of the town and lands 
of Auehinhandoeh,'* but to which Adam these refer does not appear 
(though it would seem more likely to be Adam, father of Alexander of 

' ' Alexander liad one daiigliter, who married Fraser of Diirris, whose son was Sir Alex- 
ander Fraser, physician lo Charles ir. Alexander I'Vaser's daughter was the Coiinless of Peter- 
boro, whose daughter was the JJucIiess of Gordon ' (Baird). 

Adam Fraser of IJnrris married a daughter of ' a rising sett of people just beginning to grow 
lip to be a family, viz. Duff of Drummuir ' (Macfarlanc's Genealogical Collertiovs). 

» Drummuir pa]iers. Adam Dullof Wester ArdbraeU, served heir lo his father Alexander, 
and his deceased brolhcr Alexander, yonnijcr, in a property on the west side of the C.iiest-row, 

^ I'uiiylh tiooh of JSanffihire Sasincs. " Ibid. 


Kcillmi(.rc). In llir /V/V// Coinirll Rnll of IMiiKjuviils lor KiM, A(l;im 
Dufr of J)rmniiuiir ;in,l A,l,-iiii DiilT oF yXucliiiuloiin, wIk. niusi, \h: llu- man 
known later as Clunybcji-, apptai' toycLlicr. 

Adam Duff of Drummuir had already, in 1C37, bceii prosecuted for 
contempt of horning [Privy Council Records), though lie also appears in 
the Kirk-Session Records of Botripluiic of 1G38 as an elder of that parish.^ 

He is also, in the year 1612, named as owner of the lands of Bowmakel- 
lach (which he bought from Lesley of Warthill) upon which jiropcrty John, 
second son of the other Adam UuiT, kno\vn as ' of Cluiubcg,' resided until 
his death. 

Adam and Jean had two sons: (1) Robkrt, called 'the Gallant,' an 
ofliccr under Montrose, killed at the battle of Alford, three months before 
his father's death ; and (2) Alexander of Invcrmarkie, witness to a deed, 
October 3, 1627 (as Alexander Duff, filius legitimus Adami Duff dc Drum- 
nuiir)." And to another registered obligation, June 1.5, 1636. ' In the 
l)rescnce of the Lords of Council, appcaretl I\Ir. Tliomas .Sutherland, Advo- 
cate for Sir Robert Inncs, Knt., Baronet, and Adam Duff of Drummuir.' 
' Be it kenned to all whom it affairs Thomas Grant to have borrowed and 
received from William Grey, elder, burgess of Aberdeen, certain sums.' 
Alexander Duff, burgess of Aberdeen, witness.^ 

Ilis first wife was 15essie Gordon ; but he is not known to have left any 
children either by her, or by Isobel Robertson, his second wife. 

He also held Invcrmarkie in 1669, -which property, as well as the 
lordship of Balvenic had been licld, in the father's lifetime, by the elder 
brother Robert. And in 1671 he appears in the Prii'i/ Council Records : 
' Alexander Duff of Invcrmarkie, charged with harbouring l'a[)ists,' but no 
other details about him are forthcoming. 

Adam had also three daughters : Jean, married to i\Ir. John Chalmcr, 
minister of Gartly (Gordon Castle Charters), from whose son, Jlr. William 
Chalmcr of Gartly, Robert's son Adam borrowed money. 

Margaket, married, in 1627, to William Sanders, minister of Bellic ; 
and Beatrice, married, in 1025, to Walter Leslie of AVcstcr Galdwell, and, 
in 1631, to Thomas Grant of Thomlcnan. 

In 1642 she was a widow for the second time, for the Frivij Council 

• In i6i5 Adam Duff's name appears in the Burgess Koll of Aberdeen, am! he was after- 
wards appointed to act as bailie to the Marquis of Huntly in Badenoch, it being remarked 
that he was ' sent from the Scale wisp to the seat of Justice.' 

His castle of Torriesoul is mentioned as the place of the temporary imprisonment of Huntly 
in 163G (/Eneas Macphcrson's The Loyall Dissuiisiir). 

- In 1621 also he was witness to his father's sasinc o( Drummuir. 

3 Drummuir papers. Tins Ale.\ander alterwanls bouglit Sotkathe from Alexander of 
Keithnunc, Nosember 2, 1057 [Uunffs/inc Susiius). 

:i ... . ',.1^ 


Records .sliow the complaint of Adam J)ulT orDiummiiir ami 15ealrifc Duff, 
widow ol' Tliomas llraiit in Tliomicnan, aj^aiiisL Duncan (Iraiit and ollicis 
for contempt of horning. 

Of tlie son lloljci-t -\vc only know tliat lie held from his father the lands 
of Invcrmarkie and Towiemore, and that lie was instrumental in raising 
soldiers in Banffshire for the IMarquis of Montrose, whom he probably 
joined at the same time as his relatives, Alexander and John Duff and his 
two cousins, the Duffs of Bade (q.v.), when the Royalist leader was at 
Elgin in IGici. 

He married Eupham Lyon, daughter of John L}'on of Cossin, second 
son of the Earl of Strathmore and his wife Catherine Carnegie.' 

Robert Duff was killed on July 2, 1615, at the dearly bought victory of 
Alford,- and left an only son ADA>t, who succeeded to his grandfather three 
months later. 

The testament-dative of the goods and gear pertaining to Adam Duff 
of Drummuir, within the parochin of Botriplmie at the time of his decease, 
who deceased October 1G15, contains the usual list of ' oxen, ky, stirks and 
queys, wark horses, scheep, and bolls of bere and sawing oats.' The sum 
of the inventory is £11G6, 13s. 4d., and of the debts resting to the defunct 
£2030, 6s. 8d. " The debts due by the defunct amount to £237, 10s., and 
comprise feu-duties to the laird of Balvenic, £60. 

Parsonage and wooleragetoMr. Alexander Eraser, minister of Botriplmie, 
£150, 3s. 8(1. 

Service, men and women, £26, 13s. 4d. 

The debts deducted from the estate leave £1792, IGs.Sd. of what we should 
now call personalty, ' which being divided into three pairts is £598, 2s. 2d.' 

Presumably Jean (lordon was still alive and got one part, while the rest 
went to the grandson. 

Master John Hay, Commissioner of Moray, ratified, approved, and con- 
firmed this testament at Elgin on February 10, 1G46-1647. 

Adam DufI'' of Drummuir, only son of Robert the Gallant and Eupham 
Lyon, succeeded his grandfather Adam Duff, the purchaser of Drununuir, 
in October 1645, his father having been killed, as already stated, three 
months previously. 

' So that Robert was llius connected by marriage witli tlie great Montrose, through Mon- 
trose's wife, ' the fair Magdalen Carnegie,' youngest daughter of tlie first Lord Southesk, whom 
it will be remembered he married when only seventeen. 

- Where Montrose lost his friend and chief supporter in the north, Lord Gordon. Other 
officers in Montrose's army killed in this battle arc given by Spalding ' Mowat of Balwholly, 
near Turrill,' see chapter xvi., and ' Ogilvic of Milton of Keith,' see chapter ii. It is said by 
Wisliart that ' Mcmtrose lost not one common soldier in tins battle,' but it is well known tlial 
his personal following were all ' loyal gentlemen, who served as volunteers.' 


ol' liis yniiuiruUirr .Juliii J-yoii ol' Cossiii (liis iiiotlur l'',u)iliiiiii liuviii^,' 
remarried, within six months of his I'iitlicr's tkalh, W. Macphcrson of 
Delphour). At an early age he married Anne, daughter of John 
Abcrcromby of Glassaugh,! by whom he liad one son Adam, wlio died 
young, and three daughters, Katiii:iiine, JIary, and Helen. 

Ilis father appears to have hcl])ed the Royalist cause both with men 
and money, thus probably embarrassing the estate to some extent, and 
the inventory of the ' goods and gear ' of his grandfather shows some 
falling off from that of tlic earlier lairds of Torriesoul ; the lands of Robicson, 
Torriesoul, Bade, cte., had passed to a younger branch, and the wadset of 
Clunybeg, formerly held by the Drummuir family, had been redeemed. 
Adam appears to have raised money with the assistance of his father-in- 
law, 'Mr. John Abcrcromby,' to whom he became gradually more and more 
indebted ; there is a disjjosition of the whole estate granted to ' Mr. John 
Abcrcromby ' and Anna his daughter, dated October 25, 1G67, and another 
disjwsition in 1073 of the lands of Towiemorc from Abcrcromby to Adam 
Duff. About the year 1G70 he built the old house of Drunnnuir, now a 
farmhouse, and till recently a stone in it showed the following inscription : 
' Adam Duff and Anne Abcrcromby biggit this house and think no shcam,' 
together with the arms of the old family of Drummuir. He seems to have 
been a peaceable person and not concerned with public affairs ; he does 
not appear in the Privy Council Records of the period, nor in the Book of 
Ilornings, as do most of his predecessors. 

After the death of Anne Abcrcromby, tlic date of which is not certainly 
known, but is eonjcctincd to have been 1G71, as that is the date upon the 
stone bearing her own antl her husband's initials in ]3otri|ihnic churchyard, 
' A.D. : A. A. 1671,' he would appear to have gone into England, at least as 
far as Ncwcastle-on-Tyne, and there fell a victim to the charms of one 
Dorothy Lawson of that town, with whom he made a contract ol' marriage, 
dated July 21, 1679. Of this marriage there were no children, and nothing 
but trouble ensued. There are innumerable papers on the subject still 
preserved at Drummuir, including several copies of a petition over four 
yards in length, presented by Dorothy to the Lords of Session. John 
Lawson, her brother, had contracted to pay a tocher for her of £200 
sterling, and in consideration of this Adam was to allow her £17, 5s. per 
annum ' all the days of her life.' Neither part of the bargain was kept. 
It is further stated, in one of these pajK'rs, that the marriage took place 
when ' Adam was drunk.' 

Marriage contract dated October 30, 16O7. 


lie was obviously incapahlo ol' inana;^riiii^ his own ufraiis wilh any suc- 
cess, anfl in 1GS2 lie dictl, ' nolourly bankrupt,' anil leaving the lollowing 
curious will : 

' Tcstament-dalivc and Inventory of Adam Uuff of Drummuir, who deceased 

1C8'2, April 15, having made his will on the 11th. 
' 1 desire to be buried in the grave of my deceased wife in Botriphnie. I 
nominate and appi>int Mr. Jolm Abercrombie, my father-in-law, to be tutor 
testamentor to my children with full power to him during their pupillaritics with 
the advice and assistance of John Anderson of Ardbrack, James Anderson, ditto, 
Alexander Duff of Keithmore, Ut. AVilliam Chalmer, minister at Gartly,* Paul 
IMacphcrson of Knoekan, or any three of these. I desire that my eldest daughter 
Katherine, failing her my second daughter Mary, failing her my third daughter 
Helen, be espoused by one carrying the surname and arms of Duff, and that he 
may enjoy my estate and fortune with her, the said person so marrying being 
obligeable first to pay my just debts and to provide for the remanent children, 
by the advice of the tutors above mentioned. And because I have no con- 
siderable moveables in my possession at this time, there is no executor named, 
but the tutors can if tlity choose nominate any fit person to be my exeeutor- 

' I ordain that my domiciles be preserved and kept in tlie house and be in- 
ventoried and appreciate after my decease and be forth comend and divided 
among my children. I ha\e sequestered my papers and writes, except such as 
arc at Edinburgh, in the bowells of my hall to be preserved tJicrc until after my 
decease, and have delivered the key thereof to Jlr. John Abercrombie to be kept 
by him in case the Lord please to call me at this time, and if I should recover, to 
be given back to me. 

' Subscribed by Adam Dui'f. 

' Alexander Abercrombie, brother of Classaugh. 

' Thomas Duff, my servitor and Grie\e. 

' Peter Duff, lawful son to Keithmore [Pairick of Craigsion]. 
'April \M, 1682.' 

The eldest of tlie tlirce daugliters named in the will was only thirteen, 
and her marriage witli Alexander Duff, son of William, Provost of Inverness, 

' His cousin, son of his aunt Jean and Mr. John Chalmer, minister, first, of Invcravon, and 
then of Gartly. 

= Alexander of Braco was subsequently named executor-dative qua creditor to collect the 
debts due to the defunct, and gave in the following account : ' The said defunct had in his 
possession 2 horse, wcpoties of tlic defunct, estimate at 20 mcrks. ICxcresccnce of corn sown 
in crops or bolls at £4. Utensils and domiciles /loo. Debt to defunct George Gordon, lidin- 
glassie 800 merks.' Alexander Duff of Keithmore became bound and obliged for his son, 
for rendering a due account of above property, September 8, 1OS2. 


to whom she was contracted in ]G82,i did not taicc place for two years, and 
lliat of iier next sislei- lo James CiiLiihert in KJ.SO; hut in 1(;,S5 it was 
' thought (it that Kalherine, being now niariied, be served special licir, 
and tliis to be ratified by tlie others at their majority,' though in fact tlicrc 
was Httle save bad debts to which to be heir, and these were, in accordance 
with the terms of the will, taken over by the young Alexander Duff, his 
first cousin, Alexaniier Duff of Braco, being the nominal surety, though it 
is cx])ressly stated that ' J3raco did not provide anc shilling of money, but 
only gave his name.' 1'lie funds which thus served to reinstate an old 
branch of the Duff family, and at the same time enable the family of 
Clunybeg's third son to acquire a landed estate, were the product of the 
successful general merchant's business in Inverness. ^ Until such time as 
the three little girls were of marriageal)le age, or what was then so considered, 
they appear to have resided wth their grandfather Mr. John Abereromby, 
who had become, by their father's bankruptcy, the virtual owner of Driun- 
muir, and a very few weeks after Adam's death trouble began with ' jioor 
Dorothy Lawson ' (so described in one of her numerous appeals). The 
story, as abridged from the four-yards long petition antl other jxijiers and 
letters of the period, appears to be briefly this : Dorothy must have con- 
trived to make herself thoroughly unpopular with her husband's family, 
and, as her tocher was never paid by her brother in Newcastle, she was 
considered in the light of a bad bargain, and as such to be got rid of as soon 
as possible after the death of Adam. An opportunity was therefore seized 
upon in the month of May, when, according to her own accoimt, 'upon a 
Lord's Day, a month after her husband's decease, she, having gone out of 
the house of Drummuir in her " night dress " to visit a sick gentlewoman, 
before she returned to dress herself to go to church, Alexander Duff of 
ISraco and his father, Bailie Alexander Duff of Keithmore, with John 
Abercrombie, having come to the house when she was forth, as said is, did 
command Thomas Duff the grieve and others to close the gates upon her, 
and in anc hostel manner debarred her to enter therein, at all so much as 
to get out her eloaths, her papers, or other furnishings, and only a fortnight 
thereafter gave her out some of her wearing cloathes and no more, with her 
trunks broken up, all searched, all her papers taken out which contnined 
her jointure.' The two following letters confirnr her account : 

' In the marriage contract of Alexander and Katherine, William Duff of Inverness binds 
himself to ' free, relieve, and disburden the estate of all debts and dangers, encumbrances, in- 
conveniences, actions and others affecting the samen.' It is also therein provided that should 
Katherine die witliout issue within a year and a day of tlie celebration of tlie wedding, the 
estate of Drummuir should revert to the hands of Mr. John Abereromby for the use of the two 
younger girls, if William Duff of Inverness were first repaid all the money he had spent. 

- See nc>vt chapter. 


.'ilcxiindcr af Kcillunore to Juliii Abn-trdinhji of GUissiiui^h 

• Ki;iTiniuin:, Mai/ -Z'l, 108:;. 

' In my lionic coming uiion Sunday morninij, having occasion to meet ane 
evil whispering from here, revealed to me ane design betwixt Drunimuir's relict 
and Knoeken and [illegible]. And had seen ane pajier pass betwixt them, quher 
the relict was ad\ysing with him, whereby the relict disposes her right and 
interest of her jointure to Knoeken, and he to factor for her and that he should 
presently enter in the house and possessipn and take the assistance of his own 
friends and keep therein possession, whcrcupone I, hearing that the relict was 
without, advysed Thomas Duff to goe presently and possess himself and tak the 
assistance of my brother Bowmakellach and Alex, and Robert Grants and kcepc 
themselves in and the ladie withoute, until you send advysc and order, and 
withall I desyred my lirother to mak offers to the relict that she should ha\e her 
entertainment at this place, or to cause ane moving to the Milne of Towic until 
Thursday cam aucht days, or to loan her a horse and man to come to Glassa', 
an if she pleased to send in anie discret woman for her cloaths that she might 
have these out, or quhat she call'd for off them. If this seems good to you, to 
hold her out, an' that they kepe themselves in possession, send them your 
particular order thereanent as tutor, and write on her to Edinglassie as the 
sheriff to give their concurrence, but if it pleases you, they shall not want assist- 
ance and I gave order for their maintenance and I wrote a line to my son to brake 
oppen this Ij'nc and to wryte his opinion to yow. I entreate you make haist 
and despatch back the answer and neglec not nor sleight note this business, as 
it may turn [payer torn] and troublesome in removing them. Leaving all to 
your own consideration, entreating for the return on this night, for I must goe 
traveling, being that the Lord fforbes an me air meeting at the noone of to- 
morrow, and if you think after consideration your owne presence neccssarie and 
convenicntc you shal be waited upone be him quho is, sir, your affectionate and 
humble servitor, Alex. Duff.' 

Alexander of Braco to John Ahercromhy of GlassmtgJi, 
. ■ - sent zvith the foregoing 

'May 22, lCii2. 
' i\Iucn IIoxouKF.D, — You may peruse the above writen line and send your 
thoughts thereanent, ftn- the lady being neither [illegible] nor having anie interest 
nc legal title, I see little hazard in the matter for the suit in law, albeit the relict 
had ane infeftment in [illegible] lands, then the Manor Place, ye may upon C dayes 
warninge remove the relict from her possession of the manor place and in this 
land quhere she has neither infeftment ne title and being also without dower I 
supjDOse in the little matter of holding her out if you think hazard, send your 
return carriage express order for that effect and send the bearer this way, that 
I may know your answer thereanent and have your serious thoughts on the 


matter. Yc may understand all the hazard it can be, is an action at her instance 
of lhcC{)iincil,(iuIici-cshc has no legal title to herself, neither can she libel violence 
ne oppression and it will be favorable, considering her demolishing the house and 
furniture and abstracting the same and locking these within her trunk, and other 
prejudices committed by her. I think there may be little hazard, especially for 
the apparandors, she being a person irresponsible, and not able to make up the 
damages, also if you fear any hazard as might cause her proctor keep possession, 
he is not much to lose, and what can she prove if she was fixed out of the house 
whcrcuuto she had no right ne title ? 

' Advyse the matter and your servant, and let me know your return by the 

' My respects to your lady and the children is all, sir, from your cusin and 
servant, Alex. Duff.'i 

Dorotliy's account of her ejection ap]icars tlicroforc to l)e, in the main, 
true, excepting as to the presence of John Abcrcromby, wlio seems to have 
kept out of the business at this stage, tliough, as virtual owner of the estate 
of Drumniuir at the period, owing to the money he had advanced u]ion it, 
he was really the person most concerned in the question as to whether 
Adam Duff's widow had any claim upon Adam Duff's representatives. In a 
]japer docketed ' Answers for Mr. John Abcrcrombie to tlic complaint of 
Dorothie Lawson ' the case is thus stated : ' That tJic complainer was 
summarily thrust out wJien slic went abroad and not suffered to return, and 
her goods seized to the value of 4000 mcrks, that slie was barbarously 
used and no wearing cloathcs nor money allowed her to carry her home to 
her friends : It is answered that the complainer is malicious, and slic was 
used witli civility and kindness and kcepit until the term of Whitsunday 
upon the estate of Drummuir where her husband had no right, but only 
John Abercrombie, who was botli creditor and had the undoubted riglit to 
the estate and was grandfatlier to the children, and therefore could not but 
take ane anmeddling and ane care of the estate. Further, albeit this 
woman during the time she was in the house, had put away ane consider- 
able part of the plenishing moveables within and witliout the house, yet 
she had the confidence and the complaint to libel that slie was robbed, 
which was not so. She was given horses and all necessary means of de- 
parture. Her husband had no right to the estate of Drummuir, but did 
only possess the same Ijy attoleranec from l\Ir. John Abcrcrombie, his 
father-in-law, and the Lords of the Council liave no right to grant her 
aliment (for which she petitioned) out of the estate of Mr. John Abcrcrombie. 
If this were done it would be a bad preparation {i.e. precedent), and would 

' Drummuir papers. 


louse llic liinf,fcs ol' nil l;i\v, and |)njii(licc in.inv hiwliil ci-cdilors \vlio liave 
ndviuicrd inoiuy upuu surli srcunlirs. I'liilhcV, sli(' lihcls (u won! used I'or 
:ili kinds oi' Hilsc sLutciiiciils) llic csLatc l<> \h: ol' £S(H)() value, whereas it 
is notourly known not to be beLter than £1000 Seols.' The ' yVnswers ' 
of Mr. John Abercioniby continue in a tone of virtuous self-restraint. 
' We will not trouble your lordships with an account of the coraplaincr's 
conduct, both before and after marriage, but she has caused to her husband 
considerable debts both at Edinburgh and in the country, and also broke 
his spirit by profuse and riotous spending, partly here and jiartly at New- 
castle for pursuing her dower from her brother ' (unsuccessfully, it would 
seem). The defenders will let her have the benefit of her own dower, which 
she can get for herself ' more conveniently ' tlian they can, and they con- 
clude by saying that ' there is not the least colour, use, law, nor reason for 
any aliment out of the estate of Drumnuiir, belonging now to John Aber- 
crombie, who hath, moreover, kej)t and alimented the complainer until the 
term of Whitsunilay.' 

The petition of Dorothy, dated December 27, 1(500, repeats over and 
over again the terms of the settlement made between her brother, John 
Lawson of Neweaslle-on-'J yne, and her future husband Adam Dull, of 
which both contrived to avoid the fullilment. Adam Dull' went so far as 
to draw up, on October 11, ICSO, a bond of provision ^vhieh obliged him and 
his heirs forever to have infeft the persecutor (thus is Dorothy here de- 
scribed) and the bairns procreate betwixt them (but fortunately there 
were none) in the sum of £47, 5s. sterling yearly (S-l'J merks). This bond 
was duly signed and witnessed by John Anderson of Ardbrack, John 
Abercromby of Glassaugh, James Anderson of Westerton, Blr. William 
Chalmer, minister of Gartly, and William Gordon, writer ; was registered 
in Banff and shown to Dorothy, who gave it back to her husband, and now 
complains that it has been ' tint,' ^ or at least abstracted, by yVlcxander 
Duff of Inverness and Katherine his wife, eldest daughter of the unquU 
Adam Duff. It afterwards transpired (l)efore the date of the petition in 
1090) that the said bond of provision had never been registered in Edin- 
burgh, which omission Dorothy attributed to malicious hindering on the 
part of her enemies ; but it was stated, by the other side, to have been a 
deliberate act on the pai't of ' Atlam Dutr, the grantor, in whose hands 
said bond lay until he got the tocher, in case he were disappointed of the 
payment of it as, de facto, he truly was, and in that case he ordered the 
said bond to be destroyed, and liad not registered it until he should sec if 
he got his money, which condition did never exist.' Moreover, the de- 

' i.e. lost. 


renders slate tliat the ]icrsecutor ' did grossly abuse tlic said Adam Duff, 
in causing liini marry Iier wJieu he was drunk.' The hroliter and Iiusband 
of Dorotliy seem to have tried each to overreach tlic other, and, Ijetween 
the two, she came off badly. 

She describes hersell' in her ])ctilions as ' anc ])oor stranger having few 
or none to do Tor her in ane jniserable condition, through six years depend- 
ing at law and nothing brought to effect, miserable and rejected by all her 
friends who formerly supplied her with all her necessaries, and for what she 
had borrowed would now cast her into prison, and she, for want, might die 
in misery.' When she first brought her ease against the children and 
representatives of her late husband, she summoned a large munber of wit- 
nesses to ])rovc the existence of the bond and the intentions of Adam. 
These had, of course, to joiu-ney to Edinburgh to give their evidence, and 
some were stopped by evil weather and sickness and other delays, some of 
which she thinks were ' procured by the defendants.' She therefore 
]5ctitioncd the Lords for a new hearing, which caused the other side, in 
the person of Alexander Duff of Braeo, to protest against her ' frivolous 
false suggestions.' ' It is well known how litigious she is, and that her in- 
discreet ways led lier husband into great expenses, making needless journeys 
to England to see her kindred, etc., and that lie gat never a sixpence with 
her. The defenders, therefore, pray your lordships will not heed her foolish 
clamours, nor keep them in one continual play.' Dorothy was, however, 
permitted to call her witnesses again, and the Lords found that tlie existence 
of the bond of provision was proven, but its registration ' not proven ' ; 
they therefore refused to grant any commission to her, but ordained the 
.t200 ' resting ' to Adam Duff from her brother to be hers. The decreet in 
her favour bears date Noveml:)er 27, 1690. It is presumed that after this 
she retired to her native country, and was still alive in 1G93, when she 
assigned her rights to one Mr. Robert Eraser, who ' translated ' them to 
Alexander Duff in the same year. 

This first Englishwoman to enter the Duff family seems to have been 
somewhat unkindly treated, but that she was not above using the same 
methods as her brother and husband, the following letter to the former, of 
which she seems, curiously enough, to have lel't a rough copy at Drummuir, 
will testify : 

' Copic of the letter sent by the lady of Drummuir to her bmUuT in England. 

' Deah Brother, — This is to let you know that my husband dyed about the 
middle of this last Apryle, year '82, and his frcinds would have me to quit my 
elaiiu lo Drununcur for a thousand merk or thereabout, and cause I will not, they 
are striving to starve me out of the house. But I thought it my doutic to 


aaiiiainl; you .iiul my frrinds HisI, ;in(l lo lala: your advice in il, as for your 
dccluruLioii you yavr liini, o[ a bond you liadc in your liaiul of Lwo hundred 
pound sLcrling, it is, I assure you destroyed from my husband and lost long agoc 
and all other papers that can doc them good, so you need not fear, but if you can 
by the law assist nic by any means to recover my joyntour of them by any paper 
you have whereby you may force them, let mc know timely by anc letter. 
The tenncnts were swore and my Infeftment was taken and marked and allways 
compleated, saveing putting it wholly in the Register which parchment a frcind 
hath keeping for me, to show it was decerned by the Lords, and it may doe good. 
As you are bound in conscience, if you could, to helpe a stranger in such anc case, 
so I question not but much more you will help your sister, for the estate is able 
to bear twise as much. Send my brother Luke or some other freind to meet mc 
at Edbr: with your injunctions and assurance, for I will let you know when I 
am there. In the mean tymc let me know by ane letter the best way you can, 
wliat hartning you can give me or what you advyse is, and what I shall doe with 
myself, and add Counscll and all frcinds advyse to it. So, houping you will not 
fail to use all diligenec to let me know the best way you can, I rest. — Your most 
loving sister and servant, Dorotiiia Duff.' 

At the back oC the same piece of paper is a rough copy of a letter on the 
same subject addressed : 

'To I\Iy Lokd [whom, does not appear], — This is to let your Lordship know that 
my husband being dead, his tutors do seek to starve me out of the house because 
I will not quit my Joj^itor and take a thousand merks. Your Ldp being forth 
of the country I houpe for no redress but from your Christian charity to assist a 
stranger, since no frcinds near mc, by writeing a letter to my Lord lladdo in my 
favour to do my business for me, or whatever way your Lordship can befriend 
mc by commanding Glassa', for they have left nothing in the house to sustain 
me now, and would have me out of ye IIous. Because in so doing you will give 
me cause to pray alwyse all true happy nesse to you and j^ours, and oblige for 
ever to remain. — Your Ldps most humble and obliged servant, 

'DoKO. Duff.' 

(Much blotted, possibly with tears.) 

Besides Dorothy's own rough copy of the former letter, there is a fair 
(but not quite correct) copy in another hand, dated 1C93, and endorsed, 
' Missive Dor. Lawson to Mr. John Lawson acknowledging the destroying 
of Mr. Lawson's bond to Drummuir for £200 sterling.' 

The subsequent history of Dorothy Lawson is unknown. Of her step- 
daughters, Katherine, who married Alexander Duff of Inverness, will be 
treated of later. The second daughter of Adam Dull and Anne Aber- 
cromby, Mary, married, first, in IGSG, Alexander Cuthbcrt, merchant 
in Inverness, and liad one son James. She married, secondiv, Colin 


Camphcll of Dclnios, and luid six sons, Alexander Camjibcll ol' Dclnics, 
Hugh, Archibald, Lachlan, Colin and Charles, and five danohttTs : 

(1) Henrietta, married to Hugh Campbell, minister oL' Tilliemuir; 
(2) Catherine, married to James Camming of Dalshangie ; (3) Margaret, 
married to Andrew Ross, mcrehant in Tain ; (4) Anna, married to 
Alexander Peterkin, merehant in Forres; (5) Mary, o.s.p. 

Mary Duff was dead in 173G. 

The survivors of these children were discerned licirs to ' eorum Amita 
Helen Duff,' who died unmarried at Nairn in 1734, and was buried in the 
church at Calder. Nothing is known of her save an obligation drawn up 
on May 30, 1G82, to lie in the hands of Mr. John Abcreromby, her grand- 
father, and failing him in those of his son Alexander, whereby the future 
husband and father-in-law of her sister Katherine oblige themselves to 
find a sum of 2000 merks to educate and maintain her, until she be espoused 
to ane lawful husband. ^ Apparently this consummation was never reached. 

» Among tlic descendants of Mary Duff and her second husband, CoUn Campbell, at the 
present day is Jliss McGilchrist-Gilchrist, the genealogist. 




From this point the old family of Duffs of Torricsoul, which luifl been for 
three generations in jiossession of the estate of Drummuir, became merged 
in the family of William Duff, Provost of Inverness, and the new line of 
Duffs of Drummuir, wliich has flourished for five generations, may be said 
to begin. 

As has already been shown, the statement that the wife of Alexander 
Duff, the Provost's son, was the heiress of Drummuir, was only true in a 
very limited sense. Even Baird, while mentioning that Katherine, who 
was personally known to him, and whom he describes as ' a most hospitable, 
kind housekeeper,' ' alwise maintained that her Family was of an older 
standing than Jloldavid, which is a matter that only concerns thcinselves, 
and is not of the smallest consequence to them either,' adds ' the old estate 
of Drummuir is very inconsiderable in comparison of the Provost's fortune 
— perhaps not a tenth part of it, and his son who married the heiress made 
little or nothing by her ; for there were more debts and claims on the 
estate than it was worth. Cut the Provost left an opulent fortune to him, 
and also good estates to his two younger sons, Cowbin and jMuirtown.' 
In 1685 ' William Duff, Treasurer of Inverness, son of Keithmore,' had a 


sasinc of the lands of Kcitlimorc, Clunybcg,' etc. This was probably some 
airaiigement with his brother Alexander.' 

It is also recorded in a paper of this period that ' William Duff, Provost 
of Inverness (1692-1095, 1G99-1701, 1703-1700), was once bnrgess of lianil' 
and apprentice to John Gordon of Balmadc, merchant in Banff.' 

Baird's account of Provost William must be given in full : 

' Clunybeg's third son William, was a most Sagacious, mettled man, 
and became the most eminent merchant in the north of Scotland in his 
time. He lived at Inverness, was often Provost of that Burrow and had, 
for many years, and very justly, in a great measure the government of it ; 
for he studied the interest of the connnunily -^vith unwearied application 
and without regard to any person or party. And he was a kind patron and 
protector to all deserving young people. These excellent qualities made 
his death much regretted and his memory long revered at Inverness. 

' His nephew Dipple was a])prcntice, and afterwards partner, to the 
Provost anil Sir James ('alder, who were in company, and they three 
carried on, for many years, almost all the foreign trade benorth Aberdeen. 
The Provost made a great fortime with a fair {i.e. good) character. 

' He married thrice : first, in 1055, to Mrs. Christian Duff, eldest daughter 
of Alexander Duff of Kinloss, Town Clerk of Inverness. She died soon, leav- 
ing hiju only two surviving children, Alexander Duff of Drummuir, and 
Andrew. Next, in 1006, to Jane Lockart, daughter of Mr. Loekart, a mer- 
chant at Inverness, who bore him another son, James Duff of Cromby ; a son 
Adam, born 1070, who died young ; and five daughters,- of whom four were 
married : Mavy to Willianr Baillie of Dunain ; Catharine to Hugh Monro 
of Tcaninich, in the Shire of Ross (and the present Captain Monro is their 
son) ; Jean to William Gordon of Birkenburn, and had fourteen children ; 
Magdaline, who was thrice married : first to Cuthbert of Draikies, near 
Inverness, when she was not fully sixteen years old ; he died in less than 
half a year after their marriage. She married next Dr. Robinson, a 
])hysician at Inverness, son to one Provost Robinson of that place ; and 
lastly, to James Dufl of Corsindae. The iiJ'th daughter, Isabell, died un- 
married.^ The Provost married last Mrs. Jean Fraser, of the family of 
Daltalieh, sister to Mr. Robert Fraser, advocate, and widow of the Rev. 
Alexander Clark, minister of Inverness, but had no issue by her.* 

1 It was made after the dcatli ol the intervening brother John. See chapter xx., as this is 
one of the deeds in which William is described as second son of Clunybeg. 

' There were in reality seven daughters, and Baird has placed them in wrong order. See 
page 361. 

^ 'Janet Locldiart, spouse to William Duff, dcpartetl January i6, 1690 ' (Inverness Register). 

* There was one child, born lOyj, but it died young (Inverness Regisler). 


' Provost Duff was mi :itjrecal)le, lacrlioiis companion, and had a preat 
(leal of liuniom-' ' (Haird). 

IIo was a most successful man of business. He doubtless added to the 
position he was acquiring in Inverness by his marriage witii Christian Duff, 
described by Baird as ' of Kinloss,' but if her father ever held property in 
Kinloss, it did not descend to his daughter, as did his land in the town of 
Inverness. There arc, at Drummuir, three parclmicnt charters and various 
other papers dealing with these lands : 

Chartour by James Cuthbert, burgess of Inverness, and nephew of the 
Provost Alexander Cuthbert,^ in favour of Alexander Duff, burgess there, 
of two particules of land in the Castle Street, November 20, 1G27. Two 
chartours in favour of said Alexander Duff of a rood of burgage land beside 
the Water of Ness, April 18, 1613, and other deeds referring to other 
property in the town, dated 1648 and 1051. The lease of 1654 mentions 
Janet Duff, sister to Alexander, who married Adam Bennett, seaman, 
indweller of Inverness, February 19, 1631. There are letters of apprizc- 
ment under the seal of Oliver Croiuweli, dated 1056-1657, regardino- her 
toeher. In the contract-matrimonial of Janet Duff and Adam Bennett, one 
James Grant, in consideration of certain sums paid by William Duff, 
merchant at Inverness, ' holds himself well content,' and assigns the con- 
tract to William Duff and his heirs forever. There is also a record of a 
subsequent case of the said James Grant against Alexander Duff, son of 
William ; Adam Bennett, husband of Janet, being a complainant.^ 

The wife of Alexander Duff, Town Clerk, and mother of Christian Duff, 
wife of William, was Christian Greenlaws, and there exists a ' disjiosition ' 
between Alexander Duff, burgess of Inverness, and James Cuthbert of 
Machinch, relative to some property, dated July 2, 1630, witnessed by one 
Alexander Barber, and attested by the ' mandates ' of IVIargaret IMayne 
and Christina Greenlaws, ' who could not write.' 

• The story of his opinion on the descent of his family has already been given in chapter ii. 

' A curions lawsuit was brought against the magisi rales of tlie town of Inverness, and in 
particular against Alexander Cuthbert, Provost, by John Forbes of CuUoden, on behalf of the 
burgesses, the complaint being that the magistrates had unjustly imposed the stent {i.e. 
taxation) in order to defray debts unwarrantably contracted, and to which the inhabitants 
and burgesses had not consented, and that they (the magistrates) had misspent the Common 
Good of the burgh through their own misgovernment. 

Examination of the list of the bailies shows that they were nearly all related to Provost 
Cuthbert. William Duff, afterwards Provost, was brother-in-law to Alexander Cuthbert (their 
wives, Elizabeth and Jean Eraser, being sisters), and was appointed President of the Stentors 
(tax-gatherers) in 1671. 

3 There was a certain Dr. William Eraser of Kilmorah, M.D., ' whose grandmother by the 
father was a Duff, sister to Alexander, Town Clerk ' ; she was possibly the same Janet men- 
tioned above. 


The business in wliicli William Duff engaged, in company with Sir 
James Calder, wliich was afterwards lurther developed by his nephew, 
Dipple, was a general carrying trade of all foreign commodities, and 
exchange with the products of the north. He owned several ships in 
which he exported ' salmonds ' to foreign countries, chiefly to Bordeaux, 
and brought home Frencli goods, comestibles, etc. In 1G73, William Duff 
shipped loads of ' salmond ' at Leith, and there exists among the Rose MS. 
one, almost illegible, account of moneys ' resting ' to William Duff, elder, 
as his share, and to himself ' in compartny ' on Mr. Robert Fraser's account 
for things bought for self and spouse. There is also, on the debit side, 
' share of John Fraser's charges, shipping the salmon, and tenth of his 
charge of outrigging the same John Frascr to Holland, beside one pound 
allowed him for a ' trie ' (sic). 

And further down, a note to ' mind to clear with Di]5ple, of James 
Cuthbert's salt in John Cuthbert's cellar.' Naturally, in shipping fish to 
foreign countries in ante-steam days, salt was a considerable item, and is 
quoted as at £33 a barrel (presumably £ Scots). ^ 

AVilliam was, in 1055, Collector of Excise of Inverness, and in IGGG he 
was sub-collector of taxes for the bishopric of Ross. He was excepted from 
the Act of Indemnity, 1GG2.- In 1G81 he was Commissioner for the burgh 
of Inverness. He also held lands at Fearn in Ross-shire,^ and Hugh Duff, 
minister of Fearn, was probably a connection of his wife's (see the 
chapter on Ministers). 

William was also, at one time, Chamberlain of Ross, and there exists a 
petition by him, dated 1G75, claiming that he had advanced money to the 
Laird of Cromarty to the amount of £-1000 Scots, and asking to have it 

In the year 1681 he appears to have projected a journey to London, to 
which date belongs the following curious will, which must be given in full. 
(It is not known whether he accomplished the journey or not.) * 

' William OiifT, ' nil cldor bailie ot Inverness had the tack of Uic teinds of the lands of 
Driunciidilcii in idSi, and a disiiosilion of llic same lamls, wiLli the privilege of an alehouse, 
was grantcil lo his son Alexamler of Drummuir in 1706. 

- Probably from having held oflice under Cromwell. 

^ In 16S9 he complains of his wage, in collecting the fucs of ffern (sic), and wishes to meet 
Glassa' at Hlgin to explain it. lie had probalily, by this time, settled the income from this 
estate on his daughter-in-law, Kathcrine, for whom her grandfather ' Glassa' ' was tutor {i.e. 

•• In the parish registers of Inverness there is a note on July 30, 1605, of the baptism of ana 
begotten doclitcr of George Duff, baptised Maggie (he being to pass to England upon the next 
day). We cannot trace this George Duff, but there were many of the name in Inverness in 
the .seventeenth century, possibly another brancli of the Muldavit family. 

One David Duff, a ' merchant burgess ' there, would seem to have been a man of some 


'■ir, April 1(181. 

' Ec it knowcii lo all men be this prcstts. iiic, ^Villiam Duff, Jlailie of Inver- 
ness, being of resolution in after the date hereof (God willing) to take journey 
for London, and knowing that there is nothing more certain than death, butt the 
time place and manner hereoff always uncertain, and wile itt is the doutty of all 
persons in their own tynic to pre\'vent any occasions of difference may arryse 
after their deccass, And thereupon I being willing to dispose my worldly affaires, 
And to be discharged of the caire and burden thcreoff, Soe that att the pleasure of 
Almighty God I may be ready to abyde his goodwill and pleasure, 'when itt shall 
I^lease him to call me out of this transitiarie lyffe. Tlicreforc, I make my 
Legacy and Letter now as ffollowes, And ffor as much as be the matrimoniall 
contract betwixt me and Janet Loekhart, my present spouse, I am bound and 
oblidged to provyde the aires whatsoever procrcat or to be procreat betwixt us, 
and to the wholl eonquist (and my said spouse in lyferent in the halfe thcreoff) 
which was or is to be acquired during oiu' lyfetyme together. And also to 
provyde my spous in the Interest or arcnt of six thousand mcrks, Scots money, 
and in lyke maimer fforasmueh as during these ffyftine yeirs bygone I have bein 
niarryed with my said spous, I have bein anc merehant-trallicker and constantly 
having my stock and substance (whether formerly or since eonquisted) in move- 
ables, and have been forced and necessitat for my better commodation and 
security to transact from tymc to tyme all sums of money conqucsted and 
acquyrcd in my first wyffe's tymc as well as in this and to buy some hostadges 
therewith, And have lende outt and wairred considerable summes off muney 
ujjon and ffor fforehand bargains ffor salmond fishing, vietuall and otherwaycs, 
so that I cannot exactly resolve upon, or distinguish what stuff is conquest in 
my present spous tyme, ffor clearing my children of the first and second 
mariadgc. And for preventing any debaitt which may arise betwixt them after 
my decease thcreanent, And for clearing and orddring off my affairs and those 
in Ross-shire tliercto. And for blessing of concord, love and amittie betwixt them, 
amongst themselves, and also betwixt them and my said present spous, and for 
the sincere love and affection I have and bear towards her, I doe by this ordder 
and appoynt my affaires as ffollows. And in the first place I nominat and 
appoynt Alexr. Duff my eldest lawfil: sone of the first mariadgc, my aire, and 
constitute him lo suceecd to my wholl heritailge, alswell conquistitl in iiis 
mother's tyme as in my present spous her tyme, as idso I nominat and constitute 
liim my only exeetr: and sole intromitter, with my wholl goodes, gear, debts, 
sumcs of money resting to me any niamicr of way for whatsoever cause or 
oceasione, declairing the generality underwritten to be also suflieient as iff every 
{lartc thcreoff were herein insert, wt. power to him to give up the same, and to 
dispose thercuijon provyding always lie make good and thankful payment of 
the sumes of money underwritten wherewilh I burden him, and my said wholl 

importance, as liis cliilil, Kcunctli, bom 1677, IkuI fi.r s|)onsors Kenneth, Jiail of Scafortli, 
Keiniclli, McKcnzic, liis son, an.l William nulf, bailic,, 

In 1O55 • James Melian Duff luul a remalv cluM bapli.ed Cliii.luias.' 


cst.itc boHi ro.'ill and prvsomill in niaiier f<illo\vin<;-, \i/,. Ilic snmnic df six 

Uiousaiul MUTks I ,y I.) my soiic Aiulivw, Iiis lin.ll.n- Cmnaii ..f II, r 

(irsL niariadyc, to be payed aL llic iiiaiiiiiinass mxL aI'Lcr uiy (kalli, as also Ihc 
suninic cI thrctty thousand incrks money foresaid to the children ol the second 
mariadge, whcreoff twenty thousand mcrks money underwritten, to James my 
eldest sone and aire of the second mariadge to be payed to him at his yeires off 
twenty. And ordaines liim to be maintained and cducatt att schoolles and 
colledges upon my said eldest sone Alexr. his charges. And the sume off ffoure 
thousand mevks to my oldest daughter Mary. And the sume of thrie thousand 
merks to my second daughter Magdalen and tlic sume of thrie thousand merks 
to my youngest daughter ^largaret, All to be payed att ilkane of their yeirs of 
perfeit adgc, proportionalie in maner forsaid and ilkane to be maintained and 
cducat in good conditionc according to their quallitie, be my said sone Alexr. 
And incaiss itt please God to remove my said sone James outt of this lyffe, with- 
out children of his own bodic, I bequeath and Leave tlic said sume off twenty 
thousand marks (nowc left and provydid to him) devydedly in maner following 
to witt thereoff the sume off six tliousand marks to liis said sister Mary, the sume 
of ffoure thousand marks to his sister jMagdalen, and the sume of other ffoure 
thousand marks to his sister IMargaret and the summe of thrie thousand marks 
to ilkane of liis brothers Alexr. and Andrew. And incaiss itt please God to re- 
move any of my said daughters before mariadge, I provydc the portions 
appoynted to the daughter or daughters deccassed, to be cejuallie dcvyded 
amongst my wholl children off both mariadges survyvand. And I decleire thatt 
the forsaid summe of twenty thousand pounds is more than I cane possibly call 
to be conquist in my present wyffe's tymc. And tliat I have bequestcd and left 
tlie same in maner forsaid, outt of my love and affecione to her and ffor her 
good meritt, and ffor her better security and further provismie of lyferent and in 
corraboranc and Imjilement of her Contract and in full satisfaene: of all she 
may acclaim or pretend to by virtue thereoff, I ordaine the said Alexr. Duff my 
oldest lawiH: sone to pay to her the suinnie off six hundred marks money fforsaid 
yeirly, during her lyfetynie be equall portions att two tearmes in the yeir. And 
that she enjoy and possess during her said lyftyme ffrecly my first dwelling- 
house, wlierc I now Leive, with all itts pertinents (the stables and wash-house 
excepted). And mort'over, I leive and bequeatli to my said Loveing spous the 
summe of aue thousand marks money, had out of the first and readiest off my 
moveables, to be disposed off at her pleasure. And thatt in full satisfaene. of 
all she may demand by her sd: contract of mariadge, tearce, cause, conquest, 
moveable or extric or any oyr: maner off way, whatsoever. And incaise my 
said spous happen to be wt. ehylde att this present tyme and thatt itt be ane sone 
and lie survive his brother James (he dying wtout aires of his own body) he is to 
succeed to the twenty thousand marks left to him. And incaiss his brother 
James live, I leave him the summe of thrie thousand marks money Scots to be 
payed by my sd: oldest son Alexr. and two thousand marks money out off my 
said sone James, aire of the second mariadge, his sd. twenty thousand marks 
portione pro\-yditt to him. And iff itt be ane dnugliter, I lca\-e lur the sunune 


of Ihi-ie ilKMis.'iiul iiKirks iiKHuy lorsnid, wIhit.iIT Iwo In be |Kiy.'(l hj' my (ihUsL 
sonc and anc lliousaml iiiaiks cuiU o! Llii' saiil Jaiiics his prcn isiiiiic iihovc wriUxn 
\vt. aiic proponiall: iniiit of ^vllaL shall happen to accrue Lliro\iyh the death of 
any off my abo\-enamed cliildien. And I ordainc nij' said sone Alexr. to pay 
all my debts. And furllur I, be tliese prsts: binds and oblidges my aires off the 
first and second nuiriadges and my spous successors and Intromitters whatso- 
ever, nott only to accejit of the premises butt also to pcrforme and fulfill the 
same, in the haill heades, articles, clauses, conditioncs: above written, in maner 
and att the tyme above announced, with power to each concerned to sue for the 
performance of ilk ane off their pairts and interest thereof. And I ordaine these 
prestts: to stand firme and stable, unaltered. And for the more seeuritie, I 
am content and consent these prestts: be insert and rcgistrat in the bookes off 
council and session or any oyr: bookes competent wtn: IJiis Kingdom yrin to 
remaine ' ad futurani llei memoriam.' And iff need be is, thatt all neeessaric 
execution pass lieirupon in fforme and effect, And to that effect constitute my 
prors. In witness whcreoff I have subsd: this prests: at Inverness the twenty- 
fifth day off Aprill IG hundred ffourscore and ane yeires (written by the said 
Alexr. Duff my sone) before these witnesses, Angus Poison burgess and glover in 
Inverness, and James ffraser, shoemaker in the said burgh. Ane double hercoff 
delyvered to my said spous subsd: by this my sone Alexr. that all persones 
interested may know my will ancnt the premisses. Wm. Duff. 

' A. Poison, witness. 

' James Frascr, Avitness.' 

The son Andrew, alluded to in the will and in one family letter, must 
have predeceased his fatiier ; jiis name occurs in Fraser Mackintosh's 
Antiquarian Records as an inhabitant of Inverness. Also in the following 
letter IVom James Innes to William Duff of Inverness : 

'Inveunkss, 27 Sept: 1089. 
' IIONonED Sin, — .Seeing your Son Androw is heir uplifting your bear (barley), 
if you pleass to send him ane order to receive fourtic bolls bcarc from me to be 
taken in heir at Inverbrakie I shall see it delivered, for I rather you have it then 
any oyr, I find the bear is good and reddie for the u])li['liuge and whatever 
jirice ye gives others. I can desire no more, so earneslly inlreuling to have ane 
order from you wilh the beai'er heirof. — Yourfrcind and well wisher to serve you, 

' James Innes.' ^ 

The complete family of Provost William Dnff was as Follows : 

By his first wife, Christian Duff, married in 1G55, and dictl circa IGGO. 

1. Alexander, born 1G57. 

2. Anukew, born 1G5S. . , 

' Andrew Dull, son of Provost William, writes to Dipplc, April i6Si, anrl 
These letters are preserved, but arc not interesting. 


I5y Iiis sfcoiul wil'c, .Tniut Lookliart, married in IGGG, died IGDO. 
y. .Jamks, ]H>vn dim m:7\: 

4. Maky, horn J(i75, married Williaiu Jiaillic of Diiiiain, and liad (!) 
Alexander liaillic oI'Dunain, married Anne, tliirtl dauyliLer of Sir Arehibald 
Campbell ol' Clunes ; (2) Jean, born 10D3 ; (3) Magdalen, married Sir 
Archibald Campbell, as his third wil'e ; (4) Alexander, born 1G95 ; (5) Mary, 
married her cousin, John Baillie of Torbrech, and had a son William, who 
was killed at Ticonderoga, July 6, 1758, and a daughter Mary, who married 
William Duff of Muirtown, her mother's first cousin. 

5. Adam, born 1G7G, o.s.p. 

G. ]\Iagdalen, born 1G77, married, as already stated, three times 
without issue : firstly, to Cuthbert of Draikies ; secondly, to John Robinson, 
merchant in Inverness ; thirdl}^ to James Duff of Corsindae. She died 
in 1756, aged seventy-nine. ' On July 6, 1756, at an advanced age, 
IMagdalen Duff, spouse to James Duff of Corsindae, and daughter to 
AVilliani Duff, Esq., very long, with great dignity and approbation. Provost 
of Inverness ' {Aberdeen Journal). 

7. Beatrix, born 1G78. 

8. Margaret, born 1681, mentioned in her father's will. These two 
died young. 

9. Jean, 1682, married, June G, 1700, William Gordon of Birkcnburn 
(who frequently writes to Alexander of Drummuir as ' affec. brother and 
servant '), and had five sons and eight daughters, all of Avhom died young, 
except three daughters : (1) JMagdalen, born 1702, who married the Rev. 
John Stuart, minister of Llanbryde, and afterwards held Birkcnburn ; 
(2) Helen, born 1708, married the Rev. W. Miln, Inverkeithny ; and (3) 
Isabel. The first Gordon of Birkcnburn was a son of James Gordon of 
Lcsmoir, and acquired Birkcnburn in fee from the Bishop of Moray, 1556.^ 
The family lasted for six generations, and failed in the three co-heircsses 
mentioned. Beatrix Gordon, wife of Adam of Clunybeg, was great-aunt 
of the last William Gordon. 

10. William, born 1684, o.s.p. 

11. Katiierixe, born 1G88, married Hugh Monro of Teaninich, and 
had five children : Hugh, o.s.p., James, Elizabeth, Magdalen, Janet. 

12. Isabel, the youngest daughter, died unmarried. 

By his third \vife, Jean Eraser, whom he married in 1691, the Provost 
had a thirteenth child, but it died young. - 

As has been already seen, in the last chapter, the Provost's ambitions 

' Note from family tree ol the Gordons ot Birkcnburn by James George and the Kev. 
Stephen Kee. - Inverness Kcyislors. 


for his son, in ni.irryinf,' liim lo Katlicrinc, orpliaii (laiinhtcr f>f Adam Duff, 
bankrupL Lairil of Dniiiitnuir, involved both latlicr and son in nuicli 
expcnbe and endless litigation with Kathcrine's stepmother and with some 
of Adam's creditors. They seem to have ke]it on very friendly terms with 
Kathcrine's granilfathcr, John Abcrcromby of Glassaugh, and in one 
letter Alexander Duff signs himself Glassaiigh's ' affectionate grandchild.' 
The three following letters in Provost William's own hand are still pre- 
served at Drummuir : 

'( (Aui,i)i:AHNr)_, 12 Jminnr;/ 1083. 

' For the much honored Mr. John Abcrcrombic of Glassauch. Tlicsc. 

' Much IIoxonED, — Being on my journey south, Godwilling, to settle anent 
Druminuir's affaires ffrcindly iff possible both wt. his relict and Coxtoune, And 
itt being altogether impossible ffor me (considering my own weight, the deipness 
off the way, and the weakness off my horse) to goe j^our way, I have sent mj^ sone 
express to reecavc j'our Instructions and comandes And whatever ad\'3'se yc 
think fitt to give I shall Godwilling endeavour to observe most obsequiously. 
And iff 3'r be any pcapers or doekumcnts by you (as I doubt nott butt yr arc) 
thatt may tend to the furthering off the bussiness aitlicr in anc ffrcindly cou- 
clusionc or ane legall dcbeatt, I jjray delyvcr them all to the bearer. And with 
all, I intreat ye may wrytt seriously to your nephewc my Lord Kemnay to give 
me his ffrcindly advj^sc and concurrence in his statione in the wholl affaire, for 
I will doe nothing withoutt him in the whole affaire, lett it goe as itt may. Also 
wrytt to him yt he may dcly ver to me all the pcapers he has off Drumuircs, and 
iff 3'c thinke fitt, I pray ye wrytt anc recomcndatory letter to your good ffreind 
my Lord Boj-ne to be freindly in the matter, in so far as may consist with justice. 
This, wt whatt uther instructions ye think nccessarj', I will expect wt the 
bearer, att my nephew Braeoe's house on Sunday's night, where I have appointed 
him to meitt me. And iff yc judge me capable to serve yourselfe and your 
interest in any thing during my abode att Edinburgh I pray use the ffreidome 
to putt your comandes friely upon me, ffor I swearc there will be none more 
willing or ready to serve you And this with my humble service and dcutifull 
respect to yourselfe, lady and j'our relations, is all att the tynic ffmni (Much 
honoured). — Your very affectionate cousine and humble servt, 

'Wm. Duff.' 

A second letter, from the same to the same, Avrittcn from Edinburgh a 
fortnight later, savs : 

'27 /"". 1003. 

' I delivered j'our letter to my Lord Kemnay whom I found vcrie freindly. 
I can find no wastiges of some of old Adam Duff's pcapers. I admire [wonder) 
what is become of llie original wrytes, for Mjy Lord Kenmay declares he miver 
saw them. . . . CoxLoune keijies wryling ]ne, he exjieels myglilie malers, he 
had "ottcn a decreaLt . . . against the ehildivu before 1 came heir, but it is 


now sloped till wc be he;ird. I suld gladly know that you was to como tliis 
road und I liiivo wrytcii my iicpli.WL- ]{r;icci) to conic also, uiid ilT ye ware botli 
hear, 1 doubt nott butt wv uun\x\. be id.t the bottonie off the bussiness one way 
or other. . . . Dame Doiathie ^ has ijluieed letters before the Counsell. , . . 
Yc must hold a certilieate lor yourselfc and also discharge ye children's nonage 
and we shall (with my Lord Kenmay's assistance) doe all yt can be done to bring 
you off, butt I had rathj^rc ye suld come uppe yr sclfe for all ye monie itt may cost 
you, ffor iff you and my nephew were here, I doe nott qucstione butt we might 
come toe a period one way or other. I ado no nioe butt for confidence to see you 
here I bitl you heartily Ifarewcll and remain yr most humble servant, 

' W.-M. Duff.' 

Alexander of Braco adds a postscript to this, also urging Abcrcromby's 
presence, and failing this, asking for full written directions. 

A third letter, undated, but ap]iarcnt]y written a few days later, is 
addressed to ' Mr. John Abercronibie at Uanff (be a freind, whom Clod 
conduct) these ' : 

' I did writt to you bye last post and sent j'ou copic of the letters deposed be 
Dorathie Lawson before the Counsell . . . this day we are to debeatt before the 
Lord Pitmedden. If ^Vm. Dunbar off Durn, who is bearer hcreoff, stay till it be 
over, I sail give you ane accompt of whatt passes, and iff nott I sail doe it be the 
next occasione. . . . Sir George is afraid that the Counsell will allow Dorathie 
ane aliment, being a stranger and thatt nothing can stope it. I am informed 
yc letters before yc counsell are execute to yc first off Jlareh, and iff yr health 
would allowe you to take a stepe heir att yt tymc, I qucstione nott butt we 
myght settle with hir, and Coxtounc also, before yr returne. This is all I cane 
say att prestt : butt is my verie warmest desyrc ye come heir, iff be any mencs 
ye cann, and ffor yr expenses itt is good reason that Drummuir's - interest pay 
itt, which I shall sec done and iff yc be nott here. ... I am exceedingly afraid 
bussiness will not goe right, except yc wold be heir about the 2-i Inst at ffarthest 
w^hich is also my lord Kenmay's desyrc and this is all I can say but expecting 
you without all faill, I remaine. — Yr most humble servant, 

' Wm. Duff. 

'This day the bussiness ^vas debaitt before ye lord Pitmedden. . . . 
Drununuii-'s daughters are served heiresses to yrc brother, which is a notorious 

William Duff was concerned in supplying provisions, etc., to the troops 
of King William iii. in Scotland, as the following extracts from the Warrant 
Books of Scotland, preserved at the Record Oiliec, show : ' 1091. The King's 
letter to the Lords Commissioners of tlic Treasury, allowing £2100 sterling 

' Dorotliy I.awson, second wife of the late Adam Dull of l^ruraiuuir. See previous cliapler, 
' His son Alexander. 


to r.corgc ITamilton of nanitown, oul of llic Siipt-rplus of llu' Sup])ly 
JOxfisc over llir HIH.OOO slcrliiiL;- lie is oblij^c-d lo advance Lo the I'urces, 
£130 sterling to ^Villiam UulT, Bailly in Inverness, to make Severall Pro 
vision for oiu- forces in Edinburgh, out of the first and readiest of Iiis Intro 
missions with oin- Revenues, or to pay liim the foresaid sum, in case tiiere be 
nothing resting to us in his hands, ^Vi^iam Duff producing receipt from tlie 
Commanding Officer in Inverness for the Several pKnisions ' {WarraiU 
Book, XV. p. 35). 

The Provost died at the age of eighty-three, in ]7]5, just before the 
occasion arose I'or pul)lic men to decUux: themselves for or against the 

There is a ))ortrait of him at Drummuir, a sketch of which is here 
reproduced ; also his drinking-cup, a large cocoa-nut mounted and lined 
with silver, mentioned in the will of his son Alexander. 



Alexander, JieJ 1589, James, parson of Kinoir, Jane, Klizabetb, 

Til. Kurhara Kowane. died IIJIO. m. Patrick Gordon. m. George IJordun. 

I I ' I I 

IMargaret. Adam, Alexander of Torrieaoul, A son. 

o.x.p. m. firdt, m. Beeondly, I 

Margaret Irvine ; Cliristian Lunisden. | 

, , ,' , I 

Margaret. Alexander, Adam, John. .Tames of Torrieaoul, 

died lliU houfjlit Drummuir, 1G21, in KilT. 

iliedKilO. (Diltfa of Hade.) 


Adam, died 1CS2, 
m. first, Anne Abercromby ; m. secondly, Dorothy Lawson. 

I I 

Jolm of Culbin, died 174!?, William of 

ni. first, m. secondly, Jluirtown. 
Marv Gordon; Helen Gordon. 


Archibald of Alexander of Davidston, .Tames, AVilliam, John, Lacblan, Four 

Dvuinmuir, m. M. Dull', died 177«. o..s.j.. o.s./,. o.i.j,. m. Kacliel Hug. daughters 

.N. and Coluiiel 


I M I I M 


Uruiniiiuir, Archibahli 

]-\XV;. 1777 

m. Fian 

)f 11 



uir, WUliaiil, 

LachUn, M.ajor, 1S17-1S: 
111. Jane JlutterHold. 



', ISIH, 
m. I'auline Tennant. 


I.aclilan, 1S,SII, 
in. Lydiu Tike. 

Thomas Kobert, 1911. 


Alexander Duff, ildcst son ol' Provost William Dull' I>y liis firsL nuaniagc, 
is described by Uaiid as 'a conscicnlioiis, ffOod-naLiircd, jioiicst man; he 
sat in the Scotch ParHament as menaber for Inverness, 1702-1707, and was 
ahvise firm to the Country party ; he was likewise a member of the first 
British Parliament for the Inverness district, 1708-1710. He preserved 
the estate which his father left him,' but was not a money-making man, and 
did not greatly increase it, lie Ijoiight Westcrton before his father's death.- 
lie was zealously attached to the Episcopal order in Ihe Church, and left 
by his Avill an annuity of £15 sterling for ever, to a minister at Inverness, 
ordained by the successors of the old Scotch bishoj)s de])rived at the 
Ivevolution, and in case bishops were restored in Scotland, to go to the 
town ministers.' 

Not many details are available for his biography. He appears to have 
become aware of the condition of the estate of Drummuir at the demise of 
Adam in 1G82, and of the desire, expressed in Adam's will, that ' one carrying 
the name and arms of Duff should espouse one of his daughters.' Business 
arrangements came first, for the young Alexander (with the assistance of 
his cousin Alexander Duff of Braco) seems to have acquired the whole 
estate of Drummuir, then virtually in pledge to Mr. John Abercromby, 
and two years after her father's death to have married Katherine, before 
she was fifteen, he himself being twenty-seven. Before his marriage he 
had conducted a good deal of business for his father ; witness the following 
letter, addressed to ' William Duff, elder, merchant of Inverness, for the 
present at Edinburgh, to be found at W. Stone's shop at the Plainstones, 
and in his absence for Mr. John Lauder, factor.' The letter is dated from 
Crombie. After a good many business details, and alluding to some papers 
of importance from Drummuir which have been ' much abused with rain,' 
he adds : 

' I met witli this bearer at Keitliinorc on his journey south, who says he 
knows you. Voiu' brother expects you lliis w;iy. I ;im now going home and 
will endeavour lo ehur wilh Cubinc by the way, whieli is all at tliis time. K 
you have sold Braco's and Crombie's meal, George Gcddcs desires you to sell 
meal for him. — Your loving and obedient son, Alexandeu Duff.' 

Undated, probably 1094.' 

' Or rather bought for him. 

' Also on December iS, 1700, he got sasine on Davidston, and it has remained in the posses- 
sion of the Duffs of Drummuir ever since. The house was built by John Gordon, son of 
Gordon of Thornybank, in 167S, and bears the following inscription : 

I G 

I A 78 

(John Gordon) 

(tsabcl Abercromby) 

another letter lo Prove 

jstWdliara in 

that year, with the same curious addre^ 

/-^1 f^"^^ 


'I'lic pnpcis ' niiirli ;il)usc(l will) ' :in; iTfcnr.! lo nKiiin in 
olhcr ilociiiiicnls oF l!ic pciiod ; jidssiljly lluy li.-iil In-cii exposed lo 
Llic \vc;illicr during llic exciting times tliat Ibllowetl Adam's tleatli, 
and the ousting of Dorothy Lawson. It is not clear exactly what part 
Alexander Duff of Braco played in the redemption oi" the estates of 
Drummuir, as it is expressly stated that he ' did not supply one shilling 
towards it,' but there exists a ' disposition by Joim Abercrombic 
of the lands of Drummuir to Duff of Braco,' dated 1GS2. Further, a 
' decreet of adjudication to Alexander Duff of Braco against the repre- 
sentatives of deceased Adam Duff of Drummuir of the whole estate of 
Drummuir and other lands for payment of £22,0G1 Scots. Date 1GS5.' 
And another disposition, September 1G8S, of the whole estate of 
Drummuir by Alexander Duff of Braco to Alexander Duff, ' Merchant 
in Inverness.' ^ 

That Alexander looked upon the estate as quite his own property is 
shown by his Avill, Avhere he mentions near relations in the entail, and, 
among others, James Duff, merchant in Banff, i.e. James of Corsindae, 
grandson of his uncle John, and also by the follo-wing from a paper at 
Drummuir, dated IGSG : 

' Alexander of Drummuir, who by his own means acquired right to 
the said estate, and possesses the same, smgulari tilulo, having paid 
more debts resting, not only to the late Drummuir's creditors, but lyke- 
ways to old Adam Duff his grandfather's creditors, than twice the value 
of the said estate, so that his lady's sisters could exj^eet no interest, nc 

It also appears that Alexander (or his father) even paid the tocher for 
Mary, younger sister of Katherinc. 

Alexander and Katherinc had a large family : 

1. Anne, born 1G84 (when her mother was fifteen), afterwards Lady 
Mackintosh. ' Her husband, Lachlan Mackintosh, twentieth of Mackintosh, 
was a man of great Courage and Honour and of primitive Integrity, but 
so lucky in his repartees and a poignant turn of wit that many of his 
bons mots arc still handed down. He engaged in the Rebellion 1715, 
with a great body of men of his own clan, and entered England at their 
head, with other forces, in all about 2000, but they were defeated at 
Preston. Mackintosh was tried and condemned but pardoned by King 
George the 1st. He died in 1731, and his Lady in 17.'jO, at Muirtown ' 

' Doubtless Uic last lime he Imown by this title, wliich he then exchanged for that of ' of 
Drummuir.' On February 22, 1703, Alexander Duff of Drummuir is appointed II. M. Collector 
of Customs at Inverness (Scottish Wayiant Books, Record Office). 


(Bainl).* Tlicy arc both huiicil in the cluiicliyard ol' I'cLly, near Inverness, 
but only initials arc on llic sLone. 

2. Anotiier daughter, born 1G88. 

3. Janet, born 1G80, and died unmarried. 

4. Mary, born 1G91 ; married William Gordon, son of Sir James 
Gordon, seventh baronet of Lesmoir, and had one son William, who suc- 
ceeded his grandfather as eighth baronet of Lesmoir. The contract of 
marriage is dated November 22, 1709, between William Gordon of Lesmoir 
and jMary Duff, daughter to Alexander Duff of Drummuir, whereby Sir 
James Gordon disposes to his eldest son William the barony of Newton 
Garie. After the death of William Gordon she married Arthur Gordon of 
Carnousie,- and had a son Alexander, besides other children. See Alex- 
ander of Drummuir's will. 

5. William, born 1G03, o.s.p. 

G. Alexander, born 1G9G, died as an infant. 

7. lloBEUT, born 1G98, younger of Drummuir (of whom ]ircscntly).^ 

8. James, born 1700, died young. 

9. John of Culbin, born 1701, ' ancestor of the present Drummuir.' 
10. Katherine, born 170)., and died 1739 of ' an hydropsie under which 

she liad laboured for many years before her death.' 

^ In the records of King's College, Aberdeen, is found the following : ' We, Lachlan Mac- 
kinlosh of that ilk, chief and jirincipal of Clan Chattan, and Mrs. Anne, my spouse, do give 
and dispose to the King's College, Aberdeen, for maintaining hopeful students therein the sum 
of 2000 merks of principal, the yearly annual rent of which is to be applied for subsisting 
a student in philosophy for four years. No one under twelve years to have it. Preference to 
be given to a Mackintosh.' 

There is also a letter from William Duff of Muirtown, dated February i, 1751, acquainting 
Session ' that the late Lady Mackintosh (Anne Dull) mortifyed 1000 racrlis lor a pious use only, 
to any old or decayed necessitous person, either man or woman, failing any of the name of 
Duff to be presented, then to the name of Mackintosh of Clan Chattan. Anne Duff wrote this 
just before she died.' 

- Arthur Gordon, son of George Gordon of Carnousie, was ' out ' in the '45, and was Major 
in Lord Pitsligo's Regiment. His going out with James Gordon of Cobairdy was noted as ' a 
great surprise ' to his family. He was entered at Marischal College in 171 2, and must therefore 
have been born about 1C98. He got into debt, and his estate was sequestrated and after- 
ward sold to Lord Findlatcr in 1753, and (lien to George May. See page 137. 

He married first (before 1726), Mary, third daughter of Alexander Duff of Drummuir (widow 
of William Gordon, jimior, of Lesmoir, who was dead in 1715), and had a son Alexander. And 
secondly, Isobel Campbell, widow of Robert Duff, his first wife's brotlicr. lie died abroail, 
probably in I7,')3, being one of the Jacobites ' exempted from pardon.' 

His children by his second marriage were : 

I. (iicoKC!-; or Jami;s. 2. Aktuvk. 3. Katiieuini;, married WUUam Dull of Corsindae, 
died 1753. -1. Ji'AN, married Alexander Donaldson of Kinnairdy. ■;. Annk, married Itary 
Tytler, merchant at Miln of Corsindae. {Gordons in Arms, J. M. liullocli, Spalding Club.) 

' Marischal College, Aberdeen, 1711-1715. 'Fasti Academiac Mari.-icallanac.' 

LF;rTi':ii fkom wilt>ia:\i scott -.'av.) 

!l. WiLi.iAM of Miiirlowii, Ijorri 1707. 

1^. Macdalen, born 1710, (i.x.j). 

13. Laciilax, diod 171'2. 

11. Hendrkt (Henrietta), died 1712. All we know of these two is tlie 
date oftlicir dcatiis in the Inverness Register, wliere they are mentioned as 
' Departed ' in tliis j-ear. 

The eldest son William, who died young, and the third son Robert 
were at collefre in Aberdeen together. 

William ticntt to Alexander Dujf of Drnvuniiir 

' IIoNBL. Sin,— The Hoys aggree very well w^ this plaee, but now begin to 
lind the disadvantage of so late eunicing in sinee their elass have mude some 
advance in their Logieks and all of them undergone tlicir publiek examina- 
tions and ordinary trialls of their Greek so yt my pupills must be publiekly 
examined all alone (unless y' some others eomc in to their elass as yet) 
however, the onlv remedy for their disadvantage y* way is now assiduously 
elosely and sedulously 1o apply to tlicir work, which {V.nd willing) I sIkiII 
earefully see to. 

' As Im hopefull in a few days you will not know William l)y Ihe ehange of 
his formerly more rude and less aggrceable carriage in to yt of a mannerly eivill 
and complaisant behaviour, so more particularly by the ehange of his old ragged 
and threed bare eloaths into a sumptuous and splendide apparel, for this day 
was taken oft for his use about 20 yards lloland for shirts and Musilcn f(jr Cravats, 
conform a very fine Scarlet for a gown, Cloath for a backsuit near 20 shillings a 
yard but what sets forth all, is excellent Gold mounting and furniture for y"i, 
both button and buttonhole. Mr. Uuff ' has done this, notwithstanding of all I 
could say to oppose it, or at least to delay it till furder adviec. 

' liobcrt - has got a Scarlet gown, but if you '11 have him ncighbonrlike you 
must order just as nmeh for him as William has got, for the Lairds here do not 
look as Lairds but as Little Princes. 

' I mind I wrote you in my last how we were not then settled, and when at 
IClgine, yt I told you, as .Tolm Hobertsone did, y' Mr. Duff would quarter his 
eousine Dipi)!c's son ; you likewise wrot iMr. Duff and Mr. Smith w' relation to 
their settlement, l>ul I could have wished you had wrote neither of y™ on y< 
subject for we (piartcr in Mr. Duff's house, not in ill quarter I assure you, for 
Mr. Duff is a most hearty, frank discreet complaisant Gentleman and his Lady ^ 
a most mannerly, kind and understanding Gentlewoman, but we pay hand- 
somely for it. The way of pactioning was thus, when Mr. Duff, Mr. Smith and I 
were communing about our settlement tliey asked me, what were my instruc- 
tions as to the rate of quartering. I answered y' all my instruct ions were gcnerall, 

' John Duff, mcsscnRcr, in whose liouse tlicy were then livincj. Sec chapter iii. 
' riicn fourteen. ■' Anna Inncs. See chapter ui. 


3'l yiiii was iioL artjuaiiiL \vt llic rules, only desired us I.d lake a |,'(>(id (juarlxTS as 
rcasoiiaMy ami i)rudiiiLly as \vc could by Lliis counsel and advice, buL for all I 
could say on yi licad they told nic I concealed my particlar instructions or 
wondered I got none, at length I happened to say to Mr. Smith y' I believed 
you would have been more particlar, but y' you heard Mr. Duff was to take 
Diples son into liis own house and if so, the Boys could not seperate nor could 
you Rx any rate. This Mr. Smith told Mr. ]3uff and made mc tell it over before 
ym both when Mr. Duff minded of the promise between Diple and him and said 
y' Diples son as also Tannachies, was most welcome to him, thu he got nothing 
w' them, yet I would have something named y' I might write to you, y^ was a 
dilFiculty, he would name no thing but what you pleased y' could not satisfie mc 
but named I would have it, after much ado Mr. Duff desired y' Jlr. Smith and I 
should concert what to write to you I spoke to Mr. Smith he told me y' himself 
and oyrs private Gentlemen in the Town got forty pounds Scots or three pounds 
Ster: which falling in discourse I had acquainted you w^', and y^ your answer was 
it was too much, y' you was at the Collcdgc table yourself and payd but fiftic 
merks which j'ou thought was abundance, then Mr. Smith advised mc to keep 
by that and Mr. Duff said it was enough so by Mr. Smith advice I made this speech 
to Mr. Duff y' Fittie merks was not what his house required, but I would give 
no more : if Tannachy or Diple pleased to make any comjilemcnt themselves 
let them do it, thus the aggreement was ended and Mr. Smith advised I should 
as was ordinary pay a quarter at our entry if I could, which I offered to Jlr. Duff 
and desired mc give it to his wife, which I did, but only gave an hundred merks 
least I should be scarce, there being so many things here which I could not think 
of before to take away a deal of money, however the Gentlewoman is as a Mother 
to the Boys and desires me to seek money from her if I want, for which direction 
you must give her thanks by a letter. 

' Neither have I as yet given anything to either of the Regents which is 
wondered at, my reasons arc these I have not enough of money, niilher know I 
what to give them till I get your advice. I mind very well you desired mc to 
give Guineas the peiee to Mr. Moor and two Guineas apeice to Mr. Smith, but as 
Lairds sons here are sumptuous in their cloaths, so are they libirall in their 
jiurses, for tlieve is not a Gentlcmans son worth the noliccing but gives the 
Regent ;i or ■(■ Guineas. The Sheriff gives 3 Guineas to Mr. Moor and Hive to 
Mr. Smith but has not given it as yet, his Governour being at a stance, whether 
he shall give it wtout advice from Tutors. Neither will John Duff advise to 
give less than 2 Guineas apeice to Moor and 3 to Mr. Smith, and I, if I give them 
before I hear from you, cannot offer Mr. Moor less than a Guinea and an half 
for each of them, and 3 Guineas or 2 Guineas and an half to l\Ir. Smith. There- 
fore you '11 please let us hear your mind here soon possible and send up money, 
for the expenses of coming here the TOO mks. Roberts Gown, w' a number of oyr 
small sumcs have near exhausted all the money I got, if you could send up 15 
lbs. Ster. it were better to leave than want, however, your will shall be done, 
and whatever I give out you shall have the aecompt of it. If Dijiles has not 
sent some books to his son wc '11 be necessitate to buy them here. 


'Sir, If you will iioL <^\yv Rob: ^'old nininUin!,' :is oyr Laiixls liavc, you '1 
please cause iimko :i f:islii(iii;ii)le \u<x JiL El<,'iiie U>r him ; ;i C:uii|):ii;^rne of l.oleraljlie 
fair hair oyr wise if liiere euii l)e one goL in all Abd 1 shall buy one for lam, Iho 
I should pay it out of my own pocket, for he must be somcLliing hnncstlikc, but 
a wii^ can be had much better and cheaper at Elginc than here. 

' This long, confused and illegible epistle ought to be apologized for, but 
youll the easier pardon it tliat it is absolutely necessary fi'om, Ilonbl. Sir, Your 
most obedient Senant, W'lij,: Scot. 


' Adfauikhh, Deccnibir -'.ird, 1712. 

' Pray sir send an answer by the very next post.' {I).) 

There is an amusing letter four years later from Simon Eraser, Lord 
Lovat, to the Laird of Grant, referring to Alexander Duff of Druramuir, 
and his matrimonial projects for his son Robert, M'ho was a suitor for 
the hand of Margaret Grant, the Laird of Grant's youngest sister. (But 
Lord Lovat married her in 1717, during tlie lifetime of his first wife, the 
Dowager Lady Lovat, whom he had married by force.) 

' LoNDO.v, Aug. 25, 171C. 

' My dearest Brigadier, — . . . All I can say is, that T wish from my heart 
I may perish the day I forget your friendship or leal in my duty towards you . . . 
and come of the mack [7narriage] what will, it will never augment or diminish 
my jealous friendship for your person and interest ; and if I live, I hope to be 
as usefull to you and yours as the bourgeois lairds whom your relations have 
prefer'd to me, after their incouraging promises to assist my design several 
months ago. I cannot but laugh, dear Brigadier, to sec the nature of those 
conunon fellows when they see themselves masters of a good estate. Drum- 
nuiire's words arc rather like Louis xiv. than like William Duff's son. lie makes 
no apologie for not aquanting you of his son's design, which he calls resolution, 
le Roy I'a rcsolu ; and then it is not by way of intreaty he asks your consent, 
but by way of command. He says he expects it, without loss of tymc. He could 
not writ othcrwaycs to one of his vassals on Speyside ; but I must own I never 
saw anything more pointedly answered than you have done that insolent para- 
graph. — Your constant faithfull slave, Lovat.' ^ 

' Alexander Duff died in 1726, being as was supposed, about seventy 
years of age.' Three of his wills are preserved at Drummuir, and extracts 
from them are here given : 

First Will, dated August 1, 1715, the year of his father's death. In 

» Eraser's C;j!V/so/Gf«)i(. 


lliis AlcxiindiT sluhs lliiil, ]>y llu- IciJiis of liis in.ininnc conLi.icL (June 1, 
HiSli), lie luid seLLleil upon KaUieiine the liiill'daucli ^ lands of 'J'owieniore, 
but that as at tlie time of making this will his ' conditions and circmnstances 
are some better than at that time ' he Hiinks himself bound to give her ane 
better eomi)elence and loaves to iicr the lands of Daviston (sic). ' But 
if my said spouse shall think it more convenient to reside and stay in the 
town of Inverness than to go to live at Davislon, I hereby aj)point her ane 
dwelling-house in any of my houses she thinks proper, and ane share of my 
])lenishing such as may serve her conveniently.' 

lie bequeaths his whole interests in the shires of Banff and Aberdeen 
to his son Robert. 

To John, his second son, £8000 Scots of principal and Mickle Geddes, 
granted by Calder. 

To AVilliam, his third son, his houses and farms in Inverness-shire, 
lands of Essoch and Drummondwill in Ross-shire. 

The witnesses to this will are William Cuthbcrt, glov^er, and Donald 
Munro, servitor to AVilliam Duff, late Provost. 

The second AVill is dated 1719. 

lie leaves £3000 to his son Robert, ' who is about to marry a good and 
discreet gentlewoman,' and also land and houses in Cullen. 

' ]\Iy wife, since partly by her care and management, one good part of 
the effects the Lord has bestowed on us. is owing, I leave to be my only 
intromitter while she remains a widow, and besides the lands of Daviston 
and houses in Castle Street, I leave to her £300 of the best and readiest of 
my goods to be given to all or any of om- children as she finds most 

' And to W. Duff of Crorabie, my brother's son, cncaise he live to be a 
man and come to perfection £10,000 Scots. 

' To Isobel Duff my sister 5000 merks in ease of her not marrying. 

' To Colin Cam])bell 1000 merks on account of Helen Duff in case of her 
not marrying, 1000 to Alexander Campbell of Dclnies, my godson. 

' To my son "William, my house and lands in the town of Inverness, 
likewise my lands of Drumerdine and Mickleballa in Ross-shire with 
£40,000 Scots when he comes to eighteen. 

' To my eldest daughter Anne £100. To Mary, wife to Arthur Gordon 
£100, to my grandson. Sir William Gordon of Lesmoir, if he live to be 
married, £100, to my sister Katherine £50 for the relief of her and her 
Munro children. 

' Daugh signifies, in thi;; connection, a certain amount of land able to produce forty-eight 
bolls of meal. 


"I'o llic Tlospiliil ;iL JiiveniLSS 500 irit-rks. 

' Since LIki'c is no |)(jtLiun nunicd lu .John, \vlio is joint inLromittcr with 
Kathcrine, and succeeds to the whole if she marries again, tlie kinds of 
Cubine and wadset right of Earnhill. 

' Since there may be troubles in the country and losses, I may diminish 
any of the said provisions in my lifetime. 

' This will to be insert and registered in the books of sessions. Dated 
Inverness, April 10, 1719. Witnesses: Leonard Urquhart, Patrick 
Graham, Seivitor to Sir W. Gordon, Lesmoir.' 

The third and final Will runs as follows : 

' I, jVlexr. Dufl' of Drummure considering the frailty and uncertainty 
of this mortell life and the certainty of Death tho' the time, place and manner 
thereof be unknown, and that it is the duty of all persons in their own time, 
while soimd in body and judgement to settle and order their worldly affairs 
so as to obviat anti prevent any dispute difference and contravcrsic might 
arise tliercanent after their deecas, and to be in readiness to abide the good- 
will and pleasure of God, when He shall happen to call them from this 
transitory life to a better and to Himself in Glory, Have Therefore thought 
fit to make, as I hereby make, my Last Will and Testament, in form and 
manner following : In the first place, I reeomend my Soul to God, hopeing 
to be saved throw the merits of Jesus Christ, my Redeemer and ordaining 
my body to be decently and christianly buried, when I depart tliis life. 
In the second place, I nominate and appoint, make, constitute and ordaine 
John Duff of Culbin my second lawfull son, my Sole Executor, universal 
legator and assigney to, and Intromittcr with my haill goods, gear, debts, 
sums of money and other whatsoever pertaining and belonging or that 
shall happen to itertain, aecrescc and belong to, and not be otherwise dis- 
posed of by me.' 

(Legacies.) ' Imprimis, the sum of 10,000 pound Scots money of prinell: 
with any rents and expenses that may be due thereon addebtcd and resting, 
to William Duff now of Crornbie and Jean Mcldrum his mother, by the 
deceast Wm. Duff, late Provost of Inverness, my father. 

' Item, the sum 5000 merks Scots to Isobell Duff my sister. 

' Item, the sum of 9000 merks Scots to Kathcrine Duff my youngest 

' Item, 300 pound sterling to my dear and loving spouse Kathcrine 
Duff. ' 

(He reposes great confidence in his wife, and desires John of Culbin 
to take her advice.) 

' Item, to my wife the whole furniture and plenishings that belong to 



iiu; lor licr lilV, .-iricr wliicl. Iliis lo \n- .livi.lcl nnicii- my cliiMivii, rxccplinj,' 
my hiro-c .silver Liinkcr wliicli I IjajUcidJi and iniikc over I.) IJolniiL Dull 
youagci- ol" Drumnimc, my eldest luwl'ul sou and his lieirs-iiude.' 

He further ' ordains that liis wife to continue unmarried all the days of 
her hfc.' 

' Item, 2000 nierks lifcrcnted to Helen DulT, sister to my said spouse, 
1000 mcrks of whieh falls due after Helen's death to Miivy Dull', relief of 
dec. Colinc Cami)bell of 13ehiies, the other 1000 eonies t-^ nic. This to go 
to Alexr. Campbell now of Delnies, my godson. 

' Item, 2400 Scots to Anna Duff, Lady JMackintosh, my eldest daughter. 

' Item, for love of Mary Duff, my daughter, and spouse to Arthur 
Gordon of Carnousie I bequeath to Alexr. Gordon their son, my godson, 
2000 pounds Scots and failing him to their other children. This money is 
resting [owing] to me by Sir ^Vm. Gordon of Lesmore, my grandchild. 

• Item, for love of Katherinc Dulf, my sister, I Ijcqueath to her, upon 
behalf of James Monro, her 2nd son, 900 merks. 

' Item, to Harry DulT, natural son to Robert Dulf my son, 500 merks 
Scots money after mydeeeass in order to put him to some tread in ease he 
come to perfection (i.e. of age). (If not, tliis suni goes to the Exrs.) 

' If John Duft of Culbin be not alive at my death, William Dufl' to be 
Executor, and after him the heirs of Robert, my eklest son.' 

He further desires and recommends that all shall abide by what he 
directs, and adds a ' mortification for Episcopal clergie and poor of parish 
of Inverness, dated 1725.' 

Tlie will is dated at Inverness March 21, 172G, six months before his 
death, which took place on the August 22, 1720. 

The funeral sermon preached on the occasion of liis death is still pre- 
served. From it we gather that the cause of his death ^vas erysipelas. 
' As a man he had a comelie personage and healthful constitution till of 
late that the frequent relapsing into that fever of the rose did break it.' 

The preacher also adds : ' I cannot forget his j)rotecting the orthodox 
clergy in their i)crse('ution with his pains, moyen, patrimony, and purse, 
when a furious zeal like a land llooil was like to have overrun them in this 
corner of the land.' 

There arc two delightful letters from Kathcrine, widow of Alexander, 
to Thomas Brotlic, \V.S., in Edinburgh : 

'Invkiinhss, Drc. iOtfi, IT-irj. 

' Dear Sik,— I houp that this will liiid yuu wenl in midst uf al this trouble, 
as I wish from my Iiavl. And being s,, niueh chliovd Inr ;,!! the -..,,,1 oliees you 
have done to my friends and your kindness to Suiidie J)nlT |.src iicdi httrr] irom 
tym to lym, thanks you, only wishing it may be in liis pnwci- or myn to be 


sorvisalilc to you or yours. I had u letter from London last post shewing uie of 
bein;;- disujioynlcd of Seourie,' lirst cluuiyiny his (quarters and then going off to 
Carohna or Georgia wiiieh has cost Drununuir - a good deal of expenses which 
will be hard on mc, dear sir. . . . You will write to Druninunr and get his script 
and advice, anent the big house over the watter to be discharged when he 
wants. . . . John Grant caiuiot get anything from citlier tenant at the Term. 
I told him I would want of 10 or 12 pond sterling ... so you may write a letter 
and give pressing orders. — Yr most Iiumble servant, Katu Duff.' 

The second letter is dated the following year, when Kathcrine was 
seventy-seven, but is more legibK'. 

' In'vkiim.s \7.\r.. 

' Dear Sir, — By this houping and wishing with all my heartt you guud 
health and withal a greatt many thanks for your kyndness, 1 may truly say 
to all my family and particularly to Drummuir,^ Ikyways to Sandie Duff, poor 
boy,' for your care and advice from tym to tym, which i)oor foolish youth, is 
lia\'ing the least thoughts of cntring the Armie but to keep by his pension, little 
as it might be. Still it i)lease God to settle his friends that has been fieding him 
with such notions as what he told me and those who has seen and had experience 
of the world does not think it right, for I told j'ou enough of what has been, so 
you maj^ assure him he shall never get see much as a penny worth of it, nor will 
I pay what he asks on, nor his vain jjrodicall eloaths, nor will I so much as write 
to him till he be of another mynd. The Ladye Mackintosh writ to him such on 
this hand, which with myn has come to his hand this summer session. Let him 
win some small thing be his pen and in looking for his father's papers, ^ and 
diligence with patience will come through the world, as it does with many of my 
acquaintance even in troubsome tymes, not I confess to vain braw youths which 
I hear of S(jme, besydes the Captain. Oiricers is but slaves for life. I have oidy 
found one of Liglis' papers what is left, and ane note is by me, you '11 sec what it 
came to, butt for the Company's debt which lys in with Culjin's pa2:)ers, which will 
satisfy that and I truly think Drummuir can have nothing ado. I wish now that 
they would nottice the improvement of his ffortune and mary a Scots woman and 
not be following Kinairdy's ^ way. All I can say is, I pray God to direct and 
pr()sj)er him at the head of that interest which stood my dear husband much pain 
to [Hitt together. Craving your pardon for this letter and incorrectness of the 
style, I am, etc., etc., Katu. Duff.' 

As will be seen I'rom the above letters, Kathcrine (on the ixick of whose 

' Patrick Mackay. = Sec next chapter. 

^ This must refer to yoinif; Arcliibald, probatjy then resitlcnt in iulinburgli or slill abroail. 
» Alexander Duff, allorwaids of Daviilslon, chicst son of Katlicrmc's second son Jolui, and 
at tliis time twenty-one. 

' His fallicr, John Didl, went banl;rupt some fourteen years before. 
» Dipple's brothcr-in-hnv, wlio went bankrupt. 


porl rait a1 Miiiilown, is ^vl■ill<•n, pn)l)nl)Iy l.y ?tla j(ir IT. K. DiilT, ' Kallu'iiiic 
Duff orDiiinmuiii- iij^ly fuougli lo he sure '), was a lady of (lclcnuinali(jii. 
SIic Avas also throughout licr Hl'c a vehement Jacobite. Tlierc is a tradition 
tliat ' at the commencement of the operations for the Royal Succession 
in 1715 the town of Inverness was first seized for the Jacobite interest by 
the exertions of Alexander Duff of Urummuir, who introduced his son-in- 
law, the Laird of Mackintosh, into the town at the head of liis clan, and the 
magistrates being much imdcr Drummuir's influence, he having been 
member of Parliament from 1702 to 1710, and Pi-ovost of Inverness in 1715, 
seemed strongly on the side of the Stewart dynasty. The exertions of 
Cullodcn and Kilravock, aided by Lord Lovat, however, were effectual 
in recovering this important post for the King, though not without some 
contest and bloodshed ' (Shaw's History of Moray). 

' Alexander Duff of Drummuir was Provost in 1715,' and when the 
other magistrates desired him to take steps to defend the town he made 
light of their fears, and J'urther declined to make inquiries who were the 
individuals employing the IJakers to make Amnuniition JJread and the 
Carj)entcrs to make chests, and for a good reason, as liis own Lady was 
one of the principal persons employing these tradesmen, to the behoof of 
the Laird of Mackintosh, her son-in-law. Further, owing to the Town 
Guards being removed at 4 o'clock in the morning by his orders, his son- 
in-law, the Laird of Mackintosh and Mackintosh of Borlum got possession 
of the town ' {Investigations at Inverness 1717 anent the proceedings of 
the People of that Tmv7i at the time of the Rebellion 1715). 

' The town of Inverness was held for the rebels by Sir John Mackenzie. 
Simon, Lord Lov^at, summoned the Frasers to arms, and joining his men to 
those whom Duncan Forbes of Cullodcn was able to gather, he successfully 
attacked the town, compelled the Jacobites to lly, and by so doing un- 
doubtedly did much to confirm the victory which had been somewhat 
doubtfully won, about the same time, on Sheriffmuir ' {A Century of 
Scottish History, by Sir Henry Craik). 

Later the sympalliies of Alexander Duff were with the Hanoverian 
Government, on which, as on the winning side, so many of the elder Duffs 
ranged themselves, leaving the romantic Royalist cause to their penniless 
younger sons. 

In the marriage settlement of his eldest son Robert, 1717, with Isobel 
Campbell of Clunes, Alexander makes the following proviso : 

' In case the said Robert Duff, or any of the pci'sons abo\x' named, their 

' He held this oflicc I'rom 170O, when his father resigned il, until 1709, and again from 1712 
to 1715. 


heirs and successors, in whose favours the Disposition above written is made 
and granted, should be guilty of rebelhon against the King's person and govern- 
ment, or his Majesty's successors or contract dcljt above the sume of 20,000 
poiHids Scots . . . then the said lands devolves upon the next member of 
Taillie. It is lykewaj's sjjeeially provided and declared that even duiini,' the 
standing of the said marriage, if it shall heppen the said Robert Duff to fall in 
rebellion as said is, against the King's i\Iajesty, and Government, or his Majesty's 
successors, or if he shall happen to go abroad or not reside with his present 
apparent spouse in one family or in case of any other mischance, occasion or 
emergency, etc., etc., that then and in either of these cases the said Robert Duff 
his liferent, right of the said lands, etc., during the continuance or being in any 
such state or condition shall be, and is hereby declared to be ipso facto, null and 
void, and his said liferent of the same is hereby declared to devolve on the said 
Mistress Isobcl Campbell during the standing of the said marriage.' 

In Chambers's History of ilie RehdUon, wc find the following : 

' During tlie rebellion of 1715 the town of Inverness was the chief scene of the 
exertions of botli parties and was for some time the residence of Prince Charles 
and of Cumberland, who successively occupied the same bed in the house of old 
Lady Drummuir (then 77). 'With her was residing her M'idowcd daughter Anne, 
widow of Laehlan Mackintosh of Moy (aged til). (Katherine having been married 
at 15.) 

' It was in the town house of Lady Drummuir, mother of the Lady Mackintosh 
(that had a room ungraeed by a bed !) that the young Chevalier took up his 
residence, and later on, as at Ilolyrood House, Falkirk, and various other places, 
the Duke took up his lodgings in the same house, same room, and same bed which 
liis precursor, Charles, had occupied. It may be safely conjectured that Lady 
Drummuir, whose daughter Lady Mackintosh had acted as the presiding divinity 
of Charles's household for two months, would by no means relish the: presence 
of the new tenant. 'J'he connuent which she afterwards passed on this period 
was " I 'vc had twa King's bairns living with me in my time and I wish I may 
never have another." Lady Mackintosh was taken prisoner after the battle of 
Culloden and taken to London, but was soon set at liberty.' 

Tile two hulies sent the I'ollowing petition to Cumberland with regard 
to the damage done by his followers, on the night after Culloden. The 
answer (if there were any) has not been preserved. 

' To his Royall Ilighnes The Cuke of Cumberland, etc. 

' The Memoriall of Kathercn Duff, Lady Dowager of Drummuir and Ann 
Duff, Lady Dowager of Mackintosh her daughter. 

' 174G. 

' Humbly SJieweth, 

' 'J'hat on the sixleenlh day of Apryle last, when your Royall Highness 
entered the Te)\vn of Inverness with the army and took possession of the two 


Scvcnil! L()(lgciiiys,CcIliU-s:ni(l oHicc houses Uicrcof l)d()ngiiif,rt.o Lhc Memorialists, 
They, l.lie ]\Icnioriahsls, were then turned out, and dispossesl of theii- Lodgeinys, 
and not allowed to return tlicrto since that tynic. That those Lodgcings were 
provided with very good furnilur of all sorts suitable to the Blemorialists' Hank, 
and the Closetts of those Lodgeings contained scvcrall repositories where the 
Memorialists body apparell lay, together with their table and bed Linnin and 
Blankets, etc., and their private wryts and papers, which can be of no use to any 
but to the Blcmorialists, were lykcwise lodged in those Repositories. The 
Memorialists were not allowed by themselves, or any in their name, to medic 
with any of those subjects, since they were dispossessed of them and their 

' ]\Iay it therefor please your IJoyall Highness to take the Memorialists case 
to consideration — and appoint their body ajiparell and that of their servants to 
be delivered them, togctlier with their private wrytes and papers, and to appoint 
that the damadgc done their furnitur, table and bed linnin, etc., may be ascer- 
tained in such manner as shall be thought proper, and such relieff granted as to 
your Koyall Highness shiill be judged just and reasonable. And your Uoyall 
Highness Memorialists shall ever pray, etc. 

' Kath. 1)ui f. 
' Anna Duir.' ^ 

Some confusion lias arisen from the fact that in 1715 there were tliree 
Ladies Mackintosh living : 

Anne, daughter of Alexander Duff of Drunniiuir, who married Lachlan 
Mackintosh, twentieth laird. He died in 1731, and was succeeded by his 
kinsman, William Mackintosh, whose wife was Christian, daughter of 
Sir Alexander Menzics. He died in 1741. And thirdly, Anne Farquhar- 
son of Invercaukl, who married Angus or /Eneas Mackintosh, brother of 
William. He (Angus) was an ollieer under the Hanoverian Government, 
and liis wife was the ' Colonel Anne ' of the Rout of Moy. 

' On February 16, Charles reached Moy Hall. Some one, suspected to 
be the Laird of Dalraehny, sent information to Lord Loudon that Charles 
was lodging at Moy Hall. It became known to the Dowager Lady Blackin- 
tosh, who sent a messenger to warn her daughter-in-law." On the 
messenger's arrival the guard woke the Prince and also Lady Mackintosh 
who appeared in the courtyard in her smock, and thereupon organised the 
famous ambusii known as the Rout of Moy, whereby Loudon's sclieme for 
apprehending the i'rince was completely defeated, through the exertions 
of seven men.' ^ 

In Fraser Mackintosh's Antiquarian Records we find tlie following 
extracts from tlie account-book of the steward of Anne, Lady Mackintosh 
(called the old Lady Mackintosh, as there were two dowagers) : 

' Diuiniuuir papers. ^ xhis was not Uio real rclalioiibhii). ' Chambers. 


' IMav: 3rtl, 1710. Al. Inverness, Mouday : Hk- Priuce takin;;- up Iiis ciuarlcrs 
in Lhr house of his beiiefueLi-ess, old Lady MackiiiLosh. 

To extinguishing a ehininey on lire and eUaniiin iL . . 2 

To bread sent to Fort Augustus . . . . . .110 

To Lady Macintosh's servant 2 

To a salmond ......... 24 

To a coloured pig ........ 30 

A gown and a petticoat to ye citchcn girlc, etc., etc. . . 13 3 ' ^ 

Prince Charles gave to Anne Duff, Lady Mackintosh, a peiicil drawing 
of himself, by Giles Ilussey, done in Florence when he was eighteen. It is 
no^v in the possession of Colonel A. R. B. Warrand. 

Katherine's will, made nearly four years after Cullodcn, in her OAvn 
handwriting, still exists. 

' Dec. 5, 1749. I desire if it please God to spare me sum short tym to writ 
my testament as folows : 

' To my eldest g^-andehild and rcprescnter, Archibald Duff of Drummuir to 
him 30 pond sterling for mornings. A furnished bed ^viLh sax plaid curtains, 
sax par shits with cotts, sax dosen good serviats with tabcl cotts. which I amc 
put in a trunk with my two Genohy broads and my stuckeon to be sett up in the 
kirk of Botriphnie, leaving him my blessing, and begs him to be frendly and kyn 
to all his worthy grandfather's Drumnuiir's posteritie, who did proceed for liim 

' A pock of fyn linin to be shirts for Drummuir which I ha\'e by me. 

' K.A.TT Duff. 

' A box with a sett of China boull and china pott, lykways a littoll eoneeatt 
of my daughter's, this being all hers, all in the trunk wiUi two loks and keys 
marked W. D. yr greatt Grandfather's name.' 

The escutcheon, about which Katherinc appears so anxious, still hangs 
in the church at Botriphnie, bearing the arms of all her own and her 
husband's illustrious forebears. 

' The house in which this entertainment took place was not the one described in a docu- 
ment at Drummuir dated 1732. ' Large new tenement with office, houses and gardincs thereto 
belonging to and lately rebuilt by the said deceased Alexander Duff of Drummuir, lying within 
the town and territory of Inverness consisting of 3 roods of Burgage land and lying on the 
West side of the Water of Ness." (This is probably the ' house accross the watter ' referred to 
in Katherine's letter.) Alexander Duff had a good deal of town properly which came to him 
from his mother's father, Alexander Duff, town clerk of Inverness ; the charters to the first 
Alexander are still in existence, and a disposition by him to his son-in-law William in 1656. 
The house of old Lady Drummuir was the one that stood in what is now Church Street. 
A stone with the date 1722 and Drumnuiir's arms was removed to an adjoining house 
when the original was pulled down, and portions of the old panelling were made into two 
fine armchairs, one of whicli was in the possession of Mr. Fraser Mackintosh of Lochardhill, 


TIic ' sliils iiiul coLls' would appear to be sliccts and I)]unkcts, the 
' genohy broads ' were doubtless velvet dresses or tableeloths, and the 
serviats must have been early table napkins. 

The ' littoll conceatt ' defies explanation ; wc will hope that it readied 
the owner in safety. 

Katherine died in 1758, liaving survived her husband for thirty-two 
years, and during the nine years that the eldest son Robert survived his 
father he was always known as ' younger of Drummuir,' and apparently 
did not take possession of the estate, but resided first at AVcctcrton in 
the parish of Botriphnie, and afterAvards in Elgin, where his two younger 
children were born and baptised. 

He married, in 1717, Isobel Camjjbell of Clunes, and had by her two 
sons : Archibald, born 1721, and William, born 172-1, ami a daughter 
Catherine, born 1723, who married Archibald Campbell of Rudgate, and 
had one daughter Isabel. 

Robert Duff died in 1735, and his son, Archibald Dufl', succeeded to the 
estate of Drummuir, but apparently only took full possession upon Iiis 
grandmother's death in 1758. AVilliam was a mcrcliant in Tlolland, chiclly 
at Rotterdam, and died unmarried after 1750. A letter from him, written 
in Dutch, is preserved at Drummuir. According to papers at Drummuir, 
' Robert was seized with a melancholy disease which in a few years in- 
creased to such a degree that for about eight years before his death he was 
quite extenuate and became so silly, that he was altogether incapable 
of managing his own affairs . . . most people were fully persuaded that 
his judgment was greatly affected by the melancholy distemper that he 
laboured under, and of which he died. It was a very difficult matter to 
get him to sign his name ; he rarely spoke a Avord and would not answer the 
easiest question for most part until it was frequently asked.' John Duff, 
his next brother, tried in 1726 to get Robert certified as an idiot, but 
seemingly failed in this design. 

According to a document at Drummuir, ' he took out, in Chancery, 
a brieve of Idiotry, or of Idiotry and ffuriosity directed to the Sheriff of 
Elgin and Eorres and his dei)utcs, for cognoscing the said complainer an 
Idiot, in order to set him aside from tlie succession to certain Lands and 
estate devolved upon him by the deatli of Alexander Duff of Drummuir his 
Father.' The same document goes on to state that ' Robert is far from 
being furious and can with no manner of propriety be called ane Idiot ; 
tho' he may be a ])crson subject to melancholy and may have thoughts 
on certain matters particular to iiiniscU", yet can at all times behave himself 
with great decency in company, and is not at all a squanderer of his money, 
is remarkably eminent at pUiying at chess and cards and on musical 


instniniciils, not by iiilcivnis, hut .it all limes, as otlurs arc, thcrcrorc lio 
cannot come undcc I he (Iciinition of an idiot.' 

There is one letter from John to Robert's wile, 17'J(i, whieh rather bears 
out tile theory that llobert was a nonentity. 

Jolin DkJ'I' of Culhhi to Isahdhi Cumpbell, ivife of Eohcrt Bujf of Bnunmuir 
' i\lADAM, — This gcK's by Mr. Forbes who will deliver you the papers, were 
Depositatc in the Commrs hands. You '11 cause Mr. Craig look in to the papers 
to know what further he 's to add, I doc not agree to all contain'd in the last 
niemoriall, but when Mr. Craig is fully satisfied wt. the papers, shall make my 
remarks. You '11 cause take ane double of your Contract of marriage, M'hieh 
rjuist be one of the papers laid before the Lawiers. My Broj'r. Wm. will be here 
next Tuesday in his way for Edinbr., and if you can return me the papers to 
Tannachic or Forres Munday's night wt. the double of your Contract and ane 
Memoriall, shall make my amendments thereon and send them by my Broyr. 
\Vm. which wt. my service to yourself, Brothr. and faiuily, I am, Madam, Your 
affect. Broyr. and most humble Scrt: John Duff. 

'GnANOEHii.r,, \'2th Nov. 172G. 
' To The Lady Drumuire, younger, att her Lodgings in Elgin.' 

The unfortunate Robert died in 1735, when his eldest son Archibald 
was ' going on fifteen.' Isobel, the widow, remarried, within six months, 
the Arthur Gordon of Carnousic, who had previously been married to 
Mary Duff, sister of her first husband, and Archibald was sent to school. 

Four years later, while still under age, his guardians sent him to Gronin- 
gcn to complete his education, and on his way thither he met at Amster- 
dam a young English gentleman who passed by the name of Brown. At 
Brussels in the following year, Duff met him again ; they became intimate, 
and the pretended Brown revealed his real name to be Edward \\'orlley 
"Montagu (the son of Lady Mary Wortley Montagu), who had twice run 
away from \Vcstminstcr School, having been a chimney swecj) on the first 
occasion, and a nuilcteer in Spain on the second.' 

Li 17i;3, DulT and Montagu met again, in I'aris, passed some time 
logelhcr and made various |)lans for tli(' future. Mr. INfontagu then 
entered the Army: Archibald Duff studied law and was called to the Bar.^ 

Tlirce or four years laler Mr. Monlagu relurned lo England, the 

1 111 uflci- life lie became IIinI ,i I^oman Calliolic ami llieii n ^TollallllnC(laTl. 

" Copy o( KeeonI supplied by (lie Treasurer o( the Inner 'Jemplc : 

' AkIiiIi.iI.I Dull (MMicTosiis lilins (iL lieros Knberti Diilf niiper ile PiiiiuiiKire in lidioali 
lliilanuia Airnigen deliinel-i generalitcr adinissus est in sucietaleiii islius coiiiilivc in tonside- 
racione Irinin librarinn sex solidonuu ct oclo dcnarioruni prcmanibus solutoruni decimo nono 
die Augusti Anno Domini 17.(3.' 



intimacy was rello^v(■(l, and liic two IViciuls ayrccd to try and enter Parlia- 
incnl, l)uL Archibald Diifl's iicalLli being I'eeblc he shortly after went to 
llie south of France Cor its recovery. Alter he had been away but four 
montlis he received an urgent summons from l\Ir. Montagu to return 
home, which he did, thougli at some danger to his health, and found 
himself forced by arrangeincnts entered into by Mr. IMontagu and his cousin. 
Lord Sandwich, to take a house at St. Ives, Hunts, and entertain the 
friends of the other two at his own expense, at the same time pecuniarily 
assisting ]\Ir. IMontagu, who was keeping up a similar establishment ; the 
money thus advanced, wliich amounted to about £1000, being considered a 
loan. In 1747 Mr. Jlontagu became M.P. for Huntingdon, and in 1752, 
Lord Sandwich having gained his point, the arrangement came to an end, 
and Mr. Montagu went suddenly abroad without paying his debts. More- 
over, both then and after his return to England, he drew further bills upon 
his friend, who honourably paid them, thougli obliged to borrow money 
for the purpose. 

In the year 1757 the friends met again, and ]\Ir. IMontagu gave a bond 
for £1500, 5s., being the greater part of his debt to Archibald Duff, but for 
certain smaller debts some of Duff's goods were seized and sold upon his 
premises, only a few months before his death. 

A letter from Arthur Gordon to his stepson Archibald, dated July 1742, 
announced the death of Isobel. The letter is addressed c/o ^Eneas Mac- 
donald, banker, Paris. ^ This man was banker for Prince Charles Edward, 
but there is no clue as to whether the sentiments of the young Archi- 
bald leaned to the Royalist cause or not. He remained abroad during 
the troublous times, while his grandmother and the factor dealt with such 
situations as that created by the following letters from the Royalist 
headquarters : 

'IIi'NTi.Y Castle, t'lth December 1745. 

' Sir, — As Lord Lieut, of the Counties of Banff and Aberdeen, I am to raise 
a man upon each hundred pound of valued rent within the same and, where a 
fraction happens, the same must yield a man. As Mr. Duff of Drummuir is 
forth of the Country, I desire you, as his factor, will send to Keith, Tuesday next, 
such a number of sufficient able-bodied men as will answer to the valuation of 
his Estates in tlic parishes of Bottraiphy ; and in like manner to Iluntly the said 
day, able-bodied men answerable to his Estate in the parish of Druniblade ; all 
men are to be well eloathcd, with short cloathcs, plaid, new shoes, and tlu'ce pair 
of hose and accoutred with shoulder Ball Gun, pistolls and sword. I ha\e 
appointed proper officers at both places for receiving the men. I peremptorily 

' There is also amongst the Dartmouth papers a letter from Archibald Duff to the Lords of 
the Ailmiralty about his brother (i.e. half-brother), Arthur Gordon. 


expect your complj'anco, otlicrwisc you may rely upon all manner of military 
execution being forthwith used iif^ainst you, the factor, and the Estate luuler 
your management, wliieh I hope yom- prudence will direct you to avoid, both 
upon your own and Constituents account. — I am, Sir, Vour humble servant, 

' Lewis Gohdon.^ 
' To Mr. Ilary :\Iilnc, Factor to the Laird of Drunnnuir at Miln of Towic' 

To the Same 

'Keith, Wh Prcrmhrr 174.5. 
' Sill, — I am ordered by Lord Lewis Gordon to tell you that no man has yet 
appeared from Drummuir lands of Dunuue. You will therefore give orders 
about that, upon receipt of this, for I have hitherto prevented any parties being 
sent thither, but longer it will not be in my power, so for God's sake prevent any 
hard things happening to the poor people in their master'.s absence there, and 
on the other parts of his estates. — I am, Sir, Your most obliged servant, 

' Joiix GoimoN.' - 

'KKirrr, -IJIh JWrmhrr ]7iri. 
' AiiAM ^f.UTi.ANn,— I have seen no men from the hinds nf Dumnie, tlio' I 
mtimale to Mr. Mill I., .send lluin some lime agoe. I am loath to do harsh 
things, but if you doe not Satisfye this night that they are to be imediatcly 
furnished I am to order -iO men to-morrow to use you all with military execution. 
This you depend I will not fail to doc. So prevent it if you be wise. — I am, Your 
friend, Joirx Gordon. 

' To Adam Maitland, Tomeston. 

' Pay the bearer.' 

Order from Culoncl John Roy Stuart 

' These arc ordering forthwith to be Brought soon to this place, for the use 
of his lloyall Highness, Charles Prince of Wales, one Boll of oats and Sixty stone 
of Straw off each Hundred pound of valued Rent of the Lands and Estate 
Belonging to Lord Braeco within the Parishes of Glass and Botriphy, and Lands 
and Estate of Mr. Duff of Drummuir and Calder of Aswanly within the Said 

' l.diil Lewis Gonlon. youiiRcr son of tlic second Diikc of Gordcin, Icfl tlic T!ri(isli Navy lo 
raise men on liis broUior's lands for the Jacoliitc cause, and lucaini- one ol I'lincc Cluuks 
Edward's generals. lie was one of tlie exiles who languished in poverty in Paris after Cul- 
loden, and is described in a manuscript in the French Foreign Oliice as 'Ires ctourdi ; et 
quelquefois fon, jusqu'A ce que so faire enfermer.' It is interesting to compare him with 
the Lord Lewis Gordon of the previous century, younger .son of the Maniuis of Ilunlly, 
who commanded troops at tlic age of fourteen, an<l by his sudden caprices did so much 
to hamper Montrose, and to wrccU the Royalist cause in the canqiaign whicli endeii in tlie 
tragedy of Carbisdalc, April 27, 1650. 

- The celebrated Jacobite general, John Gordon of Glcnbuckct. 


Purislics under pain of military execution. Gi\cn uL Ilunlh' ujxrn this the 1 Uh 
of Marcli 1710 years by uie, Jo". Kov Stlaut.' » 

To Ilarij Mihi 

' I'lTTiviACii, I7lh March 17-lf!. 

' Silt, — As I am ordered to uplift the Cess and Levy money of the Parishes of 
Boatrifnie, you '11 on reeeipt hereof cause tlie Teimants of the Lands for wliich 
yon are Factor have the money in Readiness to-morrow or next day at furthest 
at Trecyard [a farm on Drninniuir] where I hope to see yourself, otherways you '11 
forgive what may ]ia])]ien on that account ; there is subjoined a note of the 
money demanded, which 1 hope you 'II pro\ ide without Ihe loss of a moment. — 
I am, Sir, Your most humble ser\;uit, Jami:s Stuakt. 

' Li:vY Money 
For Towie bo;:^ and feu-duty 
,, AVestcrton ,, ... 

,, Drummuir ,, ... 

„ Loehend 
„ IJoliarm and Knocken 















2 Scotj 

To the Same 

^Fuciins: 2-itli March 174G. 

' Sin, — I had yesterday a party at your house, for the Cess Levie money 
arrising due out of Drunnnuir Estate, and I was assured by Jlrs. Milne that you 
was this day to be here with it. I waited you till now its jiast twelve o'clock, 
and yet before I would send the Party to doe the Execution appointed against 
Delinquents in payment, to show you that if Hostilities is not prevented by 
payment against to-morrow morning you '11 have yourself and not mc to blame 
for what happens thereafter. — I am. Sir, Your most humble servant, 


To the Same 

'Fdi'iins; 2Uh March \7W. 
'SiK,— I just now saw your Letter to Mr. Gordon, and as I this day have 
wrote you already so jieremptorilj' I neid only here tell you that unless you 

• Jolin Uoy Stiiarl, soldier and poet; of llie lamily of Kincardine in Stratlispey; liad 
been a Onarlcrmaster in the Scots Greys; sub.seiiiionlly became a Jacobite agent, ami joincil 
tlic Frcncli army. Mel Prince Cliarlcs at Blair Atliull m Angust 171.^; wasgiseii rcniinand vi 
the ICdiiibiMnh K<'(;inu'nl in (lie I'rincc's army. 

' Asiihlant-iJuarlcrniastci-CciKial in tlic I'lincc's army. After Cidlodcn lie was m hiding 
at Corsindac. See cliapter .\x. 


conic luTc, mill,l\<nv or oUicr scLUc Ihal affaire with luc, I mUbt of 
necessity, and depend upon it I will, send a party to visite, not only 
your own but likewise all the possessions of the Tenantiy, for allow me 
to tell you that the Prince's Commands will not be balllcd by your childish 
method of absenting yourself for that purjjosc ; and that such methods nmst 
rather oxas2)cratc than mitigate tlic affaire ; so that for your own sake as well 
as the Tenants I would bcgg leave to advise you to be here airly to-morrow 
morning, and not to endeavour on any pretext longer to delay this matter. — I 
am, Sir, Your most humble servant, Ffra-N Gordon. 

' P.S. — It you lun'C not money, I am satisfied to accept of your bill.' 

To the Commanding Officer of MackintosJis BuUaVion 

' You are hereby ordered instantly to repair with a party to the Lands of 
Drununuir and there cause burn and destroy the Corns and effects of llary 
Miln, Factor for Drununuir, James Gall in Slackgrainy, Arthur George in 
Drununuir, John Chalmers in Brachcad, and in gcncrall all others Drummuir's 
Tennents for contemptuously disobeying His Koyall Highness orders for paying 
the levie money deiuanded, and to bring such of the Tennents of Drunuiuiir 
lands such as you can lind, Prisoners to this place with their horses chattels all 
to be detained till the foresaid orders be complycd with, which are not to be 
execute till to-morrow after twelve o'clock, and this shall be a Protection to the 
persons of the said Ilary Miln and other tennents to pass and repass to and from 
Fochabers for adjusting the said affair, and Patrick Cruiekshank in Cottertown 
of AVcstertown is ordered under pain of military execution this night to intimate 
this order for doing of which this is a suflieieat warrand. Given att Spcymouth 
this 2Gth March 1710. John Drummond.' i 

To Mr. Ilary Mibi 

' FociiAiJKUs, 2IW/1 Mni-ch 1710. 
■ Sir, — I received from the Bearer Twenty pound Sterling to acct. payment 
of the Levie money, for which have sent you my Ivecciiit. Why after so many 
assurances sent you both by Lord John Drunmiond and me for your safety in 
conuiiing to tliis Town to settle tliis matter, you should show such diindcnce in us 
or awkwardness in yourself, I can't comprehend unless you inmiagine that I 
am much amused and sett off with triflling puymts. of this kind. If this is your 
scheme, you '11 surely find j'ourself Decciv'd in it. I formerly wrote that if you 
had not money I was satisfied to accept of your Bill and since that offer was 
neglected I don't think myself bound to sliow cither Lenity to the Tennents or 
you, and I, once for all, tell you that, as sure as (kid is in heaven, my Intention 

• Lord John Dnimmond, afterwards fourth titular Duke of Perth; brother of the third 
Duke. Raised a regiment of Royal Scots in the French bCivice. During the Jacobite cam- 
paigu he commanded the French auxiliaries. 


is lha(, hotli you :uul IIk v sh:>\\ know llic cfrrrls of al.usc.l I'alimrc. II.. w fniT 
I'll j,'.-ll my,i,.ii (XceuLc, llic will provr. - I ;.in, sir, Voiii- 
most liiiniblc S(.tvI., Fkuan (Joudon.' 

'FociiAiiKiis, '2tt!h M<i,rh 1740. 
' Recci\-cd by mc, Collector of the Cess and Lcvie money of Banffshire, 
from Ilary Milne, faetor of Drummuir's Estate, the sum of Twenty pounds 
sterling to account of the Levie money arrising due out of Drimmiuir's Estate, 
at the rate of Five Pounds Sterling on each Ilundcred pound Scotts of valued 
rent. Ffran Gordon. 

' [i.e.) £5 out of every £8, 10. 8.' 

MM.riiA.n:iis, ilh April 17in. 

' Received by mc, Collector of the Cess and Levie money of Banffshire, from 
Ilary Miln, faetor on the Estates of Drunmiuir, Loehend and Knocken the sume 
of twelve hundred and ninety-seven pound sixteen shilling Scots as the Levie 
money ariscing due out of these Lands belonging to Drummuir, at the rate of 
Five pounds Str.on each hundred pound Scots of valued rent, as also one hundred 
and eleven pound seventeen sjiilling and two pennies Scots as the Cess of the fore- 
said lands due at and proceeding the twenty-fifth duy of March last of which Levie 
money and Cesses, the said Ilary Miln as ffactor and all concerned in payment 
thereof are discharged by FruAN GoiiDOX.' 

This is the sum received on bclialf of Prince Charles from Drummuir 
lands in Banffshire only. It docs not include Dumuie in Aberdeenshire. 

Besides the money the tenants in Banffshire contributed corn and straw 
for the Prince's army, receipts for which are to be found at Drummuir 
signed by James Harvie, Keith, March (various days) 1746. 

'To the OfTicers or principal Inhabitants of the Parish of Boatrifny. 

' These doc hereby ordainc the heritors or their doers and tenants of the 
Parish of Boatrifny to send in to ffochabers two hundred and fifty stone of straw 
and ten Bolls of oats for the use of His Royal Highness forces this day, and that 
under pain of Military execution to be done against them if not imcdiately 
obey'd. Given at Fochabers this Cth April 1740. I\Iat. Bagot.' i 

To Mr. Hary Miln 

' Sir, — You are hereby ordered to deliver, or cause the tennents of 
Drummuir's estate deliver, in to His Royall Highness Magazine here, and that 
at or before twelve o'clock to-morrow forenoon, ccrtyfying both you and them 

French-Irish officer in Prince Charles's army, commanded the Jacobite Hussars. 



that military execution ^vill he done immediutely thereafter against your farms 
and effects." Given at ffochabers, this 0th day of April 17-lG. 

' Peutii.' 1 

And one letter after Culloden from the opposing party, whicli must, 
one would think, lia\c found but little provision left to commandeer. 

' To Mr. Ilaric Milne, at Mill of Towie, 
'Factor fc^r Drunmmir. 

' IViiiTsov, IO//1 ilnij 1740. 

' Sin, — There being a Demand for a large quantity of meal for the use of the 
armie at In\-eruess, \vhieii I am employed to buy, I have sent you this day by 
express, desiring you '11 order in to mc licre on Tuesday next, two hundred bolls 
of meal of the Farms of Drummuir for which I am to pay ten merles ])er boll in 
July next. I am ordered to intimate to all noblemen and gentlemen in this 
county that unless this demand is emediately complycd with, a Rcgmt. of men 
will be sent to take the meal for nothing, and to pillage the houses of those who 
refuse ; so I will expect your ready coniplyanee and am, — Your most humble 
servant, Ai.kxk. ]>Kr.iiNi;i!.' 

Archibald resided very little on his own projierty, ^\■herc the manor 
house, built about 1670, appears to have become ruinous, as we find he 
built tlie Kirkton House, near the present castle, which he described as his 
' little cabin in Botriphnie.' 

He lived chiefly in South Audley Street, but died at ' the Hot Springs 
of Bristol,' August 10, 1788. 

He never married, and was succeeded by John, eldest son of his fa-st 
cousin, Alexander of Davidston, then only six years old. He had at various 
times lent considerable sums of money to his first cousin, William, in the 
Navy, and a family compromise is still extant whereby William's surviving 
brotliers and sisters agreed to repay some of the debt to Archibald's heirs. 

Two of Archibald's letters are added : 

To Ilia cousin, Laclilan Duff] ]J'.S. 

' l.n.vnoN-, Jiin. r,lh, 177U. 
' De.vr Sin, — . . . .\s so many of our Secjteh Gentry have undertaken to 
raise Regiments and drain the Country of its Inhabitants, for their particular 
emolument, and as Coll. Gordon (Fifey) has I am told, already begun his opera- 
tions, I beg you will take the most prudent and effectual steps to prevent tJic 
beat of the Drum, or any other warlike call, from being heard, or at least prevent 

' James, tliinl liliilar Diil;e of Perth, IJeiitcnant-Gencral in Prince Cliarlcs's army, cscapeil 
after Culloden, and died on his way to France. 


il,s iiiU'iHlcd cffrcl in .uir Kin-.lon. or Tcrrihiiics -;„„1 I hi, I, you \vrilo to I\Ir 
iMcrison,' .Mr. Milae,- and Sanders,-' and if y,,n lliink pro|Hr cvvu In 
parson Angus,' and lo any olhcr person you may cunsidrr as a-pro-pos on lliu 

' Your cusin Coll. Uuff ^ sets out for Edr. to-nioirow. I wish him all 
success, and I hope he, and by his friends assistance, will be able and with credit 
and expedition too complete his engagements. I need say no more to you, but 
take care, as much as i)ossible, of our little handful of Folks at home — can think 
of notiiing farther at jjresent haveing just parted wt. the Coll: half-fou and 
half-sick, and half-anything you please, etc., but at all times, most sincerely 
yours, etc., AitciiD. Duff.' 

To the same, a few weeks liet'ore tlic death of the writer : 

' Lunik, N, April 20th, 1778. 

' Dfar Sir, — Referring to my last which exhausted most of my particulars, 
I have now only to add that the present VLiy iudilferent situation of my health 
lias hilherto prevented my lixing any ])lan for the ensueing Summer. Indeed, 1 
have been atlvised to go to the South of France, and should jjrobably ha\'c 
I'oUiiwed that advice had not the present lUipture between the two nations 
happened, but it would be very uncomfortable to be in an Enemy's Country, 
altho' permission might be obtained. If I don't get much better, I shall not 
cross the Grampians this season, and yet it will be proper that you and I shoidd 
meet sonicwlure — but we will be better aljle to make the ai)pointmcnt some time 
hcnet'. Wh.lhcr this ov.rtakes you in f'-dinburgli or follows you to the North, 
I lug to hearlroiu you as soon alU r the Kiccijit of it as you have an opportunity, 
\vith advice, I hope, that all our affairs m the latter arc well settled for the 
present, etc. This is an exjjensive place and as all the world (except the French 
Ambassador and the American Congress) arc here, and hereabouts at present, 
it is an expensive time, even for a person in bad health. Some animation is 
therefore immediately necessary and, in case of the French journey should 
l)ecomc absolutely necessary, Bags, Baggage, and -Forage money must be some- 
how provided. As I have got into military Language, I will touch a military 
subject, to say I am exceeding sorry for the late Plan of raising Fencible Kegi- 
ments. After the country is already drained of more than its useless hands, it 
is too much to endeavour to render the rest useless also, which a service of that 
kind will certainly do. 

' I think I see my old Friend Bognie, like a second Nestor, mustering his men 
upon the green ; but I ho])eyou will fall upon some plan to j)re\ent our Kingdom 
from being Gordonized u|)on this occasion. -Believe me, always most sincerely. 
Yours, etc., etc., "Aiuiid. Duff. 

'To Mr. Laehlan Duff, "Writer to the Signelle, Edinburgh.' 

» 0£ Bognie and Mountblairy. ^ His factor. 3 His grieve. 

* Minister of Botriphnie. ' .Mexander Duff of Davidston. 





John Duff of Culbin, variously spelt Cowbin, Cubinc, or Culbcn, was an 
unlucky man. 

Tlic Morayshire estate which his father bouglit for him was ill-omened. 
About IG'J t or 1G!)5 Alexander Kinnaird, in whose family the estate had 
been for over three hundred years, petitioned Parliament to be ' relieved 
from payment of cess, because his estate of Cubinc was nearly all covered 
with sand and the mansion-house and orchard destroyed,' and some two 
years later 25,000 merks Avere advanced on it by William Duff of Inverness 
and his son Alexander, and a disposition of wadset ^'ranted to them. 
Possession was confirmed to Alexander on July 27, 1G98, at Inverness.^ 

On February 15, 1725, Alexander Duff of Drunnnuir disponed the estate 
by dee<l to his second son John, and on the same date conveyed to him the 
lands of Easter Moy bought from Ludovick Dunbar." 

' Kinnaird stating in the deed of transference that ho makes over the estate ' with his 
goodwill and blessing.' 

" Besides containing a minute description of the lands, there is also embodied in the deed 
the following clause : ' As also I hereby dispone to and in favour of the said John Dufl and his 
foresaids, all the desks, seats, burying place and any other accomodation right and privilege 


Eaird describes Jolm Duff as 'ugood riiciidly lioncsl iii;ui, wliouiiliai)|)ily 
Icll into acquaintance with Maekay of Seourie ' and iiis broLlier lioni Llic 
sliirc of Ross, who did not intlecd deserve tlie name of Gentlemen. Tliey 
got him engaged witli them in a company trading to Nortli America, by 
alluring him with the prospects of great profits, but for carrying on of which 
he was obliged to furnish all the money, and as there was a continual outlay 
and no returns, at least to Cowbin, the honest Gentleman was in a few years 
ruined, and everybody was convinced he had been cgregiously imposed 
upon by the Maekays.' ' Patrick Maekay and William his brother with- 
drew themselves with tlie moneys. Bonds, bills, Books of accompts. Vouchers 
and other valuable effects of the said Company. There being diverse and 
sundry claims against Jolm Duff of Cubine.' Amongst the creditors cf the 
firm were John Duff, merchant in Elgin, and William Duff, third son of 
Drummuir (i.e. iMuirtown). Among the personal creditors of John of 
Culbin were Robert Duff of Drummuir, his brother ; Miss Katherine Duff, 
his sister; Alexander of Braco ; Alexander of Ilatton ; James of Corsindae ; 
Jlary Duff, Lady Tannachy. In 17-f8 Patrick Maekay of Seourie, one of the 
above-mentioned In'others, in partial reparation, made over to Helen Duff, 
second wife and widow of John Duff, a jjortion of land which he owned in 
South Carolina and Georgia. This was afterwards conveyed to Thomas 
Duff Gordon, Helen's grandson, who in 1811 made it over to John and 
Archibald Duff, liis cousins. The latter, with his younger brother William, 
went out to America to look at the land, but it is not known what became 
of it afterwards. 

John Duff lived at Moy IIoiisc, near Forres. 

In 1730, in consequence of his losses in connection with the Maekays 
and other misfortunes, John Duff went bankrupt,- and made over to his 
creditors, amongst other profjcrty, ' that great tenement Lodging or 
dwelling house, lying within the borough of Forres, and the manor place 
tower and fortalicc of Cull)in,' and in January 173;3 the estate was sold by 
public roup in Edinburgh for under £1000 (Eraser Mackintosh, Anliqitariaii 
Nolcs, i««r.). 

He married, in 1701, Mary Gordon of Ellon,^' who died June ti'J, 1727. 

competent to me of or within the cluirclics of Dyke and Moy and cliiircliyaids thereof, ami all 
title and interest I have or ean pretend thereto, to be peaceably po.ssessed and enjoyed by hinx 
and his aforesaids as his and their property in all time after my decease ' (Fraser Mackintosh, 
Antiquarian Notes). 

' It is interesting to nolo that General Maekay who commanded in Scotland in 1OS9 was of 
this family. 

» There is a letter from John Dulf, senior, Provost of Klt^in, dated February 27, 1731, to 
Andrew Hay of Mounlblairy , asking for information as to ' what Cabin's creditors have resolved." 

' Whose brothers were murdered by their tutor in Edinburgh. 


A rricmorandiim in laded ink, addrtssed ' to llic Ladio Mackintosh of Moy 
(Ills sister) at C'ul)iii,' ^ivi's llie following' pari ieiilars of .lolin's first family: 
1. 'His son Ai,i;xANDEK, horn November '24, 1725.' "J. ' His daugiitcr Beth, 
born June 19, 17'27, of wliieli lier motlicr dyed of six days illness, and licr- 
self after being two or three years old' — 1730. Jolni married, secondly, 
Ileleii Gordon of Park, daughter to Sir James, second baronet,^ and sister 
to Sir William Gordon the Jacobite. Jolm died in 1713. 
His children by Helen Gordon were : 

3. James, 2 born November 20, 1729 ; a Captain in the 40th Regiment ; 
died 1780. 

4. William, born February 14, 1731 ; afterwards a Master Commander 
in the Navy ; died in Jamaica 1701.^ 

5. Katiierine, born March 14, 1732 ; married to Alexander Morison * 
of r?ognie, and had issue — John, Helen, Kathcrinc, and Jean, 

Mrs. IMorison died in 1803. 

0. John, born July 25, 1733 ; a Lieutenant in the Marines, retired and 
lived in IMacdulf. He died abroad, intestate, in 1794, and administration 
of his estate was granted to his ' brother James and brother Laehlan.' * 

7. Anne, born May 25, 173G, died unmarried, 17C6. 

8. Helen, born September 28, 1737, and is buried in the old kirk at 
Moy. ' Below this stone lyes the body of Helen Duff, daughter to John 
Duff of Cubin and Helen Gordon his spouse, who departed this life 
2Cth Nov. 1747.' 

9. And finally, Laciilan, born July IG, 1741, of whom presently. 
Helen Duff herself died in 1707, and her will, as proved before Keith 

Urquhart," Sheriff-Deputy of Banffshire, contains the following provisions : 

' Laehlan Duff my third surviving son, to be my sole executor.' 
' To my son James, my gold watch. 

' See chapter xxxvii. 

" 1750. Kogiment of Colonel the Earl of Drumlanrig — Ensign James Duff, June 2, 1747, 
4th Company. Described as ' James Duff, son to Cubbin.' Later, January 3, 1757. Pensioned 
Ensign James Dufi (Scots Brigade in Holland). 

On January 11, 1757, James Duff became a Lieutenant in the First Highland Battalion on 
the raising of the Regiment. In 1758 the Regiment became 62nd Foot, in 1759 the 77th 
Foot, and 1764 it disappeared, and James Duff became a Captain on half-pay. On February 
28, 1766, he was brought into the 40th Foot as Captain. 15ccame Major August 29, 1777, 
died 1780 (Army Lists). 

^ There is a transfer, dated 1773, to Captain John Gordon of Park of 'all interest which John 
Duff, Lieutenant of Marines, hail to the ellccts of his deceased brother Wilham.' 

' Of Alexander's father, Theodore Morison of Bognie, who died in 17G6, itwas said, ' He lived 
without an enemy, and died williout a groan.' 

' J!cgisU-rs, Somerset House. " Sec chapter x. 

' Three sons only were then living, and one daughter. 


' To Ildcn Morisoii, my }^'raiicl-(luii;,;lil<T, my ten [)l;ilc anil (•(iiiii)nf;c, mid my 
best Dumask tabic cloLli. 

' To Katlieriiio and Jean Morisons, each a tabic cloth and napkins. 

' To John Duff, my 2nd son, a piece of cloth for shirts. 

' T(j Lachlun Duff, one or two pieces of fine linen for shirts and all the best 
of the remaining bed and table linen, about six changes of each, and to Katherine 
Morison, all the rest and all the body cloaths to be used and disposed by htr as 
she shall think proper.' 

(In view of the value attached to all this fine linen, one is led to wonder 
whether this notable housewife had herself spun it.) 

' To my son James, in place of gold watch 20 guineas, and the said gold watch 
to my grandson John Morison.' ' 

John of Culbin's son by liis first wife seems to have inherited some of 
his father's ill-luck. According to his grandmother's letters he was 
apparently destined for the law, but decided for himself to adopt the army 
as a profession, in spite of his grandmother's dislike to this course. 

His first commission dates from October 14, 1759. 

When, in that year, a French invasion was threatened, he got a com- 
pany in Colonel Morris's newly raised Highland Kegiment, the 89th, and 
had to raise sixty men or forfeit the company, which was the occasion of 
the following letter to his fatlicr's second cousin, Lord Fife : 

Alexander Dujf of Davidston to William, Lord Fife 

'Inveiiness, cm Dec. 1759. 

' My Lord, — I beg ten thousand pardons for not waiting of your Lordship 
and my Lady Fife, when I was last in the East country. I was then soUicitiiig 
for a Company in Coll. Morris Highland Regiment and was in Such a hurry and 
confusion, that I scarce knew what I was doeing. I hope your Lordship and 
Lady Fife will be so kind as forgive mc. I have at last, with some diflieulty, 
procured a Company, but I have the burden of CO men upon my Shoulders. 
Mr. George ]\forrison haveing got a Company in the same Regiment, makes my 
Recruiting more dillieult, as his Brother will give him all the assistance which 
I might have expected if Mr. George had not been in the field. 

' We are told by the Collnl. that if we do not raise our quota of men, we shall 
be superceded. I am the only one of the Clan that is a capn. in the Army. I 
hope they will stand by a Clansman and not sec him affronted. Our Rank in 
the Regiment depends upon our soon raseing our quota of men. If your Lord- 
ship would be so kind as give mc your countenance, it would be doeing me a 
vcrry signall Service and laying mc under anc obligation never to be forgot by 
myself or ffriends. 

The copy now at Drumrauir extracted by James Duff, Sheriff-Clerk. 


' I liavc a few men already, and will wiLli all my heart give 5 guineas for every 
good man. 

' I depend upon your Lordship's Goodness in my present Situation. My 
best respects to my Latly Fife. And I have the honour to be, with tlie greatest 
respect. My Lord. — Your Lordshijj's most obcdt. and most humble Servt., 

' Alkxu. Duff.' ' (0.) 

As the S9th Regiment was in India from 17G0 to 17G3, Alexander Duff 
saw some foreign service. 

In 17()1 tlic regiment disappeared from tlie Army List, and Alexander 
Did'f became a Captain on balf-]iay. 

lie married, in 1771, his first cousin IMagdalcn, daughter of William 
Duff of Muirtown, by whom he had five children : 

1. Mary, born and died during the first year of marriage. 

2. John, who succeeded to Drummuir, born 1772. 
8. Archibald, wiio succeeded John, born 1773. 

i. William, born 1774', afterwards a W.S. in I'klinburgli, and died, 
1809, in London. 

5. Alexander, born 1775, who died young. 

Captain Alexander died on January 24, 1778, a few months before his 
cousin Archibald, whom he would otherwise have succeeded in the estate 
of Drummuir. 

Magdalen, his widow, married again, in 1780, the Rev. Andrew Maefar- 
lane, at one time Bishop of Ross, and later of Argyll." The second marriage 
was not approved of by the Duff family, as the bridegroom's birth was not 
considered equal to hers. The only detail preserved about Dr. Macfarlane 
is that he had ' seventeen uncles, college bred,' truly a wonderful feat for 
any family. 

Drummuir papers say : ' She formed an unlucky connection and married 
a man noways suited to her own or her late husband's situation in life, so 
the children were taken from her, and Lachlan Duff, their uncle, appointed 
as their tutor.' There was a large family of Macfarlancs, of whom four 
were surviving at the date of their half-brother John Duff's death : 

Arthur, Major in the Hon. East India Company's service. 

Magdalen, married Dr. Maclachlan — no issue. 

Duff, married Rev. Charles Fyvic — no issue. 

Andrew, who left a wife and a posthumous child in Chili. ^ 

' On the cover, in Lord Fife's own somewhat illegible hand, there is written : ' Cubine 
asliinR asHistiinco to raso his Comiiany : December 175').' 

» 'lliere is a portrait of Magdalen at Miiirlown. 

» There is a letter from Magdalen M.acfarlanc to Lord Fife, undated, asUing for prcfcrnicnt 
for her son Kol)ert in the Church, and mentioning that his two elder brothers are abroad. 


Jolin. Archil);il(l, iiiul Willinni niiff were sciiL by I luir ^Mianli.-umnclc- ((. 
jiti ncndciiiy ;it, MarycMillcr (where were alsu I he yoiinncr sons oC Adiiiiriil 
Uobert JJulT ol' Logic). John procectlcd, at tlic age ol' fourteen, to Edin- 
burgh University, wlicrc lie made good progress, and some three years 
later went to I'aris to ac(]uirc the French language, and being driven from 
thence by the troubles of the Revolution, proceeded to Switzerland, where 
he remained for two years, and during part of that time kept a delightful 
journal, apparently addressed to his uncle Lachlan. 

John Duff's Journal {begun at Lausanne, January 9, 1790) 

' I arrived in Paris in May 1789. I found enough to occupy my attention 
in the novelty of the scene which that Capital presented to me and the pro- 
ceedings of the " Etats Gencraux " (or Assembled Nationalc) who were be- 
ginning to shew their importance. As to write you an account of what happened 
in Paris during the five months I staid in it, and during which such a surprising 
revolution was effected, would be too tedious. ... I shall only mention . . . 
facts as they occur to me. ... I shall then leave Paris of which I was tired 
enough, by the time I left it, on account of the horrid barbarities wliich I saw 
conmiitted in it. When the King of France still enjoyed his dignity of 
" Grand Monarque " (tho' not with all the Power of his predecessor), and when 
the Court of Versailles was still in its splendour, I and some others of my country- 
men went there, out of Curiosity to see the royal family. It was upon a Sunday, 
and wc had the good fortune to sec them all several times. An English officer 
and I, as we were in full dress, went to see the King and Queen dine. I observed 
in the Queen, who sat by the King whilst he dined (as she herself dines in private) 
that haughty look of the house of Austria, which has been so often remarked in 
her and which has been so cruelly humbled since. It was lucky we had gone at 
that time, as I believe it was almost the last that the royal family appeared in 
j)ublic. The tumults of Paris began soon after and everyone knows what 
followed. . . . About the middle of October, after the King, Queen, and royal 
familic were brought to Paris by the mob, I resolved to quit it. As it was 
necessary to have a passport, I had gone to the Hotel dc Ville for that purpose. 
I was told I nmst have a eertifieate from my Ambassador. I went and called 
upon Lord llobert Fitzgerald, from whom I had one immediately. Upon re- 
turning to the Hotel dc Ville I was told that no passports were then given, not 
even to Strangers, by order of the Council. An Englishman of the name of 
Clifford, who had come to Paris with a sister, and wished to return to England 
iinmediately, was refused in the same manner and upon asking the reason why 
I hey refused Passports to Strangers, they replied, " It was not their pleasure to 
give any." Piqued at this impertinent answer, he formed the resolution of 
Avriling to the National Assembly at Versailles, to complain of this injustice. 
He accordingly wrote and expressed himself strongly upon the injustice of de- 
taining strangers in Paris against their desire, at the same time that they were 

'I • i <-, li. 


professing the principles of liberty and passing laws to assure that of individuals, 
lie ends his letter with telling them, " In vain they had demolished the Uastille 
and razed its walls to the ground, all Paris was a liastille lor us." Mr. Gordon, 
President of the Scots College, with whom he was acquainted, knowing I was 
likewise very much piqued with having been refused a Passport, came to me, 
with the Letter which was extremely well expressed in French, and asked me to 
sign it, which Clifford had already done, and at the same time put his address, 
in order to receive an answer. I signed my name with great pleasure, and Mr. 
Gordon immediately despatched the Letter to Versailles, directed to the Presi- 
dent of the National Assembly. In some days after, we received accounts 
that the Letter had been publiekly read in the Assembly, very much applauded, 
and that orders had been sent to the Hotel de Ville of Paris, to give the two 
English Gentlemen Passports immediately. I accordingly set out for Switzer- 
land some days after, without waiting to sec whether Clifford would receive an 
answer to his Letter. I arrived at Geneva in a few days, without meeting with 
anything remarkable on the way. We had, to be sure, occasion to remark the 
insolence of the " Messieurs Bourgeois " in the little towns and villages thio' 
which we passed. They seemed all remarkably proud of having guns upon 
their shoulders, and very eager to show their power. Upon our entering into a 
small village upon the borders of Switzerland, called St. Laurent, the Centinil 
called to the Postilion to stop ; as there were only a few paces to the " Hotel," 
the man drove on : upon which the Centinil levelled his piece, but seeing the 
Carriage stop, put it up again. AVe only laughed at it at the time, thinking it 
nothing but a little parade in the fellow, who perhaps had never handled a gun 
before in his life. Upon descending at an Inn next day, we were told that the 
evening before at that Village, a Centinil had fired on a carriage (because the 
Postilion had drove on to the Inn, which was only at a few paces distance from 
where he had called), had shattered it, but lucidly had not hurt any of the 
Passengers, who happened to be two Englishmen. From this you may judge of 
the danger there was in travelling thro' France, at that time, when there was a 
similar " milice " in all the towns and no subordination whatever. . . . Got 
to Geneva. Then went on to Lausanne, where I stayed ... at the Lion D'Or, 
the best Inn in the Town. I changed a Bill on which I lost 4% on account of 
the present state of France. . . . At Lausamie our anuisemcnts consist in Public 
ISalls and assemblies and small musical coneerLs and Soirees ; at the Soirees we 
drink tea, play at cards, and talk, also we play billiards. ... It is generally 
remarked that the English acquire a bad character by dissijiation in the towns 
they freijuent abroad, suid are on that account often excluded from or are but 
iiulifferently received in the Society of the Place. I don't think those (English) 
here at present much inclined to vice of any kind, and even if they were, there 
is not nuich opportunity of indulging it. I have not been witness to a single 
excess but one since I came here, and that was at Christmas, a time celebrated 
here, not by feasting, as with us, l)ut by fasting and prayers. You nuiy easily 
believe we did not follow the example of the good peoi)le of Lausanne.' 


lie tlicn procucds to <fivc n vvvy vivid (k-.s('ii|)li()ii oC a New Ycir's 
diniur ut wliicii all the iind Irish in Lausanne were jjiesent, and ui 
the excesses whicli took j)lacc, and their unpleasant consequences to him- 
self. He was at this time barely eighteen, and the gravity with which he 
discusses the relative effects of an excess of port or of claret shows an 
unnatural precocity which fully justifies the amount of anxious good 
advice to be found in the letters of his uncle and guardian Lachlan. He 
also devotes a good deal of sjiace to descriptions of the various fair ladies 
he met at the public balls which he frequented, which apparently began at 
6 P.M. He naively states that he had some difficulty in persuading his 
foreign friends of his extreme youth. The valse, which he there saw for 
the first time, struck him as ' a little odd. The gentleman clasjis the lady 
round the waist, and she seizing him by the arms they thus whirl round and 
round, keeping time to the music' He found Switzerland more expensive 
than Paris, and suffered a good deal at one time from the parsimony of a 
Swiss landlady who mixed potatoes in the bread to make it go further, and 
charged a portion of sour milk sent uj) one day ^vith his colTcc, in lieu of 
cream, as a separate item. 

He obviously acquired a certain mastery of the French language, as 
he occasionally uses it as a vehicle for his feelings. He met one interesting 

'. . . Jan. 27th, 1790, at a Ball at Lausanne. In a short time I was gratified 
with the sight of Mr. Gibbon, ^ whom I had never seen before. He is one of the 
ugliest little figures I ever saw. It is impossible to give a description of him that 
would give any idea of the original, and the plate you see prefixed to his book, 
tho' none of the handsomest, yet Hatters him extremely. . . . He is of an over- 
bearing, disagreeable character and far from being liked here, where he is almost 
never seen in ComiJany, except in the particular circles he frequents. The 
English never call upon him, nor pay him the least attention as he never returns 
it, and lu' has often behaved very impolitely even to those who have had letters 
of Introduction to him.' 

On his return from Switzerland, John Duff obtained a commission 
(on February 3, 1791) as Cornet in the 1st Dragoon Guards, by the favour 
of Lord Fife, who describes him in a letter of the period, as ' a very worthy 
young man.' In June of the same year he was transferred to the 1st 
Foot Guards. He did not reside in Scotland again, though he jjaid occa- 
sional visits to his estate. The charms of the continent seem to have 
liad })OWcrful atlraclion for liim, for when he left the Army in 179S — as 
Captain of the 93rd Foot — he lived chiefly in Paris (first in the Rue d'Artois, 

' Author of The Decline and Fall of the Roman Umpire. 

H^: DUFF or ot-l-ummuir 

CXresseri as IJa.T.lct) 

^j, Aruith.-ci Jun 


al'tcrwards in tlic Uuv dc Seine), where he miule a wonderl'ul eollecLion ol' 
china and otiier ubjcls dc vcrtu, some of whieh are now at Drumnniir. 
His estates were managed by liis uncle Lachlan. When Lachlan died in 
180S, this office devolved on John's brother Archibald. 

At John's death in 183G, an attempt was made on the part ol' the French 
authorities to prove that he was a naturalised Frenchman, or at least not a 
Scotsman, with a view to succession duty, and Archibald drew up a long 
memorial to prove the contrary, of which the following is a brief abstract : 

' John Duff resided in London not from choice, but because he was an officer 
in tlic Guards. lie was always a subject of the ICing of England. 

' He had a house upon his property of Drununuir, the small Kirktown House, 
but being in«uch a desolate part of the country, buried in snow in winter, where 
no proprietor could take up his residence for more than a few months in the year, 
he thought it sufficiently good for the short time he could be in it. The last 
time he was there, he was frightened away by a fall of snow in September 1S18, 
and never visited Scotland again during the remaining IS years of his life. But 
he corresponded frecpiently with his brother upon the details of the estate 
management. In ISOO, he sent down about £700 worth of furniture from Gillows 
in Oxford St. the first upholsterer in London, in order to occupy his house him- 
self, with friends; the beds, seven in number, being of the very finest description, 
and he always kept servants in the house. When in France he lived at one time 
in a hotel in the Rue Richelieu. Before his death he purchased the chateau of 
llichebourg, styling himself " un gentil Homme eeossais," but never lived there, 
as he had a hired house in the Rue de Seine, where he was attended by a \alet, 
and a cook who came in by the day.' 

Archibald was able to establish his point, and succeeded to the estate 
in full. 

John Duff was buried in the cemetery of P^re Lachaisc, in Paris ; lie 
had jiosscsscd the estate of Drummuir for nearly sixty years. 

The following letter was written by him to Sir James Duff of Kinstair, 
presumably diu'ing his last visit to Drummuir : 

' Kp;itii, Tuesday mg. 

' My dear Sir James, — As I have not ordered my paper to be forwarded to 
me this year, we shall feel the want of a London pa]5er during the short time I 
propose remaining at Botriphny. As the Morning Chronide did not appear to 
be made any use of at Duff House, if it is not preser\-ed or sent anywhere, it 
would afford us some amusement if Lord Fife would permit it to be sent to 
Botriphny. I would willingly pay the postage and I should be in no hurry to 
receive it, as I merely wish not to miss the succession of news and the details, 
which the Scotch papers do not always furnish. If the pnpcr is Maiited at Duff 
House, pray do not say anything respecting my wish to have it. \\\- have 

VOL. 11. M 


hivakfiislcd Iktc ;uk1 iirc f^'oiii^' (in. II, was lliminlit licLlcr lliat ii)y brotlier 
Win. should remain al I'ark and not expose liinisell' lo cold — and I pioj)ose lliaL 
lie shall move soutliwurds as soon as possiljle. — I remain, my dr. Sir Jas., In 
haste, Yours truly, J. Duff.' (K.) 

Archibald, the second son of Alexander and Magdalen, was born at 
the house of Davidston ; at tlie time of his expected arrival scarlet fever 
broke out in the house. Mrs. Duff was therefore removed to a room in 
one corner of the house, the passage leading to this part was walled up, and 
a new door made communicating with the outside. These arrangements 
still exist. 

Archibald Duff entered the Navy, and has left the following account of 
his services : 

' He entered as midshipman on board II. M.S. Champion in June 1788, and 
served two years in her. The remainder of his midshipman's service was with 
Ca])t. GeorH:c Duff in the Martin, Glory, and Duke, and as Lieutenant with liim 
in the Ainhiiscade and Glciiinore. lie was afterwards appointed to the Foud- 
royunt. and retained by Lord Nelson as one of his Lieutenants when the latter 
hoisted his Hag in this shij), and was at tlie capture of the Genercux, etc., off 
Malta. From the Foudroyant he went into Queen Charlotte flagship, and was 
burnt out of her, about six weeks afterwards, off Leghorn. \Vas, with others, 
put on board the Minotaur in which ship Lord Keith hoisted his flag, and from 
her was appointed acting Captain in the Bon Citoyen, but (not being confirmed 
by the Admiralty) went as 1st Lieutenant of the Guillaume Tell, 80 guns. Was 
again appointed as 1st Lieutenant to the Foudroyant, in which he served during 
the Egyptian expedition. On the capture of Cairo he was appointed to the 
Mendovi and sent home with despatches, but (his promotion not being confirmed 
by Lord St. Vincent) he again joined the Foudroyant as 1st Lieutenant. After- 
wards appointed to the Lutinc prison ship at Minorca ; this \essel being ' broken 
at peace,' a few weeks afterwards. 

' On the breaking out of hostilities, about two years later, he was appointed 
to the Megara fire-ship in the Channel, with a few small vessels employed in the 
blockade of enemy's ports. The Megara, in about a year, was found unservice- 
able, and paid off. 

' In 180C he was promoted Post-Captain. In 1808 appointed to the Muros 
at Plymouth, and despatched with a convoy to Halifax. From there he went to 
the W'est Indies, where the pilot ran the ship on a reef, going into harbour off 
Bahia Bonda, a port ten leagues west of Havannah. The Spaniards were 
fortifying it, and Capt. A. Duff considered it important to intercept their work, 
which he did on his own responsibility, and afterwards returned to the Bahamas 
with all the crew which he had brought off in his own boats. After being 
acquitted by a Court of Enquiry into his conduct held at Jamaica, he returned 
to England, and in 1813 was appointed to the President of 38 guns, on the 


Coik sl,;ilioii, whence lie w;is deUicheil to protect the North of En{;l;uKl iiiul 
Ireland. The War hei.if,' over, he was off at \Vo(jIwieli.' 

Ilis later promotions were as follows : 

To be a retired Rcar-Admiral, 1838 ; Rear-Admiral of the Blue, ISIO ; 
Vice- Admiral of the Red, 1849. 

Archibald Duff invented a tube sight for pointing guns, which he sub- 
mitted to the Admiralty in 1804. In 1799 he saved the life of a man who 
fell overboard at night, and received the Humane Society's medal. 

Unlike his brother and predecessor, Archibald was ver}' fond of Scotland, 
and resided a good deal at the house of Braemoriston, near Elgin (which 
he had built), also paying frequent visits to the small house previously 
alluded to as the Kirktown House of Drummuir. In 1848 he began the 
erection of the present house of Drummuir, which was completed in two 
years, at a cost of £10,000. 

Admiral Duff was a man of strong individuality and somewhat restless 
nature. A Radical in j^olitics in his early life, he was active in assisting the 
Liberal party up to the first election after the great Reform Bill. But the 
' Papal Aggression ' was too much for him, and he ended his life as a strong 
Conservative, fortified by masses of anti-papal literature. 

He had managed the estate of Drummuir for his absentee brother, and 
also occupied one of the farms as tenant. Upon this farm, in a narrow 
gorge among the hills, he found some thirty acres of swamp, reeds, and bog, 
and proceeded to drain it.^ 

When the barony of Inverugie, near Elgin, was sold, his love of the sea 
induced him to invest in that part of it named Ilopeman, and he spent 
£7000 in building a harbour, upon a plan quite his own ; the sea wall 
presenting a concave — not convex — surface to the waves. Strange to 
say, with the assistance of many wedges of wood it still stands, and has now 
been doubled in size by the present proprietor, who succeeded to the estate 
in 1858. The Admiral is said to have built a small vessel there, of timber 
from Drummuir, upon a design quite unknown to the ordinary marine 
architect. From his exertions sprang the present fishing village of Hope- 
man. His friends called this village ' the Admiral's safety valve.' 

He married Frances Jones of Gucstling, Sussex, but had no family, and 
at his death, in 1S58, succeeded by his cousin. Major Lachlan Gordon 
of Park, who reassumed the name of Duff, dropped by his father, Colonel 

' For this work, the Highland and Agricultural Society awarded him a large piece of plate 
' (or tlic largest extent of driiining done in one year by a tenant farmer.' The plate remains 
at Drummuir as an heirloom, but the acres reclaimed were converted by his successor into an 
ornamental loch, and now form one of the attractions of the Craigcllachic branch of the Great 
North of Scotland Kadway. 


Tlionias (Joriloii, on snci'cc(liii<r to Park. Ifopcniaii passed ))y Arcliiljald's 
will Ic) 'J'lionias CJordon Duff. Tlicre is a fine jiorliait ol'Jolm hy Angelica 
Kaiiffmann at Druinnuiir, and also a portrait of Archibald, his ])re(lcccssor, 
))olli rc])roduccd in the present volume. 

Wii.i.iAM, the third son oi' Alexander Duff of Davidston, was a W.S. in 
Edinburgh. lie was consumptive, and died at the age of thirty-six, in 
London. The following letter was written two months before his deatli : 

To lUchnrd Wharlnn Duff 

'LdNDiiN, 3011, Aug. 180'J. 
' My DijAR RiciiATiD,- — I was beginning to suspect that a letter from you 
must have miscarried, like a former one, when your epistle of the 24th made its 
appearance. . . . You have not mentioned when the happy day is to be,^ but 
I presume now not very distant. . . . Those were joyous days, for they were 
accompanied by the greatest of blessings, health. I have lost it, and know nozu 
how to prize it. Long may it be before you have the same to sa}'. I hope you 
will Icarn to prize it without experiencing its loss. As to my present state, I 
do not fall off, but then I do not improve, and you know I ought to pick up a 
little to enable me to weather the ensuing winter. My stomach distresses me 
nmeh. I have tried milk in every possible shape and with various mixtures, 
asses' milk as well as cow's, and it invariably disagrees with me, excepting butter- 
milk which answers very well, but which I find much difficulty in procuring. I 
live principally on fruit and soups, sometimes a bit of fried fish and calves'-foot 
jelly ; everything light and nourishing. But I cannot banish my cough and 
expectoration and until I can do that prettj^ effectually I have no chance of 
getting stout. . . . John and Archibald are bolh here, and desire to be remem- 
bered to you.' - 

His death is thus chronicled : ' At his ai)arlnieiits in Conduit Street, 
William Duff, late of Edinburgh, October 2G, 1809 ' {Gentleman s Magazine). 

Laciilan Duff, youngest child of the large family of John Duff of Culbin, 
^vas born in 1741, and became an advocate, in which cai)acity he did a great 
deal of business for various members of the family. He managed the 
estates of Drummuir for his first cousin Archibald and for John Duff his 
nephew, during the long minority of the latter, and also during his absence 
in London and abroad. In 1801, all the Drummuir papers in the hands 
of Thomas Brodie, W.S., Edinburgh, were delivered to him, and he thus 
came into possession of all the documents relating to the early Duffs of 
Torriesoul and Bade, and of all the evidence of the long litigations with 
Anderson of Ardbrack, with Abercromby of Glassaugh, and later with 

Of Richard's marriage to Lady Aiuic Dulf. 

I 1 I'i ! 


Alexander Duff of Braeo and liis Iicirs. Braco was, as already explained, 
only a nominal liolder of the Drumnuiir ])ropcity, with tiie cxcc[)tion of 
tlie lands of Bcllyhaek, of wliieh ' Adam Duff, father of Katlierine, had, 
when an inhibitc and a bankrupt, anno 1681, granted a wadset to Alex. 
Duff of Braco redeemable by the granter and the heirs-male of his body, 
seeluding Assigneys or Singular successors, for £7200 Scots, at Whitsunday 
1695, after which time the lands are by the contract of Wadset irredeem- 
able and the clause of redemption void.' The granter and his heir-male 
failed in 1682, the year after the wadset was granted (the child Adam died 
just before his father), and Braeo claimed and held the lands. 

A document prepared in December 1747 for the use of Archibald still 
exists, in which ' Duff of Drumnuiir claims from Lord Braeo the rever- 
sion of the wadset lands of Bcllyhaek, a part of the estate of Drummuir 
which is a part of the Lordship of Balvenie.' It is here stated that Alexander 
Duff, son of William, Provost of Inverness, purchased the debts of Adam 
Dulf of Drumnuiir and his predecessors, ' in the name of Alexander Duff of 
Braco as his trustee,' and Braco obtained two decreets of adjudication 
on these debts, in 1G85 and 1087, of the whole estate of Drummuir, including 
Bcllyhaek, for the accumulate sum of £54,061 Scots (about £4500 sterling) 
double the value of the estate, against the heirs of line of Adam, and in 
1688 disposed these two decreets and the estate of Drummuir (excepting 
Bcllyhaek) to said Alexander Duff. But the lands of Bcllyliack, being the 
subject of a prior transaction, with the said Adam Duff, he refused to 
give up, and left them to his heirs, represented in 1747 by William, Lord 

Archibald in this memorial, on which Lachlan acted, claimed not only 
possession of these lands from Lord Braco, but also repayment of all the 
money paid by Alexander of Drummuir to Alexander of Braco as fees, feu- 
duty, etc., ' to which Braco had no right.' 

Archibald's claim goes on to say that the ' decreet arljitrat ' made in 
1720 cannot affect him (Archibald), because Culbin, his uncle, had no power 
to take burdens for his brother Bobert (Arehiliald's father), who was at 
that time and to the day of his death incapable of business and of managing 
or judging of his own affairs or giving directions about them. That Lord 
Braeo knew so well the inactive situation he was in from 1720 till June 
1735, when he died, that he will claim no advantage from any deed signed by 
him or signed by his lordship in favour of him or in favour of the memorialist 
(Archibald) during his minority, or by the memorialist or his curators in 
favour of his lordship. The memorialist is advised to raise an action against 
Lord Braco for the recovery of his rights. 

It i)rovcd a very complicated business to settle, and Lachlan seems 


to liavc passed much lime in K(linl)uigli and in London in connection witli 
the matter. Lord IJraco iiad never given uj) his ri,i;ht to IJellyliuek, which 
remained Fife property until a few years ago, but otherwise an amicable 
compromise was effected. The following letter from Archibald shows a 
desire to end negotiations, but there was much left for Lachlan to do. 

Archibald Buff of Drummuir'^ to William, Lord Braco 

' London, December 2nd, 1748. 

' My Lord, — Being inform'd of your Lordsps arrival at Edinb'e^ i take this 
opportunity of signifying how great my Inclination is to end amicably our long 
suspended submission — When last Season I came to Ed^ I was in hojjcs to have 
met with your LdsP and to have at once hitt off all Differences in the best manner 
wc could, but your Ldsps Departure for the north prevented such agreablc 
measures — 'Tis still, however, to be hoped that the same good disposition sub- 
sists, and I shall be very glad to hear that matters be adjusted soon, your LdsP 
will no doubt give sucli directions as will contribute to dispatch, and on the 
other hand, I shall recommend it to my Friend to eoncurr in every thing reason- 
able for promoteing the same end. 

' I am likways inform'd by a letter from the North that the School-master 
of Botryphncy has thought proper to 'vaeuate his place, your LdsP as an Heritor 
is somewhat eoneern'd in the disposal of it. Harry Miln (my Factor) and the 
gros of the Tenants would willingly have one Thomas Duncan, nephew to your 
Ldsps Minister at Langbridge, settl'd among them — it is a matter of no greater 
Consequence than that a man of Capacity, Sobriety and Diligence succeeds. 
This is what I presume your LdsP will approve of, and your concurring with me 
in his appointment will oblige the greater part and. My Lord, Your LordsjjS very 
obedient humble Sert., .Vitcnn. Duff.' 

Lachlan acted later for the second Lord Fife and his wife Dorothy.^ 

Lachlan Duff, W.S., to WiUiavi liosc 

' Edinuciiiju, 2!) Marrli liil. 
'Dear Sir, — Nothing since my last has occurred on that subject anyway 
matcriall to inform you off — further than that on Sunday evening 20th, I had a 
message from her ladyship desiring to call on her on the Monday which I accord- 
ingly did, but she sent word she was so indisposed she could not see anybody, 
and desired her servant to make an excuse for the trouble of my coming and 
I immediately went to Mr. Jlitchelson and from the circumstance mentioned I 
pressed him to desire the Solicitor to wait of her, which he tells me he did. I 
iiad another message to the same purpose on Thursday evening and went out, 

SCO last chapter. = Sec chapter : 


next day, but had the same return, only with this variation tliat she now did not 
choose to take Mr. Hope's house ot which slie seemed fornierly so fond but hkcd 
one in the neighbourhood belonging to Mi-. Cuming a Banker whieii she thought 
would accomadate her better, but she would only take it for the summer months. 
She did not mention to Mrs. Ord who dchvered the above messages, anything of 
the ehaisses and horses and I now find Mr. Cuming will not lett the house for the 
summer months. Imagine to yourself, my dear sir, what perplexity and at the 
same what villainy must be in those of her friends who see much more and at 
the same time will not ingenuously own what, with one eye, they might perceive — • 
Mr. Dundas, I understand waited on her last week, and told her he would go in 
on the submission but that she behoved to employ a proper agent, on which 
after some tears she desired him to send Mr. Krskinc to her, but next morning 
received a note countermanding that order. Lett me hear from you soon and 
believe me always. Dr. Sir, your most obed. servant, 

'Laciilan Duff.'' 

In 1804 Lachlan succeeded, in right of Iiis mother, to the estate of 
Park (the male line of Gordons of Park having died out, sec cluipter xxxvii.), 
and assumed the name of Gordon. He died in ISOS. 

His wife was Rachel Hog of Newliston, near Edinburgh, and tliey liad 
four sons and two daughters, the dates of whose births are not now dis- 
coverable, as the first page of the Family Bible was abstracted by one lady 
of the family who was anxious to conceal her age. 

James, the eldest son, died unmarried in the West Indies, in 1801. 

Roger was in business in Russia with his cousin, Morison of Bognie, 
and died at Riga, December 21, 180G. 

Alexander, in the Navy. He was killed on board H.M.S. Mars at 
Trafalgar. A portrait of him is in possession of Adam Gordon Duff of 
Chester Square, London, grandson of Captain George Duff of the Mars. 

Rachel, married Steuartof Auchlunkart. 

Helen, died young. 

Thomas Gordon, born 1790, succeeded to Park on his father's death 
when he was only eighteen. He had been for a short time in the Navy, 
which he entered in 1803, and was present, with his brother Alexander, 
at the battle of Trafalgar, and is alluded to in the letters to Mrs. George 
Duff, widow of the Captain of the Mars (see chapter xvii.). Later in life 
he was known as Colonel Gordon of Park, from his having held that rank 
in the Inverness and Banffshire Militia for forty-five years. He was made 
Lieutenant-Colonel when only twenty, and during the Crimean War he eom- 
numdcd the regiment when embodied at Fort George, \vhere he died of 

' Druinimiir papers. 


smallpox in 185.'). ITc married, in 181 J-, Joanna McDowall Grant of 

Anulilly (who died ISi'J), anil had llin-e sons and nine liau-hlcrs, as 
loliows : 

Mary, 1S1C-190S ; married R. C. May, o.s.p. 

Laciilax, bom 1817, of whom presently. 

David McDowall, 1818-1848; Lieutenant Ilydrographer R.N. ; died un- 
married at Singapore, of fever, lie had been employed in surveying the eoasts 
of Borneo and China for several years, and his unremitting attention to this 
work had undermined his health. 

Alexander, 1S20-185G; Master-Commander in the Navy; died unmarried 
on the AVcst Coast of Africa. It is of this son that the story is told, relative to 
pressure brought to bear upon his father for political reasons. Fox xManle, M.P., 
is reported to have said to James Duff, M.P. (afterwards fourth Lord Fife), who 
asked for promotion for his young cousin. ' If Park won't budge (in the Whig 
interest), then his son is not Lieutenant.' 

Rachel, second daughter, born 1821, died 1890. JIarried, fust, J. Maekie, 
M.D. Issue: (1) Haeliel, born 1817, died lfS07, nnniarritd; (2) Maria, boin 
1849, married Rev. Augustus Donaldson, Canon of Truni—has issue. Sreijiidly, 
Daniel Reid, M.D. Issue: One son, M'illiam, born 1859, married Margaret 
Greig — has issue. 

Elizabeth, third daughter, born 1823, died 1888. JMarricd Andrew Steuart, 
Auchlunkart. Children who survived infancy : (1) Harriet, born 1847, married 
General William Goixlon — has issue; (2) Eleanor, born 1855, married Hastings 
Clarke of Achareidh — has issue ; (3) Louisa, umnarried ; (4) \\'illiam, born 
1858, married Florence Hammond — no issue ; (5) JIabel, born 1SC5, married 
Charles Setoii — has issue. 

Eleanora, fourth daughter, born 1824, died 1895. Married, first. Rev. 
Henry Walker, minister of Urquhart. Issue: (1) Alexander, born 1845, 
married in New Zealand, Anne Bruce Bontliorn, and has issue ; (2) Joanna, 
born 1847, married Michael Stanislaus Dooley, M.A. Dublin, C.E. — has issue. 
Married, secondly. Rev. Alexander Aikman, and had a daughter Nora, married 
John Causton. 

WiLMi-.LMiNA, 1820-1812, unmarried. 

Helen Isahella, 1828-1910, umnarried. 

Jemima, 1830-1900, unmarried. 

Joanna Maria, 1832-1837. 

Emily, ninth daughter, born 1836, died 1899 ; married Rev. Henry Russell, 
minister of Grange. Issue surviving infancy : 

Born : 1801. 1st, Williani,1 

1802. 2nd, James, J- all died unmarried. 

1803. 3rd, John, j 

1804. 4lh, Alexander David, Puisne Judge in Trinidad, married 

Isabel McCallum, who died 1908— has issue. 
1808. 5lh, Rev. Edmund, umnanied. 


1K7(). (Jill, V.nusl, ill Sdulh Africa, inanicd I'ania, widow (if ]'.. 

li.ivciHloi- lias issue. 
IS7(i. 71 li, Cluulrs, ill SouLli Africa, married. 

Mill, Mary, nuiiricd Brown 

9th, Isabella, married Geo. Ed. Renwick — has issue. 

Colonel Thomas Gordon took a large part in the county business, being 
Convener of Banffshire from 1830 till 1849, when he retired from all public 
offices owing to deep grief at the loss of his second son David. He was an 
unsuccessful candidate for the representation of the county in the AVhig 
interest in 1832. It is related that Colonel Gordon of Park and Alexander 
Morison of Bognie (dicil 1874) tossed up as to who should stand against 
Admiral Ferguson of Pitfom- in order to create a Liberal party in the 
county. Colonel Gordon had to stand and was beaten. For this service 
he was presented with a piece of plate by his supporters in the county. 
lie was most energetic in the work of impro\'ing iiis estate, especially by 
planting and draining. It was said of him that ' he had an micommon grij) 
of common sense.' 

Lachlan, the eldest son, succeeded his father in the estate of Park in 
1855, and three years later he also succeeded his father's first cousin Archi- 
bald in the estate of Drummuir, when he reassumed the name of Duff, 
but continued to hold both properties. lie had a commission in the '20th 
IJegiment, in which he served in India, Bermuda, and Canada. His return 
journey from India in 183G was most adventurous. He and a friend of 
his own age travelled by small coasting vessels and were wrecked in the 
Red Sea, and had to throw themselves upon the hospitality of IMchcmct 
All in Egypt. Tiiey subsequently proceeded to Greece, and then to Con- 
stantinople, in various small vessels, suffering great hardships from pro- 
longed quarantine for plague in various ports. They then sailed up the 
Danube as far as Vienna, and finished their journey on horseljack. AVhen 
they reached London they found that their names were just about to be 
struck nlf (he Army List, as they had been given up for lost. 

liiisign (Jordon, as lie then \vas, had the honour of carrying the colours 
of his regiment at the coronation of Queen Victoria, being stationed at the 
Tower, and describes how the troops were under arms from 4 a.m. until 
9 P.M., without having any food served out to them. 

He aftei'wards served in the West Indies, and retired as Major in 1851. 
From 1857 to 18G1 he re]>resented Banffshire in Parliament, succeeding 
James Duff, who had l)ceonie llllh Earl Fife, and being succeeded in 
turn by R. W. Duff of J-Vtlcresso.' Tiiough prevented liy ill-health from 

' After thia Banlfshiro became spoken of as tlie ' Diiff-riddeii County,' having been repre- 
sented by members of that family for one hundred and eleven years. 


taking ])art in public life, Major DiilT was active in improving his estates — 
l)iiilding and planting largely.^ lie died in 1892. His wile was Jane 
Butterfield, daughter of the Hon. Thomas Butterfield, Chiel' Justice oi' 
Bermuda, and by her, who still survives him, he had two sons and two 
daughters : 

1. Thomas Duff Gordon, 1848. 

2. Mary, 1852-18G8. 

3. Archibald Hay, 18G3 ; married Lady Frances Fortescue, daughter 
of third Earl Fortescue, and has Helen, born 1897 ; John, born 1899 ; 
Jane Minnie, born 190G. 

4. Helen Elizabeth, 18GG ; mari'ied Harold John Tennant in 1889, 
and died 1892 ; one son Charles, born 1890, died ISOG. 

Thomas Duff Gordon Duff, born at Park 1818, was educated at Har- 
row and Oxford. Since his father's death he has resided continuously at 
Drummuir, where he has devoted himself to estate management and 
county business. He married, in 1878, Pauline Emma, eldest dauglitcr of 
Sir Charles Tennant of The Glen, Peeblesshire. ]5y her, who died 1888, he 
had two children, Laciilan and Joanna Lucy. 

1. Lachlan, born January 1880, educated at Eton and Sandhurst, 
and obtained a commission in the Gordon Highlanders 1899. He served 
throughout the whole of the South African War, and retired as Captain 
in 1908. He married Lydia, daughter of Joseph Pike of Dunsland, County 
Cork, Ireland, and has two children : Frances Pauline, Iiorn 1909 ; 
Thomas Robert, born 1911. 

2. Joanna Lucy, born 1881 ; married, 190G, James, son of William 
Lindsay, Windsor Herald, and lias two sons : Michael, born 1908 ; and 
Harry Lachlan, born 1912, 

Thomas Dulf married, secondly, in 1893, Mildred Mabel, daughter of 
Edward Claudius Walker, and has had by her seven children : 

3. George Edward, 1895 ; educated at Rossall. 
1.. l\rAR(;ARET Mary, 1897. 

r>. Constantia Harriet, 1898. 
G. David Claudius, 1900. 

7. Alexander Beresford, 1902, died 1903. 

8. Katherine Theodora, 1904. 

9. Randall Thomas, 1905. 

> As already stated, he was the editor of Baird's Memoirs of the Duffs, written about 1773, 
and privately printed in 1869. 






I I 




Kntlieriiic Duff of Dnimmi 


, ninth child, but third surviving son of Alexander and 
born 1707, died 1782, m. Blary JJ.aillie of Torbreck. 

Alexander of Jean, Anne, 
Jluirtowu, 1738, JT.IH, 
17;'.r-1778, m. Hush m. .Tolm 
m. Christi.-in Falconer of Forbes of 
Laillie. Draikies. Newe. 


atlu-rine, Katberino, Jla^-dklene, John, Mary, 
17-)I. 17-18, 17:.l'-1sl;s, ]7:,3, 1755, 
ni. m. AbxainlrrDuff o.s.p. o.s.p. 
D. Jlacleod. of Davulston. 

1 1 
AVilliam, IIurI. Robert, 
177U, 1771-1832, 
n.s.p. m. tSarab Forbes. 

Ale.xanilur Arthur, Emilv, IS.i^-lSiil, 
170:i-1821. m. A. -Warrai,.!. 
SarahG.,lSfiO-182j, Duncan F., 
m. t'apt. Sutlicrland. 1SIH.1S2S. 

Amelia, Mary, -William, 
177-', 1774-1779. 1775-1779. 
m. Alexander Fra.scr. 

' Vi 11 M '^ " 1 
IlnghR., -William. Maria, Huntly G. G. 
lSn:,.lK;;o. lSIO-1827. 1815, n.s.p. 1822-1856. 
CU.r.stian, I.ouita, Jane, in. 11. Fraser. 
180S-1825. 1813-1811. 1818. 1 


• James Patterson, pool, horn at Green of Muirtown, Inverness, in nineteenth century 
wrote : 

' Dear spot of my birth, tho' high swelling ocean 

Should part me and cause rae far from thee to rove, 
While my bosom can beat, I will think with emotion 
On Muirtown, sweet Muirtown, the spot that I love.' 

-1.08 I\lUlirr()\VN FAMILY 


ii.i.iAM Din'i' oi' IMiiiirrowN was 1 

lie lliir< 

1 siirviviiiLr s.m ol' Alexander 


ilT (,r Di-urimiuir. Ilr was hoiii 

HI 1707 

, and rnarncd Mary Jiaillic, 


uoliltT to .Kiliu J'.aillir of 'J'orhrccl. 

.. Slie 

is (lcseiil)ed hv Haird in 1773 


' a f;-i-accl'ul, liaiulstiiiK' woman, wl 

U) died 


In 17-10 lie bouj^iit the estate of Mi 


near Inverness, I'roni Ludovic 


ant oi' Grant/ and residetl tliei'e 

tor tlie 

rest ol' his Jil'c. 1'hose were 

stirring times in Seotland, and William UulT nuisL liavc remembered as a 
boy the Rising of 1715, us well as tlie abortive attem])t at Glenclg in 1719. 
But tlicsc operations were brought very close to him ^vhen Prince C!liarles 
Stew^art returned from his fruitless invasion of Enghuul in 17'1'G, and with 
his weary army took uj) his quarters at Inverness. Doubtless tliat town 
and the neighbourliood were full of excitement at the prospect of hos- 
tilities so near tliem, but they must also have been apprehensive as to tlic 
result and the consequences. 

There is no indication as to whicli party William Duff favoured, but it 
is quite possible tl\at his sympathies, if nothing more, were with the 
Stewart cause, more especially as his father, Alexander Duff of Drummuir, 
had held Inverness for the Old Chevalier in 1715, and just before the battle 
of Cullodcn in 1746 his sister Anne, widow of Lachlan Mackintosli, received 
Prince Ciiarles at tlie house " of her mother, Katherine Duff of Drummuir 
(tlien seventy-seven years of age). 

Hugh Robert Duff, grandson of W^illiam, and edilor of tlie CuUodcn 
Papers, thus di'scribes the incidents preceding the battle of Cullodcn, 
which ' was witnessetl by many gentlemen, ^vho rode I'rom Inverness 
J'or that purjiose, among tiic rest my grandfather and I\Ir. Evan IJaillie of 
Abriaehan. They took post upon a s)uall hill not far from where the 
Prince and liis suite were stationed, and there remained until dislodged by 
tiio cannon balls I'alling about them. In their retreat they j)asscd thro' 
Inverness, and at the bridge they met the Erasers, under the IMaster of 
liovat. These had not been in time for the liattle, but the blaster seemed 
very anxious to defend the passage of the bridge, and spoke nuich of fighting 
llu're. i^Ir. IJaillie, wlio was a warm JaeobiLe, and rather testy in his waj^ 
sternly addressed the Master in these words, " Fighting by G — d, jMastcr, 
you were not in the way when fighting might have been of service. You 
Jiad best say nothing about it now ! ' ^ 

' In the ' disposition ' of Muirtown, WiUiam Duff is described as of Kilmuir, which he sold 
in 1744. His grandfather had had the fishings of South Kessock in 1671 and 1673. 

^ In Church Street, Inverness. 

^ ' After tlic battle a dreadful slaughter took place, involving many of the inhabitants of 
Inverness, who had approached the battlefield from curiosity, and few who wore the Highland 
dress escaped. I recollect Hugh Mackay, forester at CuUoden, who died at an advanced age, 
telling me his grandfather was at the battle as a boy of eleven years old ' (Hugh Robert Duff). 




1' ol 

■ Ml 


n (li: 

(1 not siilT( 







rii slainpi 


U- a( 




\W 11 




, too 



IS a. 



uvc com 11 


in any way IVom I lie excesses 
- ..iil/llie lasL remains of IJU' 
Ih' was, like so many of liis 
lied himself dclinitcly. 
By ]\Iary Baillic of Torbreck he had llnec sons and five (hiughters : 
1. Alexander of ftluirtowii, born 1737. 

'2. Jean, bora 1738 ; married Ilugli Falconer of Draikics 1775. Their 
children were : Ilurjli, John, I\hiry, Anne. 

3. Anne, born 1739 ; married, in 17G1, Major John Forbes ('JOtli Regi- 
ment of Foot) of Newc. She died in Fngland in 17S0, leaving an only 
danghtcr, Wary, who married, in 17SS, Sir Archibald Grant of Monynmsk, 
and died in 1S5'2. 

4. Katiieiune, born 1741, died young. 

5. Katiierine, born 1748 ; married Dr. James IMaclcod, surgeon late 
133rd Foot. They lived at Culloden Dower House. ^ 

6. Magdalen, born 1752 ; married, first, her cousin, I\Iajor Alexander 
of Davidston, son of John Duff of Culbin, who died in 1778. She bore him 
four sons and one daughter : Mary, born 1771, died young ; John of Drum- 
muir," born 1772 ; Archibald of Drummuir," born 1773 ; William, born 
1774 ; Alexander, died an infant. Secondly, Andrew Macfarlane, Bishop 
of Argyll and Ross. By him she had several children. She died in 1828. 
Andrew Macfarlane having predeceased her in 1819. At his death he was 
senior Bishop of the Scottish Episcopal Church. 

7. John, born 1753, o.s.p. 8. ^Iauy, l)orn 1755, o..v./>. 
William DnlT of Muirtown died in 1782, aged sevenLy-five.^ There is a 

> Mrs. Macleod was left, by her lather, all the funiiuire, etc., of JIuirtown (except plate, 
pictures, and books). = '^ce chapter. 

^ Inscription in Die linghsh Church, Inverness : 

' This Tablet was placed 1S22 
by II. K. Duft of Muirtown, 
In affectionate remembrance 
of his Grandfather, William Duff of Muirtown, 
Advocate, third son of Drummuir, 

who died 1782, at. 75, 
and of his Father, Lieut.-ColoncI Alcxr. Duff. 
He served all the German War with Keith's Iliglilandcrs, 
and when proceeding to India, in command of tlie 7yd 
(now 71st) Kcgt., wliich he greatly confnbutcd to 
raise, in tliis his native town, 

died in London 1778, cW. 41. He lies buried willi 
his Spouse Mrs. Christian BaiUie, Daughter of Dochfour, 
who died at Chatham Barracks 177O, acl. 29, at Gillinghara 
in Kent. Likwise of his Eldest Son, A. A. Dull of the 
Royal Kcgt., who died at Negapatam 20th July 1S21, at. 20. 


p,„tn,il <.r luin now han-in- in M.iirU.un II<.iis<'. Hr nv;,s su,Tr,.,l,,l l,y 
Ills only son, Alkxandkh Dulf of Muiiiown, horn in I7;J7. Ur was 
Lieutenant-Colonel of the 1st Battalion 7:3rd Regiment, now the 71st 
Highlanders. lie married Christian Baillie of Dochfour on April 24, 1769, 
and she died December 19, 1776. Colonel Alexander Duff died in 1778. 
Their ehildrcn Avere : 

1. William, born January 27, 1770, died an infant. 

2. Hugh Robert of Muirtown, born August 30, 1771, died 1832, 
buried at Greyfriars, Inverness. 

3. Amelia, born December 21, 1772 ; married, 1795, Alexander Fraser 
of Inehcoulter and Grenada. 

•l. Mahy, born April 12, 1774, and died in 177;). 
5. William (the second), born 1775, died an infant. 
Hugh Robert Duff of Muirtown, the second but eldest surviving son 
of Colonel Alexander Duff, was born in 1771, and was appointed Ensign 
in the 35th Dorsetshire Regiment of Foot on April 18, 1789. He became a 
Lieutenant in January 1791, but in the same year exchanged mto tiic 
37th Hampshire Regiment. He was promoted Captain in October 1793, 
and was present at Dunkirk, Cambrai, Landreey, Catteau, Tournai and 
Niraecuen. He was wounded and taken prisoner at the crossmg of the 
Vaal \nd kept for a year in the crypt of a church.i a letter from James 
Grant of Bught to Captain Duff, 37th Regiment, 37 Suffolk Street, London, 
dated July 20, 1795, says : ' I am just now favoured with yours, and be 
assured that nothing could give me and all your friends more sincere 
pleasure than your once more being safe in your own country, and Irec of 
that painful restraint under which you have now been for so long a time. 
We hope that your health has not been impaired by the hardships you 
have undergone.' ■ i -, it 

jNLijor Duff was of a literary and archajological turn of mmd.- lie 
erected a monument at Claehnaharry to commemorate a fierce fight of the 
IMunros with tlie Clan Chattan in 1454,^ and restored the ancient well 
close to the Beauly Road, at which tradition asserts the great Montrose 
drank when he was being led to Edinburgh after his capture at Assynt. 
Major Duff had also various phrases in Latin jnit up in many parts of the 
existing house of Muirtown, which he built. The former house stood on 
the site of the present garden.* 

1 It is said that after his release he never entered a church again. 

» In a diary kept during his havds lie notes ' Dined Nvitli that damned Pengord (i.e. 
Talleyrand). . , . 

■■' On the monument he placed the loUowing inscription : ' Has mter rupes ossa conduntur. 
« It is said that there was an oubliette before the front door, used by old William Duff 
for the temporary incarceration ot those who did not agree Willi him. 


liiil Ills ^TciiU-sl acliirvcmcuL wns llir cdilino- of a voUnuv ciilillcd Th,: 
Ciilldilin I'lipirs, wliicli made its a|)|)cai-ancc in I IS()>S. 'I'liis inLi-rcsliii^- work 
is chic'lly composed ol' k'lteis IVoiu tlir l.ord Pivsidciit Forbes, Simon, 
Lord Lov-^at, and other persons connected witli tlie Risings of 1715 and 17.45. 
The editor came by these letters in a curious and hicky manner. On one 
occasion, when shooting at Culloden House, he noticed tliat tlie wads which 
the gamekeeper used for the guns (those were the days of muzzle-loading 
weapons) were made of old paper, upon which there was some writing. His 
curiosity was aroused, and having unfolded one of the wads he discovered 
it at once to be both interesting and ancient. Having asked the game- 
keeper where lie got the paper, the latter informed him tliat lie had dis- 
covered several old l)ags of letters in a loft at Culloden, and that he was 
using llicm u|) as fast as ])ossibIe, since he was anxious to get rid of such 
rubbish, adding that lie liad ali'cady used up several sacks, liut that there 
were one or two still left. 

Major DulT went to the loft, and found in the remaining sacks the 
aforementioned most interesting series of letters which he sulxsequcntly 
puljlished as TJic Culloden Papers.^ He only selected a certain number 
of tiieni, j)assing over many others which still exist, and might well form 
another volume. He modestly declined to put his name to the volume, 
and his industry has not therefore received the reward of fame. He also 
edited the Genealogy of the Family of Forbes, and left beliind i'i"i a play, 
Hunnilial, a Tragedy, which was never published, but privalrly jninh li in 
l<S-2(), also some poems, and he supplied Robert Chambers with noks Un- 
jiis work on the Rebellion of 1715. 

He went on half-pay in 1795, and retired from the service in 18'2G. He 
married at Culloden House, in .July 1798, Sarah Louisa Forbes, a great 
beauty, only daughter of Arthur Forbes of Culloden, al)out whom was 
fonghl llie lasl^ duel in Scotland. 

' Till! ineidcuL Look ])!ace at a military ball at Inverness in 1798, wlicn that 
eeeenlrie and nnj)o[)ular Iligliland Cliiel', Colonel Maedonell of Glengarry ap- 
proached Miss Forbes and reminded her that she had promised him the last 
country dance. She had no recollection of such a promise, and told him she 
was engaged for it to Ranald Macdonald. Glengarry took himself away, but, 
in a little, returned and informed the lady that Ranald iMacdonald, yielding to 
I know not what pressure or threats, had given up the danee to him. Miss 
Forbes naturally resented this discourteous treatment and replied that she 
would dance with neitiier of them. Glengarry refused to take her answer as 
final and tried to argue with her, whereupon a grandson of Flora Macdonald, 

' Noticed by Sir Walter Scott in the Quarterly Magazine, 1816. 


l,l,M,l. AI;n'I,,,,I ,,r II,,. .|,-Jn(l. ^vlH. w.'is Nil li,,,; l,y INIiss K,,rh,'s, ,rin:,ik<-,l, '■ \VI,y (I,. 
yn,i lease I lie lailyV ('iin'l yun ,.,ll,,w li, r I ,. clnM.s,- [(,.■ j.rrMlfv" ]„.,(,.,■!„ (Ik- 
evening- high words passed hcLweon Glengarry and Maclcud, and Ihc gallant Chief 
eventually struck the youth over the head with his cane. A duel ensued a day 
or two later, on the beach between Fort George and Ardersier, and JIacleod 
fell at the first fire. Glengarry had to stand his trial at Edinburgh for murder, 
and only the skill and eloquence of his counsel, Henry Erskine, saved him.' ' 

Tliere was a portrait of Miss Sarah Louisa Forbes (Mrs. H. R. Duff), by 
Sir .Toslnia Reynolds, whicli used to liang at Culloden House. This was 
' removed ' about eigiity years ago, and has since been exhibited in London 
amongst other Reynolds pictures. 

Mrs. Duff died at Muirtown, .July 3, 1829, and is buried at Greylriars, 
Livcrness; Major Duff died at Muirtown, August 2, 1832. By liis wife 
he had eleven children,^ five sons and six daugliters, of whom tlie following 
details from the Family Bible have been kindly supplied by Colonel 
^\'arrand : 

1. Alexander Arthur, born August 31, 1799. He was appointed Ensign 
in the 1st Royal Scots on April 5, 1820, and served in India, dying in 1S21 at 
Negapatam, where a monument was erected to his memory by his brother 

2. Sar.\h Georgina, born September 11, 1800; married August 31, 1825, 
at JMuirtown House, Captain Sutherland of the 33rd Regiment. She and her 
husband were drowned on October 21, 1825, in the loss of the Comet, the famous 
steamship, Ihc centenary of whose maiden voyage Glasgow kept in 1912.^ 

3. Emilia Mary Davidson, born at Muirtown, Jaimary 24, 1802 ; * married, 
in 1824, her cousin Alexander Warrand, M.D., of the 7th Madras Light Infantry, 
third son of Thomas AVarrand of Lenlran, and had by him two sons and two 
thuightcrs : 

(1) Alexander John Cruickshank, born August 28, 1825. 

(2) Catherine Munro, born September 4, 1820. 

' Communicated by Colonel Warrand. 

= Major Hugh Robert Duff, father of tliis large family, was the first man in Inverness to 
own a carriage. He was also the first to wear a top hat, and so proud was he of this that in 
1807 he had a portrait painted, showing himself in this headgear, which is here reproduced by 
the kindness of Mrs. Darwin, his granddaughter. 

^ 1825. The ship sailed from Inverness to Glasgow and Liverpool : ' Among the lost was 
one of the pretty Miss Dulls of Muirtown, just married to her handsome soldier husband, and 
on their way to join his regiment ; their bodies were found clasped together, poor things, 
beside many others unknown ' (Memoirs of a Highland Lady, Elizabeth Grant of Rothiemurclius). 

* The following note must refer to Sarah and Emilia Duff, though the latter seems young to 
have been at a ball : ' 1814. At the Northern Meeting of this year the two Miss Duffs of Muir- 
town, tall, graceful girls, with a pensive air that matle them very attractive, were, I thought, 
the beauties of the room ' (Ibid). 

; '-'Ti^s 


(3) Duff Forbes, bom March 8, 1S28, died young. 

(4) Louisa Sarah Gcorgiana, born July 8, 1830. 

Alexander Warrand died July 1, 1830, and Mrs. Warrand on July 19, 18C4. 

4. Duncan Forbes Duff, born at Muirtown, January 9, 1804, and died 
at Salisbury Place, London, N.W., unmarried, on July 9, 1828, and is buried 
in St. John's Chapel, Regent's Park.i 

5. Hugh Uoueut, born November 24, 1805 ; appointed Ensign 9th East 
Norfolk Regiment of Foot on June 9, 1825 ; promoted as Lieutenant August 
15, 182G. He went on half-pay September 3, 1829, and died, unmarried, 
at Inches House, near Inverness, on January 13, 1830. lie was buried in 
Chapel Yard, Inverness. - 

G. CniiiSTiAN Railde, born at Muirtown, January 3, 1808, died, unmarried, 
April 20, 1825. 

7. William John, born at Muirtown, 1810, died June 10, 1827. 

8. Louisa Octavia, born November 13, 1813, died July 15, 1814 (of the 

9. Mary Louisa, born at Muirtown, July 17, 1815, died young. 

10. Jane Douotiiea Stratton, born December 15, 1818 ; married, Jaiuiary 
11, 1838, Major Robert Shirreff, by whom she had one son, Robert David 
Forbes, born December 22, 1S3S. 

11. IIuNTLY George Gordon (so christened on account of the friendship 
between his father and the then Marquis of Iluiitly) born at JIuirtown, July 5, 
1822. lie succeeded to the estate of Muirtown in 1832, all his brothers having 
died in youth or early manhood.'' lie sold part of the estate of Muirtown to buy 
out Drumniuir from the entail, in order to be able to leave the rest to his 
daughters. lie married, June 17, 1847, Helen Eraser, daughter of John Eraser, 
fifth of Achnagairn. By her he had two daughters : 

(1) Emily Dora (Amy), born 1849, died at Rome, February 9, 1859. 

(2) Gcorgina Huntly, born 1856; married, in 1889, Francis Darwin of 

]<:iston Hall, Notts, and Creskeld, Yorkshire. 

Iluntly George Gordon Duff died May 23, 185C, of diphtheria, and was 
buried in Cha])cl Yard, Inverness. His widow subsetiuently married 
Mr. Middlcton of Middleton Hall, Yorkshire. Mrs. Darwin is now the 
])roprictor of ftluirtown. 

' Epitaph : 

' Under this stone he the remains of Duncan Forbes Duff 
Younger of Muirtown — County of Inverness, 
Wlio was born at Muirtown 19 Jan. 1804, 
And died in London 9 July 1828, in his 25th year.' 
^ 'Hugh Robert, born November 24, 1805, baptized by M. A. Fraser, Inverness. Cut his 
first tooth and began to stand about 14th Dec. i8u6 ' (From Family Bible. Note in liis 
father's handwriting.) 
■' i.e. Whooping cough. 

* He was a famous bowler at Harrow, being in the XI. in 1S37, 183S, and 1S39, and after- 
wards a member of ibt Zingari Cricket Team. 
VOL. If. O 



m. first, Chriatia 

• nUull of Kiuloas; m. se 


miinuir, 1007-1720. 

alf of Drununuir. m. 

vosT OF Inveknkss, 1C32-1715, 

condly, Janet Lookhart ; m. third, Fraser. 

Ak-iander of Dn 
m. Katheriue D) 

1 1 
James, died 1709, Eleven others. Meldrum, heiress of Crombie, 
died 17-'.!. 

William of Joan, 

Ci'o.nbie, ]U'J8. 


of Ayr, 


m. Elizabeth 




m. Tetor Gordon 

of Ardnieallie. 

James of 

1 III 

Jlargaret. Ueluu, .Luiet. A daughter, 

1700-178!). m. Sir Alex. 170717'.I7. 170,8, 

m. ^V. Gordon liarclay died at school 

of Farakaue. of Towie. in Edinburgh. 

William. Jane, 

m. Dr. Dalrymple 
of North Lerwick. 

Anne, dieil 1811, 

m. first, 1702, William, 

Karl of Dumfrica ; 

m. secondly, 1709, 

Hon. Alojtauder Gordon, 

Lord Rockville. 


m. her cous 
Sir IIcw Dairy 


1 III 
Sir James Duff of Cadiz, Hugh, died in East 
jiatent of baronet.ige, Indies, 1707. 
with special remainder Thomas, died 17.'54. 
to his uepliew, William, died 1790. 


afterwards of Fy vie, 


1 1 1 
William, 1772-1823, assumed name of Ale.xander, Cosmo. 

Duff, M.r. for city of Worcester, killed at Talavcra. 
second baronet, m. Caroline Corncwall. 1774-1809. 


Alexander Cornewal), GeorginaCornevvall. Alicia Frances, 

1811-1872, third baronet, 1S22. 

Lucy Austin in 18 10, died 1809. 


Maurice, 1849-1890. Janet, Cosmo Edmund, 

m. first, m. secondly, m. Ross. 1802, fifth li.arone 

Fanny Hall Sophie M". Urania. m.l900,Lucy Walla 
Hughes; Steer. 


Caroline. 187-1, Douglas F., Co.smo L., Dulcibella. 
m. Aubrey AVaterfield. 1K92. 1897. 


James Duff of Crombie tlic second surviving son of William Duff, 
Provost of Inverness, and uncle of William Duff of Muirtown. LiLtle is 


known of liis early life and education, in fact we do not even know what 
business he pursued unlil his niarriajre, when it is lo Ije presumed that he 
settled down on his wife's estate and managed it for her. 

About 1G9G or 1G97 hemarricd his first cousin once removed (who was also 
his second cousin), Jean Mcldrum, heiress of Crombie in Banffshire. She was 
the eldest granddaughter of JMargaret Duff, Clunybeg's sister, who married 
John IMeldrum of Laithers. This John Meldruni had two sons ; the eldest, 
Peter Meldrum, succeeded him in Laithers, and the second, George Jlcldrum, 
was minister of Glass, and afterwards purchased the estate of Crombie. 
George Meldrum had also married his cousin once removed, Jean Duff, 
second daughter of Alexander Duff of Keithmore. He was very much older 
than his Avife, being then sixty years of age, and had baptised her. 

From the following sketch tree, where Jean Jleldrum appears three times, 
the relationship of James and his wife will be understood. 

Adam of Chmybeg. 


Alexander of Keithmore. William of Inverness. Peter. George, 

I I m. Jean Duff. 

Jean Duff, James, I 

m. George Meldrum. m. Jean Meldrum. Jean Meldrum. 
Jean Meldrum. 

George Jleldrum, minister of Glass, was an IM.A. of King's College, 
Aberdeen, in 1637, licensed by Presbytery of Aberdeen, presented to the 
living of Glass by George, Marquis of Iluntly, in January lG-1 1, and ordained 
April 24 in the same year. He was suspended May 25, 1604, for refusing 
to acknowledge Episcopacy, deposed October 5, 1664, and imprisoned for 
a time at Edinburgh in 1684. In January 1GS5 he was sentenced (with 
three other ministers) by the Commissioners of the Privy Council for the 
district of Sloray at Elgin, to be banished for keeping conventicles and 
refusing to keep the kirk, and, lieing a herilor, was also lined £6,6G6, 13s. 4d. 
Scots (about £222) ; was thereafter confined in Blackness Castle, and was 
ordered by the Privy Council, July 14, 1685, to be liberated on giving 
bond to pay his fine and finding caution to appear when called. He pur- 
chased the lands of Crombie in Marnoeh. He was restored to his ministry 
at Glass on April 25, IGOO (Presbytery of Strathbogie Records). 

He died in November 1G92, in the seventy-sixth year of his age, 
and is ijuricd in Marnoeh churchyard, where a fine carved stone bust 
and the following inscription were placed to his memory : ' Here lies the 
late reverend and pious Mr. George Meldruni of Crombie, sometime of 

■nc> DUFFS OF ci?oi\iini<: and duff cordons 

Class, a fnilliful [)r(:irlier, wlio, wliilc llir limes pciinilli'il, (]ili;,r,.„Lly dis- 
(•li.-ir;,'<'(l 111.' (Iiilics <ir his paslonil (illici'. Nol lu-iii;;' a\'iii'icii)us, lie was 
neh ami wouKl mil ilo violence to liis conscience foi- the sake ol' gain. 
lie liveil peaceably and soberly and departed hence a.d. 1G92 in the 
7Gth year of his age." (Translation.) 

(Icorgc Meldruni was at one time tutor to the children of Lord Findlatcr. 
In Jinic 1G70 lie writes to Lady Findlatcr from Aberdeen : ' Your noble 
and hopeful children are in good health, and very careful to iin])rovc all 
means of education as much as the meanest in the place' ^ 

In the Records of Old .■ibcrdccn we find the following entry : 

' January ICth, 1080. Money received by Kirk Session of St. Machar's Church 
of Aberdeen, for licences granted to persons to niarrie williuut proclamation of 
JJanes. iMr. George Meldruni of Crombie and .Jean Duff, dau-hter of Alexander 
Duff— £20. 0. 0.' 

The issue of this marriage was : 

Jean, ^vllo married James Duff, as above stated. 
Helen, married Alexander Abereromby of Glassaugh. 
Isobel, married Archibald Ogilvie of Kothiemay. 
The marriage of Jean, the eldest daughter, would ajipcar to have been a 
matter of family arrangement, rather than affection. Jean Duff, the elder, 
wife of George i\Icldrum, writes thus to her imclc, Provost William : 

' Aueiu)i:kn, Jan. 20, KIO-l. 
' Affectionat Uncle, — I rcceavcd yours, as for answer I have written my 
mynd fully to Braco ancnt my daughters marriage and you may perswad your- 
self that I shall be most willing that your son may gain her affectione bc-for any 
other. Had it not been for the love I had to my relations I would not hav doon 
what I have doon in that affair, for mor than I cane express and truly I most 
eonfes, it is a very great horor on my spirit and trublc to my mynd in giving 
consent to marrie her till she had com to the years of understanding what did 
belong to an unmarried state, and seing my daughter gave so many declarations 
both bcfor strangers and friends that she did not lov the young man and her 
cariagc towards your son is so well knowen that if she should be married at 
Inverness her friends and others may hav ground to say that she is forsed, and 
wronged very much, and I hop you will doe nothing in that affair but what you 
can answer for to the great (iod to whom we must all, or long, giv an aceompt 
and when I sereously refleck in betrcying the truist her father left upon me to 
honour his memory with, for pairting with a child, the cair of her being left 
u])un me and I most intreat again that you go noe further length in that afair 

' Seaficld Correspondence, J. Grant, LL.B. 


till slic he hrouglit to mc wliich iff you doo il may be mutter of greiiffand lamenta- 
tion to me al niy days, wliis is all at jjn'seiit [loiii, Yoxn- affectionate nice to serve 
you, Jean DuI'T. 

' ffor Provost Duff, in Inverness — tliese.' (■£>.) 

Jean Meldrum herself, -who cannot have been more than thirteen, 
writes thus, in a large round childish hand. (She appears to have remained 
for many months in Inverness, in the house of her uncle.) 

' Dear Mother, — I wold be glad to hear that ye was not the wors of your 
travel and I am fully reeo\ercd of my sprcng and I have no desir to stay hear, 
and I intreat you wold writ to your brother Dipl. to bring me horn, upon som 
acunts which I shal not writ of at this tim, and I desir you wold writ to me when 
you writ to j-our brother, no mor at preset but wishing to see you shortly, rests 
your obdcnt Da Daughter, Jean Melurum. 

'Invhiinkss, Sept. 2Wi, IC'J-l. 

' for the Lady Cromlae at Aberdeen — these.' (-R.) 

The date of the marriage of James Duff and Jean Bleldrum has not 
been ascertained, but as, according to the Aberdeen Marriage Registers, 
they had three daughters, born respectively in 1C9S, 1G99, and 1700, it 
cannot have been later that 1097, when Jean was sixteen. The elder 
Jean had also been married very young, so that when writing the above 
letter to her uncle concerning her daughter's marriage slie was a widow of 
under forty, with three young daughters. Slic died in 1725. 

Jajies Duff of Crombie had by his wife Jean one son and six daughters : 

1. Willia:m, afterwards of Crombie.^ 

2. Joan, born 1098, died young {Aberdeen Regisier). 

3. Mary, born 1099; married Peter Gordon of Ardmcallic, by whom 
she had two sons, Archibald and James. She died 1780. 

•1. I\Iargaret, born 1700 ; married to William Gordon of Farskane, 
whose mother was a Dull' of Braco, by whom she liad issue two sons and 
two daughters (see chapter xxxii.). Her husband was the fourth and last 
William Gordon of Farskane. She died in 1789, in her ninetieth year. 

5. Helen, married Sir Alexander Barclay of Towic. She died soon 
after her marriage, leaving one daughter Jane, who married Dr. Dalrymple 
of North Berwick, brother to Elizabeth, Helen's aunt. 

6. Janet, born 1707. 

1 Served heir to his mother, Jean Meldrum, in the lands and barony of Crombie, July 3, 
1730. Disposition of the whole lands of Crombie by William Duff in favour of James, Earl 
of Findlater, August 9, 174S {Culloi House Chatters). 


7. Anotlicr dannlitcr, who died at scliool in Edinburfrli. 

Janas Duff died in ITO'J and was succeeded by his only son, 
WilHani DulT of Cronibie, born abouL 1701. lie stuthed for the Uuv 
ant! became an advocate ; he was appointed De])uty SlicriJ'f of Banffshire, 
and Deputy Sheriff of Ayr in 17-18. 

In tlie Alhciitarlc Papers we find ' among tliosc recommended to be 
Deputy Slieriffs in 1717— Air, WiHiani Duff, £200.' Tiiere is also the 
following note from the Lord Justice-Clerk (vVndrew Fletcher) : ' Mr. 
William Duff, reconnnended by the Earl of Loudon, Principal Sheriff. IMr. 
Duff is a Whig, and has sufiicient knowledge in the Law for being Deputy 
Sheriff, and as T miderstand will be agreeable to the gentlemen of that 
county.' ^ 

William Duff married, ai)out 1730, Elizabeth Dalrymple, born 1713, 
a daughter of Sir Robert Dalrym])le, by -whom he had four sons and several 
daughters, two of whom married. 

1. James of Cadiz, born 1731.. 

2. Hugh, a merchant in India, died unmarried in Bengal in 17G7. In 
1764 he made his will, by which he left the whole residue of his estate to 
his father for life, then to his mother if she survived her husband, after 
which it was to be equally divided between his brother William and his 
sister Janet. He added a codicil to the effect that he excluded his brother 
James and his sister Anne, ' for no other reason, only that I think them 
already well provided for.' - 

3. TiiojiAS, who, according to Baird, ' commanded a ship in the country 
trade in the East India Company's service, and died there several years 
ago, leaving about £5000 Str., which he had made upon that coast.' ^ 

4. William, merchant in Bengal. Apparently he was not in India 
at the time when his brother Hugh made his will, for the latter writes : 
' Shoidd my brother William be in this country at the time of my decease, 
it is my will that my executors pay him 12,000 curt. Rupees.' 

There is no account of William ever liaving been married.^ 

' In a letter, preserved at the Record Oflice, from the Lord Justice-Clerk (Thomas Miller) to 
Lord Suffolk, 1775, is the following passage : ' In apiiroval of the application for a pension of 
£ioa per annum to Mr. Duff on his resignation of the olficc of Sheriff of Ayr, held by him since 
the first institution o( Slierifl in 17)8.' 

' India Office licgislcrs. 

' ' William Duff of Crombic, Advocate, executor-dative qua creditor to umqlo Thomas 
Duff, late shipmaster in Ayr, died November 16, 1754. William Dull made application to tlie 
Admiral Depute of Ayr for sale of the vessel in which the defunct Thomas had one eighth share ' 
(Commissariot Records) . 

^ It IS pos3il)le to identify him with William Duff of Mctlapolliam, administration of whose 
estate was granted in 1790 (Uidian Registers). 


r>. Annk, who married, (irsl, in 17(i'J, llic I'larl of Dumrrics and Stair, 
I)UL had no issur l.y iiini ; and secondly, in ITO'.), Alexan(UT Cordon, 
advocate, brother to the Ivirl of Aberdeen. He was Sheriff of Kirkcud- 
bright, and became Lord Rockville. By him she had I'our sons and four 
daughters : 

Charles, born 1770, afterwards in Fyvie. 

William, born 1772, who became Sir William Duff Gordon. 

Alexander, born 177-1, Lieutenant-Colonel S3rd Foot, killed at 

Talavera, July 28, 1S09, unmarried. 
Cosmo, born 1777, called after the Grand Duke of Tuscany. Pie 
married and left a son, also named Cosmo, who died without 
Anne, married, in 1795, John Cathcart. 
Janet, married, in 1799, Hon. Hugh Lindsay. 
Catherine, married, in 1800, Robert Hepburn. 
Margaret, married, in 1802, Sir Coutts Trotter. 
Alexander, Lord Rockville, died 1792, his wife 1811. 
6. Janet, married her cousin, Sir H. Dalryniple of North 

While he was Sheriff, William Duff wrote thus to Lord Fife : 

'Am, '2r,lli Jane 1704. 

' My Lord, — When I had the honour to receive your very kind obliging letter 
of the 4th from Edinb'' I was very much indisposed with a ct)ld and severe cough, 
which brought on a spitting of blood, which two Bleedings, a Blister and other 
applications have not intirely removed, tho' I bless God am now much better, 
and as the weather and season is favourable hope that I may soon gett free of 
these complaints. 

' This last attack, with the Rheumatism and Scurvy which have distressed 
me for several years past, makes me sensiljle of the infh-rnitys of approaching 
old age ; and have pretty much cooled my ambition for preferment and I tell 
your Lordship with truth and sincerity that I look to my being advanced to 
the Bench with indifference, being uncertain if it would contribute to my happi- 
ness, as I never was anxious about being rich, and always made it my chief study 
to be content and satisfied with my situation in lafe, and when I look round me I 
think I have great reason to I)c thankful having been lucky in my wife and 
children with such a competency as to make me independent. I cannot, how- 
ever, conceal the satisfaction I feel from your Lordshijis friendship in recomend- 
ing me in so strong a manner, and hope youshall always find me ready to make all 
the grateful acknowledgments in my power and that you will not ha%e any reason 
to alter your opinion of, — Jly Lord, Your nmch obliged and Obedient humble 
Servant, W'illiaji Duff.' [D.) 


William Duff of C'loiubie .iir.l in 17.S1, luul his son, .JaTurs Durf of Cadiz 
was ycrvc-a IkIi- lo liiiu, buL Ihc cslaU's had already bcni sold by William 
to Lord Findlatcr in 17-18. 

James Duff was born in 1734, and, according to Baird, was ' long a 
merchant and factor in Lisbon,' but the only records now extant sliow him 
as trading in Spain. 

In 1790 he was appointed Britisli Consul at Cadiz, and resided there for 
the rest of his life. After the battle of Talavera in 1809, the Duke of 
Wellington (then ^Luxjuis of Wellcsley) landed at Cadiz almost at the 
moment when despatches announcing his great victory reached that town. 
He was received with demonstrations of great joy, the horses were taken 
from his carriage, and he was drawn to the house of James Duff, amid the 
cheers of the inhabitants. 

During the subsequent investment of Cadiz, under Soult, in 1810, Mr. 
Duff entertained liis cousin James, Lord i\Iacduff, afterwards fourth Earl 
Fife, who was then an invalid owing to a wound which he had received in 
the attack on Fort Matagorda, close to Cadiz. 

' James of Cadiz lived all his life and died in Spain. Imbibed all the 
chivalry of the old Spaniard — commanded the admiration of his Spanish con- 
temporaries as if he had been one of themselves. He had unlimited credit all 
over the peninsula throughout the war, and during the siege of Cadiz (such was 
his humour) resolutely refused to allow that there was any siege going on at all — 
and on one occasion when a shell dropped into the fountain in the court of his 
house, and my late father-in-law (Gen. James Lindsay), who was sitting with 
him on the terrace, asked him quietly : " Sir, what 's that ? " replied testily — 
" Pooh, pooh, damned nonsense." He was the most hospitable and kind of men, 
and all the young oilicers had a home and a rendezvous at his house.' ' 

James Duff's correspondence with Lord Wellcsley (as well as a large 
number of his consular reports and other ofllcial letters), is among the 
Additional MSS. at the British Museum. 

James Buff to the Most Noble the Marquis of Wellesley, Seville 

'Cadiz, 'J.^\th Aug. 1809. 
'We are inundulcd with reports as to the armies, etc. People nuist have 
something to talk about, but upon these subjeeLs, in many eases, they take un- 
warrantable liberties.' 

He took a curiously optimistic view of the possibilities of the 

' From a letter (roni the twenly-fitlli I.ord Crawford to Major I.acl]lan Dutf, 1S70. 


W;ilclici-cn ICxiH'ditioii, I'or he writes Lo Joliii lujilics on September 
7, l.S()',»: 

' I Iiave lilllc doubt lliut (he next accounts will bring us [news of] the capture 
of the shipj)ing m that of their destruction ; it \viil be more or less contested 
according to cireimistances ; anyhow I incline to believe that we will establish 
ourselves in Walelieren, and consequently masters of the Scheldt and able to 
internate with Holland and Gueldcrland by the inland navigation and render 
uncertain and dillieult the navigation of the Rhine as far as Venlo.' 

James Buff to the Most Nolle the Marquis ofWcllcsJeij, Seville 

'Ci.\ni, 2ith Oct. 1809. 
' I have been happy to learn througli General Boyle, your Lordship's decision 
as to Lodgeing with nie when you arrive here, and which will be highly gratifying 
to me.' 

James Duff of Cadiz to John Forbes, London 

'Cadiz, V\(k Jun. 1008. 
' rrivalc. 

' My DEAii Sir, — I have received your very obliging letter of tlie 8Lh inst. It 
reached me ujion the 2Sth and confirm'd what I had a few days before learnt of 
your safe arrival. I learn from it. Lord Wellesley being very well, may he long 
continue so. His magnanimity in coming forward, in the present Crisis is no 
more than I expected. I am confident it will prove beneficial at Home and to 
this country particularly and all over Europe and I expect he will prove a 
Powerfull instrument in compassing the downfall of Buonaparte. I will thank 
you to mention it to His Excellency, with my respectful Compliments and that 
it was my intention to have written by this opportunity ; the early departure of 
which has ])revented me, and that I must defer to a subsequent one. I shall 
wave saying much as to the situation of the affairs of this Country, the .Junta 
becomes every day more and more unpopular, and there are those who entertain 
tipniioiis that wc are approaching to some important Crisis — the Public opinion 
eonliiHus witlKHit alteration throughout the Country, as to their hatred and 
detestalion of the French and from eircumstances it may jjrobably not be long 
b(;fore it becomes palpable, liuimaparte entering the Country ^vciuld be pro- 
bably assigned to it. 

' I thank you for your promise of writing me when any interesting news. 
I suppose we may soon expect to see here Mr. Wellesley, our new Ambassador. I 

shall be glad of the opportunity of being known to him With sinccrest regards, 

my dear Sir, Your most faithful and obedient servant, 

'James Duff.' 

In 1S13, James Duff was made a baronet of the United Kingdom, with 


■■><,■ . J i 


special rrniaindcr lo Iiis ncplirw William (K)nl(.ii, son of LonI llockvillc, 

and his iuii-s-malr. I'ossihly I his honour was c \-nv<\ owin.t;- to Lhc 

cxcrlions oi' Loril l^'ifc, who iiud jnst icLui'netl to J'Jngland IVoni Spain at 
tiiat date. 

Sir James Duff was tlic subject of discussion in tlie House of Commons 
iu February 1815. The facts of the case ^vere as follows : 

Don Antonio Puigblanc, Hebrew Professor in tlic University of Alcala, 
liaving written various works in condemnation of the Inquisition, deter- 
mined, after Ferdinand vir. resumed the crown, to seek safety in Gibraltar. 
Having obtained a passport, countersigned by Sir James Duff, he set sail 
with a friend from Cacliz for Gibraltar. At the same time. Sir James 
Duff sent a letter to Gibraltar pointing out these persons as being objects 
of suspicion to the Simnish Government. The result was that these two 
men were arrested by order of General Smith, the Lieutenant-Governor 
of Gibraltar, delivered to a Spanish commandant and conveyed back to 
Cadiz in irons. Having arrived there, Puigblanc was tried and acquitted, 
but was then told that he would have to be examined before the tribunal 
of the Inquisition. However, he effected his escape to England, where he 
made his case generally known, and excited much sympathy, the whole 
matter being much discussed. 

Loril Batliurst wrote to General Smith and Sir James Duff intimating 
the impropriety of their action. It appears that the General had only 
recently succeeded to the command of the fort, and was therefore little 
acquainted with its civil duties. Sir James Duff was then over eighty 
years of age, and had spent many years in oilice at Cadiz, where he enjoyed 
general esteem. 

In Parliament the matter was very vehemently debated, and one 
member remarked that Sir James Duff's action in ordering the examina- 
tion of a British convoy at Cadiz with tlic view of preventing certain 
Spaniards from making their escape from persecution was most repre- 
hensible, as ' participating in the detestable tyranny now prevalent in 
Spain.' A motion was put, that ' this House entirely disai)proves of the 
action of General Smith and Sir James Duff, and that the displeasure 
of the House at their conduct be conveyed to Ihem.' In the debate 
which followed, it was generally admilU-d that (Jeueral Smith's eon- 
duet hatl been indelVusible, but that he had been misled owing to lack 
of acquaintance with the j)ractice on similar occasions. With regard to 
Sir James Duff, it was held that he had done nothing improper in giving 
information to llie (Jovernor concerning the |)ersons who had taken refuge 
in Gibraltar, and, at the same lime, lie liad liCL it to the General to deternuTie 
what was the proper course lo pursue, further, il was held that the 



. /• 



iAMKS DUrp- C 


reprimand delivered hy Lord Bathurst was a sunicicnt piinislinicnt, and 
that no further notice sliould be taken of the occurrence. 

On a division the motion was lost, and Sir James Dull' was exonerated 
and held ' not to have acted as a tool of tlie Spanish Government.' 

Whether this matter hastened his end or not can only be conjectured, 
but in November 1815 Sir James Duff died at Port St. Mary's, Sjmin, in 
his eighty-second year. His interment took place in the officers' cemetery, 
Gibraltar, on December 3, General Don, the lyieutenant-Govcrnor, being chief 
mourner. The pall was borne by eight of the Foreign Consuls at Gibraltar, 
and Avas attended by the principal merchants and inhabitants of the place, 
the ofTicers of the Army and Navy, those in the public departments, and the 
general officers and their staff. IMinutc guns were fired during the march 
to the grave. Sir James died unmarried, and his baronetcy went to his 
nephew, William Gordon, who assumed the name of Duff, and was known 
for the future as Sir William Duff Gordon. 

There was a portrait of Sir James Duff in Duff IIouse,i but when this 
mansion was handed over to the towns of Macduff and Banff the j^icturc 
was removed to Monteoffer. Tliere is also a copy of the ]iortrait at 

Sir William Duff Gordon, second baronet, Avas born in 1772. He 
was Member of Parliament for the city of Worcester from 1S07 for several 
years. He married, in 1810, Caroline, daughter of Sir George Cornewall, 
M.P., and had by her two sons and two daughters : 

1. Alexander Cornewall, thii-d baronet, born ISll. 

2. Cos.MO Lewis, born 1812 ; married Anna Maria Antiobus, who died 
in 1808. He died in 1S7G. His family was : 

Cosmo Edmund, born 1SG2. 

Henry, born ISGG ; married ]\huid Hammersley, and has two sons 

and a daughter. 
John Cornewall, born 1869. 
Flora, married Arlluir Streatfield. 
Evelyn, married Kodger Cunliffe. 

3. Georgina Catherine, died unmarried. 

4. Alicia Frances, born 1822, died unmarried. 

Sir William Duff Gordon died in 1823, aged fifty-one, and was succeeded 
by his eldest son. 

Sir Alexander Cornewall Duff Gordon, third baronet, was born in 
1811. He was for many years a clerk in the Treasur>% and acted as Private 
Secretary to the Chancellor of the Exchequer. He became a senior clerk 

Here reproduced. 


in I ho 'rrcasiiry in I H.Tt, .-ukI w;is iippoinl.'ci a Coinniissioncr nf Inland 
Kcvcini.- in I,S5(;. lie was also AssislanI (icnilrnian I l.sii.r of llic I'.ivy 
Council lo Her Majesty (^iiifu Victoria. 

lie married, in ISIO, Lucy, daughter of Mr. Austin, Professor of Juris- 
lirudcnec. Owing to indifferent Iicaltli, she was eonijielled to spend most 
ol' Iier hfe al>roa(L After a visit to the (,'apc, site settled in Kgypt, and 
()een])ied her time in literary work. At first she wrote under her maitleu 
name of Lucy Austin, Ijut iier later works appeared as by Lucy Duff 
Gordon. Among the books that she ]iublished may be mentioned Letters 
from Egijpt, describing iier life there, Letters from the Cape, and The 
French in Algiers. She also translated Moltke's Russian Campaign on 
the Danube and Rankc's Ferdinand and Maximilian. 

Ill Egypt, where she spent all the latter part of her life, she was very 
popular with the people owing to her liberal spirit. It is related that 
sometimes, as she passed along, the natives would raise ' a cry of joy,' and 
lling brandies and llowcrs in her patli. She died in Egypt in July 1S()9, 
leaving one son, Maurice, and two daughters, Janet, now Mrs. Ross, well 
known as the authoress of Tliree Generations of Englisli Women, and the 
Fourth Generation ; and Urania, mIio died young. 

Sir Alexander Duff Gordon died in October 1872, aged sixty-one. 

Sir Maurice Duff Gordon, fourth baronet, only son of Sir Alexander 
Corncwall Duff Gordon, was born in IStO. He was educated at Eton, and 
became a member of the London Stock Exchange, lie was the owner of 
Fyvic Castle, Aberdeenshire, famous as jjossessing a secret chamber, but 
was compelled by iinancial embarrassments to sell this estate to the present 
Lord Leith. Sir ^hiurice had inherited this beautiful and historic old 
castle from his cousin Colonel Gordon, ami there is a curious tradition in 
connection \vith I'yvie that it never descends direct from father to son. 
This has been exemplified in several instances. 

Sir Maurice married twice. Firstly, in 1872, Fanny, daughter of Henry 
Watcrton, and widow of Seymour Ball Hughes. She died in 1890, leaving 
one daughter Caroline, mari'icd to Aubrey AVaterlield. Mrs. 'Watcrfield 
is a well-known authoress, and writes under the name of ' Lina Duff 
Gordon.' Home Life in Italy is one of her best-known books, for which 
her husband supplied the illustrations. She has two sons, born in l'J03 
and 190G. 

Sir Maurice married, secondly, in 1891, Sophie Mary, daughter of 
Charles Steer, but had no children by her. 

lie became bankrupt in 1895, and dieil in May 1S9G, aged Ibrty-scvcn. 
He was succeeded by his cousin : 

Sir Cos.-\io Edmund Duff Gordon, fifth baronet, who was born in 18G2, 


hciiif,' the cMist sou of Cosmo Lewis Duff Gordon. lie married Mrs. Lucy 
W'allaee, bul lias no cliildrcn. lie owns a properly at INlarycuiLer, Kin- 
cardineshire. Sir Cosmo and Iiis wife were on the ill-fated Titanic when 
she struck an iceberg on her maiden voyage to America on April 10, 1912, 
but \verc amongst those who were saved. 



Clunybeg's fourlli son is thus briefly disposed of by I3aird : ' George of 
Ivlindia.'li married, lirst, lleatricc Duff, daughter to (Adam) Duff of Drum- 
bnlg, and next a minister's daughter nanied Alexander, lie left, by his 
two wives, three sons : Adam (great-grand fatlier to James Duff, presently 
(177;j) schoolmaster at Mortlach and a student of Divinity), William, and 
Daniel, and two daughters, Margaret and Rachel, and their progeny is now- 
very numerous.' There was also a son Robert. 

Of these sons, Adam is now represented l)y the Duffs of New Noth ^ and 
otJicrs in America, Robert by the Duffs of Hilloekhcad and Towiemore,^ 
and cither William or Daniel, as is conjectured, by a family which settled 
in Elgin and later in London (sec chapter xxx.). Baird makes no mention 
of the sons of anj' of them, but goes on at once to ' Adani's grand- 
son, Peter, married Anne Moir, granddaughter to Moir of Waulkmilm, an 
Ilcrctor, and got £500 str. of portion with her. They have six sons, 
James, Alexander, John, Peter, William, and Robert ; and three daughters, 
Anne, Margaret, and Rachel.' By the courtesy of Miss Jean ]\IactlonaId, 
Ills great-granddaughter, we are enabled to give some further details about 
Peter, who held the farm of Mather Cluny, and his sons. 

The name of his father, son of Adam,'' is not certainly known, but is 
believed to have been George. And this George was most probably the 
writer of the following letter, who was obviously of Dipple's generation, 
though younger; Dipple was born 1653: 

'Ki.iNDiAni, li) Jan. lODO. 

' Much IIoxouued, — I hear tliat yce intend to goc for Edr. the nixt week 
(God willing) I would glaidly wait upon you till yce came back bccaus there 
is a foster sister of myn besyd Edr. that has been curious these scvcrall years 
to see some of us nor can I give you Sir a positive answer to what you spoak to 

* Noth was the farm on which George Gordon, the grandfather of the great Gordon of Glen- 
buckot, started hfe. 

' See the end of this chapter. 

' Adam Dutf in Nether Cluny was an elder of Mortlach in 171 1. Both Mather and Nether 
Cluny still exist. 


(iHOianO VVFV .,r IOmtn.uali., Ml. firrtt, li,iil,ic.. Dull-; .„. H,.c,„„lly, Ale 

I "r r I ■ i ' ^ 

Adam Williiiin. Daniel. H..l>eit !\Inrg.iivt. Ri 

of JIatluT Cluiiy, of IlillocklRuil. 

in 1711. Hcc later. 

James, AL-xaiuler, Jul.ii. ]',-ter. Hol.ert, 

171H 1773. kille.l ill Spain, | M'illiam. in 170r, 

I8i:;. flcunjc. in. Ulizaheth (i 

I I I 

Jaino^ Peter. llcv. Rol.ert, 

ofNewNoth. I m. C. Stiiitl.era. m. 

I Fifteen chiMren. I 


Robert James. Helen. Roliert Struthers, Jean, 

of New Noth, Alexaudcr. Elizabeth. ami eight others. amlotlier.^. 

m. M. Christie. Jean. See below ((<). 

I JIargarct. 

11 I I I I i I I I 1 I 

Hubert, John, JI.B., Helen, Jean, m. Margaret, Agne.s, Jessie, m. Maria, 

mimarrieil. ni.C. DaviJaon. Jemima, J. Donakl. m. C. Grant, m. J. Law. J. M''\\'illi;im. m. (i. Smit: 

I Alex.a, I I I I Xo issue. 

I'lancisof Margaret. alhli.-.l un- Jean. ^Villiam. Duff. Ahxa. 

New Noth, niarrie.l. Klsie. Kstelle. liarliara. Annie, m. 

111. Ellen Grace. Agnes. John. Frank. J. IVteraui 

Forbes. liobeit. Ian, Nanette. Allan. j 

I I I John. JIargaret. America. Agnes. F,li;'alietli. 

I'rank. Hmialyn. Maria. Russell. .'Margaret. William, 

Iniies. JIargaret. James. Evelyn. Norman. Helen. 

Ian. Isabel. Mysie. 

(a) Peter ! 

Duir, r 


n. firs 


t, E. Ma 

1 1 
,1, Ri.I, 



1 1 


, Janet Jlill. 

Klsle.'m. AJai 
.M'Hattie. Jeai 
AVilliam, Jolin, 

ill. Gantley. E. «lii 


m. Catherine Strnther.- 


I I I 

Rose. Daisy. E.liiiunJ. 


mc till I sec lirr, I have sovcrall reasons I;.k. U-di.ius lo hr ihiw wiyLIrn why I 
must SCO Ik-1- Ik'Toi-c I iiigad.i^n- willi any so yt I hope- Sir y(;ii '11 \>v plcasrd to srnd 
mc word by this bearer (if you take mc with you) of your tlyct that I may be 
ready and because luy Father will have missing of mc at this tym, it must be, as 
if it were motioned by j'our self and scrv mc off him which he will not refuse and 
will keep him from being angry at mc, I crave your pardon, Sir, for this pre- 
sumption, for I am, — Much bond.. Your most affcctionat and humble servant, 

' George Duff. 

' ffor the much bond., Bailie Duff, younger of Dippic— these' {D.) 

Bainl continues : ' Tiicre is, I believe, just now (1773) many more tiian 
a hundred male and Icmale descendants of this George Dull of Edindiach 
within the Lordsliip of Balvcnie, and in that country some of them pretty 
substantial Farmers or Farmers' wives, but still in a situation below their 
rank, and this their ancestor is to be blamed for. His fatlier gave him a 
good education and a competent Patrimony for those days, he likewise got 
good portions with his two wives, but was himself an idle, lazy, stupid 
fellow, very different from his three elder brothers, and his eldest son Adam 
was not a whit better. All their children were left in a low way, and their 
posterity hav^c continued so ever since. But there are now some promising 
young men amongst them, whom Lord Fife takes care to educate to business 
or handicrafts.' 

Old Baird had an almost feudal reverence for the head of the family, 
and the power which he ought to possess. The whole purpose of his nai'vc 
chronicle is the glorification of his successful nephe^^■. According to 
tradition, Adam died in the old castle of lialvenie. 

His grandson Peter, besides Mather Cluny, also held land in Buchromb, 
but falling into pecuniary dilficulties was obliged to resign the whole into 
the hands of the second Lord Fife, his third cousin. Peter is alluded to in 
one of the letters of William Baird, as a tm'bulent person (see chapter viii.). 

The eldest son Jajies ' entered as schoolmaster of Aberlour at Candle- 
mas 17GC,' and must therefore have been born not later than 174S. He 
also appears as Jacobus Duff, BanfTiensis, in the roll of Alumni of King's 
College, Aberdeen, 17G7-1771, and took his M.A. in 1771. ' It was a common 
jiracticc at that time for students to become schoolmasters during their 
University course, putting a substitute to teach in their absence at College, 
and occasionally a man held a school during the whole of his University 
course.' ^ James Duff was examined and approved by the Presbytery 
of Aberlour on April 1, 17GG, and was translated to Mortlach at Candlemas 

The Kev. Stephen Reo. 


1770, aiul examined and apj^rovcd by tlic I'rcsbytory of StralIil)ogie 
June 20, LhcrcalU'r. lie died bcl'orc- July '20, 177^ (al)out the very time 
wlicn liaird's history oi' the Duffs was finished). Interesting letters from 
him arc in the Uuff House collection, and show how Lord Fife assisted 
these I'clatives. The first is addressed to Wilhara Rose, the factor : 

'iMoRTLAcn, Oct. 10, 1770. 

' Dear Sir, — I remember to have hinted to you, when at Inncshousc, my 
intintions of cum ciehng the room in the school in which I sleep providing my 
Lord would be so good as allow mc what wood would be necessary for that 
purpose, as rain no sooner falls from the heavens than it makes it's way in by the 
sleats and renders it a very uncomfortable lodging. It would therefore be 
obliging if you would take the trouble to talk to my Lord here ancnt it, and upon 
his condescending to grant me the number of Trees required j'ou'd send me an 
order upon Mr. Duncan to deliver the same. I would apply to the Heritors in 
general, was it not that things of this nature arc sometimes little attended to, 
or at least slow in their execution. I would therefore chearfully defray the 
expences of workmanship in order to my being more agreeably accomodated, 
having it in my power to remove it at my leaving this place or oblige my suc- 
cessor to reimburse me in the cxpcnecs thereby incurred. And, expecting your 
answer p Bearer, if convenient, I am, wt sincere regard and unalterable esteem, — 
Sir, Your much obliged ever Obcdt and very hu^e Ser*, 

'.James Duff.' (/).) 

Another letter to William Reid at Duff House : 

' MonTr.ACH, Deer. lUth, 1772. 

' Sir, — Mr. Gordon says that Lord Fife was so engaged in Business when He 
was at Duff house, that jMr. Rose had not an opportunity of talking to his Lord- 
ship relative to my affair ; Therefore, as you have my receipt for the £10 Stg. 
annually allowed by his Lordship towards the defraying my expenses at Abdn., 
and as I have reason to think, from his Lordship's often experienced friendship, 
that he will not discontinue the same till at least my Divinity courses be finished, 
'tis hoped you '11 cither send that sum by Bearer or a di'aught on Mr. Gordon for 
the same, as it would enable me to buy in my winter provisions, which can be 
purchased at a lower rate just now than some months hereafter. — JMeantime, I 
am wt. Reijard, Sir. Your Oblis^cd Humble Servant, 

•.f.\Mi;s Duff.' {D.) 

On April 1, 1773, .John Innes of Balvcnie writes to Lord Fife : ' May 
lieaven bless and long preserve your lordship,' and proceeds to ask for the 
post of schoolmaster of Mortlach for his son Jamie, ' as tlie present school- 
master (James Duff) is given over and cannot last many days.' (D.) 

Alexander, the second son, was a Lieutenant in the 71st Regiment. He 
was wounded at Vittoria, and killed at San Sebastian, July 25, 181.3. He 
married, on July 2, 1805, Mary Elizabeth Gordon. His only daughter 



Isabella ' died lOlh Se)itcmbcr 1887 in the thirtielh year of her age,' and is 
buried in Elgin Cathedral. 

John, the third son, held the farm of Hillside. He left one son George, 
who married Raehel Gordon, and had a son David, o.s.p., also two daughters 
— Rachel and Margaket. 

Peter was a surgeon. 

William enlisted in his brother Alexander's regiment, but was killed 
in action when quite young, leaving a widow and a eliild, who died without 

Robert had the farm of Milton of Buehromb. 

Margaret married a man named Murdoch. 

Anne also married. 

Rachel died unmarried. 

Robert alone has left descendants. He had three sons, James, Peter, 
and Robert, and one daughter Jean. When young he went to America, 
and returning, married Elizabeth Gordon, whose sister Ann married Gordon 
of Old and New Noth, which farms — having no children of her own — she 
made over to the eldest son of Robert and Elizabeth Duff (at the time of 
her decease, in 1822, she was Mrs. Leslie). 

This eldest son, named James, was born in 179C. Peter, his next 
brother, had the farm of Westcrton of Buehromb. One daughter of his 
lives in America, and three sons, James, Robert, and John in Dufftown 
and neighbourhood. Robert, the youngest, was an M.A. of King's College, 
Aberdeen, in 1828, and schoolmaster of Rlijmie in 1835-1840. He then 
went to British Guiana, where he became minister of All Saints, Berbiee, 
and was a notable man in the colony and a great agriculturist. He married 
a daughter of Dr. Struthers, and published a book on British Guiana. He 
died in 1878, leaving four sons and two daughters. One of the sons, the Hon. 
Robert Struthers Duff, was for long the Agent-General for the Immi- 
gration Department, British Guiana, which office he resigned in I\Iay 1911. 

Robert Duff's daughter Jean married Charles Macdonald, steam mills, 
Dufftown. Their only son and four daughters are buried in Mortlach 
churchyard with their mother. 

1. Jean, born 1835, died 1845. 

2. Mai-garet, born and died 1838. 

3. Elspet, born 1847, died 185G. 

4. John, born 1853, died 1877. 

5. Helen, died 1898. 

Two daughters, Elizabeth and a second Jean, now live in Dufftown ; 
Mary, married J. IMiller, lives at Pitlochiy ; and Anne, now Mrs. Moir, at 


Ja:\ii'.s Duff of New Nolli, cldcsL son of TJoIxrl,, Iiorii in 1700, niiinicd 
Jltlca Hussill, and liad lliivc sons, HoitKur, .Iamks, and Ai.i'.XAN'm.K ; and 
four daiir;htcr.s, IIklkn, Elizabeth, Ji:an, and Makgaket. lie died 1878. 

Robert, bom 1824, died 1902, succeeded him in New Noth. His 
children were : Robert ; Francis, at present in New Noth ; John, born 
187-1, M.B. in Manchester, married, 1907, Christian Davidson ; and nine 
daughters, one of whom, Agnes, married James D. La\v of Lancaster, 
U.S.A., the author. 

Three of the daughters died unmarried ; the others arc married in various 
parts of the world. See family table. 


Robert Duff of Hillockhe 

ad, fourth son of Geoi 

__ 1 

■ge of Edindiach, 1CC6-1754. 



:rt John, 



cr Helen. 



of Wonv 

musk, IGDfi. 

..f Dundee, of Ilillockl 

m. Margarei 

t 1695-1; 





See chap. 


See Ijelow (a), m 

. Janet fk 
-. 1 



1 of Hillockhead, 

John,' 175. 

! James 



born circa 1750. m. 

Anne Gor, 

Ion. m. 178C, Ls'a' 

Iiel Grant. 






cr. Peter, 

George of Hillockhead, 

William, Ci 




ni. Arik 

js m. 17!I0, 



Three ilaug 

htera. Uuncai. 

Margaret Rlitchell. 






William of HiUockhead 


, Alexander. 

iTl 1 
Gumming. Gcoi 

■ge. AIe.-c, 

inlr. .villLin' 







ming. llurnend. 


m. Eliz.ibeth Garden. 




Thomas A. 

George of HiUockli 

~~ ,^,'er 





" 1 " 








(-.) .lair 

enDnff of Dnnd 

ec, 1700-1779, ni. Chri 


of Knockorth. 






Charles J. 

1 1 
Two more 




17 in. m. A 

nne Ogilvie. 









The tliird or fouiili son of George of Edindiacli was RnnEiiT Duff in 
Hillockhead, mentioned in the Ahcrdecmhirc Poll-Book of IGOO, with three 
sons, Thomas, Robert, and John. lie must have been a comparatively 
young man then, as he is known by the will of his grandson Robert, who 
died in 1748, to liave l^een alive in that year, and the date of his own death 
is given in the Comviissariot of Aberdeen as November 1754. At least 
four other children were born to him subsequent to 1G9G. In the year 
1702 he witnessed a deed signed by Alexander Uuff of Braco at Edinglassic, 
but little is known of him personally.^ 

1. TnoMAS, his eldest son, lived most of his life in Banff, and was 
' Chamberlain to Braeo.' Under this title he writes many letters and signs 
many deeds. lie was a merchant and burgess in Banl'f, and as appears 
from the following letter was also made an honorary burgess of Inverness 
by his kinsman Alexander Duff of Drummuir, then Provost. He seems 
to have done a good deal of business for all the family. 

'Arkui)Ep:n, l.v/ June 1713. 
' The Jlueli Honored 

' The Laird of Drummuir at Inverness. 

' RIucH Honored, — Receive enclosed your horning against David Sutherland 
which I caused John Gill execute how soon I came home from Inverness. I 
heartily wish, and shall be glad to hear that this may find you and you Lady and 
family well. 

' When last at Inverness my afrairs obliged me with rcluctancy to come away 
witliout my Burgess act, whereof you very kindly preferred me the compliment, 
and tho' I can make no advantage by it, yet seeing it was your compliment I 
shall be very fond to have it remitted by anc bearer with j^our convenience and 
shall alwaycs be ambitious of anc opportunity to express my self in the qualite 
off M. Hond.— Your most obliged humble servant, Tuomas Duff.' - 

He married Margaret Stewart, daughter of Robert Stewart, merchant 
in Banff, and Provost from 1715 to 1724 (and sister to John Stewart, 
supervisor of excise, who married Corsindae's daughter), and died in 1717. 
She died in 1747, when she is described as ' relict of Thomas Duff, some time 
merchant in Banff.' Her only son Robert was born in 171 G,^ and died in 
the year 1748, having previously made three wills, all preserved in the 
Commissariot Books of Aberdeen, from which a good deal of information 

» Lease of Hillocldiead granted to Robert Duff in Hillockhead, in 1705, by William Duff 
of Braco, with consent of his curators. 

- Drummuir papers. 

3 'November 4, 1716, Robert, the lawful son of Thomas Duff, sometime Chamberlain to 
Braco, and Margaret Stuart, his spouse, was baptized. Robert Duff of Hillockhead and 
Willian^ Duff of Braco, witnesses ' [Banff Registers). 

ja:\ies duff of dundee 433 

rclnlin^r 1o liis family lias IiccTi ()l>lninr(I. He names liis mollior, Mivrparct 
SliiaiL (llic name is spell in eillier way) sole executrix, hul. witli burden of 
ccilaiii legacies to his uncles and aunts and cousins on both sides of the 
family, and also alludes to a bond for £300 granted to him by William, Lord 

2. The second son of Robert of Hillockhead, Robert, was minister of 
Aberlour, and will lie found, with his large family, in the chapter on 

3. Of John, nothing is known save the mention of him in the PoU- 
Book. He was jH-obably at that date an infant, and died shortly after- 

4. jAJtKs, the fourth son, born about 1700, seems to have liad a varied 
career. In 1718 James Duff in Elgin is described as ' son of Robert Duff 
in Hillockhead,' and another document calls him a ' Messenger ' there. A 
little later, he seems to have set up as a merchant in Banff, where he is 
described as James Duff, younger, merchant, to distinguish him from James 
Duff of Corsindac. He married, on June 22, 1727, Christian Innes, daughter 
to James Inncs of Knockorth, Provost of Banff, whose mother was Margaret 
Gordon of Park. 

The baptisms of seven of his children are recorded in the Registers of 
the Episcopal Church in Banff, he being then resident in Cullen of Gamric 
(east of Macduff) : 

IMargaret, 1728; Jeax, 1730; William, 1731; Helen, 1735; Robert, 
1738 ; Sophia, 1740 ; Henrietta, 1741 (' named to Miss Henrietta Duff, 
Dipple's daughter '). 

He is also known to have had a son John, and three other sons, whose 
baptisms may have taken place later, the Church Registers of 1745 and 
1746 having been destroyed by Cumberland. 

There are various bills due by William, Lord Braco, and his wife 
and other members of the family to James Duff, younger, merchant in 
Banff, for goods su]3plied, groceries and other luxuries of the period. But 
later on James Duff seems to have failed as a merchant, and the 
interest of the family was exerted to find him some other employment. 
In one of the Orton Leiicrs Lord Fife alludes to him as ' Jamie Duff that 
wants to be a Gager,' seeming to think it a curious desire. From letters 
still preserved, wc learn that he was both at Dumfries (1748), ^ and at 
Anstruther (1750-1754),- before settling down at Dundee, where he lived 

'Discharge — James Duff, Dumfries— to Lord Braco for arents Mart. 1748— Mart. 17.) 
fi5 as Interest of the principall sum of /300 sterling contained in a bond of Lord Braco. 
1750, James Duff, Anstrullier, writes that he is obliged to pay the last of the legacies k 
; nephew, and asks for the interest of his money lying in Lord Braco's hands. 


from nl)oni. ^7C,() iinlil his dcalli in 1770, bcinp; then described as 'Land 
Surveyor ol' Ihc Ciislonis.' 

James Duff, Anstruther, to Lord Braco 

' My Lord, — As Lord Deskford is now appointed one of the Commissioners 
of the Customs I beleive it would be of the greatest consequence to me to be 
rightly recommended to him, and I flatter myself your Lordship will be so good 
to recommend me to that Lord, which will be of the greatest use for facilitating 
my rcraovall from this and preventing my being used in the unprecedented 
manner I have been for some years past. My Lady Bracco has met with so 
much trouble already in this affair that I have not confidence to write her Lady- 
ship on this subject and your Lordship has got a great deal more than I could 
have wished. But I am hopcfull if I were once introduced in a right manner 
to Lord Deskford that my friends would get less trouble that way in time coming. 
My wife waited on the Master of Bracco last moneth at Ediar \vho was so good 
as promise to use his good ofiices with that Lord and any other could be in- 
strumentall in my return. She joins me in the offer of our most humble duty 
to your Lordship My Lady and all the young family, and I am with gi-eat re- 
spect, — My Lord, Your Lordships most oblidged humble Servant, 

'James Duff. {D.) 
' ANSTRUTHEn, SOZ/i Augt . 17o4.' 

James Duff and John Duff, Dundee, to Lord Fife 

' My Lord, — I had the honour of receiving your Lordships two letters of 
the 30th ult. and 12th inst., the last gives me the happy news of Lord North's 
having directed a Commission to be made for my son to succeed me as Land 
Surveyor at this place, which will enable me to sit down with case for the rest 
of my life, with the comfortable consideration that when I die (should my son 
survive me) my family will have the same subsistence as it has at present. 

' For this great favour I am indebted to your Lordship, and be pleased to 
accept of the most sincere thanks of my family and self. 

' I wish that your Lordship may long enjoy IiealLh and every happiness, and 
I have the honour of remaining with the greatest respect, — My Lord, Your 
Lordships most obliged and obedient humble servant, 

' James Duff. (D.) 
'Dundee, May 2'ld, 177-1.' 

' My Lord, — I arrived here yesterday having sailed in tlic first vessel for 
this place after I had last the honour of waiting on your Lordship at London ; 
by your Lordship's letter of the 12th inst. to my Father I find that Lord North 
has directed a Commission to be made out in my favour agreeably to your Lord- 
ship's desire, which is as lucky a matter as could have happened for the ease and 
benefit of my aged Parents and for my advantage, obtained thro' your Lord- 


sliijis ^roodncss aiul llu ir wml li wliich Iiul li iiulnccd your Lnrdsliip l,o do I hem and 
nu- lliis sirs ice. 

' I shall ever my Lord willi llit' uLniosL j;ratilu(lc renumber and uekaowledgc 
I his favour and I liope always coiiducL myself so as to merit your Lordsliips 
future esteem. — I have the lionour to be. My Lord, Your Lordships most obliged 
and devoted humble Scr\ant, Jonx Uuff. (D.) 

'Dundee, May l-nfl , 1771.' 

Baird thus alludes to James Duff, the father : ' I think James Duff an 
officer of the Customs at Dundee is of Drummuir (this, of course, is a mis- 
take). He has a promising young family. In 1766 he had four sons in 
Jamaica, and the fifth just going there.' (The family therefore went on 
increasing after 1711.) One of these sons was Robert ^ of the Atholl 
Highlanders, who became a Captain, married, and had a large family, but 
no descendants are now known.- There were two daughters : jMargarct, 
who married !Major Laurie of the 79th in ISll ; and Mary Barbara, died 
1817. It is mirortunatc that it is not now possible to trace the Duffs who 
went to Jamaica. There is one Charles James Duff, buried in Port Royal 
Cemetery (according to a book on West Indian burials in the Lyon Office, 
Edinburgh), who may have been one of the five sons. 

John, who succeeded his father as land surveyor in Dundee, married 
Anne Ogilvic, and had one daughter Margaret, died 1SG6, and a second, 
Innes Dufe, born 1779, niarried John Skinner, Dean of Dunkeld, and lived 
to be ninety-three.-' 

The second daughter Jean, born in Banff, 1730, married, in 1700, 
Captain the Hon. W. Southwell, and writes thus to Lord Fife : 

' j\Iy Lord, — As I never had the honour of adrcssing your Lordship before, 
by letter, its necessary I should begin by telling you that my maiden name is 
Duff. I 'm second daughter to James Duff, Land Surveyor of the Customes at 
Dundee. I was so luihappy (about sixteen years ago) as to marry Captain 
\Villiam Southwell, t^ncle to the present Lord Southwell. For these eight years 
past I have been left by him interly destitute of the neeessarys of life. So far I 
have been obliged to troul)le your Lordship with a short account of my unhappy 
situation in purpose to lead to what I have farther to say. A lady, a relation of 
my husbands has sent to me, to desire that I would write an account of my own 
family, which I have done, I have presumed, my Lord, to mention you as a 
relation and one that knows aiy family and parents, and I have to beg of your 

' Tlie Robert baptised in Banff 1738. 

- Although tlie following notice may refer to this family ; ' January 20, 1S58, died at 
Kingstown, near Dublin, John Duff, youngest and last surviving son of the late Major Dull of 
Dundee' (Gentleman's l\luc;a:inc). 

^ i.e. she was alive in 1S7.;. The date of her death is not known. 


Lordship if any person should askc you, that you wonL lessen nic with regard 
Lo my birLh, lo my Husbands family, as lluy are very proud and Lhiiiks few so 
good as themselves ; perhaps Captain Walsiugham may speak to you on the 
subject, as he is my husbands near relation and married to his first cousin. I '11 
just mention one way that I have the honour of being your Lordships relation, 
by the Park family, your gi'cat-grandfather » and mine was Brothers, Sir John 
and Sir George Gordon. I beg your Lordship will pardon me for giving you this 
trouble, I would have presumed to have called for you reather then taken this 
method, but want of proper deaths put that out of my power. — I have the 
honour to be. My Lord Your Lordships most obedient humble servant, 

' Jean Southwell. 
'London, Jan. -oth, 177(). 

' I beg your Lordship will forgive me for sending this by the penny post, 
as I 'm afraid your servants would not take it in if I should send it to your house. 
If your Lordship should do me the honour to write to me please to direct for the 
Ilonbie Mrs. Southwell at Mr. Linds, opposite new Slaughters Coffee House, St. 
Martin's Lane. I lodge there. 

' To The Earl Fife-, Whitehall. 

' forwarded to a L'Hotell Portmahon, Rue Jacob Paris.' (D.) 

Christian Inncs died in 1785, the inventory of her estate being registered 
in the Commissariot of Brechin, and 'given up' by Margaret DulT, 'eldest 
lawful daughter of Christian Innes, relict of James Duff, late land surveyor 
at the Port of Dundee.' The chief asset was ' a bond of a principal sum 
of £300 sterling granted by James, Earl of Fyfe, to the defunct, dated 
November 11, 1780.' 

5. Alexander, the fifth son, succeeded his father in Hilloekhead. 
His father's ' tack ' of that estate was due to expire four years after the 
father's death, i.e. in 1758, and Alexander had already, in 1752, been 
granted a new tack, for nineteen years, but before the expiry of this - he 
seems to have fallen on evil days, as shown by the following letter from 
Archibald Duff of Bilbohall to William Rose, dated Elgin, March 23, 1777 : 

' Dear Sir, — . . . Hilloekhead has been in Town these scverall days and 
has plagued the Sherriff and nic both. Poor Devil, if any thing could be done 
for him, it would be charity. The Sheriff put it on me to tell him about the plan 
for putting him in Murdoch's place in the Mortification — it sounded very ill to 

1 Lord Fife's grandmother was Jean Gordon of Edinglassie, first wife of William of Dipple ; 
Jean Duff's was Margaret Gordon, wife of James Innes of Knockorth, and these two were first 
cousins, daughters of the two brothers, John and George Gordon. 

' Alexander Gordon writes, 1771, to Lord Fife, asking for the renewal of tack to Alexander 
Dufl of Hilloekhead : ' This would be an act of humanity to the son of Robert Duff, an honest 
servant of your family.' 

willia:\i and .tames duff of IIILLOCKIIEAD 4:5 

hr;ir, it went so voiy ill down willi liim, tliut I could not find in my heart to urge 
it. lie complains he lias no i)lacc to retire to, and caimot think of a Town, as 
lie wants his misciy as much hid as possible. He trusts you can provide him in 
a house and yard, and two three Bolls at Ilillockhcad or elsewhere, and any 
Bounty Lord Fife pleases for him he would wish, in a less publick, or as he calls 
it Dishonourable, way than succeeding Murdoch as a Professed Beggar. In short, 
he avows the Sheriff has never done any thing for him, and he has not the least 
Prospect or Dependence that he will — and his whole trust being in you, he is to 
delay everything till you come to the country, when I daresay you will look for 
a visit.' 

On April 7, 1777, Lord Fife had a decreet of removing against Alex- 
ander Duff of Ilillockhcad. 

Alexander's wil'c was Janet Gordon of Farskane, who lived until 1809, 
and he had three sons, two of whom, William and James, seem to have 
held the farm jointly, and the following letters from them arc of some 
interest as a picture of the times : 

James Duff to WilUam Hose 

' HiLLOCKHKAD OF Glass, Feb. 13, 1783. 
' Dear Sir, — I humbly Beg to acquaint your honour that as John Doull in 
Boddiclair his eloptcd the country, for which he was Dew me oupewards of nine 
pound sterling for two oxen that I sold him summer last, and as he had left but 
a smal subject Behind him on the place, I pounded upon Different articles 
Bcllonging him : a great stack and the whole Dunge Bellonging him on the place 
was two of the articles and Mr. McGregor sent mc word that I could not have the 
Dung, that he had spocke to your honour concerning it, and that it was his 
orders from you to keep it from me, othcrways he was letting the tack of Bodde- 
lair to one Gergc Wilson and he offered him Both peats and Dung for the summer 
grass, therefore all that I want to know is your honour's answer if they are 
articles pondebal or that they cane Belongs to me. I am not afraid but you will 
give me Justice, as I know that Mr. McGregor would do his endeavours to 
wronge me out of them. I pounded none of this articles without the advice of 
Alairer that Informed me that the Dunge was a movable poundable as their was 
a good number of Boles of lime mixed wth the Dung. Therefore I humble Bcgg 
that your honour will send ane answer with the bearer, as it is time for me know. 
— Dear Sir, I am your humble servant and most obliged, 

'James Duff.' (R.) 

November 17, 17SC, William Duff, who describes himself as ' in Hillock- 
head,' writes from Balvcnic that he makes offer for the half of Midtown of 

VOL. 11. H 


A .TaiiHs 'I'homsoii wrilcs IVoiii I5;ilvriiic, Novcinhcr 17, 17S(!, lo Lord 
Kil'c tliiil, ' Win. Duff is :i <ri)od Iciiiuil, aii(i (lir place very CdiivcMiicnt, for 
him to hiivc' William Koso also wrih's that William Duff, llillockhcad, 
' wants Midtowii of Bellyhack, that it lies near to and commodious lor him. 
It was offered him during the Lease of Hillockhead at the i)rcsent rent, 
but he refused.' 

James Duff, Hillockhead, to William Rose 

' Netiikutiiwn, Vlth Jan. 1702. 
' Dear Sir,— At your Diser, I went to Elgin to get the Decreet you jiroraised 
to send Mr. Falkoncr. I saw your letter to him saying that you was to send it 
on the thursday thereafter, for whicli I went their that Day in hopes to get it. 
15ut Mr. Falkoner tokl me that he had not heard from you concerning the Sub- 
mission — therfor it seems to me that your letter his been miscarried, or lying 
in sum of the post offices. I hope that you will Be so good as Inform the Bearer 
what Day you will send it to Elgin if it is not sent Before this tim, as we ar in 
straits of money I hope that yo>i will Excuse me for giving you this trouble.— 
Dear Sir, I am your most obliged and humble servant, 

'James Duff.' (K.) 

James and William Dujfio William. Rose 

' Hn.r.ocKiiKAD, 07// May 17!)1. 
' Dear Sir,— We received your letLer the first of March last, and we ar 
cxtrcamly happy that you put it in our power to do any of your family the 
smallest favour. In obidence to your Desere we found one John JleGrcgor a 
steady young Lad, a servant to us at the time, and we sent for Captain °Fyfe 
and brought him to Hillockhead for to Inlist him, and the same McGregor in a 
few days theiraftcr found a Brother of his own, one James McGregor and listed 
him also, they are both much about five foot ten inches high and both perfectly 
stout and handsom. 

' Sir, we are honoured to be with the greatest esteem, most oblig'd and humble 
servants, James Duff. 

William Duff.' (A'.) 

William, the eldest son of Alexander of Hillockhead, was the patriarch 
known as ' Hillocks,' of whom Sir William Geddcs in his Memorials of a 
Banffshire Glen, tells the following story : ' The road to his farm was across 
a long stretch of moorland, and on one occasion when he and a shepherd 
were nearly lost on a wild winter's night, he is said to have sunk down, 
almost in despair, saying : " Jamie, I wyte ye '11 be a sair missed man gin 


yc dec, but oIi man, it Ml he nacthinf» to the miss o' mc." lie was proud 
ol' his comicction witli the succcssl'ul Uuf[ family, and would sometimes, 
in a jocular vein, wish that late would remove some of the elder branches, 
to make way for the younger.' 

William would appear, later on, to have been in some anxiety as to 
the fate of a son of his own, named William : 

' IIiixocKiiKAD, Sept. 2Sllt, 1807. 

' Sir, — I humbly take the liberty of writting you these few lines. I under- 
stand that there is to be a draught for the militia in Glass, and as my son William 
is on the list, and as there is no elub in this parish, I think it a pity to let my son 
have the risk of being balloted after having him some years at Colegc. I beg 
you would be so good as write me by this Bearer if I eould get him insured at 
Banff — and in what manner the insurance stands, as I am quit anxious to get 
him out danger. — Sir, I ever am with the Greatest Esteem, Your most obedt. 
and Humble Servt., \Vii,i,iam f)uFi^ 

' Mr. Pat. liose, Sheriff Clerk.' (R.) 

' IIlLLOCKHEAD, Glass, Oct. llth, 1807. 

' Sir, — I humbly took the liberty of writting, some Days ago respecting my 
son William, as it appears there is to be no Club in Glass, I am affraid of being 
Drawn by ballot. I have again taken the liberty to writ you this few lines 
bcging your advice about getting him insured, and if there is any one in Banff 
that insures, as there is no time to lose ; I likeway would beg to inquire if INIr. 
Georg Robeson from Edenbrough is in this Country at present, or it he was in 
it this seson. — Sir, I am honoured to be with the Greatest Esteem, Yom- most 
iibliged and Ilumbl. Sevant, William Dufk.' {It.) 

Answer from Patrick Rose : 

'Banff, 13 Oct. 1807. 

' Dear Sir, — I should have answered your first letter of the 28th Sept. long 
before now, but have been from hence for ten days and only retd. on Thursday 
last. I am favored with your other letter of the 12th inst., received this evening, 
and now in answer to both, beg leave to inform you that no insurance Militia 
Ballots is done in this place, but at Edinr. it is done at £3 str. per man, in parishes 
where there are no Volvmtecrs, and £4 where there are Volunteers in the parish. 
I have not been able yet to learn accurately the name of the company who 
insures, but Mr. George Rol^inson, W.S., will be the best hand to manage this 
business and get your son insured, and I think you should not lose any time in 
applying to him. Mr. Robinson has not been, nor is not, I understand, to be 
in the North this season. — I am. Yours, Pat. Rose.' {R.) 


Tlic six sons oi" ' Hillocks ' all became farmers in the same 
(lislriet : 

1. Jamks in ]\Iill of Auchiiidachy. lie married j\Iiss Smith from 
Aswanly, and had, witli otiier children, a son Thomas, who married Miss 

2. Alexander had the farm of Midtown of Glass, married Jane Bennett, 
and had three daughters, Jane, Charlotte, and Anne. 

3. Peter was in Jlidtown of Bellyhack. He married Anne Duncan, 
but had no issue. 

•i. George, in Hillockhead, of whom presently. 

5. William, in part of Hillockhead, was at college, Aberdeen, 1802- 
1S06. lie married Margaret Smart, and had, with other children, Peter, 
and Jessie, who married J. Barclay. 

G. Gumming, in Parkhaugh of Glass. A noted violin player. He 
married Maggie Gauld, and had four sons and four daughters. The sons 
were : 

George (now deceased), who has left a family of two sons and three 

Alexander, in Glass, and Gumming (twins). Alexander had four 
sons : Alexander, now Agent for North of Scotland Bank, 
Aberlour ; Gumming, dead ; James, in Netherton of Glass ; 
William, in New Zealand ; and two daughters : Mary, 
married Davidson ; jMaggie, married Gauld. Gumming had 
two sons and three daughters. 
William, in Burnend, who married his cousin, Elizabeth Duff, 
daughter of George Duff of Hillockhead, and has one son, 
T. A. Duff, in Iluntly. 
The four daughters of Gumming Duff in Parkhaugh of Glass were : 
Anne, married Archibald ; Jane, married Patterson ; Maggie, married 
Bonnyman ; Mary, married Proctor. 

George Duff of Hillockhead, fourth son of ' Hillocks,' married Margaret 
Mitchell, and Jiad himself six sons and three daughters. The daughters 
were : Elizabeth, married her first cousin, William Duff of Burnend ; 
Margaret, married Mitchell ; Jane, married Menzies. TIjC five younger 
sons were all unmarried. 

Alexander and Thomas still living in Banffshire, Gumming deceased, 
George and John in America. 

The eldest son, William, born 1827, died 1897, was a well-known breeder 
of Aberdeen Angus cattle, lie had two sons, George and James, and 
one daughter Elizabeth. The latter married Bonnyman of Geddcs, and 
has three children, James, Bessie, and Anne. 


Georgis eldest son of William, formerly of llilloekhead, now of Towic- 
more, lianffshire, was born in 1859, and married Elsie Seott, by whom he 
has three ehildren: William, born 1S92 ; David, born 1895 ; and Jeanie, 
born 1900.1 

James, the younger son, married Maggie Duff, and has five sons : 
James, William, Thomas, George, Frederick. 

It should be noted that this branch of the Duff family has been resident 
in the same place for over two hundred years. 

Took a musical scholarship in 1913. 

Note. — As we go to press we are enabled, by the courtesy of Mr. Robert 
Edgar Duff of Lisbon, to print some further particulars of the descendants of 
James Duff of Dundee. 

JAMES DUFF, Land Surveyor in Dundee, m. Christian Innes of Knockorth. 

Warij.iret, Helen, Robert of the Atlioll Highlanders, Jane, Harriet, James 

diedun.M. died r738-i3;3, m. (i) Rev, — Horsley ; m. W. Claik Alexander, 

/ilham, K.N., unmarried. m. 1775, Margaret, daughter of (j) Hon. W. Southwell, of Edinhurgli. died in the 

died at sea, IJominick French Sophia, Joliii, West Indies, 

unmarried. of Lochrea, Ireland. m. Dr. Stewart, m. Anne unmarried. 

I in Banff. Ogilvy. 

James Charles, Knight Commander of the Portuguese Christian. Anthony Dominick, Mary Barbara. 6'_.-garet 

Order of the Tower and Sword, m. .Mary Tillery Ihomas. Victoria, 

m. (i) Mary Barbara French. (2) Louisa Champalimaud. ofNewVoik, John. m. Major 

I I "^"■ 


One daught< 

Anthony Dominick, John, Euficnia, Anothtr Charles, Jamesof 

in. M. de unmarried, m. M. Gordon. o.s.p. dciufihter. o.s.p. Clioupalha, 

lid, Carvalho. I Fanny, ne:ir Lisbon. 

I I 

Robert Alfred, Caroline, Kliza, Charles. Virgin.: 

1833.1902, 1840. 1842. m. H. Uur 

. Salusliana Leite. Eugenia, 


Albert, Isabella, 

i8(5g-i88B. i875-i87{). 

Sophia, George F., 

i87r. 1876-1880. 




Between the years 1718 and 1789 there resided in Elgin a worthy man 
named Alexander Diifl'. He was probably grandson of Daniel, third son of 
George of Edindiach, fourth son of Clunybcg. He had two brotliers, Henry, 
died 1750, and Simon, a tobacconist, and heir to Henry. He must have 
been a prosperous and well-to-do man, for he had a burying-place and a 
stone in the Elgin cathedral enclosure, and was able to give a good educa- 
tion and start in life to several of his numerous children. lie was twice 
married, first to Barbara Falconer, by whom he liad two children (dates 
taken from the Baptismal Register now in Edinburgh) : 

' Alexander Duff, Shoemaker in Elgin, and Barbara Falconer, his spouse, 
had a child baptized, named David — 30th September 1719 ; and a child 
baptized, named Alexander — ]8th June ]751.' 

Of David and Alexander notliing is known. 

'Plis 2nd wife was Margaret Ross, and by her he in all liad twelve 
children : Maegaket, born 1753 ; Janet, 1755 ; Hary, 1750 ; Daniel, 
1758; John, 17(;o ; Simon, 1701; twins, William and .Tames, 1702; 

' Many Diilfs arc Inuioil licio. William Duff of Dipplo ami his first wife lio in llio Diiico 
of Gordon's aiblo on llio riglit luuiil. 





William and Jam 
(twins), 17R2. 
Sec below («)• 

Archibald, 1771. 

Daniel George, 


m. Anne Hayter. 

Harriet W. 

, Caro'line, 
m. Eaker. 

m. I'orkols. 

Margaret, Charlotte. Jaue. 
,n. Rust. 

Augusta F 



F. L. Yonge. n 

Jckvll C, Eli/a Jane, Harriet, 
1834, 1837, 1839, 
1. Harriet Lincke. m. H. F. Bolton. o.s.p. 
1 1 

Jekyll Georf 


;e, Edmund Charles 

Creifihtou, Vertue, 

ISC/J. 1870. 

[a] William (one of the twina 


,), 1762-1822, m. 

Margaret, George T. Stuart. 
18S4. Arthur. 
A daughter. 

Catherine M'Guffog. 

John Rutherford, 
did 1859. 


m. Colonel Ferci 
died 180,3. 

ira, o.s.p., 
died 1885. 

Margaret, E. Catherine, died 1841, 

o.s.p., m. Daniel Duff, died 1841. 
died 1872. 1 

1 1 
John Edward, 
m. Ectitia. r 

m. and had 

1 1 


11, Hawkins. 


m. Cole. 

Fanny Kent, 
m. Marshall. 

R. William, 

m. Elizabeth 



Catherine E., Gordon Lydia, 
1835, Daniel, 1840. 
m. James 18,37. 

Robert Wil 




m. Adams 

Stanley Duff Muttlehury. 


and AuciiiBALD, 1771 ' (Elgin Rfglnlcrti). Four of llie aljovc died young, 
and are buried in the Cathedral grounds. ^ Tlie inseription on the stone 
is as Ibliows : 

' Here arc interred the bodies of Mr. Alexander Uuff, who departed this life 
the 30th July 1789, aged 71 years, and of Barbara Faleoner, his first wife, who 
departed this life 13th June 1751 [the day her son xllexander was bor?i], and 
Margaret Ross, his second wife, who departed this life 18th August 1779. To- 
gether with the bodies of six children of the second marriage, named Janet, 
John, James, George, Elizabeth, and Primrose, who died in infancy, and of Henry 
[the Ilary menlioned above, horn November 175C], who died 11th July 1768, 
aged 11 years.' 

Of three sons, Daniel, William and another, who must have been either 
Simon or Archibald, and of the one remaining daughter, we have trace 
in after life. 

It is obvious that Alexander Duff, the father of the family, who is 
described as ' Mr.' on his totnbstone, although by profession a shoemaker, 
and practising his trade in 1770, 1771 — vide receipted bills to Mrs. Rose of 
Montcoffcr and others — was himself a graduate in Arts. Alexander Duff 
(Moraviensis), A.M., is given in the Roll of Alumni of King's College, Aber- 
deen, in 1738, when the above Alexander was aged nineteen. Unfor- 
tunately, the name of the father is not given, but he was probably, as 
already stated, a grandson of George of Edindiach (q.v.). 

Of the sons, we have Daniel Duff, son of Alexander Duff, Elgin, at 
Marischal College (Aberdeen Fasti) from 1770 to 1780. That is from his 
eighteenth to twenty-second year. In 1780 he graduated M.A. 

On Jidy 2, 1779, the same Daniel Duff was examined and admitted 
schoolmaster at Spynic. It was, as has been already seen, quite possible 
for students to hold country schoolmasterships during their college course, 
and Daniel Duff appears also as schoolmaster in the Session Records of 
Spynic in the year 1778, before his formal admission. These records also 
show absences from the work of session-clerk (an ofTice held by Daniel 
Duff from 1778 to 1784) during the winters. Absences probably due to 
attendance at college before 1780, when he graduated, and also in the 
years 1783 and 1784, when his name appears as a student of Divinity at 
Aberdeen. Exhaustive search has been made in Scottish Presbytery 
records to discover when and where he was licensed to the ministry, but 
without result ; it is, of course, possible that he was a schoolmaster all his 
life, and never a minister. Though in later life Icnown as Dr. Daniel Duff, 

' Together with three more, George, EHzabcth, and Primrose, whoso baptisms arc not 
recorded in tlie register — presumably because they died soon after birth. 


Iiis name docs not occur in the records of his college as haviii;^ received the 
degree ol' D.D. He ' deinilled olliee ' and lel'L Spynie on July 5, 1785. 

He next appears in the year 1788, as living at Islington, lor on January 
2t, Daniel Duff of that parish was married, by special licence, to Jane 
IMiller of Newington Green, at St. Paul's, Covent Garden ; witnesses, 
^\'il]iam Duff and Susannah Burdctt. A copy of the special licence has 
been obtained from Lambeth, but no further particulars are given as to 
either party, except the statement that they were ' of full age.' 

It is presumed that Daniel Duff was pursuing in London his school- 
master's profession, but details arc wanting. He is next heard of in the 
followingycar as writing from Battcrsea, June 24, 1789, to Sir Joseph Banks : 

' Sir, — Along with this letter, I have sent a description of three machines, 
which I believe arc new and useful. I Hatter myself you will examine thcni 
candidly, and approve or not, as they shall deserve. 

' I believe they arc new, as I never had a hint of them cither from reading or 
conversation. Of several inventions, those of which I have sent a sketch seem 
the most simple, and therefore the most probable to answer their intention. If 
they be really useful, I have no doubt but they will be acceptable to you. Sir, 
not only as President of the most respectable learned Society in Europe,^ but 
more so, as one who, in search of useful knowledge, left wealth and ease for 
certain danger. 

' It will naturally be observed that Experiment is the only proper proof of 
the effects of any machine. To this I may answer, that since tlu' year 1781 
I have attempted to make models of them and several other machines, but have 
liitherto been frustrated by the close attention which my employment requires. 
— I am, sir, your most obedient and humble servant, Daxiel Duff.^ 

' To Sir Joseph Banks.' 

This letter is annotated by Banks to the effect that he did not consider 
the inventions sufTiciently superior to the methods already known ' as to 
gain the inventor such a share cither of reputation or profit as a man who 
successfully devotes his time to the service of the public has a right to 

Some years later Dr. Daniel Duff reappears as headmaster of the 
' Academy for young gentlemen at Salvadore House, Tooting.' ^ In the 
History of Tooting Gravcney, by W. E. Mordcn, there is a picture of the 
academy, and on the personal testimony of that author there was a record 
of the existence at one time in Tooting Parish Clmrcli of a special gallery 
pew for the accommodation of ' Dr. Duff's young gentlemen.' 

' Sir Joseph Banks was President of the Royal Society. • 

- This letter is in the Banks correspondence, British Museum MSS. 

' He was there for several years previous to 179O ; vide letter among Duff House papers. 
VOI, II. s 


' Oil Novcniher '21, IS'.'O, died at Great Ormond Sfreet, Dr. Daniel Duff 
formerly ol' Salvadore House, Tootiiifj.' ^ 'J"liouj,di at one lime a prosper- 
ous man, and believed to liavc acquired a fortune with his wife, and to 
have had another left to him, Daniel Dulf, at the time of his death, was in 
poor circumstances, as his estate was sworn as imder £200. ITis widow, 
Jane, did not take out letters of administration, but after her death (which 
occurred at 27 Queen's Square, in 1834, vide will), Harriet Wilhelmina, the 
eldest daughter, did so, on December 14, 1844. From the wills of Jane and 
Harriet (who herself died in ISGO), Dr. Daniel Duff is known to have had one 
son, Daniel George, and six daughters : Harriet "Wilhelmina, already 
mentioned ; Caroline, afterwards 3Irs. Baker ; jNIatilda, afterwards Mrs. 
Porkols, whose husband, Dr. Porkols of Brunswick, was instrumental in 
saving the Duke of Kent from assassination in Brussels ; ^L\.RGARET, after- 
wards Mrs. Rust ; Charlotte, and Jane. In Harriet's will mention is also 
made of a jiortrait of her aunt, Margaret Duff, the surviving daughter of 
Alexander Duff of Elgin, mentioned above, born in 1753. This portrait 
was left to Harriet's nephew, Jekyll Chalmers Duff, still surviving, and 
money to his sister, Eliza Jane. Harriet, who describes herself as formerly 
of Queen's Square, Bloomsbury, latterly of Brunswick, Germany, seems to 
have been a wealthy woman. Nothing is known of the other sisters. - 

Daniel George, the only son of Dr. Daniel Duff, was born in 1799, 
and entered the Army in 1818. He was a Lieutenant on May 6, 1819, 
Captain in 1829. 

He married Anne, sister of George Haytcr, principal Paintcr-in-Ordinary 
to Her IMajcsty, membcrof the Academies of Rome, Florence, Bologna, Parma, 
Venice, and knighted in 1842, and had one son ^ and four daughters : 

1. Augusta Fanny, born 1831, died 1833. 

2. Georgina Annie Chalmers, born 1833 ; married, January 17, 1854, 
Frederick Langford Yonge, IGth Native Infantry. 

3. Jekyll Chalmers, born 1834, of whom hereafter. 

• There is no record of his funeral, nor any memorial stone to him either at Tooling or in 
the Church of St. George the Martyr, Queen's Square, in winch parisli Groat Ormond Street is 

2 London Magazine, November ig, iSzi : ' Bitth. In Great Ormond Street, Queen's Scjuare, 
Mrs. Duff of four fine children, three l)oys and one girl.' 

We have, unfortunately, not been able to trace this lady, though she must undoubtedly 
have been of the family of Pr. Daniel Duff of Tooting, who died in the previous year — apparently 
in the same house. She was probably a niece. 

^ Harry William Sydney Hayter Duff died at Hindhead, November 19, 1909, and buried at 
Kensal Green, was prob.ably another son or grandson. Ills will, now at the India Office, says 
he was formerly of the 13iiriiiah Police, but latterly residing at Warnambool, Victoria, Australia. 
He appoints Jrkyll Ch.ilmers Dulf executor, leaving all of wlucli lie ilied possessed to lus wife 
Catherine Lctitia. 


1. Im.iza .Jam;, born 18;i7 ; iiiiirrictl, .I;inii;iry 17, IH.-,]., Ilcly l-'rcdciic-k 
IJolLoii, I'^Ui Nulivc Jiil'iiiiLry, uiid Imd I wo sons: (icorf^'c \'\ Sluarl;, wlio 
was in poor circumstances at the time of his death in l'J]2, and Artlmr, 
u.s.p. ; also one daughter. 

5. The fourth daughter Harriet, born and died 1830. 

Mrs. Duff died of cholera at Bombay, a fortnight after the doul^lc 
wedding of her daughters ; Colonel Duff in 1830. 

Jekyll Chalmers was born at Surat, but was sent home to be educated, 
and was at Rugl)y School in 18-11. He was subsequently in the Indian 
police, and lost an arm in an encounter with a tiger. lie now resides at 
St. Kilda, Melbourne. He married, on December 30, 18G3, Harriet Eliza- 
beth Linckc, he being, at that time. Superintendent of Police at Bhundara, 
Central Provinces, and has three sons and two daughters : 

1. Jekyll George John, born 18G5. Also in the Indian Police ; now 
district superintendent. Married, and has one daughter, Jean, born 190G. 

2. Edmund Creighton, born 1SC9, in the Civil Service of Nigeria. 

3. Charles Vertue, born 1870. 

4. Kathleen Harriette, born 1873. 

5. Marguerite Jessie, born 1884. 

William DuFE, seventh son of Alexander Duff of Elgin, was a successful 
man of business. He came to London quite early in life, and at the age 
of thirty-one, being then described as of Nicholas Lane, he married Miss 
Katherinc McGuffog of Jamaica (Ijorn 1770, died 1847). He died in 18'J'_', 
and administration of an estate of £3000 was granted to his widow. 

He had a family of two sons and four daughters : 

1. John Rutherford Duff, a wharfinger of Lower Thames Street, who 
became bankrupt on April 15, 1840, and died in 1859, leaving a widow and 
five children : John Edward, whose wife was Letitia; ^ Brooke, also mar- 
ried; Isabella, married Hawkins; Margaret, married Cole; and Fanny 
Kent, married JMarshall. These arc all mentioned in the will of their uncle. 

2. WiLLiAJi, who carried on his father's business in Nicholas Lane, and 
(lied, unmarried, at his house in Orsett Terrace in 1880, leaving a large 
fortune which provided for most of his nejjhcws and nieces. - 

3. Charlotte, married at St. George the Martyr, Queen's Square, on 
December 31, 1834, to Manasseh Lopez Pereira, Colonel IMadras Army ; 
witnesses, Willian^ Duff and Margaret Duff. She died in 18G3, her husband 
ten years previously, and both arc buried at Kensal Green. 

1'. Jane Forsyth, who died, unmarried, in 1885, leaving a considerable 
amount of money. 

' Surname unknown. 

2 This William Dull corresponded with other Dulls in Jamaica. See chapter xxxix. 


5. iMAUdAHi-.T, (lied unmnrrifd iiL 18 OrscU, 'rcrracc, in 1,S72. 

(i. Kuv/.A tlvTiii-.itiNK, Ihc yoiniffcst, murritd, on .June 15, IH.'SI, at St. 
(Jcorgc the Martyr, Queen's Square, to licr I'lrst cousin,' Captain Daniel Duff 
of tlie 37th Jladras Native Infantry ; witnesses, WilHam Duff andJolin Duff. 

The fatlier of tiiis Captain Daniel must thus have been one of the other 
two surviving sons of Alexander of Elgin, Simon, born 1761, or Archibald, 
born 1771, but tlicre is nothing to show which, as the bride's brothers only 
were witnesses to the marriage register. Daniel was aj)parcntly an only 

Captain Daniel was a cadet in 1819, and must therefore have been born 
in, or shortly after, the year ISOO. He became a Captain in 1830, and ' a 
Major m the East Indies only ' in 1841, the year of his death. In the 
Madras Spectator of September 18, 1841, occurs the following : 

' It is with extreme regret that wc ha\e to announce tlic death of Capt. 
D. Duff of the 37th Ucgt. Native Infantry at IMaeao on July 7th, from an 
attack of Canton Marsh fever. He had arrived there on June 17th in rather a!i 
ailing state, to attend the funeral of Sir Le Fleming Senhoiise, and on his way from 
that ceremony received, in the street, a letter announcing the death of i\Irs. Duff, 
which completely overpowered him and confined him to his room. Two or 
three days afterwards he was seized with fever, which terminated fatally on 
July 7th, and the service has thus been deprived of an excellent and zealous 
ofTiccr, to whose worth the regret of a wide circle of friends will bear ample testi- 

The present writers confess to a profound regret tliat more is not known 
of this gallant soldier. According to the will of his brother-in-law, William 
Duff, there seems to liave been at one time a good portrait of him. 

He made his will on his death-bed at Macao, dated July 5, leaving as 
executors his brother-in-law, William Duff, and his sister-in-law, Jane 
Forsyth Duff, and associated with them, for managing his affairs in the 
East, Captain Ixobert Gordon and James Binny Scott. All he possessed 
was to go to his son, Robert William (it is curious that in the will the name 
is given as William Robert, but the other is the form in the Baptismal 
Register), his daughter, Elizabeth Catherine Stanley (sic), and his other 
daughter, ' born some time in 1841, whom I believe to be named Lydia.' 
The Baptismal Register, India Office, gives his family as follows : 

1. RoBEiiT AViLLiAM, bom 1833. 

2. Catherine Elizabeth Stanley, born 1835. 

3. Another son. Cordon Daniel, born and died 1837. 

4. Catherine Lydia, born December 1840, died October 1841. 

' Tins lb family tradition. 


One (■;nnu)t iiclp w()ii(lcri(i<,' wlio looked alter Lluse tliii'c forlorn little 
ones until tlie dealh ol' the teii-n>ontlis old Lydia, w]\en i)resunuibly the 
other two were sent back to England. The only other detail in eonnection 
with this family is the followinff letter, ])ermission to print whieh we owe 
to the kindness of Miss Marjory Kate Duff, daughter of Robert William : 
'MiNEMON, 10 o'clock Tuesday, Feb. 25, 1841. 

' i\Iy dear Puss and Bob,' — Here is a China Umbrella, my beloved ehildren, 
for each of you. I picked them both up at Chumtce on the 7th January, take 
Uiciu and keep them for your father's sake. I am now going to bed with 
ralher a sad heart. Be kind and good children to your poor IMuthcr, the best 
and worthiest of wives. I kiss you all. God bless you. I pray to lliin to save 
me for your sakes. — Ever my dear beloved children, Your Eathcr, 

' I). Duff.' 

Robert William was educated at a private school at Rlackheath (where, 
at the same time, were four other Duffs with whom he was only remotely 
connected), subsequently at King's College, London, and later held a com- 
mission in the 17th Regiment Native Infantry. He married, in 18G3, 
Elizabeth Margaret Smart, and died in 1879. £5000 was left to his widow 
by the will of his uncle, William Duff, and £5000 also to his sister Catherine, 
who became, in 1802, the wife of James W. Muttlebury, and had one son, 
the well-known Cambridge rowing ' Blue,' Stanley Duff Muttlcbury." 

Robert William Duff left three children : 

1. Marjory Kate Duff, born 1865. 

2. Robert William, born 1807, now of Winchester House, the founder 
of that successful enterprise, thc'Duff Dcvclo])ment Company ' in Kelantan, 
j\Ialay ; married, in 1901, Helen Alexa Smart — has no issue. 

3. Charlotte, now Mrs. Adams. 

The descendants of Dr. Daniel Duff at one time believed themselves to be 
more nearly connected with the Earls of Fife, but the claim was not recognised 
by the family. It was founded upon a strange idea that Dr. Daniel, born 
ill 1758, was a son of the Hon. George Duff ot Miltown, fourth son of the first 
Lord Fife. The children of this George Duff are given in chapter x., and in 
addition to other proofs that there Avere no more than the two sons, the following 

' Then aged six and eight. 

2 Stanley Duff Muttlebury was at Eton from i88o to 18S5, and was in the Eton Eight dur- 
ing his last two years. He won the ' Pulling ' in 18S3, and the ' Sculling and Hurdles ' in i88-|. 
From Eton he went to Trinity College, Cambridge, and was in the 'Varsity Eight for live 
years— 1886-1890, and on the first four occasions rowed in the winning boat. He was President 
of the Cambridge University lioat Club in 1888, 1889, and 1890; Captain of the Leandcr Club, 
1S89 ; Captain of the Thames Rowing Club, 1894 and 1895 ; coaching the Cambridge Eight on 
several occasions. He was one of the finest heavy-weight oars ever known. He married 
Christina Augusta, daughter of iMajor-General Parkmson, and has two children. 


mcmoruiulum, addrcssnd to AVilliam Kdse, still rxislin;,', in the liaiuhviitinp nf 
James, .second Lord l^'ifc, and hrolluT of (H-or^c, is conclusive : 

' I think it piojier lo write with my own hand the present state of my family. 
My father, late Karl of Fife, married Lady Janet Ogilvie, daughter to 
the Earl of Findlater — no issue. He married, secondly, .Jean, daughter of Sir 
James Grant, by whom he had seven sons and seven daughters, lie died in 
17G3 ; my mother still alive. 

' Eldest son, William, died unmarried. 

' James, the second son, succeeded 1763, married Dorothea, only daughter of 
Alexander, Earl of Caithness — no children. 

' Alexander, the third son, married Mary Skene, by whom three sons and 
two daughters : James, Alexandeh, George, Jane, and Anne. 

' George, the foiu'th son, married Frances Dalziel ; she died and left two sons 
and two daughters : James, the eldest, born an idiot, and still lives confined, but 
never had any reason or intellect ; George, the second son, now Ca])tain 5Sth 
llegimcnt of Foot ; Jean and Frances, the two daughters, yet unmarried. 

' Lewis, married Deborah Davis — no issue. 

' Patrick, died young. 

' Arthur, mmiarricd.' (/?.) 

Here follow the seven daughters, and tlic families of the six wlio married. 

Tlic incinoranduni is not dated, but it must have been written in 1785 
or 1786, as the writer's nephew George only exchanged into the 58th 
Regiment as Captain in Ajn-ill785,and his niece Frances died in March 1787. 

The following letter from Dr. Daniel Duff of Tooting, besides being 
interesting in itself, shows conclusively that the writer himself made no 
claim to be a nephew of his correspondent, the second Lord Fife : ^ 

Daniel Duff, Salvadore House, to Earl Fife 

'Sai.v,m)(iiik IIousk, Tooting, 3 Aug. 179G. 

' My Lord, — In olKxIience to your Lordships commands, I have made Mastr. 

Harden - \vrite the inclosed letter which I hope contains the information desired 

— he does not seem so quick as my anxiety to approve my attention to your 

Lordship's desire could wish him to be, but being in a strange place and among 

' It may also be noted that at the time of Archibald Diiflf of Drummuir's death in 185S, 
Mrs. Matilda Pcrkols wrote to Major Lachlan Duff, the ncAV laird, claiming kinsliip, and adding 
that her father, Dr. Daniel Duff, had always told her never to forget she was ' a Duff of Drum- 
muir.' The letters arc still in existence. Tlierc seems to luivc been no moro foundation for 
this claim than for tho other. 

A seal formerly in the possession of Colonel Daniel George Duff bears the Duff arms and the 
motto Virtule ct Opera ; but the crest is the buck's head, which has never been used by 
the Earls Fife since tlie matriculation of 1760. It has, however, been used since cirra 1720 by 
the famdy of Duff of Hatton, though, so far as is known, no claim to kinship with this brancli 
has been made by the descendants of Dr. Daniel Dull. 

' John Harden, for forty years secretary to Lord Fife, buried in Banff. 


IJoys wil.h wliosc conversation he is not yet sufncicntly acquainted, may somc- 
wliat (lani|) liis ■;enius. Ills ilili^'enee however is very connncndablc. 

' Our ^Vllcat Harvest is begun, but not yet general, and an intelligent Farmer 
in my neighbourhood says the crop is considcrablj'- more abundant than that 
of last season ; tho' he says the grain has been shrivelled and checked in its 
growth by the frequent blighting frosts ; and I am inclined to give credit to 
this from the appearance of my wall fruit which is much less in size than in former 
years, and much frost bitten, but as in this talk of plenty our Quartern Loaf 
still continues at nearly a shilling, the labouring people are almost in despair, 
as they say the stored wheat ought to be brought immediately to market and 
trust for the future to the excellent harvest now cutting. They have accordingly 
begun to burn in efTigy the principal IMealmcn, as Monopolisers and hoarders 
who occasion an artificial scarcity, but are restrained from greater excesses by 
the a]ipearance of the military now quartered in our Village. The Hay crop is 
but middling, and old Hay still fetches six guineas a load of 18 cwt. or 120 stone. 

' The war is likely to be as long as your Lordship said when I last had the 
honour of being in your Company— however on the present almost certain 
prospect of a Spanish war, a great number of sailors who concealed themselves 
in our Village as Labourers, and many more employed in the same way in the 
Duke of Bedford's immense Buildings that are carrying on in the fields between 
his House and Ilampstead, but which are now all stopped, they say thro' want of 
money, are flocking to Enlist and talk of nothing but Spanish Dollars and large 
fortunes. I have no doubt but the Spaniards as formerly will pay the Piper, and 
am sorry for it, as they are evidently forced into a war with us by those Robbers 
and Firebrands of mankind, the French Directors. 

' I have had the Hooping Cough in my Family and just now nearly lost two 
of my children in it. I formerly lost one in the same complaint, which inclines 
me to think its severity here and mildness in Scotland must proceed from the 
different modes of feeding our children. Here their food is generally solid, which 
obliges them to drink a great deal of diluting beverage that tends to weaken 
and relax the frame. On the contrary in Scotland, two of their Diets are pre- 
parations of oatmeal eaten with milk, and their dinner generally broth with 
vegetables, neither of which require drinking, nor create that fever of perpetual 
thirst which so remarkably distinguishes the labouring people of England from 
the same class in Scotland. 

' On revising this letter I find I have written in it very freely the news of this 
country, in hopes they will be agreeable to you my Lord. I flatter myself they 
will be received in this view, and not as an unbecoming liberty in me to a Noble- 
man of your very superior rank, as I entertain the sincerest respect and esteem 
for your Lordship. 

' Mrs. Duff joins me in gTateful acknowledgements for the patronage you have 
been pleased to show us. — I am, my Lord, your Lordships much obliged and most 
humble servant, Daniel Duff. (D.) 

' To Earl of Fife, Blairgowrie.' 



Alexander Duff, second of Torriesoul, who married Barbara Rowane, 
and died in 1589, liad, as we know from Barbara's will, a son Adam, of 
whom nothing beyond his name is known, but either that son, or another 
(name unknown), anil younger than his brotiicr Alexander, who suceecdcd, 
must have left a son James, sometimes called of Torriesoul, as being of 
that family, and designed as patruelis {i.e. first cousin and son of father's 
brother) by Adam, son of the eldest son of the above Alexander. This 
James married Barbara Gordon. 

' Aberdeenshire Sasines (30 Aug. 1017) show tliat on 7 August 1017 Thomas 
Gordon in Artlacli appeared as procurator for Jauics Duff of Torriesoill, Barbara 
Gordon, his mother, and Adam Duff of Waster Ardbreck ; and renounced their 
interest in the sun half of Tyllesoill ; and that on 10 August 1017, sasinc was 
given on Tyllesoul to James Duff, sou and heir of the kite Mr. James Duff of 
Torriesoul, on precept of elare-constat ^ by the Marquis of Iluntly, said Manjuis 
also confirming a charter by which Adam Duff of Tulliesoull sold said lands to 
the said late Mr. Janu-s Duff, his pat.-rnal first cousin.' 

James Duff and Barbara Gordon had a son, also named James, who, 
on October 2, 1018, got a wadset for 2000 merks on the lands of Robieston 
then occupied );y him {Gordon Castle Charters), and other charters and 
sasines, dated 1019, 1020, and 1621 (Ibid.). By the charter of February 12, 
1020, James Duff of Bade (son of James Duff and Barbara Gordon) and his 
wife, Jean Gordon, a daughter of John Gordon, third of Avoehie, grant 
reversion to the Marquis of Iluntly of part of the lands of Ilatton and Drum- 
bulg, and a fresh charter is granted to them, by which they are infeft in the 
said lands, July 1, 1021. 

James Duff is there described as ' of Bad,' in conjunction with which 
he held Robieston and Cairnwhelp, all in the parish and neighbourhood of 
Cairnie. The name Bad, or Bade, signifies a hamlet, and the explanation 

' i.e. a deed by which the superior declared himself satisDod of the legitimacy of tlie heir, and 
authorised him to be entitled accordingly. 


A V.,i Nuru .S..N ..,■ Tint AI,K\ ANl )KR ))I:KK ..r 'I'oli 


1.' .lamcH DiilV ..f 'r.Miiom,,,! ,ii„l Jta.l.' (l'atnicli» t„ A.Iam, fuHl .,f 

I I I I I 

■Tames of r.ade ami Ailara of Eclindiach, Robert John A .UiiRliter, 

Caii-nwliflp. nr. Janet Straclian. of Kubiestou. of Burnenil. ni.G.Ogilvie. 

Ill I I 

JIaryarut. Jean, George. Alexaiuler Jul 

h. lU'JU. of Drumbulg 

and Craigienacli, 
m. 1701, Helen Grant. 

'atrickof Ballintoinb, 
vlience 'Tiger' Duff. 
(See next cliupler). 

John, Alexander, Robert, Patrick, Town Clerk, Helen, 

1719-1792, 17JI-1747. 17i;:i-17l-'7. 172.:i-17S7. 1728-1700, 

m. Janet Gordon of Dundee. See below (a). m. Robert Allan. 

I I I I I I 

Anna, Helen, Slargaret, Helen, Jean, Robert of I.adyliill, 1754-1S28, 

1748 177C, born anil died 1750. 1701-1752. 1703. m. first, Clementina m. .secondly. 

General Patrick 17-19. Stewart; Margery 

Duir. I Dawn. 

I I I I 

Margaret, Clementina, John, Anne, 

1804-1807. bornanddied 1810-1839. 18I7-189fi. 

1813. I 



Robert, Marjory, George, Robert, Harry, 

1854-1889. m. Barclay 18.")9 1803. 1803-1887. 1805-1905, 

Mary, Gordon. Helen, m. Lilian Peel. 

Charles Patrick, 

(«) Patrick DnlT, Town Clerk of Elgin, 1725-1787, m. Anne Frase 





1 1 


Patrick, Town Clerk, 


m. K. Mac 

782. b 

on, and died 


m. Margaret I'raser. 





1 1 

Marv A., 

Helen, Tholnas, 







1S04. 1813. 

m. Mason. 

Town Clerk 




of Elgin. 



(Al/ Iken 

<• dcnn childrt 

■n dUa inlhonl 







.•5 ' T-iiily Mm- 





i uric. 

• lluir C'luisli 

,'iii i\: 


rs, UIhI of 

l,on, ;: 

iiid Til 

loinaston still 





(.riliciKinir l!()l)i,sl()n isllinl 
|)l;u-<(l licr live S(jiis in live In 
these, Gibston, Koljieston, 8a 

The charter of ' James Duff of Baid ' of the lands of Rol)icston is dated 
March 19, 1G;31, and another charter in 1G35. 

On RIarcIi 18, 1638, there is u renunciation of the lands of Bade to the 
Marquis of Iluntly, and in the same year Jean Gordon, wife of James Duff 
of Bade is infcl't in Robieston {Gordon Castle Charters). 

' Bad, as a place name, appears frequently in the Presl^ytery Book of 
Strathbogie, 1631-1051, and an entry of April 12, 1637, indicates that it was 
situated in the Parish of Iluthven. The name has been extinct for upwards 
of two hundred years, and does not even appear in thePoll-Book of 1696 ; by 
that time the estate of Bade must have been attached to the adjoining lands of 
Mortlach (not to be confounded with Mortlaeh in the lordship of Balvenie). 
The locality has l)ccn represented for many years by the farm of Binhall, 
but was not known by that name until the beginning of the nineteenth 
century. Bad was held by James Duff of Torriesoul by wadset right, 
and he attended a meeting of the Presbytery of Strathbogie, October 20, 
1638, in his capacity as an elder from Botarie and Ruthven ' (Pirie's 

He and his wife, Jean Gordon, had two sons : James, third of the name 
in this branch of the family, and Adam, both of whom appeared before a 
meeting of the Presbytery held at Keith, June 9, 1647, and ' acknowledged 
their offence that they had been in actual rebellion and compliance with the 
common enemy {i.e. the Marquis of Montrose). They were referred back 
to their parishes, and there to make their repentance in sackcloth before 
the congregation.' 

In 1649, James Duff (the son) is described in the Presbytery Book of 
Strathbogie as being willing to sign the Covenant, and he 

' appeared with several others at a meeting of the Presbytery held at Ruthven 
25 Sept. 1050 and gave in his supplication and acl-oiowledgcd his rebellion with 
James Graham and his associates, and in all humility required to be received to 
the League and Covenant, promising faithfully never to fall into such sinful 
courses again. But the Brcthern, perceiving them not to be so humble as were 
to be wished, and that tlicir supplications declared small remorse for anything 
they had done, they \vere referred back and continued till they further testilie 
their humiliation.' 

In 1G41, he or his father had an action against one William Johnstone. 

' The fifth is believed to have been Arcliicstown, now lost. 


On July 2], IGI.'), Jaines Duff (the elder), willi liis spouse, .7e;in Cionlon, iin<l 
tlu'ir two younrrer sons, Adam and John Dull', were inl'dt in ilic (hiueli 
lands of Cairnwhelp (Hose MS.). James Duff must have died shortly 
after this date, as in the year 1648 Jean Gordon, deseribed as ' sometime 
spouse or reliet,' is infeft in eight oxygatcs of Bade (Ibid.). 
James and Jean had four sons : 

1. James, third of the name, who suceecdcd his father in Cairnwhelp 
and Bade, which latter he resigned in 1683. 

2. Adam, who held Pklindiaeh (in Gartly)i during his father's lifetime; 
for on February 25, 161 j, Hugh Cordon of Brae assigned his wadset right 
of Over Drumbulg in the j)arisli of CJartly to Adam Uuff in Edindiaeh and 
Janet Strachan his spouse. 

3. The third son was Robert, deseribed as of Robicston in 1668. 

4. The fourth, John of Burncnd. 

There was one sister, married to George Ogilvie in Cairnic ; in 1683 
there is an ' obligation by the JMarquis of Ilimtly to warrant James Uufl of 
Baid from payment of his sister's bairns part of gear.' 

To this James, third holder of the lands of Bade, a reversion of the 
plough of Over Robicston and Bade contained in wadset was granted, 
February 16, 1683. And on the same date a discharge by the Marquis of 
Huntly to James Duff of Bade of 3000 mcrks belonging to his three brothers 
mentioned above, Adam, Robert, and John. 

In the following year, 1684, there is a bond by the Marquis of Iluntly 
to James Duff of Cairnwhelp, signed by him. All these are among the 
charters at Gordon Castle. 

There is also a renunciation of the lands of Cairnwhelp and all other 
lands in the lordship of Iluntly, wherein umqull James Duff of Bad dyed 
infeft, by James Duff of Bad and his son James Duff of Cairnwhelp to 
the Marquis of Iluntly, dated February 26, 1683, but James Duff, third 
of Bade must have received a fresh charter, as on April 12, 1684, there is 
a heritable bond for 7000 merks in favour of James Duff of Cairnwhelp 
on the lands of Cairnwhelp possessed by him, payable at Whitsunday 
1703 (Ibid.). 

In the Aberdeenshire Pull-Bnnk of the year 1696, James Duff is entered 
as tenant of daueh of Cairnwhelp. He is designed ' James Duff, gentleman 
and tenant.' He and his son Thomas and two daughters, Margaret and 
Jane,- are assessed for the poll-tax, also ' three subtenants, ten cottars, 
four cottars and tradesmen,' and Thomas is separately entered as ' tenant 

» Edindiaeh, Cairnwhelp, and Kinnoir have all become Gordon property. 
' In the Parish Registers of Banlf the following entry occurs : ' December 8, 1690. Tlie 
said day Joan, younger lawful daughter of James Dulf, in ye Ord, was baptized.' 


in Carnic' The olilcr son James must tlicrcCorc cither liavc ])Con dead 
or \)>wv left the country. 

Nothinp is known ol" tlic furtlicr descendants of James and his son 
Thomas save that James was still alive in 1709, and \vc return to Adam 
of Edindiach and Drumbulg, mentioned above. 

On February 18, 1655, Adam Duff of Cairnwhclp and George Ogilvie 
in Towie (his brother-in-law) were excommunicated by the Kirk-Scssion 
of Botriphnie ' for killing of James Henrie in Claymircs ' (Piric's Cairnic). 
Subsequently Ogilvie was exonerated, and Adam appears to have suffered 
no further penalty. 

In 1662 there is another sasinc to Adam Duff and Janet Strachan, Iiis 
wife (Gordon Castle Charters). And nine years later there is a sasinc of 
half the town and lands of Over Drumbulg to Adam's son Alexander on 
his marriage. 

' Alexander Duff, filius legitimus primogcnitus, Adami Duff di Drumbulg 
and Helen Grant filia legilinia de Patrick Grant of Auchnahangand.' One of the 
witnesses was ' Adam Duff, brother-german of the said Alexander ' {Aberdeen 
Register of Sasines, August 20, 1071). 

In 1673, an article of agreement was made between Adam and Alexander 
Duff of Drumbulg and the Marquis of Iluntly anent a wadset in Gartly, 
and two others in 1679, between the Marquis of Huntly and Alexander Duff, 
with consent of his spouse, Adam apparently being dead by the latter 

' Contract of wadset t, Marquis of Iluntly, and said Alcxr. Duff upon Nether 
Drumbulg on receipt of £1125 Scots, containing precept of sasinc and clause of 
redemption, dated 11 Get. 1079.' 

' Disposition and conveyance by said Alcxr. Duff in Craigcnach, with consent 
of Helen Grant his spouse, of said contract of wadsctt and infeftment. Dee. i, 
1679' {Gordon Castle Charters). 

The main line of the descendants of Adam of Drumbulg and his eldest 
son Alexander subsequently settled in Elgin, and foimdcd a well-known 
family there. 

Adam Duff of Drumbulg had several sons : George, 1037 ; Alexander, 
1638 ; one named Joiix ; and another named Adam, who appears as a 
witness. There was also a daughter Beatrice, probably the eldest of the 
family, married to George Duff of Edindiach {q.v.), fourth son of Clunybeg. 
Of the sons, Alexander alone, so far as we know, left descendants. By 
his wife, Helen Grant, he had two sons, Robert and Patrick. The 
latter, with his famous grandson ' Tiger ' Duff, will be treated of in the 
next chapter. 


RoiiERT the elder was a merchant and bailie of Elgin,' being three times 
a burgess, and member of the Town Council in 1711, Dean of Guild in 1710- 
1 720, 172.'5-1 720, 1734-1735, and Sheriff-Substitute 1710-1 712. He married 
Helen Sutherland, by whom he had four sons and one daughter. He 
died in 1758. There is one letter from liim in the British Museum : 

To liobcrt Grcmt of Tamore - 

' Ei/ii.v, 5 Xov. 1743. 
' Dii. Si It, — llcccive inclosed all your iiccLs discharged whether your own or 
for your tathcr-in-kiw's funerals. I have made a separate state of both and the 
bearer has 4. 2. 8 J to give back of your money. Newmiln lias been these 2 days 
at Forres so that I could not get his advice what to pay for the grave cloaths, but 
I have paid no more than is usual on such occasions. I can get no account of 
the Lady Inncs's Table napkin, but Mr. Cunmiing has given her your wife's in 
place of it. I did not know of any demand that jMrs. Gordon, Burgics daughter, 
had, until the lady Inncs told me. 

' Make my compliments to Mr. Grant and my friend Will, to whom I wish a 
safe journey to Aberdeen and am. Dr. Sir, Your most humble scr\-l: 

' IloB. Duff.' 
The children were : 

1. John, born 1719. 

2. Alexander, born 1721. 

3. Robert, born 1723, died 1727. 

4. Patrick, born 1725. 

5. Helen, 1728-1760 ; married Robert Allan. 

Of the j'ounger sons, Alexander, the second son, was a surgeon in the 
British Army, and died at Campier, Zeehuui, in 1747. 

Robert died as a child. 

Patrick, first of three Town Clerks of Elgin of his name, will be treated 
of later. 

JoJiN, the eldest, married Janet Gordon, daughter of James Gordon, a 
merchant of Dundee of the Farskane family, and had five daughters and 
one son. His daughters were : 

1. Anna, 174S-177G ; married her second cousin, Patrick Duff, ' Tiger ' 

' Robert Duff, merchant in Elgin, was ' Treasorer ' of Elgin. There is a record oJ his shop 
being broken into in 173S. 

' Robert Grant of Tamore, a mass of whose correspondence is preserved in the MS. Room 
at tho British Museum, was of the family of Grants of Ballindalloch. ' He died on -tth April 
177.!, in the yoth year of hu age. \ noted agncuUuri.^t ' (.UnrJiXn Juiirnal). 


•2. Ur.i.i-.N, l)(i|-n ntul died 171!'. 

;!. INlAiuJAiiKT, born I'.^O. 

•1. Helen, born 1751, died 1752, ol' smallpox. 

5. Jean, bom 1753. 

G. The son Robert was bom 1754. 

John Dufr (who Avas known as Provost Duff, junior, to distinguisli him 
from John Duff, son of Patrick of Craigston, who settled in Elgin, and was 
Provost on two occasions), became a very important man in his native town. 
In 1747 he was elected delegate to go to Cullcn to attend the election of the 
Member of Parliament. He was Dean of Guild 1750-1 751, and 175G-1757, and 
stamp distributor and Convener of the county. He was elected Provost five 
times— 1771-1774, 1775-1778, 1779-1782, 1785-1788, and 1791-1792, the year 
of his death. Under his regime Elgin would seem to have been an extremely 
well-conducted town. In the year 1777, during his second term of otFicc, 
tlie following order Avas made : ' The Council, considering that the inhabi- 
tants are greatly annoyed Avitli the barking of dogs upon the High Street, 
enjoined and required all inhal)itants within the burgh who have dogs, to 
keep the same within their houses at night ; with certification that the 
owners will be fined in 5 sliillings sterling for cacli offence, and the dogs 
afterwards shot.' ^ While in the previous year regulations were issued 
' forbidding thrashing or Avinnowing of corn, or leaving dung or stones on 
the High Street.' - 

At this period the toAvn drummer roused the inhabitants of Elgin at 
four in the morning, and again drove them to bed at nine at night, one 
man having held the office for sixty years, ' having neither ache nor sick- 
ness the AA'hole time.' ■* 

Respect for the Sabbath Avas ensured by regulations such as the 
following : ' No person or persons shall presume to Avalk in the streets 
or on the fields in time of divine service ; no person shall presume 
to make any disturbance on the streets or under the forestairs, after 
public Avorship is over, under the pains of three pounds Scots for each 
offence' (5s.). 

Provost John, besides his public activities, Avas a successful merchant, 
and transacted a good deal of business for the various members of his 
family, near and remote, and a large number of liis letters is to be 
found, both among the Rose MSS., noAV in the hands of his great-grandson, 
Mr. EdAvard G. Duff, and in the Grant correspondence in the British 
Museum. A feAv of these letters are here given. They arc curiously full 
of detail, and avcII Avritten for tlie period. The signature of this John Duff 

' Yoisng'a Annals of Elghi. ' Ibid. ' IbiJ. 


is in itself a curiosity — it is so large, and grew larger as he advanced in 

To Robert Grant of Tamore 

' Dr. Sie, — I 'ni favour'd with yours and in obedience thereto have sent 
you all the things you wanted as in the subjoyn'd accot. There is no German 
Sargc in Town but very light colour'd and therefore have sent you from Bailie 
Forsyth the remainder of a pciee of cloath measuring a yard large, pritty much 
of the Colour of the Swateh you sent hei-e, which the Bailie tells me will make 
two pair of Britches, with this provision that if it does not please he will take it 
back, the price of the cloath is nine shillings sterl. I have also sent you G Large 
and two Doz. small buttons for the two pair britches on the same terms, I 
suppose the Silk threed and hair, sent for the Coat and West will also serve the 

' I have sent you a discharge for two terms Cess of Baillindallueh and 
Struthcrs. I am in haste, Sir, Your most II. Servt., Joiix Duff, Junr. 

'Elui.v, ifuy IO//1, 1745. 


Received in Notes . . . . . .£000 

By two terms Cess of Ballindalloeh and Struthcrs 
6 yards fine shallon at ISd. . 

2 Doz. Coat and 1 doz. West buttons .... 

4 drop twist and 4 drop silk ..... 

1 i ounce Threed and 1 yard Buckram .... 

Pay'd Alcxr. Duff, shoemaker,' for two pair shoes you was due 

him for Willie . . . . . .070 

£5 8 2 
Past to your Credit . . . Oil 10'« 

To luihcrl Grant of Tamore, at Elcliies 

' Dr. Sir, — I have yours, and have sent you pr. the bearer Four pound 
Sterling which is a little more than I have got in of the watch moneys Since 
Cluny was here for which send me Mr. l\IePhcrson's Keecpt and desire him tell 
Cluny I shall be as active as possible in Collecting the Ballance of that money. I 
saw Mr. Gordon, the Duke's Factor here fourteen days ago, who told me he could 
not pay any part of the Dukes proportion of the watch money untill he had 
orders from the Duke, and I have wrote to all the Rest to send in their pro- 


S G 


1 8 


1 2 

' See last chapter. ' British Museum JISS. 


portions willi all Convenient Speed and many in consequence of my writing 
have promised to pay in a very little time, when any money worth sending 
comes in I shall acquaint Cluny of it that he may send for it. 

' Mr. James Gordon, Merchant in ffores, died very suddenly last night, I am 
told he had yesterday with him at dinner, Ilatton, Grant and some others who 
after they had drunk sometime wt. him went to Bailie Bibe's where they drunk 
pretty mirrily. Mr. Gordon finding himself a little Fent removed from the com- 
pany and call'd for water to dip his hands in, and finding jiimself a little better 
of that threw himself on a bed, Mrs. Bibe stayed in the room wt. him untill he 
seem'd to fall a sleep and then left him, however, his wife hereing of his being bad, 
wanted much to see him and going in wt. Mrs. Bibe to the room where he was 
found him Dead. — Receive an ounce Wafers wt. Bones, and am, Dr. Sir, Your 
most humble Servt., John Duff, Junr.* 

'Er.oi.v, 1745, July •dth.' 

John Duff is thus briefly alluded to by Baird (1773) : 

' There is one, John Duff, present Provost of Elgin, descended, as is 
believed, of the family of Drummuir.' It is curious how ignorant Baird 
was of all the Duffs of this branch, which settled in and near Elgin. He 
goes on to say : ' I am lately informed that there are {sic) a great number 
of the name of Duff spread all over the county of Moray,' and continues, 
' there is a sister of the present James Gordon of Lattcrfurry (Lcttcrfourie) 
married with one of the name of Duff, a respectable farmer ' ; this was 
Provost John's cousin John, see next chapter. 

The only son of Provost John Duff, junior, was Major Robert Duff 
of Ladyhill, near Elgin, 1751-1828. 

He was apparently at first intended to follow in the footsteps of his suc- 
cessful commercial father, but military ardour proved too strong for him, 
and at the age of twenty-nine he appears as a cadet in the East India Com- 
pany's service. He became an Ensign in 1785, Lieutenant 1795, and Cap- 
tain, September 30, 1803. He retired in 1810. In 1794 he was served lieir 
to his father in ' the Aughtecn Part land and Moss Wards.' He was twice 
married, first to Clementina Stewart, who died 1813. She had two 
daughters who died as infants. Secondly, to IMargery Dawn, by whom 
he had three sons and two daughters : 

1. John, born 1815, died 1839. 

2. Anke, 1817-180G ; married Rev. M. Walker of Llanbryde, whose 
mother was a sister of James Cuninghame Grant Duff. They had the 
following children : 

1 British Museum. 


Catlicrinc Mfirjory, died young. 

Alexander, died youiig. 

Alexander George, died 18GG. 

Robert Duff, went to Australia. 

John, went to Tasmania. 

Eliza Katherinc, married Mr. Duff, Kerrerie, N.Z. 

Ann Elconora, married Mr. Shaw, Jlclbourne. 

Henry, went to India. 

Charles Emilias, died young. 

3. George, 1819-1889, a distinguished doctor in London and Genoa. 
He was with Daniel O'Connell when he died at the latter place in May 
1847. He married Elizabeth Grant, who died 189G, and had two sons 
and three daughters : 

(1) RoBEitT, born 1854, died 1889, at Tabriz in Persia. 

(2) Mary, who in common with most Mary Duffs, died young. 

(3) Marjory, married Barclay Gordon, and had a son named 

George and a daughter named Marjory. 

(4) George, bora 1859, died as a child. 

(5) Helen, died aged sixteen. 

4. The other daughter, Catherine, died an infant. 

5. Robert, born 1821, died 1890 ; was a merchant in Liverpool and 
Singapore. He married Jane Gordon, and had four sons, the three elder 
of whom were at Rugby School : 

(1) Robert, born 1853, died 1887 ; Rugby, 18G7-1SG9 ; a merchant 
in Java. 

(2) Harry, born 1855, died 1905; Rugby, 1870-1873; then at 

Balliol College, Oxford; First Class Law, 1877; Fellow of 
All Souls, 1878 ; Vinerian Scholar, 1879 ; B.C.L. and M.A., 
1881 ; Barrister-at-Law, Inner Temple, 1880 ; Tutor at Mag- 
dalen, Pembroke, and University Colleges, Oxl'uid, 1885- 
1898. He married Lilian Peel, and lias left one son, 
Charles Patrick, born 1889, and two daughters, Esther 
Lilian and Geraldine Rosamund. 

(3) Arthur, born 1857, was at Rugby 1871-1876, and at Corpus 

Christi College, Oxford, where he became a B.A. in 1880. 
Went to Australia in 1882. 

(4) The youngest son, Edward Gordon, born 18G3, was educated 

at Cheltenham College and Wadham College, Oxford. He was 
Bandars Reader in Bibliography in the University of Cam- 
bridge, 1898-1899 and 1903-1904 ; President of the Edinburgh 
Bibliographical Society, 1899-1900 ; and Librarian to the John 

VOL. II. u 


llylands Library, Manoliestcr. lie is Um- greatest living 

authority on early printed books, and lias ])uljlished many 

works on tlic subject. Among others, Earlij Frinted Books, 

1893 ; Early English Printing, 189G ; The Printers, Stationers, 

and Bookbinders of London, 1899 ; William Caxton, 1903 ; 

also The Dialogue or Communing between the wise King 

Solomon and Marcolphus, 1892, etc. Mr. E. G. Dull has an 

unrivalled collection of letters and papers bearing on the 

Duff family, access to which has kindly been permitted to the 

present writers. 

To return to the fourth son of Robert Duff, bailie of Elgin, and Helen 

Sutherland, Patrick, Procurator-Fiscal, who was born 1725, died 1787. 

From 1746 to his death he held the office of Town Clerk of Elgin. Not 

many details about liim are preserved, but that he had Jacobite sympathies 

is proved by the entry in Lord Ilosebcry's List of Persons concerned in 

the Rebellion of 1745, ' Alexander Ogilvic, shoemaker, lurking in the house 

of Patrick Duff on Speyside.' 

Patrick Duff did a great deal of business in the town of Elgin, his 
relatives having much power in the Town Council during the forty years 
he held the oHiee of Town Clerk. He was known as ' Little Clerk Duff,' 
to distinguish him from Areliiljald Duff, his distant relative and son of 
Provost John Duff, first of the name, who was known as the ' Muckle 
Clerk.' 1 

His wife was Anne Fraser, and they had three sons and four 
daughters : 

1. Robert, born 1750, died, 1752, of smallpox, which seems to have 
been raging in lilgin that year. 

2. Alexander, 1751-1782, Town Clerk with his father. 

8. SopuiA, born 1752, and died the same year ' of the chin cough ' 
{i.e. whooping-cough). 

4. Elizabeth. 

5. Helen. 


These three were all school-mistresses in Elgin, Elizabeth and Helen 
being appointed to the burgh school in 1780, at a yearly salary of £5 sterling, 
and Marianne afterwards joining them in 1788. 

7. The youngest son was Patrick, born 1762, another Town Clerk. 

Alexander was appointed Town Clerk jointly with his father rom 1774 

» Patrick Duff, Town Clerk at Elgin (first of the three), bought the house near the Little 
Cross iu Elgin, formerly the place of business of William of Dipplo (Shaw's History of Moray). 


to 1782. He was also Dean of Guild in tlie year of his death. lie married 
lOliza Angling IMelntosh on August 22, 177G. 

According to the account in a letter from Arthur Duff of Orton, the 
parents of Miss JMcIntosh strongly opposed the match, and an elope- 
ment followed. Alexander Duff was afflicted with the king's evil, and 
seems to have been in many ways an undesirable husband. In the follow- 
ing year his wife left him and went to Jamaica, where her father, a doctor, 
had formerly been resident. The following letter from her to her husband 
appears in the Commissariot Decreets, Edinburgh : 

' Nov. 19, 1777. Sir, Your answers to my questions were not so distinct as 
I wished them to be, however you need not give yourself the trouble of answer- 
ing them again. I shall now acquaint you with my resolution. It is this. Sir. 
I never will return to you, nor have any connection with you while I exist. If 
you clioosc, you may send witnesses and I will dcclaie this resolution before them. 
I have nothing more to say, and to beg that you will cease to torment, 

'Eliza Angling MclNxosn.' 

There was no child of the marriage, and at Alexander's death in 1782 
his three sisters above mentioned were decerned executors. 

Patrick Duff, 17G2-1821, the second ofthat surname and Christian name 
to hold the office of Town Clerk, succeeded his brother Alexander in the office 
held jointly with their father, and on the lattcr's death was confirmed in the 
sole charge, which he held until his death. He was also Commissary Clerk 
in 1805, and Sheriff Clerk from 1805 to 1821. In fact, he was said to 
have held more public situations than any man who ever lived in the 

His wife was Margaret Eraser, 1771-184-7, and they had eleven 
children r 

1. Ann, 1788, married Mason. 

2. Elizabeth, 1790. 

3. Patrick, 1791 ; third Town Clerk of the name. 

4. George, 1791. 

5. Thomas, 1790. 

G. jMargauet, 1797. 

7. Artiiuh, 1799-1 8G0, Sheriff Clerk. 

8. Alexander, 1800, W.S., author of several legal works. 

9. Mary Anne, 1802. 

10. Helen, 1804. 

11. Thomas, 1813. 

Of all these children not one descendant remains at the present 


Patrick Duff, tlic second Iioklcr of the odicc of lliat name, seems to have 
been iiilerested in j^unealoffy, for lie writes to I'alrick IJose, March 81, 
TSIO : ' Wliat I want particularly to know is tlic connection betwixt the 
l?raco and Craigenacli family, particularly wlictlicr Duffs of Braco, 
Craigcnach, and Drumbulg were not brotliers, or nearly connected in 

Patrick Rose's answer to this, of which he subjoins a rough copy, was : 
' My father's extracts and observations regarding the Braco I'amily are of 
great length, and so various that under a hundred pages I could not, I am 
satisfied, give you a copy of them, but if you were to take a step over here, 
1 would have no objection to give you a look of them privately.' 

In another letter Patrick Duff asks for information regarding the con- 
nection of the Craigienach and Drummuir families. In answer Rose quotes 
the three sasines on Dnmibulg and Craigienach, already given, page 456, 
but does not answer the query as to the connection with Drummuir (pre- 
sumably the facts were already forgotten, and have only now, one hundred 
years later, been at length disentangled). In a third letter, April 12, 1810, 
Patrick Duff begs to have William Rose's ]\ISS. sent to him for perusal, 
but the request was not met with compliance. 

The eldest son, Patrick, third Town Clerk of that name, held the ofTice 
for nearly fifty years ; he was also Commissary Clerk for forty years from 
1821 to his death in 1801. 

He was well known as a geologist, and published in 1842 The Geology 
of Moray. At the date of his death a long account apj)eared in the Annual 
Register : ' The deceased, a man of note in the North of Scotland, was 
born at Elgin 2nd Dec. 1791, and was the third Patrick Duff in regular 
descent in the same family who held the office of Town Clerk of Elgin — • 
the united terms of office of his grandfather, his father, and himself extend- 
ing to nearly one hundred years. . . . The late Patrick Duff, from first to 
last, faithfully and conscientiously discharged the duties of his office, to 
the satisfaction of the Council and community, and lived on terms of good- 
will and friendship with all classes in the city. . . . Patrick Duff, who was 
afllieted with asthma, took every opportunity of cultivating out-of-door 
objects of interest. Hence he held in succession the farms of Loehinver 
and Bardon. The same feeling led him to the study of geology, and he 
became such an authority on it that he was visited by Hugh Miller, Sir 
Roderick Murchison, Sir Philip Egcrton, Lord Enniskillen, etc., when 
they came north on a geological tour. Mr. Duff's great feat was the 
discovery of a cast in the Spynic quarry in 1851 of the remarkable 
rei)tile which, from the place of its discovery, was named Tclcrpcton 


' Mr. Duff was unmarried, and a family long connected with Elgin has 
now no direct descendant bearing the name.' 

This, of course, refers to the actual descendants of Patrick, first Town 
Clerk. Of the descendants of his elder brother John there are many 
now alive, notably Mr. Edward Gordon Duff and his nephew, Charles 
Patrick Duff, now of the Board of Trade, Whitehall. 




It was seen in the last chapter that Alexander of Craigienach had two sons, 
and the descendants of Robert, the elder, were traced down to the present 
day ; the younger, Patrick, was factor for Archibald Grant of Ballintomb, 
and appears frequently in the Records of the Presbytery of Aberlour, being 
described, in the years 1720, 1722, 1727, and 1730, as 'of Craigienach ' (some- 
times spelt Craggenach). He was also an elder for the parish of Knoek- 
ando. He and his wife, Jean Gordon, had at least three children : John 
Duff of Pitchaish, of whom many descendants arc now living; another 
son, who had a son Robert ; and a daughter Margaret, only known to us 
from the following entry in the Pi'csbytery Book of Elgin (1735) : ' There 
are no Papists in Alves, but Jean Gordon, wife to Duff of Craigienach and 
Margaret Duff his daughter.' John of Pitchaish seems to have lived for 
many years on the farm of that name on the estate of Ballindalloeh in 
Banffshire. Letters from him from that place arc to be found among the 
correspondence of Robert Grant, factor for Ballindalloeh, in the MS. Room 
at the British Museum, and are wrongly indexed as beinr; from his first 
cousin, John Duff, merchant, and Provost of Elgin. He seems to have 
found the farm too large for him, or, for some other reason, wished to leave 



PATRICK DUFF, factor for Ballintomb (ii 

730), m. Jean Gordon. 


Jamca, 1741-1812, 

m., ,Tano Cordon 

of OairnficKI ; m. secondly, 

I Anne Bradford. 

1742. ISO,'?, 
. first, Anne Du(T, o.s.p. 
. secondly, Dorothea Hay. 

I I I 

l.crt, William, 

1W)7, died 1.S07. 

died 1822. 

died 1HI3. 

James Gordon, 


first, Frances AVillii 

died 182G— no i.ssui 

secondly, Emma .Tone 





See below (6). 

Patrick, ' George, 

1797-182.5, 1799-1848. 

Penelope Gordon Seelielow(a). 

of Aberdour. Ailam G., 

I 1SU1-183C. 

James Adam, Frances, Maria, Mary Anno, 

1833-1873, 1S3.5. 1838, 1841-1878. 

m. K. J. Blaudy, Emma, m. G. Blandy. John, 

o.s.p. 1837. I died young. 

Graham, 1879-1900. 

(rt) George Duff, 1799-1848, m. 182G, Janet Barnes. 

I I I M 

Maria Garden, J.anet, Georgina G., Ada, 

1827-1903, 1828, 1830, 1831-1851. 

o.s.p. m. II. Morgan, m. Ch. Cradock. 'William, 

I o.s.p. 

Jane Agnes, Dorothea 

ni. first, W. Garforth ; Angusta, 

I m. seconilly, 1839-1909, 

I Kev. Seymour o.s.p. 

I I I I I 

William Keith, Montagu, Charles, Christopher, Gwendolene 
1858. 1859. 18G1. 1802. m, H. .Strakc 

William, Georgina, 

1. Hon. Hylda m. T. Hall. 

[b] Maria Duff, 179G, m. 1822, Francis Garden Campbell, died without issue ; 
m. secondly, James Ramsay of Earra in 1827. 

408 THE FAMILY OF 'TIGER DUFF' OF CARNOUSIE part of the coiiiilry, imd resided I;Ucr al, Newlown of Aueliiiitoiil in 
llie same coiiiiLy. Jlis lellers from Uicse two i)!aces ^'ive rniicli inl'orrna- 
tion as to Iiis lumily. lie was also at one lime a ' writer in Keith.* 

The two first letters deal with Grant's own business and current 

The next three with John Duff's financial position, and his departure 
from Pitchaish. 

The four later letters are chiefly concerned with his sons, of whom he 
would appear to have been very proud, and the last was written not long 
before his own death. 

John Duff of Pitchaish is thus briefly alluded to in Baird's history of 
the Duffs : ' There is a sister of the present James Gordon of Lattcrfurry 
(Lettcrfourie), married with one of the name of Duff, a respectable farmer ; 
they have five sons, whom their uncle is educating, and by his interest and 
money providing for them in the army, navy, mercantile and other genteel 

This, of course, explains how three of the sons came to enter the Indian 
army, and the other two a Gordon house of business. 

John Buff, Pitchaish, to Robert Grant of Tamore 

TiTciiAsn, 19 Dec. 1750. 
' Sir, — Receive inclosed two Discharges for Cess, and from the bearer seven 
pound six shilling and four jicnnies Ballance of your Bank notes, my Cousine 
makes offer of the Compliments of the Season to you and Mrs. Grant. My 
Uncle,* writes me, that the Distemper is raging greatly among the horses about 
Elgin and in Duffus. But not so much above Elgin, there are few dead and 
the cure used there is blooding how soon the distemper begins or before, by way 
of prevention to the quantity of a pint or 3 mutckins which is to be repeated once 
and again as long as the difficulty of breathing continues violent, mashing several 
different times, all drink must be warmed, blood warm and given in the stable 
with some meal or provender on it, and there may be some Lint Seed boiled 
among water and the Lint Seed when sufficiently boiled drained out, and a small 
quantity of the Lint seed water put in among the ordinary drink, if wrought - at 
all, must be very moderately, plenty of boiled meat given, blood warm, thought 
very good ; absolutely discharged giving any oats. Some people, for preven- 
tion, rubs all the mangers and hecke^ with tarr, and all the horse graith.'' My 
Compliments to you and Mrs. Grant. — I am. Dr. Sir, Your most humble 
Servant, 'JounDuff.'^ 

» Robert Duff, bailie of Elgin. ' Worked ^ Rack for catUe. 

* Apparatus of whatever kind, accoutrements of a horse. ' British Museum. 

^f.i\:..n' i: lu'k(^ .. ri i: <bi 


The same to the same 

' riTiiiAsii, 20 >>yi/. 1754. 

' Dr. Sir, — Bclnespick came here this forenoon with a full resolution of seeing 
you and spouse at Tamore, but turning some uncasie with the fatigue of the 
market and hard drinking last night at Carron, he was obliged to alter his re- 
solution, and begged of me to present his compliments to you and spouse, and 
to send you the inclosed bond of releiff and letters relative yerto, to be for- 
warded to your son. The signers of the bond had some time ago sent a missive 
letter adrest to you or son anent the bond granted by your son to Jas. 
IMePhcrson's creditors. If that letter be in your custody, I am ordered to gett 
it, and send it to any of the gentlemen signers by the first occasion that offers ; 
so i)lease send it pr. bearer. My compliments to you and ]Mrs. Grant. — I am 
respeeltully, Dr. Sir, Your most humble Servant, .Totin Dufi'.' i 

Tlw. same to the same 

' PiTCHASH, 24 Nov. 1760. 
' Sir, — I send you pr. bearer my taek on the town and parks of Pitchash, and 
as the situation of my affairs are such that I cannot labour and plenish said tack 
for nixt crop, I am satisfied to renounce the same in favours of the Heritor and 
his Curators how soon I can gett a sheet of Stampt paper to extend the same. 
That they may dispose of the same as seems them good from and after this date, 
and in the meantime till the renunciation be Expcd and Delivered, I agree that 
Decreet be pronounced agst. me for the rent due at Merst: " last and for the rent 
of the Hill park, Mid park, and Haugh park at the rate of four hundred pound 
Scots for the Grass thereof from Candlemas last to this date, also that Decreet 
l^ass agst. me for implementing all the prestations of the tack prestable on my 
part.— Sir, Your Humble Servant, John Duff.' => 

TJic same to the same 

' I'lTCiiAsii, llth Kovemher 17C1. 
' Sir, — I have seen William Mcintosh of Eelnespick's Letter adrest to you of 
(late 251 h current and agree that ye Sell to him or any others, who may want 
Corn and Straw as much of the corns of the Croft of Pitcliasli 17C0 as will satisfic 
and pay you the whole of the sums for which these corns are disposed by me to 
you at the rate of eight merks ready money or six pound Scots payable IMartinmas 
next, to be easten by proof sheatt and estimation by Alexr. Shaw in Knoekcndow 
or William Stuart in Mains of Aberlour or any other qualified proofmen, and as 
my private business necessary obliges me to be out of the country for some 
time and that it may be necessary to have the corns easten before my return I 
have bespoke William Johnstown, Greive at Ballindalloeh, Patrick Anderson 
in Belliebcglash, .John Grant there, and .James Donaldson in Kirdcls, or any one 

' Aba.hi-n JoiD/ial, ''SoH'i s.nd Queues.' • M:irfinmas. ' British Museum. 

vol,. II. X 


of them to attend and deliver you the corns in my absence and lliey are to 
keep an account of the (juantity that may hajjpcii to be casten in my absence. I 
have also provide such aeeoinodution of houses as the neighbourhood can afford 
for accomodating Bclnespiek's Cattle or any others to whom ye may happen to 
sell any of the corns, if ye can gett any better price, I will be obliged to you. But 
rather than have the Corns longer on hand you will dispose of them at the above 
price. Your eomplyance will oblige. — Sir, Your most Humble Servant, 

' John Duff.' ' 

To the men jucniioncd in the last letter 

' PiTCHASii, 2nd Dec. 17f>l. 
' Dr. ffreinds, — As my business obliges me to be out of the country for some 
time, and that its probable a part of the corn and straw presently stacked in the 
corn yard of Pitchash, Disposed by me to llobert Grant of Tamore in security 
and payment of considerable sums I owe him as factor to William Grant of 
Ballindalloeh, may be sold and disposed of by him in my absence from this 
country, I most therefore bcgg the favour of you to attend and deliver for me, 
what corn and straw shall be casten during my stay from the country, Alexr. 
Shaw, Willm. Stuart in Aberlour, or any other qualified proofmen may be cm- 
ployed to cast the corn by prooff sheaff and I have bespoke John Hay in Tyraeh, 
•John Grant in Fionas and Alexr. Maeonachy in Culquoich to attend to estimate 
the corns, I have also bespoke Lewis Cruiekshank, George and William 
MacAlesters and Donald Alunro to assist at threshing the prooff. These people 
will attend on the least notice, and I dare say William Ffalconer will give a Barn 
to thresh the prooff, if not, one of the Barns in Bracside must be clean up for 
that purpose, Youle please take a signed note imder the proofman's hand of the 
respective quantitys that may be Casten, and by these I impower you, and each 
of you separately to act and Doe for me as fully as I could myself if present, and 
shall on my return Ratify and approve of wliat one or all of you docs in the 

' Your eomplyance will singularly oblige, and I am, Dr. ffreinds, Your most 
humble Servt: John Duff.- 

' To Peter Anderson in Belkluglash, John 

Grant there, William Johnstown, Grcive 

at Ballindalloeh, and James Donaldson, 

jointly or separately, any one of you being 

suirieient for the above purpose.' 

JoJin Duff to William Rose {tiventy years later) 

'Newtown of Aciuntoul, 2Sth June 1781. 
' Sir, — The franks you was so kind as procure from Lr-;d Fife for me arc 
used, my eldest son ^ leaves Madeira and comes to reside at London over this 

British Museum. * Britisli ATuscuui. ' James 


summer and I have reason to believe that my second son • will be Home this year 
from India. This will occasion my wrilting frequently to London, I will be 
obliged to you to gett me some franks from Lord Fife, you have the direction, 
subjoined, if you '11 be so good as gett me some franks and send them to Bailie 
Alexander, Post Master at Banff, he will send them carefully here. I begg 
pardon for the freedom, Butt if I can serve you freely command and I am. Sir, 
Your most humble servant, John Duff. 

' To Mr. James Duff, Madeira, Jlerchant, 
Jamaica Coffee House, London, 
and some 

To Jlr. John Reid, Sidney Alley, London.' (R.) 

The same to ilie same 

'Newtown ok Achintoi'L, 1.5//i Xov. 1782. 

' Sir, — I was sorry I had not the Pleasure of seeing you when my cousin Bob 
Duff and I Breakfasted at your House, wee gott a very hearty welleome from 
Mrs. Rose and was well entertained. 

' I have frequent calls of writting to my son James at London, with former 
favours, I must begg youll be so kind as gett some franks from Lord Fife, I am 
obliged to his Lordship for giving the franks and to you for getting them, you 
have subjoined a note of the addresses. Pray make my Compliments to Jlrs. 
Rose. — I am. Sir, Your most humble servant, John Duff.' (It.) 

Joint Diijf from Auchinloul to William Rose 

' Nkwtown ok AeCHiNTOUL, 2iUli June ITii.'i. 
' Dk. Shi,— I had Letters from my Sons in India of the fifteenth November 
Last, they were then well, William had been ailling at Bombay and was advised 
to goc to Bengal for the change of climate, he got leave of absence and went to 
his Brother Patrick's House at Fort William, he was quite recovered before he 
wrote me, John is far up the country on ihe Bengal establishment in Colonel 
John McPhersons regiment, his Colonel Dinned here lately, and showed me 
Letters he had from India of the 13th December last, my sons were then well. 
My sons mention none of my acquaintances in India, except Captain Duff 
(Whitehill's son) ^ and Captain John Gordon (Shellagreen's Brother), they were 
at my son Patrick's house when he wrote me, he says in general that my other 
acquaintances were well, my sons are anxious for letters from me, I propose 
writting them soon and send my letters up to London to my son James to be 
forwarded by first conveyance, you '11 oblige me to speak tn Lord Fife and see 

not return to England till 1788. ' Pettcr. See chapter 


if liis Loidsliip will he so kind as give me sonic franks dircetcd to my son James, 
subjoined I send you llie diicetion. I have a nephew who lias been in India for 
years past in the seafaring way, he did not write liis mother who lives in Down, 
nor me for upwards of three years bygone, his mother imagined he was dead, I 
suspected it, as he used to write me by every conveyance, and the more so as my 
son John, happened to fall in with him at Madrass and he was then in such an 
ailling way tliat he was obliged to leave the ship and goe to Bengal for the benefit 
of the change of climate and there was no accounts of him since, till he arrived 
at London. Lately he has been several times with his cousin, my son James, he 
is now in good health and a stout little man, but has not made any money, which 
he gives as the reason he did not write his mother. My son writes me that he 
seems to be a clever sensible young man, and that he will take him by the hand 
and soon putt him in gentcle bread and if he is sober and frugal, may make a 
little money. I have acquainted his mother of this, which makes her very 
happy. This fine weather has mended the corn remarkably, both corn and grass 
have made a remarkable advance since the rain came on. My English oats looks 
quite well and are in the shoot blade and some of the cars opening out, they will 
be very early. What they call the Tory worm lias done some damage to the 
corns in Deys fatt Land in this corner. I had a Letter Last post from General 
Grant of Eallcndalloeh's factor, the Tory worm has done considerable hurt to 
the General's improved ground, and a great deal of damage in the lands of 
Knoekandow. I hope this rains will prevent any more damage. I will be happy 
to hear that you, Mrs. Ivose and children are well, compliments to you and Mrs. 
Hose. — I am very sincerely, Dr. Sir, Your most obliged humble servant, 

'John Duff.' (li.) 

The same to the same 

'Xkwtoh.v (,k Auciii.NToi'i,, \Oth Apvilc 17;i(i. 
'Sir, — Mr. I'orteous at Myria who is married with a niece of mine, informs 
me, that the land he possest is now divided in Lotts among the feuars in McDuff 
excepting a few acres which is reserved for Mr. Porteous, but no rent of these 
acres as yett made. It \vill be doing me a favour that you cause jiutt a rent as 
soon as you can on these acres, and what favour j'ou show Mr. Porteous, I w^ill 
take it as done on my account and shall be ready to acknowledge the same. 
I heard from India last week, my sons were well, second of last November. I 
hope we may see Patrick home this year, I have been very ailling for some days 
past. Compliments to you and Mrs. llosc. — I am, Sir, Your most humble 
servant, John Duff.' {R.) 

John Dul'f died in 1790, as is proved by the two later letters from the 
Duff House papers, hut the last existing letter from hiin. full of farmer's 
gossip, must first be added ; he must have been an old man at the 


Jiilm Duff to Lord Fife 

'Ni;un,ivN <.!■ AucmNToiT,, 2G I'ch. 17111). 

' My Loud, — I wus favnuivd wiLh youra ul Llic 1 jlh cuirciiL, 1 ;i,ni obligcil 
to you for taking care ot my letter. I liave presumed to send under your cover a 
letter for my sou which I begg youU cause forward. 

' We have had some snow for some days past which is better than the great 
falls of rain wee had. Jleal continues to be sold at Banff from a sliilling to 
twelve pence halfpenny the nine pound weight. They only give the eight pound 
to tile peek which sells from ten pence halfpeimy to eleven pence, there is of 
late a good deal of the meal but indifferent. There will be grain sullicient for 
supplying the country, but there will b(; a great deal of bad meal. I am of your 
Lordships opinion that the fanners should be very careful of providing good seed 
oats. There is a great deal of oats in the country not to be depended on for seed, 
there is a great demand from this side of Sjiey for seed oats from Murray which 
was not the case when I hved in Murray, wee bought seed oats from Banffshire 
and thought they were earlier and yielded more meal than the Murray oats did. 
Mr. Arthur Duff at Rothicmay and Ardmellie have some early oats that was 
ingathercd before the rains broke out last harvest, there is a great demand for 
these oats for seed. Mr. Gordon of Cairnborro has bought several Bolls from 
Ardmellie for seed for Letterfoury, Major Duff's ^ manager has bespoke some 
seed oats from Mr. Arthur Duff ; the IMajor's Rents arc but poorly paid this 

' I presented your compliments to Miss Gordon. She is well, her Tennants 
arc busy paying in their farm meal. She has returned some and would not accept 
of it, she is a good judge of meal. I am convinced her farms \\\\\ be well paid, 
its my opinion, that the meal of this crop will not keep well, the sooner it is used 
it will be the better. 

' Corn and straw has risen of laLe, greatly. Bear and straw has given twenty- 
live shillings p. Boll and Oats and straw from Nineteen to Twenty shillings per 
Boll. Tnere is little oats in this corner that will yeild three lirlots of meal out 
ot the Boll, so I think the Bear the best bargain, the Distillers gives Twenty 
shillings for the Boll of Bear, the Bear in general is wholesome and M'ill answer for 
seed or malt. They complain in some places that the Bear docs not yeild so 
much meal as usual. 

' Your acquaintances in this eorner are well. No olher Country oecurranees 
worth mentioning.-Coinplinunts and 1 am very resi)eelfull, My Lord, Your 
Lordshiiis most obliged humble Scrviiiil, .John DuI'F. 

' P.S. — For all that was said about the sale of Rannas I hear the bargain 
is over, Lord Findlater will not pay price Rannas demanded. 

' To the Honourable the Earle of Fife, Ul\, Whitehall, London.' {D.) 


Jolii) Duff's (Icalli is llius iuinoiinccd : 

Alexander Duff of Mmjcn to Lord Fife 

'April !), 1700. 
' . . . The Colonel's father has been given over for some time, and this 
morning at 4 o'elock he paid the Debt of Nature. . . .' (£>.) 

And Ills second son writes thus to Lord File from Dover : 

'Mlh April 1790. 
' JIy Loud, — It was my intention to have waited on you for your commands 
and to ha\e taken leave before I left town ; l)ut the accounts of my Father's 
death which arrived on Thursday made me unfit and unwilling to sec any of my 
friends, foraltho' I was in a great measure prepared for the event it put me very 
nmch out of sorts. I could not, however, leave the Island without thanking 
your Lordship for your great and flattering attentions which I shall remember 
with great pleasure. The William Pitt is expected every hour, and its imagined 
she will sail to-morrow. — I am with the greatest respect your Lordships most 
obcd'and very humble Sert, P.vtuick Duff.' [D.) 

John Duff of Pitcliaish had married, in 17.39, Mary Gordon of Lctter- 
fouric. ' Jolm Duff, son of Patrick of Craigicnach, contracted matrimony 
with Mary Gordon, daugiiter of James Gordon of Lettcrfourie, 7 Avig. 1739.' ^ 

They had five sons and two daughters. The eldest. Jajies, born 1741,- 
Patrick, Robert, \Villiam, and John ; and two daughters, Margaret 
and Anne who ajjpcar to have died unmarried. According to Imlach's 
History if Banff they had a liouse in that town, and their brotlier llobcrt, 
who died in 1807, left annuities to both of £25 yearly. John, who lived till 
1828, made his will in 1813, and left a legacy to IMargaret only, Anne 
evidently being already dead. ]\Iargaret had died in 1822, and therefore 
did not benefit {Scots Magazine). 

The most famous son was Patrick, an Indian soldier, well known in 
Banff and Edinburgh at the end of the eighteenth century as ' Tiger Duff.' ^ 

1 Rose MSS., Advocates' Library, Aberdeen. 

= This date is known from his gravestone in Banff churchyard. The dates of birth of the 
three youngest can only be surmised, and even their order in the family is unknown, but John 
was the last survivor, and became a cadet nineteen years after his brother Patrick went to 

' The late Dr. Cramond wrote an article on ' Tiger Duff ' which appeared in the Banffshire 
Joxiriml many years ago, in which he stated that the famous soldier was the son of Archibald 
Duff of Bilbohall, grandson of Patrick Duff of Craigston. He gave as his authority Mr. E. G. 
Duff's collection of Rose papers ; but his examination of them must have been very cursory, as 
he was entirely mistaken. The descent of ' Tiger ' from Ale.xander Duff of Craigienach, and 
through him from the family of Duffs of Bade and the early Duffs of Tornesoul has been care- 
fully traced by the present writers, and is proved by documentary evidence, much of it among 
the Rose papers. Dr. Cramond was perhaps not familiar with the Fife entail given in chapter 


lie was born in 1712, and tiicre is no record as to how liis earliest years 
were spent, but in 1700, at tlie a^e of ei;,'IiLeen, lie sailed ior India with the 
newly-raised 89th llcginient of Foot. He was not a commissioned ofllcer, 
as his name does not appear in tlie Army List as belonging to that regiment, 
but in the light of subsequent events it is clear that he was one of what 
were then known as ' gentleman volunteers.' These were men of good 
birth, who were unable to raise the money to buy cominissions, but 
through family interest could get commanding officers to let them serve 
with the regiments (on field or foreign service only). They hved and 
messed with the officers, but did duty as non-commissioned officers. If 
they distinguished themselves they stood a good chance of obtaining com- 
missions without purchase. 1 

In the year 17C3 orders were sent out to India to dislxand the 89tli 
Regiment, and all officers and men (amounting to one hundred and nine 
persons) who did not volunteer for the service of the Hon. East India 
Company were sent home. In anticipation of this disbandment, it would 
appear that in the previous year (17C2) Patrick Duff transfejied to the 
Company's service, and joined the artillery, for in the Indian Army Lists 
he appears as a Lieutenant-Fireworker on June 12, 17G3, and in the 
muster roll of the Bengal Artillery, dated November 1, 1773, he is noted 
as a ' Captain, then aged 31, who came originally from Scotland,' and 
had been ' received from the King's Service, 89th Regt. at Calcutta in 
1702 ' {India Office Records). 

He became a First Lieutenant on ]\Iarch 28, 1704, was present at the 

xiii. ; but it is obvious that had George Duff, ' Tiger's ' son, wlio was alive in 1841, been great- 
great-grandson to Patrick of Craigston, he would have appeared in that entail, and his position 
would have been No. 12, immediately after Norwich Dulf, before the Fetteresso family, and 
before all the descendants of Alexander of Keithmore's brothers John and William. 

» The 89th Regiment was raised in 1759 by Catherine Gordon, daughter of the second Earl 
of Aberdeen and widow of the third Duke of Gordon (who died in 1752), for her sixteen year old 
son, Alexander, the fourth Duke. The purport of its raising was, on the rumour of the French 
invasion, to prove llic loyalty of the young Duke to the Hanoverian government, as his father 
had shown marked sympathy with the Jacobite cause. The Colonel ol tlie newly raised regi- 
ment was Staats Morris, second husband of the Duchess. 

On October i.|, 1759, Alexander Duff of Davidslon got a cajitaiiuy in this regiment, on 
condition of his raising sixty nu'M for it. 'i'liis occasioned the extreme wrath of his graMdmolIier, 
K'atlicrino iJiiff of Druminuir, who .said, ' .Soldiers is but slaves' (see chapter xxiv.). Alexander 
himself in writing to Lord Fife about the men, mentions that he is the only Duff then holding 
a captain's commission in the Army. 

In the next year, Alexander Duff, afterwards of Mayen, obtained a commission as Lieu- 
leuant in this regiment, Octolier 12, 1760, and George Morisr.n of HojMiie. brollicr-in-Iaw of 
Alexander Dulf of Davidslon (whose widow became the .second wife of Kobert Dulf of l.(i,;i,.), 
also joined. These friends and relatives among the oflicers [irobably facilitated I'alnck 
Dnlt's enrolment as a gentleman volunteer. Moreover, his motlier was a (Jordon. 


battle of Buxar, September 22, 170 1, and was mentioned in despatches. 
In the following year he bceame a Captain-Lieutenant. 

In 17G6, as a Captain, he was a ringleader in the mutiny against Clive, 
and was one of tliose oflicers specially exempted by Clive from pardon. 
For setting lire to the house of a brother ofTieer in order to compel him to 
join the mutiny, Patrick Duff was dismissed the scrsiee, and returned to 

In 1769 he was reinstated in his former position (iiaving probably 
made interest at home during the intervening three years), and went back 
to India, taking with him Patrick Duff, son of Provost Duff of AVhitehill 
(see chapter xix.) ; but on January 12, 1774, for some reason unexplained, 
lie resigned the service and returned to Scotland. 

While there he married his second cousin, Anne Duff, daughter of 
Provost John Duff, junior. He was thirty-two and she twenty-six. 

She, however, died at Madras on the voyage to Calcutta, April 27, 
1776, and is buried there. 

Tombstone in St. ^Mary's Cemetery, Madras : 

' Anne Duff, buried 27 April 1776 

wife of Major Patrick Duff 

(Hon. E. I. Co.'s Artillery), 

Aged 20.' 1 

The first burial after the siege of Aladras {Indian Registers). 

There were no children of this marriage. 

Patrick Duff had obviously gone out to India again with the intention 
of rejoining the Hon. East India Company's /\rtillery after his temjjorary 
retirement, and was doubtful of his status in the service. 

Some months after his arrival he writes thus to Lord Fife : 

' Calcutta, 25 Nov. 1770. 

' My LoTiD, — I would before now have done myself the Honor of writing you, 
had I any thing to say which would lia\c been agreeable to your Lordship ; that 
is still a good deal my case, but I can no longer defer returning j'ou my hearty 
acknowledgements, for the friendly and polite treatment I ex2:>ericnecd from 
you when in Europe ; a just sense of which I will always retain ; and, should it 
ever be in my power, will eonviiiee you by actions more than by -words of the 
sense I have of them. 

' The Letter you did me the honor to write General Clavcring by nic, I 
delivered, but he has been in so bad a State of health ever since my arrival, 
(hat I have only seen him once, he is now betler, but far fniir. being well. 

' l;cally twcnly-cijjhl. 


' A Board of Field onicers sat, soon after my return to this place, to cxaiijinc 
into my claim lo Superior rank ; their proceedings arc not yet made publick, 
oil account of the General's ill stale of health ; but I have reason to believe I 
will have the rank of Major, as soon as he is able to take his scat in Council, which 
will bring me near the head of the artillery. 

' I am extremely sorry to be oblig'd to acquaint your Lordship with the death 
of my wife, she died at Madiass on the way out ; I have every reason to regret 
her, for by a sweetness of temper and miklness of behaviour she made me jjer- 
fcctly happy. 

' Should j'our Lordship think of any thing you want from India, your apply- 
ing to me will be esteemed a favour, and I will take a 25articular pleasure in 
Executing your orders. — I have the Honor to be, with much respect and Gratitude, 
Your Lordship's much oblig'd and very Iluml: Servt: 

' Patrick Duff.' (D.) 

He docs not appear as a Major until February 22, 1777,^ but in 177G 
lie was selected to raise a battalion of artillery for the Nawab of Oude, 
whicli battalion was in 1777 transferred to the East India Company, and 
Major Duff was appointed to command the artillery at Futtigurh. In 
1780, while under forty, he became Lieutenant-Colonel, and commanded 
the whole Bengal Artillery from October 1780 to June 1784, during the 
absence of Colonel Pearse, while the latter was serving with Sir Eyre 
Coote against Ilyder All in the Carnatic. 

In 1783 he founded the station of Dum-Dum, whicli remained, until the 
Mutiny, the headquarters of the Bengal Artillery ; on handing over the 
command he was thanked by Council for the good state of discipline. He 
was then appointed to ' the general command of the artillery in the field,' 
a post equivalent to that of Inspector-General of Artillery. From 1788 
to 1790 he was in Scotland, and his father died just as he was about to sail 
for India again, for in the autumn of that year he was sent to Bengal to com- 
mand the Bengal Artillery under Lord Cornwallis against Tippoo Sahib 
in the Carnatic, and he had charge of preparing the famous siege train for 
Scringapatam (!)2 guns, 7 howitzers, 7 mortars, and .'jOO tumbrils and 
carts). This was brought into Bangalore in such a high state of cfTiciency 
' that the heavy guns, drawn by bullocks, came in at a gallop.' (From a 
contemporary letter.) 

The siege ended in a treaty of |)cace, before the ])laee was cajjtured, 
and in 1793 Duff went back to Scotland for the fourth time, as the Court 
of Directors had refused him the permanent command of the whole Bengal 

' In spite of tlie inscription on his wife's gravestone, wliere he is described as Major in 1776. 
Moreover, while at liome and nfter he had resigned tlic service, 1774, he was made a burgess of 
Banff as ' Major Patrick Duff of tlie Hon. East IncUa Company's service.' 


Artillery, altlionf^h lie was a lull Colonel and senior ofllccr of the corps. 
The reason for tliis is not clear, but whatever it Avas, it was removed, for 
in 179G he was ])romotcd i\Iajor-General and sent out to supersede Colonel 
Pearse, who had previously superseded him, in the command of the whole 
Bengal Artillery. 

During his sojourn at home he married his second wife, Dorothea Hay,^ 
sister of General Andrew Hay of ]\fountl)lairy (who was killed at the battle 
of Orthes 1811),- and two daughters were born to them before they went to 
India, where he took over the command, March 29, 1797. In April he was 
transferred as Major-General to the command of the Presidency division, 
and in December 1797 lie finally returned to Knghind. His eldest son, 
Patrick, was probably born during his sojourn in India 1797, or on the 
voyage out, as he apparently came of age before April 4, 181S, and two 
other sons, George ^ and Adam, were born in 1799 and 1801, at the old 
house of Carnousic, Banffshire, which the General had purchased when last 
at home.* 

He writes thus to Lord Fife about his proposed purchase : 

' Lktteiifai'rie, 24lh JVov". 1789. 

' My Lord, — I had not the honor to receive your Lordships obliging letter 
of the 14th untill yesterday, on my arrival at this place fnjin IMurray where 1 
had been for a few days. 

' I consider myself much obliged by yoiu' frieiully ofllces and for the good 
opinion you arc pleased to express of inc for wliicli accept my hearty thanks. 

' Tlie situation of Ilaymount, the neighbourhood, etc., arc highly agreeable 
to me, and I would much ratlicr set down near my friends than at a distance ; 
for these reasons I should be glad to purchase it at a reasonable price ; but your 
Lordship knows I am no judge of these matters, and tluit I nuist therefore con- 
sult my friends before 1 come to any agreement in u thing of such moinent and 
as your Lordship has been so good to offer your advice and assistance permit 
me to ask what you think I ought to give, for altho' I want an estate and par- 
ticularly in tnis country, I would not give more for one than my friends thought 
prudent and reasonable. I know there is an idea that jjcople from India will 

' 'On January ii, 1794, at Mountblairy, Colonel Patrick Dulf, of the Hon. East India Com- 
pany's Artillery, to Miss Hay, eldest sister oC A. Hay, Esq.' {Abinhen Journal). 

' There is a tablet to him in St. Paul's Cathedral and a monument at Bayonne. 

' From Baptismal Registers at Turriff : ' Margaret Sinclair, eldest daughter of General 
Patrick Duff, March 29, 1795 ; Mary, February S, 1756 ; George, October 3, 1799.' 

The Registers from November 1796 to end of January 1799 are non-existent. 

* James of Madeira writes from London, May 6, 1790, to W. Rose, about his brother's 
proposed purchase of the lands of Cluny near Carnousie ; James rccoj.nnends tlio purchase, 
and has written saying so to his uncle Mr. Gordon of Cairnburrow, who ' is so kind as take 
the direction of my brother's concerns in the north and I beg leave to refer you to him." 


1,'ivc liioiv llian ;iny person else, l)iil I assiiif ymir Lordshij) lliis is not tlic case 
wilh nic, as 1 am dclrrminrd Ic he ^iiidrd l.y Uic advi<T oi n,y fHcnds in eases ot 
tliis kind wjiere 1 am no judge myself. 

' My uncles beg- to have the honor of presenting there compliments to your 
Lordship, and I am with great respect, — Your Lordships, Most obgd and very 
humbi Serv-t, Patrick Duff. 

' Lord Fife.' 

What follows is written by Lord Fife on the back of the foregoing 
letter : 

' Wrote him from Montrose Deer o^j^ Cannot from the knowledge of Mr. Hay's 
estate, offer him any advice as to the value, do not believe that my opinion would 
have any influence with Mr. Hay, that Col. Duff should desire Mr. Hay to make 
a demand, he will then judge from the actual state of Tennants and farms with 
the acconmiodations, etc., etc., what to offer. I think Carnousy and Knockorth 
the most desirable part for Col. Duff to purchase : there is a great deal of good 
ground and great deal to improve. The objection to Knockorth is want of fire, 
it can be very well supplycd from the Mosses of Carnousie. There is a house 
that, with a little money, can be made very comfortable, large plantations well 
advanced and a good deal inclosed. The lands on the water side arc good, but 
not so extensive,' etc., ele. (D.) 

After his iiurchasc of Carnousie and the adjoining lands from Lord Fife's 
brother-in-law, George Hay, Patrick Duff seems to have lived chiefly at 
Carnousie, in the old house shown at the head of this chapter, now used as 
a farmhouse. But he also owned a house in the Canongate, at that time 
a fashionable part of Edinburgh. It will be remembered that Jean Duff 
of Hatton and her husband, Sir James Grant, also had a house there. 

General Patrick Duff and his wife Dorothea, who was consumptive, 
died within a few days of each other in Edinburgh, he on the 2nd and she 
on the 5tli February 1803, and were buried together in the cliurcliyard of 
the CJreyfriars, in the burial-place belonging to her brother, General Hay. 
A large sum was paid for watching the grave for twenty-two nights to 
preserve it from the body-snatchers, and thus no stone was put up, for 
\vant of suflkient funds. 

I'atrick Rose, Sherifi-Clcrk of Banff, writes to his Inothcr in Demerara 
in 1S03, ' On the borders of Deveronside there has of late been a great 
mortality. Since spring commenced. General Duff of Carnousie and his 
wife and Lord Banff have all died ; the two former died within a day of 
each other and have left five children, the eldest of whom is six, to bewail 
their loss ' (Rose MS., EIgi7i Courani). 

Patrick Duff was a man of cxtraordinarv strength, six feet four inches 


in height, and it is related of him tliat once, finding a sentry asleep at his 
post, lie carried off the gun, a six-pounder, weighing I'our and a lialf hundred- 
weight ' under his arm like a tcleseopc.' ^ 

During his second sojourn in India in 1773 he had his famous adventure 
with a tiger, which he describes in a letter to his father : 

' All extract of a letter from Cai^Laiii Uuff of the East Iiulia Coinjiany's Aviillcry 
at Bengal, dated February 'iGlli, 177;i, Lo his fuUier, a gcnLleinan of (he 
county of Moray. 
'A few days ago I happened to be out on a shooting parly witli several 
gentlemen of the military and had detached myself to some consideiable dis- 
tance from tiiem, when they put up a very large tiger, who diiecled his course 
towards me. I immediately lired at him wliieh had no other effect (being small 
shot) than that of irritating him, insonmeh that he flew at me with great fury. 
I kej^t him at bay a considciable time with my fowling piece, on which was fixed 
a bayonet, as is usual in this country, when wc go a-shooting, but at last I was 
rendered very weak, occasioned by the loss of blood, having received many 
wounds in my face, arms, and several parts of my body ; and none of my com- 
panions appearing to my assistance, they having all made off, the animal made a 
furious effort, by leaping upon me, which threw me down, he immediately got 

' ForUiedelai 
Duff, G.C.B. 

i of Patrick Duff's Indian services wc are indebted to General Sir Beauchamp 


n[)i)n iiic and was ready lo tear nic in pieces, wlien I strelelied oul my liand to 
I he Min/./.le (,l my piece and nnlixed Liie i.ayonel, wilh wliieii I aimed a blow, .so 
judiciously, that I pierced his iieart. lie instaiiliy fell down dead upon nic. 1 
lielieve I may venture to observe that never was any man nearer being devoured 
by a voracious animal, tlian I was upon the above occasion. I consider my 
deliverance as an act of Providence.' * 

Another account of the same incident is to be found in the pages of 
the Gentlonan's Magazine, in the review of a book by Captain Joseph 
Eudworth, who says : 

' On being introduced to Colonel Patrick Duff then commanding the Artillery 
and presenting my credentials, he told me that a Gibraltar soldier should ever 
be treated in the Bengal artillery as if he had commenced his military career 
amongst them. " Here you dine to-day, and here shall be a plate for you, when- 
ever you please." This most excellent soldier and man was of immense strength. 
When yoiuig, and tiger hunting, he had wounded a panther, which sprang upon 
liirn, seized liim witli one claw on the cheek and the other on his breast. The 
party gave him up as lost and left him ; and while in this situation, by mere 
strength and presence of mind, he reversed his fowling piece which, having a 
bayonet, by stabbing the beast in the back laid him dead at his feet ; and 
terribly lacerated and faint from loss of blood, he presented himself to the 
Cantonment, where his death had been announced. On enquiring who were the 
people that could have left him, his answer kept pace with liis conduct, " They 
should have hred, but I will never menlion tiieir names." - 

' When I retui-ned to liuropc, he sent me some useful sea-stock, with a letter 
enclosing one to be delivered by myself only to liis brother, and to take charge 
of two country-made swords. On delivering this letter, I found his friendship 
unbounded. His brother said, " Sir, you arc most strongly recommended. My 
brother tells me you arc a soldier of fortune, and he expec;ts that you will not be 
sparing in making me your banker, for I have commands to assist you." And 
when I saw him two years after in England, he expressed himself half displeased 
at my not availing myself of his friendship.' 

I'ati'ick Duff bore the marks of the tiger's claws in his cheek to his 
dying day, and his eldest son Patrick ^va.s, curiously enough, born witli the 
same mark, though not so deep. 

James Imlach, born 1789, died 1881 (author of the History of Banff), 
in his own journal describes the awe with which the children in Banff 

1 Printed in the Scols Magazine, 1773. John Dufi must then have been staying in 

2 To illustrate how such talcs of encounters with wild beasts grow by repetition, it may be 
noted that another account of ' Tiger ' Duff's exploit says that he ' killed the tiger with a pen- 


used to view the n;in;intic vrlcraii .soUlier willi Uiis curious hollow in liis 

]ii the controversy wliieh shook England and India for so many years, 
Patrick Duff's sympathies were warmly engaged on tlie side of Warren 
Hastings, as appears from the following letter, now among the Additional 
MSS., British Museum : 

General Patrick Duff to Warren Hastings 

' Caknousik, Nn. Tuiiriff, 30 April 1795. 

' My dear Sir, — I have this moment in a letter from my brother, the agree- 
able intelligence that the Lords have decided in your favour upon every charge, 
and I beg leave most sincerely and heartily to congratulate you on the occasion 
and to assure you that none of your many friends feel more pleasure than I do, 
upon so much wished for an event. Jlay you be rewarded for having done so 
nmch for your country, and may you be recompensed for having suffered, so un- 
justly, for these 7 years past. I beg to offer my best comijlimcnts to I^Irs. 
Hastings and my sincere congratulations on the occasion. 

' Since I have hail the pleasure of seeing you, my wife lias brought me a 
daughter. I am still determined to return to Bengal if I can go out in the way 
I think I have a riglit to expect. I only expect common justice, that is not to 
be a supernumary, while a much younger and far less experienced olFieer com- 
mands the ArLillrry. I always hatl that in view, and I hope you will pardon me 
for saying that I think my services entille me to it. 

' I have the honour to be, with great esteem and respect, my dear sii', — Your 
mosL ohl. humble Serl., Patkick Uuit.' 

It must have been almost unique in those days for a man to Iiave 
accomplished the long voyage to India and back five times. 

Patrick Duff went out in 17G0 as a volunteer, at the age of eighteen ; 
returned in 1766, temporarily dismissed the ser\'iei', being then Captain- 
Lieutenant; was reinstated, went out again as Caplain in 1700; relurncd 
in 1771', having iisigncd the service ; went ouf again in 1776 to be 
reinstaled as a Major ; returned in 17SS as Colonel, the reason not stated ; 
went out again, 1790, to command the Bengal Artillery ; returned in 
1793, having been refused the permanent command ; went out finally 
in 1796 as Major-General, to supersede Colonel Pearsc in the command 
of the Bengal Artillery; finally retired, July 1799, at the age of fifty- 
seven. Died in 1803, aged sixty-one. 

All three of General Patrick Duff's sons entered the Army. Patrick 
was an Ensign in tlie 1st Boyal Scots, but died at the age of twenty-eight, 
September 14, 1825, having previously sold his father's estate of Carnousie. 
He married, in 1818, Penelope Gordon of Abcrdour, and they had three 


cliildrcn. One son Patimcic, born 1,S'21, entered the Army and I)rennie 
LientennnI in (he '-'Olli UcL;iincnl ; u (hni^dilcr Mahy, horn 1 S'2 t, married a 
Frcncliniau Jiamcd Mieliel; a seeond son William, born KS'^T), al'Lcr iiis 
father's death, died young. 

Four years after Patriek's death, his widow married again, to David 
Scott Threshie, W.S. 

The second son George, Iiorn 1799, became a Cornet in tlie 7th Dragoon 
Guards, ]\Iay 4, 1815, was transferred to the 19th Light Dragoons (Lancers) 
in 1817, and became a Captain in 1821. In that year tlie regiment was 
disbanded, and he went on half-pay. But eighteen years later he was jiro- 
moted to lie Major in the Army, and brought into tlie 93rd Highlanders 
as Regimental Captain, but witii army rank as Major. lie went on half- 
pay of tlie 90th Foot, May 13, 1S1.2, and died abroad in IS-iS. lie married 
Janet Barnes, and had one son named William, one daughter Gkace, who 
died young, and six other daughters, four of whom married : 

1. Maulv Garden', lived long at Banchory, where slie died, unmarried, 

2. Janet, in 1852 married Rev. F. II. Morgan of Cathcrington. 

3. Georgina Grace Abercuomby, married, in 1855, Christopher 
Cradock of Hartforth Hall, and her fourth son is Rear-Admiral Sir 
Christopher Cradock, R.N., who was instrumental in rescuing tlie Duke of 
Fife and family from the wreck of the Delhi in 1912. 

Her other children appear in the family tree at the beginning of the 

4. Ada Gordon, married, 1S49, G. L. Martin ; she died without issue in 
1851 in India. 

5. Jane Agnes, married, 1855, W. Garforth (one son William and one 
daughter), and afterwards the Rev. Seymour Randol])h. 

G. Dorothea Augusta, died, unmarried, at Davidson's ^Mains, near 
Edinburgh, 1909. 

Adam, the third son, became a Captain in the 1 Ith Light Dragoons, 
died in 1S3G, and is buried at St. Mary's, Islington. A memorial tablet to 
him is on the wall of this church. 

'Within these walls arc deposited the remains of Capt. Adam Gordun Duff, 
late of the 14th Liglit Dragoons, who departed this life lOtli April 1830, in the 
35th year of his age. 

' Ilis memory is endeared to his relatives and friends by the many excellent 
qualities which distinguished his character.' 

There is a shield on the tablet, bearing the arms of the Keithmore 
family, with the ' differences ' used by the Drummuir branch. 


The crest above. ' On llic wi'eutli, a dexter arm coiiped at ilie ell)0\v 
])roiKT, holdin-- in I lie hand an eseallop sliell, or,' wliicli was I lial. of I'rovosL 
William Duff of llie Wliileliill laniily, and Inter lliat ot Felleresso. Tlie 
reason oL" these arms as used by Captain Adam Duft is not clear, but Adaiu's 
uncle, Jolm, who is buried in the same church, uses the same shield and 
crest, with a crescent instead of tlic mullet gules. 

By Adam's will he left all of which he died possessed, which unfortun- 
ately was not much, to his sister Maria, with the exception of his wearing 
apparel, and ' his umbrella ' left to a favourite servant, James Mysou. 

Tiic elder daughter of 'Tiger' Duff, Margaret Sinclair, died in 1817 
in Hans Place, London, at the age of twenty-one {Scots Magazine), the 
younger, Maria (baptised Mary), married, in 1822, first, Francis Garden 
Campbell of Troup — no issue, and, secondly, on August 13, 1827, James 
Ramsay of the family of Barra. Iler daughter. Miss Mary Ramsay, 
possesses the beautiful portrait of General Patrick Duff by Ronmey, which 
is here reproduced, and Mr. Edward (Jordon Duff, great-nephew of the 
General's fu'st wife, has another portrait, ])ainte(l l)y a local artist in 

Among the Rose papers is found a ' Statement of Debt due by General 
Duff's representatives to the Trustees of Captain Alexander Robertson, 
as at date January 31, 1817 ' (cf. page 488). 

This statement says : ' A part of the estate of Captain Robertson was 
remitted from India to the late General Duff as the acting Executor, by 
Bill of 111,800, 4s.' General Duff on the apj)lication of his brother, Mr. 
James Duff, indorsed this bill, in order that IMr. James might discount it 
and receive the money. On this occasion Mr. James deposited certain 
bills amounting to between £0000 and £7000 due to himself, with the 
General, in security of the sum to be received, by him. Mr. James Duff 
afterwards failed in 1801, and General Duff died in 1803. A claim was 
made against the General's representatives for the difference between the 
Sinn in the bill remitted to the General and the sums which were received 
for the bills deposited by Mr. James Duff in security as before mentioned. 
Genera! Patrick Duff's trustees considered it tlieir duty to resist this claim 
and not to pay without the judgment of the Court. It was therefore 
arranged that the question should be tried by " an amicable suit in 
Chancery." A bill was therefore filed in ISOG, by General Duff's trustees 
praying for discharge, upon payment of the sum received for Mr. James 
Duff's bills. It was opposed by Captain Robertson's executor, who de- 
manded payment of the whole sum of £11,890, 4s., and in December 1812 
the Master of the Rolls decided in his favour. This judgment was, how- 
ever, resisted by General Duff's trustees, and another action was brought 

^ '^^ 

Crt: N'.K.FJi.:., PATRlCiC J,- U Fi'. ' i'^' j-ilP-' 



np^ainsl; tlicm in llic ('ourt, of Session, wliicli Court, in llic year 1814, round 
llicni li;il)Ic I'or tin- halanci- ol' llic bill witli intcicsl, anil costs of pro- 

One of the young Robertsons was by this time dead, but the trustee 
of the other two children raised a summons of adjudication and letters of 
horning against the General's representatives, who thereupon stated their 
present willingness to fulfil the decree of the Court and sell some of the 
landed property to pay the debt. This, liowevcr, was not done, but £3500 
towards paying the debt was somehow raised in July ISIG, and, on further 
pressure being applied. Colonel John Duff, only surviving brother of the 
General, provided over £0000 to extinguish the debt and interest thereon, 
which was effected early in the year 1817. The following letter from 
Colonel John to his nephew Patrick bears upon this matter : 

'No. ]0 SiriNKY Stiiki:t, City Uoad, 
'Lci.viioN, ith April 1818. 

' Dear Patiuck, — I have been duly favored with your IcLler of 27tli ultimo. 
Altho' you had not then got your estate handed over by Sir George Abercromby.i 
I have no doubt, whatever, that he will do so very soon ; perhaps he has done it 
before now. Pray, do not send me the particulars, nor a Cojjy of anything, as I 
know full enough about these matters already. 

' In the beginning of last year I sold out, at a disadvantage, all that I pos- 
sessed in Government funds and strained every nerve in order to save the lands 
of Carnousie, Knoekorth, and Clunie from being sequestered, and their lents 
arrested by the Creditors. My exertions at that time kept off the creditors 
from taking possession of the House and lands, and at same lime prevented the 
Accumulation of the exi)ences of a lawsuit, wiiieh would have kept the Estate 
in bondage for many years. 

' I now owe it as a duty to myself to prevent the serious inconvenience which 
would fall on me by my being disappointed of those pecuniary resources on which 
my own support so greatly depend. I am therefore led to expect that you now 
on your part will step forward to prevent me from suffering inconvenience, and 
tiiat you will be punctual in regularly paying the half-yearly interest of the Six 
Thousand five hundred pounds sterling whicli you owe me. 

'The interest of that capital Sum for one whole year is Three hundred and 
twenty-live pounds Sterling. The half-yearly interest of I he saim- Capital Sum 
is one hundred and sixty-two pounds and ten shillings sterling. This half-yearly 
Interest falls due on the eleventh day of ]\Iay, and on the fifteenth day of 
November, yearly, and each year, in conformity to the Heritable Bond which I 
hold on the lands of Carnousie, , , . 

' Guardian and trustee of General Patrick Duff's estate. 


' I beg to inform you Llial the half-yearly Interest of the Ilc-ritable Bond has 
already been paid by Sir George Abcrerombj' up to the (ifLeentli day of N(jvernber 
1817, and to no later period. Of, a holf-year's interest will fall due on 
the 11th of May 1818. That day is not now far distant ; and as any disappoint- 
ment in the receipt of the half-yearly interest would reduce me to great distress, 
I have thought it proper to give you early information. 

' The most agreeable mode to me of your periodically remitting to me the 
half-yearly interests, will be your paying the amount into the Banking Company 
at Aberdeen, of which Mr. James Brand is Cashier ; you being pleased to desire 
Mr. Brand to remit the money on my account by a draft payable to my agents, 
Jlessrs. Paxton, Cockerel, Trail and Co., Pall Mall, London. 

' About this mattir I sliall immediately address a letter to Jlr. James 

' I wish to hear from you on this subject, but I do not want any copy or 
Copies of the papers that have been made out by Jlr. Robert Rattray, and 
brought by Sir George Abereromby from Edinburgh for your signature. 

' Future circumstances will determine at what time 1 shall call for the 
principal sum of the Heritable Bond. 

' Your Brother Adam lives now with me. He left Carnousie with eighteen 
shilhng in his pocket, and not a farthing more. — I remain. Dear Patrick, Yours 
faithfully, John Duff. 

' To Patrick Duff at Carnousie.' (It.) 

In 1818, the year of this letter, young Patrick Duff, ' Tiger's ' eldest son, 
came of age, and one of his first acts seems to have been to sell the parts of 
the estate called Cluny and Knockorth. A draft letter to his uncle John, 
dated October 25, 1818, announcing this sale as liaving realised £10,700 is 
among the Rose pa])crs. Patrick adds tliat lie lias ' reserved a portion of 
the estate of Cluny in view of the windows of Carnousie.' ^ 

In 1819, Colonel John writes to Patrick : ' Being at present in great dis- 
tress for Money, I yesterday wrote to Sir George Abereromby to remit to me 
the half-year's interest of the heritable bond.' Ajiixircntly he always found 
it diUlcult to get his interest. In a postscript to his letter he adds : ' Your 
brother George is a Lieutenant since October 14 last. Since he has been 
in the 19th Lancers I have been obliged to advance on his behalf one 
thousand and sixty-nine pounds sterling ; he is totally unable to repay that 
sum, as he is still in debt to other people to the tunc of some hundred 
pounds sterling.' 

General Patrick seems to have managed to leave some money, by bond 
of provision, to his younger children, as there is a statement of accounts 

1 Patrick married, also in i8i8, as has been said, Penelope Gordon of Aberdour, grand- 
daughter of William Rose and niece of Patrick Rose. 


Ih'I.wccm lliciti and I lie InisLccs. Cvuynv and Adam racli had JiliOOO, and 
M;uj,rairL and Maria ca(-li ilT'-T.. 

VVIiilc they were quite young (at their parents' death Jlargarct was eight, 
Maria seven, Patrick six, George four, and Adam two), all live children lived 
witii Mrs. Hay,i their aunt, and £150 half-yearly was allowed for their keej), 
but four years later I'atrick was taken charge of by Sir George Abereromby, 
and for each of the remaining four children £37, ]0s. was contributed 
quarterly. In ISO'J the two little boys went to school at ' Wallace Hall,' 
and later were taught by and resided with Mr. Forbes, minister of Eoharni, 
to whom £60 a year was paid for each of them. 

The two girls apparently went in ISOS to school with the J\lisscs Mills, 
the aunts of Lord I\Iacaulay, at Clifton, Bristol (the school formerly 
kept by Hannah Jlore), where £125 per annum was paid for each of them. 
Margaret died in the year 1817 at Hans Place, London, of consumption. 
Maria, as above stated, became, first, Mrs. Garden Campbell, and, secondly, 
Mrs. Ramsay, wife of James, youngei- brother of the liaird of Barra. 
By the latter marriage she had three sons and four daughters : 

1. James. 

2. William. 
y. George. 

4. Margaret Helen, married, 1854, the Rev. C. Edgcll. 

5. Lydia, married Colonel Ncwbolt, R.A. 

6. Ada, o.s.p. 

7. i\Iary Susan. 

There is one letter (undated) from young Patrick Duff of Carnousic to 
his wife's uncle, Patrick Rose : 

' My dear Petkk, — I will be most happy to breakfast with you to-morrow, 
and I will be in by 9 o'clock. I am glad the business is likely to come to an 
End. I hear Auchintoul is to start for Banffshire — that ought to raise the price 
of the vote. I should like to write to Lord Fife before it is sold. Penelope unites 
^\■ith nie in kiutlest regards to yourself and Mrs. Rose, and believe me always to 
be, — Yours faithfully, Patrick Duff. (It). 

'CarnousiKj 5 o'clock.' 

James Duff, the eldest son of John Duff of Pitchaish, and elder brother 
of Patrick, was a partner in the firm of Gordon, Duff and Co., wine merchants, 
London and Madeira. Amongst people whom Lord Adam Gordon met in 
Madeira in 1804, when on a tour, were ' Mr. Alexander Gordon, my relation 
and kind host, and Mr. James Duff, his neplicw, in the house (of Gordon, 

Whose portrait, by Raeburn, was sold in 1912 for ;£22,26o. 


Dull and Co., AVinc I\I(rcIi;inls).' i Tic married Jane fionlnii of Cairnrield, 
and Iiad one son, .Tamks CoitnoN Duff, who I'ollowed liis fallier in tiie 
hiisiness, and two daiigiitcrs, Mary, who met lier death by falhng over 
the cliff at Banff when only sixteen, and Jane Stewart Duff, who died 
in London at the age of seventy-three, and is buried in the vaults at Kensal 
Ch-cen. After the death of his first wife, and while his children were still 
young, James Duff married again, a widow named Mrs. Anne Bradford 
(with one daughter, Aiinc Ilornc). She died in 1S07, and, according to her 
will at Somerset House, was unable to write." 

After James Duff's second marriage, his children were entirely 
brought up by the Gordons of Cairnfield and Arradoull, their mother's 

James Duff appears to have been a speculator, and failed in ISOl for a 
large amount, involving and somewhat crippling his brother General 
Patrick Duff (see above), as the following letter, now in the possession 
of Patrick's granddauglitcr, Mrs. Randolph, will show. 

General Patrick Duff, to his brother-in-law, James Scott Ilay, ' In his 
Majesty's Service,' Ceylon — dated from London, February 7, 1802, 
just a year before his death : 

' My DEAii James, — I eaiue up here Mie first of the year, on a very disagree- 
able business. You must Icnow my brotlier James has failed, and has involved 
me to a large amount of four thousand pounds, but he has also converted to his 
own use cash belonging to four orplian children which I brought home with nic 
from India and placed in his hands, as he was an executor and Guardian to the 
Children as well as me, to no less an amount than 9 thousand pounds. The 
money having come through my hands, I am obliged to pay. So that at present 
I lose £13,000. ^\'hat dividend there may be, I know not, I fear a very poor 
one, for he has been extremely imprudent and in hopes of retrieving his losses at 
Lloyd's Coffee House he has run risqnes no wise man would do, and instiad of 
gelling IjeLLer, it was, as the saying is, tiie longer the worse. The house at 
ftladeira has always been in a thriving condition, but it is not certain but his 
eoiiduct may also overset them — he owes them no less than three thousand 
pounds. ... It will be a liard stroke upon me, but I will get over it without 
[larting wilh my estate, if I only recover a third or even a fourth part of what I 
have lost, which I hope I shall, l^ut am by no means certain. At any rate, should 
it be necessary to sell my lands, I shall be able to settle my family in a very in- 
dependent manner — for I am convinced I can give Mrs. Duff the interest of 
£0000 or £8000, each of my daughlers £3000, and Uie ))oys £1500 each.' 

' From the Gentleman's Magazine, July 29, 1S07. 

= 'Died in Albion Street, Blackfriars, the wife of James Duff' (Gen'Jcman's Magazine). 


His ncl.iKi! rmnnciiil jiosilioii iil, llic dnlc of liis sudden dralli was 
iippai-ciilly sonicwliid. less sound Hum lie had linpfd {vide supra). 

Jamks GoituoN Dui'F, only son ul' James DidT, was born 1788, and 
educated at St. Paul's School, London. He married, first, Frances 
Williamson, who died 182G, and, secondly, Emma Jones, by whom he had 
two sons and four dau^ditcrs. According to his will, made in 1833, when 
he resided in 13 Ilarlcy Street, and to which he added later codicils, the 
affairs oi'thc firm, which at one time were flourishing, had suffered reverse, 
owing to change of fashion in wine. By this will he desired that his son 
should enter the business if he ' showed aptitude ' for it. Apparently the 
boy did not do so, as he entered the Bombay Civil Service, and at the time 
of his death, in 1873, was collector of Khandeesh. 

The children of James Gordon Duff were : 

1. James Adam Gordon, born 1833 ; married I'^liza Jane Blandy ; 
died without issue 1873. 

2. John, died young. 

3. Frances Elizabeth, born 183j. 

4. Emma Jane, born 1837. 

5. JMaria, born 1838 ; married Graham Blandy, and had two children. 

6. Mary Anne, born 1841 ; died unmarried, 1878, and is buried in 

William, the third or fourtli son of John Duff of Pitchnish became an 
Ensign in the Bengal Service in 1777 ; Colonel, 1S03. He was killed at the 
siege of Kamourah, December 1807, the news being received in England 
1808. The Gentleman s Magazine, April 1808, says : ' Despatches received 
from Calcutta (dated Dee. 8), announce the capture of the Fort of Kits- 
more (Kamourah), near Alleghur, on the 24th November by assault after 
a month's siege. Among the killed. Colonel William Duff.' 

The administration of the property of Colonel William was granted in 
1809 to 'his only brother and relative, John Duff (Registers, Somerset 

J(inx became a cadet in the Indian Army in 1779, rose to the rank of 
Colonel, and retired in 1807. He dietl in Sidney Street, City lload, London, 
in 1828, having had one daughter Mary (married to James Gibbon in 1807), 
who predeceased him. His will is dated 1813, and in it he leaves all his 
property to Jlrs. Lydia Ward, widow of a carjienter, ' who had tended him 
in illness,' apparently his housekeeper, charged with annuities for their re- 
spective lives to his sister Margaret, his reputed nephew John (see below), 
his niece Jane Stewart Duff (daughter of James), and ' Mrs. Ann Home, 
daughter to Mrs. Bradford, who in her second married life was wife to 
my brother James.' He also desires that the tomb of his daughter Mary, 


in Dawlisli, Devon, be kept in repair, and the railings painted occasionally.^ 
On this tomb is tiic ruUowing inscription : 

' Sachici) to the memory ov 

the only child of Lieut. Colonel John Duff of the Bengal Establishment and 
wife of Mr. James Gibbon of London. Thirteen months after her marriage 
slie was obliged by bad health to leave her husband's residence, and continued 
suffering nmch in mind and body for upwards of six months at Dawlisli. At 
last with Christian fortitude and resignation, in the arms of her disconsolate 
Father, she departed from this transitory world on the twenty-second day of 
May in the year of our Redeemer 1809, aged 25 years. ' 

Colonel John Duff left a small house at Aldcnham, near Bushey, to Mrs. 
Ward, at whose death it passed to iiis niece, Mrs. Ramsay. 

Robert, the remaining son, wlio may have been older tlian tlie two last 
named, was also a partner in the firm of wine merchants ; he died un- 
married, in 1807, and left, as has been said, annuities to his sisters, £500 each 
to the two natural sons of his brother Patrick,- £500 each to the two natural 
children of his partner James Gordon in Madeira, and the rest to his nephew 
James Gordon Duff and Iiis niece Jane Stewart Duff. 

' Somerset House. 

- According to his brother Robert's will (above), dated 1807, General Patrick's two natural 
sons were named Wdliam and John. William became an indigo planter, marrierl, and had a 
large family. He was at one time in England. 

In the will of Patrick's brother John, dated 1813 (but not proved till his death in 182S), a 
small annuity is also left ' to my reputed nephew John Duff, reputed son of my brother Patrick, 
who has recently sailed for Jamaica.' 

The Induin Registers show that General Patrick Duff had two other sons : 

' 1782, David Urquhart, son of Lt.-Col. Patrick Dutf, command^ of the Bengal Artillery, 
baptised September 24.' 

' 1783, Kenneth John, son of the same, bapti.sed December 13.' 

NoUiing furllicr is known o( cither of them. 

.{. i ) 





Alexander Duff of Braco, as has already been seen (chapter vii.) had, 
besides liis son William, who died 171S, four daughters, one of whom died 
young. Margaret, the eldest, born 1679, married, November 15, 1694, 
when only fifteen, Charles Gordon of Glcngcrack,i and had the followino- 
children (baptisms taken from the Kciili Registers) : 

Margaret, baptised February 6, 1696. 

Alexander, 1698 (succeeded to Glengerack). 

William, 1699 (succeeded). 

Katherinc, 1701, died young. 

Jean, 1702, died young. 

Janet, 1703, died young. 

John, 1705, died young. 

Katherinc, 1706 ; married George Gordon of Birkenbush. 

* Glengerack is a small property situated about one and a half miles from Keith, near the 
New Mill. Charles Gordon was one of the jury appointed to try Mamherson the freebooter in 
1700 (Chronicles of Keith, Rev. J. S. Stuart). 


Mary, 1707. 

Helen, 1700. 

George, 1710, who took sasinc in the lands of Glcngerack in 17-17, and 
shortly afterwards sold them to William, Lord Craeo.' 

Magdalen, 1712 ; married the Rev. George Grant of Boharm {Grange 

Charles Gordon was ' ont ' in 1715,- and after his death iVIargaret 
Duff, Lady Glengerack, married again, James Ogilvic, Collector of Exeise, 
Aberdeen, December 22, 1718, and had one daughter Anne, born 1720, 
married Ludovick Grant, Wester Elchics {Keith Registers). 

Jlargaret Duff's eldest son Alexander succeeded early to the property, 
and was in 171G, being then only eighteen years of age, one of the sixteen 
Jieritors of Banffshire. Lie married, in 1721, at Inehdrewer, Jean Helen 
Ogilvic, Lady Banif. He was a Major in the Army and fell at the battle 
of Fontenoy, 1715. He left no children, and was succeeded by his next 
brother William, who was in embarrassed circumstances, and for this 
reason was for some time in sanctuary in the Abbey of Ilolyrood.'' 

He died in 1717, and was succeeded by his brother George, the fourth 
son, who sold the property, and in 1748 IMargaret and ftlagdalen were dis- 
cerned heirs to him, all the intervening daughters presumably being dead ; 
and these two must have died without issue, for the succession, as ' heirs 
of line,' to the property of Eden, bought by Alexander Duff of Braco, 
and belonging to William Duff of Braco and his daughter, jiassed to the 
descendants of Llelen, second daughter of Alexander. 

Helen Duff married William Gordon, third of Farskane, a small pro- 
perty near CuUen which was of some importance in those days, as the 
family is frequently mentioned. The house is still inhabited ; it is now 
Seaficld property, l)ut the old arms of the Erasers are on the wall of the 
house, with date 1G77. 

Helen had three sons and three daughters : 

William, fourth and last of Farskane, who sold the estate to Lord Find- 
later and went as a merchant to Norway. 

Archibald, married Inncs of Edingight. 

James, married Jane Smith of Dundee. 

And three daughters, Margaret, ElsjDct, and Mary. 

1 The writs relating to these lands are all among the Duff House charters. 

2 William Duff of Dipple writes from Elghi in April 1714 to the Lady Glcngerack : ' Affec- 
TIONAT Niece, — I have disposed of the meal I bought from you to our cousine John Duff in 
Aberdeen. — Your affec. Uncle and humble servant, \Vm. Duff.' 

^ Lady Glengerack asked for pecuniary assistance from her sister-in-law Helen, Lady 
Braco, in 1726. 


IIKLKNIJUFF, KCC(,ria,laugl 

liter of Ai.KiANi 
-.1 of Far.kane, 


,1'K Dun o,.. l!„Aco, m. -William <;., 


William, fourtl. Aicl,ii;al.l, 
anJlast m. - - Iiiuus. 
of I'arskaue, 1 1 
m. Margaret | | 
Duff of Ciombie. William, M.D., 
Sold Farskane, o.s.p. V 
iriilJ. .James, a sailor. 


m. J. Smith 


Janet, m. 

'rovostDutf, Jr. 

1 ~ " ""'1 

Margaret, Ulspet, 

m. Joliii Duff m. Stewart 

of Elgin (./.,^). of Lesmurdie. 

1 1 
Nine children. Jane, 

m. Archibald 


AVilliam Duff, b. 1735, merclia: 
in Norway. Succeodeil to 
I'Mcii ill 1703, diotl ISIL'. 

ut John, 

1 1 
.lean, Margar 
m. .lame.iMiln. m. W. Du 
1 in I'orta 




Margaret Mi 
eedcd to Eden, 

In Duff, 

m. John Orant. 

The following extract IVoni a letter, of date 1791, from Archibald Duff of 
Bilbohall, grandson of Patrick Duff of Craigston, gives the connections of 
the family, but Archibald was mistaken in thinking that the descendants 
of Archibald Gordon would succeed to Eden ; this property remained in the 
family of William, the elder brother : 

' Bilbohall. 

' To William Rose, Montcoffer. 

'I think I should know Faskine's descendants well. By Brace's second 
daughter they had three sons and three daughters. ^ViIliaIn the eldest sold 
the estate to Lord Findlater, and went over as a merchant to Norway. lie 
married William Duff of Crombie's eldest daughter, who you surely remember 
after her husband's death. She lived long in Banff, and afterwards in Portsoy, 
and died the other year.' They had two sons and two daughters. The 
eldest, William, continued his father's business as a merchant in Norway, but 
afterwards came o\er to Ireland, and is still alive in Sligo in Ireland ; was 
never married, lie sold the lands of Nether Buckie to his brother-in-law, 
William Dunbar, merchant in Portsoy. John, second son, died a very young 
lad, and was never married. The eldest daughter Jean, was married to James 
Miln, then a merchant in Banff. They afterwards went over to Norway where 
she died, and James IMiln still resides there. There was and is issue of 
that marriage ; Mrs. Stewart,- in Banff, the mother of James Miln, can tell 
you all about them. Margaret the second daughter married William Dunbar, 
merchant in Portsoy. She died and left several sons and daughters. Mr. 
Dunbar is still alive. The second son of Faskine by Helen Duff, Archibald, 
married a daughter of Edingeith's, by whom he had two sons — William and 
James. AVilliam, the eldest, was bred a doctor at Elgin. lie went abroad 
and died, and was never married. James was bred a sailor, and was married, 
but of what name, country or family his wife was I never heard. They bid 
' i.e 1789, aged eighty-nine. ' She had married again and lived until 1803. 

VOL. II. 2 A 


fair to succeed Lnd}' Udney in Iden {i.e. YAcn). Faskine's eldest daugliter, 
Margaret, was my mother. Elspet, his second daugliter, was my wife's 
mother; and Mary, the third daughter, was the mother of Lcuchars and old 
Robert Innes's daughter. James, Faskine's third son by Helen Duff, was the 
father of Janet Gordon, Provost Duff's wife, who was his only child, by a 
tlaughter of Smith of Smithficlds, a merchant in Dundee.' 

On the death of Mrs. Udny Duff, on March 27, 1793, William, tlie eldest 
son of William Gordon, fourth and last of Farskanc (and his wife jMargaret 
Duff of Crombie), and grandson of Helen Duff who married William, third 
of Farskanc, succeeded his father's first cousin in the estate of Eden ; his 
great-uncle William Duff of Braco having, in 1713, executed a deed of 
entail in favour of his ' heirs male and female ' as regarded this property, 
wliile the lands of Braco, etc., went to his heir-male, who was his uncle. 

Beyond the information contained in vVrchibald of Bilbohall's letter, 
nothing is known about William (Gordon) Duff of Eden. He never 
married, nor apparently resided at Eden ; he died ' at his house in Portsoy 
on the 19th June 1812, in his 87th year.' He had restored the old burying- 
ground of the Farskane family in the churchyard of Rathven, and Iiis name, 
as restorer, appears upon the stone, with date 1799, but it is not known 
whether he was himself buried there or not. 

He was succeeded by Margaret, daughter of his eldest sister Jean, who 
had married James Jliln, grandson of James Duff of Corsindae. This 
Margaret Miln was fifty-five at the time of succeeding, ' a handsome and 
accomplished woman.' She had been married many years before to John 
Grant of Kincardine O'Ncil (died 1799), by whom she had had a large 
i'amily : 

1. Margaret, born 1777; married, 1813, James Allen; died 1818; buried 
in Banff. 

2. Jane, born 1778 ; died unmarried, in 1857 ; buried in Banff. 

3. Helen, born 1781 ; married, first, Duncan ; secondly. Colonel 

Grant of Woodside, Elgin. 

4. James, born 1789, of whom presently. 

5. Thomas, died unmarried. 

G. Elizabeth, married Rev. Alexander Walker of Elgin and Urquhart, 
one of whose sons married one of the Duffs of Elgin (see chapter xxix.), and 
another married one of the Gordons of Park (see chapter xxv.). 

Mrs. Margaret Miln Grant assumed the name of Duff (from her great- 
grandmother and great-grand-uncle), and went to reside at Eden, where she 
died and was buried in 1824. Her grave bears the following inscription : 

' In the hope of a blessed resurrection, here rest the remains of Mrs. Grant 


Duff of Kddi, rclicL of John Grant, Esq., of Kincardiiu' O'Nril, first resident 
proprietor iind tliird possessor of the estate of lOdcn niidir an entail executed 
by her grand-uncle William Duff, Esq. of JSraco. a.d. I71;!, in favour fit liis 
heirs male and female, died at Eden, L'Olh Au^^. 182 t, a-.d (17.' 

She was succeeded by her eldest son, known later as James 
CuNiNGiiAME Grant Duff. He was born in Banff on July 8, 1789, and 
his father having died in 1799, liis mother removed to Aberdeen for his 
education (Marischal College). He was destined for the East India 
Company's Civil Service, but too impatient to wait for a cadctship, he sailed 
for l^ombay in 1805. On his way to India he was wrecked off Cape St. 
Koque in Brazil, and had the misfortune to lose everything that he pos- 
sessed, including all his family papers. He was next present at the taking 
of the Cape of Good Hope by the expedition under Baird in 180G, where 
his patriotism was stirred by seeing three Highland regiments leap to their 
feet and advance to the strains of ' the Rothiemurehus rant.' ' On 
April 23, 1807, he obtained a commission as Ensign in the 1st Bombay 
Grenadiers, and was present in 1808 at the storming of Maliah, and subse- 
quently at the battle of Kirkee and the operations against the Paishwa 
Bajee Rao. He was a Lieutenant in 1811, and shortly after was made 
Adjutant and interpreter to the regiment, which preferment nearly involved 
him in a duel with a brother officer. Later, he became the assistant and 
devoted friend of Mountstuart Elphinstone, who recognised his great 
power of managing the natives, and, in 1818, while Grant was only a 
Captain, appointed him to be First Resident of Sattara, in the heart of 
the Mahratta country, where by his personal influence, and with only one 
European companion, he maintained peace and order. He also acted as 
tutor to the Rajah, and by his skilful management reorganised the ex- 
hausted revenues, and restored prosperity to the country. After five 
and a half years of these arduous labours his health gave way, and in 1822 
he returned to Scotland, where he devoted himself to compiling his great 
work on the history of the Mahrattas, published 1826. On his mother's 
death in 1824 he succeeded to the estate of Eden and assumed the name 
of Duff. He occupied himself with agriculture, cattle breeding, and 
planting — the hedges he planted being still a feature of the neighbourhood. 
In the year 1827 he retired from the Hon. East India Company's service, 
and married Jane Catherine, only daughter of Sir Whitelaw Ainslie, M.D. 
(compiler of the ]\fatcria Mcdica of India), and twenty-five years later. 

1 Here, too, he luul anoUier haivbrcidlli csca]io from drowning, a boatful of soldiers beinp 
upset, and Grant only saved himself by the skill in swimming he had acquired in his early days 
in Banff. 


slic succeeding also to an estate in Fifcsliire, from litr niollier's family, the 
additional surname of Cunin"hanic was inserlc-d Inforc tlic (Inint.' 


OF- BiiAio, 1652-170!), rn. Margaret Gordon of I.esmoir. 

m. Gordon of Glengerack. m. 

Thirteen children, 
all o.^.p. 

"1 1 1 

Helen, Mary. -Will lain of liraco, 
ciVc«l«81, circa V;S^. HW;V171S. 
Gordon of Farskane, m. Ahercroinhy 1 
died 1735. of Tilliebody. | 


■William, fourth and ArcliihaUl, 
lant of Farskanc, m. — Imu's. 

ni. I\[argaret 
Duff of Crombic. 


,Tame3, !\Iaigaret, VAspeU Mary, 
m. J. Smith m. John Dulf m. Stewart m. Rohert Iniiex 
of Dundee. of I',l«iii. <.f l..smurdi... of l.euehars. 

William, merchant in Xorwav, 


Succeeded to Eden ITllii, 


1 1 1 
John, Jean, Jlar^-aret, 
o.s.p. m. Jame.. Milii. 1.1. W. Duuhar. 

Margaret Mil 

n Duff, m. John Grant of Kincardine O'Ncil. 


Margaret, Jane, Helen. James Cuninghanic Grant Duff, Thomas, lOlizabelli. 
1777. 1778. 1781, 178'J, o.s.p. m. Rev. A. 
m. J. Allen. m., — Duncan ; m. Jane 0. Ainfllie. 'Walker, 
sccon.lly, Col. Grant. 1 

1 1 
James, Marv Ciminghame, 
o.s.p. u.s.r. 

MountstuartE., Margaret, Ainslie Dougla.x, Alice .lane, 
IS-Jy-UWO, 0.5.).. m. F. Morgan. m. G. Ol.rist. 
Anna Julia Weh.ster. Sec liclow («). 


Toan, T'l.sula Neill, Sliiela, Kre.lerick, Konr:idiii, Anne, 

1907. Fiona, iiiii). v.nx i,s;ii;. iS'.is. i:"i'.(. 


{a) Aiualic Douglas Grant Duff (now Ainslie), I808, m. F. Moigan. 

I """I I I I 

Douglas, I'ercival, Julian, Edith F. (Rachel), Edward, 

18U.5. 18C7. 1870. 1S73. 1S71-1878. 

' Sir Whitelaw Ainslie, who died in 1827, aged seventy, is buried in the Grant Dulf burying- 
pround at King Edward, with his wife, Mary, died 18.10, daughter of James Cuninghame of 
ISalbogie, Colonel of the Scots Brigade in the service of llie United Provinces. Robert Ainslie, 
the friend of Burns, and his brother Whitelaw married two Cuninghame sisters, but Whitelaw's 
wife, Mary, was the elder, and through her the ])ropcrly of Balbogie came into the Ainslie family 
and thus to the Grant Dulfs. Sir JMountstuart E. Grant Duff sold this property to Hamilton 
Duncan Mercer Henderson. 


James Cuningliamc Grant Duff died September 23, 1858. His 
grandson, Arthur Grant Duff, jiossesses a line jjortrait of iiim, and 
tliere are three eopies of a miniature of him in the uniform of the 
Bombay Grenadiers, of which the original is in the liands of Lady Grant 
Duff, and the two copies in those of Mrs. Huth Jackson and AinsHe 
Douglas Ainslie. 

Mrs. Cuningliame Grant Duff died in London, May 1, 18G6, aged sixty- 
five. They had the following children : 

1. James, died in infancy. 

2. ]\Iaiiy Cuningkamk, born 1828, and died at tlie age of sevenlecn, to 
the great grief of the family. 

3. IMouNTSTUART Elpiiinstone, 1829. 

■1. Margahet, born 1833, died 1835 ; buried at King Edward. 

5. Ainslie Douglas, 1838. 

6. Alice Jane, married, in 1859, Gaspar Obrist of Zurich, and had two 

Sir MouNTSTUART Grant Duff was educated at the Edinburgh Academy 
and Balliol College, Oxford, of which he was B.A. in 1850, M.A. 1853. He 
was called to the Bar at the Inner Temple (after gaining a studentship 
offered for competition by the United Inns of Court), and in 1857 he 
was elected Liberal member for the Elgin Burghs, for which constituency 
he continued to sit for twenty-four years. He was Under Secretary of 
State from 18GS to 1874, and Under Secretary for the Colonies from 1880 
to 18S1. In the former year he was made Privy Councillor. In 1881 he 
resigned his seat in the House of Commons on his appointment to the 
Governorship of Jladras, which he ably administered for five years, making 
several tours throughout the whole district. Towards the end of his tenure 
of office he received the Grand Cross of the Star of India. After his return 
from India he eschewed political life and occupied himself with literary 
and scientific pursuits. For some years he lived in London and at York 
House, Twickenham, which he had purchased from the Comte dc Paris after 
parting with Eden in 1875, but ten years before his death he sold York 
House back to the Oi'leans family, and bought a small estate near 

He was a Fellow of the Royal Society, President of the Royal 
Geographical Society 1889-1893, and of the Royal Historical Society 

He was Lord Rector of Aberdeen University from ISGO to 1872, and was 
one of the most distinguished men of letters the Duff family has produced. 
Among his published works were Studies in European Politics, Memoir of 
Sir Henry Maine, Life of Ernest Eenan, Miscellanies Political and Literary, 


and Notes from a Diary, in over a dozen volumes, in which are to be found 
iiuiny interesting reminiscences of the period. 

He married, in 1859, yVnna Juha, daughter of Edward Webster, of tlie 
North liodge, Ealing, and Sturston, Derbyshire, by Hannah, daughter of 
Richard Ainsworth of Smithville Hall and Moss Bank, County Lancaster, 
and had ten children : 

1. Julian Cuninghame, 1860, died young. 

2. Arthur Cuninghame, 1861 ; entered the Diplomatic Service in 
1885; was Charge-d'affaires, Caracas, 1900-1901, Mexico, 1908-1901, Darm- 
stadt and Carlsruhc, 1900 ; I\Iinister-Rcsident, Havana, 1906 ; now British 
Minister in Dresden. Married, in 1906, Kathleen, younger daughter 
of General Powell Clayton, sometime United States Ambassador to 

3. Evelyn Mountstuart, born 1863 ; entered the Diplomatic 
Service, 1888; was Charge-d'affaires, Teheran, in 190.4 and 1905-1906; 
IMinister-Resident, 1910 ; Consul-General, Budapest, 1911 ; now Minister 
at Berne ; C.M.G., 1911. Married, 1900, Edith F. Bonham, elder daughter 
of Sir George Bonham, Bt. 

4. Mary, born 1806, died 1867. 

5. Adrian, born 1869; Major in the Black Watch, 42nd Royal High- 
landers; has served on the North- West Frontier of India, 1897-1898, and 
has the medal and clasp. In South Africa, 1902, Queen's medal and 
three clasps ; Staff College, 1903-1904 ; General Staff, War Office, 1905- 
1909 ; Assistant Secretary, Committee of Imperial Defence, 1910-1913 ; 
C.B., 1913. Married, in 1906, the Hon. Ursula Lubbock, fourth daughter 
of first Lord Avebury, and has Jean, born 1907; Ursula Fiona, born 
1908 ; Neill Adrian Mountstuart, born 1910 ; and Shiela, born May 11, 

6. Clara, born 1870 ; married, 1895, Rt. Hon. F. Huth Jackson, and 
has Frederick Huth, born 1896 ; Konradin Huth, born 1898 ; Anne Marie 
Huth, born 1909 ; Clare Huth, born 1912. 

7. Hampden, born 1874 ; Lieutenant R.N. ; retired 1910. 

8. Victoria Adelaide Alexandra, 1876. 

9. Lily Ermengarde Fanny, 1880 ; married Hon. Gerard Collier, 
second son of second Lord Monkswell. 

10. IsEULT Frederica, 1882 ; now in India. 

Sir Mountstuart died January 1906, and is buried in Elgin Cathedral. 

Ainslie Douglas was educated at Balliol College, Oxford, and was for 
some time in the Diplomatic Service. He married Fanny, daughter of 
E. J. Morgan of St. Petersburg, and has had five children : 

Douglas, born 1865 ; educated at Eton and Balliol College, 


FroiiL -photLH/T-ctph Ln/ i:Ul"r,e I'ry. 


Oxford. Author of Escarlamonde, John of Damnscua, The Epic of the 
Stewarts, etc. 

Percival, born 1867, died 1890 ; married Beatrice Erabazon-Moorc, 
and left one daughter, Eileen Rachel, married, 1912, Tristram Beresibrd, 

Julian, born 1S70 ; married Florence Elphinstone, daughter of Sir 
Nicholas Elphinstone, Bt., Hereditary Cupbearer to the Kings of Scot- 
land, ^ by whom he had two daughters, Stella (1894) and Alix (1895) ; 
and, secondly, Juliet, second daughter of Mrs. jMolesworth, by whom he 
has one daughter Cynthia, born 1900. 

Edith Fanny (Rachel), 1873. 

Edward, 1874-1S7S. 

i\Ir. Ainslie Douglas Grant Duff assumed, in 1866, in accordance with his 
mother's will, the surname of Ainslie (dropping that of Grant Duff), and his 
children, except his eldest son, were all born to that name, which is still 
retained by the sons.^ His daughter, however, is now known as iMiss 
Grant Dull'. 

In 1803, the estate and castle of Delgaty had been purchased from Lord 
Fife by the trustees of the late Douglas Ainslie, younger brother of Robert 
and Wliitelaw, and made over to his niece, Mrs. Grant Duff. At her death, 
in 1860, it passed to her younger son. 

Delgaty Castle had been for three and a half centuries the property of 
the Hays of Erroll, who sold it in 1702 to Peter Garden of Troup. Garden's 
son resold it in 1798 to James, second Earl Fife, whose nephew, General 
Alexander Duff, and his son James, afterwards fifth Earl, long resided there. 
The oldest part of the castle dates from the early sixteenth century or 
possibly earlier. The kecji is exceptionally fine, and measures sixty-six feet 
from the battlements to the ground. 

Mary, third daughter of Alexander Duff of Braco and Margaret Gordon 
of Lesmoir, married Alexander Abercromby of Tilliebody, County 
Clackmannan. He was a cadet of the family of Birkenbog,^ between 
whom and the Duffs there were many connections by marriage. They had 
three sons, George, who succeeded to Tilliebody, James of Brucefield, M.P. 
for Clackmannan, and Alexander ; and two daughters, Helen, who married 
her cousin Sir Robert Abercromby of Birkenbog, and Margaret, died un- 

' As a fact he did not establish his claims. 
' The third son uses the form Grant Duff Ainslie. 

' The estate of Tilliebody (now TuUybody) having been inherited from the family of 
Abercromby of Skeith. 

^h ' :r^ 


George Abcrcroinby of Tilliebody, who married Mary Dundas, had 
eight children, among whom was the famous Sir Ralph Abercromby, killed 
at Alexandria, 1801, at the age of sixty-seven. 

Other sons were Robert and James, both in the Army. 

The following letter from George to his son Ralph is interesting. Lewis 
Duff was also at Cambridge. He seems to have been allowed exceptional 
educational advantages. (See chapter x.). 

■ ' ' KiNcouTH IN Murray, Sfpt. 18, 1754. 

' D. Ralph, — This will be delivered to you by Mr. Lewes Uuff, JMy Lord 
Braccos son and when I have named him, this I know will be inducement suffi- 
cient to engage you to see him settled in a proper house and entered to such 
colleges as shall be found fit for him and that according to the progress he has 
made, you will concert with him what books are proper for him to read, and in a 
word that you will in everything behave as one friend — who is a little more 
advanced in years ' and studies — to another. You know how agreeable this M'ill 
be to all Mr. Duffs relations, and in particular to, D. Ralph, Your most affec- 
tionate Father, Geo. Abercromby. 

' To Ralph Abercromby, Esq., Student in Law at Leipsick.' (Z>.) 

ULinj Duff, Mrs. Abercromby of Tilliebody, to her mother, widozv of 
Alexander of Braeu 

'Ki.R., 23 Jany. 1721. 

' Dear Mother, — I long to hear from you. I have not heard from you sine 
David farquhar cam up. This hes ben a winter of wery unconstant wader. I 
long Lo hear how ye have kiped your health, ther is many daying hear. I am 
soray to hear the Collector - my Sisters husband is so ill and my sister farsken is 
grouen worss. Lett me know when ye wrett hou they are. I disen, God willing, 
to levc this place the next week, and I am to board Gorg till the Collcdg rise. Dear 
Moather I wold reeonunend mester William ^ your Brother to you, he is in a 
very sterving condition. I have supplied him scvcrell tims this winter and I think 
it is a Christoun doutay in you to bestow sumthing on him, your bouels of 
Cheraty is not shut up to strangers and sertenly ye have a far greter call to give 
to your ouen brother. My husband and Gorge gives ther humbell services to 

' Ralph was then twenty, and Lewis seventeen. 

• James Ogilvie, second husband of Margaret Duff. 

' William Gordon, second son of Sir William Gordon of Lesmoir, lived at Balcomie, in Fife. 
He was King's Solicitor to James vii. in Scolland, and raised a regiment of a thousand men for 
tlie King's service. After the accession of King William ni. his estate was forfeited, and he 
hunself niiucd and imprisoned for debt. (Bulloch's House of Goydoii.) 

'i.-'X .'Of^ 



you and so douelli, Dear IMolhcr, Your loving and affcctionnt dauthcr and 
lniiHl)IcMi-vriil, Mary Duit.' ' {I).) 

' The above Mary is one of the few Duffs bearing that Christian name wlio have lived to 
grow up. 

The combination o£ Mary and DuS has otherwise been unlucky. 
Alexander DuS, Kcithmorc, 1623, had a daughter Mary, married Fraser and Tulloch. 

married Baillie of Dunane. 
married Abercromby of Glassaugh. 

married Gordon of Ardmealhe. 
married Abercromby of TilUebody. 
died young. 

married Leslie of Melross. 
died young. 

married Robert Cockburn. 
married Campbell of Delnies. 
died young. 

William Duff of Inverness, 1632, ,, ,, 

William Duff of Dipple, 

(And another who died young.) 
James Duff of Cronibie, ,, ,, 

Alexander Duff of Braco, ,, ,, 

Alexander Duff, third Earl Fife, ,, 
James Duff, fifth Earl Fife, 
Patrick Duff of Craigston, 
James Duff of Craigston, ,, ,, 

Colonel Robert WiUiam Duff, 
Thomas Fraser Duff, ,, ,, 

Adam Duff of Woodcote, ,, ,, 

Robert Wilham Duff, 

Garden Alexander Duff of Hatton, ,, ,, 

Colonel James Duff, 
Captain George Duff, R.N., 
Alexander Duff, third of Hatton, ,, ,, 

Alexander Duff of Drummuir, ,, ,, 

Alexander Duff of Davidston, 
Lachlan Duff of Drummuir, 
William Duff of Muirtown, ,, 

Alexander Duff of Muirtown, ,, ,, ,, ,, 

William Duff of Grange, ,, ,, ,, ,, 

Hugh Robert Duff of Muirtown, ,, ,, „ ,, 

James Duff of Madeira, ,, ,, ,, ,, 

James Duff of Banff, „ „ „ 

James C. Grant Duff, „ ,, ,, „ 

Sir Mountstuart Grant Duff, „ ,, ,, ,, 


James Duff of Bruntyards had two daughters named Mary, „ 
William I5uff, minister of Foveran, had a daughter Mary, died 
Colonel Jolin Duff (' Tiger's 'brotlier), „ „ „ „ „ 

Patrick DutT, younger of Carnousie, ,, ,, ,, ,, >> 

James Gordon Duff of Dcvonport St., „ „ died young. 

Dr. George Duff of Elgin, ,, ,, ,, ,, „ 

Patrick Duff, second Town Clerk of 

the name at Elgin, „ „ ,, » >> 

Archibald Duff of Abordoon, 

Thomas Duff of Abcrlour, ,, ,, ,, ,, ,, 

Archibald Duff, Toronto, ,, „ ,, ,, „ 

Robert Duff, Britisli Guiana, 

Of the above forty-two Duffs christened Mary, thirty-four have died young. 

after marriage. 



THOMAS WIIARTON, 1735-181G, m. first, Judith Masscy ; m. secondly, Henrietta 
Maokcuzie ; m. third, 1774, Lady Bojihia DiilF, 1740-1S2G. 

Sophia nenrictta, Alexander T., Anne Jane, Jemima, 

1810-1829, 1811-1871, 1S13-19U1, 1815-181G, 

o.s.p. o.s.p. o.s.i>. m. J. K. Tod. 

Anne Helen, John Wharton (now Duff), 

1843. 1845, 

See below (a). m. Margaret Mackenzie of Dolphinton. 

M. AVilhelmina, John Robert, 

1870, 1871. 

m. J. II. Millar. 

Eva Jemima, Charles Kirkpatrick, Helen Alice, Isobel G., 

1873, 1873. 1S77. 1883. 

V. Noel Paton. Ella Hope, 

(a) Anno Helen, 1843, m. Edward Chancellor of Shieldhill. 

cmimaHclen, Richard, John Robert, K.C.M.G., Arthur, 

18158, 18G9, 1870, 1872. 

a. J. I'itman. m. M. Rasca. m. E. Thompnou. 

■\V. Mosman. 

l./'.DY SOPHl/v Vai,\F:T( 

Jiy WiUuijH ^V./.-y£, 



The family of Orton must be said to begin with the delightful Artlun- Duff, 
youngest son of the fh'st Lord Fife, to whom his father left this piojji li / 
(see chapter x.). At liis death, in 1805, he left the estate to his nephew, 
Richard Wharton (son of Lady Sophia, his fifth sister, and Thomas Wharton, 
Commissioner of Excise), who then assumed the additional name of Duff. 
Thomas Wharton, who was born in October 1735, had already been 
married twice. His first wife, Judith Massey, left him three sons (who do 
not come within the scope of this history) ; his second was Henrietta 
Mackenzie of Coul, who only lived a year, and had one child, Mally, who 
died an infant, and is buried in the family tomb at Restalrig, near Edin- 
burgh, lie was verging on forty when he married his third wife. Lady 
Sophia Henrietta Duff, who was then thirty-four. They had in all 
seven children. Arthur, born in 1775, ' a promising boy,' who died at 
Rothieniay in 1787, at the same time as his cousin Fan, possibly of some 
epidemic. In 1777 there was another infant who died young. Sophia 
herself makes allusion to the difiiculty of nursing the child while in constant 
attendance upon her husband, who was a most ' exigcant ' invalid. And 
Lady Fife writes to Arthur : 

' Mr. Wharton is still in bed, unless it be when he rises to have it made. 
They have sweated him and physick him enough to kill a horse. lie is one of 
the most passionate temper that ever I saw. I am afraid that he fret himself 
into a fever. Much do I sympathise with poor Sophia. She is almost wore out 
attending him.' 

The third child was Jane, born 1778, and died unmarried, aged forty- 
three, in 1821. William, born 1779, and died the following year. Twin 
daughters in 1781, of whom one died, and the other, Mary, became the 
wife of Daniel Buller in 1811 (it is said she eloped with him). They had no 
children, and she died at Brighton in 18G9. The youngest of this family was 
the above-mentioned Richard, born in 1782, who succeeded his uncle Arthur 
in his office of Commissioner of Excise, as well as in the estate of Orton. 

He married, in 1800, his own first cousin, Lady Anne, daughter of his 
uncle Alexander, who had, a few months previously, succeeded to the title 
and estates of the earldom of Fife. She was a year older than himself, 
and died in Edinburgh of typhus fever, in the same day as her eldest 
daughter Sophia, a beautiful girl of nineteen, who succumbed to the same 
disease, February 1829.1 

Lady Anne only survived her mother-in-law. Lady Sophia, by three years. 

Richard Wharton died June 8, 1SG2, aged eighty. He was educated 

' There is a note anioug the Duff House papers, 1829 : ' Deaths of Lady Anne and her 
daughter Miss Sophia Duff. Funeral to leave Edinburgh 2d Feb. 1S29, and expected to arrive 
at Duii House on Sat. morning 7th Feb. Wines at the funeral only (z or /3, as former scenes 
to be avoided. The bodies were interred in the mausoleum at Orton.' 

1 : fi- b' ' 


at the Edinburgh High Scliool, and resided cliiefly in Edin1)urgli until, the 
Board of Excise moving lo Eondon, liis olliee ofconi])! roller ecased lo exisL. 
I le was also a trustee ofthe Eil'c estates. Aeeordiiig to the AidiikiI Rc^itilcr, 
' he was a model landed proprietor with a passion I'or arboriculture.' 
His children were : 

1. Sophia, born 1810, died 1829. 

2. Alexander Tho.mas, born 1811. A Captain in the Gordon High- 
landers, who succeeded to the estate of Orton, where he latterly lived the 
life of a hermit. He never married, and died January 15, 1871. He was 
a great linguist, speaking, it is said, eight languages, and in his youth 
travelled much abroad. Some extracts from his letters are here given : 

' CONSEIIVATIVK ClA'D, LoNDON, 20 Almj 1848. 

' My dear Father, — Inglis called upon me to-day with the lease, assigning 
over Balmoral to Prince Albert. As the risk and annoyance likely to result from 
the transaction seemed to me to be pretty well guarded against by the insertion 
of a clause to the effect that the Trustees were not to be held liable for any claim 
on account of additional buildings, I signed the lease, the General and I being 
the only two Trustees in London. There is also another clause providing that 
should the Prince wish to throw up the lease, we (the Trustees), were to have the 
first offer. Inglis told me that he was to write to you to-day and to send you a 
copy of the two clauses above mentioned.' 

' Hotel AIkl'iiice, Uce de Rivoli, 
Paius, 1 July 1848. 

' My dear Father, — I arrived here on IMonday evening, just at the close of 
the Insurrection, but could not get to my hotel that night as " the retreat " had 
beaten and no person was allowed to appear in the streets after that. However, 
I got a lie near the railway station and proceeded to the Meuriee hotel early next 
morning, meeting with no interruption except occasionally to produce my jjass- 
port, when challenged by a sentry. Paris was then and is now, in a state of 
siege, that is "under martial law," and though now you may walk the streets 
freely in the day time, you cannot be out at night much after ten o'clock — all the 
principal streets and places are crowded with armed men in uniform and out of 
unifonn ... on the Place de la Concorde and along the boulevards cavalry, 
infantry, artillcrj% garde mobile, etc., are bivouacked, which, with the ravages 
made by cannon and musketry during the fighting, gives one, I should think, a 
pretty good idea of a town taken by storm. . . . From the traces, one can easily 
imagine what a desperate struggle it must have been — the fighting lasted about 
four days — in one or two places I observed the ruins of houses still smoking, 
others shattered by cannon and dotted over with musket balls, and there is one 
street, the Rue St. Jacques, with scarcely a pane of glass in it, in fact the de- 
struction of the latter article is so great generally that the glaziers must make 
their fortune, that is to say if there is any monej' to pay them. The loss of life, 
as you may well imagine has been enormous — its exact amount will never be 
known. I have been told that the lowest eomi:)utation makes it about en 

J : ■•'- (!' 

J r> ii.-iA t^^:iD ATft.'i; w 

lundcd oil holli si 

(Irs — sonic ncc( 


;cnls, linlili, 

il; priiicip.'illy u 


lIc. TIrit .-in-, 1 1 

,n,U.slan(l, foul 






thousand killed and liflccn tlionsand 

carry it a good deal liiL;her. 'I'lio ins 

cover, have suffered less liian Ihe otliei 

general oflicers killed and ^vounded — so 

and garde mobile lost an immense number of men, and a regiment of the line has 

been nearly annihilated. The insurgents were all well armed and well supplied 

with ammunition, and must have been well organized and ably led. Their 

plan is generally allowed to have displayed great military intelligence, and they 

were within an ace of succeeding — if they had, the fate of Paris would have been 

horrible. ... I think it probable that I shall remain here for a fortnight or three 

weeks longer. 

' Do you expect Tod and the children in August ? 

' So the coach is to start at last. I daresay it will I^c useful and profitable 
during the summer months. — Your affectionate son, A. T. Wharton Duff.' 

3. The third child was AxxE Jane, born July 5, 1813, one of the most 
wonderful members ol' the long-lived Duff family. Slic had coini)lctcd her 
ninetieth year when she died in January 1901, and had possessed the estate 
of Orton lor thirty-three years. Tiiough, latterly, her memory was not 
quite to be relied upon, yet her reminiscences of her long life, and of the many 
friends and relations she remembered, were a perpetual source of joy to those 
privileged to know her. In her youth she was both a poetess and an artist. 

4. The youngest child was Jemima, born 1815, and called after Lady 
Anne's eldest brother James, fourth Lord Fife. She married at twenty- 
six, John Robert Tod of Edinburgh (whose mother had been a Duff of 
Ilatton, and sister to Byron's Mary Duff, see page 2-17), and had two chil- 
dren : Anne Helen, born 1843, and John Wharton, born lS-15. She died 
in 1846. Anne Helen Tod married Edward Chancellor of Shieklhill, 
Lanarkshire, and has six children : (1) Jemima Helen, married to James 
Pitman, and has issue ; (2) Richard Alexander of the Singapore Police, 
married Jlargarct Rose Pasca, one son ; (3) John Robert, K.C.I\LG., IMajor 
Roj'al Engineers, and at present Governor of Mauritius, married Elsie 
Howard Thompson, one son and one daughter ; (1) Arthur, Captain 
Cameron Highlanders ; (5) Harry ; and (6) Amy, married to W. Mosman. 

John Wharton Tod, of the firm of Tods, Murray and Jamicson, Edin- 
burgh, married, in 18G9, JLargarct M. Mackenzie, daughter of John Ord 
Maeken/,ieoi'Dol])hinton, Laiuu-kshirc, and has two sons and five daughters : 
Margaret >Vilheliniiia, born 1870, man'ied to J. Hci)bin'n ]\Iillar, two 
children ; John Ikobert, born 1871 ; Eva Jemima, i)orn 1872, married to 
Victor Noel Paton, four children ; Charles Kirkpatriek, 1873 ; Helen Alice, 
1877 ; Ella Hope, 1882 ; and Isobcl Grace, 1883, unmarried. 

John Wharton Tod succeeded to Orton on the death of his aunt in 1004, 
andhcandliisfanulythenassumedthcnameof Duff, becoming Wharton Duff. 




In The PoJitical State of Scotland, 17S8 (a confidential report in the interests 
of tlic Wliig opposition), it is thus noted : 

' Sir James Duff of Kinstair got his vote from Lord Fife, whose son 
lie is.' 

Sir James Duff, Kt., the eldest natural son of James, second Earl Fife, 
was born in 1755 ; he had a brother William, and a sister Jean, of whom 
we shall treat hereafter. Unfortunately no record has been preserved 
of the name of their mother, and a suggestion that she was privately 
married to the Earl is not borne out by facts. 

Though the Earl Fife married, subsequently, in 1759, Lady Dorothy 
Sinclair, the only daughter of the Earl of Caithness, he had no children by 
her, and it seems fairly conclusive that if he had been ])reviously married 
to Sir James's mother, he would have been only too glad to recognise this 
son as his legitimate heir. However, the Earl was always jjarticularly 
kind to his three natural children, as he had the boys to live with him 
during a great part of their childhood, gave them a good education, and 
provided well for their future, and made an allowance to his daughter all 



JAMES DUFF, Second Eahl or Fife (natural chiklrcn). 

1 1 
Jean, Sir James, Kt., 
175:!. 1755-lS:i',), 

m. Ba-silia Dawes. 



m. Dorotliy Skelly. 


James, Sarah, 
1SU4-1S37, 18UU-18.S3, 
m. 1S28, rreacott. m. 1S2G, W. II. 


823, P. Uewett. 




m. Roland 








Eliza G., 


See below 


1 1 
Louisa, James, 
1S30. 18:>1-1878, 
See below JLaior23nl Regiment, H.P., 
(Ij). m. JlaryL. Dawkins, 

niece o£ John Berney I'ctre. 




Philip George. 

Bernanl James, Granville J. Berney, 
18G7, now I'etre, my.). 




Lilian Amy, 

Catherine Basilia 


ra. Hon. Ruby ThcUusson 

ck Berney, 

John Delap, 













, Duff, 1830-1805, m. Francis Cap).cr Brooke of Ulford. 

Ed. Letiibrii 

m. 11. E. Borcel. 


her life. Of the three eliildren, James Duff was undoubtedly tlic favourite, 
as is shown by many of Lord Fife's letters. A commission in the Army 
was procured for him, and he was gazetted Ensign, 1st Foot Guards, on 
April 18, 17C9, when foiu'tccn. He was promoted Lieutenant and Cajjtain 
in the same regiment on April 2G, 1775, and became Adjutant January 2, 

The earliest letters of his are addressed to William Rose, his father's 
factor, at I\Iontcoffcr : 

'Ld.MioN, May \r,th, 1775. 

' My dear Rose, — I have unfortunately been second to a ISrothcr Officer 
of the Regiment, in which affair he had mortally wounded his man, if he is not 
already dead, it is impossible he can survive, being shot quite through the body. 
I keep myself private till to-morrow morning when I shall sett off in the Fly for 
Edinburgh, as by the Laws of this country I am equally lyablo to be 
apprcnhcndcd and tryed for my life. — In haste ever yours, 

'Jas. DuiF.' [D.) 

To the Same 

'Maii Liidgk, liitlt May 1775. 

' My dear Sir, — Your express arrived here last night, both my Lord and self 
being anxious to hear from you. 

' I am hapi:>y to think their is some chance of Mr. Daw's recovery, it is a very 
disagreeable affair for me to be engaged in, but impossible for me to avoid. I 
did not undertake it out of any friendship for IMr. Frederick, but at the desire 
of the officers of the Regiment, who agreed I should be the man that should see 
him clear his Honor, and do credit to his Regt. Jas. Duff.' (L>.) 

In the same year he appears to have been ill, as in one letter from 
Arthur Duff of Orton we read that, ' Captain Duff has had a severe fever, 
was in great danger, but now upon recovery. The poor Earl had been 
much to be pitied had it proved fatal.' In a subsequent letter it is stated 
that, ' The Earl's son is now as well as ever.' 

James Duff was, in 1779, knighted as proxy for Sir James Harris 
(diplomat), afterwards first Earl of Malmcsburj^ at his installation as 
Knight of the Bath. It must be noted that Sir James Duff was made a 
Knight Bachelor, not K.C.B. 

He became Captain and Lieutenant-Colonel July 18, 1780, and full 
Colonel on November 18, 1790. In October 1794 he was promoted Major- 
Gencral, being still a regimental Captain. However, we find that on 
March 7, 1795, he was gazetted a regimental IMajor. In 1797 he took 
command of the Limerick district ; while there he rendered important 
services during the insurrection of 1798, and managed to keep liis district 


quiet, in s])ite of the state of affairs clscwlicrc. During liis Limerick 
connnand he had as aides-de-camp two men who subsequently became 
famous, namely Sir William Napier and James Davies Douglas. Many 
allusions to Sir James Duff are to be found in the Life of Sir William Napier.^ 
On leaving Limerick he was presented with a SAvord of honour and the 
freedom of the city. 

On August 31, 179S, General Sir James Dul'f was appointed Colonel 
of the 50th Foot (West Kent). He was pr.uuokd Licutenant-General, 
Januarj' 1, ISOl ; General, October 25, 1809 ; at the time of his death at 
Funtington, Sussex, on December 5, 1839, he was senior General in the 
British Army, and was one of the few officers who have held a commission 
for over seventy years. 

From Sir James Duff's letters we get some sidelights on the history of 
the period, as well as indications that he was on terms of intimacy witii 
many of his relatives. 

.S*;';- James Duff to IVilliain Rose 

' A\^mTKiiArXj 1775. 
' I gave you an account in my last of the state of matters in Canada, you will 
see it is but too true. There was a letter arrived from ^Villiam, two daj'S ago, 
to my Lord, it was dated St jGhn's,3rd Nov. They had surrendered thedaybefore 
and were going to embark for New England, he only wrote a few lines being, I 
suppose, uneasy in liis mind, and not at liberty to write. Tliere are upwards of 
500 men made prisoners, besides Capt. Duff's Regt., every man of iliem will be 
obliged to lay down their arms. ]\Iost people are of opinion Quebec will fall to 
the Prcjvineials. Carleton has collected about 1800 men, 1400 of which are 
Canadians, anil, lie says, not to be trusted. This is llie present situation of 
affairs.' (U.) 

In December 1776 he writes from Fife House, Whitehall (his father's 
residence), to William llos-c at Montcoffer, congratulating the latter on the 
birth of his second son : 

' No one feels more real joy at every additional hap]3incss that befalls you 
than I do. You must for the future contrive some method of getting a few girls, 
all of them as beautiful as the mother. . . . The army in Canada is very healthy, 
but at New York they arc greatly distressed with the I'^lux. AVe arc expecting 
daily uecounts of the attack on Washington Vovl. Our army must get jiossession 

• In the AtlJiUonal MSS., Brilisli Museum, tlicrc arc Uircc letters from Sir James Duff to Uic 
Earl oC Chichester. They are writlcn from Adfinnan Camp in 179O, and deal witli tlic arrange- 
ments for parade service. The Roman Catholic soldiers had apjiarently been cheerfully attend- 
ing these, until some agitator had endeavoured to stir them to the idea that it was a grievance. 
Sir James is said to have shot some rebels after they had laid down their arms, and to have 
hanged a Roman Catholic priest. 

vol.. 11. 2 C 

510 fa:\iily of sir .tames duff of kinstaiu 

of il, or tlieir wiiilcr (luinlns ut New Yorlc may be made very disagreeable to' {li.) 

To the same 

'St. James's, 5/A Auguat 177G. 

' My dear Rose, — By the Aberdeen Newspaper which 1 have this moment 
brought me, I see an advertisement from the Justices of Peace of the County of 
Banff empowering you to bring from London one hundred pounds sterhng in 
good lialfpence. Upon receipt of your letter, I immediately spolce to a friend of 
mine who lias promised to get me the first £100 of lialfpence that are made at 
the Tower.i 

' I suppose my Lord has draged you up to Mar Lodge. I know you have no 
great love nor oppinion of that part of the Country. If you are there, I dare 
say you will find time to write about papers. 

' Make my best love to Mary, with my good wishes for the Familly, I ever am, 
my dear Rose, Your ever affectionate, etc., etc., Jas. Duff. 

' Faites bien nies Compliments h. Monsieur Frembley.' (A'.) 

To the Same 

'Duff House, 2\st Sept. 1777. 
' Sir, — I do hereby authorise and impowcr you to uplift for me and in 
my name the Feu Duties and other Casualties due to me as Superior of the 
lands of Kinstair,- and Knowhead and that in time past, and in time coming, 
for which this shall be sufficient power and authority. — I am. Your hinnblc 
servt., Mas. Duff.' (A'.) 

* From the Aberdeen Journal, July 22, 1776: 

'At Banff, The Sixteenth Day of July, One Thousand Seven Hundred and Seventy-six 
Years : at a Meeting of the Justices of Peace of the County of Banff, Sir Kobert Abercromby 
of Birkenbog, Baronet, chosen Pra;ses. 

' The Meeting being informed, that a great Deal of Bad Halfpence has of late been brought 
into the Country ; tlicy thought it incumbent upon them to put the People upon their Guard, 
and to advise them to be cautious of receiving the Copper Money in circulation, as that must be 
the only check against the Importation and Circulation o( bad Copper Money. They also 
thought it their Duty to recommend the Encouragement of the Produce of their own Country, 
particularly with respect to Porter and Flour, in preference to those Articles imported from 
other Places, which had been for some time past brought in at a very great Exjience to the 
Country ; and recommcndeil to the Clerk to cause this be published in the Aberdeen's News 
Paper, and to Mr. Rose, to bring from London, One Hundred Pounds sterling in good Halfpence, 
and to insure tlic same, the Expence of tlie Insurance and Commission to be paid by the County. 

' (Signed) Robert Abercromby, P. 

' Extracted from the Ivccords of the Justices of the Peace and Commissioners of Supply of 
Banffshire, by James Duff.' 

= Kinstair is a small place in the parish of Alford, on the estate of Haughtoa, of which Lord 
Fife held the 'superiority,' and made it over to his son for voting purposes. 


Another letter to William Rose, written from llarlcy Street in Febi-uary 
1784, when Sir Janus was Member of I'arlianicnt for Uanffshire : ' Stronrr 
report of a dissolution taking place, a few days hence must determine the 

In 1789 he resigned his seat for Banffshire (owing to a difference of 
opinion with his father on the question of the Regency, when he voted 
against Pitt and against his father), and lie writes to William Rose, 
informing him of this fact, adding that : 

' I could never have thought of lioldiiig any jjlacc of that nature, when 1 was 
totally debarred from having an opinion of my own, nor even wlicre 1 think my 
inlercst is concerned. His lordship and 1 had a long conversation on all matters. 
I told him my mind freely and heard everything he had to say. But 1 exj^ect 
no alteration from it — numerous professions of Friendship and affection — but 
words have lost their effect with mc. ... 1 beg you do everything you can to 
prevent Packets being now put under my cover as 1 shall have to pay for them 
after this day.' " ' (R.) 

Lord Fife does not appear to have been pleased by his son's action in 
this matter, as is shown by the following letter, written in January 1789, 
by Sir James Duff from Harley Street to Rose at ]\Iontcoffer : 

' There is no communication betwixt his Lordship and me. On my in- 
forming him of my dirfcrcnee of sentiment on the present state of Polities, my 
disapproving of Mr. Pitt's conduct and resolution not to take any active part in 
opposition to the Prince of Wales, every art of persuasion and flattery, of which 
he is master, were put in practice to dissuade me from it, but, if I could not bring 
myself to vote for Mr, Pitt, imploring me as the greatest service I could do hitii, 
to resign my scat. I took two days to consider on the subject of our conversa- 
tion. I then wrote him, that, anxiouslj' wishing to do everything in my power 
that I consistent!}- could, I, in compliance with his request, was willing to vacate 
my seat. Were I not too well acquainted with the insincerity of his professions, 
I should have been surprised, on his seeing me next day close to him in the street, 
turning short the other way. Thus stands the state of matters, and there it shall 
rest for me. ... I hear Pitfour is to come in for Banffshire. I am perfectly 
satisfied in quitting that station, not being allowed a deliberative opinion and 
called upon to exercise that power in opposition to the Prince, to whom in future 
I must owe e\'erything in my professional line. . . . Lad}- Duff joins me in every 
good wish to you aiul yoiu's.' (7i'.) 

Whether Sir James Duff were right or wrong in his action, he 
at least appears to have felt very strongly on the subject, and to 
have adhered to his opinions, caring little what others thought, as is 


sliown l)y another letter lo Rose, dated February 28, 1780, in wliich 
he says : 

' I have taken your hint respecting Lord Findlater, by writing a state of my 
ParHamentary conduet in as tew words as I possibly could. Having done so I 
am indifferent whether he approves of it or not. Sclf-ajJijlause will satisfy me 
on that occasion. His Majesty is pcrfecll}^ recovered. I sincerely wish it may 
continue, and it is certainly a fortunate thing for tlie country that his recovery 
has been prior to the Regency Bill passing, which would have brought in new men 
and new manners and have put the country to great exj)ense. I have no kind of 
communication witli \VhileIiall, nor shall I solicit any.' (71.) 

Previous to his marriage Sir James Duff seems to have lived ehietly 
with his father at the hitter's residence at Fife House, \\'hitehall, but on 
his marrying ]\Iiss Dawes in 1785 he moved to Ilarley Street, and later on 
he went to live at Rexley, Kent, which he much liked, and where he was 
' constantly employed in gardening and raising of poultry.' In 1787-1788, 
he had a furnished liouse in Downing Street. He had also speculated in 
land in Jamaica, as his brother-in-law, Sholto Douglas, returned from that 
place in 1789 and informed Sir James that ' ]Mr. Fordyce is well and settled 
as a bookkeej)er on our estate, where I liope he will prosper.' The 
following quotation from Scoiiish Notes and Queries tends to throw light 
on the state of affairs at that period : 

' Several young men went from the North of SeoLlaiid to Jamaica. William 
Johnston, son of the minister of Monquittcr, went there in 1795. Francis 
Fordyce arri\ed there in 1789, after a passage from England of eight weeks. He 
writes from Grange Estate, Hanover, Jamaica — " Sir James Duff's estate, 
(irange, is reckoned a very good one. Last year it made and shipped 120 
hogsheads of sugar and CO puncheons of lum. The only deficiency is want of 
strength, having only 205 negroes, which is thought too [c^v for the size of the 
plantation. To manage and govern all these slaves there arc only four white 
people on Grange, viz., the overseer, cari^cnter, myself, and another book-keeper. 
Eew acquire fortunes here now, even those that are supported by them. A 
person in the planting line never expects to make money here sooner than twenty 
years. A beginning in this country is everything, and often before you can 
obtain that, toil, disappointment, and sickness close the career of life, and put 
a period to a wearied-out existence." ' 

In October 1790, Sir James writes to William Rose that he is under 
orders for foi'cign service, and that the destination was supposed to be the 
West Indies. He makes full arrangements for the comfort of Lady Duff 
in his absence. But apparently he was either mistaken, or the orders were 
countermanded, as in November of the same year he is still at Bexley, and 

T.KTTER FRO:\I FAi\[ARS r,i;} 

lie rclcrs with regret lo llie expense incurred in ' the preparutiuas I'ur the 
intended campaign in Soutli America.' 

Sir James was, however, destined to see some foreign service, as 
we find him with tlie army fighting against tlic Frencli in 1793. Tlie 
following letter to his lather gives interesting details of the action round 
Valenciennes : 

'Camp Famah^;, May 2-ith, 170.']. 

' My dear Lord,— Tlio' I am half dead with fatigue 1 canii<a Id this 
opportunity escape without informing you of our having yesterday attacked the 
French Camp supposed about 40,000 strong fortyhcd with redoubts and in the 
strongest ground I ever saw ; it was the finest siglit ever seen. We marched 
from the Austrian camp about twelve o'clock at night, and at day-brake in the 
morning saw our army in different columns with numerous artilary marching 
up the sides of the hills on which they had redoubts, in an open country, with the 
sun shining upon them. I suppose our army might amount to uj) wards of 
00,000 men. We attacked several! of their Batteries in the course of the day 
and carried them ; night only put an end to the engagement, at 3 o'clock in the 
morning the whole army again under arms and ordered to attack the remaining 
Batteries that defended the French Camp ; happily for the preservation of 
Thousands we found their Batteries and Camp totally abandoned. I am now 
writing this in my Tent, already pitched in their Camp, while the guns are liring 
on the Town of Valancienies. This is not all the good fortune of the day. General 
Clairfaiet has defeated the French army, b}^ driving them from their strong 
position on the other side of Valancicncs and is now likewise firing on the town. 
The same day (yesterday) the Dutch attacked the French at Orchic, defeated and 
took possession of the place ; I expect great good consequences from the result 
of these different defeats : convinced their army will never face an Austrian one 
in the field : your Lordship will easily conceive that numbers of men have fallen 
in these different attacks, I have not yet heard any calculation, no English 
olfieer has been kill'd. The Austrians must have suffered severely, as they bore 
the principal front ; several Hanoverian olllccrs and men killed. The Guards, 
by great good fortune have escaped unhiu't ; this is the third day we have had our 
Cloatlis on, Lj'ing eonslnnlly in tlic open air and williout any thing to eat but 
annniition Brcail. I shall write again when I have more lime, and hear more 
particulars. — I am, etc., James Duff.i 

' To Lord Fife.' (R.) 

• ' The Allies luivc ;ici;iiimil.itcil 80,000 men in front of Valenciennes, rcsolvc<l to mnUe a 
f^cneral altack on the entrenched camp which covered that important city. (The camp was 
called Famars.) The Kn^lish troops under Abercromby formed part of the second column 
imder Ferrari, crossed the Konellc and carried some of the redoubts of the camp. The French 
resolved not to wait for llie issue of an attack on the following day, but evacuated their position 
during the night, and fell back to the famous camp of Caesar, leaving Valenciennes to its 
fate. May 2^-25, 1793 ' (Alison's History of Europe, vol. iv.). 


Sir Jatiics Diijf and his ui'fc Jiasilia tn Lord Fife 

'KiKK H..USE, April -27111, 1B02. 

' jMy dear Lord,— ^Ve returned here j'csterday from Lady Fermanagh's and 
found the servants employed in taking away the last of the things to the ship. 
This morning at seven o'eloek they sailed with a fair wind, and I liave little doubt 
but they will reach Banff in a few days. l\Ir. Harden is on Board. 

' I find the Thellussons have been frequently here, since we went to the 
country, and have minutely inspected the j)remises. Harden can inform your 
LordsP how far matters have already gone, I shall endeavour to see him cither 
this day or to-morrow and give you what further information I can procure. I 
sec by this day's paper that the Secretary at War proposes accepting the services 
of certain Volunteer Corps who have applyed to continue their Services. I 
imagine from that the Services of the Banffshire Volunteers will be accepted of. 

' The Proclamation of Peace and the illumination is to take place on Thursday. 
On Friday we leave Town for Sussex where I propose remaining till towards the 
end of May ; when I shall think of my Journey to the North, but of that your 
Lord^P shall have more certain information after. Lady Duff is well and joins 
me in good wishes, being, My Dear Lord, Your affectionate, etc., 

' Jas. Duff.' 

What follows is in a different handwriting : 

' Many thanks to your Lordship for your kind Inquiries after me. I am 
perfectly well and preparing for my journey to Sussex, where I intend to pass a 
quiet summer with my sister. I am sorry not to accompany Sir James to 
Scotland. Your Lordship will let him know when you wish him to be with you. 
We were very comfortable with our good friend Lady Fermanaugh, and were 
fortunate in having good weather. I greatly enjoyed the cotmtry, as I always 
do, and always envy my neighbours of a comfortable house. — I am, Yr. L'^ships 
most affect, ]3. D.' {D.) 

Sir James Duff died at Funtington, December 5, 1839, and is buried in 
the churchyard there. A memorial window and a brass plate are to be found 
in the church. ^ 

' Memorial brass in Funtington church : 

' To the Glory of God and in memory of General Sir James Duff, Colonel of the 50th Regt., 
who died December 5, 1839, in his 85th year (born 1755). 

' Basilia, wife of General Sir James Duff, died May 28, 1849. 

' James Duff, only son of General Sir James Duff and Basilia Duff, born Jan. 6, 1804, 
died Feb. lo, 1837. 

' Louisa Duff, eldest daughter of General Sir James Duff and Basilia Duff, died Sept. 1, 
185.'), aged 53 years. 

' Alfred Alexander, son of James and Eliza Duff, born Sept. 13, 1833, died Nov. 29, 1857, 
buried at London, Canada West. 

' The window was erected by Major James Dulf, late Major Koyal Welsh Fusiliers, in 1874.' 


Lndy Duff (lied in 181,0. 

Tiieio is II poiLruit ol' Sir Juincs, by Russell, in possession of II.R.II. 
the Princess Royal. 

Extremely ample provision was made for Sir James by his father, which 
arrangements, after the Earl's death, led to much litigation. He held 
as has been seen, the small estate of Kinstair, in Aberdeenshire, for voting 
purposes, and at his father's death was allotted various rights over other 
portions of the Fife estates. 

In the trust deed executed by Lord Fife in 1801 Sir James Duff is named 
' General factor and cashier during all the days of his lifetime, and to be 
paid £1000 sterling by way of recompense or remuneration to him for his 
trouble in the execution of the said Trust,' and ' he is further to occupy, 
enjoy, and possess, during all the days of his lifetime, free of all rent or tack 
duty, the mansion-house of Innes, in the county of Moray and thirty acres 
of ground adjacent thereto, as also the house of Rothicmay in the county of 
Banff, with the ground adjoining thereto, with the pigeon-park and water- 
side. Likewise the Castle of Delgaty with thirty acres of ground adjoining 
thereto, and IMar Lodge with the grounds adjoining, together also with the 
use of the whole househokl furniture in the foresaid four houses of Innes, 
Rothiemay, Delgaty, and Mar Lodge.' '■ 

A letter from Earl James to his son, dated November 23, 1805, and 
included in the deed, adds : 

' I have now to direct that, as I have given you, Sir James Duff, a lease of 
the house and mains of Rothiemay, that Innes house, formerly intended as a place 
of residence for you, shall be kept by a maid servant, the same as Delgaty Castle 
is directed to be kept, and the grounds about limes to be annually set to the best 
aeeount in grass.' - 

1 The mansion-house of Rothiemay was only granted to Sir James during the Ufetime 
of his father, the second Earl, as on June 8, 1809, Alexander, tlie third Earl, granted a 
lease of this property to his eldest daughter Jane and lier husband, Major Alexander Francis 
Tayler, for thirty-eight years, at a ' nominal ' rent of /lo per annum for ' the mansion-house, 
office-houses, pigeon-house, orchards and gardens, with the grounds around the house wliich 
were in the lato Earl of Fife's natural possession at the time of his death,' with a provision 
that they shall ' not be liable to pay any pejoration on the said mansion-house, or any way 
obliged to repair or support the same, except to keep the roof wind and water tight, and if 
they shall mehorate the same, or sliall for the ornamenting or beautifying of the lands let or 
plant wood, the meliorations, etc., shall be paid lor by the proprietor at the issue of the lease." 
For the salmon fishing on the Deveron the annual rent of £2 was to be paid, while various 
farms and crofts were rented at £i and £^ apiece. The lease of Rothiemay was held by 
Major Tayler until his death in 1854, and subscnucntly by his son William James Taylcr, 
who died in 1886. 

- Printed copies of these deeds were in the hands of many members of the family. 


During liis fatlicr's lilctimc he passed mucli of liis time in tlic north of 
Scotland, but in the latter part of his life he lived entirely at Funtington, 
near Chichester, in a house which he had purchased, now the property of 
J. Anderton Greenwood.' 

Sir James married, August 12, 1785, Basilia Dawes,- daughter of James 
Dawes of Rocks})ring, Jamaica, and had by her one son and three 
daughters : 

1. James, born January 0, 180-1, of whom presently. 

2. Louisa, born in 1802 ; died unmarried 185u. 

3. Sarah, born February 2, 180G, died 1883; married, June 21, 182G, 
l\Iajor W. Hewett (afterwards Colonel), third son of General Sir George 
Ilewctt, Bt., G.C.B., of Bethcrseale. Lieutenant-Colonel Ilewett was in 
the Rifle Brigade, and was born July 2, 1795. He was i)rescnt at Waterloo, 
and was the last survivor of the ofllcers there present, dying October 20, 
1891. There were two sons, James Duff Ilewett, born 1832, Captain in the 
Army, killed by the Maoris, February 9, 1803 ; Captain William Ilewett, 
R.N., o.s.p. One daughter, died young, and three who survive — Louisa 
Ann, born 1829, and Ethelinda, unmarried, and Julia, married Captain 
William Carey, C.B. 

4. Anne, born in 1807, and died 1898 ; married, December 20, 1828, 
the Rev. P. Ilewett of Binstead, Ryde, Isle of Wight, of which parish he 
Avas rector for forty-six years, the fifth son of Sir George Ilewctt. One 
daughter only, Edith, born 1829, noNS' survives. An elder daughter, IMar}', 
died in 1909, aged seventy-three, and the only son, Philip George, Lieutenant- 
Colonel, died in 1900, leaving three sons ami two daughters. 

As the younger brother and the sister of James Duff of Kinstair left no 
descendants, they will be dealt with hrst, and James's only son and /;/,? 
descendants will be found on piige 527. 

William Duff, the second natural son of James, Lord Fife, was born in 
175G. Nothing is now known of his early life until 1770, when he was at 
Woolwich.^ He was always acknowledged by his father anil undoubtedly 
received a good education. He was not, however, treated in quite the same 
manner as his brother James, and during the latter years of his life he docs 

• In the garden of Funtington House were discovered, in October 1913, the colours of the 
50th Regiment, which tradition always asserted had been buried there by Sir James Duff, 
Colonel of that regiment. 

= The entry of the marriage of James Duff and Basilia Dawes in the registers of St. 
Marylebone Parish Church is witnessed by Dr. and Mrs. Fotheringliam, previously well 
Unown in Banff. 

' There is a letter from him of this date, written in a round childisli hand, describing his 
course of stutlies: ' Kisc at 6 and go for a walk. l>real;fast 7.30. Study from S to 12. After 
dinner, military exercises. 3 to study." (/;.) 


not appear to Iiavc had any intercourse with Lord Fife. Perliaps this arose 
Crom a greater independence of spirit or from the lact tliat lie was less 
of a diplomat than his elder brother ; but it seems that the same lavish 
monetary provision was not made for him as for Sir James, nor was he given 
any landed estate. His portrait (by Russell), in the possession of the 
Princess Royal, shows him to have been a remarkably good-looking young 

On December 11., 1770, he obtained a commission as Lieutenant in the 
7th Royal Fusiliers, and in September 1771 he writes from Chatham 
Barracks to his father at Duff House : 

' Since I wrote your Lordship last I have been detailed, with twenty men, for 
a week, to Upnor Castle, a place about four miles from here. This is a duty \vc take 
by turns. All this marching about of late has been very expensive to mc, and 
within these two months (during which time I have never been settled in one 
place) it has cost me upwards of eighteen pounds. Our regiment, I believe, 
will remain as it is for the winter, but it is generally thought we shall march 
some other way before February next. My brother sets off for Scotland, with 
the first ship. I wanted to get to London, for a day or so, to see him before he 
went, but I really could not get leave. Wc arc now so thin, that I have the Sash 
every other day almost. I understand your Lordship is killing the Deer just 
now, and I dare say you will have good diversion. I have just got another step 
in the Rcgt., so that there is now five under me.' (R.) 

About this time he writes to William Rose (1771) : 

' I suppose you have heard of his lordship's generous allowance ? Besides 
my pay, I have now about one hundred and twenty pounds per annum. Which 
is a pretty income and might make me a laird in Scotland.' 

Quite early in his military career William Duff was sent on foreign 
service, as at the beginning of 1773 he was making preparations to embark 
for Canada to take part in the operations going on in that country. In 
January of that year he writes to congratulate Mrs. Rose of IMontcoffer 
on her marriage, and tells her that he is to embark with his regiment on 
April 15 for Quebec. The journey thither seems to have been somewhat 
tedious, as appears from the following letter : 

'liiiAU I'aiik in the Puovinck of Canada, 
lil/i July 17";-). 
' With all my faults my dear Rose, you will not accuse me of forgetting my 
best friends ; I have hitherto forgot them indeed in one respect, by conducting 
myself in such a manner as to give them uneasiness. However, I shall have 
done with this subject. After being almost eleven weeks on Board of a ship fit 
VOL. 11. 2d 


only to transport coninioii felons in, we all landed in Qncljcc the 2Sth of last 
niontli. \Vf mardicd iinnadiattly into the Country hy orders of Ihc Com- 
manding olliccr of Quebec. It is veiy pleasant to enjoy a little air, after being 
almost suffocated on board the transjjort ; this is a pretty little village about 
seven miles from Quebec ; a fine view from it of the town and the river St. 
Lawrence which is a very extraordinary river, runs through all Canada into 
America. This is a very line Countiy. We shall remain in the Country a few 
days longer, till the Barracks of the Regiment we relieved are repaired. Quebec 
is by no means what we expected ; the people may be agreeable ; but it is one 
of the dirtiest Holes I ever was in ; accounts of it have been much exaggerated ; 
it is very pleasantly situated, tho' the inhabitants are much exposed to the Cold 
in the Winter, which is remarkably severe ; so much so that there is no stirring 
out. At present, and always for four months in the year, Broiling hot— the 
extremes will not do for me. I begin to look out for a Grave here. You shall 
be remembered in my Will. I have been a little sick several times since I came, 
and am as brown as a AVcst Indian. But I never' had too fine a complexion. 
Pray how is my good friend Mrs. Rose ? God bless you both, for I assure you 
there is no Couple I wish happier. Will this appear flattering ? I hope not, from 
one whose heart is entirely your own. You shall have a little news if there be 
any here in my next letter, but I am not j^et settled. I am obliged to practise 
my l'"reneh here, Ihc natives speak nothing else. This Country jaunt will prove 
a little expensive ; provisions always dear in the summer, but cheap in the 
winter ; at least for four or five months. Whisper now and then to his Lordship 
to forget and forgive what is 2:>ast, and not let him despair of my amendment, 
but I know there is not much interest necessary to make him do it, his humanity 
always gets the better of his resentment. What must I feel at the thoughts of 
having given offence to such a friend. I assure you, my dear friend, there is 
no describing it. But for the future. However, I shall make no promises, not 
even to you who has always made allowances for me. I hope to sec you in a few 
years. I intend to marry Miss Abernethic if you can settle matters betwixt us. 
I mean Miss Jennie. ^ My kind compliments to her and all that family, to all 
your friends and relations whether 1 know them or not. I hope your mother 
and molher-in-liiw keep llieir heallh and that Ihey will live long to be a witness 
of the felieily of you anil Mary : I sliall never forgive you if you dont let me hear 
from you as often as you can, and never write without telling me of Mrs. Rose, 
to whom I beg to be kindly remembered. Brodie's Brother who is a Lt. in the 
Scots Fusiliers, the regiment we relieved here, asked after you. You will see 
him soon I suppose in the Country. He fought a duel lately in the regt. and was 
dangerously wounded, but is now recovered, about a very triflling affair and might 
have been settled without pulling a trigger. God bless you and grant you and 
Mrs. Rose muel) luallh and h:i])piness, and believe mewilh the truest attach- 
ment, my dear Rose, \'<)ur very afft: and obliged, etc., 
' \Vii,i.iAM Dmff.' (7?.) 

' Slic actually married Alexander Duff of Mayen. See cliaptcr xviii, 


lie saw a f^ood deal of service in Canada, and was still there when the 
War ol' Aineiiean Jndependenee hroke out. 

,_:, To Sir James Duff of Kinsldir 

'QeKiiEC, 2\st May 1776. 

' My DE-Mi BuoTiiEU, — I have received your letter and all the things you 
mention, Lord File is to send nie — have only time to acequaint you that the 
rebels in this country have commenced hostilities. They have surprised a 
Captains detachement at a place called Crown Point about two hundred and 
fifty miles from this— and taken it. Wc have received sudden orders to march 
to it, which wc do to-morrow morning. I suppose — to attempt its relief. God 
send us success. My love to my sister and compts to all friends. I did not think 
it proper to acquaint the female of this. — Your aff. bror., 

' W. Duff.' (Z>.) 

In a letter to Rose, dated from ' St. John's in tlie Province of Canada, 
June 13, 1775,' he writes : 

' The American rebels having made incursions upon Canada, we received 
sudden orders about three weeks ago to march from Quebec up the country, to 
stop their progress. They have made themselves masters of two or three places 
by surprise — Tyconderoga and Crown Point — the taking of which, last war, 
cost us many a brave and gallant soldier, and now we arc deprived of them by a 
sett of ragamuffins. They had ventured as far as this place, and took prisoners 
a Sergeant and twelve men that were upon detachment here, but afterwards 
abandoned it. VVe are upwards of two hundred miles from Quebec and a 
hundred and eighty from Tyconderoga or Crown Point, where the rebels now are. 
. . . \Nc have exchanged a few shots with the rebels who came down under 
cover of the woods with an intention to attack us, but upon hnding us ready to 
receive them they decamped. I was the other day ordered out upon a recon- 
noitring party, and upon my return was near done for. The rebels lired upon us 
from the woods and a ball passed 'twixt me and another man and bruised his 
firelock. I wish the same good luck may attend me during the campaign. We 
are inmicdiately under General Carleton's i command, who is at Montreal, about 
eight and twenty miles distant. What is to be our fate, I know not. Some 
are of opinion we shall, with a body of Canadians and savages, endeavour to 
drive the rebels (at present it is said not above three hundred in number) out of 
Canada, but of this hereafter. AVe are now in a most disagreeable situation. 
All of us i^ackcd into a house together, men and ofTiccrs, and almost devoured by 
musquittoes — a very troublesome kind of insect ; rather larger than what we 
call the midges in Scotland, and of a very poisonous nature. I hojie there \vill, 
one day, be an end to all this, that consolation supports me. You may give my 

General Carleton drove the Americans out of Canada in March 1776. 


Lord a gentle hint that a twenty pound extraordinary, upon service would not be 
amiss. At present, however, can put up without it.' ^ (li.) 

lie had been taken prisoner sometime during the war in Canada, 
according to a letter from his brother already quoted and another from his 
sister to William Rose in 1776 : 

' I see by the papers that there is to be a thorough exchange of prisoners in 
Amcriea soon ; so that I hope poor William will again taste the blessings of 
liberty, which he must sensibly relish now that he has been so long deprived of 
them. I am surprised that we have never had any letter from him during his 
confinement, as I understand there has been two received from other oITiecrs in 
the same captivity with him. I am very glad, however, he was not one of those 
that purchased their liberty at the expense of their veracity.' (R.) 

William Duffio Earl Fife 

'Statkn Island, OM Fehrrtary 1777. 

' My dear Lord,— I may perhaps give your Lordship reason to think me 
rather a troublesome correspondent, this I believe is the fourth letter I have had 
the honor of writing you since my rcleasement from captivity ; I hope your 
Lordship will receive them all as the subject of them is very interesting to me. 

' Your Lordship will perceive by the inclosed that I am now the first for 
the purchase of a Company in the Regiment, and my motive for obtaining a 
letter from the Commanding Officer to signify this. Should any of our Captains 
here think proper to leave us it will reduce me to a disagreeable dilemma as in 
this ease I shall be at a loss how to manage the money matters. I have no doubt 
of j'our Lordship's intentions to purchase for me, and sincerely wish that no part 
of my conduct may give you reason to alter them, however, should any offer of a 
purchase turn out here some security must be given for the money, and it is a 
power to give this security that I request from your Lordship. 

' There is not a Company that has sold for less than Seventeen hundred 
pounds. Should this sum be demanded from me I have in a former letter men- 
tioned to your Lordship that I am willing to consider the additional two hundred 

1 Most of WiUiam Duff's letters to William Rose of Montcoffer conclude ' your affectionate 
friend," which was an unusual conclusion in those formal days. The two were evidently very 
good friends, and it is almost touching to find the Major requesting Rose to put in a good word 
for him with Lord Fife. Mrs. Rose seems to have been equally friendly, as she frequently 
corresponded with William Duff when he was in Canada. In one of his letters to her he writes 
' I sincerely congratulate you upon the springing up of the Rose plant ' — a deUcate reference to 
the birth of Mrs. Rose's first child — ' and that upon my return to Scotland I shall find a htUe 
family at Montcoffer, blessed with the perfections of the father and mother. Ivose has promised 
me I .shall have the pleasure of being a godfather.' As the eldest child of the Roses was 
christened William, we conclude that WiUiam Duff acted towards him in the capacity o f 


as a loan and shall most failhrully repay it. By this I do not mean an affront 
to your Lordsh'B irciiLTOsity, but by way of an economical experiment. 

' Matters here remain in nmeh the same situation as when I wrote your 
Lordship last. The Troops in winter quarters arc harrass^ by Rebel parties. 
The opening of the Campaign will relieve them, for then I doubt not tlie Rebels 
will fly as usual. They derive impudence from our scattered situation; and yet, 
except the surprise of the Hessians at Fenton some time ago, they have attempted 
nothing of consequence after that. The Seventeenth Regiment stopt the pro- 
gress of their whole army, which even their own accounts allow. They some- 
times fall in with our Forageing parties and almost always come off with the 
worst. For an exact detail of our operations I shall always refer your Lordship 
to the Commander-in-Chief's dispatches. 

' The Congress has declared their General Washington Protector of the United 
States — a most pompous tittle ; Who knows, my Lord, but he may turn out a 
second Monk, at present it is with him "Delenda est Carthago." This country is 
approaching fast to ruin, and nothing can save it but a speedy termination to 
the War. 

' Troops have lately arrived from Rhode Island. General Prescott is left 
Governor of New Port in that Colony. 

' Our Regiment's going to Canada in the Spring is not so certain as we had 
reason to think it some time ago, it seems General Howe now waits for directions 
from home in regard to us, so that your Lordship will soon know our fate. I 
hope your Lordship will take the carhest opportunity of writing me, and that you 
will believe me with the grcates attatchement and regard. — My dear Lord, Your 
LordP^ most obliged most affeete and most obed* Humble Serv', 

■Wii.i.iAM Dn-F.' {D.) 

Wc do not know when he returned from Canada, but on April 9, 1777, 
he was promoted Captain 2Cth Foot. In June 1783 he was at Mussel- 
burgh, and in December of the same year he writes to Lord Fife from 
Dublin : 

' I have been here three days and in three more shall set out for Arklow, where 
I am to be quartered. Have but indifferent accounts of it. However, the 
society of a few friends and my books will prove a suflieient recompense. I thank 
your Lordship for your recommendation to Sir W. Montgomery. Messages 
have passed, but we have not yet met. I was greatly disappointed in not finding 
a letter from your Lordship and still hope it may be gone to Wexford or Arklow. 
. . . Government here have received letters from England mentioning an in- 
tention of sending out twelve Battalions to the East Indies in the event of Mr, 
Fox's success. Should it be so, we certainly will be one of the Regts. We can 
go nowhere and have a less chance of promotion than in this country, justice and 
seniority arc scarce, in any instance. However, I should not nmch relish the 
E. Indies, not from any dread of the climate, but an apprehension that when 
there wc shall have nothing to do, and consequently little prospect of getting 


forward, circumstances that would render our banishment intolerable. . . . 
At all events I must be reconciled to my fate, whatever it is. If I come home 
with a little money, have thoughts of settling in Macduff. I most sincerely wish 
your Lordship health and happiness.' 

Three months later he writes from Musselburgh to William Rose : 

' . . . We have received orders to be in readiness for Ireland, and shall 
certainly march in the course of a fortnight. . . . We are going to the most dis- 
agreeable of all countries. ... I had resolved in case of going North, to have 
besieged the Heiress of Gight.i and with your assistance to have made her s\ir- 
render to the arms of your sincere, etc., Will. Duff.' 

In September 1785 William Duff was at Droghcda, and he writes to Mr. 
George Robinson in Edinburgh for financial assistance. He naively adds 
that he has not ' been a good economist, yet more from habit than principle. 
He also asks Mr. Robinson whether he has seen Sir James Duff and his lady, 
and adds, ' Give me a description of her.' Sir James had married in 1785. 
Unfortunately George Robinson's description of the lady is not extant. 

About this date William Duff must have gone on leave and visited his 
relations in Scotland. Lady Fife, writing from Hatton Lodge, 1785, says : 

' Major William Duff came to Rothiemay, ^Vednesday. He stayed two days 
and would have longer, but Fife ordered him to meet him in Banff. He is a 
well-behaved young man, and I am truly fond of him. It is a pity that his father 
does not doe more for him. Well does he deserve to be his favourite, in pre- 
ference to the nominal knight.' - (0.) 

William Duff was promoted Major 2Gth Foot, January 4, 17SG, although 
Lady Fife describes him as ' Major ' in 1785, and in 1787 he married IMiss 
Dorothy Skelly of Yarm, near Durham, nicee of Lord Adam Gordon ^ and 
the third Duke of Gordon. In May of the same year he Avrites to William 
Rose from Cork : ' Wc expect to sail to-morrow for Quebec. After 
various delays we reached this place a fortnight since. I am, as you often 
told me I should be, happier than ever in possession of a real, confidential 
friend. I^'eryone likes her. Were we richer it would be better.' He 
occasionally spoke ruefully of the difference made by Lord Fife between 
himself and his elder brother. ' There is nothing I shoidd dislike so much 
as being at variance with him {i.e. his father), except being the cause of it. 

' Catherine Gordon, who afterwards married Captain J. Byron. 

2 Sir James Duff of Kinstair. 

' In 1769 ' died Lady Betty Skelly, sister to tlie late Cosmo, Duke of Gordon, and aunt to 
the present Duke ' {Aberdeen Journal). Lord Adam Gordon was commander-in-chief of the 
forces in Scotland. 

f ' :.;■ A 


I wisli all my friends to siispcixl tlicir jiul figments till bolh sides rvro licard. 
IIo talks to evciyoiu; of the debts lie lias paid — I lie last was ten years 
since ! I know he will extenuate nothing, nor, I trust, " set down ought in 
malice." lie even refuses me a hundred pounds. However, Canada 
is a cheap country, and when my wife's matters arc settled we shall do 
very well.' (R.) 

Major Duff embarked for Canada in 1787, taking his wife with him. He 
was still there in 1791, as is shown by a letter from his sister, Jean Duff, 
written in that year to William Rose : 

' I am glad to hear you liave heard so lately from the ^lajor. . . . It is some 
time since I had a letter. He was then at Niagara, where he was afraid he should 
be obliged to remain for two years. I shall rejoice to find he gets home sooner 
than he then expected, for by his account it was wretched quarters they were at. 
Poor Mrs. Duff must have gone through many difficulties in travelling in such a 
country as the Back Settlements of Canada arc described. By every account I 
hear ot her she must be a very amiable prudent woman. I feel a strong pre- 
possession in her favour, and indeed I think the Major has been luieommonly 
fortunate in his choice.' 

Whether or not Major Duff remained in Canada for two years from IT'Jl, 
as is suggested in the above letter, wc do not know, but the next we hear of 
him is that he has settled down at Durham, and he must have left the Army 
in 1793, as his name does not appear in the list for 179-t. 

As stated above, Major William Duff married Dorothy Skelly in 1787, 
and by her had one daughter : 

Sophia Henkietta, born after 1790 ; married Rowland l\Iainwaring 
of Ball, and had issue. 

Major William Duff died at Durham in 1795, and is buried in the 
mausoleum at Duff House, where there is a monument to his memory. 
By his will, dated October 15, 1794, and proved January IS, 1800, besides 
providing for his widow, he left £500 to his sister Jane at Scarborough, 

Dorotlnj Duff [William s ividow) to Earl Fife 

'KiCHMu.Nn, YoiiK.-iiiiiK, Dec' 23rd, 1801. 
' My Lord,— I have to thank you for a letter which y" were so good as in- 
close me fr Lady Duff before you left Duff House, and after being so k)ng without 
hearing f your Lordship, was glad to have so good an account of you which was 
confirmed to me by -^'^ Miss Whartons who wrote me after ye Ball you gave them 
and that they seemed to have much enjoyed. I have to thank you, my Lord, 
likewise for your visit to Sophia at Doncaster, where, she tells me, you were so 
kind as to call upon her notwithstanding a very bad day on which you walked 


up Lo y° Schoijl, and by wliicli slic w;is nuicli IluLtcrcd. I had yc pleasure of 
receiving' lio- a few days aj^ii in pLrfccL licalLli when I nl iifiii-d lioirie after heiiifj 
near Liuee inouLlis wiLli my friends at Redmoss Hall. S..pliie is wonderfully 
grown, and is now nearly as tall as I am. When she was with me in Sunniier I 
had her at Scarborough two months for y^ sea bathing, which gave us an oppor- 
tunity also of being w* Miss Duff who wc had not seen for a very long time. She 
is by this time gone to L^ Norcliffe. I hope y^ much wished for Peace will be 
y6 means of bringing Sir James and L^ Duff soon to England. Your Lordship 
may perhaps have heard that my Brother is married. It took place here a week 
ago, before I came home, and he has entirely left ye army — in wliich he has relin- 
quished very flattering prospects. 

' Your Lordship would be sorry for y^ death of poor L<^ Adam Gordon — in 
whom I lose an affectionate relation and friend. I was deeply hurt at ye event- 
Sophia and I were to have spent this coming Christmas wt him at ye Burn. It 
was so settled when he was so kind as visit me here in ye summer, but our plans 
formed so long have proved vain. Sophia sends her duty to your Lordship.— 
W^ my respectful good wishes I remain, My Lord, your much obliged, etc., etc., 

' D. Duff. 

' The Earl of Fife, Fife House, London.' (7^.) 

Mrs. Duff subsequently married Captain Tobin, R.N., in 1804. 
The following document, found among the Rose papers, shows liow 
William Duff obtained his vote. Copy undated. 

' I, James, Earl of Fife, Viscount Macduff, Lord Braco, etc. In consideration 
of [a certain sum of money — noiv illegible] instantly advanced to mc by Lieuten- 
ant William Duff of the English Fuziliers, do by these presents grant, allienate 
and dispone to and in favour of the said Wm. Duff in liferent, during all the 
days of his lifetime, All and whole the lands of llatton of Long bride lying in 
the Barrony of Coxtoun, parish of Longbride, and sheriffdom of Elgin and Forres, 
all and liaill the lands of Murraystouns with the parts and pertinents lying in the 
Parish of Spynie and sheriffdom aforesaid.' 

Jean Duff was the natural daughter of James, second Lord Fife, and 
sister of James and William. No record has been preserved of the date of 
her birth, but she is known to have been older than her brothers, Sir James 
Duff of Kinstair and IMajor William Duff (as she was apparently at least 
seventeen in 1770). Nor do we know anything of her childhood, or where 
she lived. A few letters have been preserved, but they give very meagre 

Mary Ogilvy, Bath, to Earl Fife 

'Uath, Ihe 9 Aprile 1770. 
' My Lord, — I hope this shall find your Lordship and Lady Fife in good 
health ; some weeks ago I wrote your Lordship that Miss Duff neither liked a 


Boarding nor was a Scliool a proper place fur one ol Miss Duffs age nor sise ; 
Miss being quite a woman and I dare say will turn out to give your I.ordsliip 
great satisfaction, she being a prudent sensible young woman, she now lilies her 
situation, and I hope your Lordship will approve of it ; us Miss Duff will always 
be sure of leaving good company and lilcewise will have an opportunity of learn- 
ing Ilousewifry, Pickling and jirescrving, marketing and such things of that 
nature tliat your Loiiislii[> wanted Miss to get knowledge of. Doctor Gusthart 
has been with Miss and does not doubt but the Hath water and pumping her side 
will restore her to perfect health and strength, her disorder has been long settled, 
of course must take the longer time to perfect a cure, but the Doctor is positive 
she will be perfectly well, I must trouble your Lordship to send me four Franks, 
two to Lady Betty Anstruther, Couper in Fife, and two to Mrs. Chichester of 
Arlington, near Barnstaple ; I am sorry to give your Lordship this trouble, but 
as you was so good as offer to supply me I make bold to ask them and hopes you 
will excuse me freedom and believe me to be with regard and res])cct. My Lord, 
Your Lordships Jlost obliged obedient humble Servt., j\L\T!y OGrr.vv.' (D.) 

In 1771 ,Tcan was living at Berwick, and from tliere slie wrote very 
often to William Bose of MontcolTer, but, unlike those of Iicr brothers, her 
letters are somewhat prosy, and are chiefly concerned with her health and 
the health of her friends. She varies this subject with anxious inquiries 
about the date of arrival of her next draft, as it appears that William Rose 
was in the habit of paying to her her allowance from Lord Fife. On one 
occasion she writes to Rose : 

' I often deny myself the pleasure of writing to you when my inclination 
leads me, because having nothing of consequence to eonnnunieate, I naturally 
think my letters must be trilling to one who has got so much business to attend 
to. At the same time the hearing from one's friends is a satisfaction that we 
shoulil not neglect.' 

It is possible that Jean Duff, when a child, spent part of her time with 
the Roses, as she is constantly sending her love to Mrs. Rose (Rose's motlicr) 
and to Rose's -wife, and she often refers to the many happy days in the past. 

In 1778 she writes from Scarborough, and most of her subsequent letters 
are dated from that [ilacc. She complains very much of ' the bustle during 
the season there,' ami wishes to be out of it, but cannot give up her lodgings 
■ which she had taken for a year, for fear of her landlady. The arrival of the 
I'ressgang rouses her to make some trite remarks on its duties, and siie 
goes on to state that war with France is inevitable, ' though it is to be 
wished it may not commence until we arc in a better state to attack them 
than at present.' In the same letter she gives an unusually interesting 
piece of information : ' Wc have had an American Privateer at Whitcliaven 
(which is not far from Scarbro') that had formed a most diabolical ])lot 

VOL. 11. 2 K 


for the destruction of tlic town and sliippinff, but most linppily frus- 
trated by a timely diseovery.' Slie then allows herself some sententious 
reflections : ' Old England seems to be reduced to a sad state now, not only 
at war with herself,^ but on the eve of being engaged in a foreign one.' 
After which she begs Rose to ' excuse this jumble of nonsense.' 

Anon she complains that her ' finances are but in a poor state,' and goes 
on to saj^ that she has given Lord Fife some indication of it, ' but I am 
much afraid his Lordship does not pay much attention to hints of that 
kind.' In the same letter she refers to the death of Lady Helen Duff, 
and expressing her sympathy for the Adniiral, adds, ' they lived so happy 
together, so different from the modern couples that disgrace that state.' 

As far as we know, Jean Duff continued to live on at Scarborough, but 
the place and date of her death are not known. 

Jean Duff to JVilliarn Rose 

'ScAniiOROuoir, I'll' Oct. 1770. 
' . . . You would see by the Papers the Danger we were in of a visit from 
Paul Jones wlien he was off Scarbro'. Many of my Acquaintance was much 
alarmed with the apprehensions of his landing. For my own part I was perfectly 
composed, not having any thing of value to loose. The engagement was dread- 
ful. I stood upon the Cliffe untill between Eleven and Twelve o'clock. We 
saw the Firing verj' plain, but was at too great a distance to hear the reports. 
Had our Fleet been so fortunate as come the day following the engagement, 
Jones would have fallen an easy prey, as he lay off, mending Jiis sails and setting 
himself and his ships to right, all that day. Several Gentlemen, with the help 
of a glass, saw him and his company at work, which was very provoking — not 
to be able to send any slii]) to catch him, but he knew our weakness and upon 
that rested his security ' (Rose papers, Elgin CouranI).- 

• The War of American Independence. 

* John Pan! Jones, a commander in the American naval service, was born in Kirkcudbright- 
shire in 1747. His father, wliose name was John Paul, was gardener to Mr. Craik of Arbigland 
and to the Earl of Selkirk, and his mother, Jean Macduff, lady's maid to Jfrs. Craik. He 
entered the merchant service, was engaged in the American and West Indian trade, and is 
said to have realised a handsome fortune. On the outbreak of war between the colonics and 
the mother country he offered his services to the former, and in 1778, being then in command 
of the Ranger, he made a descent on Whitehaven, set lire to the shipping, and plundered the 
Earl of Selkirk's mansion. Next year, in command of the Bon Homiite Richard (42 guns), 
and a small squadron, he threatened Leith, and captured the British sloop Scrapis off Flam- 
borough Head. On his return to America he was neglected by Congress, and in 17S8 entered 
the Russian service with the rank of Rear-Admiral (on the recommendation of Louis xiv., to 
whom the Czar had applied), but, owing to the jealousy of the Russian commanders, soon re- 
tired from this service. He returned to Paris, where he died in poverty, July 18, 1792. The 
name ' Jones ' was assumed in An 


VVc liavc no actual proof of Jean Duff Iiaving been married, but in the 
Gentleman s JMagazinc and the Scots Magazine lor 1775 there is an entry : 
' Married at Berwick, April 5th, 1775, Henry Lascclles Ord and Miss Uuff, 
nearly related to Lord Fife,' which may possibly refer to her, though, if so, 
it is curious that she should still have retained her maiden name and con- 
cealed her marriage, even from William Rose. That the Miss Duff above 
mentioned is described as ' nearly related to Lord Fife,' justifies the theory, 
more especially as there has been, so far as is known, no other Miss Duff 
married to an Ord. Persistent efforts have been made to find the marriage 
register or any proof of this marriage, but without success.^ The couple, 
whoever they were, were probably eloping, as within a few miles of 
Bcrwick-on-Tweed was the small place known as Lanibcrton Toll, answer- 
ing to Gretna Green, on the west side of the Border, but the records pre- 
served there do not go back as far as 1775. The identity of the pair must 
therefore still remain in doubt, though the following extract from a letter 
among the Duff House papers shows that the theory above advanced 
gained some credence at the time. 

Alexander Stuart of Edinglassie to William Rose 

' Kdin«las.sik, 8 May 1775. 
' . . . I observed in the newspapers that a Miss Duff nearly related to Lord 
Fife was married at Bcrick to a Ilcndric Lassols Ord, Esqr. The dcsscription 
of the Lady makes mc apprehend she is l\Iiss Duff, Lord Fife's Daughter. In 
tluit case I hope it is a good marriage. The geiiUcnian lias got a valuable good 
wife. I wish she may have got as agreeable and valuable a husband, and that 
the Earl has aprovcd of the match. It will be obligcing if you will write me what 
you know of the matter.' (D.) 

But unfortunately, in this case, no note of the answer appears on the 
back of the letter. 

The only son of Sir James Duff and Basilia Dawes was born on Janu- 
ary 21-, 1801. lie was educated at Winchester College, and was subse- 
quently at Brazenose College, Oxford, where he matriculated in 1822, 
and left 1824. Three years afterwards he married, December 22, 1827, 
in Paris, Eliza Charlotte, daughter of Sir George Beeston Prescott of 
Theobalds, Herts, and resided chiefly at Tunes House, which belonged 
for life to his father, and woidd seem to have been made over to him. 
For several years of his married life he kept a brief journal of his daily 
doings. He seems to have had very indifferent health, and finally fell 

' In the History of Durham, by J. Kaine, Henry LasccUos Ord, second son of Francis Ord 
of Longridgo, baptised November ii, 1751, a Lieutenant in the Artillery, is stated to have 
' died unmarried,' so in any case the marriage was a secret one. 


into consuniplion, of wliicli lie died at liCamington on Fel)ruary 10, 1S37. 
lie iel'L J'oiir oliildreii, Iwo daugliters and two s(^ns : 

1. Eliza Geougiana (MiNNiK),born February 2, 18'29, at Gordon Castle. 
She married, January 17, 1850, as his second wife, John Tollemaehe, M.P., 
created first Baron Tollemaehe of Hclmingham, and had nine sons and 
one daughter: (1) John Delap, October 1850; (2) Hamilton James, 1852; 
(8) Murray, 185:3 ; (1) Stanhope Alfred, 1855 ; (5) DulT, 1859 ; (G) Douglas 
Alfred, 1802 ; (7) Strafford Ilaliday Robert Louis, 1801 ; (8) Ranulph, 
18CG ; (9) Jlortimer Granville, 1872 ; and one daughter, Rhona Cecilia 
Emily, 1857, married to Thomas Wood of Gwcrnfcd. 

Ford Tollemaehe died in 1800. Lady Tollemaehe now lives at Bourne- 

2. His second daughter, Louisa, Avas born at Funtington in 1S30, and 
married, in January 1852, Francis Capper Brooke of Ufl'ord Place, Wood- 
bridge, Suffolk, and had five children : (1) Reginald, born lS5i, Lieutenant 
1st Life Guards ; (2) Edward, 1856, formerly in the Grenadier Guards, now 
of UlTord Place; (3) Algernon, 1861, died 1863; (4) Constance, 1852, 
married Edward Lethbridge ; and (5) Florence, 1853, married R. E. Bored, 
great-grandson of Sir W. B. Borecl of Amsterdam. 

3. His eldest son, James, was born at Innes, and is thus noted in his 
father's diary. July 21, 1831, ' At half-past one, JMaster Jem arrived.' 
On October 12, ' Master Jem registered.' On December 22, ' Jem was 
christened, and was taken ill in the night, with cold and fever, caught at 
his christening.' His history will follow later. 

4. The youngest child, Alfred Alexande];, was born at Innes, Septem- 
ber 13, 1833, and christened in Elgin, October 15. He entered the Navy, 
and became ' a midshipman, acting as mate ' in 185 1. In 1857 he died 
and was buried in Canada. Administration of his estate of £30,000 being 
granted to ' his brother James, of the 23rd Welsh Fusiliers, now serving 
in the East Indies.' He is then described as ' i\Iidshipman, late of the 

James Duff himself seems to have been a great sportsman. His 
journals for the years 1830, 1831, 1833, 1835, 1836, arc filled with notes of 
his stalking and shooting, beagling and going out with harriers ; ^ and 
game-books of that period are also preserved. He was in very comfortable 
circumstances, and was able to indulge his hobbies of gardening, car- 
pentry and turning, liorse and dog breeding, etc. He seems to have seen 
a great deal of his second cousins, Lady Jane Tayler and Lady Anne 
\Vharton Dull and their families, who with the two Hewetts, husbands of 

The two latter forms of sport are now unknown in Morayshire. 

dang]<:rs of tkavi^j>tjxg 520 

liis sisters, and tlic Gordon Castle party, are i'rcqucntly mentioned in his 
daily records. 

In October 1831 lie describes a jo\irney to London : 

' Sat., Oct. 15. Lett Lines in the brilskii i for Englaiul wilh children, Eliza, 
and JIaids. (The children at that period were aged two years, one year and 
three months.) Dined at Aberdeen wilh Lady Jane, and went on board the 
steam boat at 8. Terrible ground swell just olT the Pier, which soon drove me 
to my miserable bed. 

' Sun., 10. Fine day, with a good breeze. Laid in Ixd all day, pitched about 
pretty nuieh all day. Some frightened thereat. 

' Mon., 17. Fine day, began to get a little better. Got out of bed and eat 
some Scotch broth. 

' Tues., 18. Landed about 3. Could not get om- carriage out, as the tide was 
too far back, came down to Ilendon in two Hackney coaches.' 

A letter from j\Irs. James Duff to the nurse left at limes in charge of the 
four children describes another voyage south, three years later : 

' London, May 2ith, 18S4. 
' We have been wrecked and had a most dreadful passage. \Ve left Dundee 
on Wednesday at 5 o'clock in the Penh, and at five o'clock in the morning of 
Thursday, the Machinery went to pieces, from the carelessness of the Engineer. 
Luckily our minute guns were heard by the SoJw, a Lcith steamer, which came 
and took us all on board. No births {sic), very filthy, a heavy swell and all very 
ill, we arrived last night half dead. I got your letter this morning with one 
directed to Funtington, to tell me about my darlings. I am indeed glad to hear 
they arc so well. We shall come back by land. I am well pleased that I have 
left you, as it keeps my mind casj', and the poor girl [evidently another maid\ 
docs her best for mc Good-bye, my gootl Lizzy. E. C. Durr.' 

James and his wife seem to have come to England every year to visit 
his father and mother at Funtington, and in the south also he tried to enjoy 
what sport there was, but found it poor. There is one entry, ' horribly 
disgusted with Sussex hunting.' He was a most fond father, being speci- 
ally devoted to his eldest daughter, Minnie, whose portrait he had painted 
by Landseer. On May 19, 1833, he notes, 'Took Minnie [aged four] to 
church for the first time.' August 1835, ' Took Minnie to school.' As his 
health became worse he seems to have tried the climate of Urighton and 
W^orthing, in both of which he was, as he describes himself, ' much bored.' 
His wife also was frequently ill. 

In May 1831, according to the Aberdeen Magazine of that date, James 


Duff ' declared liimself a candidate for the Elgin Burghs, versus Major 
Leith Hay,' hut, as the matter is not mentioned again, or in any other 
contemporary periodical, it seems probable that he very shortly abandoned 
the idea. His health would certainly never have stood the strain, as his 
lungs were always weak, and he suffered habitually from sleeplessness. In 
February 1835 he notes ' This being my time of year for being poorly, was 
so accordingly.' (lie was only to sec one more February.) At the same 
period he notes ' Jemmy ill with croupy cough.' 

A little later he describes how two doctors from Elgin ' shook their 
wise heads over me, somewhat alarmed, and gave lots of advice.' He then 
went to London for a consultation, but refused to believe that his lungs 
were diseased, and complains of mistreatment. Travel in those days, 
even in one's own carriage, was anything but comfortable, and James Duff 
notes many instances of crowded inns, bad food, damp beds, black beetles, 
etc. In one case he notes ' much bullied by bugs,' and in another place, 
' bien content d'etre chez moi.' He passed the winter and part of the 
summer of 1835 at Ryde, where he complained much of the heat, and in 
September returned to Innes. In November he quotes another doctor, 
M'Quin, who ' gives me promise of suffering.' In December he notes, 
' Alfy {aged txvo\ tumbled under the fire. God was gracious and little 
harm done.' In July 1836 he put himself under the care of the famous 
Dr. Jephson at Leamington, but it was apparently too late ; after this 
time he led an entirely invalid life, and all his valuable dogs were sold in 
that year at Tattersall s, fetching £100. In November he took a furnished 
house, 35 Lansdown Place, into which he ' was carried in a sedan chair,' 
and from that time onwards scarcely left his bed. On January 8, 1837, 
he records that his ' mother left, taking with her the two little girls ' ; the 
last entry is on January 26, when he says he ' passed a tranquil day.' On 
February 4, his family was hurriedly summoned to his dying bed, and his 
eldest sister Louisa has left a touching record of the last six days of his 
life. He died on February 10. 

A year later his widow married again, Frederick Thcllusson, after- 
wards fourth Baron Rendlesham, and became the mother of the fifth Lord 
Rendlesham ; she died in 1840. 

Jajies Duif, eldest son of the above James Duff, and great-grandson of 
the second Lord Fife, entered Rugby in 1845. On May 15, 185], he was 
gazetted Second Lieutenant 23rd Royal Welsh Fusiliers, Lieutenant April 
1854, Captain December 1854, Major 1858. The Annual Register of 187S 
contains the following account of his career : 

' Dec. 23rd, 1878, Col. James Duff, RLP. for North Norfolk, died at a late 
hour at his town residence, 30 Upper Brook Street. Colonel Duff was born at 


Innes House, Elgin, in 1831, and married in 1859 Mary Laura, daughter ol Mr. 
Edward Dawkins. He entered the Army in 1851. Serving in the Crimean War, 
he fought at Inkerman and was there taken prisoner. (He was in command of a 
picquet in tlie White Horse ravine, where he was captured.) At the close of 
the war he received the Crimean medal witli two clasps, and also some Turkish 
decoration.^ In April 1S7C, on the death of the lion. F. Walpole, Colonel Duff 
came forward as a eaiulidale for North Norfolk in the Conservative interest, and 
defeated Sir F. J. Buxton by a narrow majority. He became popular among all 
parties in the constituency through his courteous and gentlemanly bearing to 
all with whom he came in contact. He spoke well on military topics and took 
an active part in carrying the Norfolk and Suffolk Fisheries Act (1877) through 

He left five children : (1) Bernard James, born 18G7 ; (2) Granville 
John Berney, born 1SG9 ; (3) Mildred Blancue, born 18G0 ; (4) Lilian 
Amy, born 18G2, died 1900 ; (5) Catherine Basilia, born 1877. 

Mrs. Duff and her eldest son assumed, in 1882, the surname of Petre, 
from her uncle, John Berney Petre of Westwick, Norfolk, whose property 
she inhcriteil — the change being made under a clause in the will of her 
grandfather, Jack Pcti'c ; the other children retain the name of Duff. 

Bernard James Petre was educated at Eton, and was formerly in the 
18th Hussars. He retired as Major, and now lives at Westwick. He 
married his cousin, granddaughter of his grandmother by her second 
marriage, the Hon. Ruby Thellusson, and has one daughter, Juliana 
Egidia, born 1910, and a son, John Frederick Berney, born 1913. 

Colonel Bernard Petre went to India with the ISth Hussars. He 
served on the Staff Corps, and was present in the Burma Campaign of 1889- 
1890, in the Tirah Campaign, and in the South African War. He is now 
Colonel of the 5th Battalion (Territorial) Norfolk Regiment. Tirah medal, 
two clasps ; South African medal, three clasps ; King's medal ; Corona- 
tion medal. 

Granville Duff was also at Eton. lie served as Lieutenant with the 
12th Battalion Im])crial Yeomanry in the South African W'ar, 1899-1902; 
King's medal with two clasps. He was Captain in Itli Battalion Norfolk 
Regiment (Militia), and is Hon. Captain in the Army (Reserve of Ollicers). 

' Order of the Mcdjulic. 



JIany members of tlie Duff family have been ministers of the Estabhshed 
Church of Scotland, and those whose history has not been given under one 
of the family headings already dealt with are here grouped together. ^ 

It has been found impossible to make the list strictly chronological, but 
cross references arc given wherever practicable. Besides the various 
members of the family of Duff of Muldavit who were ecclesiastics, records 
liave been found of several others in the sixteenth and seventeenth cen- 
turies, particularly in Inverness. 

1. ' Dominus James Dm-, Vicar of Durris, 1552.' 

2. One Alexander Duff was reader at Dykeside 15G7-15S5. 

3. Thomas Duff was reader at Edinkillie 15'JG. 

4. Ja:mes Duff, parson of Kinoir in 15S0, will be found under the 
Torriesoul familv. C'iiapLer xxii. 

5. Alexander Duff, minister of Golspie, ratified promise of marriage 
to Jean Douglas, daughter to ' umqull ' John Douglas, burgess of Elgin. 
Later, his horse was seized for £50 (presumably Scots) for failing to marry 
Jean, 1G2G. 

C. John Chalmcr, translated from Inveravon to Gartly, in 1649 married 
Jean Duff, daughter of Adam DulT of Drunmiuir, and their eldest son 
William was also minister of Gartly in IGGG, and of Rathven 1G99. 

They had, besides, the following children : John, Adam, Alexander, 
Janet, Elizabeth, Jane, Beatrice, and Isabel. 

7. One Hugh Duff was ministerof Fearn, Ross-shire, from 1 098 to 1739. 
Nothing is known about him, but he presumably belonged to the same 

1 For many of the details given we are indebted to Mr. Rcc's Presbytery of Strallibogie ; 
also to information lundly supplied by the present incumbents of the various parishes. 


family as Christian Duff, first wife of Provost William Uuff, as that family 
held property in Nigg and other parts of Ross-sliirc ; it is also conjectured 
lluit they were originally of the same family as the IMuldavits, and had 
settled further north. 

8. Hugh Duff's son William was in his day a famous personage. He 
was a professor in IMarischal College, Aberdeen, about 1730, having been 
admitted Regent in 1727, but in the year 1738 he quarrelled with the 
authorities and was ' extruded forth from the University,' and in the 
following year he published in London The case of William Duff, showing 
the barbaroits treatment, of an honest faintly, and in 17-19 the first volume 
of a History of Scotland. ^ 

Baird in liis Memoirs of the Duffs, after giving his name wrongly as 
' Robert,' and stating that he came from Orkney, says. ' In his history of 
Scotland there are some good things, particularly a description of the 
manner of building and fortifying the old Castles in this Kingdom, but he 
was of an ill temper and fell out with his fellow professors and left the 

He had married, in 1727, Sarah Hamilton, and had six children. 

The three following letters, wliich were discovered by the present 
writers amongst the Sloane MSS. in the British IMuseum, show how poor 
William Duff fared during the early part of his residence in London. 
Nothing further is known about him, nor of the fate of his five remaining 
children. (One died in London.) 

' To the Honourable Sir Hans Sloune, 

att his house in Bloomsbury Square. 

'Sept. tst." 
' IIoxouiiABLE Sir, — I return you my sincere and hearty thanks for your 
favour and goodness in lending my family a crown, some time agone. I should 
still be glad to serve Sir Hans Sloane for it and doe all in my power to be grate- 
full. I have taken the liberty to send the bearer to know if you have anything 
to doc in the way of writing att present. I should endeavour to doe it to your 
satisfaction, for I have a great family of six children to support and nothing to 

' ' A new fall, critical, biographical and gcograpliical History of Scotland, containing the 
History of the Succession of their Kings, from Robert ]3rnco to the present time, with an im- 
partial aeconiit of their constitution. Genius, manners and customs, with a gcograpliical de- 
scription of the Several counties, their commodities, rarities, Antiquities and commerce, 
Together with an appendix of a short, but just history of their most remarkable writers and 
learned men, and a map of each county in Scotland. Pro Roge et Patria. By an impartial 
hand. London. Printed for the autlior and sold by the book sellers of Loudon and West- 
minster, 1749.' A second edition of the first volume was issued in 1750. No oilier volumes 
ever appeared. 

' No year given, but from internal evidence 1739-17 |o. 
VOL. IT. 2 F 


doc it with ; and my trust is in Gentlemen of Learning and Polite Knowledge to 
doc somewhat for me. IMy circumstances are so straitened that without some 
Inisiness my family must starve. Therefore I was under necessity to undertake 
something in the way of my own business and to advertise some Lectures in 
Natural and Experimental Philosophy. But I am afraid, without the Counten- 
ance and help of some friends, I shan't be able to goc on, the Expense of Instru- 
ments being beyond what I can afford. The Lectures began last week, and are 
continued upon Wednesdays in the City and Fridays in High Ilolborn. Some 
worthy good Englishmen liavc been pleased to contribute their help and assist- 
ance toward supporting me to carry on the Design : I take the Liberty to address 
myself to you who arc so eminent a promoter of everything that is good and in- 
genious, who arc known to delight in being usefull and in doeing benefieient and 
generous actions for the encouragement of learning. If you be })lcascd to doe 
nie the honour and favour to be a Contributor and Subscriber I will be always 
exceedingly bound to j'ou and be ready on all occasions to show my gratitude. 

' The subscription for the whole Lectures is a guinea, which I acknowledge 
by receipt, and the enclosed ticket gives admittance to any Gentleman Sub- 
scriber or to his friend whom he sends. Please to pardon this application which 
arises from the most intire confidence in your lionour and goodness toward one 
who inclines to doe for his family but cant find business : I have no motive to 
encourage you to this but your goodwill and my necessity. The bearer will carry 
your answer to mc carefully and honestly. I wish you and all your Concerns the 
greatest prosperity and happiness, and I have the lionour to lie, Honourable Sir, 
Your most humble, obedient, and devoted Servant, William Duff.' 

'Sept. 7th. 
' Honourable Sir, — I have sent according to your Desire for your answer 
to mine and I hope and look for the honour of having Sir Ilans Sloane's favour 
to promote my design. The Lectures did begin only last week so that yet only 
two are over, and tho' they may not be so worthy of your regard and notice yet 
any of your choice or friends is entitled to the whole course of the Lectures by 
the ticket ; and as it is the only present mean I can have for the support of so 
numcroiis a family I take the liberty to depend on your generous favour for which 
I shall endeavour to be suitable thankful and gratcfull, and I have the honour to 
be, Honourable Sir, Your most humble, obedient, and devoted servant, 

' William Duff.' 

' Honourable Sir, — By the goodness of a spitefull Landlord ; I and my five 
children are turned out of Doors and Left to Perish in the fields : I know you a 
man of honour, I ha-\'e all my friends from town and I am exceeding sorrj' to 
send or trouble a man whom I justly regard and honour so much as I doe Sir 
Hans Sloanc, but I not haveing a farthing to lodge or accomodate five and 
myself ; I hope and believe there is so much honour and humanity in London 
as wont allow us to be exposed ; I ask you, Dear Sir, pardon for telling my con- 
dition, and if you, who are in all respects a Gentleman and a man of honour, 


be pleased to show any regard to such barbarous and uneoiuniou Ireatniciit : 
\vc shall e\'er be much bound to you and most gratcfull. I had rather dye or be 
shot than apply if it were not for my children. The bearer is my Son and will l)c 
very carefull. \Vishing Sir Hans Sloane may (in Providence) have a hundred 
pounds for every shilling given us, I have the honour to be till Death, Honourable 
Sir, Your most affectionate, Wiluaji Duff.' 

Sir Hans Sloane, born 1660, died 1753, was made a baronet 1716. 
Among his papers arc innumerable appeals for help, pecuniary and pro- 
fessional, and it is clear that he was rarely asked in vain. He settled in 
Bloomsbury Square in 1689, and retired to Chelsea 1741. 

These letters, therefore, must have been written shortly after Professor 
William Duff's arrival in London, before he had exchanged the business of 
lecturer for that of historian. From the tone of the last letter it seems 
probable that he received substantial help from Sir Hans Sloane. 

9. Robert Duff, son of Robert Duff of Hilloekhead (who died 1754), 
was presented to the living of Kildrummy by William Duff of Brace in 
1718, and must therefore have been born about 1690. 

He was translated to Aberlour in 1719, and died there 1738. 

He married Isabel Innes of Culquoich, and had five children : Patiuck, 
William, John, Mary, and Marcjarf.t. 

The will of Isabel Innes, who died October 15, 1780, is preserved at 
Somerset House. She left all her furniture to her son William, with the 
exception of a ' chest of mahogany drawers ' to her eldest son Patrick, and 
a ' bed to Bell Lumsden.' 

10. Patrick, the eldest son, born 1728, was minister of Glcnbuckct for 
one year 1754. In 1755 he was transferred to Old Maehar, which charge he 
held until his death in 1784, but continued to have a tack of land in Glen- 
bucket, and numbers of his letters on the subject of crops, valuations, etc., 
to Lord Fife's factor are among the Rose papers. The following, from the 
Duff House papers, is the only one of any interest. 

Mr. Patrick Duff to Lord Fife, ' informing of the death of the minister of 
Edit ' : 

' Mv LoKi),--Sonu' linu- ago I gave your Lordship the trouble of a letter in 
favours of my brother lor the Kirk of Eglit. uliieh it was ])ro))ab]o at that time 
would be soon vacant. I have heard that Mr. Willoks has been dead some days 
ago, and thcrefoic I hope your Lordship will not be offended w' me for again 
suggesting it to you whether it would not be proper to make Glcnbuckct the first 
settlement for all your Ministers, and to promote them afterwards according to 
their merit and whether Mr. Thomson's services would not be very well rewarded 
wt this settlement to begin with. I will not presume to add one word more on 


the subject excepting that when your Lop comes to any fixed Resolution w' 
respect both to this affair and the business of my last letter I should be glad to 
know it. I beg leave to offer my most respcetfull compliments to the Countess 
and all your good family. I have the honour to be, My Lord, Your Lordships 
most obedient and most humble servant, Pat. Duff. 

'O. Aiii-RDEKN, March 21, 17G1.' 

His mother also wrote to Lady Fife on bchall' of William : 

'Srd Feb. 17C1, Gj.knuuckkt. 

' ]\Iy Lady, — I'erniit me to take this opportunity of returning my most 
respectful and hcartycst thanks for the encouragement you have been pleased to 
give to an application I made some months ago to your Ladyship in behalf of 
my son and this Madam is a fresh instance of that good will and kindness which 
your Ladyship has often condescended to express to me in the most obliging 
manner and by real services. When I did myself the honour to write to your 
Ladyship in favour of my son I had no particular view to any settlement as I 
knew of none vacant in My Lord Fife's gift at that time. I only intended 
with the outmost deference and respect to sollicit your Ladyships interest on 
his account when it might be most properly and successfully employed. 

' An op25ortunity of this kind seems to offer at present as there is an apjJcar- 
ancc of a vacancy being like to happen in the Church of Eeht by the Death of 
Mr. Willoks the present Minster who is thought to be in a way that he cannot 
live long. May I presume in the event of his death to request that your Ladyship 
would recommend my son to Lord Fife as his successor. It was not without a 
good deal of pain that I i^revailcd with myself to sollicit your Ladyship's interest 
for the ofliee of a man still in life, but I considered that if I delayed others 
jjerhaps would not be so delicate as to do the same, and would be before hand in 
their application. This circumstance determined me to do a thing to which 
I should otherwise have been extremely averse ; and this I hope will excuse me 
to your Ladyship upon account of this early address. 

' I beg leave to present my most humble compliments and best wishes to your 
Ladyship, Lord Fife, and all your noble family in which my son desires most re- 
spectfully to join, and to declare that high esteem and gratitude with which I 
have the honour to be. My Lady, Your Ladyship's much obliged, most obedient, 
and most faithfull servant, Isaisell Inxes.' [D.) 

Patrick Duff married, in 17G4, Harriet Lumsden, who died in 1777, and 
in the same year lie married again, Elizabeth Forbes, who survived him, 
dying in 1S28. Both his wives arc buried in the ciuirchyard of Old Machar 
Cathedral, Old Aberdeen. 

11. William Duff, tlie second son, was a well-known writer. He was 
born in 1735, and in 1755 succeeded liis brother Patrick as minister of 
Glcnbuckct ; in 17G7 he was transferred to Peterculter, and in 1775 to 
Foveran, whei-e he died in 1815. 


Baird's Memoirs thus allude to him : ' One of the sons oL' the minister 
at Aherlour is author oC an clcnanl and learned perrormanee in the JJclles 
Lcttres, dedicated to Lord LillJelon, and is now about iiuhiishing; anotlicr 
work, to be dedicated to Lord Fife.' His works were (amongst others) : 
Essay on Original Genius and its various modes of exertion in PhilosopJiy, 
etc., 1767 ; Critical Observations on the Writings of the most celebrated 
Geniuses in Poctri/, 1770 ; Letters on the Intellectual and Moral Character 
of Women, 1S07 ; The Last Address of a Clergyman, in the Decline of Life, 

lie was also a contributor to Sinclair's Statistical Account of Scotland. 

There is a stone at Foveran to his memory, and to that ol' two of his 
daughters, Helen and Isabella. 

He married, in 17GS, Anne Mitchel (who died in 1797), and had two sons 
and fiv'e daughters : 

Ai.KXAXDEK, 1771-1809, went to Amhertsburgh, Upper Canada, where 
sons and grandsons of his were living in 1S71. One of the latter, named 
Alexander Callam, wrote to Major Lachlan Duff in 1809, claiming kinship. 

KoBEUT, born 1790, went to Batavia, where he died in 1815, shortly 
before his father.^ 

Helen, 1773-1848, and Isabella, 1775-1847, died unmarried. 

Jeax, married John Booth, merchant in Aberdeen, in 1805. 

ALvuY, born 1785 ; married, on October 15, 1803, at the nianseof Foveran, 
yVlcxander Forbes of Jamaica, but ' ilicd of consumption in Aberdeen, at 
tlie early age of twenty-three, February 1808.' - 

j\L\kgaret, the youngest daughter, married James Pcrrj', surgeon of 
Bilbo Park, Logic Buchan, and had several children. 

12. WiLLLXJi UuEE, natural soir of William Duff of I5raco, who died in 
1718, was born about 1700. He was appointed minister of King Edward in 
1733, and remained there thirty-two years; he was then transferred to 
Uothiemay, where his ministry lasted for thirty-one years. He became 
the intimate friend of his relatives at Rothiemay House, and his death is 
mentioned with regret in several family letters. He died August 23, 178G, 
' ii\ very advanced age,' at Glcnbuckct, at the house of his third son. 

He married, in 173 1, Anna Turing, sister of the minister of Oync, and had 
four sons — Patkick, Robert, William, and John, three of whom were 
ministers ; and three daughters— Helen, Jean, and Anne, Elizabeth, the 
latter born in 1747. 

The son Patrick died in Jamaica in 1779, leaving money to his father, 

' Scots Magazine. - Ibid. 


fiis brothers Rohcrt fiml ^Villialn, ;uul his sisters Helen and Anno {Jamaica 

IS'olhiiif,' I'urtlier is known of any of liie dauylitcrs. 

lii. RoiiKKT DuFj', second son of tlic preceding, was horn in 1739, and 
succeeded his father in 17Go as minister ol' King Edward, where he remained 
for fifty years, tluis making eighty-two years of Duff ministry in that 
parisli. He married, in 1785, his cousin Janet Turing, dauglitcr of the 
minister of Oyne, and had three sons and four daughters : 

James, born 17S6 ; an East Indian cadet 1803, Lieutenant ISOt, lost 
at sea in the wreck of the Duchess of Gordon, ]\Iarch 14, 1809. 

Anne, 1787-1867 ; married Charles 'William Gibbon, minister of 
Lonmay, and had three sons — Thomas, Robert, and William Duff Gibbon, 
estate agent in Ceylon, and two daughters — Amelia Anne and Robina. 

Grace, the second daughter, born 1789, died in Banff 18G7. 

Robert, born 1791 ; drowned at sea, the ship being burnt. 

William, born 1793, was a doctor, and was killed in the famous retreat 
from Kabul, 18t'2. 

Helen, 1791-179G, ' drowned in the burn.' 

Janet, 1790-1 851, lived with her sister Grace in Banff. 

The following story is taken from J. A. Henderson's Aberdeenshire 
Epitaphs : 

' The Kcv. liobcrt Duff, who was a courtly mannered gentleman, followed 
the practice of asking, after performing the marriage ceremony, the leave of the 
l)ridegroom to kiss the bride. Upon one occasion, on jiutting the question in his 
usual dignilied manner, he got the nonelialant answer, "Help j'oursel." ' 

There are several letters to and from the Rev. Robert Duff among the 
luamiseripts in the British Museum, and others among the Rose corre- 
spondence and in the Duff House papers, but they are not of general 
interest, with the exception of the following : 

Lord Fife to Mr. Robert Duff Minister at King Edivard (1768) 

' Siu, — On account of the sjiiritual good of the people of my town of Doun * 
and neighbourhood, no^v turned very numerous, and as they are at a distance 
from the j)arish church and from the Reverend Gentleman who has tlic conunon 
concern of them, I intend to settle the bearer, Jlr. Peterkin, among them, who 
is recommended as a very fit person to take the charge of tlic people, to instruct 
them in their duty, see their children educated in tlie necessary branches of 
eiluealion lit for their situation, and to bring tlR-ni u\) in good principles and 

' Now MacJutf. 


rclif-i"!!. I will, tluirfoiv, Ikj (>l)ligc(l to you l.o lay Lliis IjLfoic: lliu pnshylciy 
of Tuniff, prcsciiLiiiK my f()iMi)litiKiil,s ia llii- iin.iiiljtrs of iL, lioping llicy will ;,'ivc 
l.licir ap])i-ohaUoii to LliLs scttlciiiciit willi the [iropcr banctioii in tlic matter. I 
am, Sir, your most humble servt., Fife.' (li). 

\i. William Uiui", third son of tlie minister of King Edwarti and 
llothiemay, was born about 1741. lie was Englisli ISIastcr at the Banff 
Academy, and succeeded his namesake and remote cousin in tiie living 
of Glenbucket in 17G7, being the third minister of the name of Duff in 
succession to hold this living. He was translated to the j^arish of Kcig 
in 1772, but died there almost directly after his arrival. 

15. Joiix Duff, his younger brother, fourth son of the minister of King 
Edward and Rothiemay, was born 1745 ; educated at King's College, 
Aberdeen, 17G1-17()5 ; licensed l)y the Presbytery of Turriff in 1775 : 
ordained in 177G ; and appointed to the jiarish of Cirange, where he died 

10. There was one Robert Duff who apjjlied for the living of Rhynie in 
1716, and solicited the interest of the lairds of Torriesoul and Rirkenburn, 
but nothing further is known about him. He may have been the same 
man who afterwards held the living of Aberlour. 

17. Alf,x.\ndf.r Duff was minister of Tibbcrmuir, Perthshire, from 
1762 to his death in 1785. It is not known to what family he belonged, but 
presumably to the Perthshire branch. He was born in 1733 ; took his degree 
at St. Andrews in 1752; licensed 175S ; and married, in 1704, Henrietta 
Thomson, who died 1814. He had one son Ja:\ies, a merchant in Perth. 
Alexander Duff wrote a history of the Cowrie IMystery, entitled Traditional 
Account of the tozvn of Pcrili, conrcrning tite death of Joint, Earl (if Goivrir, 
and his brother Alexander linthven, in the year 1000, jiublished 1785. 

18. ALF.XAxnF.u Di'KF, minister of Monymusk, was probably of the 
family of George Duff of Edindiaeh. He was born in 1741, and studied at 
King's College, Aberdeen, from 1759 to 1702. He was subsequently school- 
master at Achairn, Keith, and Newmill, and was ordained in 1790, and 
became assistant to the minister of Monymusk in 1781, being presented 
to this living, which he held until Ids death on Ecbruary 2, 1814. He was 
the last minister to be bulled within the church. 

He married Elizalulli IMorlimer, who died in 1791, and had two 
daughters, died lumiarrietl, A \s\: m 1785, and the last surviving in 1857 
(at which period a legacy left by Alexander Duff to the parish became 


;ivailahlc). There was one son, Li;wi,s Ar.ioxANDKii,, born 17G8, schooInuisLer 
of Monymusk, who died in 18J0, k-aving a widow, Mary Garden, wiio died 
I hrce months laler, hut had no issue. 

19. William Duff, son of John Duff and Margaret Latimer, was born 
and baptised at Dryfesdale (now Lockerbie) in January 1790, ^ and was pre- 
sented by Lord Fife to the living of Grange in December 1821, being then 
English Master in the Academy of Banff, having been licensed by the 
Presbytery of Loclniiaben in 1817. His great-grandmother was one of the 
thirty-six children of Patrick Duff of Craigston, who had married one 
Benjamin Duff, an Irishman. He was a personal friend of the fourth 
Lord Fife, who was very kind to all his children. He married, on October 
IS, 1821, Mary Steinson of Elgin, who died 1875 ; he died in 184 k 

There were nine children : 

1. William Latimer, 1822 ; afterwards General U.S.A. 

2. Caroline Maria I\L\nners, 1824 ; called after the wife of the fourth 
Lord Fife. 

3. James, born and died 182G. 

4. JoHX, 1827 ; j\I.A. of Aberdeen ; died 1848. 

5. Andrew PL\lliday, 1829 ; so named after his father's friend and 
fellow-student. Sir Andrew Halliday, sometime Domestic Physician to the 
Duke of Clarence, afterwards King William iv. 

0. Mary Keith, 1832-1848. 

7. James Smith, 1834, still living in Chicago. 

8. Jane Simpson, 1837 ; married .James Martin of Macduff. 

9. i\L\RGARET, 1840. Died young. 

AVi[.i.ia:\[ lyATiMi.K began life in the Union IJank in Hanff, but, after his 
fallu r's death went to America, where he man-ied, in IS.'A), Anne Esther 
Francis, and had two sons— William Latimer (18r)3) and Charles Francis 
(1855), who died in infancy; and three daughters— (1) Mary Steinson, 
1S5G-1910, married to Hugh Stewart, Solicitor, Elgin, and had four sons 
and live daughters, JOditli, William, Evelyn, Charles, Catherine, George, 
Oohna, David, and .Mcta ; (2) Edith Jane, 1857-1802 ; and (3) Sarah 
J5aker (Sa]{ena), 1859, now living in Folkestone, to whom we are indebted 
for the following account of her father's career : 

' He volunteered in the early part of the Civil ^Var, and having some military 
knowledge, was appointed Chief of Artillery on General Grant's staff, which 

' He was the tliird cliild of his parents, the baptisms of nine others being thus recorded, 
l)ul nothing is known of tliem : 

lySii, llcniuniin ; 1788, t'.risscll ; 1790, William; i7yi,Amhew; 1793, John ; T79G, James ; 
179S, Matthew ; iSoo,Thuma3; iSoi, Margaret ; iSo.i, Andrew. 


position lie occupied iiuLil Lhu end of Llie war. lie was present ut the surrender 
of Vieks))nr^' in tH(i:i, :ind ut many other engagements. A coat of his, riddled 
with bullet holes, is still preserved, and he twice had his horse shot under him ; 
on one occasion the rebels coming up to finish him, he feigned death, and they 
went away, leaving the supposed corpse. At the end of the war he was offered 
a colonelcy in the Regular Army and the command of a Regiment in Mexico, 
or the Consulship at Glasgow, and chose the latter (with the rank of General), on 
his mother's account. When Grant was succeeded in the Presidency by Hayes 
in 1870, a new Consul was appointed, and General Duff came to London. lie 
was correspondent for the A'ctd Yoi-k Herald throughout the Franco-Prussian 
war, was one of the first to enter Paris after the siege, and was present at the 
triumphal entry into Berlin and at the dinner given by the Emperor. He had a 
curious experience in France : his valise with all his credentials was stolen, and 
notice given to the police. He subsequently found it in a railway carriage, and 
upon leaving the train was arrested for having in his possessit)n stolen property, 
and could not be released until Lord Dunravcn (then Lord Adare) came to 
identify him. 

' He went to reside in Elgin (of which he became a bailie) in 18S1, and died 
there June 29, ISOl.' 

The General wrote thus in tlic Family IJiljle regarding his father : 

' The Rev. W. Duff died at Manse of Grange on 23rd September 1844, having 
been incumbent of the Parish for 23 years. He was a got)d husband and father, 
whose whole life was the practice and precepts inculcated in this Holy Book. I, 
his son, bear this testimony to his character, and record it here that it may, with 
Gon's help, induce his descendants to follow his example. 

' W. Latimer Duff.' 

Caholine Mauia Manners married, in 1842, Ilcnry M. Eldcrton. She 
was a great favourite witli the fourth Lord Fife, who attended the wedding 
and presented the bride with a Duff tartan shawl. 

Mrs. Elderton, who died in 1875, had two sons, Charles Keith and 
Ernest Christopher, and one daughter, Edith, still living, besides six others, 
William, Ilcnry, Mary, a second Henry, Benjamin Felix, and Septimus, all 

Andrew IlAiJ,ii)AY,thethird son, was educated at Aberdeen University, 
and afterwards went to London, where he adopted a literary career, and 
dramatised many of the works of Charles Dickens. He also wrote for the 
Morning Chronicle, Leader, Cornhill Magazine, and All the Year Round, 
using as 7io)n. de plume his Christian names only. 

ITc founded the Savage Club, and at its fifty-fifth annual dinner, 1912, 
Sir John Hare, in responding to the toast of the ' Visitors,' said that no 
doubt many of them remembered, with strong and affectionate regret, 

VOL. II. 2 o 


their founder, Andrew Ilalliday, and quoted the bon-niot of Harry Lcii^h 
on being introdueed to Ilaliiday's brother, and learning wjiat. was ins real 
name, to the effeet that ' Positive was Dull', comparalivo was duller, and 
superlative Halliday ! ' 

Halliday was married, but had no ehildren ; he died in 1877. 

James, the fourth son, went to America in 1852, and still lives in 
Chieago. He married, in 1860, Pamela Amanda Killiek, and has four 
children : 

1. Ella May, married John Brown, Chicago. 

2. AViLLLVM Latimeu. 

3. Edith Ann, married George Cardinal, Colorado. 

4. jMary, married Arthur i\Iaderis, Denver. 

20. One John Duff of the Perthshire Duffs, was minister of Kinfauns 
in 1797, D.D. ISll, and died 181G. He married, 1801, Miss Helen Barron, 
who died at Richmond in 184J., and had two daughters, Henkietta, who 
became Mrs. Baillie, and Margaket, who became Mrs. Jobson. 

John Duff had an uncle, Peter Duff, a merchant in Perth, died 1806. 

21. David Duff, minister of Moulin in Perthshire, took his degree at 
St. Andrews in 1802, and was successively at Fordoun, Kenmore, and 
St. Andrews. Married, in 1810, Grace M'Laggan, and had issue. 

22. Robert Duff, schoolmaster of Rhynie in 1835, was afterwards 
minister of All Saints, Berbice, Demerara ; he was of the family of Duffs 
of New Noth (q.v.). 

23. There was one James Duff, minister of Metliil, Fife, in 1855. 

24. Alexander Duff, minister of Kirriemuir, 1887, son of Duncan 
Duff, teacher, Perlh. 

25. Alexander Duff, the well-known Indian missionary, born April 26, 
1806, and died at Sidmouth 1878, was of the family of the Perthshire Duffs 
of Fandowie. 

His father was James Duff, gardener and farmer at Auchnahagh, and 
his mother, Jean Rattray, of the same place. He was educated at St. 
Andrews, and became the first missionary sent by the Missionary Com- 
mittee of the General Assembly to India. 

He was ordained in August 1829, and started inmiediately, but was 

DT?. y\LEXANDER duff r, in 

sliif)wrcckcd twice on liis voyaffo to Calcutta. Tie opened a scliool in 
Calcutta, and was the pioneei- ol' JCnj^lish and general, as well as of religious, 
education. lie also, from the beginning, trained up native preachers. 
In 183-1 he returned to Scotland to recruit his health, as well as to arouse 
interest and raise funds, and when he went back to India in 1840 he found 
his college housed in a magnificent building, and attended by sLx hundred 

The disruption of the Scottish Church occurred in 1813, and as all the 
foreign missionaries adhered to the new Free Church, they found them- 
selves obliged to resign all their buildings, books, etc., and start afresh ; 
but a new institution was built, and the education given there proved so 
excellent that in 1841 Lord Hardinge declared Government appointments 
to be open to its students on the same terms as to the students of Govern- 
ment colleges. In 1849 Alexander Duff was again at home, and in 1851 
he presided over the General Assembly of the Free Church. In 1854 he 
went on a preaching tour in America. 

In 185G he returned to India, and two years later published in book form 
a series of letters which he had contributed to The Witness newspaper on 
Tlic Indian ]\lutinij, its Causes and llesults. For seven years he super- 
intended the work of his school in Calcutta, and the foundation of the 
University there. On his final departure for his native land in 18G3, the 
memorial in his honour took the form of tiie erection of a marble hall, and 
the founding of foiu- Duff scholarships. A gift of £11,000 made to him 
was invested for the benefit of invalid missionaries. On his way home he 
visited South Africa, and later on he went to inspect the missions in Syria. 
He was the first occupant of the missionary chair in the New College, 
Edinburgh, and in 1873 again presided over the Free Church Assembly. 
lie died in 1878. 

He was the author of a large number of religious works. 



The Duffs of Findowic or Fandowie claim to represent the original stock 
of the old Earls of Fife. They have the authority of Sibbald's History of 
Fife and Kinross, in -which occurs the following passage : ' There were 
several Cadets of the ]\Iacduffs, Earls of Fife, viz. the Predecessors of the 
Earls of Weems and the Predecessor of ]Mackintosh, who in his mother 
tongue calls himself INIaktosich AVickdhuie, that is, the son of the Thane 
who was the son of Duff, the Predecessor of Toskay of Minevaira and the 
predecessors of the Earon of Fandiij^, Craigtoun and others of the name of 
Duff, who still retain the Sirname Duff.' This is from the edition of 1710. 

"William Baird, in his history of the Duffs, has the following passage : 
' One Jlr. Duff, a clergyman near Perth, a very ingenious, sensible man, 
told me, August 2Sth, 17GS, that the estate of Findowie was possest by a 
family of his name for nearly three hundred years.' 

There is a charter by King James i. in the year 1431, of the lands of 
' Wester Fandowy in the barony of Strathurde and shire of Perth, which 
lands formerly belonged to Gilbert, son of William, and were resigned by 
liim into the King's hands, in favour of Finlay, the son of John Duf and 
Christina, his spouse, 1-131 ' {Historical Manuscripts Commission Records). 

Another account says the lands of Ballinloan and Findowie ^ (the two 
estates seem to have gone together) were bestowed on a Duff by James iv. 
(1488-1513) in return for hospitality. 

The traditions of this family are fairly complete for the last three cen- 
turies. One .Tohn Duff or Jhieduff, otherwise Ferguson of Fandowie in 
Atliolc, was hangctl at Perth, August 13, IGOO, for his share in the Gowric 
consjiiracj^ This John Duff had previously fought for Queen Mary at 
Langside. In the Privy Council Register, Edinburgh, Duncan Duff, 
brother of David Macduff of Fandowy, is also mentioned in 1G02. These 
must have been sons of John Macduff who was hanged, and from David 

' In the list of ' fines for resetting the Clan Gregor,' Pyivy Council Records, 1624, the following 
names occur of ' pcrsones not conlcnit in the Gentlemen of Alholl's band.' 

John Gromich McDulf. David McDiitf, alias Barrown. 

James Duff, younger of Fandowie. AUestcr McDulf, his brother. 

Allestcr McDuff in Tullcbcltane. 


is descended Ihc jjroscnt Alexander Maeduff of Bonhard, the seventh 
generation from John. 


David, died 10 17. 


Alexander, died 1708. 

Alexander of Bonhard, 1008-17C5. 

Alexander of Eonhard, :7G2-1S00. 


Alexander of Bonhard, I7i)2-1S1G, m. Margaret Ross. 

Alexander of Bonhard, 1S16-18G0, m. Mary Brown of Jordanhill. 

Alexander of Bonhard, 1849, m. Edith Shield. 

Alexander of Bonhard, 1SS4, Cameron Highlanders. 

The following letter was presumably written by the seeond Alexander 
in the above table : 

Alexander Maediijf, Ferih, to Emi Fife 

' My Loud, — Mr. MeUuff son to Archibald McDuff of Ballinloan.^ bearer 
hereof, has got a ih-st Lieutenants Commission in Captain Robert Campbell's 
Company of Highlanders to be furthwith raised now lying at Stirling. This 
young man's father and his predecessors liave been Lairds of the said possession 
which lyes in Strathbrann in this County, near to Dunkcld for some hundreds 
of years. That as Perthshire has been within these few years much exhausted 
of men for the Army and Navy by the numbers of Commissions which have 
been granted to Noblemen and Gentlemen's sons I am afraid that the bearer 
who is your Lop.'s namesake and my friend may have great difficulty in raising 
his Quota of the Company, I have used the freedom to api^ly your Lordship in 
his favours that you may give him your countenance and assistance, for I should 
be sorry if any one of the name should not be able to raise his proportion of men 
with the rest of the olFicers in the Compauy.^I always am, with the greatest 
respect and esteem, My Lord, Your Lordships most humble and most obedient 
servant, Alexk. McDuff. (D.) 

'I'mxii, 4th October 1700.' 

The Macduffs of Stanley, of Strathord, Tomnagrew, etc., are of the 
same stock as the original Findowie family ; the latter is now all dispersed 
from its native country. 

A walking-stick bearing the following inscription was long preserved 
in one branch of the family : ' Johnne Duff, Baronne of Fandowie, IGOO.' 

' At tliis date he was apparently not of ' Findowie,' but the Ballinloan property seems to 
have passed into the hands of another branch of Duffs, who were not Jacobites. Ballinloan 
was sold in the last century by a Captain Dull, who afterwards went to live in Dumfriessliire. 


The Duffs of Ballinloan find Findowic always considered themselves 
the eliiefs of the ehui. Tliey were all Jaeohilcs, and disowned William 
Duff of JJraeo, who was a Hanoverian. They elainu'd the riylit, j^'ratiLed to 
Malcolm, Thane of Fife, and last exercised by Isabel, Countess of J3uchan, 
of assisting at the coronation of the King of Scotland. 

' The powerful tribe of Duffs ' is said by authorities on clan lore to be 
' represented to-day by all of the name of Fife or Fyffe, Duff or Macduff, 
Wemyss, Mackintosh, or Farquharson, all of whom carry the Lion of Scot- 
land ' (Clans, Scpls, and Regiments of the Scottish Higldands, F. Adams). 

Thus far tradition, but the history of the more recent representatives 
of the family is sufTieicntly romantic. The first of the family of Findowie 
in modern days of whom we have record is Alexander, Laird of Fin- 
dowie about 1715. His son, James, also Laird of Findowie, was a captain 
in Prince Charles Edward Stuart's army in 1745, all the family, as 
already stated, having been Jacobites, as were most of their neighbours 
in Perthsliire. 

Alexander Duff of Findowie and Patrick Duff of Craigstoun [q.v. 
chapter xvi.) had some correspondence relative to the funds for the 
Jacobite cause, but these letters are now lost, and the only record of the 
transaction, as regards Patrick, is in Oliphant's Jacobite Lairds of Gask, 
where the repayment of a sum of money advanced by him is noted. The 
date of Alexander's death is not known, nor that of his son, Captain James, 
who may possibly be identified with the ' James Duff in Dalmarnoek, 
present at Culloden, and afterwards taken prisoner ' (Atholl papers). 

' There is no record of how James of Findowie escaped after Culloden, 
but his estates were forfeited. It is said that he was with the I'rince 
Charles in his wanderings until Flora Macdonald took liim under her care, 
and a pipe and slioc buckles belonging to him were long preserved in the 
family. After the Prince was safely on board the vessel which carried him 
to France, Duff lurked in the Western Highlands for a time and then 
returned to Perthshire, where he lived in retirement. His sons, with the 
exeeplion of Die ekksl, were born at Drumaehar, in Logiealmond. 

' Although an ardent Jacobite, James Duff was all his life a Presbyterian, 
and extended his protection to some co-religionists and relatives named 
Drummond, who refused to go out with the Highlanders wlien the Duke of 
Perth sent round tlie fiery cross. But for the intervention of " the Gentle 
Lochiel," this action would have led to a duel between James Duff and the 
Roman Catholic head of the Drummond family.' ^ 

James Duff of Findowie had a younger l)rolhcr Danii",!, who, wilh Walter 

Communicated by John Dufl. 


IMcnzics, was fvinong the Jaco])itc.s who surrcrKlcrcil at Carhslc, December 
1745. James Duff and Ian Menzics had, between them, raised over a 
thousand men for the Prince's service, and these two younger brothers 
were their lieutenants. 

James Duff's wife was Janet Mcnzies of Slican. After the disaster of 
Culloden, when even the loyal parts of Perthshire were overrun by 
Hanoverian troops, she was in hiding in a cave in Strathbraan, and it was 
there that her eldest son WiLLiA^r was born ; the birth was, of course, not 
oflicially registered, and no trace of the date could afterwards be found. ^ 

William Duff got into political and financial troubles, through assisting 
certain of his friends who had illicit whisky stills, and forcibly resisted the 
excisemen. He was sentenced to a heavy fine, and as he could not pay 
the amount, a warrant for his arrest was issued, and he went to a friend 
named Reid at Rosslyn, where, in order to conceal himself, he engaged him- 
self to j\Ir. Reid as watchman at his mills. He used to say that in any ease 
he was ' not so far down as the old Duke of Perth, who was forced to take 
work in an English coal mine after Culloden.' 

There wei'c two j^ounger brothers of William, Thomas and D .iNIEl, of 
whom there are now many descendants in Canada and South Africa. 

Thomas, the elder of the two, who went to Canada, had some family 
relics which he had borrowed from his elder brother William to wear at a 
county meeting and never returned. These included a leather shield with 
silver studs used by the ancestor of the family at the battle of the Clans on 
the North Inch of Perth 1396 ; an old broadsword, with a broken blade, 
engraved on the handle with the name of Duff of Findowie, and a bonnet 
crest with the motto ' Touch not the cat but the glove,' worn by John Duff 
of Findowie when he went up to Edinburgh at the time of the expected 
declaration of war by James vi. on Queen Elizabeth, on account of the 
latter's treachery to Queen Jlary. 

The descendants of the two sons of this Thomas, Joiix and James 
(who married a daughter of his uncle William by the first wife) now live at 
J'lsqueczing, near Georgetown, Ontario. 

The grandson of Daniel, the third brother, Thomas Duff, settled in 
Durban, and had three sons, Harry, John, and Thomas. 

William Diu'F, who died in 1809, and is buried in the little burying-ground 
near Rosslyn Castle, was twice married. The name of jiis first wife is 
now not known ; by her he had several daughters. His second wife was 
Janet jMenzies, by whom he had four sons : 

' It was this accident -which rendered William's son unable to obtain restitution o£ the 
family estates wlicn urged to do so (about the year iSj.)) by the rest of the family. 


1. Dantf.l or DoNArn ' Duff, of Lonicalmond, of whom prcsciilly. 

'i. 'I'lKiMAs, invciilor of the scfcw proiKlIn- for ,slc;inislii|is, a iiicrcliaut 
in IVrth (hanLnii.t, IS 10), <lic,l uninarnc.l. 

a. John, wlio went to America and left no issue. 

4. WiLLiAJi, whose only son died 1SG9. 

The family of Daniel, therefore, is now the sole direct representative 
in this country of the Duffs of Findowie. 

Daniel liad at one time engineering, flax-spinning, and jute works in 
Dundee ; the works were the largest of their kind in the world, but were 
unfortunately destroyed by fire, and the family nearly ruined. He married 
Margaret Low,'- and had a large family. 

In 1829, two of Daniel Duff's brothers, two fust cousins, and several 
others, emigrated to Canada ; Daniel was then residing in Dundee, and as 
about thirty of the emigrants sailed from thence, he found accommodation 
for them before starting. A number of them had been illicit distillers and 
whisky smugglers, and the excisemen had a warrant for the arrest of one 
Thomas Duff, which warrant was served on Thomas, brother of Daniel, as 
he sat at tea in his brother's house. He was about to resist, when Daniel 
whispered to him, ' Go quietly, let them take you ' ; so he submitted to the 
handcuffs and was taken to prison in Perth. The real Tom Duff thus 
escaped to Canada, and the innocent man brought an action against the 
Excise Department, and got damages for false imprisonment. 

Low, the old Jacobite quoted below, remarked of his son-in-law's 
family : ' The Duffs may belong to a broken clan, but they are dangerous 
(k:vils to meddle with.' 

The family of Daniel Duff of Logiealmond, Dundee, and Margaret Low 
was as follows : 

1. Robert Low Duff, 1824-1893; in business in Liverpool; un- 

2. Patrick, 1825, died an infant. 

3. TnoMAS, 1829-1S9C, of whom presently. 

4. Janet IMenzies, 1832 ; died unmarried in London 1852 ; a poetess. 

5. ]\L\RGARET, 1833 ; died young. 

'■ These Iavo names are the same in Scotland, as are Peter and Patrick, Janet and Jessie. 

' Margaret Low, who also belonged to a Perthshire Jacobite family, remembered, when a 
young girl, about the year 1822, hearing her father and Lady Nairne discussing the question as 
to whether Jacobites should pray for the ruUng monarch or not. Lady Nairne alTirmed that 
they should, on the principle that ' the powers that be are ordained of God.' ' Then, Caroline,' 
rcphcd the other, ' you shoulil pray for tlie devil also, for he is one of tlic powers that be, and, 
moreover, he is a great crony of George Guelph's, and they both go about like lions, seeking 
whom they may devour.' For this story, as well as for most of the history of tliis family, we 
are indebted to Margaret Low's sixth son, John Duff. 


G. IMary Menzies, 1S34 ; died suddenly in Liverpool 1903. 

7. Anne, died j^oung 1837. 

S. Daniel (Donald), 1S39 ; went to America, in 1SG3 ; unmarried. 

9. William, 18-11-1SG3. He was most of his life iu India, and during 
the ]\Iutiny he vohmteered for service with the 78th Highlanders. He was 
washed overboard from the ship Ediih Bum, January 18, 1803, on his way 
back to India. 

10. John, 1844 ; formerly in business as mechanical engineer, in- 
spector of machinery and shipbuilding, now resident in Dublin. He is 
a member of the Glassite or Sandemanian Church, and is our authority for 
the history of this branch of the DulT family. 

Thomas Duff, the third in the above family, was a successful man of 
business, who owned at various times the estates of Garth (Perthshire), 
Aberlour (Banffshire), Hareficld (Hants), and a villa in Cannes. In 1865 
he matriculated his arms, being at that time resident at Barnagore House, 
Richmond, Surrey. 

He took a part of the arms of Kcithmore as follows : ' Thomas Duff of 
Richmond, Surrey, 1865, Parted per fessc vert and or, a fesse danectty 
ermine, between a stag's head cabossed in chief of the second, and two 
laurel leaves in base of the first.' See the chapter on Heraldry. 

He married a Miss Byles of London, sister of Sir Bernard Byles, and 
had two sons and nine daughters. 

The eldest son, Thomas Herbert Knowles, 1857-1901, married Miss 
Johnstone of New Zealand, and left one son, Kenneth, now lives in 

The second son, Walter W^illiam, is the owner of the Sumnaggur 
Jute Works in Dundee ; he married the daughter of the Rev. S. Clark, 
Aberdeen, and has one son, W. K. Duff. He resides at St. Andrews. 

The daughters are : 

Mary JLvrtha, 1856 ; died young, 1869. 

Margaret Janet, 1859-1869. 

Martha Ellen, married to the Rev. Gerald O'Neill of Eaton Bishop, 

Katherine Emma, married to H. P. Cuthbcrt, M.D., Croydon. 

Mary Margaret, married G. Johnstone of Alva, lives at St. Andrews. 

Henrietta, married the Rev. Owen Slacke of Brawardinc, Hereford, 
nephew of Sir Owen Slacke, Commissioner of the Royal Irish Constabulary. 

Jessie, Elsie, and Gertrude, all unmarried, live at St. Andrews. 

Alexander Duff, the well-known missionary {q.v. chapter on Ministers), 
was a relation of this family, and Daniel Duff of Dundee assisted his father, 
who was in poor circumstances, in sending him to college at St. Andrews. 

vol. ii. 2 11 

■: ! .;,-■ .0 




SurrenderuJ at Carlisle 

I I I. 

■William, born at Strathbraan, Thomas. Daniel. 

17461S09, His family went I 

m. first, m. sccondlv, to Canada, | 

I Janet Meniies 1821i. I 

otShcan. | | 

Peter, A daughter, A daughter, 

Perth. m. M'Gowan. m. Brough. 

A daughter, 

m. Kippen. 

1 of Logioalmond and Dundee, Thomas. Jo 

17;i2-lS47, 'Went to Americ 
m. Blargaret Low. 


on, died 1809. 

Thomas H. K., 

m. Johnstone of 
New Zealand. 

Walter W. 

m. Clarke. 

Thomas, Janet. Mar 

18i}'.)-18'.lfi, Margaret. Am: 
m. Bylcs. 

Ulary, Martha, 
1S50-1809. m. Rev. G. O'Neill. 

Margaret, Kathcrine, 

1S59-1S09. m. 11. Cutlihcrt. 


Jessie, Mary, 

umarried. m. G. Johnsto 

Elsie, Henrietta, 

unarried. m. Slacke. 


There arc various other famihes of Duff from Perthshire which were doubtless 
originally of the same stock as the Findowie family, but the links arc now lost. 

There was one Aecuibald Duff, born 1709 (whose family came originally 
from Perthshire), a musician and dancing master in Aberdeen, in the early nine- 
teenth century ; he appears frequently in the records of that town. 

From the Aberdeen Chronicle, July 20, 1817 : 

' Mr. Duff respectfully begs to inform his friends and the public of Aberdeen 
that his dancing school will open on Monday the 4th August, when every exer- 
tion will be used, on his part, to gain a continuance of the Patronage of his 
employers. Jlr. Duff would be wanting in gratitude did he not embrace this 
opportunity of offering his sincere thanks to those friends who have already 
patronisetl his son as a teacher of the pianoforte, violin, etc., etc., and sincerely 
hopes that he may be able to gain a share of tlie public favour. 

' N.B.— Mr. Duff begs leave to add that his hall is now painted, etc., and he 

' A grandson of this John, another John Dull, now in the Red River district 
has the family relics. 


hopes that it will be sulfieicntly dry and comfortable by the time the school 

His son, Alexander, born 1799, assisted him in the musical part of his work, 
and afterwards went to Montreal, where he became the foremost musician of 
the city, and was organist of the Episcopal Cathedral. He died in 183S. 

An elder brother of Archibald was Charles, born 1765, well known as a 
musician and collector of Scottish music, 

Archibald, who was a Mus. Bac. of Aberdeen University, and resided in 
Milne Court, Gallowgate, Aberdeen, was twice married. His first family was : 

1. Jane Grace, 1792, afterwards Mrs. Lowe. 

2. Alexander, 1799, a musician and assistant to his father. 

3. James, 1802, also a musician, o.s.p. 1800, in Banff, Canada. 

4. Catherine, ISOi, afterwards Mrs. Walton. 

5. Mary, ISOG, died 1810. 

He married, secondly, Margaret Heriot, and had : 

0. Archibald, li.D., born 1810. 


8. Charles. 

Mrs. Archibald Duff, the second wife, had a school in Aberdeen from 1832 to 
her death in 1818. Her husband, Archibald Duff, JIus. Bac, died on August 14, 

Archibald Duff, D.D., was Congiegational minister at Fraserburgh ; he 
married Catherine Hamilton, and had seven children : 

1. Margaret Elizabeth, 1842. 

2. John Morell Mackenzie, 1844. 
8. Archibald, 1845; Professor. 

4. Charles, 1847. 

5. Catherine Hamilton, 1850. 

6. Edward, 1852. 

7. Joseph, 1854. 

John Morell Mackenzie Duff, eldest son of the above, has had seven children : 

(1) Lucy, 1872. 

(2) William Archibald, 1874; Manager Westinghouse Engineering Co., 

(3) Morell M'Dunnougii, 1870; Manager Canadian Pacific Steamships, 

(4) Alexander Huntly, 1878 ; Solicitor, Montreal. 

(5) Frederick Percy, 1880 ; lately Private Secretary to the Manager of 
Canadian Pacific Uuilway. 

(G) Gwendolen Mary, 1890. 

(7) Dorothy, 1893. 

Archibald Duff, second son of the minister of Fraserburgh, Professor of 
Scmitics and Theology at Bradford United College, was born at Fraserburgh, 
Scotland, 1845 ; married Elizabeth Craigmile, and has four children : 

1. Archibald Edward, born and died 1879. 



2. l\lAUGAitET Nom.r., 18S(). 

n. Aiti'iiiiiAi.u CuAicMii.i;, 1882; U.A. Oxford. Now in the Iiuliun Civil 

4. Max Hamilton, born and died 1884. 

Professor Archibald Uuff married again, 1897, ]\Iary Hannah Cockshott, 
but has no children of this marriage. 

Alexander Wilmer Duff, of Worcester, Mass., U.S.A., is of the Perthshire 
stock. His great-great-gTandfather came from Strathbraan, and was also Alex- 
ander Huff, who had a son Robert, who had a son Alexander, who had a 
son Alexander, father of Alexander Wilmer Duff. 

Robert, in the above table, had a younger son who went to Prince Edward 
Island, where his descendants are now numerous. 

Robert's eldest son, Alexander, came to New Brunswick from Scotland, and 
another brother came later and settled in Maine. 

Another family of Duffs came from Perth about 1830. 

There were three brothers, sons of a J. P. in Perth, who came to London, each 
with £3000. They were John Alexander, who bought a manufacturing tailor's 
business ; Peter, who became a wholesale draper ; and Alfred, who became a 
chemist and druggist, and is now represented by Pearce, Duff and Co. 

John Alexander had a family of seventeen children, and his eldest son had 
twelve children, one of whom, William S. Duff, kindly supplied the above 

Peter Duff of Braco, West Kirby, Cheshire, and his brother, R. M. Duff, 
Norland House, Montrose, came also from the Perthshire stock. 

Another family of Duffs from Perthshire settled in America. 

Thomas Duff and liis wife. Miss Robinson, had a son Robert, a stock-dealer 
of Kindalachan, Perthshire. Robert married Elizabeth Douglas, and died in 
1830. He had seven sons, who all went to America after his death : Thomas, 
James, Wilijam, Robert, John, Alexander, and Daniel. They all became 
farmers in Illinois, and Daniel fought in the Florida Seminole Indian War. 

All of them married and had sons. 

Daniel had live sons — Alexander, William, Daniel, Guy, and James ; of 
whom Dr. Guy Duff of 4516 Maiden Avenue, Chicago, is our informant as to this 
family. William, the second son, served in the Civil ^Va^, 

i -Si 




The present family of Duffs of Drummuir represents also the Gordons of 
I'ark, two of wlioin, in the eifrlitcenth century, married Duffs. 

Sir VVillium (iordon of Turk was Convener of Uauffshirc and ' preses ' of 
the Commissioners of Supply. He joined Prince Charles at Glenfmnan, when 
the standard was raised August 19, 1745, and was appointed Lieutenant- 
Colonel of Lord Ogilvy's Regiment, took part in the march to Derby and 
the retreat to Scotland, ^ and was present at the battle of Culloden, from 
which he escaped. After the defeat, the Chevalier dc Johnstone met Sir 
William, Lord Lewis Gordon, John Gordon of Avochie,- and Park's half- 
brother, James Gordon of Cobairdy, at Rothicmurchus, and describes how 
they travelled together to ' Sir William Gordon's Castle of Park.' In 
that neighbourhood Sir William lurked for nearly two years ; his wife 

' As to the advisability of wliich he and tlic Duke of Perth wc 
' The man who afterwards remained hidden for some time wi 
house on Deveronside. 

the 07!ly two dissentients, 
in the staircase of his own 


incanwliile being witli her mother at riotliiemay, about eight miles distant, 
and presumably seniling him what help she could. 

The day after the battle of Culloden, Sir William wrote to his wife : 

'April 17, 17-10. 

' Dear Madam, — As you have heard of our misfortune in general I have sent 
you this line to assure that I am well, and most earnestly beg you '11 take care of 
your health and my child's. I wish you would go to your own house as soon as 
possible. You can get leave that you may be brought to bed there, as the 
country you are in ^ will be nothing but a source of misery. When I can get a 
safe opportunity you shall hear from me. Till then, my dearest in life, God 
bless you. Adieu.' 

And four months later to his mother-in-law : 

' Aug. 22, FniDAv's Morning. 

' JIadam, — I have the Honour of your LaPs letter this morning, and hopes 
you will be so good as excuse my sending the enclosed under your cover. Pleas 
forward it to my Wife as I must have anc answer to it upon Sundays afternoon at 
farthest, as I leave the country then. I am under very great obligations to all 
your friends here both the old and the young, and shall beg the favour your LPs 
will take ane opportunity to return them thanks. My guide ran a great risque 
of Dr — ing to help my getting forward on my journey. I return your LaP a 
great many thanks for your good wishes, but am afraid the season is too far gone 
for the dark clouds to be removed from us untill summer return, at present. I 
expected after our Countrymen the Cambells left the country that the greatest 
cruelty would be over — if these new people continue in the same way the most 
of people who can leave the country will soon be glad to doe it. 

' I again beg your LaP will send the enclosed letter. I have the honour to be 
with very great respect, W. G.' 

On the cover : 

' To the Right Honourable 

The Lady Braceoe at Rothiemay. Haste.'' 

Endorsed on the cover in Lady Braro's handwriting ' Sir William 
Cordon, when in hideing.' - 

He did not effect his escape from Scotland for some months. 

Among Scottish Forfeited Estates Papers, Scottish History Society, 
there is an 

' Liventary of the writes produced by Dame Janet Duff, wife of Sir 'William 
Gordon, late of Park, upon the estate that belonged to the said late Sir \Villiam 

' She was then a prisoner of the Duke of Cumberland in Inverness. 
' Drummuir papers. 


Gordon. Ecing the bond of provision granted by the late Sir William Gordon in 
favour of the said Dame Janet Duff for Infefting her in life rent during all the 
days of her Lyftime, in all and haill the Lands of Kirktown and others therein 
named which contains Proxy of resignation and Precept of Seasine, 3rd Sept. 
1745. And a Missive by the said late Sir William Gordon to James Hay, wriU r 
to the Signet, wherein he desires him to deliver the foresaid bond of provision to 
Dame Janet Duff, dated 4th Sept. 1745.' (Three weeks after the raising of the 
standard at Glenfinnan.) 

It will be noted that Sir William is described as ' late,' lie being 

A report whieh reached the Government in November 174G that Sir 
William Gordon and several others had escaped from Arbroath on board 
a Danish ship was untrue. On November 4, 1747, Lord Findlater, Sheriff 
of the county, reported to the Lord Justice-Clerk that on the j^revious 
Sunday a party of soldiers from Banff and Cullen had made an ineffectual 
search for ' persons attainted and exempt from the indemnity.' The 
commander of this party was, curiously enough, also a Captain Gordon, 
In the neighbourhood of Park this party had seen and chased a mounted 
and well-dressed man (whom the country people afterwards confessed to 
have been Sir William Gordon), who eluded them and escaped by riding 
through and across the bogs and rough ground at the base of the Knock, 
and so, ' by his better knowledge of the country, threw off his pursuers 
and fairly made his escape.' Shortly after this he escaped abroad, and 
obtained a connuission in Lonl Ogilvy's Scots regiment in the French 
service. He was joined in France by his wife and his daughter Jean, 
born at Rothicmay six weeks after Culloden. Ogilvy's regiment was in 
garrison at Douai, and there the family lived imtil Sir William's death 
in 1751. He was buried ' in the ramparts of Douai.' ' 

The estate of Park had been ' made over ' for safety to Sir William's 
brother, Captain John Gordon of the Marines, or, as others say, passed 
to him under the attainder, it having been entailed. It has now been 
ascertained from a paper, dated January 13, 17G2, concerned with the 
litigation between Lord Fife and Captain John Gordon as to the provision 
to be made for Sir William's three children, that ' The Captain in his own 
right recovered the estate of Park from under forfeiture, after his brother's 
death, as he left no inheritable issue ' (that is, no sons born in Great Britain). 
The gross rental of Park appears at that time to have been under £300.- 

' According to a letter from James Duff of Ivinstair, twenty-five years later. 

« 'When David Gordon of LasccUes Regiment died at Halifax, Nova Scotia, in 1752, lie 
named on Ids deathbed Sir William Gordon of Park as the nearest relative his son would 
have. As a matter of fact, Sir William was already dead at this period, for among the Stuart 


Sir William Cordon's eldest son was John James, bom at Boulogne, 
of wlioni nientiou is made later on. 

The second son, William Braco Gordon, was also born abroad in 
1750, but had an ardent desire to become a British subject (it is not known 
if he succeeded in doing so), and writes to Lord Fife from Rothicmay, 
January 24, 1775 : 

' I could not omit taking the liberty to ^\Tite your Lordship a few lines at 
this period wishing you a good New Year with many happy returns of the 
season. . . . 

' At the same time I must request it as a very particular favor being ex- 
tremely anxious to be naturalised hopes during this sesion of Parliament to meet 
with your assistance in getting my Name added to some of the Bills which passes 
the House of Conunons. I have only to add that I have the honour to be. My 
Lord, Your Lordships most obedient and obliged humble servant, 

' WiLi.iAJi 15i;alo Goudox.' (D.) 

He had, however, entered the British Army as Ensign in the 52nd 
Regiment on January 21, 1769, and he became Lieutenant in 1773.^ He 
was in command of a recruiting party of the 52nd in Banff in 177C, and 
died December IS, 177G, at IMountblairy.- 

He wrote thus to his uncle from America : 

' Chaiilkstown Hhigiits, 2-ith June 1775. 
' I could not possibly omit embraceing the earliest opportunity of writing 
your Lordshij) to inform you of my safe arrival, likewise of our having attacked 
Yenkies the 17th of this month on Charlestown Heights opposite Boston.^ Wc 
drove them out of their intrenchmcnts with much difTiculty. Their loss cannot 
easily be ascertained, they having carrj'd off many of their dead and wounded. 
On our side their was five hundred and ninety wounded. Two hundred killed, 
amongst which their was Ninty Olhcers — one would luiturally conjecture they 

papers there arc letters to be found from three officers of Ogilvy's Regiment, then in garrison 
at Douai, dated June 1751, announcing to the exiled James, Chevalier de St. George, the death 
of the Lieutenant-Colonel, and asking for a step in the regiment. Tlie child who was thus 
consigned to the dead man's care belonged to a Gordon who had fought on the Hanoverian side 
atCuUoden, and was named \Mlliam Augustus. He was the grandfather of " Chinese Gordon." ' 
See Life of General Gordon (Butler). 

• The fact that, though not naturalised, he was holding the King's commission as an officer 
in the Army seems to have been in contravention of the Act of Settlement. His sister Jean, 
born at Rothicmay, before her mother's flight to Douai, saved her rights as heir-female in the 
entail, but did not, of, survive her uncle and cousin, and when the property eventually 
went in the female line, it passed to the son of her aunt Helen, wife of John Duff of Culbin. 

'^ ' My nephew, Lieut. William Gordon of His Majesty's 52nd of Foot, died at Mountblairy 
on Wed. the i8 last, and is to be interred at the Kirk of Park upon Sat. the 21st.' Letter from 
Captain John Gordon of Park to W. Rose at Montcoflcr, 1776, inviting him to the funeral, 
December 19 {Itothiemay papers). ^ Tliis is the battle of Bunker's Hill. 


had singled us out from our dress. Our regt. lost— One Major— three Capts.— 
one Lieut. — wounded, one Capt. — two Licuts. and three Ensigns killed. 

' The Sixty-Third llcgt. and a party of Marins are just gone to attack Dor- 
chester Neck. I wish they may meet with great success. I cant presume to 
give your Lordship a description of the country nor inhabitants which is gener- 
ally expected, but I flatter myself of having soon that honor, when our boundarys 
are more extended ; we have not in our present possession a dozen of miles. 
Were I permitted to judge from the few opportunitys I have had of mixing with 
the people for to make observations I would most certainly say that I admired 
and loved the country, but detested the people. I have nothing further to add, 
but that I have the honour to be, My Lord, Your Lordships most obedient and 
very humble servant, William Bkaco Gordon'.' (D.) 

Jean, born at Rothiemay six weeks after Culloden, married Colonel 
Duncan Urquhart of Burdsyards (Sanquhar), and died in 17G7 in giving 
birth to her son Robert, who married ' beneath him.' A manuscript in the 
Advocates' Library speaks of him as being (in 1S21) ' now at Longtown in 
Northumberland.' ^ 

John James Gordon, Sir William's eldest son, who was properly 
designated Sir John, was born at Boulogne on March 26, 1749. lie did not 
get his father's estates, not in consequence of the attainder, apparently, 
but through being an alien by birth ; for it was decided by the Court of 
Session, November 2-1., 1751, that his uncle. Captain John Gordon, had no 
right to enter upon the possession of the estate during the life of Sir 
\Villiam's sons, ' nor cut off tlie Crown's rights ' (to the attainted estate). 
Captain John Gordon, however, apparently did hold Park, and enjoyed its 
revenues, as according to a letter from Lady Fife, anent her grandson's 
(Sir John's) constant demands for money, she says that 'the Captain must 
draw his purse to him, and that indeed he has some right to it, and that 
though he (Sir John) docs not make good use of the money, the Captain 
makes but little better.' On Captain John's death in 1781 the baronetcy 
was assumed by Ernest, son of James Gordon of Cobairdy, a half-brother 
of Sir William, who, however, had no right to the title (Fraser's Chiefs 
of Grant and Record Office papers). 

John James had some interest, and obtained first a commission in the 
French army when he was a child, and later, in 1765, he joined the British 
army as Ensign in the 9th Foot. 

The first we hear of him in his military career is in a letter to Lord Fife, 

'■ Robert Urquhart was at one time an officer in the Army, but, being extravagant and 
dissipated, in a few years spent all liis fortune. Between 1796 and 179S he sold liis estate 
to Mr. George Grant, and was soon reduced to beggary. In Burke's Vicissitudes 0/ Families, 
It is stated that he actually begged at the door that had once been his own. 
VOL. II. 2 I 

\i ' J .. ■i 1 '.Iv' v/i' !■ 


from General Grant, Governor ol' Florida, I'rom St. Aviyuslinc, January 
17, 1770: 

' Your nephew. Ensign Gordon, was drawn into a quarrel the 31st Oct. 
Words passed between him and Ensign Goodaere of tlie same Regiment (9th). 
Tliough Goodaere was the aggressor he refused to malvc an apology, upon whieh 
Mr. Gordon was under the necessity of sending him a challenge. They fought 
with pistols and Goodaere was killed. Your nephew behaved with great spirit 
and propriety, and never was blamed or found fault with either by the officers 
or gentlemen of the country. The Coroner's inquest brought it in manslaughter 
in his own defence, and the jury at the trial confirmed that verdict, so the affair 
is over and much to his credit. 'Tis unlucky to kill a man, but he could not 
avoid that misfortune, whieh I flatter myself will make him guarded and cautious 
for the remaining part of his life.' 

Unfortunately, he sccnis to have been unsteady, and was court- 
martiallcd in Dublin for drunkenness in 1772. The finding of the court 
being ' that tlic prisoner John James Gordon, Lieutenant in the 9th Regi- 
ment, is guilty of having behaved in a manner unbecoming an officer and a 
gentleman, and adjudge him to be suspended from pay and duty for twelve 
montlis, and to be reprimanded by the commanding officer at the head of 
the Regiment.' Lord Townshcnd, the Lord-Lieutenant, however, con- 
sidering this sentence not severe enough, caused it to be ' revised,' and the 
unfortunate young man was ' discharged from His Majesty's service, 
July G, 1772,' while in spite of the intercession of his Colonel, Lord Ligonier, 
and his Duff uncles, he was not allowed to sell out,^ but departed penniless. 
Then began the demands upon his family for money, already recorded (in 
the chapter on the children of Lord Braco). Having by the assistance of 
his uncles proceeded to France, he was, in March 1774, presented to the 
French King, and by the interest of Baron Grant of Blairfmdy, a Jacobite 
and a friend of his father's, he obtained a captain's commission in a French 
regiment commanded by the Marquis dc Conflans." But even before join- 
ing, his drinking habits had again got him into so much trouble that he 
ajjparcntly lost his French commission, and his patron had to advise his 
return to Scotland, and even to advance the money for the purpose. Through 
the influence of his mother's family he obtained a cadetship in the East 
India Company's service on February 4, 1776, became an Ensign in 1777, 
and died gallantly in India. On the occasion of his death. Baron Grant, 
writing to Sir James Grant of Grant, who had married Sir John's first cousin, 
says : ' He was an excellent young man when sober, extravagant to excess 

' The fact tliat he had served for four years in the West Indies without pay was urged 
(unsuccessfully) as a reason for his being allowed to sell his lieutenancy, which he had bought. 

' On April 3, 1774, he wrote from ' Haute Alsace,' to his uncle Lord Fife, asking for an in- 
troduction to the Due d'AiguiUon. 


when drunk. lie was killed in the field of battle. If there ean be any con- 
solation aftcrthedeathof a friend, certainly it is that, to have died in the bed 
of honour.' The death referred to took place at Bassein on December 10, 1780, 
where he was with the small force imder General Goddard which besieged 
and took this place on the IMalabar coast, the General reporting the loss of 
one olficcr only, ' Lieutenant Sir John James Gordon ' (regiment not stated). 

By Hannah Corner, already mentioned,^ Sir John James had three 
children : John Benjamin, who died young, born 1779 ; Sir John Bury 
Gordon, last baronet of Park, born posthumously 1781, entered the East 
India Com]:)any's army, raised a regiment known as ' Gordon's Horse,' 
and died at Madras 1835; and Jessie, born 1780, who married Richard 
Creed of Hans Place, London. 

After the death of Sir John James Gordon, and in recognition of his 
gallantry, a subscription was raised for his widow. She lived for some time 
in Banff, where her younger son was born. This son did not assume the 
baronetcy till his twenty-fourth year, when his second cousin, the ' Sir ' 
John Gordon then in possession of Park, died 1S04. Both these ' Sir ' 
Johns were the great-nephews of Helen Gordon, second M'ife of John Duff 
of Culbin, and sister of Sir "William Gordon, and through lur (failing male 
heirs), the estate of Park canic into the family of Dull' of Drummuir.- 

' See chapter x. 

^ Sec chapter xxv. 

The descent of the Gonlons who held Park after the '45 is as follows : 

Sir James Gordon of Park (out in the '15) married, first, Helen Fraser of Saltoun, and by 
his second wife, Margaret Elphinstone, had a son, James Gordon of Cobairdy, and two daughters, 
Elizabeth, second wife to Lord Forbes, and Anne, married Cheyne. 

James of Cobairdy (a Jacobite and one of these excepted from the indemnity of 1747), 
married Mary Forbes, his sister's step-daughter, and had Ernest, his successor, who in 17S0 
succeeded also to Park on the death, without issue, of his father's half-brother Captain John 
Gordon of the Marines. Ernest assumed the baronetcy, it being lield that the attainder did 
not affect him as heir-male, out of the direct hne. He married Mary Dalrymple Elphinstone 
of Logic and was succeeded by his son ' Sir ' John of Park and Cobairdy. The latter died o.s.p. 
1S04, and the estate of Park (under entail October 19, 1713) reverted to Lachlan Duff, son of 
James of Cobairdy 's hall-sistcr. 

Sir William Cordon. Captiiin John Gordon Helen Gordon, James Gordon of Cobairdy, 

third liaronet, died 1751, of the ;\Iarinea, m. John Dull of ni. Hon. Wary Forbes, 

m. Janet Dutf. died 17SL Culbiu. | 

I I I 

Lachlan Duff. ' Sir ' Ernest Gordon, 

Succeeded 1S04, seventh Laird of I'ark, 

I died IStlS. assumed the baronetcy, 

I m. Mary Dalrymiile-EIiihinstoii 

Sir John Bury Gordon, Thomas DufF, ' Sir ' John Gordon, 

last Baronet, afterwards eighth Laird of Park, 

1781-1835. Gordon of Park. died 1S04. 
Raised Gordon's Horse. Succeeded ISOS. 


THOMAS URQUHAIIT ok Cuom*kty. m. IIclcu AlicTuetliy, 
and Imil tliirty-six cliildicn. 

Alexander, the eldest, l-l'JS, in. Ueatiice Innes. 

Whiter, hi. 
h. : 

t eldest son. 


his fourth son, the tutor 
ia third wife, Isabel Scton 
had two sons. 


of Cromarty, 
of Meldrnm, 



h. 1555. John, h. 1(J2« 

aa, h. 1585. Jonathan, 
h. 105!). 



ni. .1 



of Mc 
C.IW 17 



I'atrick of Lethenty, 

Sir Thorn 

Lady Mai 
[e died 1G: 



Anne Sc( 

James of Knockleith, 
-y Gordon. m. Margaret Frascr. 
■ii. 1 


i(;i:i-Hu;o,,.r..f tlK 
(.'. nealvnji, 

of lliihehvis. 

Alexan.ler, Jamea, 
l(;i5-llii;i, 1,. ll,;il, 

m. first, Mary Forhes ; i 

Keith, W 
m. Lady Jean Duff, 
died 17!)3. 


m. 11. Forbes, 


m, Patiick Dulf of Cm 
ston. Had twenty th 
children, and died 1711 


jtt ; m. thirdly, I. Dougla; 



. Bridget Colcloiigh. 



William, sold Cromar 
3. m, fir«t, 

Margaret Irvine ; 

m, secondlv, 
Maigaret Ogilvie. 






John of Craigsto, 
m. Isabella Jfoir 

, Mary Fraser. 

George, Beauchamp. Douglas Isabella, Mary Isabella T'ninliart, heiress of Craigston, 

o.s.j: I ni. Garden W. Duif. ni. William Bollard of Kinturk. 

,-' -"-, I 

H'anchamp Oolelough, Annie Isabel, Francis Kdward Romulus Bollard-Urqubart, 

killed at Atbara, m. tiarden A. Duff, ')orn 18-I,S, m. Louisa Henrietta Dulf, 

1898. her first cousin. daughter of Garden Duff and Douglas Uniuhart, 

aiul thus sixth cousin to her husband. 


The family of Urqiiliart has been intimately connected with the Duffs, 
especially the Ilatton branch, and mention must here be made of that 
unique genealogical work, Sir Thomas Urquhart's ' Pantoclironoehanon ' 
(nANTOXPONOXANON) 'or a peculiar promptuary of Time wherein 


(not one instant bcinLj omitted since tlie bcfjinninf,' of inolion) is displayed 
a nnjsL cxacl dircclory Cor all parlif'uiar chroiiolo/^ics in what i'arnily 
Sf)cver. And that hy dcducin;^' the line pcdi;,M-cc and Lineal descent ol' 
the most honourable and ancient name of the Urqiiharts in the house 
of Croniai'tic, since the creation of the world until this present year of 
God 1652.' 

' God the Father, Son, and Holy Ghost, who were from all eternity, did, 
in time, of nothing create red earth ; of red earth, Adam, and of a rib out 
of tlie side of Adam fashioned Eve — after which Creation, Plasmation, 
and Formation, succeed the generations as follows : 

' Adam married Eve — he was surnamcd the Protoplast. 

In the ... In Generation In the year 

Year of the world From Adam Anno Domini 

5423 1-lS 147G 

' Thomas Urquhart married Helen. 

' He was agnamed Paterhemon, because he had of his wife Helen 
Abernethie, a daughter of my Lord Saltoun, five and twenty sons, all men, 
and eleven daughters, all married women.' 

Alexander Urquhart of Cromarty, born 1498, was the eldest of these 
twenty-five sons (of whom seven fell at the battle of Pinkie). 

John, fourth son of Alexander, was the famous tutor of Cromarty, 
who built Craigston Castle in the years 1C04-1G07. He lived from 1547 
to 1G31. He was tutor, i.e. guardian, to his great-nephew, Sir Thomas, 
whose son was Sir Thomas, author of the Genealogy, and translator ol' 
Rabelais, born 1611, died 1660. 

This Sir Thomas played a prominent part in the Stewart troubles, 
indeed it is said that the first skirmish of the Scottish war (1G3S-1C50) was 
occasioned by Sir Tliomas Urquhart's attempt to recover, by force, a store of 
arms deposited by him in Balquholly House (afterwards rebuilt as Hatton 
Castle), which liad been seized by the Barclays of Towie. Shortly after 
this followed the ' Trot of Turriff,' May 14, 1639, for participation in which 
engagement Urquhart was knighted by Charles i. at Whitehall. He was 
present at the battle of Worcester, where he was made prisoner, and lost 
many manuscripts, he having apparently taken all his valuables into action 
with him. During his imprisonment in the Tower, and elsewhere, he com- 
posed the genealogical work above described, with the avowed intention 
of proving to Oliver Cromwell that a family ' which Saturn's scythe has 
not been able to mow, in the course of all former ages, ought not to be 
prematurely cut off.' 

He died abroad, it is said of a fit of uncontrollable laughter on hearing 
of the Restoration ! 



Sir Thomas UrquIiarL was succeeded by Iiis brother, Sir Alexander, 
after wlioiii came tiie (lcs(;eii(laiits of John (son of Jolni the tutor of 
Cromarty and liis tiiird wife, EH/.abeth Scton, heiress of Meldrum), and 
later the descendants of John's brother Patrick, who had two sons, 
from whom were descended rcsi^cctively the families of iMeldrum and 


■■i2«- --'— --^2SJ*y;glWii--«i- 


The family of Abercromby also has been so much connected with the 
Duffs for three centuries that a brief table showing the intermarriages 
seems almost necessary. 

The family, which is one of the oldest in Scotland, had its origin, like 
the Duffs, in Fifeshii'e, but came north at a later period. 

Alexander Abercromby (falconer to Charles i.), who owned the estate 
of Birkenbog, married Elizabeth Bcthune of Balfour. His two elder sons 
were Alexander anil John. 


AIJOX'ANDICIt, AlilCllCKOIMllY, in. Klimlmtli lirllinnc. 
1 ir.l'' ', I n:,,„,iutuf j;irkciibu|,', .T„l,u()f (:Li«^;ui-I., 

Sir James, Alexander of Tilliboilic, Amic, 

m. Mary Gorjon. in. Mary Dult of Brace. rn. Adam Dulf of Drummuir. m 

Sir Robert. I.sahel, Alexander, 

m. James Dunbar. m. Helen Meldrum 

Marnruet, General James, Helen, 

m. James Dult of BanlT. m. Mary Dull of Diiiple. m. James Dulf of Craigston 

I . 

■William, James, Thomas, Joan, m. first, G. Jloriaon ; m. i 

o.s.p. o.s.p. 0.3.2)- Admiral Roljcrt Dulf of Fettei 

her daughter by her first husband 
married Admiral Robert's son by his 
first wife, Robert William Duff and 
brought the estate of Glassaugh into 
the Dulf family. 

With the Abcrcrombics arc also connected the Morisons, three of 
whom married Duffs. 

MORISON OF IJooNiE, m. Christian Urqubart, tlie widow of Viscount Frendraught. 
They had two sous, the elder, 

George of Bognie, 
Jean Abercromby, afterwards Jlrs. Duff. 

Theodore, John of Auchiutoul. George, James of Strawberry Vale. Mary, 

1750-lSUl, I 1S14, I ra. R. W. Duff 

o.s.p. I o.s.p. of Fettcresso. 

I I I I 1 

Alexander, Alexander, John. Robert Duff. Arthu 

d. 1S74, d. ISry. d. ISSG. otGlassai 

m. Jessie Duff of Hatton. | 

Frederick Lc Mare Morison, 

d. 1911. 


With tlic laniily of Ogilvie there were many intermarriages in the 
carUer history of the Duffs. In later times the only notaljle example 
was Lady Janet Ogilvie, first wife of William, Lord Braco, of whom 
there is a good portrait by Kncller, reproduced in chajater ix. 




The Armorial dc Gclrc, a beautiful manuscript in the Royal Library at 
Brussels, is believed to be the work of Claes Ileynen (who held the office 
of Gelre Herald to the Duke of Gueldrcs between 1334 and 1372), later 
additions to the manuscript having been made by another hand. The 
Scottish shields from this work have been reproduced in colour by 
Stoddart in his Scottish Arms, 1881. 

Scottish arms were well known on the Continent at this time, and 
the coat there assigned to the Earls of Fife, then premier nobles of 
Scotland, is the Scottish royal lion, gules, rampant on a field of gold.' The 
holder of the title at that date was Duncan, twelfth Earl and last male 
Duff of the line. This lion had apparently been borne by all the Earls of 
Fife, and continued to be so until the title died out in 1-125.- It was 
revived again in the coat of arms granted to the first Lord Fife in 17G0 ; 
was placed in a canton upon the shield of Drummuir in 1750 ; as a 
demi-lion it was also granted as the Fife crest, 17G0 ; and at the present 
day is the crest of the larger part of the Duff family.'' 

' Reproduced as heading to chapter i. 

' On one seal of Robert, Earl of Fife and Mentcith and Duke of Albany, the coat is given 
as— first and fourth, a hon rampant ; two and three, a fesse chequy, with a label of live points in 

' It was used by Patrick of Craigstou at the time of his first marriage. 

) ■ -I-: X \C 

Ill III 






Anns, in llu 
1, llRir arc ii 

Lyon Oni 

lUlcill I'llll 


rclVTi-iii-- lo IIr' raiiiily t>r DliII. 

Souutiiiic between 1072 and 1G7G, two sons ol' Adam Duff oL' Cluuybcg, 
AlexaiukT aiul William, matriculated their arms. They had doubtless 
borne tlicm all their lives, but, in 1672, the Act had been jjassed compelling 
matrieuhition of all arms carried, and the payment of proper fees, in default 
of which the coats displayed, in whatever manner, were condemned to be 
broken and defaced by the Lyon King and his subordinates. 

These two men, then, matriculated the arms of the ancient family of 
Muldavit and Craighead, from which they knew themselves to be unques- 
tionably descended. Apparently no other member of the Muldavit family 
took the trouble to malrieulate the arms, though it is well known that 
tliere were then living several descendants of oklcr brothers of Adam of 
C'hmybeg. Alexander of Keithmore, therefore, matriculated the arms 
without a dilTercncc, and drew upon himself the wrath of the imknown 
annotator of the ftlatriculation Roll, who added, as already quoted in 
chapter v. : ' Tiiere is good reason to believe he is not the representcr of 

The ai'ms matriculaled were, as already stated in cha.])ter v.: 'On a 
field vert a fesse tlancetty ermine a buck's head cabossed in chief and two 


escallops in base or.' They are reproduced on page 5(i l. and on the cover 
of this volume. The crest used on AlcxaTider's mommient at Morllach is 
the dexter hand holding the scallop shell, but it does not appear in the 
Matriculation Roll. ' Above ye shield ane helmit befitting his degree, 

VOL. II. 2 k 


mnnllc.l -nlcs, donhlcd :ir-ciiL The niollo in niic csoroll Viiliilr ci 
Oprni: (I.I led icrc. 

rUv IMulduviLanus, ninl riculnlol by AVilli.nn, third son of A<lani Duff, 
are rc^istcrcci higher up on llic same page with those of iiis brother Alex- 
ander, undated, and the date is given in paj)ers at Drunimuir as 1672, 
but it is unlikely tliat his matriculation preceded that of his elder brother 
by four years. These arms arc duly dilTerenccd with a mullet, in Eng- 
land the recognised mark of a third son,' though in Scotland greater 
latitude in the choice of marks of cadency is alln^ved, and variations of 
the Ijordm-c are those most frequently employed.- The un!<:iiown amiotator 
of the Roll makes no comment on these arms or on \Villiam's descrip- 
tion of himself, as a third son of Craighead. William seems to have 
uscfl as a crest the hand holding the clam or escallo]) shell, though this is 
not registered. ' Above ye shield ane helmet befitting his degree, mantled 
gules, doubled argent, and for liis motto in ane cscroll Omnia fortunae 

John of I3o\vmakel!ach, the brother intermediate between Alexander 
and William, also displayed the undiffereneed arms of i\Iulilavit on the 
|)ortraits of himself antl his wife by Jamesone, but he did not register his 
right to them. 

In the illustrated manuscripts of an earlier date than that of the Act, 
which are preserved at the Lyon Office, there are two early specimens of 
the Dull' coat of arms. No territorial designation is added. They are the 
arms of ' Dull' ' merely. 

The fii-st occiu's in the manuscript known as Workman's, since it 
belonged to James AVorkman of the Lyon Olliec in 1023, but the date of 
the ]\IS. itself is 15G5 or 1.500, as the scries of figures of sovereigns with 
their arms ends with those of RLuy, Queen of Scotland, and her second 

' Tlieold works on Heraldry provide distinctive marks of cadency for nine sons in one family 
but do not go further. 

Tlic eldest son bears a label, which he discards at his father's death. 

The second a crescent, emblematic of hopes of future increase. 

The tliird a mullet, or rowel of a spur, showing that he must make his fortune by knightly 

'J'hc fourth, a martlet, tyjiifying the very small portion of land upon which a fourth son may 
expect to rest. 

The fifth son bears a ring, as showing that he can only hope for fortune through marriage. 

The sixth, a fleur-de-lis, to denote the cjuiet life of a student. 

The seventh, a rose, to show that he must blossom amidst hardships. 

The eighth, a cross, as indicating the churchman's career. 

And the ninth, a, since he must needs dwell very humbly. 

= The mullet was or, and originally placed in the dexter chief, though William's descen- 
dants now place it below or on the fcssc. 



Iiusl)nii(l, llcmy Darnlcy. The I'larl of Hclli' 
l)iit :i. skclcli ill" ink is a.Mrcl of his new nniis : 

The charii-c on lliis coat vi' Ihc Dull' raiiiily 
is tlic same as in tlic avnis matriculated l)y 
Alexander of Keithmore, viz. tlie 
dancetty with the buck's head cabossed in 
chief, and the two escallops in base, or, but 
there are two jiheons — one in chief bet\vccn 
the slag's antlers, point downward, the 
other in base between the eseallop> 
point upward. Moreover, the field is ]jarted 
j)cr fesse, and is vert above the fessc and g 
below, and the I'esse which is left blank, and 
Ihcrerore ])resumably argent, is el 
with three nnillels, aiiparenlly sable. In 
the MS. called ' Gentleman's Arms,' datetl 
1G2S, the Duff arms oeeur without plieons, 
but upon a whole field of gules, and the fesse 

The next registration in the books of tl 
Alexander of Keithmore in 1G70, is that of 
Braco, grandson of Alexander, on July 19, 1' 
arms as those of his grandfather, but furtlie: 
as suj^portcrs (apparently as ' head of the 

■ll's coat oceurs in its jtlace 
Duke ofOrkiiey. 


is without the mullets, 
le Lyon Offiec, after that of 
the arms of AVilliaiu DulT of 
723. He registered the same 
[■ had a grant of two savages 
family '), and a hart's head 

CREST OF 1723 

proper for crest (the same which is now borne by the family of Duff of 
Ilatton, and ' for DulT ' by the Grant UulTs), and the motto FirluU; et 

Thirty-seven years later, on January 22, 17G0, the same William Duff, 
having in the interval been created first Baron Braco, and then Earl Fife, 
registered new arms, \'iz. 1st and 4tli : a lion rami)ant gules, armed and 


hin-iir,l .T/.iiiv, Inr \'is, Ill :\I:,c,liilT 1111(1 l-',:iil I'ilV ; 2ii.l niid .'Inl : llic- 

licl.l veil, Irssc (hiiuTlly IkIwinI ;i Ikii'I's lic;id C'll icssnl in cliicr, iiiK I 
two (.■scallops in bast-, or, Tor Dull' ol' liraco as rcprcsciil iiif,' DiilC of 
Muldavit, commonly called Craighead.' For crest, a dcmi-lioii gules, iiold- 
ing in the dexter paw a broad sword erected in jiale proper, hilted and 
pommelled, or ; and for supporters, standing upon a compartment, ^ the 
two savages previouslj^ granted, wreathed about the head and middle 
with laurel leaves, holding branches of trees in their hands, all ])roper. In 
an eseroll above the eresl Lhe iiuUlo, Dctis jtiz'iivil, and in (he compartment 
below, Virtute ct Opera. 

On May 29, 1780, James, second Earl Fife, son of William, rematricu- 
latcd the arms, and had the following additional grant : ' On a mantling 
gules, the doubling ermine, on a wreath of his liveries is set for crest a knight, 
denoting the ancient IMacduff, armed at all points, on a horse in full armour, 
in full speed ; in his dexter hand a sword erected, all jiroper, his sureoat 
argent; on his sinister arm a shield or, charged wilh lion rampant 
gules, the visor of his helmet shut, over which on a wrealh of his liveries, 
with a long mantling flowing therefrom behind him and ending in a tassel 
ol' the fourth, the doubling of the third, is set a lion rampant issuing out 
of a wreath of the fourth. The caparisons of the horse of the last, fimbriated 
of the third, and thereupon six shields of the last, each charged with a lion 
rampant of the fourth. (This is practically the figure, though reversed, 
used on the seal of Malcolm, eighth Earl of Fife, 1228.) The mottoes, 
Beo juvanlc and Virtuic ti Opera. The Earls Fife, of course, still retained 
the right to use the former crest, a demi-lion rampant. These arms 
and crest are reproduced as a heading to chapter xv. 

These changes arc tluis alluded to in the family correspondence. In 
June 1780, when the new crest was granted, James Cunmiing of the Lyon 
Oflice, writes : ' In my humble opinion, the new adopted crest has a very 
pretty effect, and most significantly implies that with God's help, while 
the family of Fife remains, there will never Ijc ^vanting a representa- 
tive of the great IMacDuff.' And later in the same year he writes again : 
' Mr. Boswell, the Lyon Depute, observes that Lord Fife's motto woukl be 
more classical if cxjiressed in these words Deo juvanle ' (and this was 

The title from 1759, when it was granted, was Earl Fife. James, 
second Earl, woukl have preferred to have had the title Earl of File, but 
it was ])ointed out to him tiiat the terms of the original ])ateiit decided 
the matter, and it was not until the ni'W erealion in I lie peerage of the 



Unilcd Kinn-doin of ISS.j tluit tlic ri<ilit \v:is ()])lainc(l to use the covelc.l 
preposition. 1 

On January .^l, ]750, Archibald DulT of Uruinniuir matriculated his 
arms. He was of a younger generation than the first Lord Fife, being second 
cousin once removed to him, and third cousin to his son, the second Earl. 

In his arms we find the field vert Avitli the fesse dancetty, but in this 
ease argent differenced with three mullets gules, in the middle chief a 
deer's head, and in base the escallops. The two phcons or also reappear, 
which points to the possibility of the Duff coat in Workman's MS. having 
been (at least in Archibald's opinion) that of the early Duffs of Torricsoul, 
who may have been of the same stock as the Muldavit family. On other 

grounds, Ihe l:il ler ((.iiclusioii is not improbable. l{nl liic special fealurein 
Archibald DulT's eoat of anus is 'A dexter canton of the second (that is, 
or) charged with a lion rampant of the third (gules). This being the first 
heraldic indication of the claim of the family of Duff of ]\Ialdavit to 
descent from the ancient Earls of Fife,' and preceding by ten years the 
registration of the same lion by the first Lord Fife. 

At the same time, Alexander Brodic, the Lord Lyon of the period, granted 
to Archibald the supporters still borne by the Drummuir family, viz. dexter, 
a savage armed with a club proper, and sinister, a stag proper, chained 
and horned or, standing upon a compartment on which is this device, ' lie 
true, and ye shall never rue.' 

1 Alexander, who snccccdcil, was an Irisli Earl only, wliile the fourtli Earl had a new 
lation in the pccrayc uf the United Kingdom in 1S27, and thi^ became extinct in 1S57. 



' Above llie litliiict, Tor crest, a man's lieart j)rojKi% winj^'cd or, with 
Lhe iiioLlo, "Kind luarl." MaiiLlin-,' veil, ilouliliiif,' ai-cnt.' 

Areliiljakl ol' Druniiiiuir deseribes liiinself, or is described in liic Register, 

as ' Heir ol' 

tu th 

'amily ol' Dull' ol' Drumnmir ' (as heir ot line 
covers I'cniale descent, this of course is cor- 
rect), ' who were lieirs of line ol' the old family 
of Dun of Craighead ' (the latter statement 
not being in accordance with fact) ; but the 
arms of Archibald were unchallenged, though 
it is not clear on what grounds either the 
Scottish lion or the supporters were granted. 
Though 1750 is the first date of the 
matriculation of the arms of Duffs of Drum- 
muir, this family had borne them at least a 
century earlier, for the funeral escutcheon of 
Katherine Duff of Drummuir bears this coat : 
On a field vert, a stag's head erased, between 
three escallops or; tiie crest a human heart, 
winged, proper; and the motto, above the 
crest, 'Kind heart,' and l>elow the shield, 
' 15e true, and you shall never rue ' — wliieh her father Adam had placed 
on the house of Drummuir, built about 1070, and also on the house in 

Alexander, husband of Katherine (and son of Provost "William, who 
had matriculated the Muldavit arms, differenced witli a mullet), himself 
used, on his book-plate, the stag's head erased, instead of cabossetl, between 
three escallojis, i.e. the arms of Drummuir. Crest, a iiuman heart, winged, 
])r(>per, thus abandoning his father's arms in favour of those of his wife, 
when assuming the territorial designation. 

Archibald of Drummuir, grandson of Alexander, as has been already 
seen, registered the Keithmore arms with three differences. 

John Duff, cousin and successor of Archibald, used the supporters 
granted to his predecessor, but varied the coat by adding the dexter 
canton with the lion (showing alleged descent from the old Earls of Fife) 
to the old Drummuir, and not to the Keithmore arms. He also turned the 
lion round, making it face to sinister.^ 

His brother Archibald, the Athiiiral, used the same, and their 

' The peculiarity of Jolin Duff's arms, as displayed upon his book-plate, is his use of the 
helmet affronts and barred, actually reserved for the sovereign and princes of the blood 



Major Lachlan CJordoii 
^r Gordon of Park. Non 

Duir, qviarlcicd tli 
oC tlicbc variants w; 

cousin .and successor, 
variant with tiic arms 

Tlic present anus of Gordon Duff of Diuiuuuiir, rcmatriculatcd on 
March 7, 1009, show, 1st quarter: arms of Duff of Mnldavit differ- 
enced -witii a mullet (as Provost William's), but now the mullet, 
or, is placed below the fcsse, instead of in the dexter chief; 2nd 
and Srd : arms of Gordons of Park ; 4th : arms of Drummuir, i.e. 
the stag's head, but now (by oversight) cabosscd instead of erased, 
between three escallops or ; the Scottish lion has been dropped. Mantling 
as before. 

Two crests and mottoes. The mailed hand and ' sic tutus ' for Gordon, 
and the winged heart and ' Kind heart ' above, and a third motto, ' J3e 
true, and ye shall never rue ' below, for Duff of Drumnuiir. The 
sup))ortcrs as before. 

On an old china plate at Muirtown the arms of the family of Drummuir 
occui- — the stag's head erased, with three escalloixs, but the motto Cuncilio 
ci animis. 

The family of Jluirtown has not registered any difference or mark of 
cadency, but Major Hugh RolDcrt Duff and his father, Alexander, at one 
time used a coat of arms bearing an un- 
usual form of the Keithmore or Drum- 
muir arms, with the field parted per fcsse, 
vert and gules, and quartered with the 
Scottish lion. This was, of course, quite 

On June 27, 1781, Admiral Robert DnlT 
of Logic, then Vice-Admiral of the Red, 
matriculated his arms (he did not become 
'of Fettcresso ' until the following year). 
He is described as ' of the family of 
Craigston, descended from Keithmore,' and 
being possibly the twentieth son of Patrick 
of Craigston (certainly one of the youngest 
of the thirty-six children, see chapter xvi.), 
he bears the arms of Keithmore, all within a " '" 

bordurc, or, though he omitted to register the mark of cadency to show 
Patrick his father, as third son of Keithmore. Crest, a demi-lion, or, 
i-ampant, issuing out of the wreath, gules, and motto ' Virtute et Opera.' 
He was also granted at this date (in recognition of his naval services) as 
sujjporters, two sailors as centinels (sic) each with a drawn cutlass 


jiropcr in sliort jackets aziiro, llicir under veslineiils wliilc, wiili i-oiind 
l.als suhle iui.l Uuvv. sliinns oules. 

No later niatrieulalioii ol' arnib has been made hy tliis braneli of the 

Tlie late Sir Robert Duff, G.C.M.G., used tlie hand lioldinn- the sliell 
as an acUiitional crest, and some of the junior brandies of the Fettcresso 
family do tlie same. This crest has always been in the Duff family, as 
taken from the Mnldavit arms without any specific grant, and has, of course, 
nothing to do with Crusaders or Pilgrims, to record the exploits of whom 
a similar device was often used in England and France. As is well 
known, the use of crests is not governed by the same strict laws which 
apply to the bearing of arms. 

The next matriculation of Duff arms in the Lyon Register is that of 
Richard Wharton Duff, July 21, ISIO. 

The first and fourth grand quarters are quartered Ist and 4th a lion 
rampant gules, from the modern Fife family (both Richard's mother and 
■wife having been daughters of Earls Fife), 2n(l and 3rd quarters the 
undifferenced arms of Duff of Muldavit. The first and fourth grand 
quarters being actually the arms of the l^^arls Fife. The second and third 
grand quarters are the arms of the Whartons. Sable, a manche argent, 
■within a bortlure or, charged with eight pairs of lions' gambs saltirewise 
erased gules. Roth the Fife and Wharton crests and mottoes are borne. 

On August 31, 1813, James Duff of Cadiz, son of William DulT of 
Crombie, and great-grandson of Provost William of Liverness, registered 
his arms on Ijcing created a baronet. 

In virtue of his ' descent from a third son of the ancient family of Duff 
of Muldavit or Craighead, he bears the Jhildavit arms charged with a mullet 
gules (formerly or) on the fesse for difference,' as registered by William 
Duff of Inverness, circa 1G72, -with the badge of a baronet of the United 
Kingdom. The crest is a demi-lion charged on the breast with a mullet 
argent for difference. Above the crest, Deo juvantc,^ and on an escroll 
below, Virtuie ct Opera. Two months later he was granted supporters. 
Dexter a savage, as in the Drummuir arms. Sinister, a stag proper, 
unguled and attyred or, gorged with a ducal coronet of the last and pendent 
thereupon an escutcheon charged with the aforesaid arms of Duff. No 
explanation is given in the register of any reason for the ducal 

On December 10, 1829, Norwich Duff, R.N., of the Ilatton family, 

> Being the only member of tlic family to borrow the Fife secoud motto. The present family 
of Duff-Gordons use tlae motto, Deo adjuvante. 


registered his arms, viz. those of Keithmorc as before, with crest, the 
dcmi-Iion rampant ^ and 'with a mark of congruent dilfercnce and an 
honourable augmentation,' but without marks of cadency. 

The difference and augmentation were as follows : ' Oir a chief wavy of 
the second {i.e. ermine) the Trafalgar medal pendent by a ribbon argent, 
azure, ai'gent, between a wreath of cypress and laurel with Trafalgar imder 
the mctlal. As an additional crest, a Naval crown or, with the word l\Iars, 
and issuing therefrom a ship of war's mast, with the pennant half mast 
lowered, emblematical of the death of the officer in command. All en- 
circled by a wreath of laurel with the motto Cujjrcssus lion ores pc peril. 
]\Iantling gules, doubled argent.' 

Granted to Norwich Duff and his heirs. 



On July 10, 1805, Thomas Duff of Barnagorc House, llichmond, Surrey, 
and laic of C'alcuUa, made application to the I,ord T>yon for a grant of 
arms, and allhough he does not seem to have put forward any claim to 
connection with the family of Rluldavit, he was granted their arms, with 
a difference. The grant runs thus : 

'Whereas Thomas Duff hal.Ii, by pilition, i'e])ri'senli(I uaLo us lli;it he is 
the second son of Llic late Daniel Duff, eiiginucr and ll;ix-s[)iniur of Dundee and 
Margaret Low, his wife, and lialli prayed that wc would grant our liecnce and 
authority to the Petitioner and his dcsccndiuits to bear and use such Armorial 

' Though the rest of his 
always done. 

di of the family were using (he bucli 

they liavo 


he fn 


:il)Ic-, according Lo I 
1 (1.) by llu'sc pivsn 
per fcssc vert ;it 
between a hart's 
second, and two 

' Crest, adenii 
Virliite et Opera.'' 

lie I;, 

,f Ai 

l1 or, u I'essc ilaneeUy ermine 
head cabossed in chief of tlic 
laurel lea\'es in base of Lhc 

lion rampant, proper. Motto, 


The other 

On September 2, 1905, Charles Garden 
Dul't of Vaj'nol, eldest surviving son of the 
ate Robert Ceoroe DulT of Wellington 
I/odge, Kyde, nuule petilion to the Lord 
Lyon to be allowed to bear the arms of 
Keithmore as before, all within a bordurc 
chequy vert and or, with the mantling vert 
doubled or, and for his crest a buck's head 
proper. Motto, Viiiiitc ct Opera. 
registered in the books of tlie Lord T^yon are : 
Those of Sir Eeauchamp Duff, G.C.B., on February 22, 1908. 
lie bears the arms of Keithmore with four marks of cadency, viz. (1) 
on tiic I'esse a mullet vert; (2) a bordurc or, which is (JJ) engrailed, and 
(1) parted per pale or and ermine,^ all surrounded by the collar of his 
order as G.C.B., with the star of the same jiendent therefrom, and also the 
badges of K.C.V.O., K.C.S.I., and CLE. Mantling vert, doubling or. 

The arms of the house of Ilatton have never been riiatriculated. The 
crest used l)y this branch of the family is the buck's liead proper, the 
same as (hat granted to William Duff of ]5raco, l(i2y, and the motto 
Viriutc el Opera. 

Those of the late Sir Moimtstuai't Elphinstone Grant Duff who bore : 
1st and 4th, gules, a lotus flower, slipped, between thiee antique crowns 
or, for Grant ; 2nd and 3rd, the arms of Keithmore differenced by 
charging the fessc with a cross flory (for Ainslic), between two boars' heads 
erased or (for Gordon), representing his descent; with two crests and 
mottoes, the flaming mount and ' Stand fast ' for Grant, and the buck's 
head proper and Virtute et Opera for Duff. These arms were matriculateil 
August 20, ] 90 1. 

Those of Major Adrian (Jrant Duff, C.H., the third son of tlie above, 
registered on November 5, 1900, which are the same as his father's, the 

' Strictly speakiiig, Sir ncaucliamp Duff should only bear the mullet ol the field for Patrick 
niiff of Craigston, third son of Alexander oC Keithmore, and two subrjC'iuent raarkb of cadency. 
The third was added under a misapprehension. 


whole witliin a bordurc nrgcnt, and now im]ialcd willi the arms of the first 
Lord Avcbiuy, liis I'athcr-in-law. 

And those ol' Sir George Duff Sutherland Dunl)ar, registered on 
December 19, 1898, which are Dunbar quartered with Sutherland, Duff, and 
Randolph ; 1st, gules, a lion rampant within a bordure argent, charged 
with eight roses of the first, for Dunbar ; 2nd, gules, three mullets or, 
a crescent of the last for difference, for Sutherland ; 3rd, vert, on a fessc 
dancetty ermine between a buck's head cabossed in chief, and two escallops 
in base or, a mullet of the field on the fesse for difference, for Duff; 
4th, or, three cushions within a double tressurc fiory eounterflory gules, 
for Randolph, all within a bordure, vairy gules and or. Crest, a key and 
sword in saltire proper. Motto, Sub Spc.'^ 

Resides these members of the Duff family who have registered their 
arms, many others have borne them, with certain differences. 

Those borne by 'Tiger' Duff himself are no longer extant, but on the 
gravestone of his third son Adanr are placed the arms of Keithmore, though 
not quite correctly done, as the fesse is indented instead of (hmcetty, a 
jjcculiarity which also occurs in some of the old Rraco coats. 

Adam's arms arc differenced -with a mullet gules on the fessc, he being 
the third son of his father, but it is not clear why any of this family should 
have borne the arms of Keithmore, from whom they were not descended. 
Their proper armorial bearings would have been those of the old Drummuir 
family, that is, a stag's head erased, instead 
of cabossed, without the fessc dancetty and 
with three escallops, but these would have 
required a good many marks of cadency for 
the descent through the Duffs of Rade and 
Craigienach. The crest used by Adam was 
a dexter arm couped at the elbow proper, 
holding in the hand an escallop shell, and 
first used by I'rovosL William Duff of Inver- 
ness ;iii(l Alrx:iiuicT of Kcifiuuore, also by 
the family of Duff of Whitehill, and now 
by the junior members of the Fetteresso 

On the tomb of Colonel John Duff, ^ " 

brother of 'Tiger' Duff, in the same church ulom-.i. j'uin 

(St. Mary's, Islington), the arms are the same, excejjt that there is a 

net used is not of the form 

' Tliere is a slight inaccuracy in these arms also, as 
usually assigned to a baronet. 


crescent gules instead of tlie mullet ; this is the mark (in England) used to 
indicate a second son, but probably was not used consciously for this pur- 
pose, as Colonel John IDuff was either the fourtli or fifth of his own family ; 
and there is a further difference in the shape of a lleiir-dc-lis between the 
stag's antlers. 

James Duff of ]\Iadeira, eldest brother of Patrick ('Tiger') and John, 
used the Keithmorc arms differenced with a crescent guks and without the 

JMany of the Duffs of the present day are using arms which, strictlj^ 
speaking, should be rcmatrieulated with proper difi'erenccs, and failure to 
do this ivnders liiem teehnically liable Lo the old line of £100 Scots, or 
ineareeralion in the nearest Tolbooth. 



At+extion must be drawn to the extraordinarily large families common among 
the DiiiTs : 

There is one instance of thirty-six children (Patrick Duft of Craigston). 

Another of twenty-two (Isabel Duff, Dipple's daughter). 

Another of sixteen (John Duft of Ilatton). 

AVhile families of ten, twelve, and fourteen arc quite common, both in remote 
and modem days. 

Mr. John Duff of Muldavit had at least fourteen. 

Adam Duff of Clunybeg, twelve. 

AVilliam Duff of Inverness, thirteen. 

His daughter Jean, fourteen. 

Alexander Duff of Drummuir, fourteen. 

Margaret Duff (Alexander of Braco's daughter), thirteen. 

William Duff, Lord Braco, fourteen. 

Robert Duff of Inverness, fourteen. 

William Duff of Dipple, fourteen. 

Janet Duff (Dipple's daughter), thirteen. 

Jean Duff (Alexander of Hatton's daughter), thirteen. 

William Duff of Muirtown, ten. 

Alexander Duff of Elgin, fourteen. 

Magdalen Duft (Dingwall), thirteen. 

James Duff of Banff, thirteen. 

Jean Duff (Abernethy), his sister, eleven. 

Helen Duft (Tod), thirteen. 

:Major Hugh Robert Duff, ten. 

Lady Louisa Duff (Brooke), thirteen. . 

James Duft, Bruntyards, thirteen. 

Thomas Duff (Gordon), twelve. 

Garden William Duft, ten. 

James Duft, Knoekleith, fourteen. 

John Alexander Duft, seventeen. ! 

Sir i\Iountstuart Grant Duft, ten. 

Peter Duff of the New Noth family, thirteen. 

Robert Duff of the New Noth family, twelve cliildrcn, and about forty 


) .; ■/ Mr ! _l 


Also to tlio lonj:jcvity of the fuinily : 

Adam Duff of Clunybeg was eighty-four wlien lie died. 

His son, Provost Wilham Duff, was eighty-three. 

Margaret Duff of Culter, eighty-three. 

James, the second Earl, Alexander, the third Earl, their brother George, and 
their sister. Lady Anne, were all eighty. Lady Sophia, eighty-six. 

James, the fourth Earl, was eighty-one. 

Sir James Duff of Kinstair, eighty-three. Ilis daughter Anne, ninety-one. 

James Duff of Corsindae, eighty-four. ]\Largaret Duff of Corsindae, ciglity- 
ninc. ^Villiam Duff of Corsindae, eighty-four. 

Blargaret Duff of Crombie, eighty-nine. Her nephew, James Duff o[ Cadiz, 

J!iehard Wharh.n Duff, righly. Anne Jane Wharton Duff, ninety. Mary 
^VIlar^on Duff (Mis. liuiicr), eighty-five. 

Anne Duff of Banff (iMrs. Biggar), ninety-two. 

Innes Duff of Dundee, ninety-four. 

Janet Duff of Ayr, ninety. 

Mary, sister of Jlajor Lachlan Duff, ninety-two. 

Jemima, sister of the same, eighty-two. 

Jlaria Garden Duff, eighty-four. 

Benjamin Duff of Hatton, eighty-nine. 

James Duff of New Noth, eighty-one. General Robert William Duff, 

And many others. 


In the early history of the Duff family there have been so many instances of 
men being ' put to the imni,' that a full description of that ceremony may be 

A person ^vho disobeyed a charge was proclaimed a rebel by ' denunciation.' 
Prior to the year 1.S;JS this Act of Denunciation was ))erfornud by a messcngcr- 
at-arms, who ]5rocecded to the Cross of Edinburgh, or to the IMarket Cross of the 
head burgh of the county in which the man charged had his residence, and there, 
in the presence of two witnesses, cried three several ' oyez's ' v.-ith an audible 
voice, and then read jnibliely the letters of horning and the execution of charge, 
and thereafter denounced the offender as a rebel and put him ' to the horn,' 
as it was termed, by three blasts of a horn. If the offender was ' forth of the 
kingdom,' the denunciation was proclaimed at the Cross of Edinburgh and the 
pier and shore of Lcith. The denunciation was declared null if the letters of 
liorning and the execution were not registered within fifteen days in the Sheriff 
Court J5ooks of the jiuisiiietion \vitliin which the debtor resided, or in the General 
llcgistcr at Edinburgh. 


Dcmincialiou uLso proceidcd :i<;aiiisl, persons cili-d lo llic Court ot Justiciiiry 
oil accoiiul, ol' criiiK's : Fii'sl., wIn'U tlicy a|i|)c;iri(l willi inoiv I'ol lowers lliau wire 
allowed by the Act of 1555. Secondly, \vhere, in cousequenee of failure to appear, 
sentence of fugitation had been pronounced against them. 

The consequences of a Denunciation were formerly penal. 

1. The rebel's ' single escheat fell ' (that is, his whole moveable effects were 
forfeited to the Crown), and his liferent escheat fell to the superior, if he remained 
a year and a day unrclaxed. 

2. Prior to 1C12, persons dcnoimced, even for a civil debt, might be put to 
dealh with impunity. 

.'5. After denunciation, the rebel had no persona standi in judicio. 
l?ut the severity of these penalties was greatly mitigated, lirst by usage and 
then by legal enactment. 

In our researches into the history of the Duff family we ha\-e come across 
various small incidents relating to persons of that name not otherwise known to 
us, whose relationship to the family it is quite impossible to trace ; but some 
such incidents seem worth preserving on their mei'its. 

From Stoddart's Scollish Anns. 

' Duff. In i:i:i() Ihe Al)bot of Arbroalh eunlliiii-d to ]);,vi(l dielus Dulfi. 
son and heir of John called Dnffus, a charter of lands at Iriverallon. 

' In 1301 r5rt)kynus Duff was on an inquest at Aberdeen, and the next ye 
JIachabcus Duff, Ijurgess of Cullen, was on another at Jjanff.' 

From I he iicxik of Pluscarden, llisiuricDts of Scalland. 

1426. ' Arestatus est ibitlem Angus Duff, cum suis quattuor filiis et mullis 
aliis malefaetoribus, ad gentaculum convocatus ct arestatis, accusatis, judieatis 
et coiulampnalis, qMil)usdam decoUatis. q\iibusdani susprnsis, aliis proseriptis et 

' VX sic patriam per mnlta tenipora paeifieavit et in qtiiele remanavit.' 

That the quiet was not of long duration the next extract shows : 

From Balfour's Annals of Scotland. 

1V2S. ' Angus Duff of Strathaverne, with Hurray his brother (both of them 

the King had laitly pardoned), enter Moray with ain army of .3000 nun, and 

destroy it with fyrc and sword, bot they were met by Angus jMurray, a bird (jf 

that same fether, betwix Qiihom there was ain offe the creuelest battells fought 


that cuer was hard offc. That of both armies tluir were onhe tuelffc persons 
left ahvc and these sore woundit.' 

Thomas Duff was bur<rcss of I'orres in 1492, wiUi John, James, and Nieliolas 
Duff, his sons. Anollier Nicholas Duff was Town Clerk in lUlO, and Alexander, 
his son, was Clerk of the Exchequer. 

Rudolph Duff, in Elyin, ' dead before 1C35.' 

In the early records of Inverness there are notices of a good many Duffs. 

On December 16, 1558, James Duff was owner of the forty-schylling fyshing 
in the Ness, and of his son Alexander we have the following account : 

' Comperit in jugement Alexander Duff, eldest son huichfulle gotten to 
uniquhile James Duff, burgess of Inverness, and gaif in his bill and petition 
desyred to be cognescit as narrest and lauchfull ayr to the said umqhill James 
Duff his fadyr and to be entrit in all landis, tackis, and stedings quhilkis his 
seid fadyr deit westit and saisit and was in possession of the tyme of his 
dcceisc, viz. the fourte schilling waling of the Watter of Ness, the half and all 
and ane half auchlan pairt landis of the Barnehillis, etc., quhilk was proclamit 
at the tolbuyth stayr as us is. And James Paterson and Martync Wases, 
burgcsis of Invernis, ar becumin actit in our burrow buikis of Inverness that 
Alexander Duff sail scot and lot walk and ward eonfornie to orderis nyclit- 
bouris of this burgh, to his perfection.' May 1570. 

In 15G8 Gilbert Duff was Burgh Clerk, and was ' cicctit and chosin be Ihe 
provost, baillies and cunsall for the intaking of the threddis of the benefices 
within the parochin.' 

In 1603, Alexander Duff was Clerk, and notary public. 

In 1619, James Duff, his son, was also Clerk, and continued to exercise this 
ofliee until ICSO ; they transacted business for one JIungo Duff. It has not been 
found possible to connect these Duffs in any way with the Muldavit stock, but 
it is possible that they were a branch of that family, and that because of their 
presence in Inverness, William Duff, afterwards Provost, went to settle there in 
the seventeenth century. 

In 1715, Alexander Duff, armourer, is mentioned as holding land in Inverness. 
This must be the same man described iu the Kegisters, in connection with tjic 
birth of his children, as ' sword slipper.' 

Richard Duffc of Islington, Canon of Smithfield, was allowed a i)ension of 
£6, 13s. 4d. per annum at the dissolution of the iMonastery in 1510. 

Payment of this pension is noted many times in the Domestic Stale Papers 
of Henry viii. 

In 1602, one Patrick Duff, an Irishman, was convicted of speaking treason 
against the Queen, ' but is not yet executed.' 


A hiandi <.r I lie Duff [uiiiily sctlloil in Ulslcr (aL llic lime of I he phuiliilioii 
uf IIIsUi- in Kill), iiml Iuls resided Liicic ever since. 

The present representaLivc of this laniily is the llevcreiul John J)iilf of the 
Deanery, Athlone (one of ten children), ten generations of whose family arc 
buried in the same churchyard. 

Baird's Memoirs of the Duffs gives this brief note: 'About 1750, one John 
Duff, was sovereign of Belfast, in the province of Ulster, and Mr. Duff of Cromby 
used to correspond with him, from the shire of Air. This is a heritable onice 
belonging to the Earl of Donegal, and to which that family appoints a deputy.' 
The Jlayor of Belfast is now properly known as the Sovereign, that being the 
ancient title, and John Duff was probably Mayor. ^ 

There was a Thomas Duff, burgess of Dantzig in 1C19. 

From the Court Books ofCuUen. 

' 1C44. Margaret Duff : Adulteress, is ordaynit to mak her publick repent- 
ance Sabbathlie, viz. 

' To stand in ye jogges from ye ringing of ye first bell to ye beginning of ye 
sermone, and from thence to the stoole and sit in sack cloth, bare-footed and 
bare-legged, and to continue this Sabbathlie, until! the Minister, be advyse of 
ye brethren of ye Presbytrie, do give her absolutione.' 

' 1664. Margaret Duff gave in ain bill of complaint against Isobcll Thaine 
for calling her a drunken jade, fllthie quean, and loussie hussic.' 

From Stuart's Chronicles of Keith. 

' At Botarie, Aug. 25, 1652. The said day, Mr. William Jamison, Minister of 
Kinoir, declared there was a murder committed by William Duff, jjariochcr of 
Keith, at a penny bridal in the pariochin of Kinoir, as was alledged, the said 
William being drunk. 

'Jan. 5, 1653. Compeired William Duff in Keith and produced ane act of 
assoylment from those that were in civil power for the tyme, exempting him 
from any civil punislimcnt ; moreover ane absolutione from the friends of the 
woman killed ; yet notwithstanding of all that \vas produced, the presbyterie, 
judging the scandal still to remain, ordained him, for purging away the scandall, 
to compeir in sack cloth before the congregation of Dumbennan, quher the 
scandal was given, and there to testify his sorrow for his sinnc.' 

' Baird also states that one Thomas Duff was Mayor of Coventry in 1450, but reference to 
the T,cct-Book of Coventry shows his name to have been Tlioinas Dove. 
VOL. II. '-' iM 


From the I'anff Presbytery Records and Re!:;islei's. 

' lG7k Accuiicd, Robert DulTe.s, oi\e of the deaeons, for seaiuhdous Iraiisgress- 
ing the Sabbath in the parish oJ' Alvah, in aj^prL^hendiiig, by violence, men to 
the French captains, bj' my Lord Banff his commandments.' 

• 1675. Baptised, George, son of Alex. Barchiy, Litster and Christian Duff his 

' 1078, Feb. 12. The said day, Helen Duff spouse to Patrick Barclay died in 
childbirth, ha\"ing brought forth 3 children, two boys baptised James and John, 
and a girl baptd JMavgrt. 

' 1CS2. Baptised llary, son of Alex. Barclay, Dyer and Clnislian Duff his 
spouse— wil. llary Duff (nat. son of Robert Duff of Druuunuir). 

' 1U83. Baptised Rachel, dau. of the above. J. Ramsay of Melross a witness. 

' IGSO. ]]aptised Patrick, son of the above A. P>arclay antl C. Duff. 

' 10S7, IG Oct. Baptised AValtcr, lawful sou of Frances Duff in Banff. 

' 1G97. Baptised Patrick, son of Alex. Leslie of Kininvie — one of the witnesses 
Patrick Duff of Castletown.' 

'1C99. Baptised Anna, dau. to Mr. William Scott, goldsmith; witnesses, 
Anna Inncs, Lady Castletown and Patrick Duff.' 

Simon Duff, Fnsign in the Tangier Regiment of Foot (now 2nd Queen's 
Pvoyal West Surrey), in 1G83. 

' In our withdrawal from Tangier in lC8i he was in Captain Barbour's Com- 
pany, and sailed home with him in the Montague ; this conipanj' was only 45 
strong. They landed at Falmouth, the 3rd of Ajjril lCS-1. He was one of Kirk's 
Lambs, but was not at the battle of Sedgmoor. lie was afterwards an Ensign in 
the Scots brigade in Holland, in the regiment commanded by Brigadier-General 
Ramsay. He became Major in the regiment, then called the Qui en Dowager's 
regiment, 29th Feb. 1G9C ; served in the Cadiz expedition in 1702.' 

In the records of the Scots College at Douui is found, under date Julii 26, 

•Joannes Duff, qui jKist rhetoricam ivit ad tyroclniinn {i.e. military 
service) sed dimissus iniK-.' 

From E. Dunbar-Dunbar's Documents relating to the Province of Mora?/, 1895. 

Testimony to the prosjjcrity of the family : 

' Early in theeightecnlhcentury tliere was in the parish of Dallas a cattle lifter, 
said by his fellow parishouers to be a " verra pious man " because, before setting 
out to pillage in the low country, he laid his bomiat on the ground, went down on 
his kuces and prayed " that the Almiglity would keel, him from harming the 


(low Jind llic rallurlrss, and -iiidc liin. lo Llu' lu.lil (calllc) of Duff uf DijipK- 
d si(.' like.'" 

From )1k' Calendar of Stale Papers (Domestic Scries). 

17G5. Mr. Samuel Gaibett, writing to William Burke, states that : ' Two 
workmen in Scotland, viz. Peter Du£f and .Thomas Lewis, were engaged to go to 
Gothenburg, by one Creswcll, a Scotsman, who lives there. They were arrested 
at Montrose, and only released upon bail of £100 Scots (equal to £8, Cs. 8d.) 
Creswcll left the kingdom. It being then a punishable offence to " export 
Scottish workmen." ' 

In 1742 my Lords confirm the following presentments : 

'James Duff, a boatman at Scilly, loco. John Mitchell superannuated' 
[Bomestic State Papers). 

The following note occurs in Baird's history of the Duffs, without context : 
' London Packet, Blay 29, 1773. Portsmouth, May 25, arrived the John and 
Jlavy Duff, from Scilly, a Shipmaster of that name, cjriginall}' from Scotland, and 
setllediii Ihe West of England.' 

In ICi-'O there is also a record of ' CerlKiealr of Jolni Duffe, of St. Mary's, 
London, a Scotchman {sic). Master and owner of the Angel of London, being 
wrecked at the Isle of Scilly, going from Ireland to Koehester ' (Historical 
3ISS. Commission). 

There is now a family of Duffs in Scilly, which has been settled there for two 
and a half centuries, of which the present representative is Mr. William Duff, 
llosevean, Sutton, Surrey. Family tradition states that a Duff from the North 
originally went t<j Seijjy with Prince Charles (subsequently Charles n.) in 10 t5.' 

The voyage of the Duff missionary ship in 1797 is hitherto unexplained. 
It was apparently fitted out by some one of the name, and from that fact, and 
their discovery by those on board this vessel, the Duff Islands take their name.- 

i Mr. William Duff possesses a family tree going back to John ot Gaunt, but the first Duff 
appearing in it is his own fatlicr, William Duff, born in Scilly in iSo6, wliosc father was Samuel 
Duff, and his father another William. 

- The present writers have lost no opportunity of consulting works of reference for Dulf 
lore of any sort, and a Spanish encyelop;cdia in tlie British Museum yields the following in- 
formation : 

' Duff o' Taumako.' ' Grupo do once islas, proximo al Archipelago de Santa Cruz. Le die 
nombre el capitAn Wilson del navio Duff.' ' Group of eleven islands, near to the Archipelago of 
Santa Cruz, Captain \\'ilson of the ship Duff named them.' This refers to the islets mentioned 

The next entry is : 

' Duff, Islela del archipelago Tuamote Poliuesia, que Wilson creyo' ver in 1797, y que 
despues se ha buscado inutilemente.' ' Another island in the same part of the globe, but in a 
different group, which Captain Wilson thought he had discovered, but which lias since been 
searched for in vain ' ! 


Ex^TMCl fidin (he Chronicles of the Atholl Famihj. 

' In 1797 Doiuild Duff was a boatman at Tummcl's liouse. Steuart of 
Ballechin writes about him.' 

Tliis is the direet ancestor of Daniel Duff, late General Manager of the London 
Road Car Company, whose father James died in 1894, wliile the above Donald, his 
grandfatlier, was born in 174.2. The lives of father and son thus covering a period 
of one hundred and fifty-two years. 

The father of Donald was David Duff, a small farmer in Strathtay, early in 
the eighteenth century. 

List of all the persons in Atholl below the Pass of Killiccrankie wlio at any 
time during the Rebellion joined the Rebels, given uj) by tiie several ground 
olliccrs 174G : 

Alexander Duff in Dalmarnock — killed. 

James Duff in Dalmarnock — present at Culloden, taken prisoner. 

Charles DulT, Dunkeld, a labourer. 

On December 30, 1745, Carlisle surrendered to Cumberland. Amongst those 
who surrendered were : of Lord Ogilvie's regiment — Daniel Duff and Walter 
Menzies (sec chapter xxxvi.). Of Roy Stewart's regiment — Daniel Duff, James 
Duff, John Duff in Kirkton, Ballinluig, labourer. 

Other Atholl vassals in the Rebclhon of 1745 : 
John Duff in Glenalbert. 
Robert Duff in Wester Kinnaird. 
WiHiam Duff in Rellmaerec, servants. ' ■ 

In the list of the rebels attainted in 1747 there is one Daniel Duff, found 
guilty, but recommended to mercy. This individual is possibly identical with 
tlie ' Gentleman with a small estate in the brae of Angus ' who, according to 
Baird, ' engaged with Prince Charlie in 1745,' and was still alive when Baird 
wrote (1773). 

From Rosebcry's lAst of Persons concerned in the Rchcllion (1745). 

Rebels from the Dundee district : 

Alexander Duff, apjiventiee. Lived in Dundee, County Forfar. Carried arms 
in Reljel army. Not known what became of him. 

Glasgow district : 

Robert Duff, Painter, Glasgow. Listed with the Rebels after Preston battle 
and continued to the end. A prisoner. 

Jolin DiilT, I)a\ter in Banff. The baptisms relating to lliis John Duff's 
ehildivu are lo be found in tile registers of the Episcopal church in Banff, one 
born in the year 17t5. Afler which date the registers are lost. 


I''r(im \\\v yilhciiiiirlc I'djin:;. 

List of Rebels against whom there is pruof, above the rank of private men : 
James Duff of Torphies j'ounger (presumably James, yr of Hatton, q.v.).^ 
Alexander Ogilvy, shoemaker, Banff, ibid. A private man and lurking in 

the house of Patriek Duff on Spcyside.- 

In 1755, there died at Tarves, Alexander Duff, aged near one hundred. lie 

was a soldier in the reign of Queen Anne. 

From the Scots Manazine. 

' On July 23, 1777, John Duff, sentenced for robbing the Mail, was executed 
at St. Stephen's Green, Dublin, and after hanging the usual time, was cut down, 
put into a coffin, and carried away by his friends. He was " let blood " in a 
field, and brought alive into a cabin near IMilltown, where being too plentifully 
supplied with whisky, the bandage came off his arm in the night, and a violent 
haemorrhage ensued, of which he died about tliree o'clock next morning, most 
solemnly declaring his iinioccnce.' 

From T. A. Fisher's The Scots in Germany. 

' Augustine Duff, from Fochabers in Scotland, was abbot of the Monastery 
at Wurzburg in the eighteenth century. He is called "the type of a good 
shepherd." He was an excellent scholar and patron of the library. His death in 
1753 prevented him from finishing the reconstruction of the Chapel of Saint 

' Thomas Duff, or Duffus, was a monk there in the previous century. He died 
in 1626. He is called " poeta ccleberrimus." ' 

From Jervise's Inscriptions. 
Churchyard of Mains (Angus). 
A table-sliaped stone inscribed ' J. D.' and ' G. Y.' 

' Heir one benceth this stone consumeing lyes. 
Of wirtues honest. John Duff by nam, 
Who while he lived he was beloved by al. 

' Yet another Duff is said to have left Scotland during the '45, and taken refuge in the north 
of Ireland. This was Samuel Duff, who had a son Samuel, and a grandson Dr. Duff of Chester. 
The connection of this Samuel with any other Scottish Duffs has been lost. Anotlier family 
went to Ireland to escape persecution under John Knox ! 

= This was Patrick Duff, Town Clerk of Elgin, who must have had undeclared Jacobite 

586 xcrrivs ox tuk famw.y 

And did discs tlio lltli November lOjl, aiid nf liis nff- sixty. 
I icsl, iti Ji(jp unlil llie tyiii apeir 
Tlial I shal rest and mit my Saviour.' 

Also in tlie churcJiyard til Fearn, Ross-sliirc. 
Ai.F.xANDEii Duff. 

' Live well and die well, said Solomon the Wise, 
Here lies Alexander Duff and his three wives. 

From the Chronicles oftlie Atlioll and TuUibardine Fauiilics. 

1808. (This refers to a verj^ humble member of the clan). 

Letter to the Duke's factor : 

' The petition of poor Helen Duff, relict of the deceased John Duff, late 
residing in Dunkcld, T'ebruary 10, ISOS, most humbly shewcth that the 
Petitioner's Husband died several years ago, left her with a helpless familie, two 
of them perfectly deranged in their judgement, by which means they arc not only 
rendered incapable of earning any sustinencc for themselves, particularly one 
of them (a girlie) is so much distracted that she is tyed with a strait jaclcet and 
I'opcs, that she requires attendance night and day, and has nothing but what 
she gathers from well disposed members and benevolent. 

' That the same girlie is at present much swelled in her liands and feet with 
the ropes, etc., and the poor Petitioner has no other way of confining her, wilhuut 
being in danger. 

' She humbly pleads of your honour that you would be pleased to grant her 
as much of coarse wood as would close up her bed at sides, ends, and top. By 
way of a cage to keep her into, to relieve her from the pains she suffers from the 
ropes, etc. 

' May it therefore please your honour to consider this petition, and thereon to 
grant llie poor petitioner the dtsire lliercfore, and that she may e\ er pray that 
CJoil may liless you. Helen Duff.' 

' Charles Adam Duff, of Abchurch Lane, merchant, a bankrupt in 1789.' ' 
In 1785, Alexander Duff of JMayen had written about this Charles Adam as ' a fine 
promising young man, who had lost his father,' but we have no other clue to his 
parentage or history. 

.Tames Duff at Shrewsbury School 182.3- 1 825. 

' European Magazine. 


Fn.m Uir Tbiirs, ]l'riliirxdaij, J'Vbnuinj 1 '_', 1800. 

' Married al SL. Marliii's churcii. Janus Alcxaiuk-r Morlcy U, Miss IMaria 
Hake Duff of St. Marliifs Court ; a most beautiful aud amiable young lady of 
tiie an'e of seventeen.' 

II. A. Duff, of ;3'2 Colerainc Road, Blackhcath, also traces his descent to 
an Aberdeenshire, family. Ills great-great-grandfather, William Duff, came 
from Aberdeen, as the result of a family quaiTcl, and was resident in Broad 
Street, Carnaby Market, in 1777 ; on January 25 of that year he apprenticed 
his son, another William Duff, to James Bui'gess, citizen and musician. 
William Duff the second was admitted to the freedom of the city in 1790. 
He had three sons, John, Charles, and William, and two daughters, Anne and 
Jane Anne Gibbon. The eldest son, John, had a son, George \Villiam, father 
of II. A. Duff. William the Freeman of 1790 had also a brother Thomas 
and another, James, churchwarden of St. Butoliih's, Aldgate, whose daughter, 
Phoebe, married, on May 1, ISL't, by lieence, William Humphrey Pilehcr. Siie 
is described in the registeis of SI. iiolulpli's chinch as of America S(piare. 

It is perha[)S possible to comieet the first William given above with the 
family of William Duff, the Professor 'extruded forth from Abertleen Uni- 
versity, 1738,' and afterwards resident in London. See page 533. 

From Kay's Edinburgh Porlrails. 

Sergeant William Duff of the 42nd lioyal Highlanders. 

He was a native of Banffshire, born 1792, and enlisted August 10, ISOC, aged 
fourteen. He was promoted Corporal in ISIO, Sergeant 1812. He fought in the 
Pyrennces, at Pampeluna, Nivc, Orthes, Toulon, etc., and was wounded at the 
storming of Burgos. At \Vaterloo, where he greatly distinguished himself, he 
was severely wounded, but was soon able to return to the regiment. He was 
promoted Sergeant-Major in 1818, and in 1825 was raised to the rank of Adjutant. 
He died at Ayr, October 8, 1833. 

Jamie Duff, or ' Bailie ' Duff. 

A person of weak intellect, son of a poor widow in the Cowgate, who lived 
chiefly on charity. He had a passion for attending funerals, with paper weepers 
on his hat, and loved to wear a brass medal and chain in imitation of the City 
Magistrates, which peculiarity gained him his nickname. 

He was tall and robust, though he walked with a shambling gait. Wiien 
annoyed, he would strike at the first person he met. On one occasion, when 
some boys were teasing him, he seized a ladder standing near him. Hung it over 
his shoulder, and pursued the flying foe for some distance before he perceived 
that a painter's apprentice was on the top of the ladder, and had been forcibly 
carried away from his work. 

588 notp:s on the family 

Edward James Duff, Holly Lodge, Crcssiiinloti I'urk, Liverpool, descends 
from ;i l)raiK-li wliieli lelL SeoLlatid early in (he eiglileeiiLli eenliiry and seLLled 
near Durham. 

Dulf came from Scotland about 1715, born circa 1690. 

Joseph, born circa 1745. 

AVilliam, born cii-ca 17S0. 

Joseph, bom circa 1820. 

Hihvard Jame.i. 

It IS templing to identify the lirbt Duff in the above tree with the James Duff 
of Beaufront, who writes to Lord Braco in 174G about liis son William (sec 
ehapler x.). Tradition asserts that the Durham family was descended from 
iVdam Duff of Ciunybeg. James would thus probably be a grandson of Clnnybeg's 
son Peter, who ' went south and never returned,' and second cousin to Lord 

John Duff, LS.O., British Consul in Gothenburg comes from Livcrness. 

Thomas Duff, cooper in Inverness, went to Sweden in ISOS, his son Frederick 
William, born 1805, served in the British Consulate fiom IS'24 till his death in 
1881. Lie left three sons and three daughters, John, I.S.O., Richard, Thomas, 
Virginia, Ehzabcth, Jlary. 

George M. Duff of the Education Depart nient, Kingston, Jamaica, 
traces his descent to a Banffshire or Aberdeenshire family ; but beyond his 
father, James Duff, who was a W^S., and went to Jamaica early in the 
nineteenth century, the records have been lost. 

James Duff married Margaret Dallas and had twelve children : 
Margaret, John, Katherinc, William, Eileen, George, Louisa, Alexander 
Gordon, Dora, Isabella, Arthur, Charles. 

John Wight Duff of the Armstrong College, Newcastle-on-Tyne, and his 
unek'. Professor David Duff, are presumably coimectcd with the Perthshire 
Duffs. The Professor's grandfather, James Duff, was a farmer in the neigh- 
bourhood of Greenock. His wife was Isabella Neill. 

' TIic following pcrjions of llio luimc of Diifl havo l)ccii found in the Durham rcgi.slcrs : Jano 
Duff of the parish of Lcsbury, County Durham, married Andrew Scott, May 15, 1763 ; Eleanor 
Dufi of St. Margaret's, Durham, married Robert Sturgess, July 22, 1766; Daniel Duff of 
Whickham, County Durham, married Jane Seymour, August 19, 181 1. 


JAIMKS DUFF, m. laaljulln. iNVill. 

David Duff, D.D., LL.D., Minister U.P. Church in Helens- James, William Dutf, ironfounjer, 

buryh, 1S5G.187(J, rrofussor of CImrch History United died 1S91. m. Sarah Forguasou ■Wight. 

Presbyterian Cliurch College, Edinhurgii, lS7G-lSyu. I 

DiedlS'JO. I I 

James DufT, S.S.C., M.A., Edinburgh 187G, LL.B. John WightDuff, M.A., Oxon and Aberdeen, 

Edinburgh I8S7, of Cumniing and Dnil, Professor of Classics, Armstrong College, 

Edinburgh. born 180(3, m. E. T. Maokaj-, and has one 

son and one daughter. 

Archibalu Duff of Anneficld was well known in Aberdeen for fifty years 
as an olFicial of tlie Great North of Scotland Railway, being at one time Super- 
intendent of the Mineral Department. He was born 1822, died 1901. His con- 
nection with any otlier part of the family is not known. 

His son, James I\Iuviay Duff, now resides in Aberdeen. 

The actor, Charles Duff, wlio took the name of Dornton, was a cousin. 

Charles Duff nian-icd Louise llobertsoii, sister of T. W. Kubertson (author of 
Caste), and Harry Kdwin Doriiloii Duff is his grandson. 

.James Duff of Bruntyards, King Edward, born 1706, died 1874, married, 
January 20, 1825, Charlotte Todd, born 1805. They had thirteen children : 

1. llobert, born November 10, 1825, died November 28, 1825. 

2. Mary Ann, born 1827, died 1837. 

3. James, born 1828, died 1882 ; married Annabella Tod. 
■I. Andrew, born 1830, died 180G; married Mary Lillie. 
5. Tvobert, born 1832, died 1837. 

C. Charlotte, born 1831; married James Wall, and, secondly, John Milne. 

7. Janet Blonson, born 1830 ; married Captain Blaekloek. 

8. Allan Todd, born 1839, died 1872 ; married Marion Kennedy. 
0. Mary, born ISIO, died 1873 ; married James Milne. 

10. Alexander, born 1812. 

11. Isabella Jane, born 1844. 

12. Robina, born 1846, died 1867. 

13. George Skene, born 1849, died 1870. 

Of the aljove, the two Roberts, Mary Ann, Andrew, Robina, and George 
Skene, arc buried in the old churchyard, Banff. 

James, the eldest surviving son of the above family, and his wife, Annabella 
Tod, had eiglit sons : 

1. James Evskine, born 1869; married Elsie Watson of South Africa. 

2. Robert Tod, born 1871, died 1890. 

3. Ilatlon, born 1872, died 1878. 
VOL. It. 2 N 


4. Andrew Allan, born 1871 ; married Eleanor Watson of South Africa, 

5. JoJin, born 1875, now in Mains of Tipperty ; married Margaret Duncan. 
G. Charles, born 1S77, now at Bruntyards. 

7. Stuart, born 1879, died 1892. 

8. Ilatton, born 1881. 

Tlie earlier history of this family is not known, but the father of James Duff 
was carting contractor for Banff ; he is conjectured, by the family, to have been 
some connection of the Corsindae Duffs, and James Duff was wont to remark 
that the property of Eden should rightly have come to him 1 

James Erskine, the eldest grandson of James, is now in the firm of Duff, 
Mitchell, and Eadie, accountants, Pietcrmaritzburg. 

James, second Lord Fife, granted land in Botriphnie and Morllach to 
Alexander Duff, an illegitimate son of some member of Keilhmorc's 

The family down to the present day is shown in the following table : 
Alexander Duff, who went blind in his latter daya, married Elspet Dcy, and 
had — 

1. James, born 1702, died young. 

2. John, born 17GG. 

3. Alexander, born 17G8. 

4. James. 

5. Margaret, died unmarried, buried in Mortlach. 
G. Janet. 

7. William, born 1778. 

8. Lauchlan, born 1782. 

lie mariied, secondly, Margaret Chalmers, and had one daughter, Anne, who 
had a free house in Macduff from the fourth Lord Fife. She also went blind, and 
died unmarried. 

The seventh of the above children, William, born 1778, died 1858, married 
Margaret Christie. He had ten children : 

1. Helen, married W. Walker, and had William, Helen, James, and Eliza- 

2. Janet, born 1812 ; married, in 1831, James Keid, and had one daughter 
Isabel, born 1835, married, in 1805, to William B(j(jdie, and had two sons, George 
Duff Boddie and William Boddie.i 

3. William, who \sas in business in Keith, and was succeeded there by his 
son George. 

4. l\Iargarct. 

5. George 1 , . 

G. Elspet r^^'"^- 

' Mrs. Boddie is tlio source of information as to this branch of the Duff family. She 
possesses a sampler giving the names of the children of Alexander Duff and Klspet Dey, 


Geokge married Margaret Stables, and had one daughter, Maggie, wlif) 
went blind and died in 180A ; another, Jeanie, who went to Anieriea;and 
three sons, William, George, and James. 

7. Christina, married to J. Edwards. 

8. Eliza. 

9. Alexander. 

10. James, who married Anne Watson, and had one son James ; a daughter 
I^Iaggie, who died ; and a son George, now in Maeduff, who has a family. 

Two generations of Duffs to whom we have no elue are buried in Banff 

Robert Duff, born 1748, died 1810, and Isabel Leslie his wife, 1715-1813. 
Also William Duff, son of the above, born 1773, died 1842, and Sarah Reid, 
his wife, 1781-1851. 

They presumably had some connection with Banffshire, though William 
Duff is only described as ' of Liverpool.' 

Court-Marlial held at Bilboa, January 27, 1814. 

Lieutenant James Duff of the 11th Regiment of Foot was arraigned on 
the following charges : 

1. For disobedience to orders and neglect of duty in quitting Santander 
without communicating with the commanding oIRcer. 

2. For taking away with him, and endeavouring to carry off to England, 
Private Donnovan of the 11th Regiment without leave. 

3. For having left behind him in the town several debts and demands un- 

4. For going on board a vessel at Bilboa with intent to sail for England, 
without previouslj' acquainting the commandant there. 

5. For having drawn stores at Bilboa, equivalent to twenty-nine days* 
rations, without orders, and then selling a considerable part of the same. 

6. For buying a horse by means of a bill on England, and meantime selling 
the horse. 

7. For ordering shoes for the regiment, and selling the same for his own 

The court found him guilty of the majority of the above charges, which, being 
' to the prejudice of good order and military discipline, and in breach of the 
articles of war,' did sentence him to be dismissed from His Majesty's service, 
which sentence was confirmed by the Prince Regent. 

We have no clue as to the birth and parentage of this olhcer. 

•John Duff, Quarternuister-Sergeant of llie 71st Foot, residing in Dundee, 
who died 1835, had two sons : James, who went to America, and another who 


kft a son Alexander, served heir to his grandfalher in ISGS ; arul three 
daughters: Janet, afterwards Mrs. Thompson; Mary Ann, afterwards Mrs. 
Fenwick ; and Isabella. 

John Duff, Surgeon-Major, K.A., was tlic son of Hugh Duff, fanner, Eddcr- 
ton, Ross-shire, wlio died IS-IT. John himself died ISTl. He had iwn brothers, 
Hector and Walter, and all three were at Aberdeen University in IS t-1. 

George Duff was a banker in Dunkeld,and married a Miss Smy ttan of Perth. 

His son, John Duff, was twice married. Of his second family tjiere were 
three sons: George Smyttan; Andrew, who was drowned at sea; and Charles 
Murray Duff, a surgeon in India, married Eliza Jane Wallace, who died in 
18S3, and is buried at Kcnsal Green. 

George Smyttan lived at one time at the manse at Kinfauns, with some 
relatives of his grandmother, Miss Smyttan. He was afterwards a banker and 
planter in Ceylon, and after his retirement held the property of Ileatherly, near 
In\'erness. His wife was Louisa IJodney, who died IS'Jj. He left three sons : 

1. George Alexander, now at Folkestone. 

2. Chailes Edward, late of the 8th Hussars, retired as Brevet-Colonel, 
March 7, 1900, now of Bradford Abbas, Sherborne, Dorset. Served in the 
Afghan War, 1S79-18S0, and in South Africa. Queen's medal, with five clasps ; 
King's medal, two clasps ; C.B. 

3. Frederick, Captain 9th Lancers, 1889, 
And two daughters : 

4. Louisa, now Mrs. Ncvett. 

5. Alice, now Mrs. Percy Oswald. 

There are families of all three sons. D. G. Duff, known as a runner at Eton, 
and now at Sandhurst, is a son of Captain Frederick Duff. 

Early in the eighteenth century, a William Duff went to settle in King George 
County, Virginia, and with him went his sister Eleanor, married to \Villiam 
Green, one of the bodyguard of King William iii., as shown in the Census of 
the Officers of the Court, 1093-1694. According to American tradition, William 
and Eleanor were ' the children of Alexander Macduff of Keithmore, died 1700, 
and his wife Helen, died 1094, daughter of Alexander, second son of James de 
Grant of Freuehie.' It is tradition that ' William assumed the name of Duff 
because his father had been obliged to do so, having been outlawed because of 
his services with Montrose.' There is, of course, something wrong with the story 
here, because, though Alexander Duff of Keithmore was outlawed, he did not 
change his name ; moreover Ids son William remained in Scotland and founded 
the family of the Earls Fife ; but William Duff of Virginia may, quite possibly, 

T,l<7rTKK FROIM rATKlCK Wl<:i\IYSS r/.)3 

have been a nephew, son of one of vVIexander's younger brolIier,s, or some renioler 

Eleanor Duff and \Viniani Green had a son Robert, born 1C05, died 1747, 
whose son. Duff Green, was a General in the American War of 1812. 

William Duff made his will in 1741, and it was proved in 1745. In it 
he mentions his ' wife Elizabeth, and his kinsmen William and John Duff 
and William's daughter Anne, Robert Green, his nephew, and Ms seven 
sons, William Green, Duff Green, Robert Green, Nicholas Green, John Green, 
James Green, and Moses Green.' There is a town Macduff in Texas, and towns of 
Duff in the states of Arkansas, Indiana, Kentucky, Nebraska and in Orange 
County, Virginia, which probably show that members of the family were once 
settled in those parts. 

There was also a Thomas Duff, Colonel in the Revolutionary War, 1777, who 
lived in the village of Newport, Wilmington City, Newcastle County, Delaware. 

lie died in 1808, leaving three sons : Thomas, a lawyer ; Henry, who also 
served through the Revolutionary AVar, and died 1789 ; Edward, a surgeon, 
died 1785 ; and a daughter Jane. 

Thomas Duff was believed to be of Scottish extraction. 

Robert A. Duff of Montgomery, Alabama, states that he represents the fourth 
generation of Duffs settled in the U.S.A. ; his great-grandfather came from 
Scotland, but there is no record of the county. Robert's father was Alexander 
Tillery Duff, born in 1837, who fought under General Custes in the American 
Civil War. He married Mary Schoolcraft. 

Alexander had three younger brothers, Charles, Adrian and Correy. 

Adrian, now deceased, left three sons : Charles, James, and Adrian, now 
living in New York City.' 

The following letter from an early genealogist seems worth inserting : 

r. ]Vciuij.'i.s to the Hon. Mr. Luff of Premnmj 

' Honourable Cousine, — I send you here a short list of our Noble Ancestors _ / 
the Thans and Earls of Fife, the Great Macduffs. A family, in my opinion, much / 
above the Duglasses, ^vho not only learned subjects to reljell, but even to fight / 

• All families of Duff with whom wo have been able to get into communicalion are here 
noted, but there are still innumerable branches in England which apparently have no con - 
nection, or at least no record of such connection, with the parent stock in Scotland. 

A ' genor.-il search ' in the Somerset House Registers revealed the existence of such a vast 
number of nnknown Duffs tliat the attempt to deal with them all had to be abandoned. In 
one quarter of one year seventeen John Duffs were baptised, to none of whom have wc any 


ii^^ainst their Sovereigns wliu liad raisLcl Uicin to Greatness. Nothing like 
it in tliis Illustrious family. 'Tis true, the Inquity u[ the times made the two last 
Duncans aet against the Interest of the Kingdome ; and that was their ruine. I 
shall leave other reflexions whieh may be made, to your Prudence. Here you 
have the originc of your own family and all that ever I heard of it. If it do not 
displease, pray let me have a short and exact account of it that I may put it in 
fine Latin for a Dedication of a book I intend to write. I resolve to offer it to 
you as a testimony of my love, respect, and gratitude, because you appeard a 
friend in time of need, which favour shall never be forgotten by me. I flatter 
mj'self that the performance will be acceptable to all True Scotsmen, yea, to all 
Lovers of Ancient Learning seeing it is work in the common language of Europe, 
and for the Glory of the ancient Kingdome. It will be therefor a very great 
pleasure and satisfaction to me to see your name at the front of this little book. 
'Tis all I can offer you, being nothing else in my small power. I shall waite 
j'our answer, seeing my weakness confins me almost now to my Room that I 
cannot come abroad and a visit would be most acceptable from you whom I love, 
revere and esteem, and shall do while I breath. This, with my best wishes to 
yourself, my Lady Braco, your own Sweet Lady, and commending you all to the 
Protection of the Almighty. — I am in all respects. Honourable Cousin, Ever 
Yours in Christ, P. Weemys. {D.) 

' Fkom mv Room, i) bcr the 4tli, 172G.' 


Abel, Mr., tutor, 121, 141, 191. 
Aberbrothock, Parliament of {1320), 10. 
Aberchirder village, 209. 
Abercroniby (Abercrombie) family, connec- 
tion with Duff family, 101-2, 562. 
Alexander, falconer to Cliarles i., 562. 
Alexander of Glassaugh, m. Helen 

Meldrum, 416. 
Alexander of Tilliebody, m. Mary Duff, 

69, 78, 499- 
Anne of Glassaugh, m. Adam Duff, 345. 
Arthur of Glassaugh (formerly Duff), 213, 

Elizabeth, m. John Duff (sixtli) of Muldavit, 

Genealogical tables, 102, 563. 
George, Sir, 487. 
George of Tilliebody, 499, 500. 
Helen of Glassaugh, m. James Duff of 

Craigston, 297, 298. 
James of Glassaugh, General, m. Mary 
Duff, 64 nole, 88, lor, 102, 103 note, 
129, 2S2. 
Jean, m. (i) Capt. G. Morison ; (2) Admiral 

Robert Duff, 102, 317, 318. 
John, ' Mr.,' 345, 350, 362, 366, 367. 
Margaret Gurney, 213, 322. 
Mary Cameron, 213, 322. 
Morisons, connection with, tabic, 563. 
Ralph, Sir, 500. 
Robert, Sir, of Birkenbog, m. Helen 

Abercromby, 499. 
Thomas St. Clair, Rev., King's Painter, 
102, 240, 241. 
Aberdeen Town Council, mortification to, by 

Helen Taylor, 80. 

Aberdeen University : 

Duffs at, 32, 33, 369. 

Mortification to, by Margaret Gordon, 
1709, .3'5. 
Abcrdoiir. See Gordons of, 
Aberlour estate, 224. 
Abernethy family : 

Balvenie, owners of, 66. 

Burial place of Abcrnetliys, 277. 

Helen, 274, 27S. 

James, records tampered witli, 1657, 

James of Mayen, m. Jean Duff of Hatton, 
^3^. ^7-(- 

I Abernethy family — continued. 

I Jane (Miss Jennie), m. Alexander Duff of 

j Mayen, 274, 518. 

I John of Mayen, 274, 277. 

i?atrick, Sir, murder of Duncan, tenth Earl 
of Fife, 10. 
Ablomar, Comte d', m. Robina Mary Duff, 

Ada, or Ela, niece of Malcolm iv., m. Duncan, 

sixth Earl of Fife, 8. 
Adam, architect of Duff House, no, 114, 

Adams, Mrs. (Charlotte Duff), 449. 
Adam.son, James, of Floors, m. Elizabeth Duff, 

Aikman, Rev. Alexander, m. Eleanora 

Gordon, 404. 
AiNSLiE family : 

Children of Ainslie Douglas Grant Duff, 

Douglas, 499. 

Edith Fanny (Rachel), 499. 
Eileen Rachel, 499. 
Jane Catherine, m. James Cuninghame 

Grant Duff, 495. 
Juhan, 499. 
Percival, 499. 

Whitelaw, Sir, 495, 496 note. 
Ajax, burning of, off" Tenedos, 269, 32* nole. 
Albany, Madame d' (Countess), widow of 

Prince Charles Edward, 177. 
Albany, Robert, Duke of, 11, 564 7iote. 
Alexander, minister, daughter of, m. George 
i Duff of Edindiach, 426. 

I Afford, battle of, 344 and note. 
Allachie, 54, 55. 

Isabel, m. J|ohn Duff, tenth and last of 
; Muldavit, 20 el seq., 29. 

1 Robert, m. Helen Duff, 457. 
I Allen, James, m. Margaret Grant, 494. 
j American Civil War, services of General 
I William Latimer Duff, 540. 

I American War of Indciiendence, references 
to, in Duff correspondence, 160, 184, 314, 
I 509, 519-21, 526, 556. 

Andrassy, Count, 221. 
; Angus, ' parson,' 3SS. 

Antrobus, Anna Maria, ni. Cosmo Lewis Duff 
I Gordon, 423. 

Archdale, Hugh James, m. Helen Evelyn 
I Grilfith Boscawcn, 271. 



Ardgay, lands of, 175. 

Army and Navy Club, ' Rag ' nickname given 

by ' Billy ' Dull, 279. 
Arnott, Niel, m. Ilormione M. L. Cooper, 220. 
Assheton-Smith : 

Charles Garden, 254, 574. 

George, 254. 
Aslisk estate, 175. 

Astley, Mary, m. Robert George Duff, 254. 
Athole, Ada, heiress of, m. Jolin, s. of David 

of Strathbogio, 8. 
Auchinhampcr estate, 231. 
Auchintoul, 224, 249, 563, 570-2. 
Austin, Lucy, m. Sir Alexander Cornewall 
Duff-Gordon, 424. 

Badcheir, lands of, 19. 
Bade and Cairnwhclp, Duffs of, 452 et seq. 
Descent, 341. 

Place-name, Bad or Bade, 432, 454. 
Bagot, Mat., 386 and note. 

Christian, m. Colonel Alexander Dull of 

Muirtown, 410. 
General, 303. 

John of Torbrech, m. Wary BaiUio, 3G1. 
Mary, m. William DufJ of Muirtown, 408. 
Mrs. (Henrietta Dufl), 542. 
William, m. Mary, d. of Provost William 
Duff, 355, 361. 
Baird, William, of Auchmcdden, 87, 95, 

97, 195, 406 note. 
Baker, Mrs. (Caroline Duff), 446. 
Balbogie, 49G note. 
Balfour, Grisell, 282. 
Ballinloan and Findowic or Fandowie, Duffs 

of, 13, 184, 544 et seq. 
Balmoral, lease to Prince Albert, 504. 
Balnoon, 231. 
BalquhoUy, 36, 231,233, 235. See a/so Hatton 

Lodge and Hatton Castle. 
Balvenie estate and castle, 65, 07, 74. 

Forbes, Arthur, dispute with, 06, 71, 114 

and note. 
New house built by William Duff, Lord 
Braco, 79 note 3, no, in. 
Banffshire, Duff representatives in Parlia- 
ment, 172, 405 note. 
Bangstry, 46. 

Bankers of the North, Duffs as, 90. 
Banks, Sir Joseph, letters to, 445. 
Banquo, Beatrice, m. Macduff, eighth Thane 

of Fife, 2. 
Barclay : 

jMexandcr, m. Christian Duff, 3S2. 
Alexander, Sir, m. Helen Dull, 4 17. 
J., m. Jessie Duff, 440. 
Barmskirk in Caithness, estate of, 322. 
Barnes, Janet, in. Major George Duff, 4S3. 

Barnet, Amy Katliorine, m. Kdward Alex- 
ander James Dull, 272. 
Barron, Helen, ra. John Dull, minister of 

ICinfauns, 542. 
Beauly Road Well, 410. 
Beechcroft, Louise, wife of George Graham 

Kayll Duff, 323. 
Beldorney, 223 note. 
Bell, Grisel, m. Andrew,s. of John Duff (last) 

of Muldavit, 25. 
Bell, Thomas, m. Helen fJuff, 242. 
Bellers, Lilian, m. Trevor Griffith Boscawen, 

Bellyhack, lands of, 62, 68, 401, 402. 
Bennett : 

Adam, m. Janet Duff, 356. 
Jane, m. Ale.xander Duff, in Midtown of 
Glass, 440. 
Bethune, Elizabeth, of Balfour, m. Alexander 

Abercromby, 562. 
Biggar, Walter, m. Anne Duff, 245. 
Bilbohall, 145, 149, 2S3. 
Bisset, Thomas, of Upscttlington, m. Isabel 

Dull, II. 
Blackwood, the Hon. T., Captain, 270. 
Blaikio, Mrs., 245. 
Blaikie, Walter IBiggar, 244, 245. 
Blairmore estate, 224. 
Blandy, Eliza Jane, m. James Adam Gordon 

Duff, 489. 
Blandy, Graham, m. Maria Duff, 4S9. 
Blervio, 94, 155,271. 
Boddie, WilUam, m. Isabel Reid, 590. 
Body-snatchers, precautions against in 1803, 

Boece, Hector, mention of Fifus Duffus, i. 
Bogfontein, 231. 
Bolton, Hely Frederick, m. Eliza Jane Duff, 

Bonham, Edith F., m. Evelyn Jlountstuart 

Grant Duff, 498. 

Bonnyman, , m. Maggie Duff, 440. 

Bonnyman of Geddes, m. Elizabeth Duff, 440. 
Bonnyman of Hillockhead, m. Margaret Duff, 

Booth, John, merchant in Aberdeen, m. Jean 

Duff, 537. 
Boreel, R. E., m. Florence Brooke, 528. 
Botriphnie Church, escutcheon of Katherine, 

Lady Drummuir, 379. 
Brabazon - Moore, Beatrice, m. Porcival 

Ainslic, 499. 
Braco House, 63. 
Braco, lands of, 68. 
Braco, Lord, 109 ; and see William Duff, first 

Earl Fife. 
Bradford, Mrs. Anne, m. James Duff, 4SS. 
Braemonston, House of, 399. 
Brcbner, Alexander, 387. 
Brodic of Brodie, m." Margaret Duff, 164. 
Brodie, Thomas, W.S., 374, 400. 
Brokynus Duff, 579. 



Brooke : 

Francis Capper, m. Louisa Duff, 528. 

Kichard, Sir, m. Louisa DuH, 217. 
Brown : 

, m. Mary Russell, 405. 

John, Chicago, m. Ella May Duff, 542. 
Brucklay, 335, 336. 

Brydges, Fanny, m. John Diif=f Dingwall, 33G 
Buchan, Jamos, m. Helen Dull, 212, 251. 
Budworth, Captain Joseph, 4S1. 
BuUer, Daniel, m, Mary Wharton, 503. 
Bulloch, J. M., 43, 3O8. 
Bulloch's House of Gordon, 41, 500. 
Burgesses, 237-8, 241, 283, 292, 341, 343, 432. 
Buried Cat Scandal, 1650, 40. 
' Burning of Frendrauglit,' 1O30, iS note. 
Burns, Kobert, 171, 313. 
Butterfield, Jane, m. Lachlan Gordon (after- 
wards Duff), 406. 
Byles, Miss, m. Thomas Duff, 549. 
Byron, Lord : 

Descent from Patrick Duff of Craigston, 

Godfather, Colonel Robert William Duff, 
321 note. 

Mary Duff, 246-7. 

Caithness, Countess of, 170. 
CalJer, barony of, 10. 
Calder, Sir James, 83, 355. 
Campbell : 

Alexander of Delnies, 374. 
Anne, m. Alexander BaiUie, 361. 
Archibald, Sir, m. Magdalen BaiUie, 361. 
Colin of Delnies, m. Mary Duff, 353, 374. 
Francis Garden of Troup, m. Maria Duff, 

484, 487- 
Hugh, Sir, of Cawdor, letters to William 

of Dipple, 84, 85. 
Hugh, minister of Tilliemuir, m. Henrietta 

Campbell, 353. 
Isobel, m. (i) Robert, s. of Alexander, 
younger of Drummuir, 376, 380-2; (2) 
Arthur Gordon of Carnousie, 36S note. 
Canada : 

Climate of, 153, 577. 
Journey to, William Duff's letter, 517. 
Position in (1775-6), Sir James Duff's 
letters, 509. 
Cardinal, George, of Colorado, m. Edith Ann 

Duff, 542. 
Careston, 192, 193, 204. 
Carey, Captain William, m. Julia Hcwett, 

Cargill, Maud, m. Bruton Duff, 323. 
Carnousie, House of, 466, 478. 
Cary, Baroness, 278. 
Castlelicld, lands of, 17. 
Castleton estate, 228, 298. 

VOL. II. 5 

Causton, John, m. Nora Aikman, 404. 
Chalmcr, John, minister of Gartly, m. Jean 

JJulf, 343, 532- 
Chalmers : 

Agnes, m. David Duff of Muldavit, 14. 
Margaret, m. Alexander Duff, Botriphnie, 
Chambers's History of the Rebellion, 377, 411. 
Chancellor, Edward, of Shieldliill, m. Anne 

Helen Tod, 505. 
Chapman, Dr., of Inchdrewer, 193, 204, 215. 
Charleston Heights, battle of (Bunker's HiU), 

Charles Edward, Prince. Refer to title '45. 
Charnock's Naval liiography, 309 note, 311, 

Cherbourg Expedition (1758), 311. 
Chincough, 413. 

Christie, Margaret, m. William Duff, 590. 
Clan Chattan, fight with jNIunros, Major 

H. R. Duff's monument at Clachua- 

harry, 410. 
Clare, Johanna de, m. Duncan, tenth Earl of 

Fife, to. 
Clark, Miss, m. Walter William Duff, 549. 
Clarke, Hastings, of Achareidh, m. Eleanor 

Steuart, 404. 
Clayton, Kathleen, m. Arthur Cuninghame 

Grant Duff, 49S. 
Clerk : 

David, lost in Ajax disaster, 268, 320 ywtc. 
David, m. Helen Duff, 29S. 
James of Bonnington (Baron Clerk 
Rattray), m. Jean Duff, 315, 319 
Clive, Lord, mutiny against, 476. 
Clough, Lily, m. John Duff, 256. 
Clunybcg, lanils of, 62. 
Clunymore, Milton, and Smithston, lands of, 

Cockburn, Robert, ra. Mary Duff (Byron's 

Mary), 212, 247. 
Cockshott, Mary Hannah, m. Professor 

Archibald Duff, 552. 

Cole, , m. Margaret Duff, 447. 

Collier, Hon. Gerard, m. Lily Ermengarde 

Fanny Grant Duff, 498. 
CoUyer, Daniel, of Wroxham, m. Lady Sarah 

Duff, 193. 
Comyn, John, Earl of Buchan, m. Isabel 

Duff, 10. 
Connaught, Arthur, Prince of, 226. 
Conyngham, Laura, in. James Duff Dulf, 

Cook, Jean, m. Garden William Duff of 

Hatton, 252. 
Cooke, Captain of the Dellcrophon, killed 

at Trafalgar, 263 note, 266 and note. 
Cooiier, Sir Alfred, m. Laily Agnes Cecil 

l{inmelinc JJiiff, 220. 
Alfred Duff, 220. 
Corbet, Alicia, m. Duncan, s. of Duncan, 

sixth Earl of Fife, 8. 



Cordincr's Rcmayliable Ruins, 65. 

Corner, Hannah, m. Sir John James Gordon, 

139, 559- 
Corncwall, CaroUne, m. Sir WiUiam Duil 

Gordon, 423. 
Cornyhaugh estate, 277. 
Coronation of kings of Scotland, 4, 10. 
Corsindae, 336. 

Corsindae, Duffs of, 32S el scq. 
Cosway, 188, 205. 

Coulson, Hubert, m. Constance Taylor, 271. 
Coventry, Henry Aubrcv, m. Lady Alcxina 

Duft, 220. 
Coxton estate, 89. 
Cradock, Christopher, m. Georgina Grace 

Abercromby Dulf, 4S3. 
Craighead, 15. 
Craigniile, Hlizabeth, m. Professor Archibald 

I'utf, 551- 
Craigston, 227, 228, 2q8, 561. 
Craik, Sir H., A Coittiiv of Scottish History, 

Cramoud, Dr. : 

Aiumls of Banff, 17S, 209. 
His researches, 38, 40. 
His opinions, 13, 30, 39, 42, 181. 
Refutation of his position, 41. 
' Tiger ' Duff, article on, 474 note. 
Creed, Richard, m. Jessie Gordon, 559. 
' Creely Duff,' ballad, 53. 
Crimean War, James I)ufl's, grandson of Sir 

James Kinstair, services, 531. 
Crombie, Duffs of, 414 et scq. 
Crow, Fanny, nurse, 318. 
Crow, Grizel, 150 note. 
CuUen Church: 

Duff aisle built by Helen Hay, 16, 49 note. 
Monuments removed by second Karl Fife, 
CuUen Cotirt Books, 21, 29, 38, 41, 581. 
CuUoden, battle of, 57, 109, 40S and note. 
CuUoden Dower House, 409. 
Culloden Palmers, edited by Major Hugh 

Robert Duft, 411. 
Culross, Abbey of, foundation by Malcolm, 

seventh Karl of Fife, S. 
Culler, 281, 290, 302, 318 and note, 326. 
Cumberland, Duke of, 109, 377. 
Cuming, Alexander, of Craigmiln, 57. 

Amelia, m. Thomas Pod, 248. 

Anno, ni. James Duff of Corsindae, 331, 333. 

James of iJalshungic, ni. Calheiine 

Campbell, 353. 
William of Auchen, disposition of lands, 
Cimliffo, Rodger, m. Evelyn Dnff-Gordon, 

Cut liber t — continued. 

Alexander, merchant in Inverness, m. 

I\lary Du(f, 352. 
Alexander, Provost of Inverness, 356. 
H. P., M.D., m. Katherine Fmma Duff, 

James of Machinch, 350. 

Dallas, Margaret, m. James Duff of Jamaica, 

Dalrymple, Elizabeth, m. William Duff of 

Crombie, 418. 
Dalrymple, Dr., m. Jane Barclay, 417. 
Dalrymple, W., letters to Mrs. George Duff, 

266, 208, 209. 
Dalrymple, Sir H., m. Janet Duff, 419. 
Dalzell, Frances, m. Hon. George Duff, 144, 

145, 191- 
Dand, James BrigncU, m. Rose Mary Duff, 

Darwin, Francis, m. Georgina Huntly Duff, 

Daugh, Daach, Davoch, 32, CO. 

Davidson, , m. Mary Duff, 440. 

Davidson, Cliristian, m. John Duff, 431. 
Davidson of Newton, m. a daughter of 

Patrick Duff of Craigston, 297. 
Davidston estate and house, 366 note, 372, 

Davies, Deborah, m. Hon. Lewis Duff, 153-5. 
Davies, Iv. Hart, m. Sybil Mary Cooper, 220. 
Dawes, Basilia, m. Sir James Duff of Kinstair, 

512, 514, 515, 516, 
Dawn, Margery, m. Major Robert Duff of 

LadyhiU, 460. 
Daw.son, Dr., m. Jane Marion Tayler, 196. 
Dclgaty Castle and estate, 215, 21S, 499. 
Dempsey, Mary, m. Robert Fraser Duff, 322. 
Dcy, Elspet, m. Alexander Duff, Botriphnie, 
I 590. 

I Dick, Alexander, m. Helen Hay, 16. ^ 
j Dighton's caricature ' The Discharged Fifer,' 


Catlierinc, 336. 

John of Aberdeen, junior, m. Magdalen 
Duff, 33-:-4- 

John of Briicklay, 335. 

John Duff, 335-0- 
Dinner hour (1802), 241. 
Dipple parish and church, 83 note. 
Dirom : 

Alexander, laird of Muiresk, 261. 

Sophia, m. Captain George Duff, R.N., 232, 

uses, treatment ol, .(08. 
,1, Elgin regulations (1777), 

I Donald, Govi 


Donaldson : 

Ak-xaiiilur of Ivinnninly, in. Jean Oonlon, 

3OS nulc. 
Augustns, J'tcv., m. Maria Mackie, .(04. 
Catherine, m. Lachlan M'Intosh, 331. 
Thomas of Kinnairdy, m. Elizabeth Duff, 

87, 94, 95, "(5. 
William, 90. 
Donnibristle, battle of, 10. 
Dooley, Michael Stanislaus, m. Joanna 

Walker, 404. 
l^ouglas. Bishop, 187, i8S. 
Douglas : 

Elizabeth, m. Robert Duff of Kindalachan, 

Perthshire, 552. 
James Davies, aide-de-camp to General 

Sir James Duff at Limerick, 509. 
Jean, Alexander Duff of Golspie's failure 

to marry, 532. 
Provost, monument removed from Banff 
churchyard by second Earl Fife, 181. 
Doune (afterwards Macduff), 71, 174. 
Downies estate, 231. 
Drum estate, 296. 
Drumblair estate, 231, 237. 
Drummond, Lord John, 385 and note. 
Drummuir estates, 6S, 366, 367, 401. 
Drummuir family, 354 et seq. 

Arms, 570. 
Drummuir House, 345, 389. 

Ada, 483. 

Adam, Provost of Alierdeen, 319. 
Adam of Clunybeg (Adam in Ardrone), 
16 note, 19, 20, 21, 25, 38 ct scq., 342, 
343 and vote. 
Muldavit famdy, relationship to, 38-44, 
55 note. 
Adam, fourth laird of Torricsoul, after- 
wards of Drummuir, 342, 344. 
Adam, second of Drumnunr, 344 cl scq. 
Adam of Edindiach and Dniinbiilg,454, 455, 

Adam of Mather Cluny, 48 and note, 428. 
Adam of Stocket, 297, 307, 319. 
Adam, Sheriff of Wigtonshire, 210, 321, 

Adam, s. of Adam of Drummuir, 3.(5. 
Adam, s. of Adam of Clunybeg, 46 and 

Adam, s. of Adam of Edindiach and Drum- 

bulg, 456. 
Adam, s. of Adam, Sheriff of Wigtownshire, 

210, 323. 
Adam,s. of Alexander (second) of Torriesoul, 

Adam, s. of George of I'.dindiach, 426. 
Adam, .s. of John of Howniakellacli, 331. 
Adam, s. of Atlniiral Robert, 315, 310, 318 

ct seq. 
Adam, s. of Thomas Abcrcroniby Duff, 



Adam, s. of ' Tiger,' 478, 483, 487, •-,7';, 
Adam, s. of VV.Ilium, Trovost of Invenicss, 

355, 3''i- 
Adam Gonlon, 272, 403. 
Adrian, U.S.A., 593. 
Agnes, 431. 

Agnes Cecil Emmeline, Lady, 220. 
Alan Colquhoun, 254, 255. 
Albert Adam, 322. 
Albertine Eleanore, 322. 
Alexander, Agent for North of Scotland 

Bank, Aberlour, 440. 
Alexander of Ballinloan and Findowie, 546, 

Alexander, Botriphnie, 590. 
Alexander of Braco, 47, 57, 63 et seq., 

iSi, 1S3, 340 note, 347, 363, 3G0, 307, 

Descendants, 491 el seq.; table, 496. 
Drummuir property, claims to, 401, 402. 
Alexander of Corsindae (unidentified), .\2 

note, 336 note. 
Alexander, in Dalmarnock, 584. 
Alexander of David.ston, 374, 375, 3SS 

and note, 391, 392, 409, 475 note. 
Alexander of Delgaty, General tlie Hon. 

Sir,, 179, 182, 193, 204, 207, 

210, 215 et seq., 499. 
Alexa.nder of Drummuir, 30, 31, 66, 

346-7, 350, 352, 354 ci scq., 366 et seq., 

3S9, 408, 432- 
Arms, 570. 
Alexander of Elgin, 442 ct seq. 
Alexander and his three wives, buried at 

Fearn, 586. 
Alexander, third Earl Fife, 141, iSo, 

1S2, 191 et seq., 450. 
Alexander, concerned in '45, 584. 
Alexander, in Glass, s. of Gumming, in Glass, 

Alexander, minister of Golspie, 532. 
Alexander of Hatton (first), 92,98, 158, 

229 et seq., 390. 
Ale.xander of Hatton (second), 131, 232 

et seq. 
Alexander of Hatton (third), 237, 238, 

246, 24S. 
Alexander, in Hillockhead, 436 et seq. 
Alexander, farmer, Illinois, 552. 
Alexander, Indian Missionary, 542-3, 549. 
Alexander of Invermarkie, 343. 
Alexander of Inverness, Armourer (' sword 

slipper '), 580. 
Ale.xander of Inverness, Clerk and Notary 

Public, 580. 
Ale.xander of Keithmore, 30, .17, 51 et seq., 

340 note. 
Anns, 55, 565. 

Conllicts with authorities, 45, 46, 60. 
Defrauding Customs, Oo. 
Lawson, Doiotliy, dealings with, 347-8. 



Duff — continued. 

Alexander of Kinloss, Town Clerk of 

Inverness, 355, 356. 
Alexander, minister of Kirriemuir, 542. 
Alexander (Sandy Dull) of Mayen, 234 

vote, 237, 273 ei seq., 475 note, 518, 

Alexander, in Midtown of Glass, 440. 
Alexander, organist at Montreal, 551. 
Alexander, minister of Monymusk, 539. 
Alexander of Muirtown, 409, 410. 
Alexander Macduff, Perth, 545. 
Alexander, minister of Tibbermuir, 539. 
Alexander of Torriesoul (first), 42, 339 

et seq. 
Tables of descendants, 339, 365. 
Alexander of Torriesoul (second), 340. 
Alexander of Torriesoul (third), 341. 
Alexander, lieir to Quartermaster-Sergeant 

John Duff, 591. 
Alexander, natural son of Alexander, third 

Earl, 195 note. 
Alexander, soldier, 5S5. 
Alexander, s. of Adam of Edindiach and 

Drumbulg, 456. 
Alexander, s. of Alexander of Davidston, 

393. 409- 
Alexander, s. of Alexander of Drummuir, 

Alexander, s. of Alexander of Elgin, 442. 
Alexander, s. of Alexander (third) of 

Torriesoul, 342. 
Alexander, s. of Daniel, farmer, Illinois, 

Alexander, s. of George, in Hillockhead, 440. 
Alexander, s. of James of Banff, 24:, 244. 
Alexander, s. of James, Bruntyards, 5S9. 
Alexander, s. of James of Corsindae, 331. 
Alexander, s. of James, Inverness, 5S0. 
Alexander, s. of James, in New Noth, 431. 
Alexander, s. of John, goldsniitli in CuUen, 

3-1 2- 
Alexander, s. of John of Elgin, 283. 
Alexander, s. of ' Mr.' John Duff, 20. 
Alexander, s. of Lachlaii, W.S., killed at 

Trafalgar, 264, 2(17, 403. 
Alexander, s. of Nicholas, Clerk of tlie 

Exchequer, 5S0. 
Alexander, s. of Patrick (' Little Clerk 

Duff), 462-3. 
Alexander, W.S., of Elgin, 463. 
Alexander, s. of Peter of Mather Cluny, 

426, 429. 
Alexander, s. of Robert, baillie of Elgin, 

Alexander, s. of William Duff, minister of 

Fovcran, 537. 
Alexander (two) sons of William of Dipple, 

87, 88. 
Alexander Arthur, died at Negapatam, 412. 
Alexander Beresford, 406. 
Alexander Callam, 537. 

Duff — continued. 

Alexander Gordon, s. of E. Alexander Duff, 

Alexander Gordon, Jamaica, 588. 
Alexander Gordon, Colonel, s. of Colonel 

Robert William, 324. 
Alexander Gordon, General, s. of Thomas 

Abercromby Dulf, 211, 323, 324-5. 
Alexander Huntly, Montreal, 551. 
Alexander Ludovic, Rear-Admiral, 254, 

255, 25<J. 
Alexander Samuel, 273, 276, 278. 
Alexander Tillery, 593. 
Alexander William George, Duke of 

Fife, 220, 223 ft seq. 
Alexander Wilnier, of Worcester, Mass., 

Alexandra Victoria Alberta Edwina 

Louisa, H.H. Princess, present Duchess 

of Fife, 225, 220., Lady, 220. 
Alfred (Pearce Duff), 552. 
Alfred Alexander, 514, 52S, 530. 
Alice, d. of Colonel James, 255, 256. 
Alice (Mrs. Percy Uswald), 592. 
Aline Rlary, 272. 
Allan Todd, 589. 
Amelia, 410. 

Andrew, Bruntyards, 589. 
Andrew, in Clunybeg, iS, 42 and note, 340. 
Andrew of Hatton, 237, 23S, 249. 
Andrew (fifth) 01 Muldavit, 15. 
Andrew, s. of Adam of Clunybeg, 47. 
Andrew, s. of ' Mr.' John Duff, 19, 20. 
Andrew, drowned at sea, 592. 
Andrew, s. of John, last of Muldavit, 25, 

Andrew, s. of John, goldsmith in Cullcn, 

Andrew, s. of Provost William, 355, 359, 

3O0 ami note. 
Andrew Allan, 590. 
Andrew Halliday, 540, 541. 
Angus, 579. 

Anna, d. of Alexander of Braco, 69. 
Anna Margaret, d. of Captain George, R.N., 

2O1, 2O7 note. 
Anne, Botriphnie, 590. 
Anne, ' Lady Mackintosh," d. of Alexander 

of Drummuir, 367, 372, 374, 37S. 
'45, entertainment of Prince Charles in 
Inverness, petition to Cumberland, 
etc., 377, 379, 408. 
Anne, Lady, 193, 237, 503, 52S. 
Anne, d. of Alexander, in Glass, 440. 
Anne, d. of Curaming, in Glass, 440. 
Anne, d. of Daniel of Logiealmond, 549. 
Anne, d. of James of Banff (Mrs. Biggar), 

236, 242, 245. 
Anne, d. of Sir James of Kinstair, 516. 
Anne, d. of John of Culbin, 391. 
Anne (two) ds. of John of Drumblair, 237. 



Duff — continued. 

Anne (Anna), d. of Jolin (Provost Dulf, 

Junior), .f;?, M^'- 
Anne, cl. of John, I'rovost of lilgin, 282, 

Anne, d. of John of Pitcliriish, 474. 
Ann, d. of Patrick (second) Town Clerk of 

Elgin, 463. 
Anne, d. of Peter of Mather Cluny, 426, 430. 
Anne, d. of Robert, minister of King 

Edward, 538. 
Anne, d. of Major Robert of Ladyhill, 460. 
Anne of Hatton, Lady, d. of William, Lord 

Braco, 112, 120, 130, 139, 141, 157, 184 

and note, 233, 235-7, ^49, 274- 
Anne, d. of William, freeman of the city, 

Anne, d. of William of Corsindae, 333. 
Anne, d. of William of Crombie, 419. 
Anni; (Baird), d. of William of Dipple, 87, 

90, 95 et seq. 
Anne, d. of William of Muirtown, 409. 
' Anne, d. of William of Whitehill, 287. 
Anne Elizabeth, 537. 

Anne Elizabeth Clementina, Lady, 220. 
Annie Louisa, d. of Garden William, 254. 
Archibald, musician and dancing-mastcr in 

Aberdeen, 550, 551. 
Archibald of Anneheld, 588. 
Archibald of Bilbohall, 283, 436, 462, 493. 
Archibald, Professor at Bradford United 

College, 551. 
Archibald (Cocliin China), 99, loi, 297, 

299 et seq. 
Archibald of Drummuir, 379, 380, 381 et 

seq., 401-2. 
Arms, 569-7(1. 
Arciiib.<lLD of Drummuir, Admiral, 211, 

393. 394. 398 ''' 5''/-. -f^y- 
Arms, 570. 
Archibald, D.D., minister at Fraserburgh, 

Archibald, s. of Alexander of Elgin, 442, 

444. 448- 
Archibald Craigmile, 552. 
Archibald Edward, 552. 
Archibald Hay Gordon, 406. 
Arthur, Sheriff Clerk of Elgin, 463. 
Arthur of Fetteresso (afterwards Aber- 

cromby), 210, 321-2. 
Arthur, Hon., of Orton, 117-9, 127, 138, 

139. 142. 150, 154. 157 <■' sfr;., 183, 

188, 318,450,473,503. 
Arthur, Jamaica, 5S8. 
Arthur, s. of Robert, merchant in Liverpool, 

etc., 461. 
Arthur, s. of William of Corsindae, 333. 
Arthur Abercrouiby, 326. 
Arthur Allan RIohison, 325. 
Arthur Meredith, 211, 323. 
Audrey Louisa, 272. 
Augusta Fanny, 446. 

Dulf — continued. 

Augustine, abbot at Wiirzburg, 585. , 

iialliia (two) ds. uf John of Druniblair, 

Batliia, <1. ol William of Wliiteliill, 28O, 

Beatrice, d. of K. A. J. Duff, 272. 
Beatrice, d. of Adam of Drummuir, 343. 
Beatrice, d. of Adam of Drumbiilg and 

Edindiach, 42O, 456. 
Beatrice, d. of Major -Genera! Robert 

William, 322. 
Beatrix, d. of Provost William, 361. 
Beauchamt, General Sir, G.C.B., 253, 293, 

Anns, 574. 
Beauchamp Oswald, 253-4. 
Bcauchamp Patrick, 251. 
Benjamin, an Irishman, 297. 
Benjamin, s. of Garden Duff of Hatton, 

210, 251. 
Bernard James (Petre), 531. 
Bertha, d. of Garden WilUam, 254. 
' Beth,' 391. 
' Billy,' 278, 279. 
Blanche, 324. 
Brooke, 447. 
Bruton, 323. 
Caroline, 446. 

Caroline Maria Manners, 540, 541. 
Catherine. See Katherine. 
Charles, Bruntyards, 590. 
Charles, Dunkeld, labourer, 584. 
Charles, U.S.A., 593. 
Charles, musician and collector of Scottish 

music, 551. 
Chades, s. of Archibald, D.D., 551. 
Charles, s. of Arcliibald, musician and 

dancing-mastcr, 551. 
Charles, Jamaica, 588. 
Charles, s. of Patrick, Provost of Banff, 

Charles, s. of WilUam, freeman of the city, 

Charles (Dornton), actor, 589. 
Charles Adam, 586. 
Charles Edmund, vicar of Sydling, Dorset, 

Charles Edward, Colonel, 592. 
Charles Francis, s. of General William 

Latimer, 540. 
Charles Garden, Sir, of Vaynol (after- 
wards Assheton-Smith), 254, 574. 
Charles Henry, M.D., 50. 
Cliarles James, buried at Port Royal, 435. 
Charles Murray, surgeon in India, 592. 
Charles Patrick, 461. 
Cliarles Vertue, 447. 

Charlotte, d. of Alexander in Glass, 440. 
Charlotte, d. of Dr. Daniel, 446. 
Charlotte, d, of James, Bruntyards, 589. 
Chariotte, d. of Robert William, 449. 



Duff — continued. 

Charlotte, (I. of William (first) of Nicholas 

I.anc, I^oiiilon, .\.\i. 
Christian, ni. Alexander Tlarclav, 5S2. 
Christian, m. William Diilf, Provost of 

Inverness, i.';5, 150, >,ho. 
Christian Baillie, d. of Major Hugh 

Robert, 413. 
Christina, m. J. Edwards, 590. 
Cicily Katherinc, 272. 
Clementina, 212, 217, 23S. 
Colban, ninth Earlof Fife, 8. 
Colbanus, fifth Thane of Fife, 2 vote. 
Constantia Harriet, 406. 
Constantino, seventh Thane of Fife, 2 7iote. 
Constantine (Constantine RIacduffc), third 

Earl of Fife, 7 and note. 
Correy, U.S.A., 593. 
Cumming, in Glass, 440. 
Gumming, s. of Cumming, in Glass, 440. 
Cumming, s. of George, in Hillockhead, 440. 
y D. G., s. of Captain Frederick, 592. 
Daniel, attainted in 1747, 584. 
D.\NIEL, Captain, 448-9. 
Daniel, brother of James of Findowie, 546 

Daniel, farmer in Illinois, 552. 
Daniel or Donald, of Logiealmond, Dundee 

Daniel, of Lord Ogilvy's regiment, sur- 
render at Carlisle (1745), 584. 
Daniel, of Roy Stewart's regiment, sur- 
render at Carlisle (1745), 584. 
D-4NIEL, Rev. Dr., of Salvadore House 

Tooting, 215 note, 442, 444 et seq. 
Descendants' claim to connection with 

Earls Fife through Hon. George Dull 

of Milton, 149, 449, 450. 
Daniel of Whickham, County Durham, 588 

Daniel, late General Manager of London 

Road Car Company, 584. 
Daniel or Donald, s. of Daniel of Logie- 

almond, 549. 
Daniel, s. of James of Findowie, 547. 
Daniel Alexander Wyatt Rawson, 325. 
Daniel George, Colonel, 4 |(j. 

Arms, 450 note. 
Daniel or William, s. of George of Edindiach, 

present day representatives, 426, 442. 
David, Professor, Edinburgh, 58S. 
David, ' Merchant, Burgess ' of Inverness, 

357 7Wte 4. 
David dictus Duftus, charter of lands at 

Inverallon, 579. 
David, minister of Moulin, Perthshire, 

David, father of Donald, boatman at 

Tummel's House, 584. 
David of Muldavit or Craighead, 8, 12-14. 
David of Strathbogie, 8. 
David, s. of Alexander of Elgin, 442. 

DufI — continued. 

Davi<l, s. of George Duff and Racliel 

(jordon, 430. 
David, s. of George, in Hillockhead, 4 (i. 
David, s. of James of Corsindae, 331, 333. 
David Claudius, 406. 
Donald, boatman at Tummel's House, 

Dora, 588. 

Dorothea Augusta, 4S3. 
Dorothy, 551. 
Dorothy Abercromby, 326. 
Dorothy Alexandra, 256. 
Douglas Garden, 253, 254. 
Douglas Mary, 254. 

Dufaganus, fourth Thane of Fife, 2 note. 
Duff (Dubh the Black), 2. 
Duff McDuff, second Thane of Fife, 2 note. 
Duffagan, second Earl of Fife, 6. 
Duncan, fifth Earl of Fife, 7. 
Duncan, sixth Earl of Fife, 8. 
Duncan, tenth Earl of Fife, 10. 
Duncan, eleventh Earl of Fife, 10 and 

Duncan, twelfth and last Earl of Fife, 


Duncan, brother of David of Fandowy, 

Duncan, teacher, Perth, 542. 
Duncan Alexander, 271. 
Duncan Forbes, 413 and note. 
Edith Ann, 542. 
Edith Jane, 540. 
Edmund Creighton, 447. 
Edward, s. of Archibald, D.D., 551. 
Edward, surgeon, s. of Colonel Thomas, 

U.S.A., 593- 
Edwakd Ale.xander James, 266, 270 

note, 271. 
Edward Gordon, 458, 461. 
Edward James of Liverpool, descent, 48, 

Eileen, 588. 
ICleanor of St. Margaret's, Durham, 5S8 

Eleanor of Virginia, 592, 
Eleanor Traill, 323. 
Ehza, 591. 

Eliza Catherine, 448. 
Eliza Georgiana (Minnie), 528, 529. 
Eliza Jane, 447. 

F:iizabeth, d. of Alexander of Elgin, 444. 
Elizabeth, d. of Alexander of Kcithmoie, 

Elizabeth, d. of Alexander (first) of lorric- 

soiil, 340, 
Elizabeth, d. of Alexander (third) of 

Torriesoul, 342. 
Elizabeth, d. of Frederick William of 

Gothenburg, 588. 
Elizabeth, d. of George, in Hilloclchead, 440. 
Elizabeth, d. of lames, in New Notli, 431. 

' Sd 



Duff — continued. 

JClizabclli, (1. of Patrick of Craifjston, 207. 

Elizabeth, d. of Tatrick (second) Town 
Clerk of Elgin, 463. 

Elizabeth, d. of William of Dipple, 87, 94. 

Elizabeth, d. of William, s. of George in 
Hillockhead, 440. 

Ella i\Iay, 542. 

Elsie, 549. 

Elspet, .=590. 

Emilia Mary Davidson, 412. 

Emily Dora (Amy), 413. 

Emma Jane, 489. 

Enid, 255. 

Eric Garden, 254. 

Esther Lilian, 461. 

Eva Maud, 280. 

Evelyn Douglas, 253. 

l'"anny Kent, 447. 

Findlay, 2S2. 

Fife (Midsliipman), 242, 244, 243. 

Fifgaous, third Thane of l^fe, 2 note. 

FoLLioT, 278-80. 

Frances, 'Fan,' 149 ct scq., iSi, 450. 

Frances, in Banff, 582. 

Frances IClizabetli, 489. 

Frances l^auline, 406. 

Francis, in New Noth, 431. 

Francis, s. of Patrick of Craigston, 297, 
300-2, 305 ct seq. 

Frederick, Captain 9th Lancers, 5. of George 
Smyttan Duff, 592. 

Frederick, grandson of William, in Hillock- 
head, 441. 

Frederick Percy, 551. 

Fredericlc WiUiam, 588. 

Fyfe Macduff, i. 

Garden of Hatton, s. of John of Drum- 
blair, 210, 237, 238, 249 et seq. 
Number of descendants, 25O-7. 

Garden (afterwards Dull Dunbar), 210, 251, 

Garden Alexandicr of Ilatton, 252 and 

Garden Andrew, 2,'i5- 

Garden Li.anoe, 255. 

Garden William, s. of Garden of Matton, 
2IO, 251, 252. 
Daughters, 254. 

George, Priest, Provost of CuUen (' Sir 
George '),!']■ 

George, banker in Dunkeld, 592. 

George of Edindiacli, 426 et seq., 456. 

George of Fctteresso, 321. 

Gi'.OHCE, in llillockliea.l, 440. 

Gl'.OKGK, formerly in I lilluckluad, now ill 
Towicmorc, 4.|i>, 441. 

George, in Keith, 590. 

George (seventh) of Muldavit, Com- 
missioner for Cullen, 17 and note. 

Duff — continued. 

George, Cajitain, R.N., killed at Trafalgar, 

232 note, 241, 241, 260 et .scf/., 512, 

George, ' in Whynty,' 19. 
George, s. of Adam of Clunybeg, 47. 
George, s. of Adam of Edindiach and 

Drumbulg, 450. 
George, s. of Alexander of Elgin, 444. 
George, s. of Gumming, in Glass, 440. 
George, s. of Dr. George, 461. 
George, s. of George, in Hillockhead, 440. 
George, s. of George, in Keith, 590. 
George, Major, s. of George Duff and 

Frances Dalzell, 144, 146 et scq., 450. 
George, s. of James, in Macduff, 591. 
George, s. of James, s.of William, in Hillock- 
head, 441. 
George, brother to John, messenger in 

Aberdeen, 31, 37 nole. 
George, s. ol Joliii, guldsniilh In Cullen, 

.34 '■ 
George, s. of Patrick (second) Town Clerk 

of Elgin, 4<.3. 
George, s. of John, s. of Peter of Mather 

Cluny, 430. 
George, Dr., s. of Major Robert of Ladyliill, 

George, s. of ' Tiger,' 478, 483, 486, 487. 
George, Hon., s. of William, Lord Braco, 

144, 152, 157, 163, 164, 199-200, 4.50. 
George, s. of WiUiam, in Keith, 590. 
George (not traced), 357 note. 
George Alexander, s. of George Smyttan, 

George Edward, 406. 
George Gordon, 324. 
George Graham, 210, 322-3. 
George Graham Kayll, 323. 
George M., of the Education Department, 

Kingstown, Jamaica, 588. 
George Norwich, 271. 

George Skene, Hon., 210, 217, 221 ct scq. 
George Skene, s. of James, Bruiityards, 

George Smyttan, 502. 
George William, 32 ). 



George William, father of H. A. Duff, 5S7. 
Georgina Annie Clialmers, 44O. 
Georgina Grace Abercromby, 4S3. 
Georgina Helen, 261, 267 note. 
Georgina Huntly (Mrs. Darwin), owner of 

Muirtown, 413. 
Georgina Lucy, 105, 211,, 271. 
Gcraldine, 322. 
Ger.ddiuc KosanuiiKl, .|(pi. 
C.crlrude, .549. 

Gilbert of Inverness, Burgh Clerk, 580. 
Gillmicliael (Gillemichacl Macduf)" fourth 

Earl of Fife, 7 



Glndys, 322. 
Cordon Uniiid, .] )H. 
Grace, d. of Mivjor Coorgc I )ull, .(Si. 
Grace, d. of Uobcrt, niiiiiblcr of King 

Edward, 53S. 
Granville John Berncy, 531. 
Guy, Dr., of Chicago, 552. 
Guy Leith Assheton, 254, 258. 
Gwendolen Marv, 551. 
H. A., Blackheath, 586. 
Harriet, 447. 
Harriet Wilhelmina, 446. 
Harry. Refer to Henry. 
Hatton, 590. 

Hatton, Bruntyard.s family, 5S9. 
Heather Mary Abercromby, 320. 
Hector, 592. 

Helen of WhitehUl, m. John Duff of 
Drumblair, 237, 2S8, 290-5. 
Town house in Banff, 246, 247 note. 
Helen, d. of Adam of Clunybeg, 48. 
Helen, d. of Adam (second) of Drummuir, 

345, 34f>. 353, 37^, 374- 
Helen, d. of Alexander of Braco, 69, 

Helen, d. of Alexander of Hatton, 232 and 

note, 233. 
Helen, d. of Alexander (third) of Hatton, 

212, 246, 248. 
Helen, d. of Arcliibald Hay Gordon, 406. 
Helen, d. of Dr. George, 461. 
Helen, d. of James of Banff, 213, 241, 242 

et seq. 
Helen, d. of James of Craigston, 298. 
Helen, d. of James of Cronibie, 417. 
Helen, d. of James of Dundee, 433. 
Helen, d. of Colonel James of Knockleith, 

255, 256- 
Helen, d. of James, in New Noth, 431. 
Helen, d. of John (Provost Duff, junior), 

Helen, d. of Garden of Hatton, 212, 251. 
Helen, d. of Clardcn Llanoc, 255. 
Helen, d. of John of Ciilbin, 391. 
Helen (two) ds. of John, Provost of Elgin, 

Helen, d. of Lachlan, W.S., 403. 
Helen, d. of Patrick (' Little Clerk Duff'), 

Helen, d. of Patrick of Craigston, 297. 
Helen, d. of Patrick (second) Town Clerk 

of Elgin, 463. 
Helen, d. of Robert, baillie of Elgin, 457. 
Helen, d. of I^obcrt, minister of King 

Edward, ^^V,. 
Helen, d. of Kobcrt William of Fetteresso, 

Helen, d. of WiUiam of Dippic, 87, 88, 91, 

Helen, Lady, d. of William, Lord Braco, 
152, 157, 162, 202, 313 d St?. 

Duff — continued. 

Helen, d. of William, minister of Fovoran 

Helen, d. of William, minister of King 

iCdward and Hothiemay, 537 
Helen, m. Patrick Barclay, 582. 
Helen, reUct of John Duff of Dunkeld, 
petition on behalf of her ' helpless 
familie,' 586. 
Helen, m. W. Walker, 590. 
Helen Abercromby, 326. 
Helen Dorothy, 272. 
Helen Douglas, 25O. 
Helen Elizabeth, 406. 
Helen Sophia, 2r2, 271. 
Hendret (Henrietta), d. of Alexander of 

Drummuir, 369. 
Henrietta, d. of James of Dundee, 433. 
Henrietta, d. of John, minister of Kinfauns, 

Henrietta, d. of Thomas of Richmond, 

Surrey, 549. 
Henrietta, d. of William of Dipple, 88, 

90, 96 and note, 103. 
Henrietta Anne, poetcs.s and novelist, 271. 
Harry, barrister, etc., 401. 
Harry Edwin Dornton, 589. 
Harry William Sydney Hayter, 446 note. 
Hary (Henry), s. of Alexander of Elgin, 

442, 444. 
Harry, s. of Daniel of Durban, 547. 
Harry, natural s. to Robert, younger of 

Drummuir, 374, 582. 
Henry, brother of Alexander of Elgin, 442. 
Henry, s. of Colonel Thomas, U.S.A., 593. 
Henry Assheton, 254. 
Hester Laura Elizabeth, 256. 
Hilda, 323. 

Hugh, farmer, Edderton, 592. 
Hugh, minister of Fearn, Koss-shire, 532. 
Hugh or Hugo, second son of Gillmichael, 

fourth liarl of Fife, ancestor of Earl 

of Wemyss, 7. 
Hugh, s. of William of Crombic, merchant 

in India, 4 18. 
Hugh ivoiiiiur, Major, of Muirtown, 408, 

410 et seq. 
Arms, 571. 
Hugh Robert, s. of Major H. R. Duff, 413. 
Huntly George Gordon, 211, .(13. 
Ida, 323. 

Id.\ Louisa Alice, Lady, 220. 
Innes, 435. 
Irene, 323. 

Isabel, Countess of Buchan, 2, 4, 10, 11. 
Isabella, d. of Lieutenant Alexander, 430. 
Isabel, d. of Duncan, last Earl of Fife, 

n, 12. 
Isabel, d. of George (seventh) of Muldavit, 

Isabella, d. of James of Banff, 242. 
Isabella, d. of James, W. S., Jamaica, 588 



iT — continued. 

sahol, (1. of Jolin of Howiiialicllach, 331. 

sabi;lf;i, (1. of Joliii, OiiAitciiiu'isfor- 

Sergcant, 592. 
sabcUa, d. of Jolin Rutlicrford, 447. 
sabcUa, d. of William, minister of Fovcran, 

SABEL, d. of William of Dipple, 87, 92. 
sabell (Isobel), d. of Provost William, 355, 

361. 372, 373- 
sabel Abercromby, 326. 
sabella Jane, d. of James, Brimtyards, 

ames, churchwarden of St. Botolph's, 

Aldgate, 587. 
AMES of Bade, 342, 452 cl seq. 
AMES of Bade and Cairnwhelp, s. of 

James of Bade, 454 et seq, 
AMES of Banff, 139, 232, 239 et seq., 260, 

261, 584. 
ames, musician, d. in Banff, Canada, 551. 
ames of Beaufront, 12S, 588. 
ames, Lieutenant of nth Regiment of 

Foot, court-martial at Bilboa, 591. 
ames, Bruntyards, King Edward, 589. 
AMES of Cadiz (afterwards Sir James), 418, 

420 et seq. 
Arms, 572. 
ames of Cawnpore, 291. 
AMES of Corsmdae, factor to Lord Braco, 

112, 113, 331-2, 355, 361, 367, 390. 
AMES of Crombie, 59 note, 355, 359, 361, 

414 et seq. 
ames, in CuUon, s. of ' Mr.' John Duff, 19 

and note, 20 7tote. 
ames, baillic of CuUcn, s. of John (ninth) 

of MuKlavit, 21, 22 note, 24. 
ames, in Dahnarnock, 584. 
ames, Dufftown, 430. 
ames, vicar of Durris, 532. 
AMES, second Earl Fife, 138, 141, 165, 

168 et seq., 223 note, 276-7, 479, 499, 

Antiquity of family, desire to prove, 

Anns, 568. 

Assistance to relatives and connec- 
tions, finding employment for young 

relatives, etc., 147, 148, 238-44, 260, 

274, 288-90, 313, 333 note, 396, 419, 

428, 429, 434, 535, 536, 556. 
English Peerage conferred on, 179. 
Memorandum on state of family, 450. 
Natural children, 180 note, 506. 
Will in favour of Sir James Duff of 

Kinstair, trust deed, and accompany- 
ing letter, 207, 515. 
Political power, 159, 171, 172 and note, 

James, fourth Earl Fife, 179, 183, 193-5, 

203, 204 et seq. 
Deed of entail, 210-4. 
VOL. II. 2 

DulT — continued. 

Dismissal from post at Court, 'The Dis- 

cii.irged (■"ifcr,' 20(1-7. 
James Duff of Cadiz, entertainment by, 

Peer of Great Britain, 207. 

' Poor man's friend,' ' the good Earl 

James,' 208 and note, 209, 241. 
Soliciting promotion for relatives, 404. 
James, fifth Earl Fife, 183, 210, 217, 220 

et seq., 405, 499. 
Peer of United Kingdom under title of 

Baron Skene, 221. 
James of Findowie, Captain in Prince 

Charles Edward's army, 546. 
James, farmer, Greenock, 588. 
James, in HiUockhead, 437, 438. 
James, farmer in Illinois, 552. 
James of Inverness, 580. 
James of Inverness, clerk, 580. 
James, W.S., Jamaica, 58S. 
James, in Kaincs of Blacktoune, King 

Edward, 37 note. 
James, parson of Kinoir, 340, 532. 
James of Kinstair, General, Kt., 171, 172 

note, 207, 2i5 note, 219, 506 et seq., 

James of Madeira, 470, 474, 478 note, 484, 

Anns, 57O. 
James, in Mains of Ardbrack (unidentified), 

75 note. 
James, minister of Methil, Fife, 542. 
James, in Mill of Auchindachy, 440. 
James, in Milntosvn of Balvenie, 60. 
James, in Nethertown of Glass, 440. 
James, in New Noth, 430, 431. 
James of Roy Stewart's regiment, 5S4. 
James, boatman at Scilly, 583. 
James, at Shrewsbury School, 586. 
James of Torphies (presumably James, jun. 

of Hatton), 585. 
Jamics, ' Mr.,' of Torriesoul and Bade 

(Patruelis to Adam (first) of Drum- 

James, s. of Adam of Clunybeg, 46, 47. 
James, s. of Adrian, U.S.A., 593. 
James (two) sons of Alexander, Botriphnie, 

James, s. of Alexander of Drumrauir, 368. 
James, s. of Alexander of Elgin, 442, 444. 
James, s. of Daniel, farmer in Illinois, 552. 
James, Colonel, of Knockleith, s. of Garden 

of Ilatton, 210, 251, 255. 
James, s. of Hon. George Duff and Frances 

Dalzell, fatuous from birth, 144 et seq., 

James, s. of George Duff and Margaret 

Stables, 591. 
James, s. of James, Bruntyards, 589. 
James, s. of Sir James of Kinstair, 516, 527 

et seq. 



Duff — coHtinucd. 

James, s. of James, in New Notli, .131. 

i:a, Cciloiicl, s. of James, s. of Sir James 

of Kiiisl.iir, lyz. ^1^, 530. 
ics, s. of James Dulf ami Anne Walson, 


les, s. of James, s. of William, in Hillock- 
head, 441. 

James, s. of John of Culbin, 391 and note. 
James, s. of John of Drumblair, 237. 
James, s. of John, Provost of Elgin, 283 

and note, 285. 
James, s. of John, last of Muldavit, 25. 
James, s. of Lachlan, W.S., 403. 
James, s. of Quartermaster-Sergeant John 

Duit, 591. 
James of Dundee, s. of Robert, in Hillock- 
head, 433 et seq. 
les, s. of Robert, minister of King 

Edward (lost in wreck of Duchess of 

Gordon), 53S. 
James, s. of Patrick of Craigston, 2S7 note, 

297, 298. 
James, s. of Peter of Mather Cluny, 426, 

428, 429. 
James, s. of Thomas of Findowie, 547. 
James, s. of William of Corsindae, 333. 
James, s. of Thomas, burgess of Forres, 

James, s. of WiUiam, minister of Grange, 

James (two) sons of William of Whitehill, 

287 and note. 
James, s. of William, s. of George, in Hillock- 
head, 440. 
James, s. of William Duff and Margaret 

Christie, 591. 
James, Portsoy (unidentified), 105. 
Jamie or ' Baillie ' Duff, 587. 
James, gardener at Auchnahagh, 542. 
James Adam Gordon, 489. 
James Alexander, 315, 319. 
James, s. of Colonel James of Knockleith, 

James Erskinc, Pictermaritzburg, 590. 

cs Fitzjames, 256. 

■ s GouDON, wine merchant, 488-90. 
James McEan, 358 7iolc. 
James Murray, Aberdeen, 589. 
- 's Smith, 540, 542. 
James William, 242, 244, 245. 
Jane, Lesbury, County Durham, 588 note. 
n, d. of Adam of CUmybcg, 48. 
n, d. of Adam of Drummuir, 343, 532. 

E, Lady, d. of Alexander, third Earl 

Fife, 193-8, 211, 528. 
Jane, d. of Alexander of Hatton, 232 and 

note, 274 ct seq. 
Jean, d. of Alexander (second) of Hatton, 

233, 234- 
n, d. of Alexander of Keithmorc, 57, 


Duff — continncd. 
,cl. of Alex 


town of Glass, 

d. of Alexander, minister of Mony- 

iiiisk, 539. 
Jane, d. of Alexander (first) of Torriesoul, 

Jane, d. of Gumming, in Parkhaugh of 

Glass, 440. 
Jane, d. of Dr. Daniel, 446. 
Jane, d. of George, in HiUockhead, 440. 
Jeanie, d. of George, in HiUockhead and 

Towiemore, 441. 
Jean, d. of Hon. George Duff and Frances 

Dalzell, 450. 
nie, d. of George Duff and Margaret 

Stables, 590. 
Jane, d. of James of Bade and Cairnwhelp, 

Jean, d. of James of Dundee, 433, 435. 
Jean, natural d. of James, second Earl 

Fife, 148, 506, 524 et seq. 
Jean, d. of James, in New Noth, 431. 
Jean, d. of John of Drumblair, 237, 238. 
Jean, d. of John (Provost Duff, junior), 

Jane, d. of Patrick of Craigston, 295, 297. 
Jean, granddaughter of Peter of Mather 

Cluny, 430. 
[ane (Jean), d. of Admiral Robert, 298, 

315, sif*. 319- 

Jane, d. of Robert William of Fetteresso, 

Jane, d. of Colonel Thomas, U.S.A., 593. 
Jane, d. of Thomas Abercromby, 323. 

E, Lady, d. of William, Lord Braco, 

142 and note, 143. 
Jean, d. of WiUiam of Dipple, 87. 

N, d. of Provost William of Inverness, 

355, 3<5i- 
Jean, d. of William, minister of Iving 

Edward and Rothieraay, 537. 
Jean, d. of William of Muirtown, 409. 
:an, d. of William of Whitehill, 287. 
Jane Agnes, 483. 
Jane Anne Gibbon, 5S7. 

Clerk, 323. 
Jane Dorothea, 149. 
Jane Dorothea Stratton, 413. 

Forsyth, 447, 44S. 
Jane Grace, 551. 
Jane Louisa, 251, 255. 
ane Minnie, 406. 
Jane Simpson, 540. 
Jane Stewart, 4S8-90. 
Janet, d. of Alexander, Botriphnie, 590. 
[anet, d. of Alexander of Dnimnniir, 368. 
Janet, d. of Alexander of Elgin, .142, 444. 
Jessie (Janet), d. of Garden William, 254, 

Janet, d. of Major George, 483. 
Janet, d. of James of Crombie, 417. 



Duff — rontimtcd. 

J;incl, (I. of Jolin, Inst o( Miililavil, 25, 26, 

2y, .?"• 
Janet, cl. of Kobcrt, niinislcr of King 

Edward, 538. 
Jessie, d. of Thomas of Richmond, Surrey, 

Janet (Jessie), Hon., d. of William, Lord 

Braco, 99, 112, 120, 123 and note, 124, 

130, 157. 554- 
'45, sufferings after, life in exile, etc., 99, 

132, 134 et seq. 
Janet, d. of William of Crombie, 419. 
Janet, d. of William of Dipple, 87, 90, 96, 

98, 99, 100. 
Jessie, d. of William, in part of Hillockhead, 

Janet, d. of Garden of Hatton, 212, 251. 
Janet, m. Adam Bennett, seaman, 356. 
Janet, m. James Reid, 590. 
Janet (Mrs. Thompson), 592. 
Janet Douglas, 256. 
Jessie Margaret, 255, 256. 
Janet Menzies, poetess, 548. 
Janet Monson, 5S9. 
Jean. See Jane. 
Jekyll Chalmers, 226, 446, 447. 
Jekyll George John, 447. 
Jemima, d. of Captain George, 261. 
Jemima Clerk, 324. 
Jessie. See Janet. 
Joan, 417. 
Joan Elsie, 325. 
Joanna Lucy, 406. 
Joannes, 582. 
John, burgess of Aberdeen, s. of James in 

CuUen, 19, 27 note. 
John, merchant, burgess in Aberdeen, ra. 

Margaret Johnstone, 27. 
John, messenger in Aberdeen, d. at 

Rotterdam. See John of Rotterdam. 
John, messenger in Aberdeen [not of 

Rotterdam), m. Anna Innes, 37. 
John, Rev., the Deanery, Athlone, 581. 
John, ' Sovereign of Belfast,' 581. 
]ohn, baxter in Banff, 584. 
jolin of Bogliole, 19, 22 note, 24, 26. 
John of Bowmakellach, 47, 328 ct scq., 

337, 338. 
Arms, 566. 
John of Burnend, s. of James of Bade, 455. 
John of Castlcfield, s. of ' Sir' George, 17 

and note. 
John of Culbin, 368, 372, 373, 380, 381, 

389 et Si-c/. 
John, goldsmith in Cullen, 342. 
John of Drumblair, 232, 237 ct seq., 288, 

290, 293. 
John of Drummuir, s. of Alexander of 

Davidston, 393 el seq., 409. 
Arms, 570. 
John, executed at Dublin, 585. 


of Daniel of Logi 

John of Dundee, ' youngest and last sur- 
viving son of Major Duff of Dundee," 

435 note. 
John, Provost of Elgin, ' Provost Duff the 

Elder,' 281, 282 and note, 287, 390. 
John, Provost of Elgin, ' Provost Duff, 

Junior,' 282 note, 457, 458. 
John, in Glenalbert, concerned in '45, 584. 
John, I.S.O., British Consul in Gothenburg, 

John, minister of Grange, 537, 539. 
John, farmer in Illinois, 552. 
John, minister of Kinfaiins, 542. 
John, in Ballinluig, labourer, of Roy 

Stewart's regiment, 584. 
John of St. Mary's, London, master and 

owner of the Afigel of London, 5S3. 
John, inscription in churchyard of Mains, 

Angus, 585. 
John, in Mains of Tipperty, 590. 
John, tenant in Mill of Dclgaty, 37 note. 
John (second) of Muldavit, 14. 
John (third) of Muldavit, 14, 15. 
John (fourth) of Muldavit, burgess of 

Cullen, 15 and note. 
John (sixth) of Muldavit, baillie of Cullen, 

16, 17 and note. 
John, ' Mr.' (eighth) of Muldavit, 18, 20, 

21, 29. 
John (ninth) of MuKlaWt, ' of Craighead,' 

20 ct scq., 29. 
John (tenth) of Muldavit, ' of the 

Orchard," 20, 21 ct scq., 29, 38, 42. 
John, last of Muldavit line. See John of 

John Duff or Macduff (Ferguson of 

Findowie), hanged at Perth, 545. 
John of Pitchaish, 460, 466 ct scq. 
John of Rotterdam, ' Armiger,' messenger 

in Aberdeen, 25, 26 et seq., 30 note, 

31 and note, 30, 39, 369. 
John, Quartermaster-Sergeant of the 71st 

Foot, 591. 
John, shoemaker, John, eordincr in College 

Bounds, 37 note. 
John, s. of Adam of Edindiach and Drura- 

bulg, 45C. 
John, s. of Alexander, Botriphnie, 590. 
John, s. of Alexander of Elgin, 442, 444. 
John, s. of Archibald Hay Gordon, 40(5. 
Jolin, s. of Daniel of Durban, 547. 
John, s. of Garden of Hatton, 251. 
John, s. of C">eorge, in Hillockhead, 440. 
John, Surgeon-major, R.A., s. of Hugh, 

farmer, Edderlon, 592. 
John, s. of James of Banff, 242, 245 
John, s. of James of Corsindae, 331. 
John, s. of James of Dundee, 433, 435. 



Duff — continued. 

John, H. of Colonel James of Knoclilcitli, 

■255, i:,h. . 
John, H. of Jimies, W.S., Jamaicu, 588. 
Jolin, s. of James Gordon, 489. 
John, s. of John of Bowmakcllach, 331. 
Jolm (two) sons of Jolin of Driimblair, 237. 
John, s. of John of Culbin, 391. 
John, s. of John, goUlsmith in Cullen, 342. 
John (two) sons of John, Provost of Elgin, 

283 and note. 
John, Colonel, s. of John of Pitchaish, 474, 

485, 486, 489. 
Arms, 575. 
John, s. of Peter of Mather Cluny, 426, 

John, s. of Robert, in Hillockhead, 432, 433. 
John, s. of Major Robert of Ladyhill, 460. 
John, s. of Robert, minister of Kildrummy 

and Aberlour, 535. 
John, s. of Robert, in New Noth, 431. 
John, s. of Thomas of Durban, 547. 
John, s. of Thomas, burgess of Forres, 580. 
John, s. of Wdliam of Findowie, 548. 
John, s. of William, freeman of the city, 

John, s. of William, minister of Grange, 540. 
John, s. of William of Muirtown, 409. 
John, s. of WilUam of Whitehill, 287 and 

John, m. Margaret Latimer, 540. 
John Alexander, manufacturing tailor, 

London, 552. 
John Charles, 324. 
John Edward, 447. 
John Morell Mackenzie, 551. 
John Rutherford, wharfinger, 447, 448. 
John Wight, of the Armstrong College, 

Newcastle-on-Tyne, 588. 
John and Mary Duff, shipmaster of the, 583. 
Joseph, s. of Archibald, D.D., 551. 
Joseph, Darmstadt, 324. 
Catherine, d. of Sir Alexander of Delgaty, 

Catherine, d. of Archibald, dancing-master, 



of Corsindae, 336. 
Katherine, d. of Adam (second) of Drum- 

muir, m. Alexander of Inverness, 345-7, 

350, 352, 354 357 ""/c, 362, 366, 372, 

373 et seq., 408, 475 note. 
Arms on funeral escutcheon, 379, 570. 
'45, hostess of Prince Charles and of 

Cumberland, 377. 
Katherine, d. of Alexander of Drummuir, 

3(>S, 373, 390. 
Catherine, d. of James of Banff, 242, 245. 
Katherine, d. of Colonel James of Knock- 

leith, 255, 256. 
Katherine, d. of James, W.S., Jamaica, 588. 
Katherine, d. of John of Culbin, 391. 

Duff — continued. 
KalhcTiue, d. 





d. of John of Dmnililair, 237, 

I. of Major Robert of Ladyhill, 

I. of WiUiam, Lord 
IS7, 158- 
d. of WilUam (second) of 

Corsindae, 333. 
Catherine, d. of WiUiam of Dipple, 231 and 

Katherine, d. of Provost WiUiam of Inver- 
ness, 355, 361, 372, 374- 
Katherine (two) ds. of William of Muir- 
town, 409. 
Catherine Basiha, 531. 
Catherine Elizabeth Mary (Stewart), 336. 
Catherine Elizabeth Stanley, 448, 449. 
Katherine Emma, 549. 
Catherine Hamilton, 551. 
Catherine Lydia, 448. 
Katherine Theodora, 406. 
Kathleen, 256. 
Kathleen Harriette, 447. 
Kenneth, 549. 
Kenneth, s. of David, 358. 
Lachlan, s. of Alexander, Botriphnie, 590. 
Lachlan, s. of Alexander of Drummuir, 369. 
Lachlan, W.S., s. of John of Culbin, 267, 

391, 393, 396, 397, 400 et scq. 
Lachlan, s. of Thomas Duff-Gordon, 211, 

Lachlan Gordon, Major, of Park, 211, 

399, 404, 405- 
Lewis or Ludovic, Hon., of Blervie, 124, 

141, 142, 152 et seq., 165, 192, 199, 450, 

473, 500- 
Lewis Alexander, schoolmaster of Mony- 

musk, 540. 
Lihan Amy, 531. 
Louisa, d. of Benjamin, 2H. 
Louisa Henrietta, d. of Garden William, 

Louisa, d. of George Smyttan, 592. 
Louisa, d. of James, W.S., Jamaica, 588. 
Louisa, d. of Sir James of Kinstair, 516, 

Louisa, d. of James, s. of Sir James of 

Kinstair, 528. 
Louisa Ahce, 254. 
Louisa Clementina, 212, 251. 
Louisa Jessie Eliza, 271. 
Louisa Octavia, died of the chincough, 413. 
Louisa Tollemache, 211, 217. 
Lucy, 551. 

Ludovick, s. of WiUiam of Dipple, 87. 
Ludovic James, 255. 
Mabel, 255, 256. 
Macduff (Duncan), brother of Colban, 

ninth Earl of Fife, 8 and note. 
McDuff, first Thane of Fife, 2. 
Macduff, eighth Thane of Fife, 2 et seq. 



Duff — continued. 

Macliabciis, i\ note, 579. 

Mamhilcii, <1. ol Aluxaii.Ior of Drumimiir, 

MAGDALnN, d. of William of Corsindae, 333, 

Magd ALINE (Magdalen), d. of Provost 

William of Inverness, 331, 355, 359, 

Magdalen, d. of William of Muirtown, 

393 and notes, 409. 
Maggie, d. of Alexander in Glass, 440. 
Maggie, d. of Gumming in Glass, 440. 
Maggie, d. of George Duff and Margaret 

Stables, 591. 
Maggie, d. of James Duff and Anne Watson, 

Maggie, m. James Duff, 441. 
Malcolm, sixth Thane of Fife, 2 note. 
Malcolm, seventh Earl of Fife, 8. 
Malcolm, eighth Earl of Fife, 8. 
Margaret, adulteress, 581. 
Margaret, d. of Adam of Clunybeg, 46, 48. 
Margaret, d. of Adam of Drummuir, 343. 
Margaret, d. of Alexander, Botriphnie, 590. 
Margaret, d. of Alexander of Braco, 36, 69, 

491, 492- 
Margaret, d. of Alexander of Elgin, 442, 

Margaret, d. of Alexander (first) of Hatton, 

Margaret, d. of Alexander (third) of 

Hatton, 246. 
Margaret, d. of Alexander of Keithmore, 57. 
Margaret, d. of Alexander (second) of 

Torricsoul, 341. 
Margaret, d. of Alexander (third) of 

Torriesoul, 342. 
Margaret, d. of Dr. Daniel, 446. 
Margaret, d. of Daniel of Logiealmond, 548. 
Margaret, d. of George, in Hillockhead, 440. 
Margaret, d. of George Duff and Rachel 

Gordon, 430. 
Margaret, d. of James of Bade and Cairn- 
whelp, 455. 
Margaret, d. of James of Corsindae, 331, 

332, 334- 
Margaret, d. of James of Crorabie, 417, 

Margaret, d .of James of Dundee, 433, 436. 
Margaret, d. of James, W.S., Jamaica, 5S8. 
Margaret, d. of James, in New Noth, 431. 
Margaret, d. of John of Bowmakellach, 331. 
Margaret, d. of John, land surveyor in 

Dundee, 435. 
Margaret, d. of John, Provost of Elgin, 283. 
Margaret, d. of John, Provost of Elgin 

(Provost Duff, Junior), 458. 
Margaret, d. of John, minister of Kinfauns, 

Margaret, d. of ' Mr.' John of Muldavit, 

20, 415- 

Duff — cojitinucd. 

Matg.uct, d. uf John (ninth) of Muldavit, 21. 
Maig.iRl.d.or Juh.K.l I', 474,4^9. 
Margaret, d. of John Kulhcrlonl, 447. 
Margaret, d. of Patrick of Ballintomb, 466. 
Margaret, d. of Patrick, Provost of ]3aiilf, 

288, 290. 
Margaret, ' Miss Peggy,' d. of Patrick of 

Craigston, 297. 
Margaret, d. of Patrick (second) Town 

Clerk of Elgin, 463. 
Margaret, d. of Peter of Mather Cluny, 426, 

Margaret, d. of Robert, minister of Kil- 

drummy and Aberlour, 535. 
Margaret, d. of Robert, s. of James of 

Dundee, 435. 
Margaret, d. of William of Braco, 76, 80 

et seq., 296 and note, 318. 
Margaret, Lady, d. of William, Lord 

Braco, 164 et seq. 
Margaret, d. of William (second) of 

Corsindae, 333, 334. 
Margaret, d. of William, minister of Glen- 
bucket, 537. 
Margaret, d. of William, minister of Grange, 

Margaret, d. of Provost William of Inver- 
ness, 359, 361. 
Margaret, d. of WiUiam (first) of Nicholas 

Lane, London, 448. 
Margaret, d. of William of Whitehill, 287. 
Margaret, d. of WiUiam Duff and Margaret 

Christie, 590. 
Margaret Elizabeth, 551. 
Margaret Helen, 324. 
Margaret Janet, 549. 
Margaret Mary, 406. 
Margaret Miln, 494. 
Margaret Noble, 552. 
Margaret Sinclair, 478 note, 484, 487. 
Marguerite Jessie, 447. 
Maria, 489. 
Maria Garden, 483. 
Maria Hare, 587. 
Marianne, 462. 
Marie Albertine, 321, 322. 
Marie Madeleine, 322, 501. 
Marjory, 461. 
Marjory Kate, 449. 
Martha Ellen, 549. 
Mary, d. of Adam of Drummuir, 345, 346, 

352. 353. 3<'7, 374, 501. 
Mary, d. of Alexander of Braco, C9, 499, 

500, 501. 
Mary, d. of Alexander of Davidston, 393, 

409, 501. 
Mary, d. of Alexander of Drummuir, 368, 

Mary, Lady, d. of Alexander, third Earl, 

Mary, d. of Alexander, in Glass, 440. 



Duff — continued. 

Mary, liil of Mary DiifTs, sot. 

Makv, (I. of Mi'xiiM,!,'!- (iliii.l) of Million 

(Hyiou's Mary), ^12, 246-8, 501. 
Mary, d. of Alexander of Kcitlimorc, 57, 

106, 107, 390, 501. 
Blary, d. of Alexander of ^Iuirto^yn, 410, 

Mary, d. of Alexander (third) of Torriesoul, 

Mary, d. of Archibald, dancing-master, 501, 

Mary, d. of Gumming, in Glass, 440. 
Mary, d. of Frederick William, Gotlicnburg, 

Mary, d. of Garden of Hatton, 252, 501. 
Mary, d. of Dr. George of Elgin, 461, 501. 
Mary, d. of James of Banff, 242, 244, 501. 
Mary, d. of James, Bruntyards, 589. 
Mary, d. of James of Craigston, 298, 501. 
Mary, d. of James of Crombie, 417, 501. 
Mary, d. of James, s. of William, minister 

of Grange, 542. 
Mary, d. of James, wine merchant, 488, 501. 
Mary, d. of Colonel John, 4S9, 501. 
Mary, d. of Lachlan Gordon (afterwards 

Duff), 406. 
Mary, d. of Patrick of Craigston, 297, 501. 
Mary, d. of Patrick Dufi and Penelope 

Gordon, 483, 501. 
Mary, d. of Robert, minister of Aberlour, 

Mary, d. of Robert of British Guiana, 427, 

Mary, d. of Colonel Robert William, 324, 

Mary (Maria), d. of ' Tiger,' 478 note, 

484, 487, 490. 
Mary, d. of William of Dipple, 87, 501. 
Mary, d. of William of Dipple, 34 and note, 

88, 90, lOI et scq., 501. 
Mary, d. of William, minister of Glen- 

buckct, 501, 537. 
Mary, d. of Provost William of Inverness, 

355, 359,361, 501- 
Mary, d. of William of Muirtown, 409, 501. 
Mary Ada, 2S0, 501. 
Mary Ann, d. of James, Bruntyards, 501, 

Mary Ann, d. of John, Quartermaster- 
Sergeant, 592. 
Mary Anne, d. of James Gordon, 4S9, 501. 
Mary Anne, d. of Patrick (second) Town 

Clerk of Elgin, 463, 501. 
Mary Anne Fotheringham, 261, 501. 
Mary Clementina, 255, 256, 501. 
Mary Elizabeth, 254. 
Mary Geraldine, 256. 
Mary Hamilton, 221, 501. 
Mary Keith, 501, 540. 
Mary Louisa, 413, 501. 
Mary Margaret, 549. 


Mary Mai Ilia, r,nT, S41) 

Mary M,- 

Mary Slniisoii, 5.10. 

Matilda, 446, 450 note. 

Maud Alexandra Victoria Georgina 

Bertha, H.H. Princess, 225. 
Max Hamilton, 552. 
Mildred Blanche, 531. 
Morell M'Dunnough, C.P.Rly., Montreal, 

Mungo of Inverness, 580. 
Nancy, d. of Peter or Patrick Duff, 291. 
Nicholas, s. of Thomas, burgess of Forres, 

Nicholas or Nicol, Town Clerk of Forres, 

20, 580. 
Nicholas, s. of ' Mr.' John, 20. 
Nina, d. of Folliot, 280. 
Nora Beatrice Gordon, 325. 
Norwich, Admiral, 210, 261, 265, 266, 268 

ct seq. 
Arms, 268, 572. 
Patience Huddart (formerly Stewart), 336. 
Patrick of Ballintomb, 456, 466 et seq. 
Peter of Braco, West Kirby, Cheshire, 552. 
Patrick of Craigston, 57, 227 et seq., 34C, 

546, 582. 
Younger children, 281 et seq. 
Patrick of Darbruich, \6note, 18 and note, 

19, 21, 24, 42 note. 
Patrick, ' Little Clerk Duff ' of Elgin, 457, 

462, 585- 
Patrick, Town Clerk of Elgin (second), 

462, 463 et seq. 
Patrick, Town Clerk of Elgin (third), 463, 

Patrick, minister of (i) Glenbucket, (2) Old 

Machar, 535. 
Peter, workman engaged to go to Gothen- 
burg, 5S3. 
Patrick of Hatton, 237-9, 248-9, 293 note. 
Patrick, B., s. of Garden Alexander of 

Hatton, 252. 
Patrick, Irishman, 580. 
Peter, wholesale draper, London, 552. 
Peter of Mather Cluny, 98 and note, 426, 

Peter in Midtown of Bellyhack, 440. 
Peter, merchant in Perth, 542. 
Patrick or Peter of Premnay, 75, 76 

et seq., 90, 284, 285, 295 et seq., 300, 

301, 303, 305, 3of', 310- 
Patrick, General, ' Tiger,' 179 note, 290, 

292 and note, 471 and note, 474 et seq., 

488, 490 note. 
Patrick of Whitehill, Provost of Banff, 286, 

287 et seq., 295. 
' Petter.' See Patrick, Captain, s. of 

Patrick of Whitehill. 
Patrick or Peter, s. of Adam of Clunybeg, 




Duff — continued. 

Patrick, s. of Alexander of Hatton, 232. 
Patrick, s. of Daniel of Logicalmond, 548. 
Patrick or Peter, s. of John, Provost (the 

Elder) of Elgin, 282, 2S3. 
Patrick of Darbruich, s. of ' Mr.' John of 

Muldavit, 19, 41, 43. 
Peter, surgeon, s. of Peter of Mather Cluny, 

426, 430. 
Patrick or Peter, Captain, ' Petter,' s. of 

Patrick of Whitehill, 239, 2SS, 290 ct 

set/., 471 and note. 
Patrick, s. of Patrick Duff and Penelope 

Gordon, 4S3. 
Peter, s. of Robert Duff and EUzabcth 

Gordon, 430. 
Patrick, s. of ' Tiger,' 478, 481, 482, 486, 

Patrick, Hon., s. of William, Lord Braco, 

157, 450. 
Peter, s. of WiUiam, in part of HiUockhead, 

Patrick, s. of William, minister of King 

Edward and Rothiemay, 537. 
Patrick Abercromby, Lieutenant, 326. 
Patrick Ludovic, 250. 
Phoebe, 587. 
Primrose, 444. 

K. M., Norland ffouse, Montrose, 552. 
Rachel, d. of George Duff and Rachel 

Gordon, 430. 
Rachel, d. of Lachlan, W.S., 403. 
Rachel, d. of Peter of Mather Cluny, 426, 

Randall Thomas, 406. 
Richard of Islington, Canon of Smithfield, 

Richard, s. of Frederick William in Sweden, 

Robert, minister of Abcrlour, 432, 433, 535. 
Robert, buried at Banff, 591. 
Robert of Berbice, 430, 5.12. 
Robert, Earl of Eifcand Duke of Albany, 11. 

Arms, 564 note. 
Rouert, younger of Drummuir, 368, 369, 

372, 37'J. 380, 381, 390, 40I- " 
RoiiiiRT, bailHc of I'lgin, 4.56, 457. 
Koljcrt (third) of Eettercbho, 210, 321. 
Robert, painter, Glasgow, concerned in 

the '45,584- 
Robert, in Hillockhead, 426, 432. 
Robert, farmer in Illinois, 552. 
Robert, nicrcliaiit in Java, .161. 
Holjcrt, slock - dealer of Kindalachan, 

Perthshire, 552. 
Robert, minister of King Edward, 537, 

Robert of Ladyhill, Major, 458, 460. 
Robert of Logic and Fettercsso, Admiral, 

102, 157, 229, 249, 260, 285, 291, 292, 

296, 297, 307, 309 cC scq. 
Arms, 313, 571. 

Duff — continued. 

Robert, in New Noth, 431. 

Robert, ancestor of Duffs of Prince Edward 

Island, 552. 
Robert, minister, applying for living of 

Rhynie, 539. 
Robert of Robieston, 455. 
Robert, in Wester Kinnaird, Atholl vassal 

in the '45, 584. 
Robert, Sabbath-breaker, 582. 
Robert ' the Gallant,' s. of Adam of 


343. 344. 345- 

Robert, s. of Dr. George of Elgin, 461. 
Robert (two) sons of James, Bruntyards, 

Robert, Captain, s. of James of Dundee, 

433, 435- 
Robert, brother to John, messenger in 

Aberdeen, 31. 
Robert, s. of John of Drumblair, 210, 237, 

Robert, wine merchant, s. of John of 

Pitchaish, 474, 490. 
Robert, s. of Patrick (' Little Clerk Duff '), 

Robert, s. of Peter of Mather Cluny, 426, 

Robert, s. of Robert, baillie of Elgin, 457. 
Robert, s. of Robert, minister of King 

Edward, 538. 
Robert, mercliant in Singapore, s. of 

Major Robert of Ladyhill, 461. 
Robert, s. of Robert, in New Noth, 431. 
Ivobert, s. of Thomas, Chamberlain to 

Braco, 432. 
Robert, s. of William, minister of King 

Edward and Rothiemay, 537. 
Robert A. of Montgomery, Alabama, 593. 
Robert Eraser, s. of Colonel Alexander 

Gordon, 324. 
Robert Eraser, s. of Thomas Eraser, 322. 
Robert George, 210, 251, 254. 
Robert George Vivian, m. Lady JuHet 

Lowther, 254. 
Robert Harold Ambrose Gordon, 325. 
Robert Low, 548. 
Robert Stnithers, Hon., 430. 
Robert Tod, 589. 
Robert William (' the Colonel '), second 

of Fettercsso, 150, 315-8, 320 et seq. 
Robert William, fourth of Fettcresso 

(formerly Abercromby), 172, 210, 322, 

326, 405. 
Crest, 572. 
Robert William, present owner of 

Fettcresso, 326. 
Robert William, Colonel, s. of Thomas 

Abercromby, 2n, 323, 324. 
Robert William, Major-Gcneral, s. of Adam, 

Slicrilf of Wigtownshire, 210, 322. 
Robert WiUiam, s. of Captain Daniel, 448, 




Dull — continued. 

Ivol.cTt Williuin of Winclioslcr House, .| |i). 

Koliiu Aiilic eiorcloii, (^5. 

Kol.m.i, .s«.). 

Kobina M;iry, 278. 

Roger, 403. 

Rose Mary, 255, 25G. 

Rudolph, 580. 

Samuel, 585 note. 

Sarah, Lady, d. of Alexander, third Earl, 

Sarah, d. of Sir James of Kinstair, 516. 
Sarah Baker (Sarena), 540. 
Sarah Georgina, 412. 
Sibella Huntly, 551. 
Simon, soldier, 5S2. 
Simon, tobacconist, 442. 
Simon, s, of Alexander of Elgin, 442, 444, 

Sophia, d. of James of Dundee, 433. 
Sophia, d. of James of Banff, 242. 
Sophia, d. of Patrick (' Little Clerk Duff '), 

Sophia, Lady, d. of William, Lord Braco, 

82, 157, 503- 
Sophia Henrietta, d. of Major William, 523. 
Stuart of Bruntyards family, 590. 
T. A., in Huntly, 440. 
Thomas, brother-german to third owner of 

Muldavit, 14, 15. 
Thomas, burgess of Dantzig, 581. 
Thomas of Durban, 547. 
Thomas of Findowie, 547. 
Thomas, burgess of Forres, 580. 
Thomas, cooper in Inverness, went to 

Sweden, 588. 
Thomas, farmer in Illinois, 552. 
Thomas, merchant in Perth, 548. 
Thomas, Colonel, U.S.A., 593. 
Thomas, monk at Wurzburg;, 5S5. 
Thomas, servitor and grieve to Adam 

(second) of Drunimuir, 346, 347. 
Thomas, brother of John of Gothenburg, 

Thomas, s. of Adam of Clunybcg, 47. 
Ti!OM.\s, s. of Daniel of Logicalinond, 548, 

S49. .573- 
Thouias, s. of George, in lliUockhcad, 440. 
Thomas, s. of James of Bade and Cairn- 
whelp, 455. 
Thomas, s. of James,inMi!lof Auchindachy, 

Thomas, s. of James, s. of William in 

Hillockhead, 441. 
Thomas, s. of John, 37. 
Thomas, s. of Lachlan, W.S., 2G7, 270. 
Thomas, s. of Patrick of Craigston, 113,297, 

Thomas (two) sons of Patrick (second) 

Town Clerk of Elgin, 463. 
Thomas, s. of Robert, in Hillockhead, 

' Chamberlain to Braco," 432. 

Dud — continued. 

llidMias, lawyer, s. of Colonel Thoman, 

U.S.A., .V)3. 
Thomas, s. of William of Crombic, 418. 
Thomas Abercromby, advocate, 2ir, 321, 

323 et seq. 
Thomas Abercromby, Lieutenant, 324. 
Thomas Abercromby Eraser, 211, 324. 
Thomas Duff Gordon, 406. 
Thomas Frazer, 210, 322. 
Thomas Gordon, Colonel Gordon of Park, 

211, 403 et seq. 
Thomas Herbert Knowles, 549. 
Thomas Robert, 406. 
■ Tiger.' See Patrick, General. 
Virginia, 588. 
W. K., 549. 

Walter Garden, s. of Garden William, 254. 
Walter, s. of Hugh, farmer, Edderton, 592. 
Walter, s. of John (ninth) of Muldavit, 21. 
Walter Norwich, 272. 
Walter William, 549. 
William, Professor, ' extruded ' from 

University of Aberdeen, 533 et seq., 

WiUiam, ' tennant in Balmade, King 

Edward,' 37 note. 
William, in Bellmachree, AthoU vassal 

concerned in the '45, 584. 
William of Braco, 32 and note, 3G, 69, 71, 

74 et seq., 309. 
William of Broad Street, Carnaby Market, 

William, in Burnend, 440. 
William of Corsindae (first), 331, 322, 

368 note. 
William of Corsindae (second), 333, 334. 
William of Crombic, 372, 373, 417, 418 

et seq. 
William of Dipple, 30, 31-4, 36, 57, 83 

et seq., 355, 357, .492 note, 583. 
William, Lord Braco, first Earl Fife, 4 note, 

33, 41 and note, 79, 81, 87, 94, 108 el 

seq., 141, 33t>, -ioz, 433, 450, 54O. 
Appeals from relatives and connections, 

liiidiug employment for young rela- 
tives, etc., 93-5, 99, 102, 109, 2S5, 307, 

392, 434. 535- 
Arms, 567- 
Monument and body removed to Duff 

House by the second Earl, 181. 
William, master of Braco, 114, 115, 121, 

127 et seq., 168, 450. 
William of Findowie, 547. 
William, freeman of the city, 5S7. 
William, minister of Foveran, s. of Robert, 

minister, 535, 536, 537. 
William, minister of Glenbucket, s. of 

William, minister of King Edward and 

Rothiemay, 537, 539. 
William, minister of Grange, 297, 540, 




T)\in— continued. 

William, in Ilillocklicad, ' Hillocks," 437 
et scij. 

William, in part of Hillockhead, 430, 440. 

William, farmer in Illinois, 552. 

William, Provost of Inverness, 12, 20 note, 
30, 36 tiote, 56, 83, 354 et seq., 389. 
Arms, 565, 566. 

William, in business in Keith, 590. 

William, pariocher of Keith, murder com- 
mitted by, 5S1. 

William, minister of King Edward and 
Rothiemay, 172 note, 537. 

William of MettapoUiam, 418. 

William, in New Zealand, 440. 

William of Nicholas Lane, London, 447, 

William of Rosevean, Sutton, Surrey, 583. 

William, in TurriiT, 307 note. 

William, ' tenent in Turriffe,' 37 note. 

William of Virginia, 592. 

William of Whitehill, 285 ct seq., 295, 298. 

William, Sergeant of 42nd Royal High- 
landers, 587. 

William, s. of Alexander, Botriphnie, 590. 

William, W.S., s. of Alexander of David- 
ston, 393, 394, 400, 409. 

William of Muirtown, s. of Alexander of 
Drummuir, 368,369, 372, 390, 408 c<s«/. 

William, s. of Alexander of Elgin, 442, 444, 

William, s. of yVlexander of Mayen, 277. 

William (two) sons of Alexander of Muir- 
town, 410. 

William, s. of ArchibaUl, ' Mucldo Clerk," 

William, s. of Daniel, farmer in Illinois, 

Wilham, s. of Daniel of Logiealmond, 549. 

William, s. of Major George, 483. 

William, s. of George of Edindiach, 
present day represenlativcs, 426, 442. 

William, s. of George, in Hillockliead, 440. 

William, s. of George, in Hillockhead and 

William, s. of George Duff and Margaret 

Stables, 591. 
William, s. of James of Corsindae, 331, 

William, s. of James of Dundee, 433. 
William, Major, natural s. of James, 

second l-'arl Fife, iSi, 506, 516 et sei/. 
William, s. of James, s. of William in 

Hillockhead, 441. 
William, s. of James, W.S., Jamaica, 58S. 
William, s. of John of Culbin, 391. 
William, s. of John, goldsmith in Cullen, 

William, s. of John, Provost of Elgin, 283-5. 
William, s. of John, ninth of Muldavit, 21. 
William, Colonel, s. of Jolin of Pitchaish, 

Duff — continued. 

William, s. of Peter of Mather Cluny, 426, 

William, s. of Patrick of Whitehill, 2S7, 

2S8, 290. 
William, s. of Patrick Duff and Penelope 

Gordon, 483. 
William, s. of Robert (buried at Banff), 591. 
WilUam, s. of Robert, younger of Drum- 
muir, 3S0. 
Wilham, doctor, s. of Robert, minister of 

King Edward, 538. 
WilUam, s. of William of Findowie, 548. 
William, s. of William, freeman of the 

city, 587. 
William, s. of Provost William of Inver- 
ness, 361. 
William, s. of William of Muirtown, 361. 
WiUiam (frivo) sons of William of Whitehill, 

287 and note. 
William Archibald, 551. 
William (Gordon), 493, 494. 
William Higgin'SON ('Billy'), 27S-80. 
William John, 413. 

William Latimer, General, U.S.A., 540. 
William Latimer, s. of James, s. of William, 

minister of Grange, 542. 
William Latimer, s. of General William 

Latimer, 5 p '. 
William S., 55.:. 
Yvonne, 323. 
Dull Development Company, Kclantan, 449. 
DuFif Housu, 108, no, 171, 197, 208, 209. 
Presented to towns of Banff and Mac- 
duff in 1906, 171 note, 225. 
Duff House mausoleum, persons buried in, 

182, 183. 
Duff missionary ship and Dui? Islands, 583. 
Duff Society for the Relief of Farm Servants, 

Duff -Gordon family: 

ALEXANDiiU Coknewall, Bart., 423 et seq. 
Alicia Frances, 423. 
Anne, 419. 
Caroline (Lina), 424. 
Cosmo Edmund, Hart., 423-5. 
Cosmo Lewis, 423. 
Evelyn, 423. 
Flora, 423. 

Georgina Catherine, 423. 
Henry, 423. 
Janet (Mrs. Ross), 424. 
John Cornewall, 423. 
Maurice, Bart., 424. 
Urania, 424. 

William, Bart., 419, 423. 
Dufftown village, 168, 209. 
Duffus, Lord (Sir Benjamin Dunbar of 

Hempriggs), 249. 
Dukedom of Fife, 225. 

Dum Dum station founded by ' Tiger " 
Dull, 477- 




r.i t 


Dumfries and Slair, Earl of, ni. Anne Duff, 

])iinl>ar : 

Mr., of Tluindorton, IC15. 

Benjamin, Sir, of Hcmpriggs (Lord Duflus), 

Garden Duff, 251. 
George, Sir, of Hempriggs, 250. 
George Duff Sutherland, Sir, 251, 252. 

Arms, 252 itote, 575. 
James, Sir (' Knight of Durn '), 120. 
Jean of Durn, m. William Duff of Dipple, 

87, 90, 124. 
John, m. Isabel, d. of last Earl of Fife, 11. 
Kenneth James, R.N., 251. 
Louisa, m. Garden Duff of Hatton, 249. 
Ludovick, 389. 

Margaret of Kincorth, m. James Duff of 
Banff, 241, 244, 246. 
Duncan, murdered by Macbeth, 3. 
Duncan : 

, m. Helen Grant, 494. 

Anne, m. Peter Duff in Jilidtown of Belly- 
hack, 440. 
John, watchmaker in TurrilY, m. Xancy 

Dufit, 291. 
Margaret, m. John Duff, Tipperty, 590. 
Mary Anne, m. James George Tayler, 196. 
Dundas, Mary, m. George Abercromby of 

Tilliebody, 500. 
Dunedin, Lord, 24S. 
Dunfermline estates, 231. 
Dunkinty, 175. 
Dunlop ; 

Hugh, Admiral, m. Helen Clementina 

Cockburn, 212, 247. 
Jane Bracken, m. Colonel James Duff of 
Knockleith, 255. 
Dupplin, battle of, 10. 
Dupplin, Viscount, m. Lady Agnes Cecil 

Emmeline Duff, 220. 
Durham County, Duffs in, 5S7, 588 note. 

Earldom of Fife : 

Ancient Earls, creation, 4, 6 ct seq. Refer 
to Duff, Duncan, and Malcolm. 
Arms, I, 564. 
Forfeiture in 1425, and revival in 1759, 

4 note, II. 
Muldavit family, claims to descent from 

Earls of Fife, 12. 
Traditional descent, table, 9. 
Irish Peerage : 

Conferred on William, Lord Draco, 170. 
Holding independently of dukedom, 
question of, 226. 
Peerage of Great Britain : 

Conferred on James, second Lord Fife, 

Earldom of Fife — continued. 

J'xi.iry, ]K.j. 

Kevival ami sr^ oud expiry, 209. 
For Earls see- Clinstian names under Dull. 
Earlsferry, 2 cind note, 4. 
Easter Moy, lands of, 389. 
Echt estate, 96, 112, 113, 195, 332. 
Eden estate, So, 224, 296, 332, 492. 
Eden House, 491. 
Edgell, Rev. C., m. Jlargaret Helen Ramsay, 

Elderton, Henry M., m. Caroline Maria 

Manners Duff, 541. 
Elgin, Duff representatives in Parliament, 172. 
Elgin Cathedral, 90, 207, 282, 442. 
Elgin Duffs in London, 426, 442 et seq. 
Elphinstone, Florence, m. Julian Ainslie, 499. 
Entail, deed of, executed by James, fourth 

Lord Fife, 210-4; broken, 214. 
Ethclred, Abbot of Dunkeld and Earl of Fife, 

7 note. 

Falconer- Barbara, m. Alexander Dutf of 

Elgin, 442, 444- 
Falconer, Hugh, of Draikies, m. Jean DufI, 

Falkirk, battle of, 8. 
Falkland, lands of, 8. 
FamiUes, instances of large, 577-8. 
Fandowie. See Findowie. 
Farquharson, Anne, Lady Mackintosh 
(' Colonel Anne' of the Rout of Moy), 
Farquharson, Archibald, of Finzcan, 218. 
Farskane property, 492. 
Fedderat Castle, 28. 
F'ellows : 

Charles, m. Louisa Garden Tod, 24S. 

Thomas Abdy, m. Joanna Tod, 24S. 
Fenwick, Mrs. (Mary Ann Dull), 592. 
Fettercsso Castle, 309. 
Fettekesso, Duffs of, 309 et seq. 
Fife, Duchess of, 43, 225, 22O. 
Fife, Duke of, 220, 223 et seq. 
Fife, earldom of. See Earldom. 
Fife House, Edinburgh, 119. 
Fife House, London, 176 and note. 
'15, Duffs and Duff connections concerned in : 

Alexander of Drummuir, 376, 40S. 

Gordon, Charles, of Glengerack, 492. 

John of Rotterdam, 27. 

RIackintosh, Lachlan, 367. 

William of Braco, offer on behalf of Lord 
Marischall, 75. 

William of Dipple, 83, 89. 
F'indlater,Earlof, 14,71, S 7, iii, 180, 416, 420. 
Findowie, Duffs of, 550. 
Findowie and Ballinloan estates, 544. 
Finlay, Mary, m. Alexander Samuel Duff, 27S. 



Finzcauch, lands oT, 3.12. 

Fislicr, T. A., 'J'lic Scots in Gciiiianv, 5S5. 

Flower, Herbert, m. Laily Agnes Cecil 

Kmmelinc Dull, 220. 
Forbes Faintly, Ocncalogv of, edited by Major 

H. R. Dull, ^11. 
Forbes : 

Mr., minister of Boharm, 487. 

Alexander of Jamaica, m. Mary Duff, 537. 

Arthur of Blacktown, attempt to pur- 

cliase Balvenie, 66, 114 and note. 
Castle, defence of, by Jolin Duff, 32S. 
Flizabetli, m. Patrick JJuff, mmister, 536. 
George, letter to I^ord Braco, 134. 
Miss, m. James Uriiuiiart of Mcldrum, 152. 
John, Major, of Newe, m. Anne Duff, 409. 
Mary of Alford, m. Georpe Skene, 192. 
Sarah Louisa, m. Major Hugh Robert Duff, 

William, 336, 337. 
Fordun, John of, 2. 3 and note. 
Fortescue, Lady Frances, m. Archibald Hay 

Gordon Duff, 406. 
'45, Duffs and Dull connections concerned 
in, etc., 122. 
Anne Duff, Lady Mackintosh, pencil draw- 
ing of Prince Charles given to, etc., 
Archibald of Drummuir, Jacobite de- 
mands for men and money addressed 
to factor of, 382-6. 
King's troops, demands on behalf of, 387. 
Atholl, list of persons in, below the pass of 

Killiecrankie, given up in 174C, 584. 
Atholl vassals (Dutis), 5S4. 
Baird, William, of Auchmcdden, 95-8. 
Carlisle, surrender of. Duffs among those 

surrendering, 5S4. 
Culloden, incidents preceding, 408. 
Cuming, Alexander, of Craigmiln, 57. 
Dundee district, rebels from, 5S4. 
Glasgow district, 584. 

Gordon, Arthur, of Carnousie, 333, 368 note. 
Gordon, Francis, of liincardin Miln, 333, 

Gordon, James of Avochie, 553. 
Gordon, James of Cobairdy, 185, 186,553. 
Gordon, John, of Glcnbucket, 383. 
Gordon, Sir William, of Park, 131, 553. 
Hay, Andrew, of Ranncs, 185, 186. 
Inverurie, skirmish, 239 240 note. 
James of Banlf, 239, 240. 
James of Findowie, 5.|i). 
Johnstone, ChevaUer, incident, 293-5, 553. 
Katherine, Lady Drummuir, hostess of 
Prince Charles and Cumberland, 377 
et seq. 
Kinloch, Sir James, of Ncvay, 99. 
Mcintosh, Lachlan, 331. 
Patrick, ' Little Clerk Duff," 462. 
Robert of Logie, treatment of Jacobite 
prisoners, etc., 310. 

•.^^— continued. 

' Rout of Moy,' 37K. 
William of Coi-s.mlae, 332, 333, 384. 
William of Muirtown, 408. 
Fotheringham, Dr., 120 and note, 516. 
France in 1736, Archibald Duff's observa- 
tions, 302. 
Frances, Anne Esther, m. William Latimer 

Duff, 540. 
Fraser : 

Adam of Finzeauch, m. Margaret Dulf, 

342 aiid note. 
Alexaniicr of Inclicoulter and Grenada, m. 

Amelia Duff, 4 10. 
Andrew, Dr., m. Mary Duff, 57. 
Anne, m. Patrick Duff, ' Little Clerk Duff,' 

Eleanor, m. Adam Duff, 322. 
Helen of Achnagairn, m. Huntly George 

Gordon Duff, 413. 
Helen, ' Lady ' Rannes, 57 and note, 125, 

287 note. 
Jean, m. Provost William Duff, 355, 361. 
Laura Ehza, m. Thomas Abercromby Duff, 

Margaret, m. Patrick Duff, 463. 
Robert, Mr., assignee of rights of Dorothy 

Lawson, 351. 
Simon, Lord Lovat, 79, 89, 311, 371, 376. 
Thomas, charge of defrauding customs 
brought against Alexander of Keith- 
more, 60. 
William, Dr., of Kilmorah, Duff descent, 
356 note. 
Erasers at Culloden, 408. 
French Revolution : 

John Duff's (of Drummuir) Journal, 394. 
Wars of, Sir James Duff at Valenciennes, 
Funtington, residence of Sir James Duff of 

Kinstair, 514, 516. 
Fyffe, William Johnstone, m. Catherine Ehza- 

beth Mary Duff, 336. 
Fyvie Castle, 387, 424. 
Fyvie, Rev. Charles, m. Duff Macfarlane, 393. 

Galton, Captain Herman, m. Mary Aber- 
cromby, 322. 
Garden : 

Balhia of Troup, m. William Duff of 

Whitehill, 286. 
Mary, m. Lewis Alexander Duff, school- 
master of Monymusk, 540. 
Garforth, W., m. Jane Agnes Duff, 483. 
Gauld : 

, m. Maggie Duff, 440. 

Maggie, m. Gumming Duff, in Glass, 440. 
Geddcs : 

Agnes, m. James Duff, burgess of CuUen, 24. 



C:ci)rgc ol Aiichiiilioor, in. Miugarcl Dull, 

41. 47, 4M- 
Sir William, Memorials of a Banffshire 
Glen, 223 note, 438. 
Genealogical tables : 

Abercromby family, 102, 563. 

Adam Duff of Clunvbcg, descendants of, 

Alexander Duff of Braco, daughters of, 496. 
Ancient Earls of Fife, g. 
Bade and Cairnwhelp, Duffs of, 453. 
Charles Henry Duff, Dr., of East Bridge- 
ford, descent from son of Adam of 
Clunybeg 50 note. 
Corsindae family, 329, 334. 
Crombie, Duffs of, and Duff-Gordons, 414. 
Drummuir family, 365. 
Elgin family, 443. 
Fetteresso family, 327. 
George Duff of Edindiach, 427. 
Gordons of Farskane, 493. 
Gordons of Park, 559 note. 
Grant Duffs, 496. 

Hatton family, 227, 257, 258, 259. 
Hillockhead, Duffs of, 431. 
James Duff of Crombie and Jean Meldrum 

his wife, relationship, 415. 
James Dulf of Kjnstair and Norfolk Duffs, 

' Mr." John Duff, 29. 
John Macduff, hanged, 545. 
Mayen family, 273. 
Morisons, 563. 
Muirtown family, 407. 
Muldavit famdy, 13. 
Perthshire Dulfs (Ballinloan and Findowie), 

' Tiger ' Duff of Carnousie, family of, 467. 
Torriesoul family, 339. 
Urquharts, 5O0. 
Wharton Dulls of Orion, 502. 
Geology of Moray, by Patrick Duff (third) 

Town Clerk of Elgin, 464. 
George iii., thanksgiving (17S9), 178, 179. 
Gibbon, Edward, meeting with Jolin Duff of 

Drummuir, 396. 
Gibbon : 

Charles William, minister of Lonmay, m. 

Anne Duff, 538. 
James, m. Mary Duff, 4S9. 
Gibraltar in 177S, Lady Helen Duff's 

impressions, 316, 317. 
Glasgow, Lord, courtship of Lady Augusta 

Hay, 235. 
Glasshaugh estate, 317, 321, 562. 
Glenbarry estate, I9''>. 
Glenbucket estate, no, 224. 
Glenelg, 408. 

Glengerack, Lady. See Duff, Margaret, d. of 
Alexander of Braco. 






Gordon : 

Adam of Aiichindoun, 21, 42. 

Agnes, m. John Duff (ninth) of Muldavit, 

20, 21, 22. 
I^ccusancy, 16 note, 22. 
Alexander, son of Colonel Thomas, 211, 404 . 
Alexander, advocate. Lord KockviUc, m. 

Anne Duff, 419. 
Alexander, Lieutenant-Colonel, 419. 
Alexander of Gight, m. Margaret Duff, 

297 and note. 
Alexander of Glengerack, s. of Margaret 

Duff, 491, 492. 
Alexander of Carnousie, s. of Mary Duff, 

Anne, d. of Alexander Gordon, Lord Rock- 

ville, 419. 
Arthur of Carnousie, m. Mary Duff, 333, 

368, 3S1, 3S2. 
Arthur, s. of Arthur of Carnousie, 368, 382. 
Barbara, m. ' Mr.' James Duff of Torriesoul, 

Barclay, m. Marjory Duff, 461. 
Beatrix, of Birkenburn, m. Adam Duff of 

Clunybe.g, 43, 44, 47, 49, 3<Ji- 
Bessie, ' Buckie's daughter,' 44. 
Bessie, m. Alexander Duff of Invermarkie, 

Catherine of Carnousie, m. William Duff of 

Corsindae, 332. 
Catherine, d. of Alexander Gordon, Lord 

Rockville, 419. 
Charles of Glengerack, m. Margaret Duff, 

401, 492. 
Charlultc, m. Colonel James Abercromby, 

Charles, 419. 
Cosmo, 419. 
David, 211, 404. 

David of Lascclles Kegiment, 555. 
IClconora, d. ot Colonel Tliomas, 213, 404. 
IClizabeth, m. Robert Duff, 213, 430. 
lilizabeth, d. ol Colonel Thomas, 213, 404. 
Emily, d. ol Colonel Thomas, 213, 404. 
Jirnesl, Sir, of Park, s.i/, .'i.59. 
Francis of Kincardin ISliln, concealed at 

Corsindae after the '45, 333, 384 and 

note, 380. 
George of Birkcnbush, m. Katherine 

Gordon, 491. 
George of Druraheid, m. Elizabeth Duff, 

George of Glengerack, s. of Margaret Duff, 

George Huntly, 247. 
Goodrich, Miss, 232 and note. 
Helen of Park, m. John Duff of Culbin, 

Helen Isabella, d. of Colonel Ihomas, 213, 




Con Ion — conlinued. 

Isiibfl, 111. Ccorgc l^iill (seventh) of 

MuUlavit, 17. 
James of Cobairdy, 1S5 186 note, 553, 557, 

Jean of Avocliie, m. James DiiiT of Bade, 

Jean, m. Patrick Duff, factor for Ballin- 

tomb, 466. 
Jane, m. Robert Duff, 461. 
Jean of Abergcldie, m. Adam Duff (fourtli) 

of Torriesoul, 342, 344. 
Jane of Cairnfield, m. James Duff, 4S8. 
Jean of Kdinglassie, m. William Duff of 

f^ipple, S7, 88. 
Jean of Farskane, m. James Milne, 332, 

Jean, ci. of Sir William Gordon of Park, m. 

Colonel Duncan Urquhart, 123, 13S, 

Janet, d. of Ale.xander Gordon, Lord 

Rockville, 419. 
Janet of Farskane, m, Alexander Duff, in 

Hillockhead, 437. 
Janet of Farskane, m. Jolin Duff of Elgin, 

Jemima, d. of Colonel Thomas, 213, 404. 
Jessie, m. Richarrl CretKl, 559. 
Joanna, d. of Colonel Thomas, 213, 404. 
John of Avochie, 553. 
John of Badenscolh, m. Bathia Duff, 28O, 

287 note. 
John of Buckie, 19. 
John of Davidston, 31, 33, 366. 
John of Findlater, 211. 
John of Glcnbucket, no, 224, 239, 383, 

John, Captain of Marines, half-brother to 

Sir W. Gordon of Park, 138, 139, 185, 

John Benjamin, s. of Sir John James 

Gordon, 139, 559. 
John Bury, Sir, 139, 559. 
John J.^mes, ' Sir John,' s. of Janet Duff 

and Sir William Gordon of Park, 134, 

136, 138, 139, 185, 192, 201, 203, 550, 

357 et scq., 559. 
Lachl.\n, re-assumed name of Dulf in 

1858, 211, 404, 40s, 571. 
Lewis, Lord, 240, 383 note, 553. 

Lord, killed at Alford, 344 note. 

Margaret, d. of Alexander Gordon, Lord 

Rockville, 419. 
Margaret, m. John Duff of Elgin, 283. 
Margaret of Cairnburrow, m. ' Mr." John 

Duff, 15, 18, 42. 
Second marriage to Walter Ogilvie, 18 

and note, 21, 39, 41. 
Margaret of Farskane, m. John Duff, s. of 

Patrick of Craigston, 282, 283. 
Margaret of Lesmoir, m. Alexander Duff of 

Braco, 32 note, 3G, &3, 69, 107. 

Gordon — continued. 

Mary of Abcnlour, m. Jolin Dingwall, 335. 
Mary of Ellon, in. John Dull of Culbm, 

Mary of Letlerfourie, m. John Duff of 

Pitchaish, 474. 
Mary of Newton, m. Thomas Abercromby 

Duff, 323- 
Mary, d. of Colonel Thomas, 213, 404. 
Mary Elizabeth, m. Alexander Dulf, 429. 
Peter of Ardmeallie, m. Mary Duff, 417. 
Patrick of Auchindoun, 21, 42. 
Patrick of Daaiich, m. Jane Duff, 340. 
Patrick, s. of Cairnburrow, m. Isobel Duff, 

Pcnclope of Aberdour, m. Patrick, s. of 

' Tiger ' Duff, 335, 482, 4SO note. 
Rachel, m. George Duff, 430. 
Rachel, d. of Colonel Thomas Gordon, 213, 

TnoM.\s, Colonel Gordon of Park, 403 et 

Wilhelmina, 213, 404. 
William of Avochie, 31. 
William, General, m. Harriet Stenart, 404. 
William of Birkenburn, m. Jean Duff, 355, 

William of Farskane, 27, 31. 
William (third) of Farskane, m. Helen 

Duff, 492. 
William (last) of Farskane, m. Margaret 

Duff, 417, 492, 493- 
William of Lesmoir, m. Mary Duff, 368. 
William, Sir, of Park, m. Janet Duff, 

proscribed after Culloden, 131, 533 

et seq. 
William of Rothiemay and his son John, 

burned by Crichton of Frendraught, 

18 note. 
William, s. of Margaret Duff, 491, 492. 
William, s. of Sir W. Gordon of Lesmoir, 

500 and note. 
William Augustus, grandfather of ' Chinese 

Gordon,' 335 note. 
William Braco, s. of Sir William Gordon 

and Janet Duff, 137, 139, 140, 133, 

Gordon, Duchess of : 

Catherine, regiment raised by, 475 and 

Maxwell, Jane, 176, 189, 190, 203. 
Gordon, Diikoof: 

George, first Duke, 49, 90. 

Alexander, second Duke, on fortunes of the 

Duffs, 125. 
Alexander, fourth Duke, 173 and note, 202, 

260, 268 and note, 473. 
George, fifth and last Duke, 268. 
Gordon, Duff and Co., wine merchants, 487. 
Gordons of Aberdour, 333. 
Gordons of Farskane, descendants of Helen 
Duff, 492 el scq. 



Gordons of Glcngerack, children of Margaret 
Dulf, .|0I, ,192, 

Conliins of Turk, ;iftcr Uic ',|.'i, 559 note. 

Gownc Mystery, history oi, by Alexander 
Duff, minister of Tibbennuir, 539. 

Grange Church, Duff monuments, etc., re- 
moved by James, second liarl Fife, 


Alexander, s. of Sir James and Jean Duff, 

Alexander Hope, s. of Sir James and Jean 

Duff, 233. 
Anne, Lady, and the ' Raid of Elyin,' 

218, 219 and itote, 233. 
Archibald, Sir, of Monymusk, m. Mary 

Forbes, 409. 
Christina Teresa, d. of Sir James and Jean 

Duff, 234. 
Colonel, of Woodside, Flgin, ni. Helen 

Grant, 494. 
Dundas, s. of Sir James and Jean Duil, 233. 
Duncan, 344. 

Elizabeth, m. Dr. George Duff, 4O1. 
Francis, Sir, P.K.S.A., 221. 

G. , letter to Lord Braco, 130. 

George, Rev., of Boharm, m. Magdalen 

Gordon, 492. 
Helen, m. Alexander Duff of Edindiach 

and Drumbulg, 456. 
Helen of AUachie, m. Alexander Duff of 

Keithmore, 51, 54, 56 note. 
James, contract assigned to WiUiam Duff 

of Inverness, 356. 
James, letters to his daughter. Lady 

Braco, 122. 
James of Banff, LL.B., 61, 71, 416 note. 
James, Sir, of Grant, m. Jean Duff, 233, 

James, s. of Sir James and Jean Duff, 233. 
Jane, d. of Sir James and Jean Duff, 234. 
Jean, m. William Duff, Lord Braco, first 

Earl Fife, 91, in, 120 el seq., 127, 138, 

139, 141, 149, It's, 174. iSi, 450, 522. 

Joanna McDowall, m. Colonel Ihoraas 

Gordon, 404. 
John of ICincardine O'Xcil, m. Margaret 

Miln Duff, 494. 
Ludovic, of Grant, 408. 
Ludovick, Wester Elchies, m. Anne Ogilvie, 

Magdalene, d. of Sir James and Jean Duff, 

Margaret, 'm. Major - General Francis 

Stewart of Lesmurdic, 233. 
Margaret, m. Simon Fraser, Lord Lovat, 

Mary Sophia, d. of Sir James and Jean 

Duff, 234. 
Patrick of AUachie, 55. 
Penuel, d. of Sir James and Jean Duff, 234. 
Robert of Taraorc, 457, 459, 408, 469. 

Grant — c.onlinucd. 

Robert Henry, 3. of Sir James and Jean 
Dull, 233- 

Thomas of ihomlenan, m. Beatrice Dull, 
Grant Duff family: 

Adrian, 49S. 
Arms, 574. 

Ainslie Douglas (Ainslie), 497, 498, 

Alice Jane, 497. 

Arthur Cuninghamc, 498. 

Clara, 498. 

Corsindae entail, appearance in, 334. 

Descent from Alexander of Braco, 09. 

Douglas, 498. 

Eden estate, 80. 

Edith Fanny (Rachel), 499. 

Evelyn Mountstuart, 498. 

Genealogical table, 496. 

Hampden, 498. 

Iseult Frederica, 498. 

James, 497. 

James Cuninghame, 495. 

Jean, 498. 

Julian Cuninghame, 498. 

Lily Ermcngarde Fanny, 498. 

Margaret, 497. 

Mary, 498. 

Mary Cuninghame, 497. 

Mountstuart Elphinsione, Sir, 497. 
Arms, 574. 

Neil Adrian Mountstuart, 498. 

Shicia, 498. 

Ursula Fiona, 498. 

Victoria Adelaide Alexandra, 498. 
Green : 

Duff, General, U.S.A., 593. 

William, m. Eleanor Duif , descendants, 593. 
Grecnlaws, Christian, m, Alexander Duff, 

Town Clerk, 356. 
Griffith-Boscawen : 

Alice, 271. 

Arthur, Sir, M.P., 271. 

Boscawen Trevor, m. Helen Sophia Duff, 

Helen, 271. 

Trevor, 271. 


Hadden, Sir Bernard de, 6. 

Haddo estate and House, 317, 323. 

Hagbuts, 44 and note, 

Haines, Emma, m. Benjamin Duff of Hatton, 

Halfpence, ;£ioo worth of, bringing to Scot- 
land, 510. 
Hallidown Hill, battle of, 10. 
Hamilton : 

Catherine, m. Archibald Duff, D.D., 551. 

Sarah, m. William Dull, 533. 



Hammersley, Maud, m. Henry Duff-Gordon, 

Hannibal, a Tragedy, by Major H. K. Duff, 

Harden, 'Master,' 450, 514. 
Harper, Sanders, grieve of Archibald Duff o£ 

Drummuir, 388. 
Hastings, Warren : 

James, second Earl Fife's letter to, 188. 
Patrick ('Tiger') Duff's sympathies, 4S2. 
Trial of, 179. 
Hatton Castle, 250. 
Hatton estate, 36, 228, 231, 235. 

Lairds of, 257. 
Hatton Family, 227 et seq. 
Deaths due to falls, 251 note. 
Town house in Banff, 246. 
Hatton Lodge, 233. 
Hawkins, m. Isabella Duff, 447. 

Agnes Georgina Elizabeth, Lady, m. 

James, fifth Earl Fife, 220. 
Augusta, courtship by Lord Glasgow, 235. 
Dorothea of Mountblairy, m. Patrick 

{■ Tiger ') Duif, 478. 
George of Mountblairy, m. Janet Duff, 

widow of Sir William Gordon, 137. 
Helen, ra. Andrew Duff (fifth) of Muldavit, 

I5> 16. 30- 
'Mr.,' of Delgaty, business capacity of the 

Duffs, 69. 
Mrs., charge of ' Tiger ' Duff's children, 487. 
Hay of Rannes : 
Andrew, 19. 

Andrew, 185, 186, 249 note, 287 note, 28S. 
Charles (' Giant '), stockings exhibited at 

Duff House, etc., 287 and note. 
Clementina, m. Patrick Duff, 2S7, 28S. 
James, purchase of Muldavit, 16 note, 21. 
Hayter, Anno, in. Daniel George Dulf, 446, 

Heine, Hcinrich, 221. 
Helen, d. of Llewellyn of Wales, m. Malcolm, 

eighth Earl of Fife, 8. 
Heraldry of Dufi Family, 564 et seq. 
Heriot, Jlargaret, m. Archibald Duff, dancing- 
master, 551. 
Hewett, Rev. P., m. Anne Duff, 51G. 
Hewett, Major W., m. Sarah Duff, 516. 
Hillockhead and Towiemore, Duffs in, 426. 
Hog, Rachel, m. Laclilan Duff, 403. 
Home, Major, grandson of Prince Rupert, Si. 
Honthorst, G., 49. 
Hope, Adrian Elias, m. Lady Ida Louisa Alice 

Duff, 220. 
Hopeman village, 399, 400. 
Home, Mrs. Anne, 488, 4S9. 
Horning, description of, 578. 
Housedalc, dwelling of, 193. 
Howard, Marjory, in. Robert Ilaiold Ambrose 

(Gordon Duff, 325. 
Iluntly, George, Manpiis of, 341. 

Huntly, Lady, 339, 340. 

Huntly, Lord, letter to William of Dipple 

Imlach : 

George, monument of Provost Douglas 

removed by second Earl Fife, 181. 
James, 247, 481. 

His History of Banff, 209. 
Inchbroom, 175. 
Infectious illness, absence of precautions, 

131, 146, 162. 
Infeftment of children in the fee of estates 
of which liferent was granted to other 
persons, 42. 
Innes : 

of Edingight, m. Archibald Gordon of 

Farskanc, 492. 
Anna, two John Duffs marrying wives of 

this name, 27, 28, 33 note, 37. 
Anne of Edingight, m. Patrick Duff of 

Craigston, 22S, 229. 
Balvenie, owners of, 66. 
Charlotte of Clerkseat, m, William Duff 

of Corsindae, 334. 
Christian of Knockorth, m. James Duff of 

Dundee, 433, 436. 
Elizabeth of Cowie, m. Arthur Duff of 

Fetteresso, 322. 
Harry, Sir, of Innes, fears of the '45, 239. 
Isabel of Culquoich, m. Robert Duff, 535, 

James, Muldavit mortgaged to, 15. 
James of Inverness, 360. 
John of Balvenie, 429. 
John of Edingight, ra. Jean Duff of 

Craigston, 295, 297. 
Robert of Balvenie, 342. 
Robert, Sir, sale of Dipple to William Duff, 
Innes House, 1O8, 175, 176, 207, 224, 515, 528. 
Inverness : 

Clergy and poor of, mortification by 

Alexander of Drummuir, 366, 374. 
Duffs in early records, 357, 580. 
Hospital, bequest by Alexander of Drum- 
muir, 373. 
Prince Charles Edward at, 376-9, 408. 
Inverurie, sldrmish of ('4.";), 239, 240 note. 
Irish insurrection of 1798, Sir James Duff's 
services in Limerick command, 508, 509. 
Irvine, Margaret, of Drum, m. Alexander Duff 
(third) of Tornesoul, 341. 

Jackson, Rt. Hon. F. Huth, m. Clara Grant 

Duff, 4'-8. 
Jacobite Risings of 171 5 and 1745. See head- 

"'i'^ '.5 and '45. 



Jamaica : 

Conditions in (c. 1700), 512. 
Duirs of, 285, 435, 588. 
Jaraesone, George, painter, 20, 25, .|9, 33S, 

Jephson, Dr., of Leamington, 530. 
Jobson, Airs. (Margaret Duff), 5.12. 
Johnson, Stewart in Fife, 6. 
Johnson, Dr., visit to Banff, 171. 
Johnstown (Jolinstone) : 
Alexander, 30. 
Chevalier, visit to Banff, after Culloden, 

293-5, 55.3- 
G. of Alva, m. Mary Margaret Duff, 549. 
Margaret, m. John Dulf, merchant and 

burgess of Aberdeen, 27. 
Miss, of New Zealand, m. Thomas Herbert 
Knowles Duff, 549. 

Emma, m. James Gordon Duff, 4S9. 
Frances, of Guestling, m. Admiral 

Archibald Duff, 399. 
Paul, descent on Whitehaven, etc., 520. 

Kabul, retreat from, William Duff killed, 53S. 
Kayll ; 
Mary, m. George Graham Duff, R.N,, 323. 
William, m. Hilda Duff, 323. 
Keith, town of, 18, 64, 304, 468. 
Keith, William, of Bru.xie, dispute with 

William, Lord Braco, in relation to 

Balvenic, 114 and note, 118. 
Keithmore, house and lands of, 61. 
Kellie (Kelly), Andrew, 22, 26. 
Kemp, Alexander, complaint against Alex- 
ander of Keithmore, 60. 
Kennedy : 

Margaret, m. John, s. of John Duff of 

Bowmakellach, 331. 
Marion, m. Allan Tod Duff, Bruntvards, 
Kensington Gravel Pits, now Orme Square, 

Bayswater, 146 unci nolc. 
Kettle, lands of, 8. 
Killick, Pamela Amanda, in. James Duff, 

Killiecrankie, Alexander of Keithmore's 

sufferings after, 61. 
King's College, Aberdeen, gift of Lachlan 

Mackintosh and his wife Anne Duff, 368 

King's Painter, office of, 102, 123 note, 240, 

241 note. 
Kingston, Elizabeth, Duchess of (Countess of 

Bristol), 1S5 note. 
Kinloch, Sir James, of Kinloch and Nevay, 

m. Janet, d. of William of Dipple, 87, 

98 et seq. 
Kinnaird of Culbin, Alexander, 389. 

Kinnairdy estate, 94, 231. 

Kinnoul, barony of, id. 

Ivinstair laiiuly, 500 et ser/. 

Kinstair, lands of, 510 i2nd note. 

Kintore, John, Earl of, prayer, 67. 

Kirktown House, Drummuir, 397, 399. 

Knellcr, Sir Godfrey, 92. 

Knockleith estate, 228, 220, 231, 233, 235, 

Knox, John, 584 note. 

Laing, Professor David, Historians of Scot- 
land, 3 and -note. 
Lang, Andrew, History of Scotlayid, 3. 
Laudenheimer, Kegina, m. John Charles 

Duff, 324. 
Lausanne (1790), John Duff's Journal, 395, 

Law : 

James D. of Lancaster, U.S..\., m. Agnes 

Dull, 431. 
Robert, m. Ida Duff, 323. 
Lawric, Major, m. Margaret Duff, 435. 
L.\\vsoN, Dorothy, m. Adam Duff (second) 
of Drummuir, 5S and note, 345, 347 ct 
seq., 363. 
Lawtie, James, burgess of CuUen, 21, 24. 
Leggat estate, 175. 
Leith, Major James, V.C, 254. 

Elsie, m. Walter Garden Duff, 254. 
Lensham estate, 237. 
Leslie (Lesley) : 

, purchase of TuUochallum from 

Patrick Duff, 19. 
George of WarthiU, m. Mary Duff, 342, 

Isabel, in. Robert Duff, buried at Banff, 

James of Benncgeith, m. Anne Duff, 2S2. 
Mary of Glenmyre, m. Alexander Duff 

(third) of ilatton, 24O. 
Mrs. (Ann Gordon), 430. 
Walter of Wester (;aldwell, m. Beatrice 

l^ulf, 343- 
William of Melross, m. Mary Duff, 297 

and note. 
WiUiam of Melross, Major, heir of Adam 
Duff of Stocket, 297, 307, 319. 
Lethbridge, Edward, m. Constance Brooke, 

Lettach and Old Auchlaggan, lands of, 61. 
Leuchars estate, 175. 
Levita, Arthur, m. Stephanie Agnes Cooper, 

Leydecker, Margaret, m. George Gordon Dufif, 

Lillie, Mary, m. Andrew Duff, 589. 
Lincke, Harriet Elizabetli, m. Jekyll Chalmers 
Duff, 447. 


C,2l'.ny, J;iiiic.s, in. Jo.iiiii:i I.ucy Diilf, .|o6. 
Loukliarl, [aiic (Jaiicl), i.i. I'lovosl William 

Dull ol Iiivcnn;!is, 20 iu,l,, j-,5 and 

note, 358, 361. 
Logic estate, 313, 315. 
Longevity of the Duffs, instances, 57S. 
Lord, W. F., Lost Possessions of Great 

Britain, 21O. 
Lowthcr, Lady Juliet, m. Robert George 

Vivian Duff, 254. 
Lovat, Lord. Sec Frascr, Simon. 
Lovat, Master of, at Culloden, 40S. 
Low, Margaret, ni. Daniel Duff of Logie- 

almond, 548 and note. 
Lowe, Mrs. (Jane Grace Duff), 551. 
Lubbock, ?Ion. Ursula, ni. Adrian Grant 

Duff, 498. 
Lumphanan, battle, of, 4. 
Lumsdcn, Christian, m. Alexander Duff, 341. 
Lumsden, Harriet, m. Patrick Duff, minister 

of Old Machar, 536. 
Lyon : 

Eupham, m. (i) Robert Duff, ' the Gallant," 

344 ; (2) W. Macpherson, 345. 
John, complaint against Adam of Clunybeg, 
Lyons, Colonel Edmund Willoughby, m. 

Margaret Gurney Abcrcromby, 322. 

Wacbean : 

Katherine, m. Colonel Alexander Gordon 

Duff, 324- 
Marianne Georgina, m. Colonel Robert 
William Duff, 324. 
Macbeth, 2 note, 3, 4 and note. 
Macdonald : 

jEneas, banker for Prince Charles Edward, 

Charles, m. Jean Duff, .130. 
Jean, grcal-granddauglilcr of Pcler of 
Malher Cluny, 421.. 
Macdonell, Colonel, of Glengarry, duel and 

subsequent trial for nuirder, 411. 
Macduff, Alexander, Perth, 545. 
Macduff (formerly Doune), 71, 17.1, 225. 
Macduff's Cross, near Newbuiyh, sanctuary, (>. 
MacduI']', Viscount, no, 141, 169, 171, 206, 

222, 224. 
Macdulfs of Bonhard, 545. 
Macfarlanc, Andrew, Bishop of Argyll and 

Ross, m. Magdalen Duff, 393, 409. 
MacGilchrist-Gilchrist, Miss, the genealogist, 

353 >'ole. 
M'Guflog, Katherine, of Jamaica, m. William 

Duff, 447. 
Mackay of Scourie, 375, 390, 
Mackenzie : 

llcnrietla of Coul, ni. Tliomas Wharton, 

John, Sir, 376. 
Margaret JL, m. John Wharton Tod, 505. 

VOL. ti. ; 


ir, J. 


















lie, 87, 

Descent from Shaw, younger son of Duncan, 

fifth Earl of Fife, S. 
Eliza Angling, m. Alexander Duff of Elgin, 

Elizabeth, d. of Isabel Duff, elopement, 

etc., 93. 
John, s. of Isabel Duff, 94. 
Lachlan, twentieth chief, m. Anne Duff, 

Lachlan, grandson of Jolin Duff of 

Bowmakellach, 331. 
Ludovic (Lodic), 93, 129. 
Mackintosh of Moy, claim to bo repre- 
sentative of Thanes of Fife, 12. 
Three Ladies Mackintosh living in 1745, 
Mackintosh, Eraser, Antiquarian Records, 

378. 390- 
Maconochie, J., m. Charlotte Joanna lod, 

Maclachlan, Dr., m. Magdalen Macfarlane, 

M'Laggan, Grace, m. David Dulf, minister of 

Moulin, 542. 
Macleod ; 

James, Dr., m. Katherine Duff, 409. 
Lieutenant, killed in duel about Miss Sarah 
Louisa Forbes, 412. 
Macleod of Assynt, betrayal of Montrose, 

Macpherson, W., of Delphour, m. Eupham 

Lyon, 345. 
Jlacpherson, /Eneas, T/ie Loyal Dissuasive, 

343 note. 
Madcris, Arthur, Denver, m. Mary Duff, 542. 
Maine, U.S.A., Duffs of, 3,';2. 
Mainwaring, Rowland, of Ball, m. Sopliia 

Henrietta Duff, 523. 
Malcolm, Ronald, lu. Isabel Abcrcromby 

Duff, 326. 
Manners : 
John, 208. 
Maria Caroline, ra. James, fourth Lord 

Fife, 205. 
Mr., lost in Ajax disaster, 26S, 269. 
Mar, estates of, no. 
Margate in 1798, 156 and note. 
Marischal (Marischall), Earl, 28, 75, 309, 340. 

Marshall, , m. Fanny Kent Duff, 447. 

Marsham, S. R., Amelia Charlotte, widow of, 

m. Wilham Higginson Duff, 280. 
Martin : 

G. L., m. Ada Duff, .1S3. 
James of Macduff, m. Jane Simpson Duff, 
Martinsen, Albert, m. Nora Beatrice Gordon 
Duff, 325- 



Mary Stewart, Queen, at Rothiemay, 127. 
Mason, — — , ra. Ann Duff, 463. 
Massey, Judith, m. Ihomas Wharton, 503. 
Matilda, d. of Gilbert, Earl of Strathearn, 

m. Malcolm, seventh Earl of Fife, 8. 
Maule, VVm., certificate ye lunatic James DufT, 

Maxse, Beatrice, m. Major General Robert 

William Duff, 322. 
Maxwell, Jane, Uuchess of Gordon, 176, 1S9, 

190, 203. 
Mayen, family and estate of, 67, 273 et seq. 
Meldrum estate, 142, 252, 563. 
Meldrum, family of, 228. 

George, Mr., minister of Glass, m. Jean, d. 
of Alexander of Kcithniore, 57, 415, 
Jean, m. James Duff of Crombie, 373, 415- 
Melvil of Glenbervy, murder of, 6. 
Memorials of John Geddes, being record of life 

in an Upland Glen, 16S note, 223, 438. 
Menzies : 

, m. Jane Duff, 440. 

Christian, Lady Mackintosh, 378. 

Janet, m. William Duff, s. of Captain James 

of Findowie, 547. 
Janet, of Shean, m. Captain James Duff of 

Findowie, 547. 
Walter, 546, 547, 584. 
Messenger and ' Messenger at arms,' 28 note. 
Michel, m. Mary, d. of Patrick Duff and 

Penelope Gordon, 483. 
Midshipmen in 1S05, 269, 270. 
Middleton, General, pass from, to Alexander 

Duff of Keithmore, 52. 
Millar, J. Hepburn, m. Margaret Wilhelmina 

Tod, 505. 

J., m. Mary Macdoiiald, 430. 
Jane, m. Daniel Dull, schoolmaster, 445, 
Miln (Milne) : 

George, m. Margaret Duff, 332, 334. 
Hary, factor to Archibald Duff of Drum- 

mmr, 3tii-S. 
James, in. Jean Gordon of Farskanc, 332, 

.334. -194- 
James, m. Mary Dull, 589. 
John, m. Charlotte Duff, 589. 
W., Rev., m. Helen Gordon, 361. 
Mitchell (Mitchel) : 

, ra. Margaret Duff, 440. 

Anne, m. Wilham Duff, minister of Glen- 
bucket, 537. 
Margaret, m. George Duff in Hillockhead, 

, m. Anne Macdonald, 430, 

Anne, m. Pclcr Duff of Mather Cluny, 42O. 
Molosworlh, Juliet, m. Julian Ainslie, 499. 
Moiiaughty cslate, 175. 

Monro, Hugh, of Teaninich, m. Catherine, d. 
of Provost William Duff, 355, 361, 372, 
Montagu, Edward Wortley, friendship with 

Archibald Duff of Druinmuir, 38 1, 3S2. 
Montevideo Expedition, 216, 217. 
Montgomery, Agnes, m. George Duff, 37 

Monthermer, Mary dc, m. Duncan, elcvcntli 

Earl of Fife, 10 and note. 
Montrose's campaigns. Duffs and Duff 
connections concerned in, etc. : 
Alexander of Keithmorc's services, 51-3. 
Alford, battle of, 344 and note. 
Bade, Duffs of, 344, 454. 
Beaiily Road Well tradition, 410. 
John of Bowmakellach, 328, 330. 
ICobert ' the Gallant,' 343, 344 and note, 

TuUoch (Tannachy), 57. 
Moray Firth, closing to trawlers, 320. 
Morden, W. C, History of Tooling Graveney, 

Morgan : 

Emily Alice Pauline, m. Henry Assheton 

Duff, 254. 
F. H., Rev., m. Jane Agnes Duff, 4S3. 
Morison family, connection with Duffs : 
Alexander of Bognie, m. Jessie Eliza Duff, 

212, 251. 
Alexander of Bognie, m. Katherine Duff, 

George of Haddo, m. Jean Aborcromby, 

Mary (Mary Abercromby Duff), m. Robert 
William Duff of Fetteresso, 317, 31 8, 
Table, 563. 

Theodore of Bognie, 391 note. 
Morley, James Alexander, in. Maria Hare 

Duff, 587. 
Mortlach, 48, 49, 51, 90, 5G5, 590. 
Mortimer, Elizabeth, m. Alexander Duff, 

minister of Monymusk, 539. 
Mosman, W., m. Amy Chancellor, 505. 
Mossman, William, painter, 137. 
Mouchot, Pierre Clement, m. Nina Duff 2S0. 
Mowat of BalquhoUy, 36, 231, 344. 
Moy House, near Forres, 390. 
Muir, David, m. Helen Clementina Tod, 

Muirtown family, 407 et seq. 

Arms, 571. 
Muirtown House, 407, 410. 
Muldavit or Craighead family, 8, 12 c/ seq. 
Multure, 66. 

Murdoc D. of Albus, forfeiture of, 4 note, 11. 
Murdoch, m. Margaret Duff, 430. 
Murray, Thomas Graham, m. Caroline Jane 

Tod, 248. 
Mutllcbury, James W., m. Catherine Ehza- 
bcth Stanley Dull, 4 (9. 



Miittlcbiiry, Stanley Duff, 449 note. 
Mysiiii, Jatiios, 481. 


1. Robert Duff 

Namont, Marie Madeli 
of Fetteresso, 321. 

Napier, Sir William, aide-de-carap to General 
Sir James Duff at Limerick, 509. 

Napoleonic Wars, references to, in correspond- 
ence, 20S, 419 fi secj. 

Neill, Isabella, m. James Duff, Greenock, 588. 

Nevett, Mrs. (Louisa Duff), 592. 

Neville, Ralph, Histoyy of London Clubs, 279. 

New Brunswick, Duffs of, 552. 

New Noth, Duffs of, 426. 

Newbolt, Colonel, m. Lydia Ramsay, 4S7. 

North Berwick, Nunnery of, foundation by 
Duncan, sixth Earl of Fife, 8. 

North's, Lord, Administration, Arthur Duff 
on, 161, 163. 

Norwich, earldom and name of, 268 and note. 

Obrist, Caspar, m. Alice Jane Grant Duff, 497. 
Ogilvie (Ogilvy) : 

, of Ardo, 49. 

Alexander de, Sir, 6. 

Anne, m. John Duff, land surveyor in 

Dundee, 435. 
Archibald of Rothiemay, m. Isobel 

Meldrum, 416. 
George and James, quarrel re Duff aisle 

in Church of CuUen, 16 note. 
George of Cluncs, m. Margaret Duff, d. of 

John (ninth) of Muldavit, 18, 21. 
James, Collector of Excise, m. Margaret, 

d. of Alexander Duff of Braco, 492, 

500 and note. 
Janet, m. Patrick of Darbruich, 18 and 

Janet, Lady, m. William, Lord Braco, iii, 

450, 5<j3- 
Jean Helen, Lady Banff, m. Alexander 

Gordon of Glengerack, 492. 
John of Auchoynany, half-brother to Adam 

of Clunybeg, 21, 44 note, 344 note. 
Margaret, half-sister to Adam of Clunybeg, 

m. John Stewart of Ardbreck, 21, 40, 

Mary, Bath, 524. 
Mary of Inchmartine, m. Patrick Duff of 

Hatton, 232. 
Patrick, Sir, 71. 
Walter of Auchoynany, m. Margaret 

Gordon of Cairnburrow, 18 and note, 

Old Quebec, by Parker and Bryan, 103 note. 
O'Neil, barony of, ro. 

O'Neill, Rev. Gerald, m. Martha Ellen Duff, 

Onsluw, Amelia Charlotte, m. William 

Higginson Duff, 2S0. 
Orchard Crofts, 30. 
Ord, Henry Lascelles, of Langridge, County 

Durham, m. Miss Duff, 527. 
Orton family. See Wharton Duff. 
Orton House, 164, 502. 
Oswald, Mrs. Percy (AUce Duff), 592. 
Otholenia, i. 
Ottley, Mrs. (Eva Maud Duff), 2S0. 

PantochronochanoH of Sir Thomas Urquhart, 

560, 561. 
Paris in 184S, letter of A. T. Wharton Duff, 

Park estate, 403, 555, 559 and note. 
Park House, 553. 

Parker, Eliza Ann, m. Folliot Duff, 2S0. 
Parliament : 

Duff members of (1593-1893), 172. 
Price of vote, 172 note. 
Procedure in Michaelmas Head Court at 
Elgin, 159. 
Partridge feeding, Arthur Duff's directions, 

Pasca, Margaret Rose, m. Richard Alexander 

Chancellor, 505. 
Paton, Victor Noel, m. Eva Jemima Tod, 505. 

Patterson, , m. Jane Duff, 440. 

Paul, Sir James Balfour, Scots Peerage, 3, 10 

Peel, Lilian, m. Harry Duff, 461. 
Peninsular War, James Duff of Cadiz. 

correspondence with Lord Wellesley, 

etc., 420, 42r. 
Percy, Sir Walter, murder of Duncan, tenth 

Earl of Fife, 10. 
Pcreira, Manasseh Lopez, m. Charlotte Duff, 

Perpetual Regality, privilege conferred on 

' Clan Macduff,' 5. 
Perry, James, surgeon, m. Margaret Duff, 

Perth, James, third titular Duke of, 387 and 

note, 547. 
Perth, John, fourth titular Duke of, 385. 
Peterhead as health resort, 238 note. 
Peterkin, Alexander, m. Anna Campbell, 353. 
Petre, Bernard James, s. of Colonel James 

Duff, 531. 
Phillips, Eliza, m. General Alexander Gordon 

Duff, 325- 
Pike, Lydia, m. Lachlan Duff, 40O. 
Pilcher, William Humphrey, m. Phoebe Duff, 

Pitman, James, m. Jemima Helen Chancellor, 




Pittyvaich and Fittie, lands of, 62, 384. 

Phiscardcn, Abbey of, 207. 

Pococke, Bishop, visit to Banff, 171. 

Political Stale 0/ Scotland in 17SS, 171, 50G. 

Porkols, Dr., of Brunswick, m. Matilda Duff, 
446, 450 note. 

Powell, Rebecca, m. Alexander Duff of Mayen, 

Pratt : 

Constance Evelina, m. John Duff, 256. 
George Whistler, m, Helen Duff, 256. 

Prescott, Eliza Charlotte, m. (i) James Duff, 
s. of Sir James of Kinstair, 527, 529 ; 
(2) Hon. Frederick Tlicllusson, after- 
wards Baron Kcndlesham, 530. 

Prince Charles Edward : 
'45. See that heading. 
Widow of, presented to king and queen, 

Prince Arthur. See Connaught. 

Prince Edward Island, Duffs of, 552. 

Prince James Edward {' The Old Chevalier'), 

Pringle, Isabel, m. John Duff of Bowma- 
kellach, 47, 331, 33S, 566. 

Privileges granted to Macduff, 4-6. 

Proctor, -, m. Mary Duff, 440. 

Puigblanc, Don Antonio, flight to Gibraltar, 
action of Sir James Duff, 422. 

Oueen Mary Stewart at Rothiemay, 127. 
i,>ueen Victoria, coronation of, 405. 
Oueensferry, death of Admiral Robert Duff, 

Qiiiberon Bay, battle of. Commodore DulT 

at, 312. 


Raeburn, Sir Henry, 209, iC<6, 321, 4S7. 
Raid of Elgin, 218, 219. 
Rami)ini's Momy and Nnini, 219 nule. 
ICainsay : 

Alan, painter, 123. 

James (Barra), m. Maria Duff, 4S4, 487. 
William of Colluthie, m. Isabel, d. of last 
Earl of Fife, 11. 
Randolph, Rev. Seymour, m. Jane Agnes 

Duff, 483. 
Rathkillet, lands of, S. 
Rathven, Church of, iS a):d note. 
Rattray, Baron Clerk, m. Jane Duff, 298. 
Rawson : 

Margaret Grace, m. Captain Arthur Allan 

Morison Duff, 325. 
Wyatt, Commander, 325. 
Rebellion of 1642, Sir Tiiomas Urquhart's 
part in, 561. 

Rebellions of 1715 and 1745. See headings 

'15 and -45. 
Rnords of Old Aberdeen, .|i(.. 
Ree, Rev. Stephen, 40, 48 note, 532. 
Reed, Mr. and Sir Ale.xander, their sons at 

battle of Inverurie, 239. 

Daniel, m. Rachel Gordon, 404. 

James, m. Janet Duff, 390. 

James, Captain, m. Patience Huddart 

Stewart, 336. 
Sarah, m. Wilfiam Duff (buried at Ban If), 
Rendlesham, fourth Baron, m. Eliza 

Charlotte, widow of James Duff, 530. 
Renwick, George Edward, m. Isabella Russell, 

Reynolds, Sir Joshua, 123, 313. 
Ricardo, John Lewis, m. Catherine Duff, 217. 
Richmond, George, R.A., 222. 
Robertson ; 

Ale.xander, Captain, debt due to repre- 
sentatives by General Patrick (' Tiger ') 
Duff, 484. 
Isobel, m. Alexander Duff of Invermarkie, 

Louise, m. Charles Duff, 5S9. 
Robertson, William : 

List of Missing Charters, 11 note, 14. 
Robertson, E. W. : 

Scotland under her early Kings, 3. 
Robicston, lands of, 340, 452, 454. 
Robinson : 

Dr., m. Magdaline Duff, 355, 361. 
George, 320, 522. 

Miss, m. Thomas Duff of Perthshire, 552. 
T., midshipman of the Mars at Trafalgar, 
RockviUe, Lord, 41Q, 
Kodncy, Louisa, m. George Smyttan Duff, 

Romney, George, 4S4. 
Rose : 

Patrick, Sheriff Clerk of Banff, 439, 464, 

■179, -tS?. 
William, laclor to James, second Ead Fife, 
173, 175, 177. 17«, 185. 
Handwriting, 284 and note. 
John Duff of Pitchaish, letters to, 470-2. 
William Duff, s. of second Earl Fife, 
friendship with, 520 note. 
Rosebery's List of Persons concerned in the 

Rebellion (l745), 240, 333, 4^-2, 584. 

Andrew, merchant in Tain, m. Margaret 

Campbell, 35^. 
G., m. Mary Jane Tod, 248. 
Margaret, m. Alexander Duff of Elgin, 
442, 444. 
Rothiemay, 79 note, 112, 113, 119, 121, 123, 
127, 131, 132, 149, 150, 151, 164, 184, 
224, 23'2, 277, 515, 537, 539, 556. 



Rovvane, B;irbara, m. Alcxamlcr Diilf 

(second) of 'J'otTicsoul, {.|ii, 3(i. 

Helen, ni. James Duff in New Nolh, .(31. 
Henry, Rev., m. Kmily, d. of Colonel 
Thomas Gordon, 404. 
Rust, Mrs. (Margaret Duff), 446. 
Rutherford, Elizabeth, m. Alexander Duff 
(first) of Torriesoul, 340. 

Sabbath keeping, Hlgin regulations, 458. 
St. Columba, verses containing first men- 
tion of Fife, I. 
St. John, John de, deputy for Duncan, 
F.arl of Fife, at coronation of Jolm 
Haliol, 10. 
St. Lucia, taking of, 160. 
St. Vincent, surrender to the French, 

William DufI to the Earl of Fife, 2S9. 
Salmon fishings at Bantf, -2^^ note. 
Salt, price of, 357. 
Salvadore House, Tooting, Dr. Daniel Duff's 

' Academy for Young Gentlemen,' 445. 
Sandwich, Lord, 382. 
Sanctuary, privilege conferred on Macduff 

by Malcolm in., 4-6. 
Sanders : 

Robert, Adam of Clunybeg cited by, 

45, 46. 
William, m. Margaret Duff, 343. 
Savage Club, founded by Andrew Halliday 

Duff, 541. 
Scarlet fever, 146, 398. 
Schoolcraft, Mary, m. Alexander Tillery Duff, 

Scilly, Duffs in, 5S3. 
Scholach, Duff, 309. 
Scott : 

Andrew, m. Jane Duff of Lesbury, 588 note. 
Anna Maria, m. George Skene Tayler, 196. 
Elsie, m. George Duff, in Hillockhead and 

Towiemore, 441. 
Louisa, m. Robert William Duff of Fet- 

tcresso, 326. 
William, letter to Alexander of Drum- 
muir, 369. 
Scott, Sir Walter's Diary, reference to, 319, 

Seafield Correspondence, 61, 71, 41G note. 
Seaficld, Earls of, ill, 233. 
' Raid of Elgin," 218, 219. 
Scmpill, Lord, 239. 
Sequels, 66. 

Seringapatam siege train, 477. 
Servants' Wages, 250, 31 8. 
Seton : 

Charles, m. Mabel Steuart, 404. 
Elizabeth of Meldrum, m. John Urquhart 
of Cromarty, 562. 

Seven Years' War, Admiral Robert Duff at 

Cherbourg and ()uilieion Hay, 111, (12. 
Seymour, Jane, m. iJauiel Dull of Whickliam, 

County Durliam, 5K8 note. 
Sharp, Frederic, m. Beatrice Duff, 322. 
Shaw, Mr., of Melbourne, m. Ann Eleonora 

Walker, 4G1. 
Shaw, s. of Duncan, fifth Earl of Fife, S. 
Shaw's History of Moray, 65 note, 90, 376. 
Shearer, Miss, m. Thomas Duff, s. of James 

in Mill of Auchindachy, 440. 
Sheridan, Mary Elizabeth Brinsley, m. 

Charles Garden Assheton-Srnith, 254. 
Shirrcll, Major Robert, m. Jane Dorothea 

Stratton Duff, 413. 
Shoolbred, Helen ^Iarv, m. Norwich Duff, 

271, 272. 
Sibbald's History of Fife and Kinross, i, 2, 

13, 544- 
Signatures, 33 tiotc, .(59. 
Sinclair, Dorothea, Lady, m. James Duff, 

second Earl Fife, 169, 450. 
Skelly, Dorothy of Yarm, m. (i) William 
Duff, s. of second Earl Fife, 522, 523 ; 
(2) Captain Tobin, 524. 
Skene family : 
George, 189, 193. 
George of Skene, m. Mary Forbes of Afford, 

192, 200, 203. 
George, ' the Last Laird,' 192. 
Helen of Rubislaw, m. James Duff of Banff, 

Mary, m. Alexander Duff, afterwards third 
Earl Fife, 192, 194, 195, 200, 450. 
Skene, 191, 193, 224. 
Skene, William : 

Celtic Scotland and Highlanders of Scotland, 

I, 2 and note, 5, 6 note. 
Fordim's Chronicles, 2, 3. 
Skene, Sir John, De Verborunt Significatione, 

Skinner, John, Dean of Dunkeld, m. Innes 

Duff, 435. 
Slacke, Rev. Owen, m. Henrietta Duff, 549. 
Sloane, Sir Hans, 533-5. 
Smallpox, 131. 
Smart : 

Elizabeth Margaret, m. Robert William 

Duff, s. of Captain Daniel, 449. 
Helen Alexa, m. Robert William Duff of 

Winchester House, 449. 
Margaret, m. William Duff, in part of 
Hillockhead, 4,10. 

General, Lieutenant-Governor of Gibraltar, 


Jane of Dundee 

Farskane, 492. 
Mary Susan, m. Charles 

Miss, from Aswanly, m. James Duff, 

.Mill of Auchindachy, 440. 

i Gordon of 
Imund Duff, 



Smytlan, Miss, of Perth, ra. Gcorgo Duff, 

banker in Diinkcid, 592. 
South Carohna and Georgia, land in, made 
over to widow of Jolm Dulf of Culbin, 
Southwell, Captain tlie Hon. \V., m. Jean 

Duff, 435- 
Spalden, William de, murdered by Sir 

Alexander de Ogilvy, 6. 
Sport : 

Morayshire, 52S. 
Sussex, 529. 
Spynie, 73, 175. 

Daniel Duff, schoolmaster at, 444, 445. 
Stables, Margaret, m. George Diii^, 591. 
Steer, Sophie Mary, m. Sir Maurice Duf=f- 

Gordon, 424. 
Stein, Anne, of Kilbagie, m. General Sir 

Alexander Duff, 182, 20S, 217, 219. 
Steinson, Mary, of Hlgin, m. William Duff, 

minister of Grange, 540. 
Stephen, m. Janet, d. of John Duff, last of 

Muldavit, 30. 
Sternt, Joseph R., ra. Patience Huddart 

Stewart, 336. 

Patrick, of Auchlunkart, m. Rachel, d. of 

Lachlan Duff, W.S., 403. 
Andrew, m. Elizabeth Duft, 404. 
Stevens, Cecil Robert, m. Katherine Duff, 

Stewart : 

of Bush, m. Isabel Dulf, 331. 

Clementina, m. Major Robert Duff of 

Ladyhill, 460. 
Francis, Major-General of Lesmurdie, m. 

Margaret Grant, 233. 
Hugh, sohcitor, Elgin, m. Mary Steinson 

Duft, 540. 
James of Lesmurdy, m. Margaret, d. of 

Alexander of Kcillimore, 57. 
Jane of Lesmurdie, ra. Archibald Duff, 

John of Ardbreck, 21. 
John of Banff, ra. JIargaret, d. of James 

Duft of Corsiudae, 332. 
Margaret, m. Thomas Duff, 432. 
Walter, second son of Robert 11., m. Isabel, 

d. of last Earl of Fife, 11. 
William, m. Catherine Dingwall, 336. 
William, m. Margaret, d. of Patrick Duff 
of WhitehiU, 288, 292, 293 7iote. 
Stieler, Maria, m. Adam Duff, 324. 
Stocket, property of, 307. 
Stolberg, Louisa de, widow of Prince Charles 

Edward, 177. 
Strachan : 

Alexander of Glenkindie, house plundered 

by Adam Duft of Clunybeg, 44. 
Janet, m. Adam Duff of Edmdiach, 455, 
Strathbran and Strathmiglo, lands of, 8. 

Struthors, Miss, m. Robert Duff of Berbice, 

Stuart : 

Alexander of Edinglassic, 129, 527. 

John, Rev., m. Magdalen Gordon, 361. 

John Roy, Colonel, 384 note. 

William of Auchorrachan, m. Elizabeth 
Duft, 297. 
Sturgess, Robert, m. Eleanor Duff, 5S8 note. 
Succoth, 61. 
Sutherland ; 

Captain, m. Sarah Georgina Duff, drowned 
in loss of the Comet, 412. 

Helen, m. Robert Duff, baillie of Elgin, 457. 

WiUiam, Hon., of Roscommon, m. Helen 
Duff, 91, 92. 

Catherine Duff, 213. 

Jane Graham, 213. 

John Bell, 213. 

Taaffe, George, of Smarmore, m. Alice 

Catherine Griflith-Boscawen, 271. 
Tallyrand, Major H. R. Duff's diary, 410 

' Tanistry,' derivation, 3 note. 
Tanner, Frances, m. Arthur Meredith Duff, 

Tayler : 

Alexander Duff, 182, 195-7. 
Ale.x.^nder Fr.\ncis, Major, m. Lady 
Jane Duff, 145, 149, 193, 195, 210, 211, 
Alexander Francis, 183, 196, 197, 211. 
Alistair, 221, 271. 
Constance, 56, 271. 

George Skene, 196, 211. , 

Hay Utterson, 196, 198, 211. 
Henrietta, 271. 
James George, 19G, 211. 
Jane Marion, 196, 211. 
William James, m. Georgina Lucy Duff, 
149, 195-7 '""^ note, 211, 221 and note, 
Taylor, Helen, m. William Duff of Braco, 

71, 74, 75, 80, 81, 29G. 
Teachers' salaries, 462. 
Tennant : 

Harold John, m. Helen Elizabeth Duff, 406. 
Pauline Emma, m. Thomas Duff Gordon 
Duff, .too. 
Thanes of Fife, 2 et seq. 

Thellusson, Hon. Frederick, afterwards Baron 
Rendlesham, ra. Eliza Charlotte, widow 
of James Duff, 530. 
Hon. Ruby, m. Bernard James Petre, 531. 



Thirlage, 282. 

'Jliriiripson, J'llsio IlowarrI, ni. Sir John Robert 

Chancellor, K.C.M.C;., 505. 
Thompson, Mrs. (Janet Dufl), 592. 
Thomson, Henrietta, m. Alexander Duff, 

minister of Tibberrauir, 530. 
Threshie, David Scott, m. Penelope, widow of 

Patrick Duff, 4S3. 
Tilliebody (now TuUybodj') estate, 499 note. 
Tillydown estate, 277. 
Titanic, loss of, 425. 
Tobin, Captain, m. Dorothy, widow of Major 

William Duff, 52 (. 

Anne Helen, m. Edward Chancellor, 157, 

Annabella, m. James Duff, 5S9. 
John, ra. Helen Duff, 212. 

Children, 212, 248. 
John Robert of Edinburgh, m. Jemima 

Wharton Duff, 24S, 505. 
John Wharton, 505. 
ToUemache, Baron, m. Eliza Gcorgina 

(Minnie) Duff, 528. 
Top hats, introduction into Inverness by 

Major H. R. Dntf, 412 note. 
Torriesoul, 339 anil notes, 342, 343. 
Tower of Eondon records, 67. 
Townshend, fifth Marquis, m. Lady Anne 

Elizabeth Clementina Duff, 220. 
Trafalgar, battle of, 263, 403. 
Travelling, hardships and expenses, 112, 

116, 233 note, 362, 529. 
' Trot of Turriff,' 561. 
Tulloch : 

Alexander of Tannachy, 90, 104. 
Thomas of Tannachy, m. Mary, d. of 
Alexander of Keithmore, 57. 
Tullochallum, 19. 
Turing : 

Anna, m. William Duff, minister of 

Rothiemay, 537. 
Janet, m. Robert Dufl, minister of King 
Edward, •i38. 
Turquand, Glynn, m. Eleanor Traill Duff, 

Tyndalc-Biscoc, Arthur, m. Emily Beatrice 


Alec Julian, 272. 

Edward Rupert, 272. 

Rosamond Mary, 272. 
Typhus fever, 162. 

Tytler, Hary, m. Anne Gordon of Carnousie, 
3G8 note. 

Udny, Alexander of Udny, m. Margaret, d. of 

William of Braco, 76, 80, 82, 296. 
Ulster, Duffs of, 581. 
U.S.A., Duffs in, yj2, 593- 


Alexander of Cromarty, 561. 

Annie Isaull of Meldrum, m. Garden 

Alexander 15uff of Hatton, 252. 
Douglas Isabella Maria of Meldrum, m. 

Garden Wdliam Duff of Hatton, 252. 
Duncan of Burdsyards, m. Jean Gordon, 

123, 138, 557- 
Francis Pollard-, of Craigston, m. Louisa, d. 

of Garden William Duff, 254. 
Genealogical table, 560. 
Isabel, m. Wdliam Duff in Turriff, 307 

James of Meldrum, 151, 152. 
John, Captain, of Cromarty, 228, 304 and 

John, tutor of Cromarty, 561. 
Keith of Bethelnie, m'. Lady Jano Duff, 

142, 143, 151, 152. 
Lewis of Meldrum, 142. 
Mary of Knockleith, m. Patrick Duff of 

Craigston, 229. 
Robert, 5.17 and note. 
William of Meldrum, 142. 
Urquhart, Sir Thomas, Pantochyonochanon, 

Varriage, 52. 

Vaynol estate, 254. 

Verschoyle, Sybil Mary, m. Charles Garden 

Assheton-Smith, 254. 
Vivian : 

Hussey Crespigny, Hon., m. Louisa Alice 

Duff, 254. 
Maud Frances, Hon., m. Charles Garden 
Assheton-Smith, 254. 


Walchcren Expedition, 421. 
Walker : 

Alexander, Rev., of Elgin and Urquhart, m. 
Jilizabcth Grant, 494. 

Henry, Rev., m. Eleanora Gordon, 404. 

M., I^ev., of Llanbryde, m. Anne Duff, 460. 

Mildred Mabel, in. Thomas Dulf Gordon 
Duff, 406. 

W., m. Helen Duff, 590. 

Eliza Jane, m. Charles Murray Duff, 592. 

Lucy, Mrs., m. Sir Cosmo Edmund Duff 
Gordon, 425. 
Walton, Mrs. (Catherine Duff), 551. 
Ward, Mrs. Lydia, 480, 490. 
Warrand : 

Alexander, M.D., m. Emilia Davidson Duff, 

Colonel A. R. B., 378, 412. 
Waterfield, Aubrey, m. Caroline Duff-Gordon, 



Sir !\I; 


iiricc Du 

;a, m. Andrew Allan 

, m. James Erskine 

Watson ; 

Anne, m. James Dul 
Eleanor of South Afi 

Duff, 590. 
Elsie of South Afri( 
Dufif, 589. 
Watt, James, m. Charlotte Duff, 5S9. 
Webster : 

Anna Julia, m. Sir Mounstuart Elphinstone 

Grant Duff, ^oS. 
John, m. Margaret WiUiamina Duncan, 291. 
Weir : 

Anne Duff, 213. 
Elizabeth, 21^. 
Helen Duff, 213. 
Wellington, Duke of, correspondence, etc., 

with James Duff of Cadiz, .(20 et scq. 
Wcmyss, Earl of, representative of Earls of 

Fife, 7, 12. 
Wemyss, P., genealogical list of Thanes and 
Earls of Fife sent to Mr. Duff of Prem- 
nay, 593- 
Wesley, visit to Banff, 171. 
Wester Ardbrack, estate of, 342. 
Westerton, 366. 
Wharton, Thomas, m. Lady Sophia, d. of 

William Duff, Lord Braco, 157, 503. 
Wharton Duff of Orton, 502 et seq. 
Alexander Thomas, 211, 504. 
Anne Jane, 211, 505. 
Arthur, 503. 
Jane, 503. 

Jeniima,'2ii,248, 505. 
John Wiiakton Too, 505. 
Mary, m. J")aniel Buller, 503. 
Richard, 193, 211, 400, 503. 

Arms, 572. 
Sophia, 503, 304. 
WiUiam, 503. 

inlroduclion into H.intf by 

rsiudiir, 332. 

iMontcvidco E.\pedi- 

relation to 
, 15'- 

Wheeled carts 

James Dull ul ( 
Whilehill estate, z_i><. 
W'hitelocke, Gener;' 

tion, 216. 
\Vhooping cough, severity 

diet, Dr. Daniel Duff's 
Wilkes, John, 156, 160. 
Wilkinson, Charles, m. Robina Jfary Duff, 

WiUiams, Edith Sarah, m. Sir Artliur Sack- 
ville Tre\'or Gntlith-BoacawLn, M.P., 
Williamson, Frances, m. James Gordon Dulf, 

Wilson, Margaret, m. U'alter Norwich Duff, 

Wilson, William, m. Lady Ida Louisa Alice 

Duff, 220. 
Winter of 1775-6, lOo. 
Wood : 

Grace, m. General Sir Beauchanip Duff, 

G.C.B., 253 7iote. 
Thomas of Gwernfed, m. Rhona Cecilia 
Emily Duff, 52S. 
Woodcote House, 322. 
Worsley, Lord, m. Alexandra Mary Freesia 

Vivian, 255. 
Wortley Montagu, Edward, 381. 
Wyntoun, Andrew de. Chronicles, 2, 3 note, 
4-7 and note. 



Yongc, Frederick Langford, 

Annie Chalmers Dulf, 4.|('>. 
Young, Arthur, correspondence with James 

second Earl Fife, 177. 
Young, Robert: 

Annals of Elgin, 219 note. 
Parish of Spynie, 73. 

/Qii°]4^|i4^| ky f 

r. f' 

28 38 1